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Ericssonwide Internal Adaptive Multi Rate – AMR Dimensioning Principles EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 1
Ericssonwide Internal Adaptive Multi Rate – AMR Dimensioning Principles EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 1

Ericssonwide Internal

Adaptive Multi Rate – AMR Dimensioning Principles

Adaptive Multi Rate – AMR Dimensioning Principles EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 1 AMR Dimensioning

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Outline •Network Characteristics, -Limitations •Voice Quality Targets •AMR Penetration
Ericssonwide Internal Outline •Network Characteristics, -Limitations •Voice Quality Targets •AMR Penetration

Ericssonwide Internal

Outline

•Network Characteristics, -Limitations •Voice Quality Targets •AMR Penetration •Simulated capacities •Calculation Examples •Summary

•Simulated capacities •Calculation Examples •Summary EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 2 AMR Dimensioning

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Important Disclaimer   This guideline should only be used for tender purposes. If

Ericssonwide Internal

Important Disclaimer

 

This guideline should only be used for tender purposes.

If this guideline is used to dimension an existing network, one must be aware of the limitation of the methodology.

The capacity and quality examples in this presentation have been produced by means of simulation studies.

This means that the results are idealized. Absolute figures should not be used directly without taking real-network limitations into account.

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

 
   
 
 

Ericssonwide Internal

 

Network limitations

 

-Different reasons for limited capacity

 

AMR

Limit

Symptom

Solution

x

Noise

Bad SQI, SS drops

SWPB, TCC, more sites,

X

Interference

Bad SQI, Q drops

Optim., features, more sites

-

Blocking

N/A 2003-2004

CHAT, more sites, HR

X

Hardware

Bad GOS (time congt)

More TRX, HR

Most common limitation is Noise, Hardware and local interference problems

 

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Dimensioning Strategies   • Dependent on limitation, different means to improve capacity

Ericssonwide Internal

Dimensioning Strategies

 

• Dependent on limitation, different means to improve capacity should be considered. It is however always true that: (Postulates)

P1: Always minimize number of sites

 

• i.e. it is better to have 20 sites with xFR* and more TRX,

• than 25 sites with AHR* and fewer TRX, since sites are expensive to find, to build, to maintain, to rent, to cool, to power…

P2: After P1, always use AHR* when quality can be maintained *)

• i.e. AHR* gives benefits of lower cost (fewer TRX)

 

• and/or improved GOS

*(FR=Full Rate, AHR= AMR Half Rate)

 

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Quality measures in R/D (simulations) “95% of subscribers shall have < 1% FER”
Ericssonwide Internal Quality measures in R/D (simulations) “95% of subscribers shall have < 1% FER”

Ericssonwide Internal

Quality measures in R/D (simulations)

“95% of subscribers shall have < 1% FER”

“95% of subscribers shall have < 1% FER” Target that Ericsson traditionally has used internally when

Target that Ericsson traditionally has used internally when developing new features and methodology

This can be considered the toughest criteria in the business, but is it too tough?

Criteria that others have presented at conferences, tenders etc:

“80% of subscribers shall have < 2% FER” (other GSM vendors) “90% of subscribers shall have < 2.5% FER” (operators) “95% of subscribers shall have < 4.2% FER” (other GSM vendors)

shall have < 4.2% FER” (other GSM vendors) EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 6 AMR Dimensioning

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 1/2 As there are infinite number of combin ations of
Ericssonwide Internal Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 1/2 As there are infinite number of combin ations of

Ericssonwide Internal

Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 1/2

As there are infinite number of combinations of quality targets, Ericsson has for tender/offer purposes decided to define two groups of targets:

Cost-focused Quality (CfQ):

Cost-focused Capacity (CfC): Typically operators launching GSM

Typically existing GSM-operators

“90-95% of subscribers must have < Y% FER”

FER FER

CfQuality

CfQuality

CfCapacity

CfCapacity

EFR EFR

AFR AFR

1.0 1.0

1.0 1.0

2.0 2.0

1.7 1.7

AHR AHR

0.5 0.5

0.55 0.55

Mixing is not allowed, a network is either CFQ or CFC

The operator must choose which of these two groups to be!

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 2/2 No networks are equal. Actual capacit y depends on
Ericssonwide Internal Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 2/2 No networks are equal. Actual capacit y depends on

Ericssonwide Internal

Standardized Capacity/Quality Definition 2/2

No networks are equal. Actual capacity depends on how long the network has been optimized, if sites can be built in optimum positions, how well coverage is achieved, and more.

Therefore a factor needs to be introduced to compensate:

Achieved capacity = Simulated Capacity x Network Coefficient

capacity = Simulated C apacity x Network Coefficient EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 8 AMR Dimensioning
capacity = Simulated C apacity x Network Coefficient EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 8 AMR Dimensioning

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Sites/city EFR Stay on AHR TRX/cell Needed for coverage AHR E/sqkm Cell capacity
Ericssonwide Internal
Sites/city
EFR
Stay on AHR
TRX/cell
Needed for coverage
AHR
E/sqkm
Cell capacity limit:
AHR
EFR
AHR
AFR
EFR
CfQ
CfC
AFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal Real Radio Network capacity depends heavily on: • BCCH reuse plan • Microcell

Ericssonwide Internal

Real Radio Network capacity depends heavily on:

BCCH reuse plan

Microcell usage

 

TCH reuse plan

Coverage holes

service quality target and speech codec types

Traffic distribution

Service distribution

Channel type

Locating performance

Channel Activity Factor

Measurement quality

Frequency Hopping

Clutter type

Antenna elevation and grid

Mobile speeds

Network quality target

Indoor/outdoor usage

Antenna types

Signaling capacity/performance

Angular spreads

and

much much more!

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Simulation results, capacity graphs (example) Example graph from simulations: EFR 24
Ericssonwide Internal
Simulation results, capacity graphs (example)
Example graph
from simulations:
EFR 24
Frequencies, 1%
FER target
No Features or
+ MAIO
= R9
+ IRC
= R10
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal Tender dimensioning procedure 1/3   The operator decides: 1. E/sqkm [E], can be

Ericssonwide Internal

Tender dimensioning procedure 1/3

 

The operator decides:

1. E/sqkm [E], can be given in steps (one value per year)

 

2. Available Spectrum (one link) [MHz]

3. Quality target [CfC or CfQ]

 

4. Grade of Service [%]

5. System requirement [% satisfied users]

 

6. EFR penetration [%], can be given in steps (one value per year)

All these factors must be a part of the tender and also be equal for all vendors in the selection process.

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Tender dimensioning procedure 2/3   Calculate: • Max cell size (based on propagat

Ericssonwide Internal

Tender dimensioning procedure 2/3

 

Calculate:

• Max cell size (based on propagation loss and clutter type) [sqkm]

• Max generated E per cell, i.e. based purely on signal strength, what is the maximum amount of traffic that can be generated by the subscribers [Egmax]

• Estimate Network Coefficient (slide 8) [factor]

 

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Tender dimensioning procedure 3/3   • Choose Ericsson release (R10, R11, etc.) •

Ericssonwide Internal

Tender dimensioning procedure 3/3

 

• Choose Ericsson release (R10, R11, etc.)

• If required capacity/cell is higher than simulated capacity*Network coefficient, more sites need to be built to fulfil the E/sq.km demand. Alternatively, another codec needs to be used, or another quality target. This selection needs to be operator driven.

• If required capacity / cell is lower than that of simulated capacity * Network coefficient for AMR HR at a given quality, AMR HR should be used, to reduce TRX need.

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Estimating traffic to be carried on BCCH TRX The simulations only estimates the
Ericssonwide Internal Estimating traffic to be carried on BCCH TRX The simulations only estimates the

Ericssonwide Internal

Estimating traffic to be carried on BCCH TRX

The simulations only estimates the traffic on the hopping channel group, therefore the traffic on the BCCH TRX have to be added.

The traffic on the BCCH TRX should be estimated depending on the traffic in the hopping channel group as follows:

Traffic on hopping CHGR <5 Erlang 5-10 Erlang 10-15 Erlang 15-20 Erlang

Estimated traffic on BCCH TRX at tight BCCH reuse (12-14)

1 Erlang

2 Erlang

3 Erlang

4 Erlang

The estimated traffic on BCCH TRX should not exceed the available number of TCHs on the BCCH TRX when BCCH, SDCCH and if used PDCHs are considered.

BCCH TRX when BCCH, SDCCH and if used PDCHs are considered. EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 1: How to calculate required number of cells Assumptions, Example 1 •
Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 1: How to calculate required number of cells Assumptions, Example 1 •

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex. 1: How to calculate required number of cells

Assumptions, Example 1

• Traffic: 10 E/sq.km

• Area: 20 sq.km

• Three sector sites

• Available Spectrum: 2 x 7.2 MHz

• Quality target: CfQ

• 95 % satisfied users target

• Grade of Service: 2% blocking

• AMR (HR) penetration: 0% (only EFR)

2% blocking • AMR (HR) penetration: 0% ( ⇒ only EFR) EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex 1: Calculation R   Example 1 Calculation: Total traffic: 200 E Calculated

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex 1: Calculation

R
R
 

Example 1 Calculation:

Total traffic: 200 E Calculated coverage limit R: 1.3 km (example) Required number of cells due to coverage: 19 cells (

2
2

Area (3x 3 xR

8)

)

Determine BCCH reuse: 12 (example) From simulations, R9: Load per cell at interference limit, given 24 frequencies 18 Erlang See slide 32 point A. Assign Network Coefficient: 0.4 18*0.4=7.2 Erlang/cell Assume BCCH traffic: 2 Erlang (consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels) Add BCCH traffic: 7.2 + 2 = 9.2 E/cell = possible cell load Required number of cells due to interference limit: 22 cells

- INTERFERENCE LIMITED DEPLOYMENT! TRX/cell: 1 (BCCH) + TRX TCH (Erlang B on 7.2 E 2% GoS = 13 channels)

 

1 +

1.6 TRX / cell = 2.6 TRX / cell

 

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 2: How to compare different quality targets for a given number of
Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 2: How to compare different quality targets for a given number of

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex. 2: How to compare different quality targets for a given number of sites

Assumptions, Example 2

• Traffic: 22 E/sq.km

• Area: 25 sq.km

• No of existing cells: 40 Three sector sites

• Available Spectrum: 2 x 7.2 MHz

• Quality target: CfC, CfQ

• 95 % satisfied users target

• Grade of Service: 2% blocking

• AMR (HR) penetration: 50%

Grade of Service: 2% blocking • AMR (HR) penetration: 50% EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 18

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex 2: Calculation Example 2 Calculation: Total traffic: 550 E Determine BCCH reuse:
Ericssonwide Internal Ex 2: Calculation Example 2 Calculation: Total traffic: 550 E Determine BCCH reuse:

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex 2: Calculation

Example 2 Calculation:

Total traffic: 550 E Determine BCCH reuse: 12 (example) From simulations, R10 (MAIO + IRC) : Load per cell at interference limit, given 24 frequencies and 50% AMR HR usage frequencies CfC=24 E/cell; CfQ = 18 E/cell. See Slide 41 point B and slide 39 point C. Assign Network Coefficient: 0.5 40*0.5= 12 E / cell (CfC), 9 E/cell (CfQ) Assume BCCH traffic: 3 Erlang (est. Consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels) 2 Erlang (est. Consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels)

Add BCCH traffic:

12 + 4 = 16 E/cell (CfC) or 9 + 2 = 11 E / cell (CfQ)

Required number of cells due to interference limit: 35 cells (CfC) or 50 cells (CfQ)

- INTERFERENCE LIMITED DEPLOYMENT With AMR HR / EFR. With CfC quality, the existing number of sites (40) is enough!

CfC quality, the existing number of si tes (40) is enough! EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex 2: Calculation This is a way of estimating number of TRX required

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex 2: Calculation

This is a way of estimating number of TRX required in mixed scenarios, see Appendix B.

Example 2 Calculation:

# TRX for CfC case:

16 Erlang / cell 4 Erlang (BCCH)+ 6 Erlang (HR) + 6 Erlang (FR) 6 Erlang (HR) + 6 Erlang (FR) 12 Erlang 19 channels (2% GoS, Erlang B)

#TCH/F = # channels x (EFR penetration + 0.5 x AMR HR penetration)=19 (0.5 + 0.5*0.5 )= = 15 timeslots = 1.9 TRX:s

Add BCCH TRX 2.9 TRX / cell

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 3: How to determine required codec for deployment scenario, CfQ Assumptions, Example
Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 3: How to determine required codec for deployment scenario, CfQ Assumptions, Example

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex. 3: How to determine required codec for deployment scenario, CfQ

Assumptions, Example 3

• Traffic: 35 E/sq.km

• No of existing cells: 30 Three sector sites

• Area: 20 sq.km

• Available Spectrum: 2 x 7.2 MHz

• Quality target: CfQ

• 95 % satisfied users target

• Grade of Service: 2% blocking

• AMR (HR) penetration: N/A

Grade of Service: 2% blocking • AMR (HR) penetration: N/A EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 21

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex 3: Calculation   R 2 Area (3x 3 xR   Example 3

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex 3: Calculation

 
R
R
2
2

Area (3x 3 xR

 

Example 3 Calculation:

Total traffic: 700 E Calculated coverage limit R: 1.2 km (example) Required number of cells due to coverage: 22 cells (

8)

)

Determine BCCH reuse: 12 (example) From simulations, R10 (IRC): Traffic on hopping channel group at interference limit, 24 freq:

EFR =22.5 E/cell, see slide 32 point D, AMR HR = 20.5 E/cell, see slide 39 point E AMR FR =44 E / cell , see slide 33 point F

Network Coefficient: 0.5 11.25 E/cell (EFR) 10.25 E/cell (AMR HR) 22 E/cell AMR FR) Assume BCCH traffic: 3 Erlang (EFR /AMR HR) 4 Erlang (AMR FR) (consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels)

AMR HR = 13.25 E/cell AMR FR =26 E / cell

Add BCCH traffic: EFR =14.25 E/cell No of cells due to interference limit:

50 cells EFR

53 cells AMR HR

27 cells AMR FR Only AMR FR will work with existing number of cells (30). These are enough from a coverage point of view as well!

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 4: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Urban area Assumptions, Example 4 • Traffic: 55
Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 4: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Urban area Assumptions, Example 4 • Traffic: 55

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex. 4: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Urban area

Assumptions, Example 4

• Traffic: 55 E/sq.km

• Area: 10 sq.km

• Available Spectrum: 2 x 7.2 MHz

• Three sector sites

• Quality target: CfC

• 95 % satisfied users target

• Grade of Service: 2% blocking

• AMR (HR or FR) penetration: 100%

of Service: 2% blocking • AMR (HR or FR) penetration: 100% EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal R Ex 4: Calculation Example 4 Calculation: Total traffic: 550 E Calculated coverage
Ericssonwide Internal R Ex 4: Calculation Example 4 Calculation: Total traffic: 550 E Calculated coverage

Ericssonwide Internal

R
R

Ex 4: Calculation

Example 4 Calculation:

Total traffic: 550 E Calculated coverage limit R: 1.1 km (example) Required number of cells due to coverage: 13 cells (

Determine BCCH reuse: 12 (example) From simulations, R10 (IRC): Load per cell at interference limit, given 24 frequencies:

2
2

Area (3x 3 xR

8)

)

AMR HR = 29 E/cell see slide 41 point G AMR FR = 51 E / cell see slide 37 point H

Network Coefficient: 0.5 14.5 E/cell (AMR HR) 21.25 E/cell AMR FR) Assume BCCH traffic: 3 Erlang (AMR HR) 4 Erlang (AMR FR) (consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels)

Add BCCH traffic: AMR HR = 17.5 E/cell No of cells due to interference limit:

AMR FR = 25.25 E / cell

32

22

cells AMR HR

cells AMR FR

In Urban areas with high traffic intensity, AMR FR will minimize the number of cells!

intensity, AMR FR will minimize the number of cells! EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 24 AMR

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 5: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Rural area Assumptions, Example 5 • Traffic: 5
Ericssonwide Internal Ex. 5: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Rural area Assumptions, Example 5 • Traffic: 5

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex. 5: Dimensioning for green-fielder, Rural area

Assumptions, Example 5

• Traffic: 5 E/sq.km

• Area: 75 sq.km

• Available Spectrum: 2 x 7.2 MHz

• Three sector cells

• Quality target: CfC

• 95 % satisfied users target

• Grade of Service: 2% blocking

• AMR (HR or FR) penetration: 100%

of Service: 2% blocking • AMR (HR or FR) penetration: 100% EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Ex 5: Calculation R 2 3 xR Area (3x 8)   Example 5

Ericssonwide Internal

Ex 5: Calculation

R
R
2 3 xR
2
3 xR

Area (3x

8)

 

Example 5 Calculation:

Total traffic: 375 E Calculated coverage limit R: 2.3 km (example) Required number of cells due to coverage: 22 cells (

)

Determine BCCH reuse: 12 (example) From simulations, R10 (IRC): Load per cell at interference limit, given 24 frequencies:

AMR HR = 29 E/cell see slide 41 point G ;

AMR FR = 51 E / cell see slide 37 point H

Network Coefficient: 0.5 14.5 E/cell (AMR HR) 21.25 E/cell AMR FR)

 

Add BCCH traffic: AMR HR = 17.5 E/cell No of cells due to interference limit:

AMR FR = 25.25 E / cell 22 cells AMR HR 15 cells AMR FR 22 cells 375/22=17 Erlang

 

No of cells due to coverage:

Traffic per cell:

Assume BCCH traffic: 3 Erlang (consider GPRS traffic + SDCCH/CCCH/BCCH channels)

Traffic on hopping channel group:

14 Erlang 2.7 (AMR FR), 1.3 (AMR HR) 3.7(AMR FR), 2.3 (AMR HR)

 

TRXs per hopping channel group:

TRXs per cell:

In rural areas with low traffic intensity, AMR HR will minimize the number of TRXs!

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Summary Simulation-based calculations must be adapt ed to real-network quality. The quality of

Ericssonwide Internal

Summary

Simulation-based calculations must be adapted to real-network quality. The quality of real deployments differ very much. Use Network Coefficient

One important thing when communicating capacity to operators is that assumptions are well specified. This presentation discuss, e.g., two different qualities. With specified assumptions, the capacity estimates will be equally improved. System targets is also extremely important.

Mainly interference limited networks have been considered (1/1). In HW- limited networks (sparse reuse, large spectrum), AMR HR will be the optimum choice!

When mixing AHR and EFR in interference limited networks, the subscribers can perceive the newer mobiles, the AHR-capable, to have worse voice quality than EFR.

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Appendix A, Capacity curves   • CfQ – AFR: FER = 1.0 %

Ericssonwide Internal

Appendix A, Capacity curves

 

• CfQ

– AFR: FER = 1.0 %

– EFR: FER = 1.0 %

– AHR. FER = 0.5 %

• CfC

– AFR: FER = 1.7 %

– EFR: FER = 2.0 %

– AHR. FER = 0.55 %

The curves “No Features” and “MAIO” in the graphs corresponds to R9 The curves “IRC” and “MAIO + IRC” in the graphs corresponds to R10.

The capacity figures corresponds to 95 % satisfied users if nothing else is explicitly stated

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal Simulated scenarios   R9.1 R9.1 (MAIO) R10 (IRC) R10 (IRC+MAIO) E F R
Ericssonwide Internal Simulated scenarios   R9.1 R9.1 (MAIO) R10 (IRC) R10 (IRC+MAIO) E F R

Ericssonwide Internal

Simulated scenarios

 

R9.1

R9.1 (MAIO)

R10 (IRC)

R10

(IRC+MAIO)

EFR CfQ, FER=1.0%

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

AFR CFQ, FER=1.0%

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

AHR FER=0.5%

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

EFR CfC, FER=2.0%

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

5/7.5/10

AFR CfC, FER=1.7%

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

AHR FER=0.5%

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

5/7.5

5(=5+5)MHz 12 hopping freqs, 7.5 MHz 24, 10 MHz 32 AHR, mix with EFR 0 100%

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AMR Dimensioning Principles

Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 12 freqs, EFR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 30 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfQ, 12 freqs, EFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 12 freqs, AFR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 31 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfQ, 12 freqs, AFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 24 freqs, EFR D A EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 32 AMR
Ericssonwide Internal
CfQ, 24 freqs, EFR
D
A
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 24 freqs, AFR F EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 33 AMR Dimensioning
Ericssonwide Internal
CfQ, 24 freqs, AFR
F
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 12 freqs, EFR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 34 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfC, 12 freqs, EFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 12 freqs, AFR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 35 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfC, 12 freqs, AFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 24 freqs, EFR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 36 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfC, 24 freqs, EFR
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 24 freqs, AFR H EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 37 AMR Dimensioning
Ericssonwide Internal
CfC, 24 freqs, AFR
H
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AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 12 freqs, AHR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 38 AMR Dimensioning Principles
Ericssonwide Internal
CfQ, 12 freqs, AHR
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Ericssonwide Internal CfQ, 24 freqs, AHR E C EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 39 AMR
Ericssonwide Internal
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C
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Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 12 freqs, AHR EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 40 AMR Dimensioning Principles
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Ericssonwide Internal CfC, 24 freqs, AHR G B EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22 41 AMR
Ericssonwide Internal
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B
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Ericssonwide Internal Appendix B, Erlang Calculation with mixed FR/HR traffic A reasonable approximation (shown by
Ericssonwide Internal Appendix B, Erlang Calculation with mixed FR/HR traffic A reasonable approximation (shown by

Ericssonwide Internal

Appendix B, Erlang Calculation with mixed FR/HR traffic

A reasonable approximation (shown by simulations) is obtained by calculating the capacity for FR only and HR only separately, and interpolating the result depending on the mix.

For an example and comparison, see next slide.

on the mix. For an example and comparison, see next slide. EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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Ericssonwide Internal Example from simulations Exact multi-Erlang calculation (solid with stars, blue) vs. straight line
Ericssonwide Internal Example from simulations Exact multi-Erlang calculation (solid with stars, blue) vs. straight line

Ericssonwide Internal

Example from simulations

Ericssonwide Internal Example from simulations Exact multi-Erlang calculation (solid with stars, blue) vs. straight line

Exact multi-Erlang calculation (solid with stars, blue) vs. straight line approximation (dashed, red) obtained by calculating the end points (pure HR capacity and pure FR capacity) using the Erlang loss formula and connecting them by a straight line.

Erlang l oss formula and connecting them by a straight line. EAB/RNG-03:0029 Uen Rev D 2004-01-22

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