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Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

JT15D Series (CAT C) ATA 77 – E NGINE I NDICATING Page 1 of 8 FOR

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

ATA 77ENGINE INDICATING

0 TABLE OF CONTENTS

1

Inter turbine temperature sensing system (T 5 )

3

1.1

Purpose

3

1.2

T 1 harness

3

1.3

T 6 harness

3

1.4

Variable resistor

3

1.5

Operation

4

2

T 5 system calibration

5

2.1

Purpose

5

2.2

Operation

5

2.3

Maintenance

6

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

1 INTERTURBINE TEMPERATURE SENSING SYSTEM (T 5 )

1.1 Purpose

The T 5 sensing system indicates the engine temperature at station no. 5.

1.2 T 1 Harness

The T 1 harness consists of a braided harness incorporating two temperature probes (T 2.6 and T 2 ), each containing three thermocouples.

The T 2 probe is located on the inlet case before the fan (JT15D-1 and 4 series). The T 2 probes are located in the airframe inlet cowling before the fan (JT15D- series).

The T 2.6 probes are located at the rear of the outer bypass duct.

1.3 T 6 Harness

The T 6 harness consists of an insulated wiring harness and six individual thermocouples. The thermocouples are located at the leading edge of the exhaust case struts.

1.4 Variable Resistor

The resistor is mounted at the T 6 /T 1 harness junction at the rear of the engine.

T 6 /T 1 harness junction at the rear of the engine. Page 3 of 8

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

1.5

Operation

Simulated interturbine temperature (T 5 ) readout is computed by adding three times the air temperature rise across the bypass duct to the exhaust temperature (JT15D-1 and 4 series). Simulated interturbine temperature (T 5 ) readout is computed by adding three times the air temperature rise across the fan to the exhaust temperature (JT15D-5 series). The resulting signal is then corrected for sampling error with a variable resistor.

By sensing the inlet and outlet temperatures of the bypass air stream, rise in air temperature through the bypass duct can be established by subtracting inlet from outlet temperature.

This is accomplished via the T 2 and T 2.6 probes as each probe contains three thermocouples connected in series. Rise in temperature is multiplied by three to provide the required readout.

The T 6 probes are connected in parallel through the wiring harness to provide an average exhaust temperature. The T 6 and T 1 harnesses connected in series provide the output signal to the cockpit gauge.

The simulated T 5 temperature is represented by the following formula:

T5 = T6 + 3 x (T2.6 - T2)

by the following formula: T5 = T6 + 3 x (T2.6 - T2) Page 4 of

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

2 T 5 SYSTEM CALIBRATION

2.1 Purpose

true

representation of the engine temperature (correct for sampling errors).

Adjust

the

indication

in

order

to

get

a

2.2 Operation

Uneven heat distribution within the gas path causes individual thermocouple to sense different temperatures and generate different voltages (temperature). The actual temperature is calculated at engine test and is used to determine engine acceptance.

A variable resistor mounted on the T 1 harness corrects the untrimmed indication in order to send a valid engine temperature to the cockpit.

The amount of trimming provided by the variable resistor is a function of its internal resistance. The resistance is set at engine test to generate the required temperature trim. The trim value in ohm is indicated on the engine trim data plate.

value in ohm is indicated on the engine trim data plate. Page 5 of 8 FOR

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

2.3

Maintenance

2.3.1

Loop resistance

Disconnect all leads from T 1 harness connector on the inlet case 1 harness connector on the inlet case

Measure loop resistance of T 5 system between alumel and chromel terminals 5 system between alumel and chromel terminals

Referto Engine

to

Engine

Maintenance

Manual

for

resistance limits

2.3.2

Insulation resistance

Connect test set to alumel or chromel terminal and groundfor resistance limits 2.3.2 Insulation resistance insulation Measure resistance (5000 ohms minimum)

insulationMeasure

Measure

resistance

(5000

ohms

minimum)

2.3.3

Heat response

Connect test set to alumel and chromel leads on the T 6 harness 6 harness

probe individually and verify for atest set to alumel and chromel leads on the T 6 harness Heat each response If

Heat each

response

If the variable resistor is found defective, replace the unit with new one and adjust it to the value marked on the engine plateprobe individually and verify for a Heat each response NOTE: Always clean connectors carefully to ensure

NOTE: Always clean connectors carefully to ensure the system resistance is not disturbed. Repair the terminal post if the ceramic insulation is cracked. Individual probes, T 1 and T 6 harness can be replaced if found defective

1 and T 6 harness can be replaced if found defective Page 6 of 8 FOR

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

Pratt & Whitney JT15D Series (CAT C)

ATA 77 ENGINE INDICATING

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