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1) TO INFINITIVE TO TALK ABOUT PURPOSES a. PHRASE OF PURPOSE: Cm t ch mc ch * Nu mun din t mc ch khng nh ta dng: S + V + to / Ex: - I try to study .. pass my

* Nu mun din t mc ch ph nh ta dng: S + V + in Ex: - She got up early ...

b. CC DNG BI TP: b1. Dng cm t ch mc ch (phrase of purpose): * Ni 2 cu c cng ch ng nhng sau want khng c tn ng (Object) - Mary gets up early every morning. She wants to learn her lessons. Mary gets up early every morning to learn her lessons * Vit li mnh ch mc ch cng ch ng: - We learn Engish so that we will have better communication with other people. We learn Engish to have better communication with other people. b2. Dng cm t ch mc ch ni 2 cu c cng ch ng nhng sau want c tn ng hay mnh ch mc ch khc ch ng , ta phi theo cng thc in order * Ni 2 cu c cng ch ng nhng sau want c tn ng (Object). - He gave me his address. He wanted me to visit him He gave me his address in order for me to visit him. - They whispered. They didnt want anyone to hear their conversation. They whispered in order for noone to hear their conversation. Exercise: Use to/ in order to/ so as(not) to + infinitive to combine each pair of sentences: 1. Mother entered the room quietly. She didnt want to wake up her baby. 2. Mary phoned me. She wanted to invite me to the party. 3. We are learning English. We can get a good job. 4. I took off my shoes. I didnt want to make any noise. 5. My mother needs a tin-opener. She wants to open this bottle. 2) ADJECTIVE OF ATTITUDE ( tnh t ch thi ) Ex: I was very interested in reading books *)Participles used as adjective(phn t c dng nh tnh t) a)Hin ti phn t(Present Participle): V ing: nghi ch ng 1

b)Qu kh phn t(Past Participle): V ed/3: nghi b ng Ex: The film was very boring He is bored with this film Exercise: Complete the sentences with the suitable -ed, -ing form of the words in brackets. 1. The book Im reading is really _______. (Interest) 2. Im really ______ in reading this book. (Interest) 3. The girl was ______ about her coming birthday party. (Excite) 4. The match we saw on TV last night was very ______. (Excite) 5. The story I just finished had a very ______ ending. (Surprise) 6. I was really ______ by the ending of the story. (Surprise) 3) WILL AND GOING TO + WILL: quyt nh a ra vo thi im ni Ex: There is a post office over there. Ill post these letters You still havent put this shelf up, Tom. OK, Ill do it tomorrow + GOING TO: mt d nh Ex: Im going out, Im going to post these letters. _D on TL + WILL: dng sau I think, I dont think, Im sure, Im not sure Ex: I think Chelsea will win + GOING TO: mt d on c cn c Ex: There isnt a cloud in the sky. Its going to be a lovely day * WILL: mt li ngh: Ill open the door for you 1. What __________wear for tonights party? A. will you B. are you going C. are you D. are you going to 2. Did Tom do the examination? He ................. do it but in the end he changed his mind A. will B. is going to C. was going to D. decided 3. I ............... cross the road when somebody shouted Stop!. A. am going to B. was going to C. would D. will 4. I promise I ................... help you with your homework. A. will B. would C. should D. may 5. We have run out of water. Really? Give me the bucket and I .................. fetch some. A. will B. go C. am going to D. can 6. We need some bread for lunch. Oh, do we? I ................... go to the shop and get some. A. am B. am going to C. should D. will 4) It was not until; mi n....m..... Ex: It was not until 1915 that cinema becam an industry 1). The students didn`t stop chatting until their teacher came. It was not until .. 2). I didn`t know how to ride a bicycle until I was 5. It was not . 3). John didn`t finish reading my book until last Tuesday. It was not . 4). She didn`t recover her confidence until that morning. It was not . 5). My sister didn`t go abroad until she was at high school. 2

It was not .. 6). She didn`t go to bed until the light went out. It was not . 5) Non-defining and defining relative clause a)defining relative clause : Mnh quan h xc nh dng khi danh t ng trc khng xc nh, khng c du phy Ex: I have 3 cars. The car that is in garage is broken The car that I bought 3 years ago is broken I remember the day (when) I meet him b)Non-defining relative clause . Mnh quan h khng xc nh , dng khi danh t ng trc xc nh, c du phy EX : Mary, who introduced us at the party, called me last night Exercise: Combine the following sentences, using relative pronouns or adverbs : 1. The man is my uncle. He is talking to the police. 2. I know the boy. His bicycle was stolen. 3. Mr Lee teaches chemistry. I met him yesterday. 4. The students were very nice. We visited them yesterday. 5. The bomb caused a lot of damage. It went off this morning. 6/ Mrs. Linda has bought a big house . Her dog is very fierce 7/ Tom works in a factory that is very far from home. Toms car is very good. B Fill in the blank with the relative pronouns or adverbs: 1/ We have studied English at the school ________ I studied five years ago. 2/ I understood the reason _________ you told me. 3/ The book ____ I have just bought is very interesting. 4/ The girl _____ you met three days ago has just come here. 5/ The girl ________ picture has just been taken is a Miss. 6/ The hotel _____ we stayed for a week is a five star one. 7/ That was the reason _____ she left for Michigan. 8/ Do you remember the day __ we met each other? 9/ Have you finished the homework _______ was given by Miss Dung yesterday? 10/ He passed the final exam, _____ made his parents happy. 8) ARTICLES: A/AN , THE a) Mo t bt nh: a/an ng trc danh t khng xc nh ch ngi/vt khng xc nh hay m cp ln u Ex: The train stop at a station The play was a comedy My father is an engineer a) Mo t xc nh: the ng trc danh t xc nh ch ngi/vt xc nh hay cp n trc . Ex: A man booked into a hotel in Chatenham. Then he went out and didnt return to the hotel 3

Lu : Khng dng the - trc ba n: breakfast, dinner, lunch - trc mn th thao: football, tennis, badminton - trc cc cm t: at home, at work, at office Dng the - trc vt duy nht: the sun, the moon, the sky .. - trc nhc c: play the guitar, play the piano - trc mt s t ch t nc: the United States, the Philippines, the United Kingdom - the + tnh t: ch mt nhm ngi trong x hi: the poor, the rich, the injured Ex: The injured were taken to hospital Jane has gone to the hospital to visit Tom They are learning French. 1. I won't be home for ........... dinner this evening. I'm meeting some friends after .........work and we're going to ........... cinema. 2. .......... unemployment is very high at the moment and it's very difficult for ......... people to find.......... work.
3. There was ........... accident as . I was going ............ home last night.

4. We'd better go. We've been here for ..........hour.' 'That was.............. fastest hour I've ever spent.' 5. Don't forget we're meeting on ............Friday for ............ lunch. 6. 'I've got .........headache. 9) PASSIVE VOICE : Cu b ng b) Form: be + V3/-ed Ex: The book was written by Nguyen Du Cch chuyn t cu C sang B Active S + V + O Passive S + be + V3/-ed + by + O

Ex: Mike designed this house This house was designed by Mike Exercise 1: Put the verbs in brackets into correct voice. 1. The new motorway (plan) __________________ and built last year. 2. The photos (take) __________________ in a London studio last week. 3. The floor (clean) __________________ every morning. 4. Hundreds of people (report) __________________ to have lost their houses in the fire last weekend. 5. A lot of rice (grow) __________________ in Cuu Long Delta Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences: 1. Somebody will meet you at the airport. You 2. Someone broke into Toms house last night. Toms house 3. Mr. Clark will solve this problem soon. This problem 4. They are pulling down the old theater. The old house 5. They water the flowers every morning before sunrise. 4

The flowers 6 Nobody told me that George was ill. . I 7.The teacher doesnt call my name. My name. 8.They can hold the meeting before May Day. The meeting .. 9.Does she invite you to her wedding party? Are you .. 10) WH-QUESTION Wh- + V tr + S + V chnh + O? HT: Wh- + do / does + S + V1 + O? HTTD: Wh- + is / am/are + S + V-ing ? QK: Wh- + did + S + V1 ? HTHT: Wh- + have / has + S + V3/-ed ? TL: Wh- + will / shall + S + V1 ? Cc t hi: - What: ci g? - Who: ai? - When: khi no? - Where: u? - How long bao lu? - How often bao lu mt ln? - How old bao nhiu tui? - How tall cao bao nhiu? - How heavy nng bao nhiu? - How far bao xa? - How many + N m c bao nhiu? - How much gi bao nhiu? - How much + N khng m c c bao nhiu? 1. I like football because it makes me excited. 2. We bought the souvenirs in Ha Long Bay last summer. 3. My sister enjoys listening to classical music. 4. There were about 90 to 100 people at the concert last night. 5. We take a holiday once a year. 11) CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 2 a) Form If Clause Main Clause b) Use Ex: I dont know her name. If I knew her name I would tell you 5

12) CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 3 If Clause Main Clause Ex:( I did not visit Mary because I did not know her was in town) If I had known Mary was in town I would have visited her Exercise 1: Give the correct form of the verb in brackets. 1. If I had known that you were in hospital, I (visit) __________________ you. 2. If you (speak) _______________more slowly, he might have understood you. 3. He (look) __________________ a lot better if he saved more often. 4. If I became very rich, I (build ) ________________ a hospital for the poor. 5. What (you do) __________________ if you got fat ? 6. What you (do) __________________ if you found a burglar in your house? Exercise 2 :Rewrite the following sentences begin with IF 1. Because I didnt know that there was a test yesterday, I didnt study 2. We came by bus because there were no taxis. 3. We dont visit the museum because we dont have time. 4. You didnt tell me we had run out of bread, so I didnt buy any. 5. He doesnt work hard at school so he gets many bad marks 6. She didnt know you were in hospital, so she didnt visit you. 13) ALTHOUGH or DESPITE Although / Even though / Though + S + V Despite / In spite of + N / V-ing Ex: Although he is rich, he is not happy. (Dont write: Although he is rich, but he is not happy.) Despite being rich, he is not happy. / In spite of his richness, he is not happy. Exercise : Rewrite each sentence. 1. It was snowing but they still went out for a walk. Although 2. Although Toms leg was injured, he practiced playing soccer. In spite of.. 3.Although she is good at English, she didnt get the scholarship. Despite. 4 .James had a headache, but he still read until late. In spite of .. 5. Despite the bad weather, they still went on their picnic. Even though. 6. In spite of having learning French for 3 years, they are not able to speak it well. Although .