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efinition: - The method of propagation of energy, in which heat energy goes one place to another place
q Q qr qa = + + t Q Q Q Q
I =

r+a+t

## qr = coefficient of reflection or reflection coefficient. Q qa = Absorption coefficient. a = Q qt = transmission coefficient. t = Q

r =

Reflection coefficient: -The ratio radiations reflected by body and total radiations coming to the body is said to be reflection coefficient. Absorption Coefficient: - The ratio of radiations absorbed by the body and total radiations coming to the body is said to absorption coefficient. Coefficient of transmition: - The ratio of Radiations transmitted by the body and total Radiations coming to the body is said to be coefficient of transmition.

Special Conditions :1. r + a + t =1 If a = 0 t = 0 then r =1 , Perfect Reflector . 2. If r = 0 t = 0 then a = 1 , Perfect Absorber or Black Body. 3. If r = 0 a = 0 then t = 1, Perfect transparent. BLACK BODY :- The body which absorbs all the radiation coming to it is said to black body. Practically no body is black body , but Lamp Black - 96% absorption Platinum Black 98% Absorption(maximum). Ferrys Practical Black Body: -

1.

A copper pot having double wall and a PLATINUM BLACK hole in it for coming radiations. 2. Platinum black is polished on the inner wall of the pot to increase the absorption capacity. 3. A conical projection in front of the hole to check direct reflection. 4. The radiations coming through the hole are absorbed after the reflection from conical projections absorption may be in successive reflections. 5. If we heat the copper pot then radiations CONICAL PROJECTION comes out from the hole, Spectrum of these radiations is quite similar that of to black body thats why this body is said to be PRATICAL BLACK BODY . Dependence of Radiations Emitted By Any Body:- If R are the radiation emitted by any body then 1. RA 2. R ( - 0 ) (A => Surface area of the body)
( => Temperature of body) (0 => Temperature of Surroundings)

e = e d 0