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This documentary is all about the topic Obesity which contributes to several cause of death among in America , including

heart disease, type 2 diabetes, certain cancers and stroke. This film is intended to increase peoples awareness of the health risks of being overweight or obese. The first film in 'The Weight of the Nation' series examines the scope of the obesity epidemic and explores the serious health consequences of being overweight or obese. The first character we meet is Cindy. Born and raised in Bogalusa, Louisiana, Cindy is the mother of two grown sons and now a proud grandmother. Cindy allowed HBO into her home and life to discuss some very painful things. Shes only 99 pounds when she got married, Cindy has struggled with her weight ever since her first pregnancy. And it's only gotten harder for her. Health and behaviors in early childhood can have serious consequences later on in life. The Bogalusa Heart Study ,which Cindy was a participant, shows that overweight and obese children have risk factors for heart disease, even at a young age The obesity epidemic is a problem that's emerged over the last 30 years. It threatens our nation's social, economic and physical health. But, unlike a natural disaster, obesity is often preventable. Although overall obesity prevalence rates appear to be leveling off, there are still far too many Americans who are overweight or obese and who continue to develop result. In order to end the epidemic, everyone must be part of the solution. At the level of our DNA, we're programmed to eat as much as we can to survive and store the extra as fat for future energy use. In a world where calorie-dense, sugar-laden and fatty foods are available around every corner, that's a problem. The good news is that, even if the propensity to gain weight is written into our genes, we're not fated to a lifetime of fat. As we take a look at many parts of the world, especially in America it is clear that we have all been getting heavier. But the problem doesn't affect all communities equally. The sad fact is that obesity rates are higher in some ethnic communities and in lower-income states. The trends are so extreme that they are attracting the attention of health officials and lawmakers. health problems as a

Obesity among children is also rising, and it's a real threat that may have lasting health consequences. As it says in the film, based in an observations of the Bogalusa Middle School Health Clinic, overweight and obese children are at risk of being in dialysis in their thirties if nothing will be done now. The good news is that we can make a difference in our children's lives both now and as they get older by helping them adopt healthy eating behaviors and become more active in their life . There's a powerful connection between being overweight or obese and having heart disease as an adult. The heart, our hardest-working muscle, spends every second of every day vigorously pumping blood to the farthest reaches of our bodies. The larger we become, the harder our hearts have to work to keep blood circulating. The bottom line is that, being overweight or obese places you at a higher risk of developing heart disease and suffering a stroke as an adult.

Beyond the cardiovascular system, excess weight has negative consequences throughout the body. Almost every organ system in the body is adversely affected by having excess body fat. Even a small amount of excess weight, accumulated slowly at the rate of a few pounds a year over many years, can lead to type 2 diabetes. Being over 45 years of age, having a family history of diabetes, being physically inactive and being overweight or obese can increase a person's chances of developing type 2 diabetes. If poorly controlled or left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a number of serious health problems, including heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, amputation and even death. In addition to type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease, health issues that we commonly associate with being overweight or obese can increase our risk of developing certain types of cancer, arthritis, joint problems, sleep apnea, kidney, gallbladder, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, infertility, and more. Obesity can also increase our risk of developing neurological and psychiatric conditions, including depression and Alzheimers disease. Interestingly, not all fat affects our bodies the same way. Fat stored in some regions of the body behaves differently, triggering dangerous metabolic changes in our systems.

Obesity is not only one of the top public health issues facing our country. It's also a threat to a nation's bottom line. Rising obesity rates threaten to drag an economy down through higher health care costs and lower productivity. Currently, 69% of American adults are overweight or obese. If we dont decrease the rates of obesity, many children born in 2000 or later will suffer from type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives, and many others may facechronic obesityrelated health problems like hypertension, joint problems, asthma and type 2 diabetes as kids, as well as increased risk for heart disease and cancer as adults. Some experts believe todays children will be the first generation of young people in the nations history who will have shorter lifespans than their parents. Obesity can no longer be viewed as purely an issue of personal responsibility. Things in our society are causing our waistlines to expand and our health to decline.

In the Philippines, a survey by the National Statistics Coordination Board (NSCB) as of 2008 showed that 26.6% of Filipino adults are overweight, higher than 16.6% in 1993.Of the number, 5.2% are obese. Among children aged 5 to 10 years old, 6.6% are overweight against only 5.8% during the last survey in 2003.The rise comes despite a reported drop in Filipinos' food intake to 861 grams per day in 2008 from 803 grams in 1993. Intake of poultry has increased the highest, by 4.3% from 1978 to 2008, followed by other meats (3.1%) on an annual compounded basis, Astrologo said, citing government data. On the other hand, intake of roots and tubers declined by 2.6%, and fruits by 2.2%.

Consumption of rice slightly increased by 0.1%. From 2003 to 2008, the proportion of households that met the required intake of nutrients such as Niacin, Ascorbic Acid, Thiamin, Iron and Calcum also decreased. While the number of fat Filipinos is growing, it is still much less than those in neighboring countries in the region. Only 5.2% of the population in the Philippines are obese, against 14.1% in Malaysia, 8.5% in Thailand, 7.9% in Brunei and 6.4% in Singapore, according to the NSCB survey. Obese people, meanwhile, are more prone to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, heart disease and stroke, said Dr. Tony Dans of the Philippine General Hospital.

REACTION PAPER IN OBESITY

Submitted by: Krizia P. Bonilla Submitted to: Ms. Honey Mae Adolfo