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LIQUID PENETRANT SAMPLE SPECIFICATION PT 001

1.0 SCOPE 1.1 2.0 This procedure conforms to the requirements of section III and V of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.

SURFACE PREPARATION 2.1 In general, satisfactory results may be obtained when the surface is in the as-welded, as-rolled, as-cast or as-forged condition. In some cases, however surface preparation by grinding or machining may be necessary when surface irregularities would otherwise mask the indication of defects.

3.0

PRETEST CLEANING 3.1 Prior to liquid penetrant examination, the surface to be examined and the adjacent area within at least one inch of the surface to be examined shall be dry and free of any dirt, grease, lint scale, welding flux, spatter, oil and any extraneous matter that would obscure surface openings or otherwise interfere with the examination. The final cleaning prior to application of dye shall be with unused or redistilled acetone, or with material as stated in Paragraph 12.0.

3.2 4.0

SURFACE DRYING 4.1 Drying of surfaces to be examined, after cleaning, can be accomplished by normal evaporation. A minimum of one (1) to two (2) minutes shall be allowed to assure that the cleaning solvents have evaporated prior to the application of the penetrant.

5.0

PENETRANT PROCEDURE 5.1 The penetrant shall be applied by dipping, brushing or spraying. If the penetrant is applied by spraying with compressed air type apparatus, filters shall be placed at the air inlet to preclude contamination of the penetrant from oil, water and dirt sediment that may have collected in the lines.

5.2

5.3

The penetration time shall be at least ten (10) minutes, to a maximum time of twenty (20) minutes. The temperature of the surface of the part to be processed shall not be below 60F~, nor above 125 F throughout the examination period. The surface being examined must remain completely wetted throughout the penetration period and any complete drying of penetrant during penetration time shall require re-cleaning and reapplication of penetrant.

6.0

EXCESS PENETRANT REMOVAL 6.1 With solvent-removable penetrants, excess penetrant shall be removed by using clean, dry cloths or absorbent paper. The operation should, be repeated until most traces of penetrant have been removed. A clean, dry, lint free cloth or absorbent paper shall be moistened with penetrant remover and the surface shall be wiped lightly until all remaining traces of excess penetrant have been removed. Care should be employed not to use an excess of solvents in order to avoid removing penetrant from defects. Flushing the surface with solvents following the application of the penetrant and prior to developing is prohibited.

7.0

SURFACE DRYING 7.1 Drying of the test surface after the removal of excess penetrant shall be accomplished by allowing a minimum of five (5) minutes for normal evaporation, and by blotting with absorbent paper or clean, lint-free cloth. The time for surface drying after the removal of excess penetrant and prior to the application of the developer shall be limited to a maximum of ten (10) minutes.

8.0

DEVELOPING 8.1 The developer shall be applied by spraying. Insufficient coatings may not be adequate to draw dye out of discontinuities. Conversely, excessive coatings of developer may result in pooling and may mask indications. Prior to applying the liquid developer to the test surface, the developer must be thoroughly agitated to ensure that the particles in suspension are uniformly dispersed.

9.0

EXAMINATION 9.1 Observe the surface during the application of the developer in order to detect the nature of certain indications which might tend to bleed out profusely.

Final interpretations, however, shall be made after allowing the penetrant to bleed out for a minimum of seven (7) minutes to a maximum of thirty (30) minutes. If bleed out does not occur, longer periods are permitted if authorized by the supervisor. If the test surface is sufficiently large to preclude complete testing and examination within the prescribed times, the surface shall be tested and examined in suitable increments. 10.0 TEST AREA 10.1 The test area shall be adequately illuminated for proper evaluation of indications on the test surface. The test area shall have adequate ventilation.

11.0

FINAL CLEANING 11.1 Following inspection, penetrant material shall be removed as soon as-possible. Unused or redistilled shall be used to remove penetrant material.

12.0

MATERIALS 12.1 Turco Products 12.1.1 Penetrant Turco Dycheck 12.1.2 Developer Turco Dycheck Developer (Non-Aqueous) 12.1.3 Penetrant Remover Turco Dycheck Remover No.3 (bulk only) Ardrox Products 12.2.1 Cleaner/Remover Ardrox 9PRSO 12.2.2 Penetrant Ardrox 906 12.2.3 Developer Ardrox 9D6 The products of 12.1 and 12.2 may not be intermixed. Use only the products of 12.1 or only the products of 12.2 All containers used for penetrant and cleaning materials shall be marked with material identification, lot or batch number. Penetrant materials shall be certified for sulfur and halogen content. Residual sulfur and total halogens should be determined with ASTM D-129 and D-808 and the quantity of either sulfur or halogen shall not exceed one percent by weight. Penetrant material used on austenitic stainless steel shall be of the low (200 ppm maximum) sulfur and halogen type.

12.2

12.3 12.4 12.5

13.0

PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION 13.1 Personnel shall be qualified in accordance with SNT TC 1A. Evaluation of liquid penetrant indications shall be performed by personnel qualified to Level 11 or Level III.

14.0

RECORDS 14.1 Upon successful completion of the inspections and tests defined herein, the individual accepting this test shall signify his acceptance by stamping and dating the document which directed this test to be performed. Records including copies of the standard and personnel qualification and examination results will be maintained.

15.0

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA 15.1 Forgings and Bars, Seamless and Welded Tubular Products (without filler metal). 15.1.1 Bar material used for bolting shall be examined in accordance with 15.4 of this procedure. 15.1.2 Relevant indications are those which result from mechanical discontinuities. Linear indications are those indications in which the length is more than three times the width. Rounded indications are indications which are circular or elliptical with the length less than three times the width. 15.1.3 Only indications with major dimensions greater than 1/16 shall be considered relevant. 15.1.4 The following relevant indications are unacceptable: a. Any 1 linear indications greater than 1/16 long for materials less than 5/8 thick, greater than 1/8 long for materials from 5/8 thick to under 2 thick and 3/16 long for materials 2 thick and greater. b. Rounded indications with dimensions greater than 1/8 for thicknesses less than 5/8 and greater than 3/16 for thickness 5/8 and greater c. Four or more indications in a line separated by 1/16 or less edge-to edge. d. Ten or more indications in any six square inches of area whose major dimension is no more than 6 with the dimensions taken in the most unfavorable location relative to the indications being evaluated.

15.2

Statically and Centrifugally Cast Products 15.2.1 Relevant indications are those which result from mechanical discontinuities. Linear indications are those indications in which the length is more than three times the width. Rounded indications are indications which are circular or elliptical with the length less than three times the width. 15.2.2 Only indications with major dimensions greater than 1/16 shall be considered relevant. 15.2.3 The following relevant indications are unacceptable: a. Any linear indications greater than 1/16 long for materials less than 5/8 thick to under 2 thick and 3/16 long for materials 2 thick and greater. b. Rounded indications with dimensions greater than 1/8 for thickness less than 5/8 and greater than 3/16 for thickness 5/8 and greater. c. Four or more indications in a line separated by 1/16 or less edge-to-edge. d. Ten or more indications in any 6 sq. inches of area whose major dimensions are no more than 6 with the dimensions taken in the most unfavorable location relative to the indications being evaluated. Welds 15.3.1 Relevant indications are those which result from mechanical discontinuities. Linear indications are those indications in which the length is more than three times the width. Rounded indications are indications which are circular or elliptical with the length less than three times the width. For ASME Section III Class I valves, the PT of welds must cover at least of the adjacent base material. Base material to be examined in accordance with 15.1 and 15.2 as applicable. 15.3.2 Only indications with major dimensions greater than 1/16 shall be considered relevant. 15.3.3 The following relevant indications are unacceptable: a. Any cracks or linear indications b. Rounded indications with dimensions greater than 3/16 c. Four or more rounded indications in a line separated by 1/16 or less edge-to-edge. d. Ten or more indications in any 6 square inches of area whose major dimension is no more than 6 with the dimensions taken in the most unfavorable location relative to the indications being evaluated.

15.3

15.4

Bolting Material 15.4.1 Bolting material for pressure boundary applications shall be subject to examination only in the final heat treated condition 15.4.2 Relevant indications are those which result from mechanical discontinuities. Linear indications are those indications in which the length is more than three times the width. Rounded indications are indications which are circular or elliptical with the length less than three times the width. 15.4.3 Only linear indications shall be considered relevant. 15.4.4 The following relevant indications are unacceptable: a. Linear nonaxial indications. b. Linear axial indications greater than one (1) inch in length. c. Discontinuities such as laps, seams, or cracks that would be detrimental to the intended service. Hardfacing 15.5.1 Relevant indications are those which result from mechanical discontinuities. Linear indications are those indications in which the length is more than three times the width. Rounded indications are indications which are circular or elliptical with the elngth less than three times the width. All hardfacing on valves 6 N.P.S. and over must be L.P. examined. One half inch (1/2) of the base material adjacent to the hardfacing surface is to be examined in accordance with base material methods and acceptance requirements for Class 1 components only. 15.5.2 Only indications with major dimensions greater than 1/16 shall be considered relevant. 15.5.3 The following relevant indications are unacceptable: a. Any linear indications greater than 1/16 long. b. Rounded indications with dimensions greater than 1/18. c. Four or more indications in a line separated by 1/16 or less, edge-to-edge. d. Ten or more indications in any 6sq. Inches of area-whose major dimension is no more 6 with the dimension taken in the most unfavorable location relative to the indications being evaluated.

15.5

LIQUID PENETRANT TESTING - LEVEL II SPECIFICATION - 001


1. A lot of small parts must be penetrant inspected. The parts are very oily. The precleaning of these parts could best be accomplished by: a. A soapy, hot water wash b. Using a vapor degreaser c. Using acetone and hand wiping the parts d. Any of the above methods would be acceptable 2. Penetrant inspection of a 7/8 thick forging reveals one indication that measures 3/16 x 1/8. This would be interpreted as: a. An acceptable linear indication b. An unacceptable linear indication c. An acceptable rounded indication d. An unacceptable rounded indication 3. The penetrant would be applied: a. As soon as possible after the precleaning operation b. After a five minute wait after the precleaning operation c. After a two to ten minute wait after the precleaning operation d. Either B or C would be acceptable 4. The actual Liquid Penetrant operation must be performed only by a Level II or III. a. True b. False 5. For weld inspection you must: a. Preclean and cover with penetrant the weld area and base metal for atleast one inch on each side of the weld b. Preclean and cover with penetrant the weld area and base metal for atleast one half inch on each side of the weld c. Preclean atleast two inches of base metal on either side of the weld d. Preclean the weld and one inch of base metal on each side of the weld 6. The best method of removing the excess penetrant from small threaded parts is to first wipe off most of the penetrant and then quickly dip the parts in the pentrant remover and wipe with a clean dry paper towel. a. True b. False 7. After removal of the excess penetrant the developer would be applied: a. Immediately after removal of penetrant b. By dipping after a 5 minute wait c. By spraying after a 5-10 minute wait d. None of the above

8. A Level I may perform the Liquid Penetrant operation but the evaluation of indications must be performed be a certified Level III. a. True b. False 9. The purpose of waiting 7 minutes after application of the developer before performing the inspection is to: a. Allow the developer to dry sufficiently b. Allow sufficient time so a very large part or area can be covered c. Allow sufficient time for the indications to form d. Allow sufficient time for the Level I to find the Level III to perform the inspection 10. To inspect a seven foot long longitudinal seam weld you would use Turco Solvent Removable penetrant materials or some equivalent brand provided they are certified materials. a. True b. False 11. Liquid Penetrant Inspection of a piping weld reveals six randomly distributed rounded indications each measuring 1/8 in diameter and twelve rounded indications each measuring 1/16 in diameter. All indications are within a 6 square inch area. This condition would be: a. Acceptable b. Unacceptable 12. Inspection of a valve body reveals numerous small rounded indications all less than 1/16 diameter all within a 6 square inch area. This would be interpreted as: a. Spongy type shrink b. Gas porosity c. Micro-porosity d. Non-relevant indications 13. In order to liquid penetrant inspect a seven foot long seam weld it would be necessary to: a. Use a water washable penetrant b. Work very fast, using only the minimum times c. Inspect only a small section at a time d. Apply penetrant to the entire weld but only remove the excess penetrant from a small area at a time so you dont exceed the developing time. 14. The final inspection report must be: a. Stamped by the person performing the liquid penetrant test b. Signed by the Level III c. Signed by the person evaluating the indications d. None of the above

15. The liquid developer may be applied by: a. Dipping b. Spraying c. Brushing d. Spraying with compressed air apparatus provided filter is placed in the air line 16. When a part is found to be unacceptable, before it is repaired a sketch or map of the part shall be prepared which shows the location, size, and distribution of all indications. a. True b. False 17. Figure 1 (found on the next page) represents the penetrant indications found on an area of a seamless pipe with a wall. Evaluate the indications a. Accept b. Reject 18. Figure 2 (found on the next page) represents the penetrant indications found on a 2-1/2 thick area of a valve body casting. Evaluate the indications a. Accept b. Reject 19. Figure 3 (found on the next page) represents the penetrant indications found on an area of a weldment for an ASME Section III Class I Valve. Evaluate the indications a. Accept b. Reject 20. Figure 4 (found on the next page) represents the penetrant indications found on a hardfaced area. Evaluate the indications a. Accept b. Reject

LIQUID PENETRANT SAMPLE SPECIFICATION PT 001


Ans 1b,2c,3d,4b,5,6b,7c,8b,9c,10b,11a,12d,13c,14d,15b,16b, 17 b (reject because gap in the group of 5 indications is less than 1.6 mm), 18 b reject (because the length of defect is 5mm), 19 b reject because defect in the neighboring parent metal is 9mm, 20 b reject because relevant indication is ten numbers

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