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1. Enumeration.

What are the non specific defenses of the host under mechanical (1), under chemical (4) factors and under microbial substances (2). Name all. 2. Identification. The ability to ward off disease through body defenses is called _______. 3. Identification. Lack of resistance is called ________. 4. Identification. Specific resistance is ________. 5. Non specific defenses of the Host. Identify at least one factor that prevent microbes from entering the body that prevent microbes from entering the body through each of the following: a. Skin b. Eyes c. Digestive tract d. Respiratory tract e. Urinary tract f. Reproductive tract 6. Define inflammation AND list its 5 characteristics 7. Describe phagocytosis 8. What is opsonization and describe its importance in the performance of phagocytosis 9. Arrange chronologically the processes that will result to phagocytosis a. Ingestion b. Margination c. Emigration d. Adherence 10. Enumerate the components of the chain of infection 11. Multiple choice. A human host can prevent a pathogen from getting enough iron by a. Reducing dietary intake of iron b. Binding iron with transferin c. Binding iron with hemoglobin d. Excreting excess iron 12. Multiple choice. Helicobacter pylori uses the enzyme urease to counteract a chemical defense in the human organ in which it lives. This chemical defense is a. Lysozyme b. HCl c. Complement d. Sebum 13. True or False. The different types of epidemiology Pain (dolor), Redness (rubor), Swelling (tumor), Heat (calor) 14. True or False. Vectors Animals that carry disease from host to host 15. True or False. Some emerging infectious diseases Bartonella henselae (cat scratch disease), MERS, Ebola, West Nile, Hantavirus 16. True or False. Endemic Spreads in blood or lymph 17. True or False. The second line of defense? Where a pathogen infects a host

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Name:__________________________________________ Course & Year: _______________ Date:___________

Prelim Exams Microbio Lec&Lab

18. Essay a. Differentiate medical asepsis vis--vis surgical asepsis (5 points each) b. Is inflammation beneficial to the body? Why or why not? c. Justify. Complement deficiencies can result in an increased susceptibility to disease (5 points)

Laboratory In a tabular presentation, identify the causative agent and pathognomonic sign if applicable, for the following diseases 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. RF Diphtheria Leptospirosis Tetanus Cholera Pneumonia Meningitis Typhoid fever Leprosy Gonorrhea Gastroenteritis Cystitis Bubonic plague PUD Gangrene 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. Acne Respiratory TB TB of the bone Pyelonephritis Bacterial vaginosis Dental carries Strep throat Endocarditis Folliculitis Conjunctivitis UTI Neonatal gonorrheal ophthalmia Dermatitis PID Syphilis

From the already given diseases, regroup each accordingly upon the organ/s of affectation. Skin and eyes Nervous system Cardiovascular Respiratory system system Digestive system Genitourinary system Bone Ears

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Name:__________________________________________ Course & Year: _______________ Date:___________

Prelim Exams Microbio Lec&Lab