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Clean Columns V3.1

Least weight is not least cost.

Least weight is not least cost.

Least weight is not least cost. AISC has been saying this for years. Now we'd like to show you.
Clean Columns calculates the lightest column section required to eliminate stiffener and doubler plates.
Puc Beam/Girder Vus Column Mu Pub

Pub Mu Transverse Stiffeners, if Required

Enter Now

Vus Puc

Column Panel-Zone Location of Doubler Plates, if Required

Talk to your favorite fabricator, or consult chapter 3 of Design Guide 13 for more information on the cost of stiffener and doubler plates.
Comments? Questions? Visit us online at www.aisc.org/ASKAISC or contact us at solutions@aisc.org or toll free at 866.ASK.AISC

This spreadsheet has been prepared by AISC Marketing in accordance with recognized engineering principles and information made available to AISC at the time of its preparation. While it is believed to be accurate, it has not been prepared for conventional use as an engineering or construction document and should not be used or relied upon for any specific application without competent professional examination and verification of its accuracy, suitability and applicability by a licensed engineer, architect or other professional. AISC disclaims any liability arising from the unauthorized use of the information contained in this spreadsheet.

Project: Client: Engineer: Remarks:

Sample Project Client Senior Engineer Remarks on this connection evaluation

6/27/2013

Clean Columns V3.1 was developed to return the lightest column section which can be used without stiffeners and/or doubler plates to develop a specified percentage of a selected beam's plastic moment capacity, based on the criteria in AISC Design Guide Series #13. The design of the column for axial load capacity is not considered.

1) Verify the Following Assumptions: The effects of composite floor construction are not included in analysis Wind or low seismic applications (Structure is designed to meet the requirements in the LRFD Specification with no special seismic detailing) dm = d - tf (used to convert the beam moment into flange forces) Panel-zones remain nominally in the elastic range N = beam flange thickness (w = 0, ie. no reinforcing fillet weld included) Welded flange or flange plate connections only. May be overly conservative for end-plate moment connections 2) Provide the Following Parameters: Fyc = 50 ksi Column Specified Minimum Yield Strength Fyb = Vus = Puc = Pub = Mu = 50 ksi 45 kips 1200 kips Beam Specified Minimum Yield Strength Factored Column Story Shear Factored Column Axial Load
Transverse Stiffeners, if Required Vus

Puc Vus Column Mu Pub Beam/Girder Column Panel-Zone Location of Doubler Plates, if Required

Puc

5 kips Factored Beam Axial Load 80% of Mp Factored Bending Moment in Beams as a percentage of the Beam's Plastic Moment Strength 4) Choose a Connection Configuration: Beam Connected on One Side Only

3) Select a Beam using the pulldown menus below: Nominal Depth Beam Section 6) Beam Properties Mp = Mu = Puf = Vu = W24 W24x55 * Group 4 or 5 Shape

5) Verify the Connection Location: 503 kip-ft 402 kip-ft 212 kips 167 kips Plastic Moment Strength Factored Beam End Moment Factored Flange Force Factored Total Panel-Zone Shear Force 3.0 in Beams are not Connected Near the Top of the Column

7) Column Design Results:


Lightest W10 No Stiffener Plates Required No Doubler Plates Required No Stiffener Plates or Doubler Plates Required W10x77 -Lightest W12 W12x96 W12x120 Lightest W14 W14x120 W14x132 Lightest W16 W16x89 -Lightest W18 W18x97 W18x106 Keep in mind that columns larger than W14x426* may not be produced domestically. www.aisc.org

--

W12x120

W14x132

--

W18x106

This spreadsheet has been prepared in accordance with recognized engineering principles and information made available to AISC at the time of its preparation. While it is believed to be accurate, it has not been prepared for conventional use as an engineering or construction document and should not be used or relied upon for any specific application without competent professional examination and verification of its accuracy, suitability and applicability by a licensed engineer, architect or other professional. AISC disclaims any liability arising from the unauthorized use of the information contained in this document.

Project: Client: Engineer: Remarks:

Sample Project Client Senior Engineer Remarks on this connection evaluation

6/27/2013

Clean Column Design Calculations for a W14x398* Column


I) Force Transfer in Unreinforced Columns
A) Required Strength for Local Flange and Web Limit States Design for a W24x55 Beam with 80% of the Nominal Plastic Moment Strength (503 kip-ft) Transferred to the Column Mu = Pub = d= tf = 402 kip*ft 5 kips 23.57 in Factored Beam End Moment Factored Beam Axial Load Beam Depth Beam Flange Thickness Moment Arm between Flange Forces
Beam/Girder Transverse Stiffeners, if Required Puc V us Column Mu Pub

0.505 in dm = 23.065 in

d m=d t f
Puf = 212 kips Factored Beam Flange Force (tension or compression)

V us Puc

P uf =

Mu dm

Pu 2

Column Panel-Zone Location of Doubler Plates, if Required

Figure 1. Exterior Column

B) Required Strength for Panel-Zone Shear Moment Connected Beam on One Side Only Vus = 45 kips Factored Column Story Shear Vu = 167 kips Factored Total Panel Zone Shear Force For a column with only one moment connected beam

Puf

(Tension)

dm

Mu

P ub

V u= P uf V us
For a column with two moment connected beams

V u = 2P uf V us
II) Design Strength of an Unreinforced Column
Design Check for Column Section: W14x398* Fy = dtop = 50 ksi DNA Column Minimum Specified Steel Yield Strength Distance from the column end to the top flange of the beam(s)

Puf

(Compression)

tf /2

FIgure 2. Beam Flange Forces

A) Panel-Zone Shear Strength For Calculation Purposes, the behavior of the panel zone remains nominally within the elastic range. Puc = 1200 kips Factored Column Axial Load dc = 18.29 in Column Depth tw = A= Py = Rv = 1.77 in 117.0 in2 5850 kips Column web thickness Column Area Column Yield Strength

Vus Puf Vu P uf

P uf Vus

Puf

P y= F y A
874 kips Panel-Zone Shear Design Strength

For P u 0. 4P y For P u > 0.4P y


B) Local Flange Buckling tf = Ct = 2.85 in 1.0

Rv =0 .9x0.6F y d c t w
R v = 0 . 9x0. 6F y d c t w 1. 4

Figure 3. Panel-Zone Shear

Pu Py

Column Flange Thickness = 0.5 if the distance from the end of the column to the closer face of the beam tension flange is less than 10t f = 1.0 otherwise Local Flange Bending Design Strength

Rn =

2276 kips

R n= 0.9x6 .25t 2f F y xCt

C) Local Web Yielding For calculations purposes, no fillet weld or groove weld reinforcement was used. N= tw = dc = Ct = 0.505 in 1.77 in 18.29 in 1.0 Beam or flange plate thickness Column Web Thickness Column Depth = 0.5 if the distance from the end of the column to the closer face of the beam tension flange is less than d c = 1.0 otherwise Distance from the outside face of column flange to the web toe of the flange-to-web fillet Local Web Yielding Design Strength

k= Rn =

3.50 in 1593 kips

R n=1. 0x {C t ( 5k )+ N } xF y t w
D) Web Crippling For calculations purposes, no fillet weld or groove weld reinforcement was used. N= tw = dc = tf = Ct = 0.505 in 1.77 in 18.29 in 2.85 in 1.0 Beam or flange plate thickness (w=0 because no reinforcing welds are present) Column Web Thickness Column Depth Column Flange Thickness = 0.5 if the distance from the end of the column to the closer face of the beam tension flange is less than dc/2 = 1.0 otherwise = 3N/dc if the distance from the column end to the closer face of the beam tension flange is either: (1) greater than or equal to d c/2; or, (2) less than dc/2 and N/dc is less than or equal to 0.2.
Figure 4. Illustration of parameters N and W
N Reinforcing Fillet Weld W

Nd =

0.08

=
Rn = 2959 kips

4N 0. 2 otherwise dc

Web Crippling Design Strength

R n= 0 . 75 x 135C t t 2 w 1+ N d

{ ( ) }
tw
1.5

F yt f tw

tf

E) Compression Buckling of the Web Buckling is checked for a single compressive force applied at the column flange. tw = dc = k= Ct = 1.77 in 18.29 in 3.50 in 1.0 Column Web Thickness Column Depth Distance from the outside face of column flange to the web toe of the flange-to-web fillet = 0.5 if the distance from the end of the column to the closer face of the beam tension flange is less than dc/2 = 1.0 otherwise Zone of column web subject to compression buckling (out-of-plane)

h=

11.29 in

h = d c 2k
Rn = 12816 kips Compression Buckling Design Strength

R n= 0.90 x
III) Column Design Summary:

4100C t t 3 w F y h
W14x398*
Panel-Zone Shear Strength, Rv =

A) Doubler Plates Required if V u> Rv Factored Total Panel Zone Shear Force, Vu = 167 kips 874 kips

No Doubler Plates are Required. 19% of Column Capacity B) Stiffener Plates are Required if P uf > Rn Local Flange Bending Design Strength = Local Web Yielding Design Strength = Web Crippling Design Strength = Compression Buckling Design Strength = Factored Beam Flange Force, Puf = 212 kips Rn = 2276 kips 1593 kips 2959 kips 12816 kips 1593 kips

No Stiffener Plates are Required. 13% of Column Capacity

Designation W18x311* W18x283* W18x258* W18x234* W18x211* W18x192 W18x175 W18x158 W18x143 W18x130 W18x119 W18x106 W18x97 W18x86 W18x76 W18x71 W18x65 W18x60 W18x55 W18x50 W18x46 W18x40 W18x35

A in2 91.5 83.2 75.9 68.8 62.1 56.4 51.3 46.3 42.1 38.2 35.1 31.1 28.5 25.3 22.3 20.8 19.1 17.6 16.2 14.7 13.5 11.8 10.3

d in. 22.32 21.85 21.46 21.06 20.67 20.35 20.04 19.72 19.49 19.25 18.97 18.73 18.59 18.39 18.21 18.47 18.35 18.24 18.11 17.99 18.06 17.9 17.7

h 15.45 15.48 15.46 15.56 15.55 15.48 15.54 15.47 15.49 15.50 15.47 15.48 15.47 15.52 15.46 15.47 15.48 15.49 15.49 15.49 15.56 15.53 15.45

tw in. 1.52 1.4 1.28 1.16 1.06 0.96 0.89 0.81 0.73 0.67 0.655 0.59 0.535 0.48 0.425 0.495 0.45 0.415 0.39 0.355 0.36 0.315 0.3

tf in. 2.74 2.5 2.3 2.11 1.91 1.75 1.59 1.44 1.32 1.2 1.06 0.94 0.87 0.77 0.68 0.81 0.75 0.695 0.63 0.57 0.605 0.525 0.425

k in. 3 7/16 3 3/16 3 2 3/ 4 2 9/16 2 7/16 2 1/ 4 2 1/ 8 2 1 7/ 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3/ 4 5/ 8 9/16 7/16 3/ 8 1/ 2 7/16 3/ 8 5/16 1/ 4

PZ Shear Str. Rv (kips) 916 826 742 660 592 514 449 380 319 269 240 187 150 108 68 61 32 7 -16 -40 -66 -97 -133

LFB Rn (kips) 2112 1758 1488 1252 1026 861 711 583 490 405 316 249 213 167 130 185 158 136 112 91 103 78 51

LWY Rn (kips) 1345 1151 992 827 706 609 523 451 383 331 303 255 222 185 157 198 173 153 138 120 122 101 92

WC Rn (kips) 2283 1930 1618 1337 1113 918 782 647 529 444 406 327 272 217 170 233 194 166 144 119 125 95 81

CBW Rn (kips) 5933 4627 3539 2617 1999 1492 1184 896 655 506 474 346 258 186 130 205 154 120 100 75 78 53 46

Rn kips 1345 1151 992 827 706 609 523 451 383 331 303 249 213 167 130 185 154 120 100 75 78 53 46

Rn kips 916 826 742 660 592 514 449 380 319 269 240 187 150 108 68 61 32 7 -16 -40 -66 -97 -133

Rn kips 916 826 742 660 592 514 449 380 319 269 240 187 150 108 68 61 32 7 -16 -40 -66 -97 -133

Py kips 4575 4160 3795 3440 3105 2820 2565 2315 2105 1910 1755 1555 1425 1265 1115 1040 955 880 810 735 675 590 515

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