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# 11AU303

## FLUID MECHANICS AND MACHINERY

(Common to AU and ME Programmes)

3 1 0 4

AIM: To understand the principles of mechanics of fluids and to give knowledge on fluid machineries pertaining to various applications OBJECTIVES: To cover the basic principles and equations of fluid mechanics. To recognize the various types of fluid flow problems encountered in practice. Dimensional analysis will develop a better understanding of dimensions, units, dimensional homogeneity, identification of non-dimensional parameters and dynamic similarity in experimental modeling. Study of Turbomachinery will help to give the knowledge of various types of pumps and turbines and how they work UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND STATICS 9+3 Units & Dimensions. Properties of fluids capillarity and surface tension. Newtons law of viscosity.Types of fluids. Flow characteristics: concepts of system, control volume. Concept of continuum. Statics Pascals law, hydrostatic law, Barometer and Manometer. Centre of pressure Buoyancy and stability Stability of immersed and floating bodies. UNIT II KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS OF FLOW 9+3 Kinematics Lagrangian and Eularian approach, dimensions of flow, Types of fluid flow, streamlines, path lines and streak lines, Application of control volume to continuity equation. Dynamics Eulers equation of motion, Energy equation (Bernoullis equation) Applications venturimeter, orificemeter and Pitot tube - momentum equation and moment of momentum equation(by control volume) - applications. Boundary layer concepts flow over flat plate, cylinder, sphere and flow through pipe. UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES AND DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS 9+3 Flow through Pipes Darcy - Weisbach equation, Chezys formula. - Minor losses. Flow though pipes in series and parallel. Dimension and units: Buckinghams theorem. Discussion on dimensionless parameters. Model analysis similarities, dimensionless numbers, model laws. UNIT IV TURBINES 9+3 Theory of turbo machines. Forces exerted by a jet on stationary curved plates. Turbines Classification Pelton, Francis and Kaplan turbines pressure-velocity compounding, efficiencies, Eulers equation, velocity triangles. Draft tube types, efficiency. Specific speed, unit quantities, Characteristic curves of turbines. UNIT V PUMPS 9+3 Centrifugal pump types of casing, velocity diagram, performance curves, model testing, priming, cavitation, suction height, Net Positive Suction Head. Recriprocating pump - classification, ideal and actual Indicator diagrams, workdone, air vessels. Rotary pumps Classification and working. L: 45, T: 15, Total: 60 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Bansal, R.K., Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, Laxmi Publications Ltd., 2010. 2. Rajput, R.K.., Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines, S Chand Publications, 2010. 3. Kumar, D.S., Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering, Kataria and Sons, 1993. REFERENCES: 1. Kumar. K.L., Engineering Fluid Mechanics (VII Ed.) Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 1995. 2. Yunus A. Cengel, John M. Cimbala, Fluid Mechanics, Tata Mcgraw Hill, 2006. 3. Frank M. White, Fluid Mechanics, Tata Mcgraw Hill,2011.

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