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HOW PLATO MISSED THE MARK #1115 2009, It Is Written Television www.itiswritten.

.com He might have lived almost 2,400 years ago, but I promise, hes helped shaped the way you think. In fact, most of the world still thinks like he does. So who was he? Here in the Western world, most of us are Greek. Now genetically, we might be Scottish, Mexican, African, English or Dutch, but to a large extent, the way we think is Greek, and thats because, for many years, the Greek Empire ruled the world. Even long after the collapse of that empire, Greek philosophy still formed the foundation for how we now think in the Western world. Names like Socrates, Pythagoras, Aristotle and Plato are practically household words even though a large percentage of people have never actually read anything they wrote. But just because you havent thumbed through books like Aristotles Ethics, or Platos Republic in a little while, that doesnt mean your thinking hasnt been shaped by those books, because to a large extent your whole framework of thinking has been given to you by the Greeks. Now, I realize that in modern society, theres been this huge influx of Eastern thinking on top of everything else, but still, the foundations of Western civilization pretty much remain Greek. Inarguably, perhaps the most influential of the Greek philosophers was a man by the name of Plato. Now, some people think his real name was Aristocles, but thats neither here nor there, because the whole world today knows him as Plato. And they know him as the student of the great philosopher, Socrates, who lived some 2,400 years ago in the city of Athens. Chances are if you went to college, you were forced to wade your way through some of Platos books, like The Apology of Socrates, or The Republic, and even if you havent, youve still been immersed in those writings since the moment you were born, because most of the world today has been affected by those books in some way or another. Now, because this is a program about biblical thinking, Im not going to spend a lot of time going through Platos philosophies or expounding on his version of wisdom, except to point out something very important. It turns out that Platos approach to life has something very important to say about the human condition, and it points us directly to the Word of God. So, today, lets start with something known as Platos Theory of Forms. Now, I know when you tuned in, you werent exactly bargaining for a course in philosophy, so Im not going to give you one, but stay with me for just a moment and I think youll see why we have to do this. In the mind of Plato, he recognized that our whole world is full of imperfections, and, of course, you dont need to be a Greek philosopher to figure that one out. Were all painfully aware that life on planet Earth falls a long way short of absolute perfection. But Plato took the time to ask the question, Why? And beyond asking why theres imperfection, he also asked how we know imperfection exists. If somethings not perfect, how do we know that? Lets take this desk, for an example. For all intents and purposes, its a pretty nice desk, and by the time you receive this television signal, youll never see most of the flaws and

imperfections in it. Let me assure you, there are flaws. There are scratches on the surface, and theres this drawer that kind of opens funny, and there are other signs of wear and tear. Now, again, thats not a very profound observation, because weve all got a few articles of furniture like that somewhere in our house. But the real big question is, how we know those things are imperfections? Whos to say that a scratch on the surface of a desk isnt an improvement? And whos to say that a malfunctioning drawer doesnt make the desk worth more on the open market? I guess the bottom line is this, somewhere along the way human beings developed a natural sense of perfection, and we are painfully aware when something isnt perfect. And thats kind of where the philosopher Plato steps in. He would argue that the reason we sense imperfection is because somewhere out there in the spiritual realm, real perfection actually exists. And by using our intellect, we can tap into the world of perfection and compare it to the physical world all around us. So, out there somewhere is this idea of the perfect desk, and all the desks that exist here on Earth are just imperfect copies of the ideal desk. Theyre material objects that exude the qualities of being a desk, says Plato, but theyre not really perfect desks. Now, I know that all sounds like somebody had a little too much time on their hands, but bear with me because this is really important. The philosopher Plato looked at the world and decided that everything material and physical, the stuff you can actually touch with your hands, he said of it, Thats less than perfect. In essence, he broke down the universe into two different compartments. He gave us the imperfect, material world we live inall the things you can touch with your hands. And then he said theres the perfect spiritual world of forms. He said thats where all the perfect ideas are. The ideals. And even though we physically live in the imperfect, material world, Plato said our brains are the way we access the perfect, spiritual world. And that just by thinking about it, we become aware of our imperfections.

Discovery institute is a institutional home of a group scientists and scholars that are challenging the world view. The world view has a name, it is called the Scientific Materialism. The Sientific Materialism appols that the matter and energy is the primar fundamental reality. Matter and energy are the entities from which everything else comes. and that matter and energy are eternal and self -existing and that life and conciousness and everything else that we experience has a reason as a result of pure and direct process or processes by which simple material constitue parts of arrange themselves and the distroctars that we see today. Now, that way of thinking denies the reality of any ultimate purpose to the Universe, denies the reality of design, denies the relity and possibility of existans of God. The discovery institute we are challenging the worldview and it's source that is we are challenging the materialism philosofy and the scientific theories that rised on it on the basis of discovery,the scientific discoveries of the last century. What we are saying in phisics, chemistry, biology, cosmology are series of discoveries that point powerfully to the reality of preexisting inteligent cause for life and universe.