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Evaluation of ks (kN/m) :

AREA C
Depth
Soil Report
8
9.5
11
12.5
14
15.5
17
18.5
20
21.5
23
24.5
26
27.5

C (kN/sqm)
1
2.5
4
5.5
7
8.5
10
11.5
13
14.5
16
17.5
19
20.5
B

22
23.5
25
26.5
28
29.5
31
32.5
34
35.5
Surcharge
on pile

Shape Factor
Cm

15
19
15
21
24
23
33
30
23
31
53
58
51
54
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

10 +
q
58

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
Soil fill
ko
1

B
1.2

ks (kN/cum)

Spring constant
(kN/m)
838
1508
1061
1910
838
1508
1173
2111
1340
2412
1284
2312
1843
3317
1675
3015
1284
2312
1731
3116
2959
5327
3238
5829
2848
5126
3015
5427
ks (kN/cum)
80000
73500
85000
78000
90000
82500
95000
87000
100000
91500
105000
96000
110000
100500
115000
105000
120000
109500
125000
111000
density avg 12 considered
4 x 12
48
69.6

CLAY

SAND

58 kN/m

kN/m

on pile cap
10

Lateral Earth Pressure on Piles


Depth
0
1.5
3
4.5
6
7.5
9
10.5
12
13.5

4.8

ko

0.3

Density

0.5

7.2 kN

gh

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

0.3

18

0.5

-2C
0
14.4
28.8
43.2
57.6
72
86.4
100.8
115.2
129.6

-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30

-15.6
-1.2
13.2
27.6
42
56.4
70.8
85.2
99.6

on pile cap
2.4

6.48 kN

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure

1200 Dia. Bored Cast-in-situ Piles

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure

The horizontal modulus of sub grade reaction is (Refer J. Bowles Eq. 9-10 Page 504)
Ks = As + Bs Zn
Z = Depth of Interest below ground
As = constant for either horizontal or vertical members
Bs = coefficient for depth variation
n = exponent to give Ks the best fit

Depth
6.5-19
19-28
28-36
36-43

Substituting
As = Area x (80xFOSxBC)

And n =1
Where Bs = C
C = 80 (corresponding to = 12 mm settlement)

m3
As per Meyerhof Nq = etan

(45 +/2)

sub
From NGL Z (C.O.L) As
Nq
Sq
6.5
1
7620
1
1
9.5
3
7620
1
1
12.5
6
7620
1
1
15.5
9
7620
1
1
18.5
12
7620
1
1
21.5
15
38100
1
1
24.5
18
38100
1
1
27.5
21
38100
1
1
30.5
24
50800
23.15 1.006871
33.5
27
50800
23.15 1.006871
36.5
30
50800
23.15 1.006871
39.5
33
63500
26.07 1.007161
42.5
36
63500
26.07 1.007161

Ks values at various depth are


K1.0
7620

B
1

0.76

K2.0

7620

0.76

K3

7620

0.76

K4

10058.4

0.76

K5

10435.62

0.76

K6

41641.46

0.76

K7

41979.47

0.76

K8

42290.31

0.76

K9

155232.5

0.76

Bs
8
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10

812.8
1407.811
1990.945
2438.4
2815.622
3541.456
3879.471
4190.307
104432.5
123074.9
129732.4
153217.2
160030.1

Bs
0
0
0

K10

173874.9

0.76

K11

180532.4

0.76

K12

216717.2

0.76

K13

223530.1

0.76

Spring stiffness are

K1

BL ( 2.ks1 + ks2 ) / 6

K2

BL ( 2.ks2 + ks1 ) / 6

K'2

BL ( 2.ks2 + ks3 ) / 6

K2

K2+k'2

K1

2895.6

K2

5791.2

K'2

5791.2 K2

K3

8686.8

K'3

9613.392 K3

K4

10539.98

K'4

11609.92 K4

K5

11753.26

K'5

23754.83 K5

K6

35613.04

K'6

47599.71 K6

K7

47728.15

K'7

47974.71 K7

K8

48092.83

K'8
K9

91129 K8

11582.4

18300.19

22149.9

35508.09

83212.75

95702.87

139221.8

134047

K'9

184049.2 K9

K10

191133.3

K'10

200747.2 K10

K11

203277.1

K'11

219557.1 K11

K12

233307.3

K'12

249646.5 K12

318096.2

391880.5

422834.2

482953.8

Strata
BC (kN/m2)phi
Clay
30
Stiff clay
150
Dense sand
200
Dense sand
250

0
0
32
33

Evaluation of ks (kN/m) :
AREA C
Depth
Soil Report
6.5
9.5
12.5
15.5
18.5
21.5
24.5

1
3
3
3
3
3
3

1
4
6
9
12
15
18

27.5
30.5
33.5
36.5
39.5
42.5

3
3
3
3
3
3

21
24
27
30
33
36

C (kN/sqm)

Surcharge
on pile

10

Shape Factor
Cm

ks (kN/cum)
1058
1058
1763
1763
2204
3967
3967

Spring constant
(kN/m)
804
2412
4020
4020
5025
9045
9045

ks (kN/cum)
80000
85000
90000
95000
100000
105000

46550
49400
52250
55100
57950
39900

12
12
20
20
25
45
45
L
0.76
0.76
0.76
0.76
0.76
0.76

q
58

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

density avg 12 considered


4 x 12

Soil fill
ko
1

B
1.2

69.6

SAND

48

58 kN/m

kN/m

on pile cap
10

Lateral Earth Pressure on Piles


Depth
0
1.5
3
4.5
6
7.5
9
10.5
12
13.5

4.8

ko

0.3

Density

0.5

7.2 kN

gh

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

0.3

18

0.5

-2C
0
14.4
28.8
43.2
57.6
72
86.4
100.8
115.2
129.6

-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30

-15.6
-1.2
13.2
27.6
42
56.4
70.8
85.2
99.6

on pile cap
2.4

6.48 kN

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure

1200 Dia. Bored Cast-in-situ Piles

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure

Evaluation of ks (kN/m) :
AREA C
Depth
Soil Report

C (kN/sqm)

8
9.5
11
12.5
14
15.5
17
18.5
20
21.5
23
24.5
26
27.5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

B
11
13
15
18

Shape Factor
Cm

ks (kN/cum)
2094
2094
2094
2094
2094
2094
2094
2094
2094

Spring constant
(kN/m)
838
838
838
838
838
838
838
838
838

ks (kN/cum)
4000
5000
6000
10000

1733.333333
2133.333333
2933.333333
5200

12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5
12.5

2
2
2
3

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

2
2
2
3

CLAY

SAND

Surcharge
on pile

10 +
q
58

density avg 12 considered


4 x 12

Soil fill
ko
1

B
1.2

69.6

48

58 kN/m

kN/m

on pile cap
10

4.8

0.3

0.5

7.2 kN

Lateral Earth Pressure on Piles


Depth

ko

Density

gh

0
1.5
3
4.5
6
7.5
9
10.5
12
13.5

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

2.4

0.3

18

0.5

-2C
0
14.4
28.8
43.2
57.6
72
86.4
100.8
115.2
129.6

-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30
-30

-15.6
-1.2
13.2
27.6
42
56.4
70.8
85.2
99.6

on pile cap
6.48 kN

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure

1200 Dia. Bored Cast-in-situ Piles

Bunker Raft
Surcharge Load Due to Construction Equipment

Deep Pit in STG Building


FL (-) 9.0 m

Surcharge Load

Lateral Earth
Pressure