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DESIGN CALCULATION OF SPILLWAY GATE

1
Design data
Type Radial gate
Max.Flood level
337
m
High water level
336
m
Low water level
336
m
Crest El.
340
m
Clear span
14
m
Height
11
m
Design head-H
11
m
Quantity
2
sets
All.stress-SS400 1200 kg/cm2
All.stress-SM490
1600 kg/cm2
Corr.all.
2
mm

Economic radius of radial gate


R=
1.25 * H
=
1.25*11
=
13.75 m
sin /2=
h/2
R
=
5.5
13.75
=
0.4
/2 = 23.58 o
=
47.16 o
<=
0.26 radiant

Arc length of gate


L=
R * (< in radiant)
=
3.14*13.75 *0.26
=
11.31 m

4
(a)

Spacing of horizontal girder


Number of girder-N, according to standard for H= 8.5 to 12
3
Water pressure, t/m2
spacing, m
kg/cm2
0.000
0.000
a
2.245
b1 =
3.726

(b)
p0 =

p1 =

4.491
b

4.491
6.134
b2 =

p2 =

3.189

7.778
c

7.778
8.910
b3 =
2.644
9.559

p3 =

10.042
d

10.042
b4 =

p4 =

5
5.1

11.000
e

1.441 10.521
11.000
11.000

Vertical stiffeners
Bending moment on vertical stiffeners
M ab= p1*b1^2/6
=
4.49*3.73^2/6

=
=

10.391 tm
1,039,086

kg-cm

M cb & bc =
(p1*b2^2/12)+(p2*b2^2/12)
=
(4.49*3.19^2/12)+(7.78*3.19^2/12)
=
10.40 tm
=
1,039,761
kg-cm
M cd & dc =
(p2*b3^2/12)+(p3*b3^2/12)
=
(7.78*2.64^2/12)+(10.04*2.64^2/12)
=
10.38 tm
=
1,038,110
kg-cm
M de = (p3*b4^2/2)+(p4*b4^2/3)
=
(10.04*1.44^2/2)+(11*1.44^2/3)
=
10.43 tm
=
1,042,558
kg-cm
Max. bending moment- Mb max.
Mb max. =
1,042,558
kg-cm
5.2

Number of vertical stiffeners


Spacing, s =
0.60 m
N=
(B/s)+1
=
14/0.6+1
=
24

5.3

Bending stress
cd = Mmax =
Zxl
=
=

1042557.53
815.90
1042557.53
815.90
1,277.80

JIS G 3101
B
Tw
I
mm
200
9
Cor.all. mm
1
I x1 =
18,195 cm4
Z x1=
816
cm3
Aw =
77.54 cm2
G=
60.87 kg/m
Weight of vertical stiffener
Gst = N * L * G
=
24*11.31*60.87
=
16,753.18
kgs
Horizontal girder

tf/cm2

Material:

H
450

5.4

SS400
Tf
14

6.1

The end frames shall be fixed at about 0.2 * B distance from each end.
Distance of end frame from each end of the gate, e
b=
0.2 * B
=
0.2 *14
=
2.8
m
=
280
cm
Distance between end frames
e=
B - ( 2*b )
=
14 -(2 *2.8)
=
8.4
m
=
840
cm

6.2
(1)

(2)

Loads acting on horizontal girder


Beam B
wb = wb1 + wb2
wb1 = (p0 + 2 * p1) * b1
6
=
(0 + 2 * 4.49) * 3.73
6
wb2 = (2 * p1 + p2) * b2
6
=
(2 * 4.49 + 7.78) * 3.19
6
wb = 5.577 + 8.908
=
144.85
Beam C
wc = wc1 + wc2
wc1 = (p1 + 2 * p2) * b2
6
(4.49 + 2 * 7.78) * 3.19
6
6
=
10.66
wc2 = (2 * p2 + p3) * b3
6
=
(2 * 7.78 + 10.04) * 2.64
6
6
=
15.71

wc= 10.66 + 15.71


(3)

=
Beam D
wd= wd1 + wd2
wd1 = (p2 + 2 * p3) * b3
6
=
(7.78 + 2 * 10.04) * 2.64
6

5.577 tf/m

8.908 tf/m

=
14.485 tf/m
kgf/cm

=
=

63.930

tf/m
=
=

94.23

t/m

=
263.60 tf/cm

26.36 tf/m

12.278 tf/m

wd2 = (2 * p3 + p4) * b4
6
(2 * 10.04 + 11) * 10.52
=
7.465 tf/m
6
wd = 12.278 + 7.465
=
19.743 tf/m
=
197.43 kg/cm

6.3

wmax =
MBA = wmax * b ^2
2
11,356,240.00
2
=
Bending stress
BC = MBC =
Zxl
=
Upper girder
Material:
I
mm
Cor.all. mm

H
900

I x1 =
Z x1=
Aw =
G=

=
=
2

263.60 kg/cm
263.6 * 280 ^2

5,678,120.00

kg-cm

5678120
10454.64
11356240
10454.64
=
1,086.24
JIS G 3101
B
Tw
Tf
400
25
25
1
468,368
10,455
379.50
297.91

kgf/cm2
SS400

cm4
cm3
cm2
kg/m

6.4

Weight of horizontal girder


Gst = N * B * G
=
3*14*297.91
=
166,828.20
kgs

Skin plate
From the practical safety consideration the thickness of skin plates is of not less than 10 mm.
An allowance of 2 mm thickness is made to allow for corrosion and rusting.
This allowance is included in the minimum specified thickness of 10 mm.
So that the effective thickness of skin plate is only 8 mm.

7.1

Bending stress
s =
K * a^2 * p
100 x t^2

7.2

Result of calculation

a
(cm)
60
60
60
60

7.3

1
2
3
4
5
8

9
9.1

(a)

(b)

( c)

k=
50
b
b/a
p
t
(cm)
(kgf/cm2)
(cm) s
372.600
6.21 2.245 1.80 (kgf/cm2)
318.900
5.315 6.134 2.80 1247.4
264.400
4.407 8.910 3.80 1408.4
144.100
2.402 10.521 3.80 1110.6
allowable bending stress
SM-490 1311.5
Corrosion allowance
0.2
cm
Thickness of skin plate
1
20
mm
2
30
mm
3
40
mm
4
40
mm
Weight of skin plate, G=W * H * t * g
Width-W
Height-H
Thickness-t
Weight-G
(dm) (dm) (dm) (kg)
140
37.26 0.2
8,189.75
140
31.89 0.3
10,514.13
140
26.44 0.4
11,623.02
140
14.41 0.4
6,334.64
Total
36,661.54
Total weight of moving parts exluding end frame
Weight of vertical stiffener
=
16,753.18
Weight horizontal girder
=
166,828.20
Weight of skin plate
=
36,661.54
kgs
Total
=
220,242.92
kgs
Friction force
Friction force on pin
Assume pin pin diameter -df
=
0.3
Friction between bronze and steel- ff

kgs
kgs

600

mm

0.25

Maximum horizontal thrust on pin, P=


P=
B * H^2
2*n
where n = number of end frame = 2
=
14 *11^2
=
484
2*2
4
=
121
tf
Friction force on pin
Fp =
P * ff =
121 * 0.25
=
30.3 tf
Load due to friction- Tp
Tp * R = Fp * r
Tp =
Fp * r / R
=
30.25 *0.3 / 13.75
where
=
0.66 tf

R=
Fp =
R=
9.2

10

1
2
3
4

11
11.1

11.2

Radius of radial gate


Friction force on pin
Radius of pin

Friction force due to seal rubber


Assume width of seal bears water pressure - wr
=
50
=
0.05 m
Pressure area of rubber - ar =
2*L*wr =
2*11.31*0.05
=
1.13 m2
Average water pressure - pw
=
5.578 t/m2
Friction coefisien between rubber and steel- fr
=
1.1
Load due to friction of rubber seal - Tr
Tr =
pw * ar * fr
=
5.58*1.13*1.1
=
6.94 tf
Center of gravity
DESCRIPTIONS WEIGHT
DISTANCE
MOMENT
(kgs) (mm) (kgs.-mm)
gate leaf
220,243
11,311 2,491,162,385
end frame
24,575 6,875 168,953,560
total
244,818
2,660,115,945
center of gravity
10,866 from center of pin

Steel wire rope


Tension on Steel wire rope in normal condition
diameter, d
35
mm
breaking strength, T
kgf
unit weight, Wc
90
kg/m
Taking length of wire rope - Lc
=
12.31 m
Tension in wire rope due to its own weight
=
Total tension in one side of wire rope in normal condition - Wc
Wc = (Gg+Gf+Tr)/2 =
220.24+1.96+6.94/2
where
=
114.57 tf
Gg = weight of gate leaf
=
220.24 tf
Df =
portion of end frame weight at wire rope position
(Dwg.3)
=
1.96 tf
Tension on wire rope in Emergeny condition

1.11

mm

tf

(a)

(i)

Related dimensions
span - B
=
14
m
Radius - R
=
13.75 m
tan A =B/R
=
13.75/14
=
0.98
angle < A
=
44.48 o
Nearest distance from pin to diagonal line of another pin to the edge of gate leaf - "X"

(ii)

X/B= SIN(A)
X=
sin(A)*B
=
9.81 m
angel < D =
=
45.49 o
Distance from intersection of diagonal line and gate center line to pin centerline - "Y"

( iii)

Y/X = SIN(D)
y=
sin(D)*X
C of G =

(iv)

7.00 m
=
10.87 m
from center of pin
Distance from intersection of diagonal line and gate center line to center of gravity - "Z"

(v)

Z=
10.87-7
=
3.87 m
Nearest distance from c.g to diagonal line of another pin to the edge of gate leaf - "p"

p=
sin(D)*X
(Dwg.4)
(b)

(i)

(ii)

2.758 m

Moments
Taking moment about vertical plane passing through diagonal line
Gg*p = Rd*X
Reaction at point d, Rd
Rd = Gg * p
X
=
110.12*2.76 =
9.81
9.81
=

303.68
30.94 tf
(downward)

Taking moment about vertical plane passing through wire rope line P-Q
Rd*Cc - Gg*Dc = Ra*Bc
Ra =
reaction at point A
Ra =
=

(Rd*Cc) - (Gg*Dc )
Bc
(30.94*0.6) - (110.12*6.4)
13.4
13.4
=
(51.21) tf
(upward)

(686.21)

where
Cc =
Gg =
Dc =
Bc =
(iii)

nearest distance of wire rope from point D


Load on c.g/2
110.12 tf
nearest distance of wire rope from point c.g
nearest distance of wire rope from point A

0.6

6.4
13.4

m
m

Tension in emergency
Taking moment about vertical plane passing through D, parallel to line AK
X*(Ra+T')=Gg*(X+Cc)
(Ra*X)+(T'*X)=Gg*(X+Cc)
T'*X=Gg*(X+Cc)-(Ra*X)
T'*X= Gg*(X+Cc)-(Ra*X)
T' =
110.12*(9.81+0.6)-(-51.21*9.81)
9.81
=
1,649.35
=
168.13 tf
9.81

Added with friction loads


T=

175.07 tf

12
12.1
(a)

End frame
Axial loads on end frame members
Axial load
wb = 14.49 t/m
wc = 26.36 t/m
wd = 19.74 t/m
w max =
26.36 t/m

( b)

Maximum Hydrostatic load - F


F=
wmax * B /2
=
26.36 *14/2
=
621.52 tf

( c)

Inclined component along the line of end member - F'


Radius - R
=
13.75 m
Angle of end frame inclination -
=
Length of end frame - L = R / cos ()
=
=
15.80 m
F' =
F*L/R
=
621.52*15.8/13.75
=
713.98 tf
Profil for end frames
Upper girder
Material:
JIS G 3101
SS400
H
B
Tw
Tf
Double-I
mm
750
300
30
30
Cor.all. mm
1
I x1 = 586,564
cm4
Z x1=
15,726 cm3
Aw =
722.40 cm2
G=
567.08 kg/m

(d)

(e)

Bending moment - Bm
length of end frame, L' = L - (hf+hg)
where
L = incline distance of end frame
hf = height of vertical stiffeners web
hg = height of horizontal girders web
Bm =
=
=
=

(f)

G * L'^2
8
567.08 *(14.45)^2
8
118,331
8
14,791.40
kgm

Bending stress - Sb
Sb =
Bm*100

F'

11.51 o
13.75/-0.87

14.45 m

=
=
=

15.80 m
m
m

=
=
=
=
(g)

z
14791.4*100
15725.57
1,479,140.40
15725.57
94.06 +
1,082.40

A
+
+

713.98*1000
722.4
713975.11
722.4

988.34
kg/cm2

Weight of one element of end frame


Gst = L' * G
=
14.45*567.08
=
Total weight- Gef = N * Gst
N = number of arm

8,191.69
=
=

kgs
24,575.06
3

kgs