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Applying PSU Patch in a dataguard (Physical Standby) environment

Posted on September 20, 2012by Shivananda Rao P

2 Votes

Here is a brief explanation on how to apply PSU (Patch Set Update) in a dataguard environment In this demo, I am applying PSU 11.2.0.2.4 on the Primary and standby databases. Primary database Server : dev Standby database Server : uat Primary database : srprim Standby database : srps Primary Server: [oracle@dev ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srprim as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 10:43:50 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select status,instance_name,database_role from v$database,v$instance; STATUS INSTANCE_NAME DATABASE_ROLE - OPEN srprim PRIMARY SQL> select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log;

MAX(SEQUENCE#) 10 Standby Server: [oracle@uat ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srps as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 10:46:35 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select status,instance_name,database_role from v$database,v$instance; STATUS INSTANCE_NAME DATABASE_ROLE - MOUNTED srps PHYSICAL STANDBY SQL> select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log where applied=YES; MAX(SEQUENCE#) 10 Step 1: Disable the log shipping from primary database to the standby database by setting the log_archive_dest_state_2 to defer on the primary database. Here log_archive_dest_state_2 is deferred because parameter log_archive_dest_2 is set on my primary database to point to the Standby Database. SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_state_2=defer; System altered. Step 2: On the standby database cancel the Managed Recovery Process.

SQL> alter database recover managed standby database cancel; Database altered. Step 3: PSU (Patch Set Update)/CPU (Critical Patch Update)/ Patch Set patches always needs to be applied first on the standby database and then on the primary database. In order to apply it on the standby database, shutdown the standby database and also the listener running on the standby server. SQL> shutdown immediate ORA-01109: database not open Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. [oracle@uat ~]$ lsnrctl stop [oracle@uat ~]$ ps -ef | grep tns oracle 6958 5107 0 10:52 pts/1 00:00:00 grep tns [oracle@uat ~]$ [oracle@uat ~]$ ps -ef | grep pmon oracle 4788 1 0 09:56 ? 00:00:00 asm_pmon_+ASM oracle 6960 5107 0 10:52 pts/1 00:00:00 grep pmon Step 4: Now apply the PSU on the standby database. [oracle@uat ~]$ export PATH=$PATH:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/OPatch [oracle@uat ~]$ opatch version OPatch Version: 11.2.0.3.0 OPatch succeeded. [oracle@uat ~]$ opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir /opt/12827726 Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. PREREQ session

Oracle Home : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1 Central Inventory : /u01/home/oraInventory from : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 11.2.0.3.0 OUI version : 11.2.0.2.0 Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-09-18_11-1140AM_1.log Invoking prereq checkconflictagainstohwithdetail Prereq checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail passed. OPatch succeeded. [oracle@uat ~]$ opatch apply /opt/12827726/ Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle Home : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1 Central Inventory : /u01/home/oraInventory from : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 11.2.0.3.0 OUI version : 11.2.0.2.0 Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/12827726_Sep_18_2012_ 11_12_36/apply2012-09-18_11-12-35AM_1.log Applying interim patch 12827726 to OH /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1 Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks All checks passed. Provide your email address to be informed of security issues, install and initiate Oracle Configuration Manager. Easier for you if you use your My Oracle Support Email address/User Name. Visit http://www.oracle.com/support/policies.html for details. Email address/User Name: You have not provided an email address for notification of security issues.

Do you wish to remain uninformed of security issues ([Y]es, [N]o) [N]: Y Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local system. (Oracle Home = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1) Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n] y User Responded with: Y Backing up files Patching component oracle.rdbms.rsf, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.console.db, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.oms.core, 10.2.0.4.3 Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.dv, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.dbscripts, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.plugin.db.main.repository, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.rman, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sdo.locator, 11.2.0.2.0 Verifying the update Patch 12827726 successfully applied Log file location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/12827726_Sep_18_2012_ 11_12_36/apply2012-09-18_11-12-35AM_1.log

OPatch succeeded. Step 5: Once the patch has been applied on the standby database, start the listener and the standby database. [oracle@uat ~]$ lsnrctl start [oracle@uat ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srps as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 11:40:02 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to an idle instance. SQL> startup mount ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 684785664 bytes Fixed Size 2229640 bytes Variable Size 197134968 bytes Database Buffers 482344960 bytes Redo Buffers 3076096 bytes Database mounted. Note: Do not run any patching scripts on the standby database (Example: catbundle.sql). We are done with the patching on the standby database. Now lets move to the primary database. Step 6: Shutdown the Primary database and stop the listener running on the primary database server. [oracle@dev ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srprim as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 11:48:26 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> shutdown immediate Database closed. Database dismounted. ORACLE instance shut down. SQL> exit Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options [oracle@dev ~]$ lsnrctl stop [oracle@dev ~]$ ps -ef | grep pmon oracle 4618 1 0 09:53 ? 00:00:00 asm_pmon_+ASM oracle 10233 4998 0 11:50 pts/1 00:00:00 grep pmon [oracle@dev ~]$ [oracle@dev ~]$ ps -ef | grep tns oracle 10237 4998 0 11:50 pts/1 00:00:00 grep tns Step 7: Now apply the PSU patch on the Primary database. [oracle@dev ~]$ export PATH=$PATH:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/OPatch [oracle@dev ~]$ opatch version OPatch Version: 11.2.0.3.0 OPatch succeeded. [oracle@dev ~]$ opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir /opt/12827726/ Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. PREREQ session Oracle Home : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1 Central Inventory : /u01/home/oraInventory from : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/oraInst.loc

OPatch version : 11.2.0.3.0 OUI version : 11.2.0.2.0 Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2012-09-18_11-5611AM_1.log Invoking prereq checkconflictagainstohwithdetail Prereq checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail passed. OPatch succeeded. [oracle@dev ~]$ export PATH=$PATH:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/OPatch [oracle@dev ~]$ opatch apply /opt/12827726/ Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.2.0.3.0 Copyright (c) 2012, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle Home : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1 Central Inventory : /u01/home/oraInventory from : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/oraInst.loc OPatch version : 11.2.0.3.0 OUI version : 11.2.0.2.0 Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/12827726_Sep_18_2012_12 _17_40/apply2012-09-18_12-17-39PM_1.log Applying interim patch 12827726 to OH /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1 Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks All checks passed. Provide your email address to be informed of security issues, install and initiate Oracle Configuration Manager. Easier for you if you use your My Oracle Support Email address/User Name. Visit http://www.oracle.com/support/policies.html for details. Email address/User Name: You have not provided an email address for notification of security issues. Do you wish to remain uninformed of security issues ([Y]es, [N]o) [N]: Y

Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local system. (Oracle Home = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1) Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n] y User Responded with: Y Backing up files Patching component oracle.rdbms.rsf, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.console.db, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.oms.core, 10.2.0.4.3 Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.dv, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.dbscripts, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sysman.plugin.db.main.repository, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.rdbms.rman, 11.2.0.2.0 Patching component oracle.sdo.locator, 11.2.0.2.0 Verifying the update Patch 12827726 successfully applied Log file location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.2/db1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/12827726_Sep_18_2012_12 _17_40/apply2012-09-18_12-17-39PM_1.log OPatch succeeded.

Step 8: Start the listener on the primary database server and also start the Primary database. [oracle@dev ~]$ lsnrctl start [oracle@dev ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srprim as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 12:28:35 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to an idle instance. SQL> startup ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 684785664 bytes Fixed Size 2229640 bytes Variable Size 222300792 bytes Database Buffers 457179136 bytes Redo Buffers 3076096 bytes Database mounted. Database opened. SQL> Step 9: Now enable log shipping on the primary database by setting the log_archive_dest_state_2 to enable. As I said earlier, parameter log_archive_dest_2 on my primary database is set to point to the standby database. SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_state_2=enable; System altered. Step 10: Start the Managed Recovery Process (MRP) on the standby database. [oracle@uat ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srps as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 12:33:03 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> alter database recover managed standby database disconnect; Database altered. SQL> select process,status,sequence# from v$managed_standby; PROCESS STATUS SEQUENCE# ARCH CONNECTED 0 ARCH CONNECTED 0 ARCH CONNECTED 0 ARCH CONNECTED 0 RFS IDLE 0 RFS IDLE 13 RFS IDLE 0 RFS IDLE 0 MRP0 WAIT_FOR_LOG 13 9 rows selected. Step 11: On the primary database, run the patching scripts like catbundle.sql in this case. The script run generates archives and these archives would be shipped and applied to the standby database. So, there is no requriement to run the patching scripts on the standby database. [oracle@dev ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srprim as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 12:31:52 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/catbundle.sql psu apply SQL> select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log; MAX(SEQUENCE#) 14 Step 12: Check if the PSU applied shows up in the primary database by querying the registry$history or dba_registry_history view. SQL> select * from registry$history order by action_time desc; ACTION_TIME ACTION NAMESPACE VERSION ID COMMENTS BUNDLE_SER - - - - 18-SEP-12 12.32.44.728562 PM APPLY SERVER 11.2.0.2 4 PSU 11.2.0.2.4 PSU Step 13: Make sure that the latest archive applied on the standby database is the latest archive generated on the primary database. You can see below that the latest archive sequence applied on the standby database is sequence 14 and the latest sequence generated on the primary database too is 14. Now, check if the PSU applied shows up in the standby database by querying the registry$history or dba_registry_history view. [oracle@uat ~]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@srps as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Tue Sep 18 12:44:25 2012 Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 64bit Production With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options SQL> select max(sequence#) from v$archived_log where applied=YES; MAX(SEQUENCE#) 14 SQL> select * from registry$history order by action_time desc;

ACTION_TIME ACTION NAMESPACE VERSION ID COMMENTS BUNDLE_SER - - - - - 18-SEP-12 12.32.44.728562 PM APPLY SERVER 11.2.0.2 4 PSU 11.2.0.2.4 PSU We can see that the PSU is applied successfully on both Primary and standby databases. Here we go !!
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4 Responses to Applying PSU Patch in a dataguard (Physical Standby) environment


1. Syed says:
October 3, 2012 at 11:16 am

this is a very quick reference!! easy to understand ,,


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2.

gouthamk10 says:
October 5, 2012 at 10:51 am

Hi good doc.nice step by step process. thanks for the doc.

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3.

pavan says:
November 25, 2012 at 11:39 am

yes its verys understandable way thanks


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Shivananda Rao P says:


November 25, 2012 at 4:26 pm

Thank you !
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