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YULO V.

YANG CHIAO SENG FACTS: Yang Chiao Seng proposed to form a partnership with Rosario Yulo to run and operate a theatre on the premises occupied by Cine Oro, Plaza Sta. Cruz, Manila, the principal conditions of the offer being (1) Yang guarantees Yulo a monthly participation of P3,000 (2) partnership shall be for a period of 2 years and 6 months with the condition that if the land is expropriated, rendered impracticable for business, owner constructs a permanent building, then Yulos right to lease and partnership even if period agreed upon has not yet expired; (3) Yulo is authorized to personally conduct business in the lobby of the building; and (4) after Dec 31, 1947, all improvements placed by partnership shall belong to Yulo but if partnership is terminated before lapse of 1 and years, Yang shall have right to remove improvements. Parties established, Yang and Co. Ltd., to exist from July 1, 1945 Dec 31, 1947. In June 1946, they executed a supplementary agreement extending the partnership for 3 years beginning Jan 1, 1948 to Dec 31, 1950. The land on which the theater was constructed was leased by Yulo from owners, Emilia Carrion and Maria Carrion Santa Marina for an indefinite period but that after 1 year, such lease may be cancelled by either party upon 90-day notice. In Apr 1949, the owners notified Yulo of their desire to cancel the lease contract come July. Yulo and husband brought a civil action to declare the lease for a indefinite period. Owners brought their own civil action for ejectment upon Yulo and Yang. CFI: Two cases were heard jointly; Complaint of Yulo and Yang dismissed declaring contract of lease terminated. CA: Affirmed the judgment. In 1950, Yulo demanded from Yang her share in the profits of the business. Yang answered saying he had to suspend payment because of pending ejectment suit. Yulo filed present action in 1954, alleging the existence of a partnership between them and that Yang has refused to pay her shares. Defendants Position: The real agreement between plaintiff and defendant was one of lease and not of partnership; that the partnership was adopted as a subterfuge to get around the prohibition contained in the contract of lease between the owners and the plaintiff against the sublease of the property. Trial Court: Dismissal. It is not true that a partnership was created between them because defendant has not actually contributed the sum mentioned in the Articles of Partnership or any other amount. The agreement is a lease because plaintiff didnt share either in the profits or in the losses of the business as required by Art 1769 (CC) and because plaintiff was granted a guaranteed participation in the profits belies the supposed existence of a partnership. Issue: Was the agreement a contract a lease or a partnership? Ruling: Dismissal. The agreement was a sublease not a partnership. The following are the requisites of partnership: (1) two or more persons who bind themselves to contribute money, property or industry to a common fund; (2) the intention on the part of the partners to divide the profits among themselves (Article 1761, CC) Plaintiff did not furnish the supposed P20,000 capital nor did she furnish any help or intervention in the management of the theatre. Neither has she demanded from defendant any accounting of the expenses and earnings of the business. She was absolutely silent with respect to any of the acts that a partner should have done; all she did was to receive her share of P3,000 a month which cannot be interpreted in any manner than a payment for the use of premises which she had leased from the owners.