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Answers are provided for most questions.

Practice Worksheet on Bones Chapter 5 Use unlabelled images provided on blackboard and learn to label parts of bones. Skull 1. List all cranial bones of the skull. (Note the unpaired and the paired bones) List all facial bones of the skull. (Note the unpaired and the paired bones) (Answer not provided) Mastoid process is a projection associated with which cranial bone? _temporal__________ What function does it serve? ___attachment to some neck muscles_________ What is the location of styloid process with respect to mastoid process? _anterior and medial ________

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What is a common name for external acoustic meatus? _canal leading to ear drum ___ What function does it serve? ___provides passage for sound to enter the ear ___________

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The sphenoid bone is shaped like a __butterfly or bat ________ Based on its location, what function does it serve? _makes part of the floor of the cranial cavity______________

5.

Describe the location of vomer bone. _at midline in nasal cavity, a nasal septum ______ Is it facial or cranial? ___facial ____________

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What is a common name of Maxilla? ____upper jaw __________

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What is the function of Lacrimal bone? __provides groove for passageway (tear duct) for tears ______________

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Bony sockets that hold teeth on maxilla and mandible are called _alveolar margin (process) ________

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What is the function of inferior nasal conchae? _increase air turbulence, warm, and moisten air_______________

10.

What function does ramus of the lower jaw (mandible) serve? _pair of rami of mandible join temporal bone in a ball and socket joint ___________

Thorax and Vertebral Column

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C1 vertebra is also called the ___atlas_______.

12.

The upright process of the C2 vertebra is called the __dens______. What function does it serve? ___pivot joint to C1, rotates head side to side ______________________

13.

Compare cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae. (Include 4 major parts). Learn to differentiate one from the other based on distinguishing structures. (answer not provided) What passes through the central foramen? __spinal cord_____________.

14.

Sternum is breast bone. Name its three parts (superior to inferior) __manubrium, body, xiphoid process ______________________

15.

Locate true ribs on the skeleton. (answer not provided) Locate false ribs. Locate floating ribs. Find out why they are named true, false, or floating?

Appendicular Skeleton 16. Anatomical name of the shoulder girdle is __pectoral girdle_____________ Name two bones of the shoulder girdle. _scapula (shoulder blade) and clavicle (collar bone)___________

17.

Where is acetabulum located? __ on hip bone where three bones of the hip meet ___ What function does it serve? ___large cavity receives the head of the femur, makes a ball and socket joint ____

18.

Locate radius with respect to ulna. _lateral to ulna ____________

19.

Between two processes Trochlea and Capitulum, located at the distal end of the humerus bone, identify the process that articulates with the radius __capitulum_______

20.

The coxal (hip) bone is composed of three fused bones. Name them. __ ilium, ischium and pubis ___

21.

Pelvic girdle is composed of pair of coxal bones. The structure Pelvis is composed of _coxal (hip) bones + sacrum + coccyx______

22.

Locate femur with respect to tibia. _proximal______________

23.

Which end of Tibia joins to Femur? Proximal or distal? _proximal__________________ Name the processes that articulate these bones. _medial and lateral condyles in both__

24.

Lateral malleolus is located on which long bone? __fibula____________ Medial malleolus is located on which long bone? __tibia____________

25.

Bones in the palm of a hand are called __carpals_________.

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Bones in the sole of a foot are called _tarsals_________.