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UNIVERSIDAD DE CARABOBO

FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE EDUCACIÓN


ESCUELA DE EDUCACIÓN
DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS
CÁTEDRA: GRAMATICA Y LINGÜÍSTICA INGLESA
ASIGNATURA: LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA
PREPARADORA: MELISSA MONTILLA

Phonology

Exercises:

 Consider the following data from an artificial language:

[mamĕk] [mutante] [levmŏg]


[vipåtmu] [kaimapu] [godǐk]
[tefma] [lotem] [půfande]

1. [m]. [m] and [n] are allophones; determine which one is the basic sound.
2. Are they in free variation?
3. State their point of articulation, manner of articulation and voicing.
4. Are velar vowels in this language phonemic? Why?
5. Are they predictable? Why?
6. Are voiceless vowels in this language phonetic? Why?
7. Are they predictable? Why?
8. State in notations all the phonological rules that you can account for in this
language.

 Consider the following data from “Palintenick”, a synthetic language:

[palĩntēnĭk] new language [pŭgodũnăk] old car


[tǐkatasa] big dog [malĩntēnĭk] new word
[rĩmãnăk] old bike [ripatisa] small car
[pēnĩnatisa] small dog [pǒkitasa] big computer

1. Are [m] and [p] allophones of one phoneme? Why?


2. What phonological processes are present in the data given?
3. Are they phonemic?
4. Are they predictable?
5. If they are predictable state a phonological rule for each one of them.
6. According to the data given, how many palintenick phonemes can you account
for? Describe them.
7. What is the phonemic representation of the word meaning “car”?
8. If the phonemic representation of the word meaning “old house” is /tunanekinak/
give the phonemic and phonetic representation of the word meaning “small
house”.

 Based on your knowledge of English, determine if long “I” and short “I” are
allophones or different phonemes. Give many details as possible

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