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Rseaux Hauts Dbits

ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

LAB 1 : INTERCONNEXION POINT A POINT VIA UN COMMUTATEUR ATM

ATM gre deux types de liaisons : Les liaisons points point Les liaisons point multipoint

De manire gnrale, les liaisons points point relient de faon fixe deux machines. Dans le rseau ATM, les liaisons point point permettent denvoyer systmatique les paquets lautre extrmit du lien. Dans ce paragraphe, nous allons mettre en uvre la liaison de type point point dans un rseau ATM. 1- Architecture

Paramtrage du commutateur Pour bien paramtrer les ports dun commutateur, il est important de matriser les notions de circuit virtuel(VC), de chemin virtuel (VP) et de VPI (Virtual Path Identifier). Jai paramtr les ports du commutateur en associant sur le port 1 un VPI 1 et le VCI 100 (1/100), et le port 2 est associ au VPI2 et le VCI 200 (2/200).

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

Configuration de routeur R5

R5(config)#interface a1/0 R5(config-if)#no ip address R5(config-if)#no shutdown R5(config-if)#exit R5(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R5(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0 R5(config-subif)#pvc 1/100 R5(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.0.2 broadcast R5(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap Diagnostique R5#show ip interface FastEthernet0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down Internet protocol processing disabled ATM1/0 is up, line protocol is up Internet protocol processing disabled ATM1/0.1 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 172.16.0.1/24 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 4470 bytes Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Local Proxy ARP is disabled Security level is default Split horizon is disabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is enabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled
Configuration du routeur R6

R6(config)#interface a1/0 R6(config-if)#no ip address R6(config-if)#no shutdown R6(config-if)#exit Yvan KALIA Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms Page 2

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

R6(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R6(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.0.2 255.255.255.0 R6(config-subif)#pvc 1/100 R6(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.0.1 broadcast R6(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap
Diagnostique

R6#show ip interface FastEthernet0/0 is administratively down, line protocol is down Internet protocol processing disabled ATM1/0 is up, line protocol is up Internet protocol processing disabled ATM1/0.1 is up, line protocol is up Internet address is 172.16.0.2/24 Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255 Address determined by setup command MTU is 4470 bytes Helper address is not set Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled Outgoing access list is not set Inbound access list is not set Proxy ARP is enabled Local Proxy ARP is disabled Security level is default Split horizon is disabled ICMP redirects are always sent ICMP unreachables are always sent ICMP mask replies are never sent IP fast switching is enabled IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled IP Flow switching is disabled
Dfinition des routes Ajoutez ensuite une route statique pour aller vers les sous rseaux de part et dautre.

R5(config)#ip route 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2 R6(config)#ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.1
Test de fonctionnement

R6#ping 192.168.1.254 source 192.168.2.254 Yvan KALIA Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms Page 3

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 192.168.2.254 !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 92/156/188 ms R5#ping 192.168.2.254 source 192.168.1.254 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.2.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 192.168.1.254 !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 100/231/276 ms

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

LAB 2 : ATM CONNEXION POINT A MULTIPOINT

La diffusion et la multidiffusion est utilise le plus souvent pour tablir des liaisons point point et des liaisons points multipoint entre un poste client et plusieurs stations du rseau. Dans le rseau ATM la diffusion et la multidiffusion peut tre tablie dans une liaison point point ou dans une liaison point multipoint. L intrt davoir une liaison point multipoint est de grer le trafic au niveau dun seul site par exemple.
1- Architecture

2- Configuration des ports du commutateur Port 1 : VPI 1 et VCI 100 (PVC= 1/100 pour aller vers R2) Port 1 : VPI 3 et VCI 300 (PVC= 3/300 pour aller vers R3) Port 2 : VPI 2 et PVC 200 (PVC=2/200) Port 3 : VPI 4 et VCI 400 (PVC=4/400)

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

3- Configuration des interfaces des routeurs o Configuration des interfaces du routeur R1 R1>en R1#conf t R1(config)#interface a1/0 R1(config-if)#no ip address R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#exit R1(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R1(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0 R1(config-subif)#pvc 1/100 R1(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.1.2 broadcast R1(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap R1(config-subif)#exit R1(config)#interface a1/0.2 point-to-point R1(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0 R1(config-subif)#pvc 3/300 R1(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.2.2 broadcast R1(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap R1(config)#interface fa0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.254 255.255.255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

o Configuration des interfaces du routeur R2

R2#conf t R2(config)#interface a1/0 R2(config-if)#no ip address R2(config-if)#no shutdown R2(config-if)#exit R2(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R2(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.1.2 255.255.255.0 R2(config-subif)#pvc 2/200 R2(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.1.1 broadcast R2(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap R2(config-subif)#exit R2(config)#interface fa0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 10.10.1.254 255.255.255.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown

o Test de connectivit

R2#ping 172.16.1.1 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.16.1.1, timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 144/240/284 ms

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

o Diagnostique

R2#show atm pvc VCD / Avg/Min Burst Interface Name Kbps Cells Sts 1/0.1 UP 1 VPI 2 VCI 200 Type PVC Encaps SNAP SC UBR Peak Kbps 155000

o Configuration des interfaces du routeur R3 R3#conf t R3(config)#interface a1/0 R3(config-if)#no ip address R3(config-if)#no shutdown R3(config-if)#exit R3(config)#interface a1/0.1 po R3(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R3(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0 R3(config-subif)#pvc 4/400 R3(config-if-atm-vc)#protocol ip 172.16.2.1 broadcast R3(config-if-atm-vc)#encapsulation aal5snap R3(config)#interface fa0/0 R3(config-if)#ip address 10.10.1.254 255.255.255.0 R3(config-if)#no shutdown

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

4- Dfinition de routes
Sur R1

R1(config)#ip route 10.10.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.2 R1(config)#ip route 10.10.2.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.2

Sur R2

R2(config)#ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.1.1

Sur R3

R3(config)#ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.2.1

5- Test

R2#ping 192.168.1.254 source 10.10.1.254 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 10.10.1.254 !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 452/521/548 ms // R3#ping 192.168.1.254 source 10.10.2.254 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 10.10.2.254

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

!!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 316/410/544 ms # R1#ping 10.10.1.254 source 192.168.1.254 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.10.1.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 192.168.1.254 !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 156/300/532 ms R1#ping 10.10.2.254 source 192.168.1.254 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.10.2.254, timeout is 2 seconds: Packet sent with a source address of 192.168.1.254 !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 252/270/300 ms

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

LAB 3 : INTRECONNEXION ENTRE UN RESEA ATM ET UN RESEAU ETHERNET VIA UN PONT ATM Rle dun pont ATM

La technologie LANE (LAN Emulator) permet un rseau ATM de se comporter comme un rseau LAN. Lobjectif est de passer dun rseau LAN ver un rseau ATM en toute douceur. Cette migration plein dissue nest possible que si on utilise quipement de liaison du rseau ATM. Il sagit du pont ATM. En effet un pont ATM permet dutiliser les services offerts dans un rseau LAN dans un rseau ATM.
1- Architecture

1- Configuration du pont ATM Le pont ATM a une interface Ethernet qui le relie au rseau Ethernet et une interface ATM qui le relie au rseau ATM avec le PVC 2/100

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

2- Configuration du routeur R2 R2>en R2#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. R2(config)#interface a1/0 R2(config-if)#no ip address R2(config-if)#no shutdown R2(config-if)#exit R2(config)#interface a1/0.1 point-to-point R2(config-subif)#ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0 R2(config-subif)#atm route-bridged ip R2(config-subif)#atm route-bridged ip R2(config-subif)#pvc 2/100 R2(config-if-atm-vc)#exit R2(config-subif)#no shutdown 3- Configuration du routeur R1 R1>en R1#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. R1(config)#interface fa0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.0.2 255.255.255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# *ay 10 12:19:09.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up R1(config)#interface fa0/1 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.254 255.255.255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# *May 10 12:19:57.211: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/1, changed state to up 4- Test de bon fonctionnement
R2 ->R1 (Ethernet)

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.16.0.2, timeout is 2 seconds: .!!!! Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 348/387/408 ms R2#ping 172.16.0.2 Yvan KALIA Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms Page 12

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ATM

EC2LT-Dakar

Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.16.0.2, timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 380/400/432 ms
R1 -> vers rseau TAM

R1#ping 172.16.0.1 Type escape sequence to abort. Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.16.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 264/300/404 ms
Testez la libert

Yvan KALIA

Master 2 Rseaux/Tlcoms

Page 13