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# QUESTION

MARKS OUTCOME

QUESTION 1:
a) Express 3 531

as a fraction in simplest form and show all working.

b) Evaluate
2 2
3.24 2.1
36 2.1

+
correct to 3 significant figures.

c) Increase \$159 by 8% then decrease that by 6%.

d) If
( )
2 2
1
3
k m v u = find the value of m correct to 2 decimal places
when k =724, v =142 and u =7.8

e) Evaluate 6 4 3 2

f) Calculate
3
8
2 2
) 10 84 . 3 (
) 10 76 . 1 (

correct to 3 significant figures.

QUESTION 2:
a) If
27 + 12 = A
, find A.

b) Expand and simplify
( )
2 3 3 3 6

c) Rationalise the denominator
10
2 2
giving an exact answer in simplest
form.

d) Find the exact value of
3 2
2 1 t t + when 2 5 t = .

e) Show that
3 2 2 3
3 2 2 3

+
can be expressed in the form
a +b 6 and find a and b.

f) Simplify
2 1
5 2 5 2

+

2

2

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

2

P3

QUESTION
MARKS OUTCOME

QUESTION 3:
a) Expand and simplify: (5x +2y)(3x 4y)

b) Simplify
4 2
2
2

+
x
x
x
x

c) Simplify
3 2
2 3
1 m m m
x x x x
+ +

and write the answer in simplest form.

d) Factorise the following expressions fully:
i)
3
8 27d
ii)
2 2 2 2
mx my nx ny +

e) Factorise the following expressions fully:
i)
2
5 14 x x
ii)
2
( 1) 16 x

g) Expand
( )
3
2 x

a) Solve
QUESTION 4:
i)
2
2
3 2
a a +
=
ii) 6( 1) 3( 8) y y = +

b) Solve x
2
6x +7=0 correct to 2 decimal places.

c) Solve 15 4 3 x +

d) Solve simultaneously 3x +2y -2 =0 and 2x y +8 =0

e) Solve simultaneously
2
6x y = and 5 6 0 y x + =

2

2

3

1

2

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

3

P3

QUESTION
MARKS OUTCOME

QUESTION 5:
a) Find the exact value of tan( 150 )

b) If
7
tan
8
= and cos 0 < , find the exact value of cosec

c) A vertical pole on level ground is supported by two wires PT
and QT, of unequal length and are connected to its top. PT is
12 m long and is inclined at 48
o
15 m long.
to the horizontal and QT is

i) Copy the diagram and mark the relevant
information on it.
ii) Find the height of the pole ST. (correct to 1
decimal place)
iii) Find the angle at which QT is inclined to the
horizontal.
(correct to the nearest degree)
d) A surveyor takes bearings and measurements from a point M to
determine the distance across a lake XY.

X is 1200 m from M on a bearing of 340
o
and Y is 1500 m
from M on a bearing of 060
o
i) Copy the diagram and mark the relevant
.
information on it.
ii) Find the distance XY across the lake to the
nearest metre.
iii) Hence or otherwise find the bearing of Y from X

2

2

1

2

2

1

2

3

P4

T
Q S P
NOT TO
SCALE
Y
X
M
NOT TO
SCALE
QUESTION
MARKS OUTCOME

QUESTION 5: continued
e) Determine the area of this triangle correct to 2 decimal places.

f) Two yachts are both due east of a lighthouse, which is on top of
a cliff. The angle of elevation from Yacht A is 37

and from
Yacht B 23

## . It is known that Yacht A is exactly 300m from

the lighthouse.

Find the distance from the ship B to the lighthouse correct to the
nearest metre.

g) Determine the value of x if cos(2 20) sin( 10) x x = +

h) Mohammed starts at town A, walks 3 kilometres due South turns and
then walks 7 kilometres due East and reaches town B. What is the bearing
of town A from town B.

1

2

2

3

P4

126
12.6 m
9.7m
NOT TO
SCALE
A B
300m x

2011 PRELIMINARY MATHEMATICS HALF
YEARLYSOLUTIONS
a.
Question 1
=

3.531 3.5313131
Let = 3.5313131 x
=
=
=
=
=
| |
=
|
\ .
100 353.13131
3.53131
99 349.6
349.6
99
3496
990
1748 263
3
495 495
x
x
x
x

b.

= =
+
2 2
3.24 2.1
0.9862422887 0.986
36 2.1

c. \$161.42
d.
( )
=
2 2
1
3
K m v u
( )
( )
=
=
=
=
2 2
1
724 14.2 7.8
3
2172 140.8
2172
140.8
15.43
m
m
m

e. = = 2 3 4 6 2 7 6 8
f. =
1
42.61787.... 4.26 10

a.
Question 2
+ = 27 12 A
+ = +
=
=
=
27 12 3 3 2 3
5 3
75
75 A

b.
( )
= 2 3 3 3 6 18 2 18
= 18 6 2
c. = = =
2 2 10 2 20 4 5 2 5
10 10 5
10 10

d.
( ) ( )
+ = +
3 2
3 2
2 1 2 5 2 2 5 1 t t

= +
=
8 5 5 2 4 5 1
40 5 39

e.
+
=

+
3 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 18 12 6 12
18 12
3 2 2 3 3 2 2 3

=
=
30 12 6
6
5 2 6

= = 5, 2 a b
f.
( ) ( )
+
=

+
2 5 2 1 5 2
2 1
5 4
5 2 5 2
= 10 2 2 5 2

a.
Question 3
( )( ) + = +
2 2
5 2 3 4 15 20 6 8 x y x y x xy xy y
=
2 2
15 14 8 x xy y
b.
( )
( )( )
+ +
+ =
+
2
2 2
2
2 4 2 2
x x x
x x
x x x x

( )( )
( )( )
+ +
=
+
+
=
+
2
2
2 4
2 2
2 5
2 2
x x x
x x
x x
x x

c.
( )
( )
( )( ) + +
+ +
=
+
2
3 2
2 3
1 1 1
1
1 1
m m x x x
m m m
x x x x x x m

( )( )
( )
( )
+
=

= +
2
2
1 1
1 1
1
m x x
x
m x

d. i)
( ) =
3
3 3
8 27 2 3 d d

( )( )
= + +
2
2 3 4 6 9 d d d
ii)
( ) ( )
+ = + +
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
mx my nx ny m x y n x y

( )( ) = +
2 2
x y m n
e. i) ( )( ) = +
2
5 14 7 2 x x x x
ii)
( ) ( ) =
2 2
2
1 16 1 4 x x

( ) ( )
( )( )
( ( = +

= +
1 4 1 4
5 3
x x
x x

f. ( ) ( )( )
= +
3
2
2 2 4 4 x x x x

= + +
= +
3 2 2
3 2
4 4 2 8 8
6 12 8
x x x x x
x x x

a. i)
Question 4
+
=
2
2
3 2
a a

( ) + =
+ =
=
=
2 2 3 12
2 4 3 12
4 12
16
a a
a a
a
a

ii) ( ) ( ) = + 6 1 3 8 y y

= +
=
=
=
6 6 3 24
3 6 24
3 30
10
y y
y
y
y

b. + =
2
6 7 0 x x

( )

=

=

=
+
=
=
2
2
4
2
6 6 4 1 7
2
6 8
2
6 8 6 8
,
2 2
4.41, 1.59
b b ac
x
a

c. + 15 4 3 x
+

3 15 4 3
18 4 12
1
4 3
2
x
x
x

d. + = 3 7 2 x y
( ) =
=
+ + =
=
=
=
2 8 2
4 2 16
3 2 2
7 14
2
4
x y
x y
x y
x
x
y

e. = = +
2
6 5 6 y x y x
( )( )
= +
+ =
+ =
= =
= =
2
2
6 5 6
6 5 6 0
3 2 2 3 0
2 3
,
3 2
8 27
3 2
x x
x x
x x
x x
y y

a.
Question 5
( ) = tan 150 tan30
=
1
3

b. = <
7
tan , cos 0
8

x
7
8

= +
= +
=
=
2 2 2
7 8
49 64
113
113
x
x

=
=
1
cosec =-
sin
1
7
113
113
7

c. i)
T
15 m
12 m
48
0
h

S
Q
P

ii) = sin48
12
h

=
=
12 sin48
8.9 m
h

iii) =
8.9
sin
15

= 36
d. i )
X
M
Y
N
1500m
1200m
20
0
60
0
20
0

N

ii)
= +
2 2 2
1200 1500 2 1200 1500 cos80 XY
= 1751 XY
iii)

1500 1751
sin sin80

=

=
=
sin sin80
1500 1751
1500 sin80
sin
1751
58

Bearing is ( ) + 180 58 20
= 102
e. =
1
sin
2
A ab C

=
=
2
1
12.6 9.7 sin126
2
49.44 m

f. i)
37
0
143
0
x
23
0
300 m
A B
ii) =

300
sin143 sin23
x

=

=
300 sin143
sin23
462 m
x

g. ( ) ( ) = + cos 2 20 sin 10 x x

+ + =
=
=
=
2 20 10 90
3 10 90
3 100
1
33
3
x x
x
x
x

h.

A
B
3km
7km

N
N

=
=
3
tan
7
23

Bearing is + = 270 23 293