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Technical Specification 50-19 2004 Standard Numbering for Small Wiring (For switchgear and transformers together with

their associated relay panels)

Document originally produced by the Electricity Association

2004 Energy Networks Association All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Energy Networks Association. Specific enquiries concerning this document should be addressed to: Engineering Directorate Energy Networks Association 18 Stanhope Place Marble Arch London W2 2HH This document has been prepared for use by members of the Energy Networks Association to take account of the conditions which apply to them. Advice should be taken from an appropriately qualified engineer on the suitability of this document for any other purpose.

Technical Specification 50-19 Page 1 Issue 1 2004

CONTENTS PAGE FOREWORD .............................................................................................................................3 SCOPE .......................................................................................................................................3 1


1.1 1.2 1.2.1 1.2.2 1.2.3 1.2.4 1.3 1.4 Table 1.

RULES FOR APPLICATION ...............................................................................4


General ............................................................................................................................................ 4 Prefix letters .................................................................................................................................... 4 Current transformers for protection................................................................................................. 5 Interposing and auxiliary transformers............................................................................................ 5 Current transformer connections for line drop compensation or compounding .............................. 5 Voltage transformer connections for automatic voltage control...................................................... 5 Wire numbers .................................................................................................................................. 6 Suffix letters .................................................................................................................................... 6 Small wiring identification for circuit function ............................................................................... 7

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STANDARD NUMBERING FOR SMALL WIRING


(FOR SWITCHGEAR AND TRANSFORMERS TOGETHER WITH THEIR ASSOCIATED RELAY PANELS) FOREWORD

This Technical Specification has been prepared by the Electricity Association. It is primarily a reissue of British Electricity Boards Specification (B.E.B.S.) S12 (1964) together with Amendment Sheet No.1 January 1969. This specification defines a uniform system for identifying small wiring (conductors) for transformers, switchgear, control and protection equipment. For safety reasons the specification may be applied to equipment, which is : (a) installed and operated at existing sites or (b) maintained and operated by staff familiar with the uniform system for identification of small wiring to this specification. The specification may be applied to the small wiring of protection and control panels from the point of interface with primary parts or their mechanisms and ancilliary circuits. To enable compatibility with existing installations the technical content of the original specification has not therefore been altered. The document has endeavoured to follow the format of the major International Standards.

SCOPE This technical specification provides general rules for identification of individual wires (ferruling) to denote its function in transformers, switchgear, control and protection equipment using an alphanumeric notation. This technical specification applies identification marks to small wiring of protection and controlgear in LV compartments at the point of interface with transformers and/or switchgear. Interface small wiring includes external auxiliary supplies, protection and SCADA control circuits. This is for the purpose of electrical identification of individual wires and provides the ability to trace through equipment for function checking and faultfinding. Manufacturers may apply identification marks to small wiring complying with other standards or to their own convention, at terminals which are not located at the point of interface. This technical specification provides manufacturers with a standardised method of recording as wired panels on schematic diagrams and wiring drawings.

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RULES FOR APPLICATION

1.1

General

Each wire shall have a letter to denote its function, e.g. control of circuit breaker, current transformer for primary protection, voltage for instruments metering and protection. A number identifying the individual wire shall follow the function letter. Every branch of any connection shall bear the same identification mark. Where it is necessary to identify branches, which are commoned (e.g. current transformer leads), different identification marks for the branches may be employed only if they are commoned through links, or are connected to separate terminals, which are then commoned by removable connections. Suffix letters shall be used as indicated in Section 1.4. Numbering shall read from the terminals outwards on all wires. The complete list of reserved letters and numbers for small wire identification to designate specific circuit functions are shown in Table 1.

1.2

Prefix letters

Where part of a circuit is common to more than one function, the first in alphabetical order of the appropriate function letters in the table shall be used for the common part. Where the circuits split at a separable contact (e.g. fuse, link, switch or relay contact) the function letter shall change if necessary from the splitting point onwards. Circuits having functions not included in the function letter table shall not have prefix letters. For example, circuits of devices, which provide a continuous indication, such as remote winding temperature or resistance thermometers, shall not have a prefix letter unless the circuit of the particular indication already has a function letter. Where, however, an indication or alarm is initiated by opening or closing of an auxiliary contact prefix L or X should be used as appropriate. Where the manufacturer has been unable to ascertain from the purchaser the function letters and numbering assigned to equipment wiring at the time that wiring is required, the manufacturer shall himself provide wire numbers preceded by the letter O. Where the appropriate function letter only can be determined, it shall be preceded by an O and followed by the manufacturers own number. The same procedure may be applied to equipment or parts of equipment not assigned to specific contracts at the time of manufacture, subject to the purchasers approval and to use of ferruling in accordance with approved standard diagrams as far as these are applicable. Where relays are employed, the coil and the contact circuits do not necessarily bear the same function letter; this should be determined by the function of the individual circuit, e.g. the coil circuit of a series flag relay may be K but the contact circuits may bear the letters such as X, L or N as appropriate.

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The following rules shall apply to current and voltage transformer function letters. 1.2.1 Current transformers for protection Prefix C shall be used for all types of over-current protection (whether used as primary or back-up protection), standby earth fault, generator negative phase sequence, transformer winding temperature protection, and instruments fed from separate current transformers. Where duplicate primary protection is applied prefix A shall be used for both, the second line being distinguished by adding 300 to the number. 1.2.2 Interposing and auxiliary transformers The function letters shall follow through any interposing an auxiliary current and voltage transformers, including such transformers when used for light current circuits, provided these are not used for isolating transformers to couple circuits, which have differing functions. Where an a.c. supply, reflecting the primary quantities and derived from a current or voltage transformer, is rectified for the operation of instruments or relays, the d.c. circuit shall carry the same function letter as the a.c. circuit. 1.2.3 Current transformer connections for line drop compensation or compounding Prefix D shall be used for these circuits, including the current side of the isolating transformers. The connections to the voltage circuit from this transformer shall have prefix F.

1.2.4 Voltage transformer connections for automatic voltage control Prefix F shall be used for these circuits. Light current equipment may require numbering schemes different from the above for complete identification. In such cases, where connections from such equipment are associated with power equipment wired in accordance with this specification, the numbering of such connections shall include the appropriate prefix letter (J, W, X or Y) to distinguish them. The letter W is generally used for the light current side of interposing relays for control purposes.

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1.3

Wire numbers

The wire numbers may consist of one or more digits as required. For functions A-G, H, J and M, the numbers shall be as given in the column under Wire Numbers. D.C. supplies from a positive source shall bear odd numbers and d.c. supplies from a negative source shall bear even numbers. Where coils or resistors are connected in series the change from odd to even shall be made at the coil or resistor lead nearest to the negative supply. 1.4 Suffix letters

Where similarly numbered leads from separate primary equipments are taken to a common panel (e.g. bus zone protection, summation metering, banked transformers, etc.), suffixes A, B and C, etc. should be used to distinguish them. Where similarly numbered leads from different parts of a unit of primary equipment are taken to a common panel (e.g. generator and unit transformers, HV and LV sides of a transformer, etc.), the leads of the subsidiary or lower voltage equipment shall be distinguished by adding 500 to the wire numbers. When more than two sets of leads require to be distinguished, specific wire numbering schemes appropriate to the case shall be issued by means of a standard diagram showing the scheme to be adopted. The method of distinguishing between sets of leads shall be shown on individual schematic (circuit) and wiring diagrams. The distinguishing suffixes or numbers apply only in the common panel or junction box, and at each end of the interconnecting cores. When specified, however, suffixes may be omitted from ends of the interconnecting cores remote from the common panel or junction box.

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Table 1. LETTER

Small wiring identification for circuit function CIRCUIT FUNCTION WIRE NUMBERS * (See rule 1.3) 10-29 L1 (Red) phase 30-49 L2 (Yell.) phase 50-69 L3 (Blue) phase 70-89 Residual circuits and neutral current transformers 90 Earth wires directly connected to the earth bar 91-99 Test windings, normally inoperative

Current transformers for primary protection excluding overcurrent Current transformers for busbar protection Current transformers for overcurrent protection (including combined earth-fault protection) and instruments Current transformers for metering and voltage control Reference voltage for instruments, metering and protection Reference voltage for voltage control Reference voltage for synchronising a.c. and a.c./d.c. supplies d.c. supplies Closing and tripping control circuits Alarms and indication initiated by auxiliary switches and relay contacts, excluding those for remote selective control and for general indication equipment Auxiliary and control motor devices, e.g. governor motor, rheostat motor, generator AVR control, spring charging motors, transformer cooler motor control, motors for isolator operation Tap change control, including AVC, tap position and progress indications An indication that the ferruling is not in accordance with the general scheme and that if it is not altered double ferruling will be required for co-ordination with the remaining equipment in the station (See Rule 1.3)

B C

D E

F G H J K L

1-69 Switchgear and generators 70-99 Transformers Any number from 1 upwards

1-19 Switchgear 20-69 Generators 70-99 Transformers Any number from 1 upwards

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P R S

D.C tripping circuits used solely for busbar protection Interlock circuits not covered above D.C instruments and relays, exciter and field circuits for generators Pilot conductors (including directly associated connections) between panels, independent of the distance between them, for pilot-wire protection, for intertripping or for both Spare cores; connections to spare contacts Spare cores shall be numbered from 1 upwards in each cable, and shall be so arranged that they can be readily identified on site with the cable containing them. This shall be achieved by suitable grouping, and unless the location of each group is clear from the diagram, the groups shall be labelled. Alternatively the cable number shall precede the core number. Any number from 1 upwards

Automatic switching circuits not integral with circuit breaker control schemes, i.e. separately supplied or isolatable from, the circuit breaker control scheme Light current control connections (See rule 1.2) Alarms and indications to and from general indication and remote selective control equipments Telephones

W X

* If, for functions A-G and for functions H, J and M, more numbers are required, add multiples of one hundred (e.g. 10-29 may be extended to 110-129, 210-229, etc.) Note: The term remote selective control denotes control at a point distant from the switchgear by the transmission of electrical signals through common communication channels using selective means to operate one or a number of switching devices.