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# Building No.

:-

WIND CALCULATION

MONO PITCH

B800-02

## Wind Zero Degree (i.e. Perpendicular to Ridge)

Code/Article

PAGE No.

EN 1991-1-4
Fundamental Basic wind velocity
Directional factor
Season factor

Vb0
Cdir

21.00 m/s
1.00

Cseason

Height of building

1.00
Vb

4.2 (1)
4.2 (2)
4.2 (2)

21.00 m/s,

h (or Z)

2.45
9.54
1.24
3.70
0.26
1.98
1
0.01
1.00
2.10
1.25
275.63
0.28
0.579
0.050

## 4.2 (2)-eq 4.1,

Vb = Cr * Cseason * Vbo

7.2.2 (1)Fig.7.4

## Length of building- Crosswind Direction

Width of Building
Max. Spacing between Columns

b
d
s

Aspect Ratio
Aspect Ratio
Terrain Category
Roughness Length (Based on Terrain Cat.)
Min. Height of terrain (Based on Terrain Cat.)
Exposure factor for Height Z
Air Density
Basic velocity pressure

h/b
h/d

Z0ii

qp

Terrain factor

Kr

0.17

Turbulent factor

kl

1.00

Roughness factor

Cr (z)

0.93

## 4.3.2-eq 4.5, Kr=0.19*(z0/z0ii)0.07

4.4 (1)
4.3.2-eq 4.4, Cr (z)=Kr*ln(Z/Z0)

Orography factor

C0 (z)

1.00

4.3.1, 4.3.3

## Mean wind velocity

Vm (Ze)

Turbulence intensity

lv (Z)

Z0
Zmin
Ce (z)
p
qb

m
m
m

h<=b
d<h<=2d
m
m
kg/m2
N/m2
KN/m2

Table 4.1

0.18

Vm = Cr * C0 * Vb
4.30
4.4-eq 4.6, lv(z)=v/Vm(z) = kl / [C0(z)* ln(Z/Z0)]

0.20

-0.30

Cpi
Internal pressure
Internal suction

Roof Angle ()
Wind Acting on Wall
Wind Angle = Zero Deg

qp= Ce (z)*qb

## 4.5 (1) -eq 4.8

19.61 M/S

Loaded area = s * h
e = min (b & 2 * h)
CsCd- Structural Factor
Governing case for side wall

## For Walls, 7.2.2 (1) Fig.7.4

7.2.2 (1)Fig.7.4
Table 4.1
Table 4.1
Table 4.1
4.5 (1) Fig.4.2, For Z =2.45m
4.5 (1)
4.5 (1) -eq 4.10
qb =0.5*p*Vb2

9.07 M2
4.90 M
1.00

7.2.9 note-2
7.2.9 note2
A<10M2
Smaller of b or 2h

e>d

8.5

Deg

e =

4.9

h/d =

1.976

d =

1.24

Cp = (Cpe-Cpi)

## Applicable Case: e > d

Fig. 7.5 ; Table 7.1, Page 37
Parameters

## WL -1, Wind Load Zero deg- (wall)

qp(Z)

Cpe

-1.20

-0.80

0.00

0.800

-0.30
-0.90
-0.46
2.40
-1.11

-0.30
-0.50
-0.26
0.64
-0.16

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

-0.30
1.10
0.56
23.37
13.19

A
-1.20
0.20

B
-0.80
0.20

C
0.00
0.00

D
0.800
0.20

Cpi
correlation factor for force on wall (Page 37)

=
=
=

0.58
-0.30
0.89

Wind force
Weightage Average of Zone A, B & C

-0.42

Cpi
Cp
w (KN/m2)
w (KN)
KN/m2

0.58

Parameters
Cpe
Cpi

qp(Z)

Page No. 1 of 17

WIND CALCULATION

Building No.:-

MONO PITCH

B800-02

## Wind Zero Degree (i.e. Perpendicular to Ridge)

Code/Article

PAGE No.

EN 1991-1-4
Cpi
correlation factor for force on wall (Page 37)

=
=

0.20
0.89

Wind force
Weightage Average of Zone A, B & C

-0.68

## Wind Acting on Roof

Wind Angle () = Zero Deg

All -ve values
qp(Z)
Cpi

=
=

0.58
-0.30

Cp
w (KN/m2)
w (KN)
KN/m2

-1.40
-0.72
2.40
-1.72

-1.00
-0.51
0.64
-0.33

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

## Roof Angle () = 8.5 deg

Fig. 7.8 ; Table 7.4a, Page 45
Coeff.
F
G
Cpe
-1.42
-1.06
Cpe
0.07
0.07

H
-0.50
0.07

Parameters
Cpe
Cpi
Cp
w (KN/m2)

F
-1.42
-0.30
-1.12
-0.65
0.60

G
-1.06
-0.30
-0.76
-0.44
3.47

H
-0.50
-0.30
-0.20
-0.11
7.16

w (KN)

-0.39

-1.53

-0.81

-0.24

KN/m2

All -ve values
qp(Z)
Cpi

Parameters
Cpe
Cpi
Cp
w (KN/m2)
w (KN)
KN/m2

F
-1.42
0.20
-1.62
-0.94
0.60
-0.56

G
-1.06
0.20
-1.26
-0.73
3.47
-2.53
-0.53

H
-0.50
0.20
-0.70
-0.40
7.16
-2.88

Parameters
Cpe
Cpi
Cp
w (KN/m2)
w (KN)
KN/m2

F
0.07
-0.30
0.37
0.21
0.60
0.13

G
0.07
-0.30
0.37
0.21
3.47
0.74
0.21

H
0.07
-0.30
0.37
0.21
7.16
1.53

Parameters
Cpe
Cpi
Cp
w (KN/m2)
w (KN)
KN/m2

F
0.07
0.20
-0.13
-0.08
0.60
-0.05

G
0.07
0.20
-0.13
-0.08
3.47
-0.26
-0.08

H
0.07
0.20
-0.13
-0.08
7.16
-0.54

=
=

0.58
0.20

All +ve values
qp(Z)
Cpi

=
=

0.58
-0.30

All +ve values
qp(Z)
Cpi

=
=

0.58
0.20

## Weightage Average of F,G & H

Summary
Wind Direction ()

Zero Deg

Page No. 2 of 17

Mono Pitch

0.60
0.31
23.37
7.20

WIND CALCULATION

Building No.:-

MONO PITCH

B800-02

Code/Article

PAGE No.

EN 1991-1-4

Walls
Parameters
w (KN/m2)
-0.30

A
-0.46
-0.42

B
-0.26
KN/m2

C
0.00

D
0.56

Parameters
w (KN/m2)
0.20

A
-0.72
-0.68

B
-0.51
KN/m2

C
0.00

D
0.31

Parameters
F
w (KN/m2)
-0.65

G
-0.44

H
-0.11

Parameters
w (KN/m2)

F
-0.94

G
-0.73

H
-0.40

Parameters
w (KN/m2)

F
0.21

G
0.21

H
0.21

Parameters
w (KN/m2)

F
-0.08

G
-0.08

H
-0.08

## WL -1, Wind Load Zero deg- (wall)

Weightage Average of Zone A, B & C, for Cpi of
WL - 2, Wind Load Zero deg- (wall)
Weightage Average of Zone A, B & C, for Cpi of

Roof
WL - 3, Wind Load Zero deg- (Roof)

Page No. 3 of 17

PAGE No.

18
18
18
35
35
35
35
35
20
20
20
23
22
23
22
20
20
22
19
19
19
20
53

36

E
-0.55
-0.30
-0.25
-0.13
23.37
-2.98

E
-0.55
0.20

Page No. 4 of 17

PAGE No.

-0.75
-0.38
23.37
-8.98

Page No. 5 of 17

PAGE No.

E
-0.13

E
-0.38

Page No. 6 of 17

## Wind acting on Walls

PAGE No.

d = 1.24

e = min (b & 2 * h)

Case1: e < d

WIND

b = 10

d =

Plan

Zone AREA
A
2.4

(4/5)e
3.92

h = 2.45

1.24

WIND

e/5
0.98

9.6

-9.0

d-e

Zone AREA
A
2.40
B
0.64

COMMON
AREA
23.37
23.37

-3.66

Case2: e d
d=
Zone
D
E

4.9

1.24

WIND
e/5
0.98

h = 2.45

d - e/5
0.26

## Vm (z) = Cr (z) * Co (z) * Vb

= 19.61 m/s
Case3: e > 5d
qp (z) = [1 + 7 * Iv (z)] * * Vm (z) ^ 2 / 2
=
6.14 kN/m2
Ce (z) = qp (z) / qb
=

d =

1.24

3.04

h = 2.45

WIND

22.29

Zone AREA

## (i.e. Perpendicular to ridge)

e = min (of b & 2h) = 4.90

Ridge

1.23

Wind (= 90 deg)

H
G

I
J

b = 9.5

e/4 =

F Low

b = 9.5

Fup

e/4 = 1.225

Wind 0 deg
Zone

d = 9.54

1.2

## e = min (of b & 2h) = 4.9

d = 1.24

Fup
Flow

1.225

e/10 = 0.49

e/2 =

2.45

Wind (= 0 deg)

F
e/4 =

1.23
e/10 = 0.49

=0 &180 deg
Zone AREA
F
0.60
G
3.47
H
7.16
I
4.67
J
7.16

b = Crosswind Direction
d = Along wind Direction

e/10

> 0 deg

High Eave

Low Eave
h = 2.45

Wind (= 0 deg)

Page No. 7 of 17

## Wind acting on Walls

PAGE No.

d = 1.24

e = min (b & 2 * h)

Case1: e < d
d =

Page No. 8 of 17

1.24

4.9

## Wind acting on Walls

PAGE No.

d = 1.24

e = min (b & 2 * h)

Case1: e < d
d =

Page No. 9 of 17

1.24

4.9

NOTE: BLUE
FONTS
INDICATES,
FIGURES SAME
FOR ALL
SIMILAR
PROJECTS

## Also, Iv= 0.18

OK

Wind 0 deg
AREA
0.60
0.60
3.47
18.70
67.64

Page No. 10 of 17

NOTE: BLUE
FONTS
INDICATES,
FIGURES SAME
FOR ALL
SIMILAR
PROJECTS

Page No. 11 of 17

NOTE: BLUE
FONTS
INDICATES,
FIGURES SAME
FOR ALL
SIMILAR
PROJECTS

Page No. 12 of 17

Pitch
Angle

## TABLE 7.3a External pressure coefficients for monopitch roofs

Zone for wind direction = 0
Zone for wind direction = 18
F
G
H
F
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
-1.700
-2.500
-1.200
-2.000
-0.600
-1.200
-2.300
-2.500
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

8.5

-1.420
0.070

-2.325
0.070

-1.060
0.070

-1.825
0.070

15

-0.900
0.200

-2.000
0.200

-0.800
0.200

-1.500
0.200

-0.300
0.200

30

-0.500
0.700

-1.500
0.700

-0.500
0.700

-1.500
0.700

45

0.000
0.700

0.000
0.700

0.000
0.700

60
75

0.700
0.800

0.700
0.800

0.700
0.800

Pitch
Angle

5
8.5
10
30
45
60
75

-0.495
0.070

-0.885
0.070

-2.370

-2.605

-0.300
0.200

-2.500

-2.800

-0.200
0.400

-0.200
0.400

-1.100

-2.300

0.000
0.700

0.000
0.600

0.000
0.600

-0.600

-1.300

0.700
0.800

0.700
0.800

0.700
0.800

-0.500
-0.500

-1.000
-1.000

Table 7.3b
External pressure coefficients for monopitch roofs
Zone for wind direction = 90
F up
F low
G
H
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
-2.1
-2.31
-2.4
-2.1
-1.5
-1.2
-1.2

-2.6
-2.81
-2.9
-2.9
-2.4
-2
-2

-2.1
-1.75
-1.6
-1.3
-1.3
-1.2
-1.2

-2.4
-2.4
-2.4
-2
-2
-2
-2

-1.8
-1.87
-1.9
-1.5
-1.4
-1.2
-1.2

-2
-2.35
-2.5
-2
-2
-2
-2

-0.6
-0.74
-0.8
-1
-1
-1
-1

-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3

## s for monopitch roofs

Zone for wind direction = 180
G
H
cpe,10
cpe,1
cpe,10
cpe,1
-1.300
-2.000
-0.800
-1.200

-1.300

-2.000

-0.835

-1.200

-1.300

-2.000

-0.900

-1.200

-0.800

-1.500

-0.500

-0.500
-0.500

-0.500
-0.500

-0.800

-0.800

-0.700

-0.700

-0.500
-0.500

-0.500
-0.500

-0.8

10

-0.08

3.5

-0.06

3.5

-0.21

-2.31

pitch roofs

I
cpe,10

cpe,1

-0.5
-0.64
-0.7
-0.8
-0.9
-0.7
-0.5

-0.5
-0.99
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2

-0.3

-0.28

-1.18

## Table 7.4a External pressure coefficients for duopitch roofs

Zone for wind direction = 0

Pitch
Angle

-45
-30
-15

cpe,10
-0.60
-1.10
-2.50

cpe,1
-0.60
-2.00
-2.80

cpe,10
-0.60
-0.80
-1.30

cpe,1
-0.60
-1.50
-2.00

cpe,10
-0.80
-0.80
-0.90

cpe,1
-0.80
-0.80
-1.20

cpe,10
-0.70
-0.60
-0.50

cpe,1
-0.70
-0.60
-0.50

-5

-2.30

-2.50

-1.20

-2.00

-0.80

-1.20

15

-1.70
0.00
-1.42
0.07
-0.90
0.20

-2.50
0.00
-2.33
0.07
-2.00
0.20

-1.20
0.00
-1.06
0.07
-0.80
0.20

-2.00
0.00
-1.83
0.07
-1.50
0.20

-0.60
0.00
-0.50
0.07
-0.30
0.20

-1.20
0.00
-0.89
0.07
-0.30
0.20

0.20
-0.60
-0.60
-0.60
-0.53
-0.39
-0.40
0.00

0.20
-0.60
-0.60
-0.60
-0.53
-0.39
-0.40
0.00

30

-0.50
0.70

-1.50
0.70

-0.50
0.70

-1.50
0.70

-0.20
0.40

-0.20
0.40

-0.40
0.00

-0.40
0.00

45

0.00
0.70

0.00
0.70

0.00
0.70

0.00
0.70

0.00
0.60

0.00
0.60

-0.20
0.00

-0.20
0.00

60
75

0.70
0.80

0.70
0.80

0.70
0.80

0.70
0.80

0.70
0.80

0.70
0.80

-0.20
-0.20

-0.20
-0.20

5
8.5

Table 7.4b
External pressure coefficients for duopitch roofs
Zone for wind direction = 90

Pitch
Angle
45
-30
-15
-5
5
8.5
10
30
45
60
75

F
cpe,10
-1.4
-1.5
-1.9
-1.8
-1.6
-1.39
-1.3
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1
-1.1

G
cpe,1
-2
-2.1
-2.5
-2.5
-2.2
-2.06
-2
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5

cpe,10
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.3
-1.3
-1.3
-1.4
-1.4
-1.2
-1.2

H
cpe,1
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2
-2

cpe,10
-1
-1
-0.8
-0.7
-0.7
-0.63
-0.6
-0.8
-0.9
-0.8
-0.8

I
cpe,1
-1.3
-1.3
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1
-1

cpe,10
-0.9
-0.9
-0.8
-0.6
0.7
-0.14
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5

cpe,1
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-1.2
-0.7
-0.56
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5
-0.5

duopitch roofs

J
cpe,10
-1.00
-0.80
-0.70

cpe,1
-1.50
-1.40
-1.20

0.20
-0.60
0.20
-0.60
-0.74
-0.39
-1.00
0.00

0.20
-0.60
0.20
-0.60
-0.92
-0.39
-1.50
0.00

-0.50
0.00

-0.50
0.00

-0.30
0.00

-0.30
0.00

-0.30
-0.30

-0.30
-0.30