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FIRE HOSE

OBJECTIVE Learning Outcome 1 Describe Fire Hose.

Assessment Criteria 1

1.1

Describe types of fire hose used in Fire Service. Demonstrate hose carry, roll and unrolled techniques of delivery hose. State care and service testing procedures of fire hose.

1.2 1.3 REFERENCES

a. Essentials Fourth Edition Of Fire Fighting Chapter 12. b. Manual Of Firemanship Fire Brigade Equipment Book 2.

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FIRE HOSE
INTRODUCTION The term fire hose identifies a type of flexible tube used by firefighters to carry water under pressure from the source of supply to a point where it is discharged. In order to be reliable, fire hose should be constructed of the best materials, and it should be contructed of the best materials, and it should not be used for prupose other than fire fighting. Fire hose is the most used item in the fire service. It must be fexible, be watertight, have a smooth lining, and have durable covering (also called a hose jacket). Depending on its intended use, fire hose is manufactured in different configurations such as single-jacket, and hard rubber noncollapsing types (Figure 1.1).

TYPES OF FIRE HOSE USED IN FIRE SERVICE The liquid temperature at which application of an ignition source will cause a flame to flash across the liquid. This is a premixed flame moving through the vapour/air mixture but, just above the flashpoint, it burns out, or self-extinguishes, because it has consumed all the vapor. If heating is continued, a temperature will be reached at which ignition of the vapours will lead to a flash, followed by the development of the sustained diffusion flame at the surface flame. Divided into two (2) types: a. b. Delivery Hose. Suction Hose.

Delivery Hose. Used to drain water from the supply to its destination while the flow will be the pressure exceeds the air pressure the ordinary. Delivery hose is divided into three (3) types, namely: a. Canvas hose (Unlined Hose). Made from flax, hemp, ramie, cotton and other plants. Outside the canvas cloth containing two sets of yarn, thread called the longitudinal and the transverse warp thread called weft thread. Length is 30.3 meters. Diameter of 64 mm or 50 mm. (See Figure 1). Warp Thread Weft Thread

b. Rubber Line Hose (Rubber Hose). This is the same type of hose with hose except in the inside of the canvas covered with rubber to prevent water from absorb out. c. Hosrel (Hose Reel). absorb water (non-percolating) small size. Hosrel sender types belong to the host is not

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Suction Hose. Used to suck water from the source particular for continuous water supply during an emergency. The flow of water in it low pressure or normal pressure. Made of strong wire coated with hard rubber to withstand the normal air pressure in the air to clear it. Size, the length of 2:44 m, 3:05 m and 3.69 m diameter 102 mm.

Figure 1 : Comman types of fire hose

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Hose Carry, Roll And Unrolled Techniques Of Delivery Hose. The hose can be carried in three ways carry, grip and hold.

Carry

Grip

Hold

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Recap Host The hose can be rolled up in various ways. In Malaysia, especially in Force Fire Services, the hose is wound up in four ways: a. b. c. d. Coil Roll. Dutch Roll. Flaking. Figure of Eight.

Coil Roll

Dutch Roll

Flaking Care and Maintenance

Figure of Eight

Here's how to care and maintenance of the hose so that it is always in in good condition: a. Rubber Hose and Hose canvas: (1) Store in a dry and well ventilated good.

(2) Keep on a shelf or hanging in the tower hose (hose tower) if not is used. (3) rubber hose must drain water into it from time to time so that the rubber does not stick to the inside. (4) Do not stretch the rubber hose on a pile of rubble after fire to prevent damage to the jacket. (5) Attach the ramp if the hose across the roadways.

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(6) (7) (8) b.

Remove the water in it after use. new Host gulungannya received must be relaxed. Wash and dry after use.

Suction Hose: (1) (2) (3) shall be washed / cleaned after use with water net. Threads on Coupling and washer shall be examined after is used. Threads on Coupling grease should be applied if necessary.

(4) Do not let Coupling dragged or pulled along the ground or a hard surface. (5) While tightening the suction hose connections, use the 'wrench' reserved. Inspection and Testing Here are the means of inspections and tests the host: a. Host Transmitter. Inspection and test carried out when the host is received and annually as follows: (1) (2) (3) (4) Determine no signs of leaks, rust and friction. Determine the Coupling and a good bond. Determine the rubber washer in the female there Coupling. For the pressure test as follows: (a) Hose Canvas. pressure of 8 bar. (b) Rubber Hose. pressure of 10 bar. Use the nozzle is 25 mm with

Use a measuring nozzle 19mm with

b. Suction Hose. Create a Vacuum Test with pressure 22 "(Compound Gauge), where the pressure does not drop more than 10 "and over 10 minutes for test monthly and 6 months. Wash Hose Here's how to clean the hose in the normal way: a. Expand the hose and clean from any impurities. b. Rinse with clean water hose with a soft brush. c. Drain hose before making storage.

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Dry Hose There are two ways to dry the hose that is: a. Regular (Natural). Such as dried or suspended in the middle of summer hose tower. b. Mechanical. As placed in the cabinet dryer equipped with heating (heater).

CONCLUSION With this knowledge let the firefighter of a hose by means of right and good care.

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