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tutagtta Loumnl??o 2 05s/IJ

Gtgyfoo)"-dt

;rrtrlsrs dauu?nr:nar{ dlu.ru: rru,

2.2.7 rllldrflqoirtuoiunrtflatflunrt4niauasirtaslSso (Ctose Interval pipe to Soil Survey) t


r ,a s r .-i^^^ -^-y--r--------r Y r9 utilaotrqiooirnlaJsirtoirvrNlv,hlrflarnrrf,osfiunrrr-.lniounaaourr??ia1n
r

"l

rsJo?

2.2.8
i
urfi

n:rdfi??

dA1 r
r

V,l

ft1 UUA fl g A.: Zi a'lr,U?r s UA

GOV

Survey)

ryr a 6{''t ?2 a dR

R1s

lsa i t I ar v e a ua fl ?l'0 fl ?'t { a u ufi 0 { yl s La Llril n 1 eIl o r4u o a s 6 u H

srvrodruiuf, o.:flun1?r{niou?to.:viafirg [o enirnredrreotn 1 6 fl 2.2.g nlim??adoufiularasdr uuyruvi afl'rq (Coupon I nspection)


lufi

Aeuq{vtt6tfo

dl 6)rl) a-[fl[unl?v{

slnrfliur dmmnrrr,lnioufl a{dR']}ln1

o
rJ

[uvi

adrfl'rg

2.2.10 nl?eta?terfsrvnounrstuvio (Deposit Inspection)


ud o o

:a q aa u o { d:hsn a u s ar dr

uu:J

an

il a a u fi

dtuu#uvi

fi t6'o r

fl''r?

Run pig ornt#n:orflrs uuasdrlrJiuoasf :Jrrffiunrrrl

niausawiad.rfl'rg
2.2.11 nrrdrmqulnt?iil?o?tadaoriuvi0 (Coating Defect Survey) ti o s : 114

ao

r?

do u n'l?f,

1?

?t o

dq uu

vr

o d.: ril %d'l Lil o fi ?ir'hiufi


4

onr

rirtua

o{ n?u Lr6ilylfl r{itfi'l%?suufl or fiunre

niau Io s?i1n.r?d1??a1 n 1 E fl
(Inhibitor rnfection)
v ua

z.z,tz nrefio arr eiu &nrr


rd afl
a.:

ryndouar er'luvi o fl'rq


s?i

flunl? 4 niaufl r ertuyi o ( u*m


4vOr tn6AU ?,1U.:R1 U LtA?lA

otuvr

da s nrrdo

arr

ler

fi

(Inhibitor)

z.z.Lg nt??itrt?lildual oa,l ettuyiodsfi'rfi fl nternat Cleaning)


rdarir narildsa'r
oR1

s'luviadr fi'rq6'r aarJn:alrir omr6tuo.loRl

EJ

'luviad.:fi'rf, (cteaning pig) Trnuir,f,r nrraeirsfiosflas

o8s

2.2.14 nrrnmqda:Jdfl'ty{nrrruniousaryia (Inline Inspection) ! r Q r o e Oet Irfi a n :a o da u 6{r'l''t v'l n'l ? r-{ n ?a ufl r er Luu o n r fl o ? s n 1 ? Ug o :J n m[a ?? Q

dounr:alniausarviafi'lg (co.rosion rig) Toacirufiunrarn 1 s fl druiuviouuun raunfl 16 fl druiuvio'l%ilura

?l6tflrtfl1s

fi'sr

ri

rln s

da u u?

r:

nar

{ d'r u.r ru r v u u vio d uUr*ui,

W wffi
yi o Cr flr r r: : llr o' r i*au o r 1riirnrrrlr:rir M orrl:l:*n:r nr: tlttrin grr olsr orrr:: ! u?i a !i{fa E ffilr.i uiljfl ilnfl. i.n_n (ilv1!u) nr !]r{rnMuaraa{ra lnqn n1rr1a11! a:a1tn1! lqn0fiinlt tra:narnrlnfin!

rnFl) onrLd

rnlaria1lnr:rirarr*s:o.n {B:n1r fl :ttRa!Rnatnt! iu rlr!nt1 PIG (PiFlin lmrdon cau$)

ffiffi
9 1o" z aalu-1_Lr_i

ffi%ffi ffiwffire
,

rte

ilil*nr:drflinurioftfrcrf* nr:nr.uraar.iutfloluq
t"ueuar ra:tor,rnrinrnlraarului.difrr

lico'1u*L 1ri,1 cisning prc ur^rfr pro fi1#-"rrra:arrrrrlu

lttr_rlo*^ro

ceni{

p,s

.fia.li!ilrrAnir.*romoluirrr:rali.stil^nildu

fry:ilfl ,n{r'51ur!u irf

rllilrt{irE_.rr

cl@n,49 PIG

!}.F)niiu 12.ii.

""

l'arnr6avrquarnl 2m

nlr

Run

Clmlnt

Plg

rrifr

[aE

PtG ,in Fcm cto driirrs:riluilarriromr ,S'luHr ls0ron0!rrNmil_lr llrll Run PIG rorla ln:1ilhnr,o_iual*n*ol.ye:eruiri

ondrurtluaanuo'rl snrraon Prg ila_nn1nil1 m, Run rllsiofrfir1!!.rn'lr t60 ilnrlo:g'li gI-{n 5{[FO{tytuut_ n0g!n]q0!iuRntfl n irr
:ouuu3au"nawiluqj o'rune: Run

rar:nrirnr::jrllir urrla cledng pig iiunsrrinrflq

rirt:l::nailri

-l f ;-.""ri*"hil;r;;._l t--;il;*r",il*"r*, ildou"unsi'nYioionl:u I | *t.-"a-**-a*,


t

ffi
lnstrument PtG

r ;";"--*-1" l f--------i-*;,i,ltu--l -;;;;*-.* | '.nr"*.' J t- 1111"r"1i

lr"aG nin cup

cl..nlnq Pls .i{d s *ar r 1i' iioirs'nua:onilurirs 1ou onnnsiluaextq!!n!f, I PIG t*arrRauvanlr!il ula!!n0{!hna [a:aaxa R{n15 (6:LiLUAXT!Rft UrUUl Lil tntUnnn:r!
Run PrG

nt

latfrMdu

.l

,| | "d.d-;*r",,r,.',*dr** | *,*d*-r---r---"il;a-l a;;Bir,,fiA;*';l riuiri4Enril sr,{uniE!in!1i!mx I nyiolrn-su{uei.r!!"xni0 lI I

I t

a 6;;il;-,d,d - --)
:ryrT"_;,,
J

mr
PIG

Run Cl.anino Plo

cinil

s o'r

tz

1n1r'

ni,. Bi-Oidoml Plc ii[riq!1{*1rix


l1silo!ft fl:g oriourhoaouoaur.ir*6nri
o PtG

nrror arr.luuun*o+ynrinno"rlnr

-rr'rfi
qnfl
f,

antnorrau
nan

nautrtilHfr

ua:ottiltilulFu:aEntf

?ialiifi.s o@ning

niniirl::irinrrhnr:

!irn?1!BrElnen 6rarrtnnrrotarrlsalua:

aaltun:ionn'rraruUaannir*rurn rirrnlli
lonrmminm:6ariaurr'luyia

_] l-- **,'"'*"r,'r* l.--4*.*;""-----imrJiollu*ilunnilEonriq mri.lrrunisnil.dlrr


. ]l
PIG n

-l f-- {.il;;"6*."-,i -) l-=----*--*;ti. r Eror.cflon.rprcn11.!1p.n!r1; I


J

ffi M

ffi
#$

ryary"*Trll"-

trtsnlrrl'J{iflMnoEiJrilstf,nfr 2-ld(d
lnstrument PIG

6irilil

Ptc frn:ri1n1:a::rnorra:Maliorilflrq

un"rrfila"aln _..-- -- _..- -.--n', _ rfiolflunr: '---n un:il:rlrnla:jolq

xr![iluil:i:hBliadidlstioli

ild1un1rf:1!f0!fnliioriri1ii{nai

rlnr. kiuri

N4agnetic Ftux Leakage

ptc (MFL ptc) dourri.n.rnrrroulr.n.rq

niouaalrio un:drtrilrdtfinnr:lniou

din!mr1:nqrlnxrldr"rru-raraluuora{rarruonaoryia, GEo ptc dilirnl:nrx!flardrurr.irfin-naaryia rdadrlrnnrllrflu tauiullmli6 [s! cliper PtG ldn:rarolrrdrruiluar:orrl:orurn-r:oau'nro rianr:rrrnollolrio tdoldrirruni'rnr:ciolusryioriol].1 Inulnfirlunh-inr: q:rlcolnaruloriariifli{dxu lnstrument PIG In i 6 il louluil 2sso la"inr:rrtuHulfriinrrnrlnFa!flflrwyiodlflrqrirai6rr6irdrirt

n1I Run ln.trum.nt Pig rrnRlUnau

1:!!raRrnls

lo)rnriilrnr ri1. lunr


Pig nan

nlinRausrifl yj.din-.tn"r! lnstum6nt

rirrl::trs rlirnrro:rlaauarilrrl::,itn rlr:lraanirrfuniriarnnrrn:rtraroririoq tfr orirqrurra_n:rnr:rirlrzarrr:r_nriou urdfinlnntt!ln!rt!1nitra Idrill tuL, rl::Liuor rzolriadrrirrra:iim:riolutluio i.riinMri.li

ar8orusi,Juriodoiilo6ssljmd u-srh Uon.

iirnh (rmrnr)

nlttnHi{[ltFo{ l!*lloniloqn ullh urfl. Erni ({u1r*) n1$noJ ,hoihsl aa:Ji!-6n1ail1r{inM n"aiinri uannq lt tr! fln [! N r ua D!!, tu fi t! Lf n !nf, l:h!n{[lnFE!luilu4un{ru ll!fl i !!!uto!:a! murif,rlia tso 1ffi1 ria{1 mt Run Plc ilril{n'aiilifrri:ar:_ulur il
ut

'r- r lr,! trtlu!fl rtn0nqt:ultintt!BUn{1u

Rl

ian_radlnanilh'n5frnr

ornnr::liu'firr* nun pte vir i2 oir t, IqlSNt UAinlnnrr!n!5 rru[n6inli tn


6-odrdrorirmarilua*n:rarLrorilo'o.nn.:

!{!oni

ROr!Utn!tfl ntutn!1an

l!iltn tll tnlr:u 0inurir 0!r !flr tila!rn11:y

anFltira!fl alindlulrrfl 1r!rRLur!trrna


nrrrf;

u:er:eld*nrua:rolruar
1

Ernnlrilr!_6{1s nril ptc 1n"n1.nr"la. 4aH{ a an !aian?i adiril{dr ur u i,064 ilen:_a us:rarrrnriril:q t,Be 6nl
,a{ntnaun: amxrian"rr

ffi I

M
alalliilurnrnfrtnltnaur t!.

tntru!utila
tnstument

iLnrr:funilrrrrlirirruunn:or*l

f-- -**{";7"---l

Irl";"'"JIo."',-iu,r.ooa"la'nr]l.ioorr""rilraozir:;

a,rfi+Fr'." ;re*5. l

f ,r**",'1,",;;<m.l
_,]

ctc

riotl

.nsorus:uuiod0n--r66ssti,l6i u-$h rJatn. iirnr-o (r.rmnr)

PipGI-::,; -:; wrr^lgl


What is the pig?
is a device that is inserted into a pipeline generally for the purpose of cleaning the line, gauging the bore, inspect the pipeline,
separating products or removing product from a pipeline. Pipeline Pig

Cleaning Pig

lnline lnspection Pig (lnstrumgnt P

Magnetic

Foam Plg

Foam pig is to be used for product, liquid or debris removal and for drying a line. During precommissioning they are frequently used to dry the line after the de-watering operation. They are particularly good at soaking up residue water and bringing it out which is an operation that might involve a great number of soft foam pigs if the line is to be air dried or vacuum dried prior to being commissioned.

eup Pig

Cup type pigs are used for product separation or batching and for evacuating liquids such as condensate from pipelines. The conical cup pig is sometime used on semi instrument pigs such as Gauging tools. As Gauging tool are used to measure dent and radius of curyature because the conical cup being flexible enough to traverse dents etc of up to 30 percent the it is ideal for this application.

Bi-Directional Pig
Bi-directional which have a central body tube, or mandrel, and various components which can assembled onto the mandrel to configure a pig for a specific duty. The bi-directional pig is good cleaning efficiently pig

be

Prepared by PM Pillar

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Pi pel i nm

Wm*@il,ffiffi Wmffi

ryection

Qegmetry_!psp.ection

by using a set

{. PIan, profile, and chainage information as well as b geographical UTM coordinates to provide gtobal positioning

-A?lqT,{f,!rP.l. ,

rfj,.4.,.f;jlT3?.L11fl,3{.1h?,,*i,p,,,,9,1,!

,..?;',,,,,,,ii,!i,i.,i1r,,;i::!,:

lnstaliation

--

{T-piece) Pipe without

geometry defects

\\ I \.\ i-\ -Hr --\:\,/

q"

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Pi

pelir*w

*M

ww Mmffi ryection

,,,,,,.,MflB:ng$,rt,,Elu,x.L:9fl,h*sg,f p,gpcc,!i,,gn.

pits result in magnetic flux leakage near the pipe surface. These leakage fluxes are detected by

t'$
Metal Loss

Magnetic Signal lnterpretation Examples


Metal Loss (pit dimensions)
i*?i9

MetalObject
(unattached and touching)
*87,?**g,
::"{

(slot dimensions) #9:S 6#{,FffiYtu;*""*.tx**'r,irtfr,v,

?tf* if;!?

4,

3&SiFfiEF{?;}:.}'Itilf }:"rf,r:tt

l#'H-AIS:i

M:2-tr'j:;!'.:rii|!,":-"i"--'rffi----ffiT.2:rffiffi

Pipe Surfaee View

Software

fl

il

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Geograpfu

Mm

firifmrmmf;nmnr Syrm*em
What is GIS?

(GIS]

database system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analysing and displaying data related to positions on the Earth's surface. Typically, a GIS is used for handling maps of one kind or another. These might be represented as several different layers ere each layer holds data about a particutar kind of feature. Each feature is linked to a position on the graphical image on a map and a record in 3n attribute table.

GIS (Geographic lnformation gystem)

is a

Lils uata

r
. . . . . .

The utllization of Gl$ for

pipeline

To be the onJine pipeline database on PTT lntranet for supporting routine work To be the portable pipeline data (with GPS) for supporting field works such as pipeline locating, P/S potential
measurement etc. To be the database for any analysis in PLIMS such as Risk Assessment, HCA ldentification, Class Location Surveying etc. To be decision support system for emergency response, To be decision support system for management. To be integration of data between other business unit and gas transmission,

iGlS Applied to Pipeline I $_e_s$y Uffias_ggtqqt

Risk Aesessmenl

a
[)

lntranet-based Browaer

Maintenance Data Analysis

HCA Calculation

-,^> l/' -\

Geographic lnformation System


(GIS)

k ffi:l
ffiel

Alignment sheet generation

UJ i.g
Field Application

,ffi'l lffi+J

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Direct Curnffiffit \dr,fitage Gr.admmnt (DCVG)


What is DCVG?
lt has been used for not only locating but also sizing coating defects. The technique is fundamentally based on measuring the voltage gradients in the soil above a cathodically protected pipeline. A distinctive feature of this technique is that even defec& san,,bq,,lo.cated accurately, with a cfalrned acsuracy gtabout,l0.cm.
DCVG (Direct Qurrent Voltage Gradient) is a technique for coating surveys on buried pipelines.

(fiil . i:ff 1|"lrEl


E

It&ifr,$tr

lr:rff rla:r*JB

iq

&.sur.mtntdt--. tcqpc -.enf$re,, Rme.d6.hd.r

"

,'

Yq!!gs_e__G1a_d_i9-g!rogr_e.ga-tilqs*g!C"g"t__

] __
t

Vgllag" Gradient Patterns

--l

_ji

Y*rt*.le f,a*ent {e{sll*strrEJin tt-r{ srl surra**dlnga ,leftc{

*._r_--

a.at!n:?teri

EufiedFrFdrne

--:-*-""
ir,,B !r:! ,rki.15. $ I *::

D0VG Result
\)v.1
:!

eoating Defects
*1-

.*ir .l t ,*L I ,.-f


a

,..L ,,*L !
**

'

rL

li.!

Llllr

.-.,.-

r: L.

,Et
,oo

i !

$
-t

.""L

*L
.""t

*f
,ffi I3>!0

JI
lroBn

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

D@E@G
(Direct Gwmwmt
t
*):r- r-

MwHMqlw
v J

Gradient)

DCVG rilurer{0.:fiofilfEr:':oHreiruHr.[.:fifi coatino dr:oro.:yiofrf,todtoi'6u vqqJ

-*

ff.ruo?1iluiluu1fl{ IorJ'[f Voltmeter ar?a?o[?,1oil1flJrruuTa.rfinrj'lr^hlruu fon^o-ru fiuGu (Voltage Gradient) rirlriarrur:n:rUeirund{uncrulora{ Coating
Defect'[oY

.lv

uniorfioorrj:snauoirU
1. Multi-Voltmeter

2. lnterrupter
^d

?I'R1Tn1AO?1il Defect &su 6 o oTt I nterrupter ttit n-u Rectifier ttn r iliu Er-.: rot or otr ru qi fi o 1 -a'!tra,fyAyvlu{Aug tou[Un1ilm1{[ou1j0{11otoU probe 1j''ril14il{a;ma.:eruruanufruon0otrnr

Aa

3. o1il?oYl00nu Reference Cell

v A,

. 2.
3.

fr.:nr:iouu probe nr:oqjuu centerline ta.:viaeiru6n probe n'::fro;o$lu:ius 1-2 tilo: tudr.rr:arfdfinr:ld probe riud'otlri'probe & ^ eA v ; Urdd o d ltr A i - & Ao m.l 2 a?flonuiluYrYr1n'r:?o uln [il8J8.J defect [lJ3.J10{tirnAiQt lritn6oufr
i ea i

tfiorrirlniloofiufio coating defect asa.:rnErlei'jrtfiruto.:Taasi'fiuEroiosun'j,l1ud'Er:rrdurriu interrupter j^ J J J v.r s , T i : . J , [ouYl amplitude t0.:n1T[tni{a3tllil{utilatrlrtnd defect llnsosNoBituilaoonvirsqrlnfrufrn defect n1?

m.i{ I o{ Lt rn rE uo qirYu
Scsa? OIEcrbt

tv

cT d

uratj.l

p ro

be d'l g:J frr uei rr


?I'R'l:1411JU1st Defect (%lR)

ty

'

\.bfrrrtcr Respons

lldfuetcr n+*{lc srrinsE to{r$d$ deftd

-|

-}

1. nreit Over the line to remote earth voltag" Iouurnr{nnti


rir ri'n d'[r h1rtu uur
or&.:

@
ficcdb rrrman$ it*iiofiary

ar

riu

yi a a

ufi

.r

rir

Re m

ote Earth dt grl


Defect tsYorn

2.

rirurnrrir Signal strength ru cirurar.i.: Coating


flstT ru

lfiD[rEEter

=A+m(B-A)t(m+n)
llloav
loodv

lrbltmater needk swingr ta\rrerdi defec{

'-

'- ;: --fl fl

ti

rirur rxdr

R (rilurirfi u o nfi .::ru'tor a{ Defect) a"tn

%lR = Over the line to remote earth voltaqe x 100%


I stre

Voltage gradient pattern o;ri.luanfitnn:*nr;to.t coati n g Defect fi a {t

d'6

uloi

si.::

rJ oYr

u sir.:

!i.\J/\vJli

'..
\

\./

\-./
-\--l

",-

-/ ,' i
/

\\--^\----l

8{i.:l !n fop.: Fi!! i;err !6rked.rtn dirlribrl;cr

9!t,ri
cl

in brltre

il

tirr
V6 6re riorgc)ed
YG h.ve aft

Y; !vcnly d:rrilh(rrd bli !!r{cd !!t-

c!ailcFpin! .irrll

Pipline

Pmr*m,f Inni

W ffir,*dfuffitr-k #etection

What is Pipeline Patrolling?


maintenance. Example protection requirement

Pipeline Patrolling : A continuing surveillance program is usually conducted to monitor for unusual operation and of unusual may include changes in class location, leak, failure, corrosion, substantial change in cathodic

r ,

.Exposed or Damage Pipe .Leaks .Pipeline Breaks .ConstructionActivity .Soil erosion and Vegetative Cover .Shallow Pipe

.Encroachment .Atmospheric Corrosion .Poor Condition of Pipeline Sign and Marker .Missing Pipeline Sign and Marker .Dead, Damaged or Altered Vegetations

P!

pe_lile pAl1.o! lirc_4_ej1y$ies 1qd Flgqti-engy_

1. Ground Patrolling and Leakage Survey 2. Vehicle Patrolling


3. Aerial Patrolling and Leakage Survey

Every 1 Year Every 1 Week Every 6 Months Every 6 Years

4. Offshore Pipeline Survey by ROV

i*

cleyry$

p*pl!'ng

gllqleqta.g__e*s_ryy_e_y-

] L_

Vehicte

Parroiling

ry

Aerial Patrolling and teakage Leakage $unvey $urvfV_ i . $qtlajPatrolling

,-,1

I ,

Offehore Pipeline Offshore fipeline Survey arrvey ny by ROV Rpy

_--,

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Foot & Metu&mMw @wtrolling

Patrolling Activ

'.*-,,

ffi;

il, B {t

i*i.

#:

i*ii

\sryffii:fi:'liqqtllitt\$W-s:''il :i:l::::.r:1r:r'i\!r:::iriii:Ii:rrlr!:n:t'1: : a'r''l

Correction Activitv

Warninq sion maintenance

ROW monitoring

i..'.6

ptt

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Aerim[
Objective

@w@m.ffilling

To check evidence of gas leaks and overall condition of the ROW To detect activity taking place along the right of way

fri*-#....g.,

GPS receiver

Display Unit

sFinderAB

Gas sensor

Correction Activity

ROW maintenance

Pipcline ROW monito

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

RQM Smxrwey
Objective

To survey free span and pipeline condition To discover leaks and other failures To measure cathodic protection level

ROV Activity

Mitigation Activity

Free Spam Correetion

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

Pip@Mmmw
Coating Repair
For Repair deteriorated coating and minor defects

Mwpair

Composite Sleevd
For Repair external corrosion defects and minor mechanicaldamage defect

;. 1.
2. 3.

Components of Composite Sleeve


High-strength composite structure Adhesive material Filler material

----]

$leeve Type B

Split Sleeve
ior
Repair iriernaiJ

erteinitino

mechanica!

damage defect

. Clamp
For Temporary repair of leak defect

Htnge & Rod Assnmbly

tilliilg

llorrks

of permallep! repail when wctded


Special Seal lirooue 0esiqn

lleirt hrsulalion ilnrds

gecitir,arioffi

l$gt:t#**l'r'&

Pipeline Maintenance and Engineering Division

frt

Prffieejctlty'c

ffimffiffiffim$

3 Layer Poly

Cathodilc Frotecfrfion Systemn


nl:ilo{nunr:rJn:ounoou t:
nl:[c[oilcra'lu1,o{ tamuluo.lo]fln1:Yrlilflnrulnua{rtaoaoil
o IAAA 4f 4 laAA v -t

9le.rlAU
d

o IAAA

v j

tuu

tamvQnrirorg loU q,
,u

nr:rirrJfrfi?srrnfi m5orJfrfi?ut Etectrochemicat frufrsuaofforu rirl#Iamvqnfforndou


9r
o

u tuoof a m y n a onhj n qcl

tola

tr v o n nJ6 s u r fl u er

: il : y n o u

ENERGY

ENERGY UNSTABLE

q rY qY v "lunr:oqstr:'dosl#vrd.rsru

Fl
u uo
6's

STABLE

IN

STABLE

-+.
y s a i

Fe2* +
/

w,"Jt
<
I

RUST

( FerO,

untiulamvuxrfiofirurludvrulauy'luanrufir{luoqjrdu vro,rrir,
I

^u ri

rlulut

,
t't"u

L os rhermodynamic rYulorn vd ufl : n flu'hJ rfl u fi u udo dr { rG il u {o


ru

uiaqq fi'lilrads:
ffu n r s n fl.:
sr

ua y n r : 16o rfl

uafi
ru

ru o

g n fi'o n do u 6o n r

v
Energy

Input

ffi
Enerw

u n ffu {an r u ua o do s

Irp,ii

1----\r--.-.-Energy

Output

ffi
.-q

fl

arzurus:uuriodofroossumrii

uslir

Umn. itnr-o (umuJ)

tnnflu
Gl a o 6

,t ^4Od(\4J.u

LPluyl

Lnilyqy6ilt6fl electrons u@
'

LtnyttmnFlz

^l riluEooilflo{Tnv'Luareavn'ru (nrrr{arn1?rnfi) 6ruvi.l Etectrode riuqyufrNtilfitu

rlavqtv{flrnl (Electron, dauuuTnuvfiit{) l?nn,jr d'nrilv'lflr (Electricat

potentiat)

Fe)
Metal

Fe2+
ions in

2e-

Fe2*

//E:\
F*+

solution

firTr catrooe qvtfinilfrffiElr Reouction raio:JflffiurfilnyyfinT


3{}Jn1?trtfi) Iprflfi Electrons
AY r 4 Vlg/
dtoEj|,

A'-

ra_

.dl

rf,i

Etectrons (mrI

qvlunilruqrn Electrode trlfliarenynlfl (electrolyte) rir


r r
I

l#uvil Electrode n.rur,r6ot{urri:-lavqtv'lflrrrn 6u:-l?fl:rtA'rilu Nobte potential

C'

oHz

2H+ +
ions in solution

2e-

+2H +H2
gas

. .

& g?il?n

(Anode)

(Cathode) .i .r 'd ..', , & & . fr t1llJ Ftfl{ F{R El ?s1,?1{t ?t ? u x R [La u9t x a il
. yt1{t

t?au

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(oxidaion)

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tqi

u ar aa s a 1 s 6 rR nt n ala r4' rl n n a u'fa r,

u^ rr?,

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(umfl)

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1

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ua fi o uniua a nor n

.z ilant{ tA u electron To u u u nTn ra vtfi o fi til Insulation joint / Flange

niu

si'r n

2.

1il fi u u#n ri'LrnhIrTo


zlvjel-,v

rtf

2.

1 n'rTrn an'r floyt LTlJTyn auRu

2.2 Cathodic Protection (Sacrificial Method, Impressed current

Iqrsnr:fioryiufisiumx
rntol# Batching PIG

(PIG: Pipeline Inspection t'


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Gauge)

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Rear PIG

araorus:uLriodoiltusssirGi

uslh

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1. Rlttnaoilr'l?Ylo 2. lvuu cathodic Protection


t,,t

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1.

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2.

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n-o

trau

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Cathodic Protection lJOfl 2 UUonO

1. Sacrificial Method 2. Impressed current

Sacrificial Anode System


r. hi 6'e{ nr:u dr.rru'h,hfl
2. ANODE
cl
9,,

Impressed Current System

ro r nn r uu o n l, I
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t. do':nr:u a'crru lv{ fl ro rnRr uuo n


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9)

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t 9t

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4
14

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re

2.

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nt :
et

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rr<ir,r

lt

DATA RECETVER

IET i-_
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-ZINC ANODE POWERTAIL

araorus:uuriDdonitusssul6i LElh Uon. ihnr-o

(uflfl)