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SMKDBL SMK DATO BENTARA LUAR BATU PAHAT 1st CURRICULUM EVALUATION 2009 CHEMISTRY FORM 5 1 HOUR NAME:

: ............................................. CLASS : .................................... Section A

JOM CHEMISTRY A1

Instruction : Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best option for each question. Write your answers in answer form at the end of the questions at page 6. 1. The following are units of the rate of reaction except A g s-1 B g min-1 C mol s-1 D mol dm-1 The graph below shows the volume of gas produced plotted against time.
Volume of gas (cm3) 60 50 40 30 20 10 1 2 Time (minute) 3

3.

2.

Which of these following reactions is classify as fast reaction? I Ripening of tomatoes II Striking a match III Burning of petrol in a car engine IV The weathering of limestones by acid rain A IV only B II and III only C II, III and IVonly D I, II, III and IV Which of the following cannot be used to determine the rate of reaction? I Volume of gas released per unit time II Change of colour intensity per unit time III Mass of precipitate produced per unit time IV Increase in the mass of reactant per unit time A III only B IV only C I and II only D III and IV only

4.

Based on the graph, find the average rate of reaction for the first two minutes. A 10.0 cm3 min-1 B 20.0 cm3 min-1 C 30.0 cm3 min-1 D 40.0 cm3 min-1

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SMKDBL 5. The graph below shows the volume of carbon dioxide gas liberated plotted against time for the reaction between marble and excess hydrochloric acid.
Volume of carbon dioxide gas (cm3)

7.

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 Three experiments were conducted by a group of students to investigate the reaction between excess zinc, and the acids as shown in the table below. Experimen Hydrochloric acid t 25 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 P hydrochloric acid 50 cm3 of 1.5 moldm-3 Q hydrochloric acid 40.0 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 R sulphuric acid The graphs obtained are shown below.
Volume of carbon dioxide gas (cm3) Experiment I Experiment II Experiment III

6 Time (s)

The volume of carbon dioxide remains constant after 4 minutes because A the mass of catalyst decreases B all the marble has been used up C all the hydrochloric has been used up D the rate of reaction remained constant 6. Which of the following best describe the properties of catalyst? I A catalyst increases the rate of collision II A catalyst increases a quantity of product III A positive catalyst is used to accelerate reactions IV Only a small amount of catalyst is needed to catalyze a reactions A I and II only B I and III only C II and IV only D III and IV only
t

Time (minute)

Which of the following represents the results of the experiments correctly? P Q R A I II III B III I II C II I III D III II I 8. When the temperature decreases, the number of effective collisions also decreases because A the activation energy increases B the average kinetic energy decreases C the number of atoms increases when the bonds are broken D the particles collide more often increases the activation energy

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SMKDBL 9. Zinc powder reacts faster with hydrochloric acid than a zinc strip because A there is a layer of zinc oxide on the zinc strip B the zinc powder has a larger total surface area C the particles of zinc powder have more kinetic energy D the particles in the zinc strip packed more closely together The diagram shows an energy profile diagram.
Energy
10 0

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 12. 5 g magnesium carbonate is placed in a conical flask on an electronic balance and 25 cm3 dilute hydrochloric acid is added. The change in mass is recoded at 30 s intervals. The results of the experiment are shown in the diagram below.
Flask + contents
40 30 20

10.

Y kJ mol Reactants X kJ mol-1

-1

10

20

30

40

Time (s)

Products

Based on the above energy profile diagram, the amount of activation energy is.. A (Y X) kJ mol-1 B X kJ mol-1 C (X Y) kJ mol-1 D Y kJ mol-1 11. 4 g magnesium powder is reacted in excess of dilute hydrochloric acid. It is found that after 0.5 minutes, 2.8 g of magnesium powder is left as residue. What is the average rate of reaction for this reaction? [Relative atomic mass: Mg, 24] A 0.05 mol min-1 B 0.01 mol min-1 C 0.1 mol min-1 D 0.2 mol min-1

At what time was the rate of reaction the highest? A 10 min B 20 min C 30 min D 40 min 13. In an experiment, zinc metal is mixed with 50 cm3 of acid. Which of the following mixture will yield gas with the lowest initial rate of reaction? A 6 g of granulated zinc with 0.4 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid. B 6 g zinc powder with 0.4 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. C 12 g granulated zinc with 0.2 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid. D 12 g of zinc powder with 0.2 mol dm-3 hydrochlporic acid.

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SMKDBL 14. Curve R in the following graph shows the decomposition of 30 cm3 of 0.50 mol dm-3 of hydrogen peroxide by using 0.2 g of manganese(IV) oxide as catalyst at a temperature of 30 oC. 16.
Volume of oxygen (cm3)

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 Increase in temperature will increase the rate of reaction Which of the following statement gives the best explanation about the statement above? A New bonds are easily formed. B Number of effective collisions increases. C Bonds within the reactants are easily broken D Energy of reacting particles increases because the activation energy has been lowered. The best definition for a catalyst is a chemical compound that can change the rate of chemical reaction and A is used widely in industrial fields. B does not change chemically at the end of a reaction. C does not take part directly in a reaction. D is a complex molecule that is produced by plants.

R S

17.
Time (min)

Which of the following experiments will produce curve S? Volume of H2O2 / cm3 30 15 30 40 Concentration of H2O2 / mol dm-3 0.60 0.60 0.40 0.40

A B C D 15.

Which of the following statements about the characteristic of a catalyst are true? I Reacts specifically for a certain reaction only. II Normally used in small quantity. III At the end of reaction catalyst may change their physical character. IV The catalyst use only to speed the rate of reaction A II and IV only B I, II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV

Reducing the size of reactants will increase the rate of reaction 18. Which of the following statements gives the best explanation for the statement given above? A Kinetic energy of molecules decreases. B Bonds are easier to break. C Activation energy is lowered. D Chances to have effective collisions are increased.

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Energy

Energy

480 kJ

350 kJ S

Ea Ea
P + Q

P+Q

19.

The diagram shows an energy level for the reaction P + Q S. What is the 21. activation energy for this reaction? A 130 kJ mol-1 B 350 kJ mol-1 C 480 kJ mol-1 D 830 kJ mol-1 22.

Ea Which of the following will change Ea to Ea ? A Negative catalyst B Positive catalyst C Pressure D Promoter Food is stored in a refrigerator last longer than food stored in a kitchen cabinet because. A the food particles have less kinetic energy B the dehydration of food decreases the temperature of food C the concentration of food decreases the surface areas of food D the lower temperature decreases the rate of the reaction of bacteria on food. Which of the following pairs are not correctly matched? Process Catalyst A Haber Iron B Ostwald Nickel C Margarine Nickel D Sulfuric acid Vanadium(V) oxide

N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) <=> 2NH3 (g) 20. The equation above represents the Haber process. The rate of reaction increases if pressure increases because A the kinetic energy of nitrogen gas molecules and hydrogen gas molecules increases. B the activation energy is lowered under high pressure. C the covalent bonds in molecules N2 and H2 are easily broken under high pressure. D the concentration of nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas increases under high pressure.

23.

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SMKDBL 24. Which of the following statements is not true about the collision theory? A All the collisions of the particles will produce a reaction. B The reaction will only occur when the particles possess energy equal or more than Ea . C A greater surface area will produce more effective collisions among the particles. D The rate of collision increases with a temperature rise. 25.

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 2 g magnesium ribbon is dissolved in an excess of 0.1 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid to produce magnesium chloride and hydrogen. Which of the following factors will produce a greater volume of hydrogen gas? A Use 3 g magnesium ribbon. B Use concentrated hydrochloric acid C Warm the solution of the mixture. D Use 2 g of magnesium powder.

Answer For Section A Question 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Answer Question 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Answer Question 21 22 23 24 25 Answer

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JOM CHEMISTRY A1 Instruction: Answer all the questions in space provided.

1. (a) List all the factors affecting the rate of reaction. .. .............. ........................................ [2 marks] (b) State the meaning of these following items; i. Rate of reaction, ... ... . . [2 marks] i. Activation energy; ... ... . . [2 marks] ii. Effective collision; ... ... [2 marks] Time (s) Volume of carbon dioxide (cm3) 0 0.0 20 14.0 40 25.0 60 33.0 80 38.5 100 120 140 47.0 160 48.0 180 48.0 200 48.0

42.5 45.5

Table 1 2. Table 1 shows the results obtained from an experiment that is used to determine the rate of reaction between marble chips and hydrochloric acid. In this experiment, excess marble chips, CaCO3 were reacted with 20 cm3 of hydrochloric acid, HCl. The released carbon dioxide gas was obtained through the downward displacement of water. [Relative atomic mass: Ca, 40; C, 12; O, 16; and 1 mole of gas occupies 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure] (a) Write a chemical balanced equation for the reaction. 1st Evaluaton 8 Confidential

SMKDBL JOM CHEMISTRY A1 [1 mark] (b) Draw a graph of total volume of carbon dioxide gas against time based on the results given in Table 1.

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JOM CHEMISTRY A1 [2 marks]

(c) Draw a labelled diagram that shows the set-up of the apparatus that is suitable for this experiment.

[2 marks] (d) Calculate the average rate of reaction in the 2nd minute.

[1 marks] (e) What is the rate of reaction at 1.0 minutes?

[2 marks]

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3. Figure 2 shows the flow chart for the production of sulphuric acid in industries..

Sulphur

heat

(450 500) oC 1 atm

II

Sulphur trioxide

K III IV

Sulphuric acid

Fertilizer V

Figure 2 a. Give the name of process for the production of sulphuric acid as shown in Figure 2. ... [1 mark] b. Name substance K. ......... [1 marks] c. Sulphur trioxide could react directly with water to form sulphuric acid. Explain why it is not usually carried out. ... [1 mark] d. Name the catalyst used in the conversion of J to sulphur trioxide. ... [1 mark] e. Write chemical equation for the conversion of J to sulphur trioxide. .. [1 mark] 4. An experiment was conducted to find out the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction. 50 cm3 of sodium thiosulphate solution 0.05 mol dm-3 at 30 oC was put into a 250 cm3 conical flask. Then the conical flask was placed on an X sign on a piece of white paper. 10 cm3 of hydrochloric acid 1.0 mol dm-3 was added to the sodium thiosulphate solution and shaken. At the same time, the stop watch was started. The stop watch was stopped as soon as the X sign was no longer visible. The same steps of the experiment were repeated for sodium thiosulphate solution which was heated to 35 oC, 40 oC, 45 oC, 50 oC, 1st Evaluaton 11 Confidential

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JOM CHEMISTRY A1

(a) State the variables involved in this experiment.

Manipulated variables : ... .. .. Responding variables : .. .. .

Method to manipulate the variable : .. .. .. Method to manipulate the variable : . . .. How the variable responds? : .. .. ..

Fixed variables : .. . .

Method to manipulate the variable : .. ..... .. [6 marks]

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 SECTION A SECTION B 25 25

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SMKDBL TOTAL MARKS


Prepared by; KAMAL ARIFFIN B SAAIM SMKDBL, ,2009

JOM CHEMISTRY A1 50

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