Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 23

B5121144

( Ethylene : C2H4)
petrochemical industry -59.4 C -73.3C 4.4 atm 7.8 atm
polyethylene, ethyleneoxide ,ethylbenzene,
ethylchloride ,ethanol,ethylglycol (Propane : C3H8)

52C 10 atm
pyrolysis 1.72 atm 750C
( Endothermic Reaction) (Gas phase)
(no catalyst) conversion 90 % Irreversible reaction
equilibrium Heat of reaction +81 kJ/mol
continuous flow process
130,000 /
99.97% polyethylene
24,000 / 28,000 29,000 / multiproduct plants 2.8
(no slurries)(no fouling)
1
Gas feed
Table 1 : Gas feed stream
Component,

Specification , wt%

Propane
Ethane
n-Butane
Isobutane
Methane

95
2.5
1.9
0.3
0.3

Reactant gas feed


reactor

Table 2 :
polyethylene
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Item
Ethylene Content , %(v/v)
Methane and ethane , %(v/v)
C3 and above , mL/m3
Carbon monoxide , mL/m3
Carbon dioxide , mL/m3
Oxygen , mL/m3
Acetylene , mL/m3
Sulphur , mg/kg
Water , mL/m3
Hydrogen , mL/m3
Methanol , mg/kg

Premium grade
99.95
0.05
10
1
5
1
5
1
1
5
5

Table 3 : Destination Codes


Component
Hydrogen
Methane
Ethylene
Ethane
Propylene
Propane
Mixed C4
Pyrolysis gasoline
Fuel oil

Classification
Gas Byproduct
Gas impurity
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Product
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct

Destination Codes
Vent
Vent
Primary Product I
Recycle
Primary Product II
Recycle
Variable Byproduct I
Variable Byproduct II
Fuel

Table 4 : Ethylene

130,000 /

Basis : Liquid feed rate of 100 tpy and steady state process

Component

Input(tpy)

Output(tpy)

Input(tpy)

Output(tpy)

Hydrogen

1.337

5,000

Methane

0.3

24.055

1,110

89,300

Ethylene

35.020

130,000

Ethane

2.5

5.279

9,290

19,600

Propylene

14.006

52,000

Propane

95

9.508

352,000

35,300

Mixed C4

2.2

3.826

8,000

14,500

Pyrolysis gasoline

5.793

21,500

Fuel oil

0.846

3,200

Total

100

100

370,400

370,400

Table 5 : Typical Pyrolysis Yields of Ethylene Plant Feed stocks (in mass percent): Light
Paraffins ( Pure compounds)
Ethane

Propane

n-Butane

Isobutane

Conversion (%)

60

90

95

92

H2

3.55

1.29

1.0

1.39

CH4

4.2

24.7

21.8

23.5

C2H2

0.25

0.33

0.4

0.46

C2H4

48.2

34.5

35.8

10.3

C2H6

40.0

4.4

5.1

0.73

C3H4

0.02

0.34

0.55

2.46

C3H6

1.11

13.96

16.4

21.2

C3H8

0.17

10.0

0.15

0.33

C4H6

1.07

2.65

3.4

1.94

C4H8

0.21

1.0

1.7

16.7

C4H10

0.27

0.05

5.0

8.0

C5 s

0.27

1.81

1.65

2.12

C6H6

0.48

2.2

2.58

3.42

C7H8

0.06

0.448

1.12

1.51

C8H8

0.45

0.67

C6 -C8 PON

0.14

1.44

1.2

3.18

Fuel oil

0.85

1.7

1.99

Table 6

:
Compositions

Classification

Hydrogen
Methane
Ethylene
Ethane
Acetylene
Propylene
Propane
Propadiene
Isobutane
1-Butene
n-Butane
1,3-Butadiene
C5 S
Benzene
Toluene
Styrene
Heavy Gasoline C6-C8 PON
Fuel oil

Gas by product
Gas impurity
Liquid product
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid byproduct
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Reactant
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct
Liquid Byproduct

Normal boiling point


(C)
-253
-161.6
-103.7
-88.7
-83.8
-47.7
-42.1
-34
-11.2
-6.3
-0.5
10.8
36
80.1
110.6
145
218
371

Table 7 : (Basis : 100 tpy of feed)


Ethane

Propane

n-Butane

Isobutane

Feed

2.5

95

1.9

0.3

H2

0.08875

1.2255

0.019

0.0042

CH4

0.105

23.465

0.4142

0.0705

C2H2

0.00625

0.3135

0.0076

0.0014

C2H4

1.205

32.775

0.6802

0.0309

C2H6

4.18

0.0969

0.0022

C3H4

0.0005

0.323

0.01045

0.0074

C3H6

0.02775

13.262

0.3116

0.0636

C3H8

0.00425

9.5

0.00285

0.0010

C4H6

0.02675

2.5175

0.0646

0.0058

C4H8

0.00525

0.95

0.0323

0.0501

C4H10

0.00675

0.0475

0.095

0.0240

C5 s

0.00675

1.7195

0.03135

0.0064

C6H6

0.012

2.09

0.04902

0.0103

C7H8

0.0015

0.4256

0.02128

0.0045

C8H8

0.00855

0.0020

C6 -C8 PON

0.0035

1.368

0.0228

0.0095

Fuel oil

0.8075

0.0323

0.0060

Total

2.5

95

1.9

0.3

Vent (H2,CH4)
Primary product I (C2H4)
Feed

Primary product I (C3H6)


Variable Byproduct I (Mixed C4)
Variable Byproduct II (Pyrolysis gasoline)
Fuel

Figure 1 : Block Flow Diagram for ethylene process from propane

1. Reactor Feed Preparation


pyrolysis (stream cracking)


(Addition of heat carrier) 0.45
750 C 1.72 atm

Steam
1.72 atm 750C
Propane (liquid)
10 atm 52 C

Reactor Feed
Preparation
Propane
1.72 atm 750 C
Liquid recycle
2 atm 50C

Figure 2 : Block Flow Diagram for the Reactor Feed Preparation

E-103
Vaporizer

H-104
Heater

Steam
2

Propane
1

E-101
H-101
22

Figure 3 : Process Flow Diagram of Reactor Feed Preparation

2. Reactor

1 Heat
carrier irreversible reaction (Endothermic
Reaction) Isothermal
R-101
Reactor

R-101

Figure 4 : Process Flow Diagram of Reactor


3. Phase Separation

750C
1.72 atm

50 oC cooling water
Gas
Product
1.72 atm 750 C

Phase
Separation
Liquid

Figure 5 : Block Flow Diagram for the Phase Separation

E-102
Cooling

T-101
Products
Separation

C-101
Compressor

T-102
Gas
Separation

E-103
Cooling

V-101
Liquid product
Drum
Gas
9

C-101

E-103
T-102

E-102

10

T-101

11

V-101

Figure 6 : Process Flow Diagram of Phase Separation

4. Separation

stream 6 stream
Stream no.
A

Component
Ethylene

Volatility,K
0.48

Reiative volatility,
1.37

Ethane

0.35
4.48

Propylene

0.078
1.15

Propane

0.068
14.468

Mixed C4 + Pyrolysis

0.0047

Fuel oil

stream A C
primary product

DE = 14.47 stream D stream E

5 column , 42 sequence

T-103
Propane
Distillator

T-104
Ethane
Distillator

T-106
Ethylene
Distillator

T-105
Mixed C4
Distillator

T-107
Propylene
Distillator
Ethylene

18

AB

14

T-106

B
19

Ethane

Propylene

ABCD

20

12

T-104

CD
15

ABCDEF
11

T-107
Mixed C4
16

21

T-103

EF

13

Fuel oil

T-105

17

Figure 7 : Process Flow Diagram of Separation

Propane

E-101
Vaporizer

H-101
Heater

R-101
Reactor

E-102
Cooling

C-101
T-101
Products Compressor
Separation

E-103
Cooling

T-102
Gas
Separation

V-101
Liquid product
Drum

T-103
Propane
Distillator

T-104
Ethane
Distillator

T-105
Mixed C4
Distillator

T-106
Ethylene
Distillator

T-107
Propylene
Distillator

M-101
Mixer

Gas

18

Ethylene

C-101 E-103
T-102

Steam

14

T-106
19
Propane

E-101

12

10

E-102

H-101

Ethane

20

T-101

R-101

T-104
8
15

11

22

M-101

V-101

T-107

T-103

21

16

Propane
Mixed C4

13

T-105
17

Figure 8 : Process Flow Diagram

Ethylene

Fuel oil

Propylene

Table 8 : Flow Summary for the Ethylene Process shown in figure 8


Stream No.
1
2
Stream Name
steam
from reactor
Temp C
102.9192
750.0000*
Pres psia
14.6959*
25.2770*
Enth kJ/h
-1.0442E+009
-7.3381E+008
Vapor mole fraction 1.0000E-008*
1.0000
Total kmol/h
3727.4493
5733.7345
Total kg/h
67150.0000
113856.0011
Total std L m3/h
67.1501
195.6707
Total std V m3/h
83545.73
128513.90
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
0.0000
627.0000
Methane
0.0000
11269.0001
Ethylene
0.0000
16250.0000
Ethane
0.0000
2473.0000
Acetylene
0.0000
154.0000
Propylene
0.0000
6402.0001
Propane
0.0000
4454.0002
Propadiene
0.0000
160.0000
Isobutane
0.0000
17.0000
1-Butene
0.0000
486.0000
N-Butane
0.0000
81.0000
1,3-Butadiene
0.0000
1225.0000
N-Pentane
0.0000
826.0000
Benzene
0.0000
1013.0000
Toluene
0.0000
212.0000
Styrene
0.0000
5.0000
N-Octane
0.0000
656.0000
N-Decane
0.0000
396.0000
Water
67150.0000
67150.0000

3
feed
52.0000*
146.9594*
-1.0945E+008
1.0000
1062.3310
46300.0018
92.1071
23810.71

4
feed
40.6409
25.2770
-1.0945E+008
1.0000
1062.3310
46300.0018
92.1071
23810.71

0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
1160.0000
0.0000
0.0000
44000.0014
0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
860.0002
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
1160.0000
0.0000
0.0000
44000.0014
0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
860.0002
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Stream No.
5
6
Stream Name
gas product
feed
Temp C
-22.8456
-28.0756
Pres psia
14.6959
25.2770
Enth kJ/h
-4.0119E+007
-1.1464E+008
Vapor mole fraction
0.99035
1.0000
Total kmol/h
2008.3176
1062.3310
Total kg/h
46742.6016
46300.0018
Total std L m3/h
128.5572
92.1071
Total std V m3/h
45013.72
23810.71
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
627.0000
0.0000
Methane
11269.0000
140.0000
Ethylene
16250.0000
0.0000
Ethane
2473.0000
1160.0000
Acetylene
153.9973
0.0000
Propylene
6402.0000
0.0000
Propane
4454.0002
44000.0014
Propadiene
159.9994
0.0000
Isobutane
17.0000
140.0000
1-Butene
486.0000
0.0000
N-Butane
81.0000
860.0002
1,3-Butadiene
1225.0000
0.0000
N-Pentane
826.0000
0.0000
Benzene
1012.9914
0.0000
Toluene
211.9991
0.0000
Styrene
5.0000
0.0000
N-Octane
655.9970
0.0000
N-Decane
395.9980
0.0000
Water
36.6382
0.0000

7
feed
750.0000
25.2770
-8.1122E+008
1.0000
4789.7804
113450.0005
159.2572
107356.45

8
feed
-10.0000
25.2770
-1.1138E+009
0.35026
5733.7345
113856.0011
195.6707
128513.90

0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
1160.0000
0.0000
0.0000
44000.0014
0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
860.0002
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
67150.0000

627.0000
11269.0001
16250.0000
2473.0000
154.0000
6402.0001
4454.0002
160.0000
17.0000
486.0000
81.0000
1225.0000
826.0000
1013.0000
212.0000
5.0000
656.0000
396.0000
67150.0000

Stream No.
9
Stream Name
gas product
Temp C
-140.0000
Pres psia
14.6959
Enth kJ/h
-6.6978E+007
Vapor mole fraction
0.45821
Total kmol/h
2008.3176
Total kg/h
46742.6016
Total std L m3/h
128.5572
Total std V m3/h
45013.72
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
627.0000
Methane
11269.0000
Ethylene
16250.0000
Ethane
2473.0000
Acetylene
153.9973
Propylene
6402.0000
Propane
4454.0002
Propadiene
159.9994
Isobutane
17.0000
1-Butene
486.0000
N-Butane
81.0000
1,3-Butadiene
1225.0000
N-Pentane
826.0000
Benzene
1012.9914
Toluene
211.9991
Styrene
5.0000
N-Octane
655.9970
N-Decane
395.9980
Water
36.6382

10
gas product
-10.0000
25.2770
-3.8376E+007
1.0000
2008.3181
46742.6122
128.5572
45013.73
627.0000
11269.0000
16250.0000
2473.0000
153.9973
6402.0000
4454.0002
159.9994
17.0000
486.0000
81.0000
1225.0000
826.0000
1012.9936
212.0000
5.0000
656.0000
396.0000
36.6382

11
12
liquid product
feed
-10.0000
60.8974
25.2770
25.2770
-1.0754E+009 -1.1588E+009
0.00000
0.24622
3725.4166
4789.7804
67113.3924
113450.0005
67.1135
159.2572
83500.17
107356.45
0.0000
0.0047
0.0116
0.0011
0.0028
0.0010
0.0001
0.0006
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0001
0.0000
0.0065
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
67113.3641

0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
1160.0000
0.0000
0.0000
44000.0014
0.0000
140.0000
0.0000
860.0002
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
67150.0000

Stream No.
13
Stream Name
gas vent
Temp C
-140.0000
Pres psia
14.6959
Enth kJ/h
-4.6840E+007
Vapor mole fraction
1.0000
Total kmol/h
920.2255
Total kg/h
10766.9575
Total std L m3/h
42.3437
Total std V m3/h
20625.61
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
626.8231
Methane
9291.0778
Ethylene
807.0971
Ethane
36.8024
Acetylene
1.3625
Propylene
2.6672
Propane
1.1071
Propadiene
0.0101
Isobutane
0.0003
1-Butene
0.0037
N-Butane
0.0003
1,3-Butadiene
0.0070
N-Pentane
0.0001
Benzene
0.0000
Toluene
0.0000
Styrene
0.0000
N-Octane
0.0000
N-Decane
0.0000
Water
0.0000

14
liquid product
-140.0000
14.6959
-2.0138E+007
0.00000
1088.0925
35975.6405
86.2134
24388.12
0.1770
1977.9183
15442.8907
2436.1972
152.6348
6399.3317
4452.8928
159.9893
16.9997
485.9963
80.9996
1224.9929
826.0000
1012.9913
211.9991
5.0000
655.9970
395.9980
36.6381

15
liquid product
-85.1600
14.6959
-1.0955E+009
0.22563
4813.5089
103089.0223
153.3269
107888.29

16
liquid product
-85.1600
14.6959
-1.0955E+009
0.22563
4813.5085
103089.0152
153.3269
107888.28

0.1770
1977.9228
15442.9013
2436.1981
152.6375
6399.3330
4452.8924
159.9900
16.9997
485.9963
80.9996
1224.9930
826.0000
1012.9977
211.9991
5.0000
655.9970
395.9979
67150.0000

0.1770
1977.9230
15442.8995
2436.1979
152.6375
6399.3330
4452.8933
159.9899
16.9997
485.9963
80.9996
1224.9931
826.0000
1012.9980
211.9991
5.0000
655.9970
395.9979
67150.0000

Stream No.
17
Stream Name
ABCD
Temp C
-114.4393
Pres psia
30.0000
Enth kJ/h
-1.3755E+007
Vapor mole fraction
0.00000
Total kmol/h
1039.7781
Total kg/h
33286.9611
Total std L m3/h
82.0717
Total std V m3/h
23305.22
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
0.0861
Methane
1625.6829
Ethylene
15416.3289
Ethane
2435.5992
Acetylene
152.9140
Propylene
6399.5018
Propane
4452.8817
Propadiene
159.9926
Isobutane
16.9996
1-Butene
485.9610
N-Butane
80.9580
1,3-Butadiene
1224.6265
N-Pentane
826.0000
Benzene
0.0000
Toluene
0.0000
Styrene
0.0000
N-Octane
0.0000
N-Decane
0.0000
Water
9.4291

18
AB
-121.3695
30.0000
4.0458E+005
0.00000
731.8741
19477.0119
56.2988
16403.97
0.0861
1625.6829
15416.3289
2434.8686
0.0459
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

19
CD
-18.7708
40.0000
-1.1754E+007
0.00000
307.9041
13809.9502
25.7729
6901.25

20
A
-123.8846
30.0000
8.9112E+006
0.00000
650.7584
17038.2051
49.4557
14585.87

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.7307
152.8681
6399.5018
4452.8817
159.9926
16.9996
485.9610
80.9580
1224.6265
826.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
9.4291

0.0861
1625.6829
15411.7062
0.7305
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Stream No.
21
Stream Name
B
Temp C
-67.6877
Pres psia
40.0000
Enth kJ/h
-8.2972E+006
Vapor mole fraction
0.00000
Total kmol/h
81.1156
Total kg/h
2438.8083
Total std L m3/h
6.8431
Total std V m3/h
1818.10
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
0.0000
Methane
0.0000
Ethylene
4.6243
Ethane
2434.1379
Acetylene
0.0459
Propylene
0.0000
Propane
0.0000
Propadiene
0.0000
Isobutane
0.0000
1-Butene
0.0000
N-Butane
0.0000
1,3-Butadiene
0.0000
N-Pentane
0.0000
Benzene
0.0000
Toluene
0.0000
Styrene
0.0000
N-Octane
0.0000
N-Decane
0.0000
Water
0.0000

22
23
24
C
D
EF
-34.1656
-7.6957
292.6090
30.0000
40.0000
40.0000
8.9711E+005 -1.2697E+007
-9.8500E+008
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
157.9557
149.9483
3750.7770
6552.5165
7257.4323
69423.0068
12.5092
13.2637
70.0029
3540.36
3360.89
84068.59
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.7307
152.8681
6397.5820
1.3359
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
1.9199
4451.5458
159.9926
16.9996
485.9610
80.9580
1224.6265
826.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
9.4291

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0352
0.0417
0.3675
0.0000
1013.0000
212.0000
5.0000
656.0000
396.0000
67140.5654

Stream No.
25
Stream Name
E
Temp C
164.2224
Pres psia
30.0000
Enth kJ/h
-1.9006E+006
Vapor mole fraction
0.00000
Total kmol/h
8.5060
Total kg/h
1047.9296
Total std L m3/h
1.4618
Total std V m3/h
190.65
Flowrates in kg/h
Hydrogen
0.0000
Methane
0.0000
Ethylene
0.0000
Ethane
0.0000
Acetylene
0.0000
Propylene
0.0000
Propane
0.0000
Propadiene
0.0000
Isobutane
0.0000
1-Butene
0.0352
N-Butane
0.0417
1,3-Butadiene
0.3551
N-Pentane
0.0000
Benzene
0.0024
Toluene
1.0910
Styrene
0.0015
N-Octane
655.8030
N-Decane
390.5997
Water
0.0000

26
F
413.8151
40.0000
-9.3006E+008
0.00000
3742.2708
68375.0808
68.5411
83877.94
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0124
0.0000
1012.9980
210.9090
4.9985
0.1968
5.4002
67140.5654