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Technical Data

## Insert Profile Styles............................................................................................................................................................................Page 124

Calculating the Helix Angle and Choosing the Right Anvil.....................................................................................Page 126

## Grades and Their Applications...................................................................................................................................................Page 128

Recommended Grades and Cutting Speeds - (not including Mini and Micro)..........................................Page 129

## Radial infeed per pass.....................................................................................................................................................................Page 132

Number of Passes and Depth of Cut per Pass for Multi+ Inserts.........................................................................Page 138

## Material Comparison Table..........................................................................................................................................................Page 144

Troubleshooting.................................................................................................................................................................................Page 148

122

Major Diameter

## A thread on the external

surface of a cylinder
screw or cone

## The largest diameter of a screw thread.

Pitch Diameter

Major
Pitch
Minor

The distance between crest and
root measured normal to the axis.

## On a straight thread, the diameter of an imaginary

cylinder, the surface of which cuts the thread
forms where the width of the thread and groove
are equal.
Angle
Helix
Angle

Pitch
Root

Minor Diameter

Technical Data

## The smallest diameter of a screw thread.

Crest

Pitch
The distance between corresponding
measured parallel to the axis. This
distance can be defined in millimeters
or by the tpi (threads per inch), which
is the reciprocal of the pitch.

Helix Angle
and the pitch diameter circle circumference form
a right angled triangle, the helix angle is the angle

Nominal Diameter

## A thread on the internal surface

of a cylinder or cone.

## The diameter from which the diameter

limits are derived by the application of
deviation allowances and tolerances.

## A thread formed on a cylinder

A thread formed on a cone

Left-hand

Right-hand

## A thread which, when viewed axially,

A thread which, when viewed axially,
winds in a counterclockwise and
winds in a counterclockwise and
are designated LH.
are designated LH.

## A thread which, when viewed axially,

A thread which, when viewed axially,
winds in a clockwise and receding
winds in a clockwise and receding
hand unless otherwise specified.
unless otherwise specified.

## The Helix Angle b

Helix Angle

px

Pitch Diameter

The distance a threaded part moves axially, with respect
to a fixed mating part, in one complete revolution.
The lead is equal to the pitch multiplied by the number

123

A thread in which the lead is an integral multiple, greater than one, of the pitch.

Technical Data

Pitch

Pitch

Pitch

Partial Profile

Full Profile

## The V partial profile insert cuts without topping

the outer diameter of the thread. The same
insert can be used for a range of different thread
pitches which have a common thread angle.

## The full profile insert will form a complete

thread profile including the crest. For every
thread pitch and standard, a separate insert
is required.

Semi Full

## The full profile for Fine Pitches will form a

The topping of the outer diameter is generated
by the second tooth.

## The Semi profile insert will form a complete

topping the outer diameter.
Mainly used for trapezoidal profiles.

124

## Right Hand External

Right Hand Internal
Left Hand External
Left Hand Internal

EX RH
EX LH
IN RH
IN LH
EX LH
EX RH
IN LH
IN RH

Rotation
Counterclockwise
Clockwise
Counterclockwise
Clockwise
Clockwise
Counterclockwise
Clockwise
Counterclockwise

Feed Direction
Towards chuck
From chuck
Towards chuck
From chuck
Towards chuck
From chuck
Towards chuck
From chuck

Helix Method
Regular
Reversed
Regular
Reversed
Regular
Reversed
Regular
Reversed

Drawing No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Technical Data

1-3

## Radial infeed is the simplest and quickest

method.
The feed is perpendicular to the turning axis,
and both flanks of the insert perform the
cutting operation.
Radial infeed is recommended in 3 cases:
When the pitch is smaller than 16 tpi
For material with short chips
For work with hardened material

## Flank infeed is recommended in the

following cases:
When the thread pitch is greater than 16
tpi., using the radial method, the effective
cutting edge length is too large, resulting
in chatter.
For TRAPEZ and ACME. The radial method
result in three cutting edges, making chip
flow very difficult.

## Use of the alternate flank method is

recommended especially in large pitches
and for materials with long chips.
This method divides the load equally on
both flanks, resulting in equal wear along
the cutting edges. Alternate flank infeed
requires more complicated programming,
and is not available on all lathes.

125

## Calculating the Helix Angle and Choosing

The Right Anvil
Flank Clearance Angle a (For External Inserts)
Vardex toolholders are designed
to tilt the insert when seated in
the toolholder (10 for external,
15 for internal tooling).
This results in the differing flank
60, UN,
ACME
BUTTRESS
INSERT
clearance angles, based on the
ISO
geometry of the insert. To ensure that the side of the insert cutting edge will not rub on
the workpiece, it is most important that the insert helix angle be correct - especially in
profiles with small enclosed flank angles. This correction is provided by Vardex anvils.
548' 236' 236'

710' 114'

10

## Where: a - Flank clearance angle

d - Tilt angle

- Enclosed flank angle

A-A

A
A

## The helix angle is calculated by the following formula:

D

= arctan

- Helix angle [ ]
P - Pitch [inch]
N - No. of starts
D - Pitch diameter [inch]

PxN
xD

The helix angle can also be found from the diagram below.

Anvil
angle

Feed towards
the tailstock
Reversed
helix angle

1.5
Standard toolholder
pocket angle

Anvil
angle

H1

## The dimension H1 (cutting edge height)

remains constant with every insert/ anvil
combination.

126

Pitch P*
[mm]
12

Pitch P*
[tpi]

=2

10
9

Special
Toolholders

2.5
3

3.5

7
5
4
3
2
1
Pitch diameter [inch]
6

0
2

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Special Toolholders

24
18
14
11
9
7
6
5
4.5
4
3.5

2.5

11
12

4
4.5
5
6
7
9
11
14
18
24
=0

9
10

=1
2.25

11

1.5
Standard toolholder
pocket angle

H1

Standard
helix angle

Feed towards
the chuck

Technical Data

548'

2.25

= -2

=-1

Insert Size
IC
L inch
3/8

0.63

3/8
V6

0.63

1/2

0.87

1/2U

0.87

5/8

1.06

5/8U

1.06

3/8M

0.63

1/2M

0.87

5/8M

1.06

1/2Z

0.87

5/8Z

1.06

1/2T

0.87

ER / IL
EL / IR
ER
IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL
EL / IR
ER / IL EL / IR

Standard Anvil

ER/IL

4.5

3.5

2.5

1.5
0.5
Ordering Code

YE3-3P
YI3-3P
YE3-6C-3P
YI3-6C-3P
YE4-3P
YI4-3P
YE4U-3P
YI4U-3P
YE5-3P
YI5-3P
YE5U-3P
YI5U-3P

YE3-2P
YI3-2P
YE3-6C-2P
YI3-6C-2P
YE4-2P
YI4-2P
YE4U-2P
YI4U-2P
YE5-2P
YI5-2P
YE5U-2P
YI5U-2P

YE3-1P
YI3-1P
YE3-6C-1P
YI3-6C-1P
YE4-1P
YI4-1P
YE4U-1P
YI4U-1P
YE5-1P
YI5-1P
YE5U-1P
YI5U-1P
YE3M-1P
YI3M-1P
YE4M-1P
YI4M-1P

Holder

YE4Z-1P
YI4Z-1P

ER

YE3-1N
YI3-1N
YE3-6C-1N
YI3-6C-1N
YE4-1N
YI4-1N
YE4U-1N
YI4U-1N
YE5-1N
YI5-1N
YE5U-1N
YI5U-1N
YE3M-1N
YI3M-1N
YE4M-1N
YI4M-1N
YE5M-1N
YI5M-1N
YE4Z-1N
YI4Z-1N

-0.5

-1.5

YE3-1.5N
YI3-1.5N
YE3-6C-1.5N
YI3-6C-1.5N
YE4-1.5N
YI4-1.5N
YE4U-1.5N
YI4U-1.5N
YE5-1.5N
YI5-1.5N
YE5U-1.5N
YI5U-1.5N
YE3M-1.5N
YI3M-1.5N
YE4M-1.5N
YI4M-1.5N
YE5M-1.5N
YI5M-1.5N

YE3-2N
YI3-2N
YE3-6C-2N
YI3-6C-2N
YE4-2N
YI4-2N
YE4U-2N
YI4U-2N
YE5-2N
YI5-2N
YE5U-2N
YI5U-2N
YE3M-2N

YE3-3N
YI3-3N
YE3-6C-3N
YI3-6C-3N
YE4-3N
YI4-3N
YE4U-3N
YI4U-3N
YE5-3N
YI5-3N
YE5U-3N
YI5U-3N

YE4M-2N

Y4T

Anvil

EL/IR

YE3
YI3
YE3-6C
YI3-6C
YE4
YI4
YE4U
YI4U
YE5
YI5
YE5U
YI5U
YE3M
YI3M
YE4M
YI4M
YE5M
YI5M
YE4Z
YI4Z
YE5Z
YI5Z

U Style Anvil

IR

ER/IL

EL/IR

M Style Anvil

ER/IL

EL/IR

Z Style Anvil

ER/IL

EL/IR

T Style Anvil

ER/IL

## V6 is indicated on the backside

Anvil Kits
Anvil Size
IC

Ordering Code

Included Anvils:

L inch

3/8

0.63

ABY3

3/8
V6

0.63

ABY3-6C

1/2

0.87

ABY4

1/2U

0.87

ABY4U

5/8

1.06

5/8U

1.06

ABYE5
ABYI5
ABYE5U
ABYI5U

EL/IR
Same anvil turned over

## YE3-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N

YI3-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YE3-6C-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YI3-6C-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YE4-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YI4-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YE4U-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YI4U-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YE5-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YI5-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YE5U-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N
YI5U-2P, 1P, 1N, 2N, 3N

Important!
Use a V6 anvil when using a V6 insert.

For External RH
use YE3-6C anvil.

For Internal RH
use Yl3-6C anvil.

To ensure that you always have on hand an assortment of anvils for any job,
we recommend that anvil kits be readily available.

127

Technical Data

Anvils

General Use

Technical Data

VKX

excellent in steels and stainless steels,
recommended for rigid cutting
conditions, ground or sintered chipbreaker
styles. TiN coated.

Stainless Steel
VM7

stainless steel. Multi-layer PVD coated.

VTX

## General purpose grade with tough

submicron substrate. Provides good
fracture toughness in non-rigid cutting
conditions. TiAlN coated.

## Vardex sintered chipbreaker with ground

profile for machining materials with long
chips. TiAlN coated.

## Non Ferrous, High Temperature Alloys and Titanium

VK2

aluminium, high temperature and
titanium alloys.

VK2P

## Highly-polished version of the VK2

uncoated grade for high quality surface
finish in aluminium.

Micro

Mini IC 4.0

VMX

VHX

VTX

## General purpose carbide grade for Micro

double-ended inserts.
TiN coated.

## HSS grade for Mini "L" and Mini 6.0

inserts; for low cutting speeds,
TiN coated.

VKP

## General purpose carbide grade for Mini

"L" and Mini 6.0 inserts, TiN coated.

128

VCB

## Carbide grade for Mini 4.0.

For machining stainless steel and
general use. TiAlN coated.

VBX

## Carbide grade for Mini 4.0.

For machining steel and general use.
TiCN coated.

1
2
3
4
5
6
Steel
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Stainless
15
Steel
16
17
18
28
29
30
31
Cast Iron
32
33
34
35
36
37
Non-Ferrous
38
Metals
39
40
19
20
21
Heat Resistant 22
Material
23
24

M
K

N(K)
S(M)

H(K)

Hardened
Material

Hardness
Brinell
HB

Material
Unalloyed steel

## Low alloy steel

(alloying elements5%)
High alloy steel
(alloying elements>5%)
Cast steel
Stainless steel
Feritic
Stainless steel
Austenitic
Stainless steel
Cast feritic
Stainless steel
Cast austenitic
Malleable
Cast iron
Grey Cast iron
Nodular SG iron
Aluminium alloys
Wrought
Aluminium alloys
Aluminium alloys
Copper and
copper alloys
High temperature
alloys

Titanium alloys

## Low carbon (C=0.1-0.25%)

Medium carbon (C=0.25-0.55%)
High carbon (C=0.55-0.85%)
Non hardened
Hardened
Hardened
Annealed
Hardened
Low alloy (alloying elements <5%)
High alloy (alloying elements >5%)
Non hardened
Hardened
Austenitic
Super Austenitic
Non hardened
Hardened
Austenitic
Hardened
Ferritic (short chips)
Pearlitic (long chips)
Low tensile strength
High tensile strength
Feritic
Pearlitic
Non aging
Aged
Cast
Cast & aged
Cast Si 13-22%
Brass
Annealed (Iron based)
Aged (Iron based)
Annealed (Nickel or Cobalt based)
Aged (Nickel or Cobalt based)
Pure 99.5 Ti
a+b alloys

25
Extra hard steel

125
150
170
180
275
350
200
325
200
225
200
330
180
200
200
330
200
330
130
230
180
260
160
260
60
100
75
90
130
90
100
200
280
250
350
400Rm
1050Rm

Vc [ft/min]
Coated
VKX

VCB

377-623
328-574
295-541
328-590
246-459
229-443
262-393
164-328
229-426
197-393
229-426
197-377
295-459
131-361
295-393
213-361
279-361
197-328
197-229
197-475
229-426
197-377
410-524
295-393
328-1196
262-721
656-1312
656-918
197-590
262-738
262-836
148-197
98-164
66-98
49-82
459-557
164-229

377-623
328-541
295-508
328-590
246-459
229-443
262-393
164-328
229-426
197-393
229-426
164-311
262-393
98-328
295-393
213-361
279-361
197-328
229-393
229-393
229-426
197-328
410-524
295-393
328-819
262-590
656-1312
656-918
197-492
262-688
262-688
148-197
98-164
66-98
49-82
459-557
164-229

VM7

229-492
197-410
295-524
131-393
295-492
213-393
279-393
197-361

Uncoated
VTX

VK2 / VK2P

377-623
328-574
295-541
328-590
246-459
229-443
262-393
164-328
229-426
197-393
229-426
197-377
295-459
131-361
295-393
213-361
279-361
197-328
197-229
197-475
229-426
197-377
410-524
295-393
328-1196
262-721
656-1312
656-918
197-590
262-738
262-836
148-197
98164
66-98
49-82
459-557
164-229

328-819
262-524
262-393
229-328
164-393
229-557
229-557
98-164
82-131
66-98
49-82
197-328
131-197

45-50HRc 148-197

148-197

148-197

51-55HRc

131-164

131-164

Technical Data

Material Group

Vardex No.

## Recommended Grades and Cutting Speeds Vc [ft/min]

not Including MiniPro Line

## Hardened & tempered

26

131-164

Calculation of N [RPM]
N=

12 x V c
x D

V c = N x x D
12

## N - Revolution Per Minute [RPM]

Vc - Cutting Speed [ft/min]
D - Workpiece Diameter [inch]

D
Vc

129

Technical Data

Material
Group

Vardex No.

## Recommended Grades and Cutting Speeds

Vc [ft/min] Mini, Micro

1
2
3
4
5
6
Steel
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Stainless
15
Steel
16
17
18
28
29
30
31
Cast Iron
32
33
34
35
36
37
Non-Ferrous
38
Metals
39
40
19
20
21
Heat Resistant 22
Material
23
24

M
K

N(K)
S(M)

H(K)

Hardened
Material

130

Vc [ft/min]

Material
Low carbon (C=0.1-0.25%)
Medium carbon (C=0.25-0.55%)
High Carbon (C=0.55-0.85%)
Non hardened
Low alloy steel
Hardened
(alloying elements5%)
Hardened
Annealed
High alloy steel
(alloying elements>5%) Hardened
Low alloy (alloying elements <5%)
Cast steel
High alloy (alloying elements >5%)
Non hardened
Stainless steel
Feritic
Hardened
Austenitic
Stainless steel
Austenitic
Super Austenitic
Non hardened
Stainless steel
Cast Feritic
Hardened
Austenitic
Stainless steel
Cast austenitic
Hardened
Ferritic (short chips)
Malleable
Cast iron
Pearlitic (long chips)
Low tensile strength
Grey cast iron
High tensile strength
Feritic
Nodular SG iron
Pearlitic
Non aging
Aluminium alloys
Wrought
Aged
Cast
Aluminium alloys
Cast & aged
Aluminium alloys
Cast Si 13-22%
Brass
Copper and
copper alloys
Annealed (Iron based )
Aged (Iron based)
High temperature
alloys
Annealed (Nickel or Cobalt based)
Aged (Nickel or Cobalt based)
Pure 99.5 Ti
Titanium alloys
+ alloys
Unalloyed steel

25
Extra hard steel
26

Coated

Hardness
Brinell
HB

VMX
(Micro)

VKP
(Mini)

VTX
(Mini)

VHX
(Mini)

125
150
170
180
275
350
200
325
200
225
200
330
180
200
200
330
200
330
130
230
180
260
160
260
60
100
75
90
130
90
100
200
280
250
350
400Rm
1050Rm

164-393
131-328
98-262
164-229
131-197
98-164
98-164
82-131
98-164
82-131
197-328
131-197
164-295
131-197
131-197
98-164
131-197
98-164
164-229
164-229
164-229
131-197
164-229
197-262
328-983
328-492
328-492
197-328
328-492
197-328
197-328
82-148
66-98
49-66
33-49
197-328
131-164

459-656
393-590
361-590
328-508
295-475
262-443
213-377
164-328
98-164
82-131
262-393
180-311
197-328
164-295
197-262
148-213
164-229
131-197
197-262
197-262
197-262
131-229
197-262
229-295
262-787
328-557
328-492
197-328
328-492
262-656
262-656
82-148
66-98
49-66
33-49
197-328
131-164

492-656
426-590
393-590
361-508
328-475
295-443
229-377
197-328
98-164
98-131
295-393
197-311
229-328
197-295
229-262
164-213
197-229
131-197
229-262
229-262
229-262
131-229
229-262
262-295
295-787
361-557
361-492
229-328
361-492
295-656
295-656
98-148
66-98
49-66
49-66
229-328
131-164

66-164
49-131
49-98
66-148
33-82
33-82

45-50HRc

66-131

66-131

66-131

51-55HRc

66-131

66-131

66-131

82-131
82- 131

98-197
82-164
82-164
66-131
49-98
49-115
49-115

Number of Passes
Pitch

mm

0.50

0.75

1.00

1.25

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

4.00

4.50

5.00

5.50

6.00

8.00

tpi

48

32

24

20

16

14

12

10

5.5

4.5

No. of passes

4-6

4-7

4-8

5-9

6-10

7-12

7-12

8-14

9-16

3-4

3-4

3-5

4-6

5-6

6-8

6-8

8-10

9-12

10-14

No. of passes
(Micro & Mini)

6-9

6-11

6-12

8-14

9-15

11-18 11-18

Technical Data

Material Type
D

## Material Dimension: Diameter and Length

Workpiece
Chipflow Character
Material Hardness

HRc

HB

External or Internal

Application

Profile Shape
Surface Finish
Machine Stability

Machine

Max. RPM

RPM

## Clamping System Stability

Coolant

Coolant Type
Holder Cross Section Area
Holder Overhang
Overhang

Holders
Through Coolant Option
Shank Type: Carbide, Alloy, Carbide Implant

P M K N S H

## Profile Shape: Pitch and Depth

Insert

Chipbreaker Style
131

UN External

Technical Data

Number Pitch/
of passes tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

32
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.002

Lower
28
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002

24
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.004
0.002

20
0.008
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

18
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

16
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

14
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

13
0.009
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

24
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

20
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

18
0.009
0.007
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

16
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

14
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

13
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

UN Internal
Number Pitch/
of passes tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

132

Lower
32
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.002

28
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002

Cutting Speed
12
11
10
0.010 0.011 0.011
0.010 0.009 0.010
0.007 0.007 0.007
0.006 0.006 0.006
0.006 0.006 0.006
0.005 0.005 0.005
0.005 0.005 0.005
0.002 0.004 0.005
0.002 0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
12
11
10
0.010 0.010 0.011
0.009 0.009 0.010
0.007 0.007 0.007
0.006 0.006 0.006
0.005 0.006 0.005
0.004 0.005 0.005
0.004 0.005 0.004
0.002 0.004 0.004
0.004 0.004
0.002 0.002

9
0.011
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004

8
0.012
0.011
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005

7
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005

6
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

5
0.017
0.015
0.012
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.002

4.5
0.017
0.016
0.014
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

Higher
4
0.018
0.017
0.014
0.013
0.012
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

9
0.011
0.010
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

8
0.012
0.011
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

7
0.013
0.013
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

6
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

5
0.017
0.015
0.012
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

4.5
0.017
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

Higher
4
0.018
0.017
0.015
0.012
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

ISO External

Number
Lower
of passes Pitch/mm 0.5
1
0.004
2
0.003
3
0.003
4
0.002
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

0.75
0.006
0.006
0.004
0.002

1
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

1.25
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002

1.5
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.002

1.75
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

0.75
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

1
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002

1.25
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

1.5
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

1.75
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002

ISO Internal
Number
of passes Pitch/mm
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Lower
0.5
0.004
0.003
0.003
0.002

Cutting Speed
2
2.5
3
0.009 0.010
0.011
0.009 0.009 0.010
0.007 0.007 0.008
0.006 0.007 0.007
0.006 0.006 0.006
0.005 0.005 0.006
0.004 0.005 0.005
0.002 0.004 0.005
0.004 0.005
0.002 0.004
0.004
0.002

3.5
0.013
0.012
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

4
0.013
0.012
0.009
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

4.5
0.015
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

5
0.016
0.015
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

5.5
0.017
0.016
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.002

Higher
6
0.018
0.017
0.014
0.012
0.011
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

Cutting Speed
2
2.5
3
0.010
0.011
0.011
0.009 0.010 0.010
0.007 0.007 0.008
0.006 0.006 0.006
0.004 0.005 0.006
0.004 0.005 0.005
0.004 0.004 0.005
0.002 0.004 0.004
0.004 0.004
0.002 0.004
0.003
0.002

3.5
0.013
0.012
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

4
0.013
0.012
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

4.5
0.014
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

5
0.017
0.015
0.012
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

5.5
0.017
0.015
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005

Higher
6
0.018
0.017
0.014
0.011
0.000
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005

133

Technical Data

Technical Data

## UNJ External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Lower
32
0.006
0.006
0.004
0.002

28
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

24
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.004
0.002

20
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

## NPT External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

134

Lower
27
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

18
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
18
16
0.008
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
14
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

14
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

12
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

11.5
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

10
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

Higher
8
0.011
0.011
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

Higher
8
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Lower
27
0.006
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.003
0.002

18
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

## ACME External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Lower
16
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.002

14
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

12
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
14
0.009
0.009
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
10
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

8
0.011
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

Higher
8
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004

11.5
0.009
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.004

6
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

5
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

Technical Data

Higher
4
0.015
0.014
0.012
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006

135

Technical Data

## STUB ACME External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Lower
16
0.007
0.005
0.004
0.002

14
0.009
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

12
0.009
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
10
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

## W External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

136

Lower
28
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002

26
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

20
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

19
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

18
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

16
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
0.004
0.002

14
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.043
0.002

12
0.010
0.010
0.008
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

8
0.010
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
11
10
0.010 0.011
0.009 0.010
0.008 0.008
0.007 0.007
0.006 0.006
0.006 0.006
0.005 0.005
0.005 0.005
0.002 0.005
0.002

6
0.012
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

9
0.011
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.002

8
0.012
0.011
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.002

5
0.013
0.010
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

7
0.013
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.002

6
0.014
0.013
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

5
0.017
0.016
0.014
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.002

Higher
4
0.014
0.011
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

4.5
0.017
0.016
0.014
0.012
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.005

Higher
4
0.018
0.017
0.014
0.013
0.012
0.011
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Lower
28
0.007
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
19
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

## TRAPEZ External & Internal

Number
of passes Pitch/tpi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Lower
16
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.002

1.5
0.009
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

2
0.009
0.008
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.002

Cutting Speed
3
0.010
0.009
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

Higher
11
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

14
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.004
0.002

4
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

5
0.014
0.013
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.005
0.002

6
0.015
0.014
0.012
0.011
0.010
0.010
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.002

Technical Data

Higher
7
0.016
0.014
0.013
0.012
0.011
0.011
0.011
0.010
0.009
0.009
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.007
0.007
0.002

137

## Number of Passes and Depth of Cut

per Pass for Multi+ Inserts
Standard

Insert Type

Insert Size
IC
L inch

ISO External
3/8"

Technical Data

M+

T+

1/2"

0.63

0.87

5/8"

1.06

1/2"T

0.87

3/8"

0.63

1/2"

0.87

5/8"

1.06

1/2"

0.87

3/8"

0.63

1/2"

0.87

5/8"

1.06

3/8"

0.63

1/2"

0.87

5/8"

1.06

3/8"

0.63

1/2"

0.87

ISO Internal

M+

T+

UN External

M+

UN Internal

M+

BSW External
M+

138

Pitch
1.0
1.5
2.0
1.5
2.0
2.0
2.5
3.0
1.5
2.0
1.0
1.5
2.0
1.5
2.0
2.0
3.0
1.5
2.0
20
18
18
16
14
12
16
14
12
12
11
10
8
12
14
16
16
14
12
12
8
28
19
19
14
14
11

Teeth
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi

3
2
2
3
2
3
2
2
8
8
3
2
2
3
2
3
2
8
8
3
2
3
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
2
2
2
3
2
3
2

Ordering Code
RH
3ER1.0ISO3M+
3ER1.5ISO2M+
3ER2.0ISO2M+
4ER1.5ISO3M+
4ER2.0ISO2M+
4ER2.0ISO3M+
4ER2.5ISO2M+
5ER3.0ISO2M+
4ER1.5ISO8T+
4ER2.0ISO8T+
3IR1.0ISO3M+
3IR1.5ISO2M+
3IR2.0ISO2M+
4IR1.5ISO3M+
4IR2.0ISO2M+
4IR2.0ISO3M+
5IR3.0ISO2M+
4IR1.5ISO8T+
4IR2.0ISO8T+
3ER20UN3M+
3ER18UN2M+
3ER18UN3M+
3ER16UN2M+
3ER14UN2M+
3ER12UN2M+
4ER16UN3M+
4ER14UN2M+
4ER12UN2M+
4ER12UN3M+
4ER11UN2M+
4ER10UN2M+
5ER8UN2M+
3IR12UN2M+
3IR14UN2M+
3IR16UN2M+
4IR16UN3M+
4IR14UN2M+
4IR12UN2M+
4IR12UN3M+
5IR8UN2M+
3ER28W2M+
3ER19W2M+
3ER19W3M+
3ER14W2M+
4ER14W3M+
4ER11W2M+

Passes
2
3
3
2
3
2
4
4
1
1
2
3
3
2
3
2
4
1
1
2
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
4
4
4
3
3
3
2
3
3
2
4
3
3
2
3
2
4

## Depth of cut per pass

1
2
3
4
0.013 0.012
0.013 0.012 0.011
0.018 0.016 0.015
0.019 0.018
0.018 0.016 0.015
0.025 0.023
0.018 0.017 0.015 0.014
0.021 0.019 0.018 0.015
0.037
0.048
0.012 0.011
0.012 0.011 0.011
0.017 0.015 0.014
0.018 0.016
0.017 0.015 0.014
0.023 0.022
0.019 0.018 0.017 0.015
0.034
0.045
0.016 0.015
0.013 0.011 0.011
0.018 0.017
0.014 0.013 0.012
0.017 0.015 0.015
0.019 0.017 0.016
0.020 0.019
0.017 0.015 0.015
0.019 0.017 0.016
0.026 0.025
0.017 0.015 0.014 0.013
0.018 0.017 0.016 0.014
0.022
0.02
0.019 0.016
0.018 0.015 0.015
0.016 0.014 0.013
0.013 0.012 0.011
0.019 0.017
0.016 0.014 0.013
0.018 0.015 0.015
0.025 0.023
0.020 0.019 0.017 0.015
0.009 0.008 0.008
0.013 0.011 0.011
0.018 0.016
0.017 0.015 0.014
0.024 0.022
0.017 0.015 0.014 0.012

Standard
BSW Internal

Insert Type
M+

NPT External
M+

5/8"

1.06

1/2"

0.87

3/8"
1/2"

0.63
0.87

5/8"

1.06

Z+

1/2"

0.87

M+
M+
M+
T+
M+
T+

3/8"
3/8"
5/8"
1/2"
5/8"
1/2"

0.63
0.63
1.06
0.87
1.06
0.87

M+

5/8"

1.06

T+

1/2"

0.87

1/2"

0.87

5/8"

1.06

Z+

1/2"

0.87

T+

1/2"

0.87

Z+

NPT Internal
M+

NPTF External
NPTF Internal
API BUT External
API BUT Internal

Insert Size
IC
L inch
3/8"
0.63
1/2"
0.87
3/8"
0.63
1/2"
0.87

API RD External

API RD Internal
M+

M+ Style insert

Pitch
14
11
14
11.5
11.5
8
11.5
8
14
11.5
11.5
8
11.5
8
14
14
5
5
5
5
10
8
10
8
8
10
8
10
8
8
10
8
8

tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi
tpi

Teeth
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
3
2
6
3
5
2
2
3
2
2
6
3
5

Ordering Code
RH
3IR14W2M+
4IR11W2M+
3ER14NPT2M+
4ER11.5NPT2M+
5ER11.5NPT3M+
5ER8NPT2M+
4ER11.5NPT2Z+
4ER8NPT2Z+
3IR14NPT2M+
4IR11.5NPT2M+
5IR11.5NPT3M+
5IR8NPT2M+
4IR11.5NPT2Z+
4IR8NPT2Z+
3ER14NPTF2M+
3IR14NPTF2M+
5ER5BUT752M+
4ER5BUT753T+
5IR5BUT752M+
4IR5BUT753T+
5ER10APIRD3M+
5ER8APIRD2M+
4ER10APIRD6T+
4ER8APIRD3T+
4ER8APIRD5T+
4IR10APIRD2M+
4IR8APIRD2M+
5IR10APIRD3M+
5IR8APIRD2M+
4IR8APIRD2Z+
4IR10APIRD6T+
4IR8APIRD3T+
4IR8APIRD5T+

T+ Style insert

Passes
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
4
4
3
3
4
3
4
3
2
3
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
2

## Depth of cut per pass

1
2
3
4
0.017 0.015 0.014
0.017 0.015 0.014 0.012
0.020 0.018 0.017
0.018 0.017
0.017 0.016
0.019 0.017
0.017 0.015
0.028 0.025 0.024 0.021
0.018 0.017
0.017 0.016
0.028 0.025 0.024 0.021
0.020 0.018 0.017
0.018 0.017
0.017 0.016
0.019 0.017
0.017 0.015
0.028 0.025 0.024 0.021
0.018 0.017
0.017 0.016
0.028 0.025 0.024 0.021
0.020 0.017
0.017
0.020 0.017
0.017
0.018 0.016 0.015 0.013
0.022
0.02
0.020
0.018 0.016 0.015 0.013
0.022 0.020 0.020
0.029 0.027
0.026 0.024 0.023
0.028 0.028
0.037 0.035
0.037 0.035
0.020 0.018 0.018
0.026 0.024 0.023
0.019 0.019 0.019
0.026 0.024 0.023
0.026 0.024 0.023
0.028 0.028
0.037 0.035
0.037 0.035

Z+ Style insert

139

Technical Data

## Number of Passes and Depth of Cut

per Pass for Multi+ Inserts

M40 x 2.5

## Step by Step Thread Turning - Example 1

1 x 10UN
Material: 4140 (25 HRc)

Technical Data

Application:

## Feed direction towards the chuck was chosen.

Therefore, an external right hand insert and an external right hand holder will be used.

Y

Insert Size

L
IC

Pitch

Ordering Code

Anvil

IC

L inch

tpi

RH

RH

3/8

0.63

10

3ER10UN...

YE3

Toolholder

AL..-3(LH)

## Choose the Toolholder

Chosen toolholder: AL 100-3
H1

B
L2
L1

Pitch P*
[mm]
12
11
10

Ordering Code

IC

RH

H=H1=B

L1

L2

3/8

AL 100-3

1.00

1.00

6.05

1.20

Pitch P*
[tpi]

=2

Insert Size

Special
Toolholders

2.5
3

3.5

4
4.5
5
6
7
9
11
14
18
24

6
5
4
3
2
1

140

=1
2.25

Dimensions inch

8
Pitch diameter [inch]

D =0

## From the table, using a pitch of 10 tpi

and a workpiece diameter of 1 ",
we find the helix angle to be 1.5.

## y Choose the Correct Anvil

Anvil chosen: YE3

## Resultant Helix Angle

Insert Size
IC
3/8

Ordering Code
L inch
0.63

3.5
Ordering Code

2.5

1.5

0.5

Holder
ER/IL

YE3-2P

YE3-1P

YE3

YE3-1N

Cutting Speed: 420 ft/min

Non hardened
Hardened
Hardened

## Low alloy steel

(alloying elements 5%)

Hardness
Brinell HB

Material:

180
275
350

VTX

VCB

279-476 328-590
246-459
246-459
230-443
230-443

## Determine the Number of Passess

Numbers of passes: 10

UN External
Pitch

mm

1.50

1.75

2.00

2.50

3.00

3.50

4.00

tpi

16

14

12

10

6-10

7-12

7-12

8-14

9-16

10-18

11-18

No. of passes

Summary

u
v
w
x
y
U
V

Feed Direction:

## Towards the chuck

3ER10UN VTX

Toolholder:

AL 100 - 3

Helix Angle:

1.5

Anvil:

YE3

Cutting Speed:

420 ft/min

Number of Passes:

10

141

Technical Data

Application:
5-6ACME-3G

ACME
Pitch:

6 tpi

Bore dia: 5

Technical Data

## To facilitate the removal of chips from the machined

area, we chose a feed direction away from the chuck.
Therefore, an internal left hand insert and an internal left
hand toolholder are to be used.

Y

Insert Size
IC
L inch
1/2
0.87

L
IC

Pitch
tpi
6

Ordering Code
LH
4IL6ACME...

Anvil
LH
YE4

Toolholder
AVR..-4(LH)

D1

F
L1

L
D
A

L
12.00

Dimensions inch
L1
D
D1
2.50 1.50 1.50

F
0.98

2

1
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

D =0

Special
Toolholders

2.5

11
12

8

24
18
14
11
9
7
6
5
4.5
4
3.5

142

## Chosen toolholder: AVR 150-4LH

Insert Size Ordering Code
IC
LH
A
1/2
AVR 150-4 LH 1.34

2.25
Pitch [tpi]

= -2

=-1

## In this case, a right hand thread is being turned

with a left hand toolholder. The reverse helix
method is used. From the lower part of the table,
using a pitch of 6 tpi and a bore diameter of 5",
we obtain a helix angle of -0.65.

Min Bore
inch
1.75

## Choose the Correct Anvil

Anvil chosen: YE4-2N

Insert Size
IC
1/2

1.5

0.5

-0.5

-1.5

YE4

YE4-1N

YE4-1.5N

YE4-2N

YE4-3N

Ordering Code
L inch
0.87

ER/IL

## U Choose the carbide grade and cutting speed

Cutting speed: 420 ft/min

Material:
Stainless steel
Austenitic

Hardness
Brinell HB

VTX

VCB

180
200

295-459

266-394
98-328

Austenitic
Super austenitic

131-361

## Determine The Number Of Passess

Numbers of passes: 18

Pitch

mm

3.00

3.50

4.00

4.50

5.00

5.50

6.00

tpi

5.5

4.5

12-20

12-20

12-20

No. of passes

9-16

Summary

u
v
w
x
y
U
V

Feed Direction:

## Away from the chuck

4IL6ACME VTX

Toolholder:

AVR 150-4LH

Helix Angle:

-0.65

Anvil:

YE4-2N

Cutting Speed:

420 ft/min

Number of Passes:

18

143

Technical Data

Technical Data

Material
Group

P
Steel

144

Vardex
No.
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
8
9
8
8
8
4
8
8
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
8
8
5
5
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

USA
AISI/SAE

1015
1020
ASTM A570Gr.50

1015
1020
1035
1045
1055
1060
1213
12L13

1140
1215
12L14
9255
9262
1015
1039
1025
1335
1330
1035
1045
1055
1050
1060
1095

52100
ASTM A20Gr.A
4520
ASTMA350LF5
ASTM A353
2515
3135
3415
3415; 3310
9840
8620
8740
4340

5015
5132
5140
5140
5115
5155
4130
4137; 4135
4140; 4142
4140

## ASTM A182; F22

6150

W.110
W.112
L3
D3

H11
H13

A2

D2

S1
H21

L6

W210

T4
M2
M7
T1

Germany
W.-Nr.

1.0037
1.0044
1.0050
1.0070
1.0401
1.0402
1.0501
1.0503
1.0535
1.0601
1.0715
1.0718
1.0722
1.0726
1.0736
1.0737
1.0904
1.0961
1.1141
1.1157
1.1158
1.1167
1.1170
1.1183
1.1191
1.1203
1.1213
1.1221
1.1274
1.3401
1.3505
1.5415
1.5423
1.5622
1.5662
1.5680
1.5710
1.5732
1.5752
1.6511
1.6523
1.6546
1.6582
1.6587
1.6657
1.7015
1.7033
1.7035
1.7045
1.7131
1.7176
1.7218
1.7220
1.7223
1.7225
1.7262
1.7335
1.7361
1.7380
1.7715
1.8159
1.8509
1.8523
1.1545
1.1663
1.2067
1.2080

1.2311
1.2312
1.2343
1.2344

1.2363
1.2367
1.2379
1.2419
1.2436
1.2542
1.2581
1.2601
1.2713
1.2738
1.2833
1.3243
1.3255
1.3343
1.3348
1.3355

Germany
DIN

St37-2
St44-2
St50-2
St70-2
C15
C22
C35
C45
C55
C60
9SMn28
9SMnPb28
10SPb20
35S20
9SMn36
9SMnPb36
55Si7
60SiCr7
Ck15
40Mn4
Ck25
36Mn5
28Mn6
Cf35
Ck45
Ck55
Cf53
Ck60
Ck101
X120Mn12
100Cr6
15Mo3
16Mo5
14Ni6
X8Ni9
12Ni19
36NiCr6
14NiCr10
14NiCr14
36CrNiMo4
21NiCrMo2
40NiCrMo22
34CrNiMo6
17CrNiMo6
14NiCrMo134
15Cr3
34Cr4
41Cr4
42Cr4
16MnCr5
55Cr3
25CrMo4
34CrMo4
41CrMo4
42CrMo4
15CrMo5
13CrMo4 4
32CrMo12
10CrMo9 10
14MoV6 3
50CrV4
41CrAIMo7
39CrMoV13 9
C105W1
C125W
100Cr6
X210Cr12

40CrMnMo7
40CrMnMoS8-6
X38CrMoV5-1
X40CrMoV5-1

X100CrMoV5-1
X38CrMoV5-3
X155CrVMo 12-1
105WCr6
X210CrW12
45WCrV17
X30WCrV9 3
X165CrMoV12
55NiCrMoV6
40CrMnNiMo8-6-4
100V1
S 6-5-2-5
S 18-1-2-5
S 6-5-2
S 2-9-2
S 18-0-1

Great Britain
BS

Fe360B
Fe430B FN
Fe490-2 FN
Fe690-2 FN
080M15
050A20
060A35
080M46
070M55
080A62
230M07

212M36
240M07

250A53

080M15
150M36

150M28
060A35
080M46
070M55
060A52
080A62
060A96
Z120M12
534A99
1501-240
1503-245-420

1501-509; 510

640A35

655M13; 655M12
816M40
805M20
311-Type7
817M40
820A16
832M13
523M15
530A32
530M40

(527M20)
527A60
1717CDS110
708A37
708M40
708M40

1501-620Gr.27
722M24
1501-622; Gr.31; 45
1503-660-440
735A50
905M39
897M39

BL3
BD3

BH11
BH13

BA2

BD2

BS1
BH21

BW2

BT4
BM2

BT1

France
AFNOR

E24-2
E28-2
A50-2
A70-2
CC12
CC20
CC35
CC45

CC55
S250
S250Pb
10PbF2
35MF4
S300
S300Pb
55S7
60SC7
XC1 2
35M5

40M5
20M5
XC38TS
XC42
XC55
XC48TS
XC60

Z120M12
100C6
15D3

16N6

Z18N5
35NC6
14NC11
12NC15
40NCD3
20NCD2

35NCD6
18NCD6

12C3
32C4
42C4

16MC5
55C3
25CD4
35CD4
42CD4TS
42CD4
12CD4
15CD3.5; 15CD4.5
30CD12
12CD9; 10

50CV4

Y1105
Y2120
Y100C6
Z200Cr12

Z38CDV5
Z40CDV5

Z1 00CDV5
Z38CDV5-3
Z160CDV12
105WC13

Z30WCV9

55NCDV7

Y1105V; 100V2
Z85WDKCV-06-05-05-04-02
Z80WKCV-18-05-04-01
Z85WDCV-06-05-04-02
Z100WCWV-09-04-02-02
Z80WCV-18-04-01

Italy
UNI

Fe360 B FU
Fe430B FN
Fe490
Fe690
C15C16
C20C21
C35
C45
C55
C60
CF9SMn28
CF9SMnPb28
CF10SPb20

CF9SMn36
CF9SMnPb36
55Si8
60SiCr8
C16

C28Mn
C36
C45
C50
C53
C60

XG120Mn12
100Cr6
16Mo3KW
16Mo5
14Ni6
X10Ni9

16NiCr11

38NiCrMo4(KB)
20NiCrMo2
40NiCrMo2(KB)
35NiCrMo6(KB)

15NiCrMo13

34Cr4(KB)
41Cr4

16MnCr5

25CrMo4(KB)
35CrMo4
41CrMo4
42CrMo4

14CrMo4 5
32CrMo12
12CrMo9, 10

50CrV4
41CrAIMo7
36CrMoV12
C98KU; C100KU
C120KU

X210Cr13KU
X250Cr12KU
35CrMo8KU

X37CrMoV51 1KU
X35CrMoV05KU
X40CrMoV511KU
X100CrMoV51KU

X155CrVMo12 1 KU
10WCr6; 107WCr5KU
X215CrW121KU
45WCrV8KU
X30WCrV9 3KU
X165CrMoW12KU

HS 6-5-2-5
X78WCo1805KU
X82WMo0605KU
HS 2-9-2
X75W18KU

1311
1412
1550

1350
1450
1550
1650
1655

1912
1914

1957

1926
2085

1370

2120

1572
1672

1674
1678
1870

2258
2912

2506

2541

2245
2511

2225
2234
2244
2244
2216

2240
2218

2230
2940

1880

2242

2260

2310
2140
2312
2710

2310

2723

2722
2782

Japan
JIS

STKM 12A;C
SM400A;B;C
SS490

SUM22
SUM22L

S15C

S25C
SMn438(H)
SCM1
S35C
S45C
S55C
S50C
S58C
SUP4
SCMnH/1
SUJ2

SNC236
SNC415(H)
SNC81 5(H)

SNCM220(H)
SNCM240

SCr415(H)
SCr430(H)
SCr440(H)
SCr440

SUP9(A)
SCM420
SCM432; SCCRM3
SCM440
SCM440(H)
SCM415(H)

SUP10

SK2

SKD1

SKD6
SKD61

SKD12

SKD11
SKS31;SKS2,SKS3
SKD2

SKD5

SKT4

SKS43
SKH55
SKH3
SKH9

SKH2

Russia
GOST

St4ps;sp
St5ps;sp

20
30
45
55
60(G)

55S2

15
40G
25
35G2 ; 35GL
30G
35
45
55
50
60 ;60G ;60GA

110G13L
SchCh15

40ChN2MA ; 40ChGNM
20ChGNM
38ChGNM
38Ch2N2MA

15Ch
35Ch
40Ch
40Ch
18ChG
50ChGA
20ChM ; 30ChM
AS38ChGM;35ChM;35ChML
40ChFA

12ChM ; 15ChM

12Ch8

50ChGFA ; 50CHFA
38ChMJuA

U10A-1;2
U13
Ch
Ch12

4ChMFS
4ChMF1S

ChWG

5ChW2SF
3Ch2W8F

5ChNM

2723

(R6AM5) ; R6M5

R18

Spain
UNE

Fe360B
Fe430B FN
A490-2
A690-2
F.111
1 C 22 ; F.112
F. 113
F.114
F.115

F.2111-11SMn28
F.2112-11SMnPb28
F.2122-10SPb20
F.210.G
F.2113-12SMn35
F.2114-12SMnPb35
F.1440-56Si7
F.1442-60SiCr8
F.1110-C15k ; F.1511-C16k

F.1120-C25k
F.1203-36Mn6 ; F.8212-36Mn5
28Mn6

F.1140-C45k ; F.1142-C48k
F.1150-C55k

F.8251-AM-X120Mn12
F.1310-100Cr6
F.2601-16Mo3
F.2602-16Mo5
F.2641-15Ni6
F.2645-X8Ni09

F.1540-15NiCr11

F.1280-35NiCrMo4
F.1552-20NiCrMo2 ; F.1534-20NiMo31
F.1204-40NiCrMo2 ; F.1205-40NiCrMo2DF
F.1272-40NiCrMo7 ;34CrNiMo6
F.1560-14NiCrMo13
F.1560-14NiCrMo13 ;F.1569-14NiCrMo131

F.8221-35Cr4
F.1211-41Cr4DF ; F.1202-42Cr4
F.1202-42Cr4
F.1516-16MnCr5 ; F.1517-16MnCr5
F.1431-55Cr3
F.8372-AM26CrMo4;F.8330-AM25CrMo4;F.1256-30CrMo4-1
F.8331-AM34CrMo4;F.823134CrMo4;F.1250-35CrMo4;F.1254-35CrMo4DF
F.8332-AM42CrMo4;F.8232-42CrMo4;F.1252-40CrMo4
F.8332-AM42CrMo4;F.8232-42CrMo4;F.1252-40CrMo4
F.1551-12CrMo4
F.2631-14CrMo45
F.124.A
TU.H
F.2621-13MoCrV6
F.1430-51CrV4
F.1740-41CrAlMo7

F.516
F.5123 ; C120
F.5230 ; 100Cr6
F.5212 ; X210 Cr12

## F.5317 ; X37 CrMoV5

F.5318 ; X40CrMoC5

F.5227 ; X100CrMoV5

F.520A
F.5233 ; 105WCr5
F.5213 ; X210CrW12
F.5241 ; 45WCrSi8
F.5323 ; X30WCrV9
F.5211 ; X160CrMoV12
F.520S

R6M5K5
F.5530 ; 18-1-1-5
F.5603 ; 6-5-2
F.5607 ; 18-0-1
F.5520 ; 18-0-1

Vardex
No.
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
8
9
8
8
8
4
8
8
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
2
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
8
8
5
5
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10

Technical Data

Sweden
SS

145

## Material Comparison Table (con't)

Technical Data

Material
Group

Vardex
No.
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
11
12
11
13
13
13
13
Stainless
13
Steel
13
13
13
13
13
13
12
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
30
30
30
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
Cast Iron
31
31
31
31
31
31
28
29
29
29
29
36
36
36
Non-Ferrous
36
Metals
36
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
Heat
21
Resistant
21
21
Material
21
21
23
23
23
23

N(K)
S(M)

146

USA
AISI/SAE

403

410
430

431
430
434

HW3
405

HNV6
446
304
303
304L
CF8
301
304LN
316
316LN
316L
317L
329
321
347
316Ti

318
309
310S
330

EV8
321
No 20 B
No 25 B
No 30 B
No 35 B; No 40 B
No 45 B
No 50 B
No 55 B
ASTM
A436-72
Type 2
60-40-18

80-55-06

100-70-03

Type 2

32510
40010
50005
70003
80002

330

5390 A

5666
5537 C
4676

AMS 5399
5391
5660
5383

Germany
W.-Nr.

1.4000
1.4001
1.4006
1.4016
1.4027
1.4034
1.4057
1.4104
1.4113
1.4313
1.4408
1.4718
1.4724
1.4742
1.4747
1.4762
1.4301
1.4305
1.4306
1.4308
1.4310
1.4311
1.4401
1.4429
1.4435
1.4438
1.4460
1.4541
1.4550
1.4571
1.4581
1.4583
1.4828
1.4845
1.4864
1.4865
1.4871
1.4878
0.6010
0.6015
0.6020
0.6025
0.6030
0.6035
0.6040

0.7040
0.7043
0.7033
0.7050
0.7060
0.7070

0.8135
0.8145
0.8155
0.8165
0.8170

1.4864
1.4865
2.4603
2.4630
2.4856
LW2.496
2.4375
2.4631
2.4973
LW2.467
LW2.466
LW2.466

LW2.467

Germany
DIN

X6Cr13
X7Cr14
X10Cr13
X6Cr17
G-X20Cr14
X46Cr13
X20CrNi172
X12CrMoS17
X6CrMo171
X5CrNi134
G-X6CrNiMo18 10
X45CrSi93
X10CrAI13
X10CrAI18
X80CrNiSi20
X10CrAI24
X5CrNi18 10
X10CrNiS18 9
X2CrNi19 11
G-X6CrNi18 9
X12CrNi177
X2CrNiN18 10
X5CrNiMo17122
X2CrNiMoN17133
X2CrNiMo18143
X2CrNiMo17133
X8CrNiMo275
X6CrNiTi18 10
X6CrNiNb18 10
X6CrNiMoTi17122
G-X5CrNiMoNb18 10
X10CrNiMoNb18 12
X15CrNiSi20 12
X12CrNi25 21
X12NiCr36 16
G-X40NiCrSi38 18
X53CrMnNiN2 19
X12CrNiTi18 9
GG10
GG15
GG20
GG25
GG30
GG35
GG40
DIN4694
GGLNiCr20 2
GGG 40
GGG 40.3
GGG 35.3
GGG 50
GGG 60
GGG70
DIN 1694
GGG NiMn 13 7
GGG NiCr 20 2
GTS-35
GTS-45
GTS-55
GTS-65
GTS-70
G-AlSi12
GD-AlSi12
GD-AlSi8Cu3
G-AlSi10Mg
G-AlSi12
X12NiCrSi
G-X40NiCrSi

NiCr20Ti
NiCr22Mo9N
CoCr20W15
NiCu30Al
NiCr20TiAk
NiCr19Co11
S-NiCr13A16
NiCr19Fe19
NiCr19Fe19
CoCr22W14
NiCo15Cr10
TiAl14Mo4Sn4Si0.5
TiAl5Sn2.5
TiAl6V4
TiAl6V4ELI

Great Britain
BS
403S17

410S21
430S15
420C29
420S45
431S29

434S17
425C11
316C16
401S45
403S17
430S15
443S65

304S15
303S21
304S12;304C12
304C15
301S21
304S62
316S16

316S12
317S12

2337
347S17
320S17
318C17

309S24
310S24

330C11
349S54;321S12
321S320

3468: 1974
L-NiCr 20 2
SNG 420/12
SNG 370/17

SNG 500/7
SNG 600/3
SNG 700/2

L-NiMn 13 7
L-NC 20 2
B 340/12
P 440/7
P 510/4
P 570/3
P690/2
LM20

LM24
LM9
LM6

330C11

HR5, 203-4

3072-76
Hr40,601

3146-3
HR8

TA14/17
TA10-13/TA2
TA11

France
AFNOR

Z6C13

Z10C14
Z8C17
Z20C13M
Z40CM;Z38C13M
Z15CNi6.02
Z10CF17
Z8CD17.01
Z4CND13.4M

Z45CS 9
Z10C13
Z12CAS18
Z80CSN20.02
Z10CAS24
Z6CN18.09
Z10CNF 18.09
Z2CN18.10;Z3CN 19.10
Z6CN18.10M
Z12CN 17.07
Z2CN18.10
Z6CND17.11
Z2CND17.13
Z2CND17.13
Z2CND19.15

Z6CNT18.10
Z6CNNb18.10
Z6NDT1 7.12
Z4CNDNb18 12M
Z6CNDNb17 13B
Z15CNS20.12
Z12CN25 20
Z12NCS35.16

Z52CMN21.09
Z6CNT18.12B
Ft 10 D
Ft 15 D
Ft 20 D
Ft 25 D
R 30 D
Ft 35 D
Ft 40 D

A32-301
L-NC 20 2
FCS 400-12
FGS 370-17

FGS 500-7
FGS 600-3
FGS 700-2
L-NM 13 7
L-NC 20 2

MN 35-10

MP50-5
MP 60-3
MP 70-2

Z12NCS35.16

NC22FeD
NC20T
NC22FeDNB
KC20WN

NC20TA
NC19KDT
NC19FeNb
NC20K14
KC22WN

T-A5E
T-A6V

Italy
UNI

X6Cr13

X12Cr13
X8Cr17

X40Cr14
X16CrNi16
X10CrS17
X8CrMo17

X45CrSi8
X101CrA112
X8Cr17
X80CrSiNi20
X16Cr26
X5CrNi1810
X10CrNiS 18.09
X2CrNi18.11

X1 2CrNi1 707

X5CrNiMo17 12

X2CrNiMo17 13
X2CrNiMo18 16

X6CrNiTi18 11
X6CrNiNb18 11
X6CrNiMoTi17 12
XG8CrNiMo18 11
X6CrNiMoNb17 13

X6CrNi25 20

XG50NiCr39 19
X53CrMnNiN219
X6CrNiTi1811

GS 370-17

GS 500

GS 700-2

XG50NiCr

2301

2302
2320

2304
2321
2383
2325

2322
2332
2346
2352
2333
2331
2371
2347
2375
2353
2367
2324
58B
2338
2350

2361

01 10
01 15
01 20
01 25
01 30
01 35
01 40
MB
ISO-215
523
07 17-02
07 17-12
07 17-15
07 27-02
07 32-03
07 37-01
07 72
07 76

08 15
08 52
08 54
08 58
08 62
4260
4247
4250
4253
4261

Japan
JIS

SUS403

SUS410
SUS430
SCS2
SUS420J2
SUS431
SUS430F
SUS434
SCS5
SCS14
SUH1
SUS405
SUH21
SUH4
SUH446
SUS304
SUS303
SCS19; SUS304L
SCS13
SUS301
SUS304LN
SUS316
SUS316LN
SCS16
SUS317L
SUS329L;
SUS321
SUS347

SCS22

SUH309
SUH310
SUH330
SCH15
SUH35,SUH36;SU321

SUH 330
SCH 15

Russia
GOST

08Ch13
08Ch13
12Ch13 ; 15Ch13L
12Ch17
20Ch13L
40Ch13
20Ch17N2

07Ch18N10G2S2M2L
40Ch9S2
10Ch13SJu
15Ch18SJu

08Ch18N10

03Ch18N11
07Ch18N9L

03Ch17N14M3

06Ch18N10T; 08Ch18N10T09;
Ch18N10T; 12Ch18N10T
08Ch18N12B
10Ch17N13M2T

20Ch20N14S2
20Ch23N18

55Ch20G9AN4

C10
C15
C20
C25
C30
C35
C40

VC42-12
VC42-12

VC50-2
VC60-2
VC70-2

Spain
UNE

F.3110-X6Cr13 ; F.8401-AM-X12Cr13
F.3110-X6Cr13 ; F.8401-AM-X12Cr13
F.3401-X10Cr13
F.3113-X6Cr17

F.3405-X45Cr13
F.3427-X19CrNi172
F.3117-X10CrS17 ; F.3413-X14CrMoS17
F.3116-X6CrMo171

F.8414-AM-X7CrNiMo2010
F.3220-X4SCrSi09-03
F.3152-X10CrAl13
F.3153-X10CrAl18
F.3222-X80CrSiNi20-02
F.3154-X10CrAl24
F.3551-X5CrNi1811;F.3541-X5CrNi1810 ; F.3504-X6CrNi1910
F.3508-X10CrNiS18-09
F.3503-X2CrNi1810

F.3517-X12CrNi177
F.3541-X2CrNiN1810
F.3534-X5CrNiMo17122
F.3543-X2CrNiMoN17133
F.3533-X2CrNiMo17132
F.3539-X2CrNiMo18164
F.3309-X8CrNiMo27-05; F.3552-X8CrNiMo266
F.3523-X6CrNiTi1810
F.3524-X6CrNiNb1810
F.3535-X6CrNiMoTi17122

F.3312-X15CrNiSi20-12

F.3313-X12CrNiSi36-16

F.3217-X53CrMnNiN21-09

FG10
FG15
FG20
FG25
FG30
FG35

F.3313-X12CrNiSi36-16

Vardex
No.
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
11
12
11
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13

12

12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
13
13
30
30
30
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
31
28
29
29
29
29
36
36
36
36
36
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
21
21
21
21
21
23
23
23
23

N
S

147

Technical Data

Sweden
SS

Troubleshooting
Problem

Possible Cause

Solution

Cutting speed too high --------------------------- Reduce cutting speed/ use coated insert
Increased
flank wear

Depth of cut too low/ too many passes -------- Increase the depth of cut per pass

Technical Data

Uneven
cutting
edge wear

## Incorrect helix angle ------------------------------- Choose the correct anvil

Wrong infeed method ---------------------------- Use the alternating flank infeed method

Depth of cut too large ----------------------------- Decrease depth of cut/ increase number of passes
Extreme
plastic
deformation

## Insufficient cooling -------------------------------- Increase coolant flow rate

Cutting speed too high --------------------------- Reduce cutting speed
Unsuitable carbide grade ------------------------- Use a tougher carbide
Nose radius too small ------------------------------ Use an insert with a larger radius, if possible
Depth of cut too large ----------------------------- Decrease depth of cut/ increase number of passes

Cutting
edge
breakage

## Extreme plastic deformation --------------------- Use a tougher carbide

Insufficient cooling -------------------------------- Increase flow rate and/ or correct flow direction
Unsuitable carbide grade ------------------------- Use a tougher carbide
Instability ------------------------------------------- Check stability of the system

Built-up
edge

profile
is too
shallow

Poor
surface
quality

148

## Incorrect cutting speed --------------------------- Change the cutting speed

Unsuitable carbide grade ------------------------- Use a coated carbide

The tool is not at the workpiece axis height --- Change tool height
Insert is not machining the thread crest ------- Measure the workpiece diameter
Worn insert ----------------------------------------- Change the cutting edge sooner

## Cutting speed too low ---------------------------- Increase cutting speed

Wrong anvil ----------------------------------------- Choose correct anvil
Flank infeed method is not appropriat --------- Use the alternate flank or radial infeed method