Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 75

# ABS Guide for

## Dynamic Positioning Systems

Sue Wang
Senior Managing Principal Engineer, Offshore

Singapore
1 March 2013

## ABS SEMINAR: ABS GUIDE FOR DYNAMIC POSITIONING SYSTEMS

Objective and Agenda

##  Introduce ABS Guide for DP systems to industry

 Seek industry feedbacks and comments

 Part 1: Overview of
 DP system
 ABS Guide for DP systems
 Part 2: New optional Notations for
 Enhanced DP system (EHS)
 Station keeping performance (SKP)

2
Rapid Expansion of DP Demand

 Deep-water activity
 More complex field development
 Wider range of application
80s
upto 70s

90-95

96-99

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012 up
3
Dynamic Positioning Applications

##  MODUs (drillships and semisubmersibles)

 Offshore support, installation and maintenance vessels
 Pipe- and cable laying
 Dredging
 Cruise ships, large motor yachts
 DP-assisted mooring
 FPSOs in deepwater
 Others

4
Basic DP Principles

##  A dynamic positioning (DP) control system automatically

calculates the forces that the thrusters, propulsors and steering
gear must produce in order to control the vessel’s position and
 The DP control systems
algorithm's will generate
control signals to the
thrusters, propulsors
and steering gear to
obtain the force and
moment required for
the requested position

5
What Do We Need for DP?

 Power
 Thrusters and rudders
 Position measurement
 Position filtering (LF)
 Control algorithm (positive
required force)
 Thruster and rudder
allocation

6
Elements of a DP System

Human-Machine
Interface
Computer
Operator Panel
Display Screen

DP Operator

Position Reference
Sensors
Compass Systems (PRS)
Wind DGPS
Vertical Reference Underwater Acoustics
Draft Laser
Tension Microwave
Tautwire

DP Controller
(DPC)
Power
Syste
m
Thrusters
7 7
Typical DP System Layout

Operator
Controller
Station

Azimuth
Thruster

Hardwire
or LAN
Tunnel
Thruster
Rudder
Propulsion
Thruster

8
How DP System Work

(T,α)1..n
β = 0.05
1.8
β = 0.1
1.6 (- βω t)
1+e o

1.4
β = 0.3

1.2

β = 0.5

X /X0 [ -]
X0
1 β = 0.7

=
0.8 β=1

0.6
(-βω t)
1-e o
0.4

0.2

## f(Fx, Fy, Mz)

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
time/ T0 [-]

Measured
VESSEL THRUST
Position

Wind
Waves
Current

9
Basic Elements DP Control System

Power,
Sensors,
Position
References

Thrusters

10
Common Position Measurement Equipment

##  Fan Beam (Laser Technique)

 Taut Wire (Vertical Angle)
 DGPS (Satellite)
 HPR (Long and Short Base, Hydro-acoustic, Transponders)
 Atriums (Radio Wave, Landmark, Specific-Site)
 Others

11
DP System Vendors

 Kongsberg Maritime
 Converteam (GE)
 L-3
 Marine Technologies
 Navis Engineering
 Rolls-Royce
 Nautronix
 Others

12
Basic Elements of a Power System

13
Thrusters & Rudders

 Main propellers
 Bow and stern thrusters
 Azimuthing thrusters
 Retractable thrusters
 Rudders

14
DP Guidelines from Related Organizations

##  IMO MSC Circular 645

 IMO MODU Code
 ISO 19901-7 Stationkeeping
 US Coast Guard
 Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD)
 Flag State
 International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA)
 Marine Technology Society (MTS)
 American Petroleum Institute (API)
 Class Societies

15
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

 IMO Class 1
 For equipment class 1, loss of position may occur in the event of a
single fault
 ABS DPS-1
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel under specified maximum environmental conditions
having an independent centralized manual position control with

16
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

##  IMO Equipment Class 2

 A loss of position is not to occur in the event of a single fault in any
active component or system (generators, thrusters, switchboards,
remote controlled valves, etc.)
 Normally static components will not be considered to fail
 ABS DPS-2
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel within a specified operating envelope under specified
maximum environmental conditions during and following any single
fault, excluding a loss of compartment or compartments

17
IMO & ABS DP Equipment Class

 IMO Class 3
 For equipment Class 3, a single failure includes items listed previous
for Class 2, and any normally static component is assumed to fail
 All components in any watertight and fire protected compartment
 ABS DPS-3
 For vessels which are fitted with a dynamic positioning system which
is capable of automatically maintaining the position and heading of
the vessel within a specified operating envelope under specified
maximum environmental conditions during and following any single
fault, including complete loss of a compartment due to fire or flood

18
Selection of DP Equipment Class

##  DP equipment class governed by the type of operations

 Norwegian Maritime Directorate (NMD) has specified
 DP units of Class 1 should be used during operations where loss of
position is not considered to endanger human lives, cause significant
damage or cause more than minimal pollution
 DP units of Class 2 should be used during operations where loss of
position could cause personnel injury, pollution or damage with great
economic consequences
 DP units of Class 3 should be used during operations where loss of
position could cause fatal accidents, severe pollution or damage with
major economic consequences

19
Guidelines for DP Equipment Class

One Oil
Operation NORSOK MTS Remark
Company
2 1
Drilling 3 2 3 Vessels of lesser Class may be
Diving inside structures 3 2 3 used with the appropriate
Diving in open water 2 2 3 structured risk identification and
3 mitigation measures in place
Pipelay/umbilical lay 2 2 3
Lifting 2 2 3 2
Class 2 acceptable with extra fire
Shuttle Offtake 2 2 2
watch and engine control watch
ROV Support (Open water) 1
routines
ROV Support (Close Proximity - Surface/Subsea) 2 2 2
Floating Production (HC production) 3 2 3
Class 3 for Norwegian
1 2
Well intervention 2 2 3 Continental Shelf. For others, Class
1
Logistics Operations 2 2 2 accetable with Extra fire watch
2 and engine control watch routines
Subsea well workover 3 3
Accomodation (ganway connection to installation) 3 2 3
Accomodation (outside 500m safety zone) 2 USCG: Class 2 or above for MODU
Construction activies inside 500m general 2 2 according to IMO MODU Code
Construction activies outside 500m general 1

20
ABS DPS Rules & Guides & Notations

##  ABS Guide for Thrusters and Dynamic Positioning System (1994)

was incorporated in the Rules for Building and Classing Steel
Vessels, 4-3-5/15 in 2000
 ABS Guide for Dynamic Positioning Systems (December 2012)
 DPS Basic Notations
 DPS-0, DPS-1, DPS-2, DPS-3
 Inline with IMO Guidelines for Vessels with Dynamic Positioning
Systems (1994)
 Supplement Notations
 EHS-P, EHS-C, EHS-F
 SKP, SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f)
 Incorporate new development
 Provide flexibility

21
DPS Notations

 Notation DPS-0
 Most basic system
 No redundancy
 Centralized manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)
 Notation DPS-1
 No redundancy
 One automatic position and heading control computer
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)

22
DPS Notations

 Notation DPS-2
 Redundancy design and able to maintain position and heading with
a single fault
 Redundant(2) automatic position and heading control computers
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)
 Notation DPS-3
 Redundancy design with physical separation and able to maintain
position and heading with a single fault and loss of a compartment
due to fire or flood
 Redundant(3) automatic position and heading control computers
 Independent manual position control with automatic heading control
(joystick)

23
Dynamic Positioning Systems

## Items DPS Notation

0 1 2 3
Power System No Redundancy No Redundancy Redundancy Redundancy
Power management No No Yes Yes
UPS No Yes Yes Yes
Thruster System No Redundancy No Redundancy Redundancy Redundancy
Automatic Control 0 1 2 3
Computers
Manual Position 1 1 1 1
Control with Auto
Manual Independent Yes Yes Yes Yes
Thruster Control at
Bridge
Position Reference 1 2 3 3
Gyro Compass 1 2 3 3
MRU 0 2 3 3
Wind Sensors 1 2 3 3
Consequence No No Yes Yes
Analyzer
FMEA No No Yes Yes

24
Other ABS Rules Related to DP Components

##  ABS Steel Vessels Rules

 Diesel Engines – Section 4-2-1
 Gas Turbines – Section 4-2-3
 Electric Motors and Motor Controllers – Section 4-8-3
 Gears – Section 4-3-1
 Shafting – Section 4-3-2
 Propellers – Section 4-3-3
 Piping System – Chapter 4-6
 Thrusters 4-3-5
 Control Equipment and Systems – Section 4-9-7
 ABS MODU Rules
 Pumps and Piping Systems – Chapter 4-2
 Electrical Installation – Chapter 4-3
 Rules for Equipment and Machinery Certification – Part 6
 Surveys – Part 7
 ABS Rules for Survey After Construction
 Machinery Surveys – Chapter 7-6
 Shipboard Automatic and Remote-control Systems – Chapter 7-8
 Survey Requirements for Additional Systems and Services – Chapter 7-9

25
Guide Development Background

##  ABS updating Rules as routine process

 Industry demanding
 Wide range application of DP systems
 Flexibility
 Stationkeeping performance
 Robust redundancy design concept
 Enhanced generator protection technology
 Rapid automatic blackout recovery

26
Innovation & New Technology

##  Comprehensive operation monitoring

27
27
Gap Analysis

 Level of details
 Lack of specifications
 Closed bus design
 Criteria for stationkeeping performance
 Enhanced features
 Advanced generator protection and control
 Blackout prevention and automatic quick recovery
 Robust redundancy concept
 Fire and flood protection of machinery space (for DPS-2)
 Higher availability and reliability of position reference systems
and sensors

28
Overview DPS Guide Development

##  Major update for current ABS DPS Notations

 DPS-1
 DPS-2
 DPS-3
 Development of new optional notations
 DP system enhancement notation (EHS)
 Stationkeeping performance notation (SKP)
 Objective
 Provide flexibility
 Encourage higher design standards and consistent assessment

29
Highlight of DPS Guide

##  Definitions to form a common basis of understanding

 Requirements on documentations for quality and completeness
 Increased level of details on technical requirements
 New enhanced system notations (EHS)
 Recognition of design features beyond DPS-series notations
 Encourage higher safe design standard
 Provide flexibility to owners and operators
 New stationkeeping performance notation (SKP)
 Recognition of DP capability
 Encourage robust design and consistent assessment
 Increased level of details on testing
 Vessel type and activity specifics
30
Content of DPS Guide

 General
 DP System Design
 Power System
 Thruster System
 Control System
 Marine Auxiliary System
 Initial Test of DP System
 Enhanced DP System
 Stationkeeping Performance
 Specific Vessel Types
 Other Optional DP System Notations

31
Section 1-3: Definitions

##  Specified maximum environmental condition  Consequence analysis

 Specified operating envelope  DP capability analysis
 Single fault  Redundancy concept
 Dynamically positioned vessel  Critical redundancy
 Dynamic positioning system  Redundant groups
 Industry mission  Autonomous system
 Power system  Closed bus
 Thruster system  Common mod failure
 DP control system  Single fault tolerance
 Position reference system  Independence
 Joystick system  Loss of position
 Static component  Stationkeeping
 Active component
 Worst case failure

32
Section 1-4: Documentations

##  List of documentation (level of detail)

 Dynamic positioning system
 Power system
 Thruster system
 DP control system
 Documentation type (level of detail)
 R: Documentation for review
 I: Documentation for information and verification for consistency with
related review
 OB: Documentation needs to be kept onboard
 Basic design of DP system redundancy (R DPS-2 and DPS-3)
 Planned inspection and maintenance (I)

33
Section 2: Dynamic Positioning System Design

 1 General
 3 DP System Technical Requirements
 3.1 Basic requirement
 3.3 Redundancy design
 3.5 Physical separation
 3.7 DP system equipment requirements
 3.9 Stationkeeping performance
 5 Essential non-DP Systems
 5.1 General
 5.2 Emergency shut down system and DP redundancy
 5.3 Fire protection and DP redundancy
 5.4 Fuel quick closing valves and DP redundancy
 7 Alarms and Instrumentation
 9 Communications and DP Alter System
 9.1 Communications
 9.2 DP alter system
 11 Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
 11.1 Failure mode analysis
 11.2 FMEA report
 13 DP Operations Manual

34
Section 2: Dynamic Positioning System Design

##  Increased level of details for easy use

 Content of documents
 FMEA
– Failure modes
– FMEA analysis report
– FMEA proving trial report
 DP Operations Manual
 Stationkeeping performance analysis
 FMEA and Proving Trial Report (OB)
 After completion of DP proving sea trials, the final version of DP FMEA and
DP proving trial report, including final analysis and conclusions based on
actual results from DP testing, are to be submitted
 Updated after major modifications

35
Section 3: Power System

 1 General
 3 Power Generation System
 5 Power Distribution System
 7 Power Management System
 9 Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS)

36
Section 3: Power System

##  Level of details for easy use

 Closed bus tie breaker (DPS-2 and DPS-3)
 Capable of breaking the maximum short circuit current in the
combined system
 Coordinated in relation to generator breakers to avoid total loss of
main power (blackout)
 Two bus tie breakers are to be provided between bus sections
 Closed bus for DPS-3
 Consideration of EHS-P requirements
 If all thrusters are direct diesel drive, no need for a power
management system

37
Section 4: Thruster System

 1 General
 3 Thruster Capacity
 5 Thruster Configuration
 7 Thruster Auxiliary System
 9 Thruster Control
 11 Thruster Monitoring and Alarm
 Level of details for easy use

38
Section 5: DP Control System

 1 General
 3 DP Control Station
 5 DP Control System
 7 Manual Position Control System
 9 Control Mode Selection
 11 Position Reference System and Environment Sensor
 13 Consequence Analysis (For DPS-2/3)
 15 Display and Monitoring
 Level of details for easy use

39
Section 5: DP Control System

 DP Control Station
 Main DP control station with good viewing of the external surrounding area
and all activities relevant to the DP operation
 Backup DP control station, a night vision, closed-circuit TV (CCTV) system
is acceptable for viewing the external surrounding area
 Data Communication Networks
 Communication network for DP control system is to be duplicated for
DPS-2 and also separated for DPS-3
 Manual position control system is not to share the same communication
network with the DP control system
 Control Mode Selection
 Easy operational device to be provided in the DP control station for the
selection of the thruster control modes
 Transfer of control to the backup DP control station to be initiated at backup
control station and performed manually

40
Section 5/11: Position Reference System & Wind Sensor

##  One set of position reference system

 GPS (others, position measurement devices)
 MRU (others, roll and pitch measurement for position correction)
 MRU: where position reference systems are dependent on
correction of roll and pitch effect, MRU or equivalent is to be
provided
UPSs and follow group redundancy concept

41
Section 6: Marine Auxiliary System (DPS 2/3)

 1 General
 3 Fuel Oil
 5 Cooling Water
 7 Compressed Air
 9 Lubrication Oil Systems
 11 HVAC and Ventilation
 13 Piping
 15 Pneumatic Systems
 17 Power Supply to Auxiliary Systems
 Level of details for easy use

42
Section 6: Marine Auxiliary System (DPS 2/3)

##  Auxiliary systems to be arranged in accordance with the

redundancy concept
 A single failure effect analysis for auxiliary systems to be included
in the DP system FMEA
 Fuel water content monitoring with remote alarms is to be
installed
 Power for auxiliary systems associated with DP systems is to be
taken from within the redundancy group

43
Section 7: DP System Initial Test

 1 General
 3 DP System Performance Test
 5 FMEA Proving Trial for DPS-2/DPS-3
 Level of details

44
Section 7: System Performance Test

##  30 minute UPS Test

 Position Reference Systems and Sensors
 Manual Position Control System
 Manual Thruster Control System
 Thruster Emergency Stop
 DP Control System
 Control and Alarms
 Standby Changeover
 Protection equipment are to be tested if they are designed to
provide essential redundancy of the DP system
 6-hour Performance Endurance Test
45
Section 7: FMEA Proving Trial for DPS-2/DPS-3

##  FMEA tests to confirm the findings from FMEA analysis

 Test procedures are to be developed in the FMEA analysis
 Vessel is to operate in configurations analyzed in DP system
FMEA
 Submit final version of DP FMEA including conclusions from the
testing

46
Section 8: Enhanced System

 New Notations
 EHS-P for enhanced power plant and thruster system
 EHS-C for enhanced control system
 EHS-F for fire and flood tolerance design

##  Supplement information for DPS-2/DPS-3 Notations

 Provide three groups for flexibility and easy recognition
 Can be combined as EHS-PC, etc.
 Objective
 Improve reliability, operability and maintainability

##  Recognize safety features that beyond minimum requirements

 Encourage higher safe design standard
47
Enhanced Propulsion System EHS-P

##  Applicable to DPS-2 and DPS-3 system

 Features on power plant protection and quick blackout recovery
 High safety measurement against closed bus operation
 Targeting reduced consequence of failure

48
EHS-P Requirement

##  Enhanced generator protection

 Failure detection and discrimination of failed components before a
full or partial black-out situation occurs
 Open bus-tie if the faulty generator fails to trip
 One protection system per generator
 Robust redundancy design
 Autonomous generator sets
 Autonomous thruster sets
 Blackout prevention and automatic recovery (60s)
 Power management system
 Thruster phase back
 System ride through capability (short circuit)

49
EHS-P Requirement

 Autonomous
 Control and automation – to be decentralized to the point that each
item of main machinery (generators and thrusters) is capable of
making itself ready for DP operations independently of any
centralized control system
 Auxiliary – to be provided in a manner that makes the machinery
(generators and thrusters) as independent as practical to minimize
the number of failures that can lead to the loss of more than one
main item of machinery

50
Enhanced Control System EHS-C

##  Applicable to DPS-2 and DPS-3 system

 Aiming for higher availability and reliability of input data to the
control system
 Statistics point to the necessary of improvement
 Encourage for higher design standard

## Incidents that led to loss of position

1994-2007
DP Computer 62
Environment 40
DP Computer
Power Generation 50 Environment
Operator Error 89 Power Generation

## References 103 Operator Error

References
Thruster 76 Thruster
Electrical 22 Electrical

Total 442

51
EHS-C Requirement

##  Three position reference systems and sensors available at any

given time and location
 Four position reference systems and four sensors with
combination of different systems
 Redundancy of relative reference system for offshore support
vessels
 Three DP control computers (one backup)
 Equipment from different suppliers or using different principles of
operation
 DP Data Logger
 Integration of the centralized control system with sub-control
systems

52
Fire & Flood Tolerance Design EHS-F

##  Applicable to DPS-2 system

 Provide another level of measurement for fire and flood tolerance
design
 Focus on fire risk spaces
 Flexibility for diversified market needs

53
EHS-F Requirement

##  DPS-3 automatically meets EHS-F requirements

 A-0 separation along boundary of redundancy groups
 No A-0 separation required between main and backup DP control
station
 A-60 separation for high fire risk spaces
 The high fire risk area is the area defined by SVR 4-8-4/1.11
including
 Machinery spaces as defined by 4-7-1/11.15 and 4-7-1/11.17
 Spaces containing fuel treatment equipment and other highly
flammable substances

54
Summary of Enhanced DP Systems
EHS-P EHS-C EHS-F

## 2+1 Backup DP Control

Autonomous Generator Set Generators and Prime Movers
computers and controllers
Separate compartments, A60 for
Bus Tie Breaker high fire risk area. Watertight
Wind Sensors
redundantly configured
3 + 1 in back up control station below damage waterline.
between each bus segment

## Power Distribution System

Enhanced Generator Gyros A0 between redundant groups.
Protection 3 + 1 in backup control station Watertight below damage
waterline.

Thruster System
Enhanced Power MRU A0 between redundant groups.
Management 3 + 1 in backup control station Watertight below damage
waterline.

## Position Reference Systems Controller Space

Autonomous Thruster Set
3 + 1 in backup control station A0 between redundant groups.

55
Closed Bus

##  Enhanced system design (EHS-P)

 Improvement of active redundancy
 Reduce consequence after failure
 At least two or more generators running and they are connected
to two or more sections of the main bus
 The worst case failure of the configuration is not to result to a
blackout
 Spinning reserve is to be able to make up at least 50% lost
capacity after the worst case failure of the operating mode in
consideration
 Other 50% lost capacity can be provided from the standby units

56
Standby Start

 Changeover is to be automatic
 Position and heading of the vessel are within the specified limits and DP
 Maximum allowed changeover time is 45s
 Single fault does not cause total blackout including loss of entire
compartment for DPS-3
 A failure in one redundancy group is not to cause failure of more than
one redundancy groups
 A failure in the system being changed over to is not to cause failure of
more than one redundancy groups
 Changeover is not to cause failure of the redundancy group that is being
connected to
 At least, one standby generator is to be considered not available when
needed

57
FMEA & Test (EHS)

##  Operation of protection systems (breakers, bus ties, etc.) related

to short circuit
 Severe voltage dips associated with short circuit faults in power
plant configured as a common power system
 Failure to excess and insufficient fuel
 Over and under-excitation
 Governor and AVR failure modes
 Failure modes related to standby start and changeover
 Power management failure on load sharing, malfunction, etc.
 Phase back thrust and large load
 Blackout recovery

58
Documentation (EHS)

##  Description of protection design philosophy and protection

systems the redundancy concept of DP system depends on
 Analysis of effects of severe voltage transients on power system
stability
 Short circuit analysis
 Simulation of severe over/under voltage and over/under
frequency
 Protection coordination analysis
 Protection settings
 Description of automatic blackout recovery

59
Section 9: Stationkeeping Performance

 New notations
 SKP: verification for given design environmental conditions through
analysis
 SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f): determine limiting environments for a given
environment site through analysis

##  Supplement for DPS-series notations

 Objective
 Recognition of DP capability
 Encourage robust design and consistent assessment

60
SKP Notation

##  Owner specify design environment conditions

 Design wind speed and directions
 Design wave height, related period and directions
 Design current speed and directions
 Station keeping performance assessment
 Available thrust calculation including effect due to thruster
interference with others
 Analysis results demonstrate the capability of stationkeeping for
the specified environment conditions

61
Result Presentation for SKP

62

##  Wind and current

 1-minute mean wind speed at 10-meter above water surface
 Model test data to be used whenever possible
 For non-ship shape unit, wind and current forces according to
ABS Rules for MODU, FPI or API 2SK
 For a ship shape unit, wind and forces according to ABS Rules for
MODU, FPI, API RP 2SK or OCIMF publication
 Wave
 Significant wave heights and characteristic periods (frequencies)
 JONSWAP for North Sea and locations with limited fetch
 Bretschneider for open seas
 Model test data for wave drift force if available
 Drift force calculation using appropriate hydrodynamic analysis
computer program
63
Available Thrust

 Manufacturer’s test data of full scale or suitable model test for the
thrust output of thrusters to be used
 This Guide provides method for
determining available thrust
 Thruster-Thruster Interaction
 Thruster-Hull Interaction
 Thruster-Current Interaction

64
DP Capability

## Real Capability Predicted Capability

Courtesy: MTS/Shell

65
SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f) Notation

 a: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with all
thrusters operating for location f and current speed e
 b: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
failure of minimum effect of single thruster for location f and
current speed e
 c: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
failure of maximum effect single thruster for location f and current
speed e
 d: the probability that the vessel can remain on station with the
worst case failure condition for location f and current speed e
 e: current speed in knot (owner specify or typical 1.5 kt)
 f: environment location (owner specify or typical North Sea)

66
SKP(a,b,c,d,e,f) Notation

##  Same analysis procedures for load and thrust calculation

 May cover SKP if design environments are given and are within
the limit
 Require for the relationship between wind speeds and wave
heights
 Require probability of non-exceedance of wind speed

67
Wind & Wave Relationship (North Sea)

68
Result Presentation for SKP(a,b,c,d)

## Typical DP Capability Plot

69
Section 9: Sub-sections

##  1 General  9 Other External Load

 1.1 Definition  11 Available Thrust
 1.1.1 SKP  11.1 Available Thrust for Thrusters
 1.1.2 SKP (a,b,c,d)  11.3 Thruster-Thruster Interaction
 1.1.3 Normal Operation Condition  11.5 Thruster-Hull Interaction
 1.1.4 Standby Condition  11.7 Thruster-Current Interaction
 3 Environmental Condition  11.9 Available Thrust for Transverse
 3.1 Wind Tunnel Thrusters

##  5.1 DP System Configurations

 5.3 Operation Conditions
 7.1 Wind and current force
 7.3 Wave force

70
Documentation

##  Where the DP system is to be supplemented with a

stationkeeping performance notation, the following information is
to be submitted for review
 General arrangement and lines plan
 Thruster arrangement
 Thruster power and thrust
 Thruster interactions
 Analysis procedures
 Capability plots
 Documentation on the environment conditions long term distribution
(any area for intended service)
 Owner specified limiting environments

71
Section 10: Specific Vessel Types

 1 Introduction
 3 Mobile Offshore Drilling Units
 Effect of drilling
 Effect of emergency shutdown system
 Effect of emergency disconnect system
 Maintenance plan
 5 Project or Construction Vessels
 Suitable DP Control modes
 Redundancy of relative position reference system
 7 Logistics Vessels
 Redundancy of relative position reference system

72
DPS Guide Development Milestones

Jan 2012 Jun 2012 Aug 2012 Oct 2012 Dec 2012

## Project Kickoff Review

Divisions feedback
Technology
TBDs Initial
Previous DP development Consultant
Consultant work work DPS draft guide feedback
development DPS Guide

Internal and
Project external
Plan review
Industry
workshop Rough Draft
for DP
consultants
review and
improvement

73
Summary

##  DPS Guide to reduce the gaps between industry practices and

class requirements
 New notations for enhanced system (EHS) and stationkeeping
performance (SKP)
 Provide systematic measurement Shipbuilder

Classification
 Provide more flexibility for Charterer
Society
owners and operators
 Need industry feedbacks for SHIP
OWNER
further improvement Shipping
Financier Flag State

74
www.eagle.org