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Where legitimacy did not come from: - Seeking out what their authorities should be - Felt that they

should be doing something much more important - They expected to be great national leaders, rather than being people who simply worked in the background 1. Contact with or instruction from the outside world: even with some states toying with the idea of instruction, the Washington Community was pretty much its on its own a. Unless you were from a neighboring state, there was a limited travel back home b. Transportation was not easy c. Communications were also extremely slow an dunevene.g. Battle of New Orleans (Last battle of the War of 1812however, the war had already ended but nobody knew the battle was inconsequential Compared to NOW: 1. No public opinion polls a. Pointless because it would take to long to gather the data 2. Not much of a press corp 3. No developed party system to legitimacy action based upon organized, common thought 4. No close contact with interest groups as liaisons between a public (national, state, or otherwise) and representatives a. Did not think of these active organizations that we now have How did they try to legitimatize their existencepart I? 1. Remember, most didnt want to be there and most were rather ambivalent about their exercise of powers (2nd sons) 2. Legitimize as the Constitution didcreate a geographic system of separation that matched the Constitutional separation Geographic and Mental Separation From Each Other: - In location - In Socializing (current Washington Community) o Socializing actually allows for a much more functional congress versus when you dont o Despite the silliness of how this sounds, this would allow them to have more of a consensus - Even, for some, in burial arrangements o Eventually, we start to see even separation of powers in depth o You even see a separation of burial areas for people in the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of government Where did a sense of legitimacy come from the Washington Community residents?

In spite of the Constitutional and geographic attempt to isolate the WC representatives, those representativesat least in the legislative branch were tying their legitimacy to ilnks with their constituents As their was no real contact with their constituents, their fellow members of states and regions became surrogates for that legitimizing link o Winds up devolving to is that you develop that indirect connection to your constituents bak home by socializing the most with individuals who demographically, geographically, and culturally connect with you o We have the tendency to hang out with the people who were most like us

James Sterling Young: WC as political anthropology - Boarding houses, social pressure, and governmental decision making o Most men of Congress lived in boarding houses - Limited continuity of membershipbiennial turnover was 41.5% of total membership in first 40 yearsnew acquaintances in boarding houses o Reinforce the notion of continuing regionalism and a reinforcement of regional ideas and regional competitiveness, as opposed to this in terms of national consensus - Congressional turnoverconstant: o Misery of location o Disconnect from home and family REALLY in isolation Framers were hoping for isolation, however NOT in this way did not want to be COMPLETELY isolated, which often times, they were Around WC was swamps and desolation Very few paved roads o National politics not all that important Hard to convince people Compared to now, there was A LOT more agreement in the past - Yure isolated and your only connection to the outside world are people who are like you.. you are living 24/7 with them and that reinforces the sense of regionalism You almost put people in a situation where theres going to be a natural inclination to be so dependent on the others you live with for any kind of moral support to be basically cast aside from those people could be totally devastating Short Review: - In spite of Framers Intentions (MADISON) o Doing everything it could to adhere to the constitution the ytried not to have isolation o They WANTED national consensus

Washington Community, Constituents and Legitimacy - Constituents were indirectly linked to their representatives - They voted for them in the house of representatives their state legislatures vote for members of the Senate, they found some link by way of the constitution in terms of representation The Senate as a Deliberative BodyFederalist Plan? - Not any more permanent than members of the Housemany left before one term was over o So much for continuity, expertise and stability (institutional memory) Note: leaving the Washington community didnt mean leaving politicsreturn to state/entire Congress69% 2/3rds of those who left Congress didnt leave Congress because they didnt want to stop being involved in politics. Rather, they felt that they felt that Washington D.C. was NOT the proper place for politics, but rather do it back home they didnt leave politics. They took a step down, but it was seen politically, powerfully, economically, and in particularly, a step up. Irony: The only type of policy that was developed that made the Senate special, was the notion of senatorial courtesy The hope that the Senate would be the special body of consensus