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TAILINGS DEPOSITION MODELLING TUTORIAL Embankment Modelling First Principles

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INTRODUCTION
During this tutorial the User will develop an embankment from first principles. During this tutorial we will also:

Calculate model volumes Merge the embankment model in the base model Generate a pond Extract a longitudinal section Extract cross sections

While working through this tutorial a copy of the Rift TD Users Manual may be useful. The Users manual is installed as part of the Rift TD installation process. Alternatively, it can be downloaded from our download page at www.riftxone.com.

TUTORIAL COMPONENTS
This tutorial comprises:

This instruction set Rift TD Data Files:


Base Model.rft: The surface on which the embankment is generated Final Model.rft: The base surface with the embankment Merge.rft: The embankment merged into the base model Embankment String.txt: The ASCII file defining the embankment crest Survey Data.txt: Topography survey data

ASCII Data Files:


BASE TOPOGRAPHY
Base topography has been generated using an ASCII data file. A tutorial outlining initial surface development is available from our download page at www.riftxone.com: Initial Model SetUp (ASCII Data) This tutorial provides the Rift TD data file, Base Model.rft, as a starting point. To start the tutorial open the Rift TD data file Base Model.rft included with the tutorial.
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EMBANKMENT DEVELOPMENT
To generate the embankment we will:

Generate strings defining the upstream and downstream embankment crests Interpolate nodes along the strings Generate toe point nodes using the strings Triangulate the nodes to form a new surface Delete superfluous triangles

DEFINE EMBANKMENT CRESTS

Click

String tool-button or Edit Strings Add Graphic Data Tool-button or Right click on the DTM Graphic and select Data Add or Select Data Graphic Data Manipulation Add

Activate graphic add functionality; click


Click on the DTM Graphic to add string nodes and define the string Press Esc when done Set the string node elevations to the embankment crest ele-

vation

Right click on the Data Grid Select Set Node Elevations Enter a Constant Elevation of 1350m Click Ok

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Add the downstream crest string

Click

Add String Parallel Tool-button or Strings Add Parallel

The Offset Distance Dialog is displayedenter a value of 5m On the DTM Graphic:


Click close to a string to select it Click on the string side to indicate the parallel strings location

A parallel string is added to the model Click Cancel on the Offset Distance Dialog Click

Interpolate nodes along the string

Interpolate Nodes Tool-button or Select Strings Interpolate Nodes

Click close to a string (either the upstream or downstream string) to select itthe String Interpolate Nodes Dialog is presented

Select Surface 2 from the Add Nodes to Surface No. Drop Down Box Enter 30 for the Number of Nodes Click Ok

Repeat the above procedure to interpolate nodes along the second string Generate string toe points

Click

Generate Toe Points Tool-button or Select Strings Toe Points

Click close to a string (either the upstream or the downstream string) to select itthe StringToe Points Dialog is presented

Uncheck Consider String Points Below Surface Select Intersection Surface No. 1 from the drop down box

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Select Surface 2 from the Add Nodes to Surface No. Drop Down Box Enter 30 for the Number of Nodes Enter a Slope of 1 in 3.5 Down Click Ok

Click on the DTM Graphic to indicate the Down side Toe points are generated and added to Surface No. 2

Repeat the above procedure to generate toe points using the second string Triangulate the nodes on Surface No. 2 to form the embankment surface

Activate Surface No. 2 (the new surface to which the nodes were added)

Click Surface Tool-button or Edit Nodes Select Data List No. 2 from the Data List No. Combo box Click Triangulate Tool-button or Select Surface Model Elements Triangulate Click No when prompted if you should be notified when duplicated nodes are found duplicated nodes are automatically deleted The model is triangulated and the graphics updated to show surface

Triangulate the nodes


Delete spurious nodes that fall outside the embankment boundary


Delete elements cut by a line Click the Delete Elements Cut by Line Tool-button or

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Select Sur-

face Model Elements Delete Line


The Define Line Dialog is presented Click on the DTM Graphic to draw a line intersecting elements that are to be deleted

Click the accept button on the Define Line Dialog to accept and delete the elements Delete remaining spurious elements Click Delete Single Element Tool-button or Surface Model Elements Delete Single Move the cursor over spurious elements on DTM Graphic; element boundaries are highlighted Click on elements that are to be deleted

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V O L U M E C A L C U L AT I O N S
Two volume calculations modes are available:

Grid Volumes: Volumes are calculated using a User specified rectangular grid Tin Volumes: Volumes are calculated using model triangles

GRID VOLUMES

Click the

Grid Volumes Tool-button or Surface Model Volumes Grid Model

The Grid Volumes Dialog is presented Enter:


A Volume Model of 2 A Base Model of 1 A Grid Spacing of 5

Click Ok

Volumes are calculated and results displayed on the Volumes Dialog Copy results to the clipboard by clicking the Copy to Clipboard link

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TIN VOLUMES

Click the

Tin Volumes Tool-button or Surface Model Volumes Tin

The Tin Volumes Dialog is presented Enter:


A Volume Model of 2 A Base Model of 1

Click Ok Volumes are calculated and results displayed on the Volumes Dialog Copy results to the clipboard by clicking the Copy to Clipboard link

MERGING MODELS
In this section we will merge the embankment model into the Base Model. This is necessary to generate a pond in the basin behind the embankment, the focus of the next section of this tutorial.

Click

Model Merge Tool-button or Surface Model Merge

The Model Merge Dialog is displayed Enter


Merge All Nodes Merge Model of 2 Base Model of 1

Click Ok Model No. 2 is merged into Model No. 1.

P O N D G E N E R AT I O N

Click

Pond Wizard Tool-button or Surface Model Pond Generate Pond

The Pond Data Dialog is displayed

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Click Select Point Click on the DTM Graphic in the Pond Basin Click Next Enter a Maximum Pond Elevation of 1348.50m Enter a Volume Elevation Interval of 0.5m Ensure that the View Graph Check box is checked Click Finish The pond is generated and the DTM and 3D Graphics updated The Pond Elevation/Area/Volume curve is presented

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EXTRACT A LONGITUDINAL SECTION


Define a string along the longitudinal section alignment Activate Strings

Click

String tool-button or Edit Strings

Add a new String

Click on the Add Data List Tool-button Right click on the DTM Graphic and select Data Add or Select Data Graphic Data Manipulation Add

Activate graphic add functionality


Click on the DTM Graphic to add string nodes and define the string

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Press Esc when done Click the String-Longitudinal Section Tool-button or Select Strings Longitudinal Section Click close to the string on the DTM Graphic to select it The Select Model Dialog is presented

Enter the Model No 1 as the model to be used when extracting the section Click Ok

The longitudinal section is extracted and presented on the Longitudinal Section Form

EXTRACT CROSS SECTIONS


Define a string along the longitudinal section alignment Activate Strings

Click

String tool-button or

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Edit Strings

Add a new String

Click on the Add Data List Tool-button Right click on the DTM Graphic and select Data Add or Select Data Graphic Data Manipulation Add

Activate graphic add functionality


Click on the DTM Graphic to add string nodes defining the string

Press Esc when done to cancel Data Add functionality Click the String-Cross Section Tool-button or Select Strings Cross Section Click close to the string on the DTM Graphic to select it The Cross Section Data Dialog is presented

Un-check Add Section Strings to DTM Un-check Add Segment End Sections Enter Model No. 1 as the model to be used when extracting the cross sections Enter a Left Offset of 100m Enter a Right Offset of 100m Enter a Cross Section Spacing of 100m Click Ok

The cross sections are generated and presented on the Cross Section Form

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