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NAME: SCORE:_______________/91 Intro to Psych Module 22-Assessment and Anxiety Disorders A. Factors in Mental Disorders 1.

What are the two biological factors that can lead to mental disorders? (4 pts) A)

B)

2. Give an example of each of the following, which also contribute to mental disorders (8 pts.): A) Cognitive factors B) Emotional factors C) Behavioral factors D) Environmental factors

3. Define each of the measures used to determine whether behavior is abnormal, give an example of using each, and also explain why using them in isolation could be problematic (18 pts.): A) Statistical Frequency

B) Social norms

C) Maladaptive behavior

B. Assessing Mental Disorders 4. Explain how the 3 methods used in clinical assessment create a profile of the person being assessed. What is being looked for in each? (12 pts.): A) Neurological tests

B) Clinical interview

C) Personality tests

C. Diagnosing Mental Disorders 5. Why is it easier to make a diagnosis of a mental disorder today than it was prior to 1950? (2 pts.)

6. How/why has the DSM improved as a diagnosing tool over the decades? Also, what are the benefits of having a uniform system for diagnosis? (See p. 515, last column) (4 pts.)

7. Read pp. 514-515 to get a basic understanding of the 5 axes used for diagnosing mental disorders. 8. Although diagnostic labels can be helpful, they can also create negative social and political effects. Discuss how homosexuals might have been impacted by such negative effects. (2 pts.)

D. Anxiety Disorders 9. What is the difference between generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder? Include information about symptoms. (8 pts.)

10. Define phobia (2 pts.)

b) How are phobias related to anxiety? (2 pts.)

11. Read p 518 to read about some examples of phobias. 12. What is the difference between an obsession and a compulsion? (4 pts.)

13. What are some of the most common compulsions? How do performing compulsive acts temporarily help people suffering with OCD? (4 pts.)

14. How does exposure therapy help people with OCD? (2 pts.)

15. Define somatoform disorder: (2 pts.)

16. Define mass hysteria: (2 pts.)

(1 pt.)

b) Is a group which is experiencing mass hysteria faking their symptoms?

17. What is TKS and why is it a social phobia in Asian cultures but not in Western cultures? (4 pts.)

What did you read about childhood socialization that might be a trigger for someone developing this phobia? (2 pts.)

H. Application: Treating Phobias 18. If you have a phobia, why might you need to undergo some cognitivebehavioral therapy before trying exposure therapy? What does cognitivebehavioral therapy entail? (6 pts.)

19. Why is long-term pharmaceutical use not a solution for treating phobias?(2 pts.)