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Program

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Program
Programming defines the operations that will machine the part.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID GROOVE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID_1

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Face the part

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Face the part


You will create an operation that faces the end of the part.

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Create the facing operation

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Create the facing operation


These steps specify the operation type and groups that define essential information for facing.

Click Create Operation

Be sure Turning_Exp has been selected from the Type list. Turning_Exp

Click FACING

Specify the following. Program 1234 Tool OD_80_L

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method LATHE_FINISH

The operation will be placed in the 1234 program. It will use the part and blank geometry you specified in WORKPIECE and the parameters you defined in AVOIDANCE. It will use the OD_80_L tool defined by the setup. The LATHE_FINISH method removes all stock. Click OK.

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Define a trim plane

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Define a trim plane


These steps define a trim plane that will constrain the cut region to the end of the part.

In the Geometry section of the dialog box, click Edit

next to Cut Regions.

In the Axial Trim Plane 1 section of the dialog box, select Point from the Limit Option list. Limit Option Select the end of the curve. Point

Click OK to accept the Cut Regions dialog box.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the facing operation. Click Program Order View and expand 1234. FACING is the first operation in the program. 1234 FACING

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Spot drill

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Spot drill
You will create an operation that spot drills the hole.

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Create the spot drilling operation

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Create the spot drilling operation


These steps specify the operation type and groups that define essential information for spot drilling.

Click Create Operation

Click CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool SPOTDRILL

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. LATHE_CENTERLINE

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Expand the Options section of the dialog box .

Click Edit Display

From the Tool Display list, select 2D. Tool Display Click OK. 2D

Click Generate

Click OK to complete the centerline spot drilling operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL

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Drill

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Drill
You will create an operation that drills the 19 mm diameter hole.

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Create the drilling operation

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Create the drilling operation


Click Create Operation .

Click CENTERLINE_DRILLING Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool DRILL

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. In the Start Point and Depth section of the dialog box, select Shoulder Depth from the Depth Option list. Depth Option Type 110 in the Distance box. Shoulder Depth LATHE_CENTERLINE

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Expand the Options section of the dialog box .

Click Edit Display

From the Tool Display list, select 2D. Tool Display Click OK. 2D

Click Generate

Click OK to complete the centerline drilling operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING

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Rough the outside diameter

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Rough the outside diameter


You will create an operation that roughs the outside diameter of the part.

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Create the OD roughing operation

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Create the OD roughing operation


Click Create Operation .

Click ROUGH_TURN_OD Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool OD_80_L

Geometry CONTAINMENT Method Click OK. LATHE_ROUGH

Click Display

next to Cut Regions.

The operation uses the axial containment plane defined in CONTAINMENT to limit the cut region.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Zoom In

on the groove and notice that the tool path cuts down into the groove.

This can be corrected by omitting the Reversal Mode. This will prevent the tool from descending into smaller diameter areas in the part. From the Reversal Mode list, select Omit. Reversal Mode Omit

Click Generate

Click OK to complete the roughing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD

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Groove the outside diameter

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Groove the outside diameter


You will create an operation that grooves the outside diameter of the part.

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Define a grooving tool

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Define a grooving tool


These steps define the tool you will use to groove the outside diameter.

Click Create Tool

Click OD_GROOVE_L

Select STATION_06 from the Tool list. Click OK. Click OK to complete the tool.

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Create the OD grooving operation

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Create the OD grooving operation

Click Create Operation Click GROOVE_OD Specify the following. .

Program 1234 Tool Method OD_GROOVE_L LATHE_GROOVE Geometry AVOIDANCE

Click OK. From the Cut Depth list, select Constant. Cut Depth Constant

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Define trim planes

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Define trim planes These steps define two trim planes that constrain the cut region to the inside of the groove.

In the Geometry section of the dialog box, click Edit

next to Cut Regions.

In the Trim Point 1 section of the dialog box, select Specify from the Point Option list. Point Option Specify

Click Specify Point

Select the top of the vertical line on the left side of the groove as illustrated below.

Click OK. In the Trim Point 2 section of the dialog box, select Specify from the Point Option list. Point Option Specify

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Define trim planes

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Click Specify Point

Select the top of the vertical line on the right side of the groove as illustrated below.

Click OK. Click OK to accept the Cut Regions dialog box.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path

Click Generate

The tool collides with the part as it leaves the groove.

This can be corrected by editing the motion to the return point.

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Specify non-cutting moves

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Specify non-cutting moves These steps specify a motion to the return point that avoids colliding with the part. Click Non-Cutting Moves Click the Departure tab. In the Motion to Return Point / Clearance Plane section, select RadialAxial from the Motion Type list. Motion Type Radial->Axial .

Click OK to accept the Non-Cutting Moves dialog box.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path

Click Generate

Click OK to complete the grooving operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD

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Finish the outside diameter

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Finish the outside diameter You will create an operation that finishes the outside diameter of the part.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the finishing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the finishing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD

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Rough bore the inside diameter

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Rough bore the inside diameter


You will create an operation that rough bores the inside diameter of the part.

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Define a boring tool

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Define a boring tool


These steps define the tool you will use to rough bore the inside diameter.

Click Create Tool

Click ID_55_L

Select STATION_07 from the Tool list. Click OK. Type 0.4 in the Nose Radius box. Type 5 in the Length box to define the cutting edge. Click the Holder tab. Type the following values. (L) Length 100.0000 (W) Width 10.0000 (SW) Shank Width 10.0000 (SL) Shank Line 10.0000 Click OK to complete the tool.

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Create the ID rough boring operation

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Create the ID rough boring operation


Click Create Operation .

Click ROUGH_BORE_ID Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool ID_55_L

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. Select Omit from the Reversal Mode list. Reversal Mode Omit LATHE_ROUGH

Omitting the Reversal Mode will prevent the tool from descending into the groove.

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Specify non-cutting moves

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Specify non-cutting moves


These steps specify a motion type that allows the tool to avoid the part when approaching the Return Point. Click Non-Cutting Moves Click the Departure tab. Under Motion to Return Point / Clearance Plane, select Clear AxialDirect from the Motion Type list. Motion Type Click OK to accept the non-cutting moves. Clear Axial->Direct .

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the roughing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID

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Finish bore the inside diameter

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Finish bore the inside diameter


You will create an operation that finish bores the inside diameter of the part.

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Create the ID finish boring operation

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Create the ID finish boring operation


Click Create Operation .

Click FINISH_BORE_ID Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool ID_55_L

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. LATHE_FINISH

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the finishing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID

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Groove the inside diameter

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Groove the inside diameter


You will create an operation that grooves the inside diameter of the part.

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Define a grooving tool

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Define a grooving tool


These steps define a standard grooving tool you will use to groove the inside diameter.

Click Create Tool

Click ID_GROOVE_L

Select STATION_08 from the Tool list. Click OK. Click the Holder tab. Clear the Use Turn Holder check box. Click OK. Click OK to complete the tool.

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Create the ID grooving operation

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Create the ID grooving operation


Click Create Operation .

Click GROOVE_ID Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool ID_GROOVE_L

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. LATHE_GROOVE

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Specify non-cutting moves

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Specify non-cutting moves


These steps specify approach and departure motions that prevent the tool from colliding with the part.

Click Non-Cutting Moves Click the Approach tab.

Under Motion to Start Point, select RadialAxial from the Motion Type list, Motion Type Radial->Axial

Under Motion to Start of Engage, select RadialAxial from the Motion Type list, Motion Type Click the Departure tab. Under Motion to Return Point / Clearance Plane, select RadialAxial from the Motion Type list. Motion Type From the Point Option list, select Point. Point Option Point Radial->Axial Radial->Axial

Click a point at the approximate screen position illustrated below.

Click OK to accept the non-cutting moves.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the grooving operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID GROOVE_ID

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Finish bore the remaining inside diameter

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Finish bore the remaining inside diameter


You will create an operation that finish bores the inside diameter of the part.

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Create the ID finish boring operation

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Create the ID finish boring operation


Click Create Operation .

Click FINISH_BORE_ID Specify the following.

Program 1234 Tool ID_55_L

Geometry AVOIDANCE Method Click OK. LATHE_FINISH

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Define trim points

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Define trim points


These steps define two points that will constrain the cut region.

In the Geometry section of the dialog box, click Edit

next to Cut Regions.

In the Trim Point 1 section of the dialog box, select Specify from the Point Option list. Point Option Specify

Click Specify Point

Select the end of the horizontal line as illustrated below.

Click OK. In the Trim Point 2 section of the dialog box, select Specify from the Point Option list. Point Option Specify

Click Specify Point

Select the end of the vertical line as illustrated below.

Click OK. Click OK to complete the cut region.

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Specify non-cutting moves

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Specify non-cutting moves


These steps specify a motions that prevent the tool from colliding with the part.

Click Non-Cutting Moves

Select the Direct Engage to Trim Point check box. Direct Engage to Trim Point Click the Approach tab. Under Motion to Start of Engage, select RadialAxial from the Motion Type list, Motion Type Click the Departure tab. Under Motion to Return Point / Clearance Plane, select Clear AxialDirect from the Motion Type list. Motion Type Clear Axial->Direct Radial->Axial

Click OK to accept the Non-Cutting Moves dialog box.

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Generate the tool path

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Generate the tool path


Click Generate .

Click OK to complete the finishing operation. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID GROOVE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID_1 This concludes the programming session. After a quick review, you will be ready to create the output.

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Review

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Review
The programming session defined the sequence of turning operations that machine the part. 1. Creating the Program defined the sequence of operations that cut the part. 1234 FACING CENTERLINE_SPOTDRILL CENTERLINE_DRILLING ROUGH_TURN_OD GROOVE_OD FINISH_TURN_OD ROUGH_BORE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID GROOVE_ID FINISH_BORE_ID_1 2. Generating Tool Paths allowed you to see the tool path and material removal.

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