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ABS Guide for

Dynamic Positioning Systems

Sue Wang
Senior Managing Principal Engineer, Offshore

Singapore
1 March 2013

ABS SEMINAR: ABS GUIDE FOR DYNAMIC POSITIONING SYSTEMS


Objective and Agenda

 Introduce ABS Guide for DP systems to industry


 Seek industry feedbacks and comments

 Part 1: Overview of
 DP system
 ABS Guide for DP systems
 Part 2: New optional Notations for
 Enhanced DP system (EHS)
 Station keeping performance (SKP)

2
Rapid Expansion of DP Demand

 Deep-water activity
 More complex field development
 Wider range of application
 Advancement of technology
80s
upto 70s

90-95

96-99

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012 up
3
Dynamic Positioning Applications

 MODUs (drillships and semisubmersibles)


 Offshore support, installation and maintenance vessels
 Pipe- and cable laying
 Dredging
 Offloading shuttle tankers
 Cruise ships, large motor yachts
 DP-assisted mooring
 FPSOs in deepwater
 Others

4
Basic DP Principles

 A dynamic positioning (DP) control system automatically


calculates the forces that the thrusters, propulsors and steering
gear must produce in order to control the vessel’s position and
heading
 The DP control systems
algorithm's will generate
control signals to the
thrusters, propulsors
and steering gear to
obtain the force and
moment required for
the requested position
and heading control

5
What Do We Need for DP?

 Power
 Thrusters and rudders
 Position measurement
 Position filtering (LF)
 Control algorithm (positive
required force)
 Thruster and rudder
allocation

6
Elements of a DP System

Human-Machine
Interface
Computer
Operator Panel
Display Screen

DP Operator

Position Reference
Sensors
Compass Systems (PRS)
Wind DGPS
Vertical Reference Underwater Acoustics
Draft Laser
Tension Microwave
Tautwire

DP Controller
(DPC)
Power
Syste
m
Thrusters
7 7
Typical DP System Layout

Operator
Controller
Station

Azimuth
Thruster

Hardwire
or LAN
Tunnel
Thruster
Rudder
Propulsion
Thruster

8
How DP System Work

(T,α)1..n
β = 0.05
1.8
β = 0.1
1.6 (- βω t)
1+e o

1.4
β = 0.3

1.2

EKF PID ALLOC


β = 0.5

X /X0 [ -]
X0
1 β = 0.7

=
0.8 β=1

0.6
(-βω t)
1-e o
0.4

0.2

f(Fx, Fy, Mz)


0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
time/ T0 [-]

Measured
VESSEL THRUST
Position

Wind
Waves
Current

9
Basic Elements DP Control System

Power,
Sensors,
Position
References

Thrusters

10
Common Position Measurement Equipment

 Fan Beam (Laser Technique)


 Taut Wire (Vertical Angle)
 DGPS (Satellite)
 HPR (Long and Short Base, Hydro-acoustic, Transponders)
 Atriums (Radio Wave, Landmark, Specific-Site)
 Others

11
DP System Vendors

 Kongsberg Maritime
 Converteam (GE)
 L-3
 Marine Technologies
 Navis Engineering
 Rolls-Royce
 Nautronix
 Others

12
Basic Elements of a Power System

13
Thrusters & Rudders

 Main propellers
 Bow and stern thrusters
 Azimuthing thrusters
 Retractable thrusters
 Rudders

14
DP Guidelines from Related Organizations

 IMO MSC Circular 645


 IMO MODU Code
 ISO 19901-7 Stationkeeping
 US Coast Guard
 Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD)
 Flag State
 International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA)
 Marine Technology Society (MTS)
 American Petroleum Institute (API)
 Class Societies

15
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

 IMO Class 1
 For equipment class 1, loss of position may occur in the event of a
single fault
 ABS DPS-1
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel under specified maximum environmental conditions
having an independent centralized manual position control with
automatic heading control

16
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

 IMO Equipment Class 2


 A loss of position is not to occur in the event of a single fault in any
active component or system (generators, thrusters, switchboards,
remote controlled valves, etc.)
 Normally static components will not be considered to fail
 ABS DPS-2
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel within a specified operating envelope under specified
maximum environmental conditions during and following any single
fault, excluding a loss of compartment or compartments

17
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

 IMO Class 3
 For equipment Class 3, a single failure includes items listed previous
for Class 2, and any normally static component is assumed to fail
 All components in any watertight and fire protected compartment
 ABS DPS-3
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel within a specified operating envelope under specified
maximum environmental conditions during and following any single
fault, including complete loss of a compartment due to fire or flood

18
Selection of DP Equipment Class

 DP equipment class governed by the type of operations


 Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD) has specified
 DP units of Class 1 should be used during operations where loss of
position is not considered to endanger human lives, cause significant
damage or cause more than minimal pollution
 DP units of Class 2 should be used during operations where loss of
position could cause personnel injury, pollution or damage with great
economic consequences
 DP units of Class 3 should be used during operations where loss of
position could cause fatal accidents, severe pollution or damage with
major economic consequences

19
Guidelines for DP Equipment Class

One Oil
Operation NORSOK MTS Remark
Company
2 1
Drilling 3 2 3 Vessels of lesser Class may be
Diving inside structures 3 2 3 used with the appropriate
Diving in open water 2 2 3 structured risk identification and
3 mitigation measures in place
Pipelay/umbilical lay 2 2 3
Lifting 2 2 3 2
Class 2 acceptable with extra fire
Shuttle Offtake 2 2 2
watch and engine control watch
ROV Support (Open water) 1
routines
ROV Support (Close Proximity - Surface/Subsea) 2 2 2
Floating Production (HC production) 3 2 3
Class 3 for Norwegian
1 2
Well intervention 2 2 3 Continental Shelf. For others, Class
1
Logistics Operations 2 2 2 accetable with Extra fire watch
2 and engine control watch routines
Subsea well workover 3 3
Accomodation (ganway connection to installation) 3 2 3
Accomodation (outside 500m safety zone) 2 USCG: Class 2 or above for MODU
Construction activies inside 500m general 2 2 according to IMO MODU Code
Construction activies outside 500m general 1

20
ABS DPS Rules & Guides & Notations

 ABS Guide for Thrusters and Dynamic Positioning System (1994)


was incorporated in the Rules for Building and Classing Steel
Vessels, 4-3-5/15 in 2000
 ABS Guide for Dynamic Positioning Systems (December 2012)
 DPS Basic Notations
 DPS-0, DPS-1, DPS-2, DPS-3
 Inline with IMO Guidelines for Vessels with Dynamic Positioning
Systems (1994)
 Supplement Notations
 EHS-P, EHS-C, EHS-F
 SKP, SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f)
 Incorporate new development
 Provide flexibility

21
DPS Notations

 Notation DPS-0
 Most basic system
 No redundancy
 Centralized manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)
 Notation DPS-1
 No redundancy
 One automatic position and heading control computer
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)

22
DPS Notations

 Notation DPS-2
 Redundancy design and able to maintain position and heading with
a single fault
 Redundant(2) automatic position and heading control computers
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)
 Notation DPS-3
 Redundancy design with physical separation and able to maintain
position and heading with a single fault and loss of a compartment
due to fire or flood
 Redundant(3) automatic position and heading control computers
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)

23
Dynamic Positioning Systems

Items DPS Notation


0 1 2 3
Power System No Redundancy No Redundancy Redundancy Redundancy
Power management No No Yes Yes
UPS No Yes Yes Yes
Thruster System No Redundancy No Redundancy Redundancy Redundancy
Automatic Control 0 1 2 3
Computers
Manual Position 1 1 1 1
Control with Auto
heading
Manual Independent Yes Yes Yes Yes
Thruster Control at
Bridge
Position Reference 1 2 3 3
Gyro Compass 1 2 3 3
MRU 0 2 3 3
Wind Sensors 1 2 3 3
Consequence No No Yes Yes
Analyzer
FMEA No No Yes Yes

24
Other ABS Rules Related to DP Components

 ABS Steel Vessels Rules


 Diesel Engines – Section 4-2-1
 Gas Turbines – Section 4-2-3
 Electric Motors and Motor Controllers – Section 4-8-3
 Gears – Section 4-3-1
 Shafting – Section 4-3-2
 Propellers – Section 4-3-3
 Piping System – Chapter 4-6
 Thrusters 4-3-5
 Control Equipment and Systems – Section 4-9-7
 ABS MODU Rules
 Pumps and Piping Systems – Chapter 4-2
 Electrical Installation – Chapter 4-3
 Rules for Equipment and Machinery Certification – Part 6
 Surveys – Part 7
 ABS Rules for Survey After Construction
 Machinery Surveys – Chapter 7-6
 Shipboard Automatic and Remote-control Systems – Chapter 7-8
 Survey Requirements for Additional Systems and Services – Chapter 7-9

25
Guide Development Background

 ABS updating Rules as routine process


 Industry demanding
 Wide range application of DP systems
 Flexibility
 Stationkeeping performance
 Reflect industry advancement
 Robust redundancy design concept
 Enhanced generator protection technology
 Rapid automatic blackout recovery

26
Innovation & New Technology

 Robust redundancy concept

 Advanced computing technology

 Enhanced FMEA process

 Advancement of sensor technology

 Advanced generator protection

 Advanced thruster control and protection

 Quick black-out recovery

 Comprehensive operation monitoring

27
27
Gap Analysis

 Level of details
 Lack of specifications
 Closed bus design
 Criteria for stationkeeping performance
 Enhanced features
 Advanced generator protection and control
 Blackout prevention and automatic quick recovery
 Robust redundancy concept
 Fire and flood protection of machinery space (for DPS-2)
 Higher availability and reliability of position reference systems
and sensors

28
Overview DPS Guide Development

 Major update for current ABS DPS Notations


 DPS-1
 DPS-2
 DPS-3
 Development of new optional notations
 DP system enhancement notation (EHS)
 Stationkeeping performance notation (SKP)
 Objective
 Reflect Industry advancement
 Provide flexibility
 Encourage higher design standards and consistent assessment

29
Highlight of DPS Guide

 Definitions to form a common basis of understanding


 Requirements on documentations for quality and completeness
 Increased level of details on technical requirements
 New enhanced system notations (EHS)
 Recognition of design features beyond DPS-series notations
 Encourage higher safe design standard
 Provide flexibility to owners and operators
 New stationkeeping performance notation (SKP)
 Recognition of DP capability
 Encourage robust design and consistent assessment
 Increased level of details on testing
 Vessel type and activity specifics
30
Content of DPS Guide

 General
 DP System Design
 Power System
 Thruster System
 Control System
 Marine Auxiliary System
 Initial Test of DP System
 Enhanced DP System
 Stationkeeping Performance
 Specific Vessel Types
 Other Optional DP System Notations

31
Section 1-3: Definitions

 Specified maximum environmental condition  Consequence analysis


 Specified operating envelope  DP capability analysis
 Single fault  Redundancy concept
 Dynamically positioned vessel  Critical redundancy
 Dynamic positioning system  Redundant groups
 Industry mission  Autonomous system
 Power system  Closed bus
 Thruster system  Common mod failure
 DP control system  Single fault tolerance
 Position reference system  Independence
 Joystick system  Loss of position
 Static component  Stationkeeping
 Active component
 Worst case failure
 Worst case failure design intent

32
Section 1-4: Documentations

 List of documentation (level of detail)


 Dynamic positioning system
 Power system
 Thruster system
 DP control system
 Documentation type (level of detail)
 R: Documentation for review
 I: Documentation for information and verification for consistency with
related review
 OB: Documentation needs to be kept onboard
 Added documents
 Basic design of DP system redundancy (R DPS-2 and DPS-3)
 Planned inspection and maintenance (I)

33
Section 2: Dynamic Positioning System Design

 1 General
 3 DP System Technical Requirements
 3.1 Basic requirement
 3.3 Redundancy design
 3.5 Physical separation
 3.7 DP system equipment requirements
 3.9 Stationkeeping performance
 5 Essential non-DP Systems
 5.1 General
 5.2 Emergency shut down system and DP redundancy
 5.3 Fire protection and DP redundancy
 5.4 Fuel quick closing valves and DP redundancy
 7 Alarms and Instrumentation
 9 Communications and DP Alter System
 9.1 Communications
 9.2 DP alter system
 11 Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
 11.1 Failure mode analysis
 11.2 FMEA report
 13 DP Operations Manual

34
Section 2: Dynamic Positioning System Design

 Increased level of details for easy use


 Content of documents
 FMEA
– Failure modes
– FMEA analysis report
– FMEA proving trial report
 DP Operations Manual
 Stationkeeping performance analysis
 FMEA and Proving Trial Report (OB)
 After completion of DP proving sea trials, the final version of DP FMEA and
DP proving trial report, including final analysis and conclusions based on
actual results from DP testing, are to be submitted
 Updated after major modifications

35
Section 3: Power System

 1 General
 3 Power Generation System
 5 Power Distribution System
 7 Power Management System
 9 Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS)

36
Section 3: Power System

 Level of details for easy use


 Closed bus tie breaker (DPS-2 and DPS-3)
 Capable of breaking the maximum short circuit current in the
combined system
 Coordinated in relation to generator breakers to avoid total loss of
main power (blackout)
 Two bus tie breakers are to be provided between bus sections
 Closed bus for DPS-3
 Consideration of EHS-P requirements
 If all thrusters are direct diesel drive, no need for a power
management system

37
Section 4: Thruster System

 1 General
 3 Thruster Capacity
 5 Thruster Configuration
 7 Thruster Auxiliary System
 9 Thruster Control
 11 Thruster Monitoring and Alarm
 Level of details for easy use

38
Section 5: DP Control System

 1 General
 3 DP Control Station
 5 DP Control System
 7 Manual Position Control System
 9 Control Mode Selection
 11 Position Reference System and Environment Sensor
 13 Consequence Analysis (For DPS-2/3)
 15 Display and Monitoring
 Level of details for easy use

39
Section 5: DP Control System

 DP Control Station
 Main DP control station with good viewing of the external surrounding area
and all activities relevant to the DP operation
 Backup DP control station, a night vision, closed-circuit TV (CCTV) system
is acceptable for viewing the external surrounding area
 Data Communication Networks
 Communication network for DP control system is to be duplicated for
DPS-2 and also separated for DPS-3
 Manual position control system is not to share the same communication
network with the DP control system
 Control Mode Selection
 Easy operational device to be provided in the DP control station for the
selection of the thruster control modes
 Transfer of control to the backup DP control station to be initiated at backup
control station and performed manually

40
Section 5/11: Position Reference System & Wind Sensor

 One set of position reference system


 GPS (others, position measurement devices)
 Gyro (heading measurement device)
 MRU (others, roll and pitch measurement for position correction)
 MRU: where position reference systems are dependent on
correction of roll and pitch effect, MRU or equivalent is to be
provided
 Position reference systems and wind sensors to be powered by
UPSs and follow group redundancy concept

41
Section 6: Marine Auxiliary System (DPS 2/3)

 1 General
 3 Fuel Oil
 5 Cooling Water
 7 Compressed Air
 9 Lubrication Oil Systems
 11 HVAC and Ventilation
 13 Piping
 15 Pneumatic Systems
 17 Power Supply to Auxiliary Systems
 Level of details for easy use

42
Section 6: Marine Auxiliary System (DPS 2/3)

 Auxiliary systems to be arranged in accordance with the


redundancy concept
 A single failure effect analysis for auxiliary systems to be included
in the DP system FMEA
 Fuel water content monitoring with remote alarms is to be
installed
 Power for auxiliary systems associated with DP systems is to be
taken from within the redundancy group

43
Section 7: DP System Initial Test

 1 General
 3 DP System Performance Test
 5 FMEA Proving Trial for DPS-2/DPS-3
 Level of details

44
Section 7: System Performance Test

 30 minute UPS Test


 Position Reference Systems and Sensors
 Manual Position Control System
 Manual Thruster Control System
 Thruster Emergency Stop
 DP Control System
 Control and Alarms
 Standby Changeover
 Protection equipment are to be tested if they are designed to
provide essential redundancy of the DP system
 6-hour Performance Endurance Test
45
Section 7: FMEA Proving Trial for DPS-2/DPS-3

 FMEA tests to confirm the findings from FMEA analysis


 Test procedures are to be developed in the FMEA analysis
 Vessel is to operate in configurations analyzed in DP system
FMEA
 Submit final version of DP FMEA including conclusions from the
testing

46
Section 8: Enhanced System

 New Notations
 EHS-P for enhanced power plant and thruster system
 EHS-C for enhanced control system
 EHS-F for fire and flood tolerance design

 Supplement information for DPS-2/DPS-3 Notations


 Provide three groups for flexibility and easy recognition
 Can be combined as EHS-PC, etc.
 Objective
 Improve reliability, operability and maintainability

 Recognize safety features that beyond minimum requirements


 Encourage higher safe design standard
47
Enhanced Propulsion System EHS-P

 Applicable to DPS-2 and DPS-3 system


 Features on power plant protection and quick blackout recovery
 High safety measurement against closed bus operation
 Targeting reduced consequence of failure

48
EHS-P Requirement

 Enhanced generator protection


 Failure detection and discrimination of failed components before a
full or partial black-out situation occurs
 Open bus-tie if the faulty generator fails to trip
 One protection system per generator
 Robust redundancy design
 Autonomous generator sets
 Autonomous thruster sets
 Blackout prevention and automatic recovery (60s)
 Power management system
 Thruster phase back
 System ride through capability (short circuit)

49
EHS-P Requirement

 Autonomous
 Control and automation – to be decentralized to the point that each
item of main machinery (generators and thrusters) is capable of
making itself ready for DP operations independently of any
centralized control system
 Auxiliary – to be provided in a manner that makes the machinery
(generators and thrusters) as independent as practical to minimize
the number of failures that can lead to the loss of more than one
main item of machinery

50
Enhanced Control System EHS-C

 Applicable to DPS-2 and DPS-3 system


 Aiming for higher availability and reliability of input data to the
control system
 Statistics point to the necessary of improvement
 Encourage for higher design standard

Incidents that led to loss of position


1994-2007
DP Computer 62
Environment 40
DP Computer
Power Generation 50 Environment
Operator Error 89 Power Generation

References 103 Operator Error


References
Thruster 76 Thruster
Electrical 22 Electrical

Total 442

51
EHS-C Requirement

 Three position reference systems and sensors available at any


given time and location
 Four position reference systems and four sensors with
combination of different systems
 Redundancy of relative reference system for offshore support
vessels
 Three DP control computers (one backup)
 Equipment from different suppliers or using different principles of
operation
 DP Data Logger
 Integration of the centralized control system with sub-control
systems

52
Fire & Flood Tolerance Design EHS-F

 Applicable to DPS-2 system


 Provide another level of measurement for fire and flood tolerance
design
 Focus on fire risk spaces
 Flexibility for diversified market needs

53
EHS-F Requirement

 DPS-3 automatically meets EHS-F requirements


 A-0 separation along boundary of redundancy groups
 No A-0 separation required between main and backup DP control
station
 A-60 separation for high fire risk spaces
 The high fire risk area is the area defined by SVR 4-8-4/1.11
including
 Machinery spaces as defined by 4-7-1/11.15 and 4-7-1/11.17
 Spaces containing fuel treatment equipment and other highly
flammable substances

54
Summary of Enhanced DP Systems
EHS-P EHS-C EHS-F

2+1 Backup DP Control


Autonomous Generator Set Generators and Prime Movers
computers and controllers
Separate compartments, A60 for
Bus Tie Breaker high fire risk area. Watertight
Wind Sensors
redundantly configured
3 + 1 in back up control station below damage waterline.
between each bus segment

Power Distribution System


Enhanced Generator Gyros A0 between redundant groups.
Protection 3 + 1 in backup control station Watertight below damage
waterline.

Thruster System
Enhanced Power MRU A0 between redundant groups.
Management 3 + 1 in backup control station Watertight below damage
waterline.

Position Reference Systems Controller Space


Autonomous Thruster Set
3 + 1 in backup control station A0 between redundant groups.

55
Closed Bus

 Enhanced system design (EHS-P)


 Improvement of active redundancy
 Reduce consequence after failure
 At least two or more generators running and they are connected
to two or more sections of the main bus
 The worst case failure of the configuration is not to result to a
blackout
 Spinning reserve is to be able to make up at least 50% lost
capacity after the worst case failure of the operating mode in
consideration
 Other 50% lost capacity can be provided from the standby units

56
Standby Start

 Changeover is to be automatic
 Position and heading of the vessel are within the specified limits and DP
performance is not degrading
 Maximum allowed changeover time is 45s
 Single fault does not cause total blackout including loss of entire
compartment for DPS-3
 A failure in one redundancy group is not to cause failure of more than
one redundancy groups
 A failure in the system being changed over to is not to cause failure of
more than one redundancy groups
 Changeover is not to cause failure of the redundancy group that is being
connected to
 At least, one standby generator is to be considered not available when
needed

57
FMEA & Test (EHS)

 Operation of protection systems (breakers, bus ties, etc.) related


to short circuit
 Severe voltage dips associated with short circuit faults in power
plant configured as a common power system
 Failure to excess and insufficient fuel
 Over and under-excitation
 Governor and AVR failure modes
 Failure modes related to standby start and changeover
 Power management failure on load sharing, malfunction, etc.
 Phase back thrust and large load
 Blackout recovery

58
Documentation (EHS)

 Description of protection design philosophy and protection


systems the redundancy concept of DP system depends on
 Analysis of effects of severe voltage transients on power system
stability
 Short circuit analysis
 Simulation of severe over/under voltage and over/under
frequency
 Protection coordination analysis
 Protection settings
 Description of automatic blackout recovery

59
Section 9: Stationkeeping Performance

 New notations
 SKP: verification for given design environmental conditions through
analysis
 SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f): determine limiting environments for a given
environment site through analysis

 Supplement for DPS-series notations

 Objective
 Recognition of DP capability
 Encourage robust design and consistent assessment

60
SKP Notation

 Owner specify design environment conditions


 Design wind speed and directions
 Design wave height, related period and directions
 Design current speed and directions
 Station keeping performance assessment
 Environmental load calculation
 Available thrust calculation including effect due to thruster
interference with others
 Analysis results demonstrate the capability of stationkeeping for
the specified environment conditions

61
Result Presentation for SKP

Total Thrust Utilization Plot for given Environment Condition

62
Environmental Load

 Wind and current


 1-minute mean wind speed at 10-meter above water surface
 Model test data to be used whenever possible
 For non-ship shape unit, wind and current forces according to
ABS Rules for MODU, FPI or API 2SK
 For a ship shape unit, wind and forces according to ABS Rules for
MODU, FPI, API RP 2SK or OCIMF publication
 Wave
 Significant wave heights and characteristic periods (frequencies)
 JONSWAP for North Sea and locations with limited fetch
 Bretschneider for open seas
 Model test data for wave drift force if available
 Drift force calculation using appropriate hydrodynamic analysis
computer program
63
Available Thrust

 Manufacturer’s test data of full scale or suitable model test for the
thrust output of thrusters to be used
 This Guide provides method for
determining available thrust
 Thruster-Thruster Interaction
 Thruster-Hull Interaction
 Thruster-Current Interaction

64
DP Capability

Real Capability Predicted Capability


Courtesy: MTS/Shell

65
SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f) Notation

 a: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with all
thrusters operating for location f and current speed e
 b: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
failure of minimum effect of single thruster for location f and
current speed e
 c: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
failure of maximum effect single thruster for location f and current
speed e
 d: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
worst case failure condition for location f and current speed e
 e: current speed in knot (owner specify or typical 1.5 kt)
 f: environment location (owner specify or typical North Sea)

66
SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f) Notation

 Same analysis procedures for load and thrust calculation


 May cover SKP if design environments are given and are within
the limit
 Require for the relationship between wind speeds and wave
heights
 Require probability of non-exceedance of wind speed

67
Wind & Wave Relationship (North Sea)

68
Result Presentation for SKP(a,b,c,d)

Typical DP Capability Plot


69
Section 9: Sub-sections

 1 General  9 Other External Load


 1.1 Definition  11 Available Thrust
 1.1.1 SKP  11.1 Available Thrust for Thrusters
 1.1.2 SKP (a,b,c,d)  11.3 Thruster-Thruster Interaction
 1.1.3 Normal Operation Condition  11.5 Thruster-Hull Interaction
 1.1.4 Standby Condition  11.7 Thruster-Current Interaction
 3 Environmental Condition  11.9 Available Thrust for Transverse
 3.1 Wind Tunnel Thrusters

 3.3 Wave  13 Rudder Force

 3.5 Current  15 SKP Calculation

 3.7 Environment for SKP  15.1 SKP Notation

 3.9 Environment for SKP (a,b,c,d)  15.3 SKP (a,b,c,d) Notation

 5 Analysis Conditions  17 Documentation

 5.1 DP System Configurations


 5.3 Operation Conditions
 7 Environmental Load Calculation
 7.1 Wind and current force
 7.3 Wave force

70
Documentation

 Where the DP system is to be supplemented with a


stationkeeping performance notation, the following information is
to be submitted for review
 General arrangement and lines plan
 Thruster arrangement
 Thruster power and thrust
 Thruster interactions
 Analysis procedures
 Capability plots
 Documentation on the environment conditions long term distribution
(any area for intended service)
 Owner specified limiting environments

71
Section 10: Specific Vessel Types

 1 Introduction
 3 Mobile Offshore Drilling Units
 Effect of drilling
 Effect of emergency shutdown system
 Effect of emergency disconnect system
 Maintenance plan
 5 Project or Construction Vessels
 Suitable DP Control modes
 Redundancy of relative position reference system
 7 Logistics Vessels
 Redundancy of relative position reference system

72
DPS Guide Development Milestones

Jan 2012 Jun 2012 Aug 2012 Oct 2012 Dec 2012

Project Kickoff Review


Divisions feedback
Technology
TBDs Initial
Previous DP development Consultant
Consultant work work DPS draft guide feedback
development DPS Guide

Internal and
Project external
Plan review
Industry
workshop Rough Draft
for DP
consultants
review and
improvement

73
Summary

 DPS Guide to reduce the gaps between industry practices and


class requirements
 New notations for enhanced system (EHS) and stationkeeping
performance (SKP)
 Provide systematic measurement Shipbuilder

Classification
 Provide more flexibility for Charterer
Society
owners and operators
 Need industry feedbacks for SHIP
OWNER
further improvement Shipping
Financier Flag State

Underwriter Port State

74
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