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2 Algorithm for unsteady state heat conduction equation: Start Divide the domain with number of control volumes Discretized general form of the governing equation Initialize T Write the discretized equation for all grid points Set Told = T Step forward in time, t = t + t Calculate source terms

NO

## Solve for T NO Convergence YES Is t tlast YES Stop

Problem 1: Grid Details: Number of grid points taking x = 0.02 m is 100 Middle length temperature reaches 100 C at 0.1776 hr a. Explicit Scheme:

Legends: *- Analytical solution and solid line- Numerical solution Figure: Temperature profile using explicit scheme b. Crank Nicolson scheme (Semi implicit scheme)

Although Crank Nicolson is unconditionally stable in mathematical sense, it may not guarantee realistic solution. To obtain realistic solution,

## Example of unrealistic solution obtained by Crank Nicolson Method

c. Implicit Scheme

## Problem 2: Grid Details: Grid sizes x = 0.01 m

Initial condition: At t = 0; T(x,0) = -1 C Boundary condition: a. At t > 0; T(x = 0, t) = -15 C and b. At t > 0; T(x = L, t) = 20 C Where L = total length of the composite slab

Time step: As the problem is solved using implicit scheme, hence the time step will not influence the result.

Figure: Temperature distribution in the slab using an implicit approach till steady-state is reached

## Problem 3: Grid Details: Grid sizes x and y = 0.01 m

T = T(x,y,t) Initial condition: At t = 0; T(x,0) = 100 C Boundary condition: A. B. C. D. At t > 0; T(0,y,t) = 100 C and At t > 0; T(L,y,t) = 100 C At t > 0; T(x,0,t) = 200 C and At t > 0; T(x,H,t) = 150 C Where L and H are the length and height of the plate

## a. 1 s and 0.01 m Temperature (C)

Number of time step Figure: Time step-Temperature curve [Number of time step will be replaced by (Number of time step t)] b. 0.5 s and 0.01 m Temperature (C)

Number of time step Figure: Time step-Temperature curve [Number of time step will be replaced by (Number of time step t)]

## c. 0.3 s and 0.01 m Temperature (C)

Number of time step Figure: Time step-Temperature curve [Number of time step will be replaced by (Number of time step t)] d. 1 s and 0.005 m Temperature (C)

Number of time step Figure: Time step-Temperature curve [Number of time step will be replaced by (Number of time step t)]

Comparison of temperature (C) at given grid points grid size 0.01 0.3 0.5 1 grid size 0.005 1 x = 0.15, y = 0.2 60.23 61.27 62.03 x = 0.1, y = 0.15 69.78 70.39 70.84 x = 0.2, y = 0.05 45.1 45.53 45.84

61.92

70.77

45.79