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$Id: RUNNING.txt 354430 2005-12-06 13:44:26Z yoavs $ ============================================ Running The Tomcat 5.

5 Servlet/JSP Container ============================================ Out of the box, Tomcat 5.5 requires the Java 2 Standard Edition Runtime Environment (JRE) version 5.0 or later. However, you can also run Tomcat 5.5 on earlier versions of the JRE, as detailed below. ============================= Running With JRE 5.0 Or Later ============================= (1) Download and Install the J2SE Runtime Environment (JRE) (1.1) Download the Java 2 Standard Edition Runtime Environment (JRE), release version 5.0 or later, from http://java.sun.com/j2se. (1.2) Install the JRE according to the instructions included with the release. (1.3) Set an environment variable named JAVA_HOME to the pathname of the directory into which you installed the JRE, e.g. c:\j2sdk5.0 or /usr/local/java/j2sdk5.0. (2) Download and Install the Tomcat Binary Distribution NOTE: As an alternative to downloading a binary distribution, you can create your own from the Tomcat source repository, as described in "BUILDING.txt". If you do this, the value to use for "${catalina.home}" will be the "dist" subdirectory of your source distribution. (2.1) Download a binary distribution of Tomcat from: http://tomcat.apache.org (2.2) Unpack the binary distribution into a convenient location so that the distribution resides in its own directory (conventionally named "apache-tomcat-[version]"). For the purposes of the remainder of this doc ument, the symbolic name "$CATALINA_HOME" is used to refer to the full pathname of the release directory. (3) Start Up Tomcat (3.1) Tomcat can be started by executing the following commands: $CATALINA_HOME\bin\startup.bat $CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh (Windows) (Unix)

(3.2) After startup, the default web applications included with Tomcat will be available by visiting: http://localhost:8080/ (3.3) Further information about configuring and running Tomcat can be found in

the documentation included here, as well as on the Tomcat web site: http://tomcat.apache.org (4) Shut Down Tomcat (4.1) Tomcat can be shut down by executing the following command: $CATALINA_HOME\bin\shutdown $CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh (Windows) (Unix)

==================================== Running Tomcat With J2SE Version 1.4 ==================================== (1) Obtain the compat package: (1.1) Download the compat package from the binary download site: http://tomcat.apache.org * Or build this package yourself from the source code: see "BUILDING.txt" in this directory. (2) Unzip the package in $CATALINA_HOME. It will place the XML parser APIs and Xerces implementation in the common/endorsed directory, and the JMX API jar (jmx.jar from Sun) in the bin directory. (3) Follow the same directions for starting and stopping the server as if you were using J2SE 5.0. ================================================== Advanced Configuration - Multiple Tomcat Instances ================================================== In many circumstances, it is desirable to have a single copy of a Tomcat binary distribution shared among multiple users on the same server. To make this possible, you can pass a "-Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE" argument when executing the startup command (see (2)). In this "-Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE" argument, replace $CATALINA_BASE with the directory that contains the files for your 'personal' Tomcat instance. When you use this "-Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE" argument, Tomcat will calculate all relative references for files in the following directories based on the value of $CATALINA_BASE instead of $CATALINA_HOME: * conf - Server configuration files (including server.xml) * logs - Log and output files * shared - For classes and resources that must be shared across all web applications * webapps - Automatically loaded web applications

* work - Temporary working directories for web applications * temp - Directory used by the JVM for temporary files (java.io.tmpdir) If you do not pass the "-Dcatalina.base=$CATALINA_BASE" argument to the startup command, $CATALINA_BASE will default to the same value as $CATALINA_HOME , which means that the same directory is used for all relative path resolutions. The administration and manager web applications, which are defined in the $CATALINA_BASE/conf/Catalina/localhost/admin.xml and $CATALINA_BASE/conf/Catalina/localhost/manager.xml files, will not run in that configuration, unless either: - The path specified in the docBase attribute of the Context element is made absolute, and replaced respectively by $CATALINA_HOME/server/webapps/admin and $CATALINA_HOME/server/webapps/manager - Both web applications are copied or moved to $CATALINA_BASE, and the path specified in the docBase attribute of the Context element is modified appropriately. - Both web applications are disabled by removing $CATALINA_BASE/conf/Catalina/localhost/admin.xml and $CATALINA_BASE/conf/Catalina/localhost/manager.xml. ================ Troubleshooting ================ There are only really 3 things likely to go wrong during the stand-alone Tomcat install: (1) The most common hiccup is when another web server (or any process for that matter) has laid claim to port 8080. This is the default HTTP port that Tomcat attempts to bind to at startup. To change this, open the file: $CATALINA_HOME/conf/server.xml and search for '8080'. Change it to a port that isn't in use, and is greater than 1024, as ports less than or equal to 1024 require superuser access to bind under UNIX. Restart Tomcat and you're in business. Be sure that you replace the "8080" in the URL you're using to access Tomcat. For example, if you change the port to 1977, you would request the URL http://localhost:1977/ in your browse r. (2) An "out of environment space" error when running the batch files in Windows 95, 98, or ME operating systems. Right-click on the STARTUP.BAT and SHUTDOWN.BAT files. Click on "Properties", then on the "Memory" tab. For the "Initial environment" field , enter in something like 4096. After you click apply, Windows will create shortcuts which you can use to start and stop the container. (3) The 'localhost' machine isn't found. This could happen if you're behind a

proxy. If that's the case, make sure the proxy configuration for your browser knows that you shouldn't be going through the proxy to access the "localhost". In Netscape, this is under Edit/Preferences -> Advanced/Proxies, and in Internet Explorer, Tools -> Internet Options -> Connections -> LAN Settings.