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LESSON PLAN School Subject Grade/Semester Time Allocation : SMP Negeri 1 Malang : Mathematics : VIII/Even : 2 x 40 minutes

COMPETENCE STANDARD 4. Determining the elements and parts of circle and this measurement. BASIC COMPETENCE 4.4 Calculate the length of a common tangent of two circles INDICATORS 1. Determine the properties of angles that formed by tangent lines and the lines that passing on the center point 2. To drawing two tangent lines of circle which passes one point outside the circle and calculate the length of tangent lines that. 3. To calculate the length of a tangent of a point outside a circle. 4. Determine the area of tangent kites. INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES 1. Students are able determine the properties of angles that formed by tangent lines and the lines that passing on the centre point 2. Students are able identify that passes one point at the circle only can be made one tangent line at the circle 3. Students are able calculate the length of a tangent of a point outside a circle 4. Students are able determine the area of tangent kites. CHARACTERISTIC BUILDING 1. Cooperative 4. Careful 2. Courageous 5. Creative 3. Smart 6. Assiduous INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL 1. A tangent lines of circle Look at the Figure 1.1! The circle centered at O, diameter AB perpendicular with diameter CD (line k). if k move aside to right parallel with k then

At k2 position which intersect the circle at 2 points (points G and H) with k2 OB

At k3 position which intersect the circle at 1 point, there is point B (to passes through at B) Therefore line k3 called tangent line of circle. Figure 2. Constructing Tangent Lines to a Circle 1.1 a. Constructing a Tangent Line Passing Through a Point on the Circle Constructing a tangent line passing through a point A on a circle means constructing a line passing through the point A and perpendicular to the radius OA. The step for constructing the tangent line are as follows Construct the circle centered at O and a point A lying on the circle!

A

Extend the radius OA!

Construct two arcs of a circle centered at A (with radius of less than OA) which intersect OA and its extension at points B and C!

Construct two arcs for each of two circles of equal radius, one centered at B and the other at C, such that an arc of one circle intersects an arc of the other circle at points D and E (the radii of the two circles must be greater than BC)

Join the point R to the point S to obtain a line DE. The line DE is the line tangent to the circle centered at O.

For each point on a circle, only one tangent line passing through that point can be constructed

b. Constructing a Tangent Line Passing Through a Point outside the Circle B Look at the Picture beside! Constructing a line tangent to a circle AB and passing through a point A outside the circle O means constructing a line AB which is perpendicular to the radius OB. Since AB , ABO must be a right angle which is

AOB to be a right angle, construct a circle passing through the

points O, A, and B with OA as its diameter. Remember that the angle opposite to the diameter measures 900. The step for constructing the tangent line are as follows Construct the circle centered at O, and a point A outside the circle!

Join the two points O and A!

Construct two arcs for each of two circles of equal radius, one centered at O and the other at A, such that an arc of one circle intersects an arc of the other circle at points B and C (the radii of the two circles must be greater than OA)

Join the two points B and C to obtain a line which bisects OA at a point D!

Construct a circle which has D as its center and DA as its radius such that is intersects the circle centered at O at points E and F

Join the point A to the points E and F to obtain a line AE and AF which are the tangent lines to the circle centered at O.

Two lines tangent to a circle and passing through the same point outside that circle can be constructed. 3. The Length of a Tangent Line Drawn from a Point Look at the Figure follow!

The line AB is a line which is tangent to the circle at point B. As we have seen previously, the line AB must be perpendicular to the line OB. Thus, OAB is a right triangle.

Since the triangle OAB has right angle at B:

Thus, the length of the tangent line 4. The Kite of Tangent Lines In Figure beside, PA and PB are tangent lines to a circle centered at O. the line AB is a chord. In OAB, OA = OB = radius

Thus, OAB is an isosceles triangle In ABP, PA = PB = radius ABP is an isosceles triangle

Thus,

The quadrilateral OAPB is formed from a combination of the two isosceles triangles OAB and ABP whose bases AB are coincident; thus, the quadrilateral OAPB is akite. Since the side of the kite OAPB consist of two radial line segment and two tangent lines to the circle, the quadrilateral OAPB is called the kite of tangent lines. Area of kite OAPB = 2 x area of OAP

Or Area of kite OAPB = x OP x AB = x d1 x d2

TEACHING AND LEARNING MANAGEMENT Model : Direct Learning Method : Expository, Catechizing, and Assignment TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES No 1 Teacher activity Students activity that are expected Introduction (10 minutes) REACT PBL

Apperception Teacher greets the students and check the attendance Teacher tells to the students what will be studied today that is about tangent line Teacher recalls the material on the previous that be connected with tangent line of circle. Motivation Teacher motivates students with tells the using of tangent lines in our life 2

Students answer teachers greeting (Smart) Students pay attention to what teachers talking about (Assiduous) Students recalls about Pythagorean theorem and Circle. (Smart)

Relating

Students orientate to problem

Students pay attention to what teachers talking about (Assiduous) Main Activity (60 minutes) Students pay attention to what teachers talking about. (Assiduous) Students analyzes the problem that had been given with teacher about tangent line. (Creative) Students start to do the activity 1 and discussed it with their friends. (Cooperative) Students do the problem that had been given with teacher. (Smart) Students move to their groups (Careful) Students pay attention to the teacher explanation(Assiduous) Students accept the worksheet and read the procedure(Careful) Students start to do the worksheet 1 and discussed it with their groups(Cooperative)

Relating

Exploration Teacher gives problem to students about tangent line of circle in daily life. Teacher gives activity 1 about tangent line to students

Experienc ing

Students organize to study

Teacher gives problem about tangent line to students Elaboration Teacher asks students to make a groups which each group consist of 4-5 persons Teacher explains to all groups about the time limit of work Teacher gives worksheet 1 about tangent line in each group Teacher gives opportunity to each groups to solve the problem, that is about tangent lines. Teacher facilitates the students if they have any problem Confirmation

Applying

Cooperati ng

To improve and presenting the product

Do a reflection

Transferri ng

Adinawan, Cholik & Sugijono. 2009. MATH for Junior High School 2nd semester, Grade VIII. Jakarta: Erlangga. Nuharini, D & Wahyuni, T. 2008. Matematika Konsep dan Aplikasinya Untuk SMP/MTs Kelas VIII. Jakarta: Pusat perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (BSE) ASSESSMENT Type : Test Form : Essay Question Approved by, Mathematics Teacher, Malang,.. 2012 Practitioner,

Completed the problem at bellow! I.

Line g that through at the center point O and PQ is a diameter of circle. a. What is the lines that passed through two points on the circle?.................................................................... ................................................... g b. What is the lines that passed through one point on the circle?.................................................................... .....................................................

The lines that passed through one point on the circle in is called tangent lines of circle, so give conclusion about that problem!

II.

A Q

How many perpendicular line that can you make to passed through in point A? (Draw the line!)........................................................

III.

IV.

Look at the picture beside. How many lines passed through in point A which perpendicular with OA? (Draw the line!)........................................................................ .............................................................................. Make a conclusion in problem number 3th! From problem number 1,2,3, conclude about properties of tangen lines!

Constructing a tangent lines of circle 1. Constructing a tangent line passing through a point on the circle The number of tangent lines that can you make to passing through a point on the circle isand the position tangent lines.with diameter. Based on that expalanation, construct a tangent line passing through a point on the circle!

2. Look at the picture below!

A C

a.

r
B

Mention a tangent lines of the circle which centered at O! b. Find the length of tangent lines of the circle which centered at O and radius r!

What is the conclusion about the study of tangent line passing through a point outside the circle?

Member of group

: 1. 2. 3. 4.

3. Constructing a tangent lines of circle Constructing a tangent line passing through a point outside the circle.

4. In the figure beside, LM is a tangent line to a circle. The measure of find the value of a!
M L N K

5.

O
P

Look at the figure beside! The figure at above is a square. The sides of the square are tangent lines of the circle. If OP=5cm, find the length of: a. The side of square b. The diagonal of square c. The length of all tangent lines

6.

B
In the figure beside, the area of the kite OBAC=1.000cm2, the length of BC=40cm, and the length of the radius OB=30cm. Find the length of OA and the length of tangent line AB!