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Potable water supply and distribution

NATURAL

Ductile iron pipes and fittings system DN 60 to DN 600

NEWS Extension to DN 350 to 600 STANDARD Vi anchoring DN 350 to 600 NATURAL
NEWS
Extension to DN 350 to 600
STANDARD Vi anchoring DN 350 to 600
NATURAL UNIVERSAL
NATURAL PUR
Conformity to
EN 545:2010
and
ISO 2531:2009 Standards

Comprehensive pipe systems

600 NATURAL UNIVERSAL NATURAL PUR Conformity to EN 545:2010 and ISO 2531:2009 Standards Comprehensive pipe systems
600 NATURAL UNIVERSAL NATURAL PUR Conformity to EN 545:2010 and ISO 2531:2009 Standards Comprehensive pipe systems

For more information about external coating of the NATURAL pipes, please see our ZINALIUM brochure

Activez votre protection extérieure Protection extérieure des gammes NATURAL et BLUTOP --- Système de
Activez votre
protection
extérieure
Protection
extérieure
des gammes
NATURAL
et
BLUTOP
---
Système de
canalisations
en fonte ductile

CONTENTS

Editorial

page 1

Stick to your principles

page 3

A material you can trust

page 6

PAM NATURAL, a complete pipe system

page 8

Ductile iron, new generation

page 9

NATURAL blue iron

page 10

The solution for potable water

page 12

Safety

page 13

Joints

page 14

Performance

page 16

NATURAL, a complete range

page 17

The NATURAL STANDARD and

EXPRESS range

The NATURAL UNIVERSAL range

Coatings for extreme situations

Connecting and repair pieces

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Visit the site www.pamline.com

PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Visit the site www.pamline.com Editorial From the early seventies, the

Editorial

From the early seventies, the realisation that natural resources are not inexhaustible has

grown and is now shared by an increasing number of players.

The signs are become evident: difficulties in recycling some products at the end of their

useful life, exhaustion of fossil fuels, increasing shortage of water resources, climate

change caused by greenhouse gases, etc.

Faced with these issues, local authorities need to consider the long term environmental,

financial and social impacts of the public decisions they are making.

The information available regarding the condition of the water systems is still not

accurate enough in view of the high stakes. Statistical studies that have been conducted

on the installed system show that the potable water supply networks alone represent

more than millions km of pipelines, out of which 1/3 are in questionable condition, with

the average leakage rate being estimated at about 25 %.

The networks are ageing and it would take over a century to replace them completely,

at current rates. Scenarios are being prepared, based on a realistic time scale and on the

evaluation of the costs that will be incured.

Initial replacements in the networks are carried out for statutory reasons and priority

replacement will probably be the relatively large diameters in more densely populated

regions, in other words the most critical and expensive.

Within the next few years, these priority renewals and others - some grey iron pipes are

over 100 years old - will lead to a sharp rise in the sums allocated to water issues by the

authorities.

These studies highlight the need to invest in sustainable systems and take into account

true investment cycles, quite unrelated to accounting amortisation periods.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

1

2

2 Stick to your principles In 2000, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM launched the NATURAL range, a ductile iron

Stick to your principles

In 2000, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM launched the NATURAL range, a ductile iron pipeline system, from DN 60 to 300, with a patented anticorrosion external coating. At the time, the innovative multi-layer coating on NATURAL pipes represented a major technical revolution.

Whilst retaining the traditional advantages of ductile iron:

• robustness and reliability of the pipeline systems,

• quick and easy to install push fit joints,

the NATURAL range offers several advantages:

• it considerably extends the field of use of ductile iron pipeline systems,

• pipes can be installed without a systematic soil survey and without additional on site protection, in over 95 % of the ground types encountered,

• it significantly increases the lifetime of the pipeline.

In many countries, cast iron is a historic reference material, used in the first water systems. SAINT-GOBAIN PAM is itself a technical reference: for more than 150 years, the company has capitalised on the exceptional qualities of a material which has stood the test of time whilst continuously striving to improve and develop it. The permanent search for perfection and a concern for quality mark out SAINT-GOBAIN PAM as the world leader.

Since most water supply work is carried out in the diameters DN 60 to DN 600, NATURAL pipes are now coated up to DN 600 in order to build even longer lasting homogeneous networks.

PAM NATURAL blue ductile iron pipe system is THE simplest and most universal system available on the market.

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM is currently extending the NATURAL range with a series of major innovations:

• Extension to diameters 350 to 600,

• Standard Vi self-anchored joints extended to diameters 350 to 600,

• NATURAL UNIVERSAL for the most demanding applications,

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

3

Stick to your principles SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, more than 150 years of history and know-how Founded

Stick to your principles

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, more than 150 years of history and know-how

Founded in 1856, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM is the world leader in the manufacture and commercialisation of ductile iron pipeline systems.

The emphasis placed on research and development has enabled the company to combine traditional know-how and technical innovation to continuously offer its customers high quality, reliable and ergonomic products.

Ductile iron

Ductile iron is an iron/carbon/silicon alloy containing pure carbon in a spheroidal graphite form.

> Exceptional mechanical properties

• Elasticity (Re 270 MPa)

• Breaking strength (Rm 420 MPa)

• Impact strength

• High elongation (> 10 %)

1 2 3
1
2
3

4

1- In "ductile" iron, the graphite particles consist of small spheres, which prevent the risks of crack propagation. The material is no longer "fragile". It is "ductile" and strong.

2- Ductile iron can cope with major deformations: torsion of a bar.

3- Deformation under exterior load of a large DN pipe.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

> A fully recyclable natural material

An alloy of iron, carbon and silicon, ductile iron is a "noble material" that can be 100 % reused, indefinitely. It can be completely recycled with no loss of properties and for the same application, in non restricting and non hazardous industrial processes. Recycled cast iron is used as a raw material in traditional steel and iron processes. The Pipe Division of the SAINT-GOBAIN Group produces a large volume of cast iron in its European plants, mostly derived from recycled ferrous materials. It is ISO 14001 certified.

from recycled ferrous materials. It is ISO 14001 certified. A material built to last Buying a
from recycled ferrous materials. It is ISO 14001 certified. A material built to last Buying a

A material built to last

Buying a pipeline is a major investment. The installed network must therefore be durable.

Thanks to the qualities of ductile iron, the pipelines can withstand unpredicted occurrences on site and unforeseen changes in operating conditions:

• Increased service pressure (increased requirements).

• Accidental excess pressures.

• Water hammer.

• Migration of the trench bottom, placing the pipeline in contact with rocks likely to pierce the pipe or cause breaks.

• Future work, carried out nearby, damaging the pipeline (for example, by a mechanical shovel).

• Ground movement, settlement.

Equipped with elastomeric joints, ductile iron systems form adaptable and flexible systems which can withstand external loads caused by the backfill, whether the depth of cover is large or small, as well as the site contingencies which may occur despite the precautions taken.

Installation of PAM ductile iron networks, simplified by the use of modular and fully compatible components, guarantees achievement of design performance levels, even under the most difficult laying conditions.

The mechanical properties of ductile iron are stable over time and remain constant throughout the life of the network.

The zinc-aluminium anticorrosion coating, adopted by SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, is another factor which significantly increases the lifetime of the pipelines.

By choosing a strong and reliable material, with a high safety factor, the water undertaking makes a responsible decision guaranteeing continuity of service and the long-term future of the installation.

of service and the long-term future of the installation. Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4

1-2- Ductile iron pipelines offer a safety margin which allows them to withstand certain contingencies without damage.

3-4- Easy, safe laying guarantees that the pipeline will be watertight first time.

contingencies without damage. 3-4- Easy, safe laying guarantees that the pipeline will be watertight first time.

5

A material you can trust A material which has stood the test of time Ductile

A material you can trust

A material which has stood the test of time

Ductile cast iron combines the traditional longevity of cast irons with exceptional mechanical properties: elasticity of the metal, bending strength due to high elongation capacity, resistance to ovalisation, solidity and proven performance of over a century.

Due to these exceptional mechanical qualities, ductile iron is suitable for all types of terrain and can withstand high stress without damage (deep or shallow depths of cover, traffic loads, other site contingencies, etc.).

This explains why ductile iron, and now the Natural range, has long been considered as the reference material for hydraulic networks, and especially pressure pipelines.

Over 10 000 km of SAINT-GOBAIN PAM-designed ductile iron pipelines are laid every year

PAM-designed ductile iron pipelines are laid every year Quality For SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, the notion of performance

Quality

For SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, the notion of performance extends far beyond the products. It involves the entire company, from product design through to delivery. The SAINT-GOBAIN PAM Quality Assurance system is based on the standard NF EN ISO 9001-2008 which certifies control of the main processes (design, production, commercialisation). All the plants responsible for manufacturing products in the NATURAL range have been awarded this certification, issued by an external organisation.

The SAINT-GOBAIN PAM Quality Assurance system is based on standard NF EN ISO

9001-2008

Compliance

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM products comply with national and international standards EN and ISO. Compliance is certified by third party organisations. These standards define the product or service in terms of result; each product, pipe or fitting, is individually tested in the plant, during an internal pressure test.

Specification

French or European standard

International standard

6

Recommendations and test methods

NF EN 545 (1) (2)

ISO 2531 (1)

Cement mortar internal lining

NF EN 545 (1)

ISO 4179 (1)

Zinc-aluminium outer coating of the pipes

NF EN 545 (1)

-

Joint gaskets – Material specification

NF EN 681-1 (1)

ISO 4633 (1)

Locking system

-

ISO 10804-1

(1) compliance certified by a third party organisation.

(2) In addition, the joints are in conformity with the specific requirements of Article 9 of the April 2003 edition of 'Fasicule 71', and this compliance is certified by a third party

Sanitary compliance

The materials used by SAINT-GOBAIN PAM intended for contact with drinking water (coatings, elastomers, lubricating paste) have received Sanitary Compliance Certificates in France, United-Kingdom, Germany, Netherlands,

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Pipe

Netherlands, Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Pipe Express 1/8 bend Tee with 2 sockets

Express 1/8 bend

PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Pipe Express 1/8 bend Tee with 2 sockets Express-flange Flanged

Tee with 2 sockets Express-flange

Pipe Express 1/8 bend Tee with 2 sockets Express-flange Flanged spigot Euro 20 type 21 Tapping

Flanged spigot

1/8 bend Tee with 2 sockets Express-flange Flanged spigot Euro 20 type 21 Tapping collar The

Euro 20

Tee with 2 sockets Express-flange Flanged spigot Euro 20 type 21 Tapping collar The advantages of

type 21

Tapping collar

Express-flange Flanged spigot Euro 20 type 21 Tapping collar The advantages of a complete range For

The advantages of a complete range

For over 150 years, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM has developed unequalled know-how in the field of water supply, building up countless project references. Based on this experience, the company is in a position to offer:

> comprehensive, uniform ranges to cater for all types of site configuration,

> modular pipeline systems, with coherent design:

Pipes, all types of fittings, flanged connection parts, connecting and repair pieces, parts for valves and fire hydrants. All SAINT-GOBAIN PAM products are fully compatible, playing their part in the construction of watertight, durable structures.

Trenchless pipe

laying!

Inspired

by

the

techniques

used

for laying

flexible

l

a y i n g

can

be

ductile

cast

for laying flexible l a y i n g can be ductile cast cables, trenchless pipe

cables, trenchless

pipe

techniques

implemented when

laying

iron pipelines.

In both the "microtunnelling" technique, used to cross single points (roads, waterways, etc.), and the "trenchless pipe replacement" technique, used to replace an old pipeline, a tapered pulling head pulls a line of cast iron pipes, pre-jointed and self-restrained by anchoring, through the ground.

UNIVERSAL Ve pipes protected by the TT coating are perfectly suited for these laying techniques.

Service

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM provides a local service through its Regional Offices.

Always available, the company's teams of engineers and technicians offer technical expertise and support to customers in Europe and throughout the world: design support (hydraulic calculations, mechanical calculations, water analyses, soil surveys, etc.), on-site assistance, after-sales service, etc.

Logistics

Efficient logistics is based on the ability to reduce the time between expression of need, delivery, commissioning.

The numerous regional depots cope with the significant increase in the number of requests and guarantee immediate availability of the standard products.

Whenever possible, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM also delivers ready-to-lay components:

delivery in kit form of EXPRESS and EXPRESS Vi junctions in the NATURAL range as well as kits of flanged joints simplifies work on site.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Laying of ductile iron pipes by microtunnelling.

7

PAM NATURAL A complete pipe system for DN 60 to 600 *

Increased versatility

Capitalising on the company's research, knowledge of soils and skills in the field of alloys, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM proposes with NATURAL a full range of ductile iron pipelines, compatible with more than 95% of the most frequently encountered soil types. NATURAL is a complete range:

> which removes the need for systematic soil surveys,

> which can cross corrosive sections without risk, with no need for additional protection using a polyethylene sleeve, and therefore with no extra site cost,

> which simplifies the management of small diameter pipeline inventories,

> which limits the number of cases where the TT-PE range must be used.

8

Remark: The few cases where the NATURAL range is unsuitable are easy to identify by a simple qualitative examination of the pipeline layout. These exceptions, for which we recommend the use of the STANDARD TT range, concern:

• ground located in a saline water table,

• acidic peaty ground,

• subsoils polluted by uncontrolled mining or industrial waste,

• subsoils

with uncontrolled stray

currents.

In this case - and in the absence of any additional information - use the TT-PE range (pipes coated by coextrusion with a thick polyethylene dielectric coating, bonding to the ductile iron, in compliance with the European

standard EN 14628-2006).

TRADITIONAL SOLUTION NATURAL Range 60-600 • METALLIC ZINC • ZINC ALUMINIUM (PIPES) BLUE EPOXY (PIPES)
TRADITIONAL SOLUTION
NATURAL
Range 60-600
• METALLIC ZINC
ZINC ALUMINIUM
(PIPES)
BLUE EPOXY
(PIPES)
• BITUMINOUS PAINT
CATAPHORESIS PAINT
(FITTINGS)
(FITTINGS)
The NATURAL range
is
now available from DN
60 à DN 600
IDEM
+ POLYETHYLENE SLEEVE
STANDARD TT
STANDARD TT

* For DN 700 to 1000, please consult our sales and technical sales teams

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Ductile iron, new generation

The external coating of NATURAL pipes

NATURALpipesbenefit fromanewgenerationofactivezinc- based external protection offering far greater performance. This blue coating consists of a zinc-aluminium alloy and an epoxy coating developed in our Research and Development Centre, tested under real conditions. While remaining robust and easy to lay, NATURAL ductile iron pipes are easier and safer to use and are suitable for a broader range of applications.

to use and are suitable for a broader range of applications. Detail of the structure of
to use and are suitable for a broader range of applications. Detail of the structure of
to use and are suitable for a broader range of applications. Detail of the structure of

Detail of the structure of the external protection of NATURAL pipes.

The external coating of NATURAL pipes is based on the principles and experience gained by SAINT-GOBAIN PAM over 40 years with zinc coating, recognised by European and international standardisation organisations.

It greatly improves the efficiency and scope through 3 effects:

> metallisation of a new zinc-aluminium alloy on the surface of the pipe. The type of two-phase alloy chosen (85 % zinc and 15 % aluminium by weight) has been optimised to obtain:

• the galvanic protection effect of zinc (damage protection),

• increased ability of the coating to heal itself in a wide range of soil types due to the presence of aluminium,

> the quantity of protective alloy (400 g/m 2 ) has been doubled compared with SAINT-GOBAIN PAM's traditional zinc coating (200 g/m 2 of zinc) and doubled compared with the minimum level set in standard NF EN 545-2010 (200 g/ m 2 of zinc). The benefit on the period of active protection is considerable, proportionally far higher than the increase in quantity,

> the finishing layer now consists of a blue epoxy pore sealer. Perfectly compatible with potable water, the blue epoxy replaces the traditional black bituminous paint and ensures correct operation of the active protection.

Metallisation is carried out by spraying on the liquid zinc-aluminium alloy. This unique process, developed by SAINT-GOBAIN PAM, guarantees optimum efficiency of the external protection.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

9

NATURAL blue iron DN 60 to 600

Activez votre protection extérieure Protection extérieure des gammes NATURAL et BLUTOP --- Système de
Activez votre
protection
extérieure
Protection
extérieure
des gammes
NATURAL
et
BLUTOP
---
Système de
canalisations
en fonte ductile

For more

400

information about external coating of the NATURAL pipes, please see our ZINALIUM brochure

200

130

Example of behaviour in a given corrosive environment 1 2
Example of behaviour
in a given corrosive
environment
1
2

1- Without zinc

2- Zinc-Aluminium protected

Anticorrosion performance

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM has demonstrated the performance of Natural by tests carried out in the laboratory (accelerated corrosion) and in natural ground for more than 30 years. It is based on SAINT-GOBAIN PAM's unique expertise in this field, acquired

with zinc coatings.

A few illustrations are given below:

> the double effect of the amount of protective metal and the type of alloy extends the field of use well beyond that possible through the use of zinc alone.

Coating weight (zinc or zinc-aluminium) (g/m ) 2 Zinc Zinc - Aluminium Active protection ZINC
Coating weight (zinc or zinc-aluminium)
(g/m )
2
Zinc
Zinc - Aluminium
Active protection
ZINC 200
(years)
NATURAL
- Aluminium Active protection ZINC 200 (years) NATURAL > the galvanic protection of the zinc-aluminium alloy

> the galvanic protection of the zinc-aluminium alloy selected protects the ductile iron (as with zinc) even when it has been damaged.

ductile iron (as with zinc) even when it has been damaged. Ductile iron pipes after horizontal
ductile iron (as with zinc) even when it has been damaged. Ductile iron pipes after horizontal

Ductile iron pipes after horizontal scraping after a period in very corrosive environment:

resistivity 1200 Ω x cm according to Dr HEIM (91) (accelerated test - 1 year- HILDEN fresh water). The galvanic action of the zinc-aluminium alloy protects the pipe even when it is damaged.

> behaviour in corrosive ground: example of a severe test carried out in highly corrosive ground (beyond the normal field of use of zinc!).

10

3 4 3- Zinc coating pipe
3
4
3- Zinc coating pipe

4- Natural pipe

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

4- Natural pipe Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Ductile iron pipes after horizontal scraping
4- Natural pipe Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Ductile iron pipes after horizontal scraping

Ductile iron pipes after horizontal scraping after a period in extremely corrosive environment: resistivity 50 Ω x cm according to Dr HEIM (91) (accelerated test -1 year- sand + seawa- ter). Galvanic protection of the damage by the zinc-aluminium alloy, retaining a far greater reserve of protection than zinc alone.

a far greater reserve of protection than zinc alone. Coating of fittings in the NATURAL range

Coating of fittings in the NATURAL range

NATURAL blue iron is a coherent range: the NATURAL pipes with STANDARD joints are used with EXPRESS or STANDARD joint fittings and accessories, for which all components (body, glands, bolts, etc.) are given reinforced coatings.

With their zinc-aluminium coating, NATURAL pipes have an extended field of use. Due to the method of manufacture (sand cast) and their complex and varied geometry, the coating used on fittings is not technically identical to that used on pipes but fittings in the NATURAL range have also benefit from a new protective layer, replacing the traditional black bituminous paint.

This new coating is formed by combining chemical treatment of the ductile iron surface and a blue epoxy coating deposited evenly by cataphoresis.

> On leaving the foundry, cast parts are carefully shot-blasted before treatment.

> The parts then undergo surface passivation (zinc phosphating) by passing through a bath.

> A layer of blue epoxy resin is then electro-deposited by cataphoresis, producing a layer of highly regular thickness (especially on the corners, etc.).

> The epoxy coating is 70 microns thick.

> Fittings coated with blue epoxy 250 µm, according to EN 14901, can be supplied.

blue epoxy 250 µm, according to EN 14901, can be supplied. Standard fitting of the NATURAL

Standard fitting of the NATURAL range

can be supplied. Standard fitting of the NATURAL range Express fitting of the NATURAL range EXPRESS

Express fitting of the NATURAL range

EXPRESS fittings are only available with cataphoresis coating. STANDARD fittings are available with cataphoresis or with epoxy 250 µm. NATURAL UNIVERSAL and TT , STANDARD and UNIVERSAL, fittings are only available with blue epoxy 250 µm.

Accessories

All parts associated with the NATURAL range are protected:

> ductile iron glands for EXPRESS joint by blue epoxy deposited by cataphoresis (70 µm),

> ductile iron bolts for EXPRESS joint by black cataphoresis epoxy (70 µm),

> ductile iron nuts for EXPRESS joint by galvanisation (70 µm),

> branch collars and valves by epoxy powder coating.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

11

The solution for potable water

The solution for potable water Centrifuged cement mortar The standard internal protection of NATURAL pipes consists

Centrifuged cement mortar

The standard internal protection of NATURAL pipes consists of a blast furnace cement mortar applied by a centrifugal process and is manufactured with potable water in accordance with the European Directive GB/33/CEE.

The centrifugal process offers the advantage of producing a compact mortar and a smooth internal surface.

This process results in the following properties: > low porosity of the mortar,

following properties: > low porosity of the mortar, > excellent adhesion of the cement, > low

> excellent adhesion of the cement,

> low surface roughness.

The internal cement improves the hydraulic flow

The internal surface of the cement mortar has low roughness, which improves flow and reduces head losses. This mortar guarantees consistent hydraulic performance over time (absence of deposits). The roughness coefficient (COLEBROOK formula) of a pipe alone is k = 0.03. In practice however, SAINT-GOBAIN PAM recommends using the value k = 0.1 when designing networks, to take into account the singular head losses of a complete pipeline.

The internal cement protects the pipeline and the potable water

> Protective mechanisms

The cement internal coating does not act as a simple barrier, but protects the ductile iron by a passivation mechanism: after being put into service, water gradually saturates the cement mortar and becomes richer in alkaline elements; on reaching the metal wall it is no longer corrosive.

> Filling of cracks

Crazing which can be seen on the surface of the mortar, even when formed during transport, storage or laying, closes up under the combined effect of two reactions:

• swelling (fast) of the cement mortar on filling with water,

• hydration (slow) of the component elements of the cement.

12

The PUR lining is available in the NATURAL range

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Special cases

European directive 98/83/CEE concerning water intended for human consumption sets water quality criteria. However, if the water transported is aggressive (hardness < 5°F) or corrosive and if the residence time in the network is abnormally long (more than several days), or if the chemical composition must not change during transit in the pipeline (mineral water), the NATURAL PUR range should be used.

Safety

Resistance to internal pressure

> In compliance with the specifications of the standard EN 545:2010, the pipes and fittings offer a significant safety margin beyond their nominal operating pressure, the PFA (Allowable Operating Pressure):

the safety factor is greater than 3.

> In addition, ductile iron does not age and retains its mechanical strength over time.

> The PFA values* of pipes and fittings in the NATURAL range comply with the standard EN 545:2010 (Appendix A) and is always greater than

sizes DN 60 to 300 and greater than 30 in sizes DN 350

40 bar in to 600.

* refer to the table on page 16 for the PFA values and the internet site.

Safe, economical laying

A buried pipeline is subject to vertical loads (weight of backfill, traffic loads) which it transmits to the ground via the trench bottom and the backfill.

Considerable forces are involved and there is an interaction between pipe and soil.

Generally, to perform their role the layers must be chosen and compacted according to:

> the pipe's ability to withstand local forces: risks of piercing or damage which could lead to cracks or create faults in the pipe wall,

> the rigidity and strength of the pipe.

Robust and strong, ductile iron pipes minimise the trench bottom and surround work, so the work involved in laying is safer and cheaper.

A safety coefficient of 3!

PFA = Design bursting pressure = 20 x e x Rm

S F

D x S F

S

F safety factor = 3

e

= minimum thickness (mm)

Rm = tensile strength = 420 MPa

D = diameter (mm)

PFA = allowable operating pressure (bar)

= diameter (mm) PFA = allowable operating pressure (bar) Unstable ground 13 The pipeline layout may

Unstable ground

PFA = allowable operating pressure (bar) Unstable ground 13 The pipeline layout may include soft or

13

The pipeline layout may include soft or unstable ground (marshy areas, subsidence caused by pumping ground water, mining ground, consolidation of road backfill, etc.). Pipelines must adapt to the ground movements and be able to withstand the mechanical stresses applied during these movements. Within their limits of angular deflection and withdrawal, the STANDARD socket joints allow the pipeline to adapt to the deformations imposed by the ground movements.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Joints

Joints 14 Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Choice of elastomers The EPDM elastomers used
Joints 14 Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Choice of elastomers The EPDM elastomers used
Joints 14 Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Choice of elastomers The EPDM elastomers used

14

Joints 14 Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Choice of elastomers The EPDM elastomers used

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

Joints 14 Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition Choice of elastomers The EPDM elastomers used

Choice of elastomers

The EPDM elastomers used for the joints gaskets are fully compatible with the transport of potable water, and are selected by SAINT-GOBAIN PAM according to strict criteria taking into account their intrinsic physico-chemical characteristics and their durability over time. They ensure that the joints in the system are completely tight to internal and external pressures throughout the lifetime of the main. The joint gaskets comply with standard NF EN 681-1

The STANDARD joint

The STANDARD joint is a push-fit joint. Watertightness is produced by compression of the elastomeric gasket during assembly by insertion of the spigot in the socket. The joint is designed (servo-action) so that the contact pressure between the elastomer and the ductile iron increases as the pressure in the main increases. During a destructive pressure test, the pipe will burst before the joint leaks.

The EXPRESS joint

The EXPRESS joint is a mechanical joint. Watertightness is achieved via radial compression of an elastomer joint gasket, using a gland tightened by ductile iron bolts. Little force is required to assemble the EXPRESS joint. Orientation and final positioning of the fitting are easy before tightening the bolts, making this joint highly appreciated in cramped conditions and during maintenance work.

Flexible joints

The STANDARD and EXPRESS joints can tolerate a high degree of angular deflection,

to negotiate large radius curves without the need for fittings and adapt to any changes in layout. Combined with the end play, these joints can also absorb ground movements or expansions of small amplitude.

The angular deflection of STANDARD joints increases from 3° to 4° in the range DN 350 to 600!

Self-anchored joints

The Vi solution for self-restrained pipelines

Self-anchored pipe and fitting joints (STANDARD Vi and EXPRESS Vi) can be used to produce self-restrained ductile iron pipelines.

This represents an attractive solution when construction of concrete thrust blocks would be difficult (land with poor cohesion, risk of future excavation work, problems of space) or when this would delay the project.

The advantage of STANDARD Vi and EXPRESS Vi joints is that they can be fitted on any pipe or any fitting in the NATURAL range.

The STANDARD Vi joint gasket for anchoring

The STANDARD Vi self-anchored joint gasket and the STANDARD joint gasket have the same shape and fit in the same pipe socket. The STANDARD Vi gasket, however, has metal inserts which bite onto the spigot of the inserted pipe after assembly and pressurisation.

It can be used from DN 60 to 600 for pipes and fittings.

The STANDARD Vi range is now available up to DN 600

UNIVERSAL

extreme pressures

When the network operating pressures exceed the performance of the STANDARD Vi or EXPRESS Vi systems, UNIVERSAL anchoring must be used.

and

Standard

for

anchoring

at

very

high

Adduction et distribution d’eau potable Solutions de verrouillage des canalisations en fonte ductile Système
Adduction et distribution
d’eau potable
Solutions de verrouillage
des canalisations
en fonte ductile
Système complet de canalisations
en fonte ductile
Nouveautés
staNdard vi dN 350 à 600
Natural uNiversal dN 80 à 600
uNiversal ve dN 700 à 1200
en fonte ductile Nouveautés staNdard vi dN 350 à 600 Natural uNiversal dN 80 à 600

For more information about our self-anchoring solutions, please see our SELF-ANCHORING brochure

solutions, please see our SELF-ANCHORING brochure In the UNIVERSAL range, sealing and restraint are achieved
solutions, please see our SELF-ANCHORING brochure In the UNIVERSAL range, sealing and restraint are achieved

In the UNIVERSAL range, sealing and restraint are achieved in two separate chambers, in order to reach unequalled performance levels.

UNIVERSAL Vi for very high pressures

Anchoring is obtained by a system of inserts housed in

a chamber located upstream from the sealing chamber.

UNIVERSAL Ve for extreme pressures

Anchoring is obtained by a system comprising a metal ring housed in a chamber, located upstream from the sealing chamber, which presses against a metal bead on the spigot of the pipe or fitting.

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

The NATURAL UNIVERSAL Vi range now includes DN 80 to 600

The NATURAL UNIVERSAL Ve range now includes DN 100 to 600

NATURAL UNIVERSAL Vi range now includes DN 80 to 600 The NATURAL UNIVERSAL Ve range now
NATURAL UNIVERSAL Vi range now includes DN 80 to 600 The NATURAL UNIVERSAL Ve range now

15

Performance

Performance NEW 545:2010 EN 2531:2009 ISO DN 700 to 1000 please consult our sales and technical
NEW 545:2010 EN 2531:2009 ISO
NEW
545:2010
EN 2531:2009
ISO

DN 700 to 1000 please consult our sales and technical sales teams

STANDARD and EXPRESS joints - STANDARD Vi and EXPRESS Vi joints

 

Standard

Express

Standard Vi

Express Vi

 

anchoring

anchoring

DN

Class

PFA*

Deflection

PFA*

Deflection

PFA*

Deflection

PFA*

Deflection

 

(bar)

(degree)

(bar)

(degree)

(bar)

(degree)

(bar)

(degree)

60

C40

40

5

40

5

22

5

22

4

80

C40

40

5

40

5

16

5

16

4

100

C40

40

5

40

5

16

5

16

4

125

C40

40

5

40

5

16

5

16

4

150

C40

40

5

40

5

16

5

16

4

200

C40

40

5

40

4

16

4

16

3

250

C40

40

5

40

4

16

4

16

3

300

C40

40

5

40

4

16

3

16

3

350

C30

30

4

25

3

16

3

-

-

400

C30

30

4

25

3

16

2

-

-

450

C30

30

4

25

3

13

2

-

-

500

C30

30

4

25

3

11

2

-

-

600

C30

30

4

25

3

10

2

-

-

* For applications at pressures greater than the allowable operating pressures (PFA) indicated, use Universal pipes or contact us.

16

UNIVERSAL Vi and Ve joints

 

Universal Vi

Universal Ve

 

Universal

anchoring

anchoring

DN

Class

PFA

Deflection

PFA

Deflection

PFA

Deflection

 

(bar)

(degree)

(bar)

(degree)

(bar)

(degree)

80

C100

64

3

60

3

-

-

100

C100

64

3

56

3

64

3

125

C64

64

3

52

3

64

3

150

C64

64

3

48

3

60

3

200

C64

64

3

43

3

52

3

250

C50

50

3

39

3

46

3

300

C50

50

3

34

3

41

3

350

C40

40

3

25

3

38

3

400

C40

40

3

20

3

35

3

450

C40

40

3

16

3

32

3

500

C40

40

3

16

2

30

3

600

C40

40

2

16

2

30

2

Flanged joints

They are fitted on the one or more ends of some fittings (Tee branches, Flanged socket, Flanged spigot) to allow connection to flanged devices. SAINT-GOBAIN PAM offers for the NATURAL range:

> adjustable flanges for the fittings,

> metal-reinforced gaskets.

NEW 545:2010 EN 2531:2009 ISO
NEW
545:2010
EN 2531:2009
ISO

New range NATURAL UNIVERSAL Pipes and fittings

DN 700 to 1000 please consult our sales and technical

sales teams UNIVERSAL Ve

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

NATURAL, a complete range

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM offers a comprehensive solution to build complete ductile iron pipeline systems dedicated to the supply of drinking water, irrespective of your site configuration.

Products in the NATURAL range

 

Natural

Natural

Natural PUR

Standard TT

Natural Universal

Universal TT

Field of use

All soils excluding exceptions

Aggressive

Aggressive

High

High pressures

waters

soils

pressures

Aggressive soils

Junction

Standard

Express

Standard

Standard

Universal

Universal

Pipe

DN 60 - 600

DN 100, 150, 200, 250, 300

DN 100 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 80 - 600 Uni Vi - Uni Ve

DN 80 - 600 Uni Vi - Uni Ve

Bend

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 80 - 600

Taper

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 100 - 600

Collar

-

DN 60 - 600

 

-

 

-

Tee with

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 80 - 600

2 sockets

PN10, PN16, PN25

PN10, PN16, PN25

PN10, PN16, PN25

PN10, PN16, PN25

Tee 3 E

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 100 - 300

Washout

       

Tee

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

 

-

Flanged

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 80 - 600

socket

Flanged

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600 Not self-anchored, Std Vi et Uni Vi - Self-anchored: Uni Ve

spigot

Blank

   

flange

DN 60 - 600

 

DN 60 - 600

 

Reduction

DN 100 - 600

 

DN 100 - 600

 

plate

PN10, PN16, PN25

PN10, PN16, PN25

Non self-

       

anchored joint

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 600

DN 80 - 600

self-anchored

       

DN 80 - 600 Uni Vi - Uni Ve

joint

DN 60 - 600

DN 60 - 300

PCU*

DN 60 - 600

Special coatings for extreme situations

PUR

NATURAL

lining

Special coatings for extreme situations PUR NATURAL lining TT-PE coating Connecting and repair pieces • connection

TT-PE coating

Connecting and repair pieces

• connection sleeve LINK GS

• flange adapters QUICK GS PFA 10 and 16 bar

• flange adapters QUICK GS self-anchored PFA 16 bar

• very large tolerance connection sleeve UltraLINK NG

• very large tolerance flange adapters UltraLINK NG

Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition

UltraLINK NG Saint-Gobain PAM - NATURAL - 2011 Edition * PCU: please contact us For further

*PCU: please contact us

For further information about the PAM NATURAL range, please visit the site www.pamline.com and contact your sales agent.

17

The drawings, illustrations and weights shown in this document are not contractual. SAINT-GOBAIN PAM reserves the right to change the characteristics of its products to improve them, without notice.

Saint-Gobain PAM Marketing department- 10/2011 - NAT-CAT-26F.

www.pamline.com

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM Head Office 91, avenue de la Libération 54000 Nancy

Marketing Department 21, avenue Camille Cavallier 54705 Pont-à-Mousson CEDEX France tel : +33 (0)3 83 80 73 50

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM worldwide

ALGERIA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM ALGERIE Z.I. Sidi Abdelkader-Ben Boulaid - BP 538 09000 - BLIDA - Algeria Phone: + 213 (0) 25 36 00 60

ARGENTINA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM ARGENTINA Bouchard y Enz

1836 - LLAVALLOL - BUENOS AIRES -

Argentina Phone: + 54 11 42 98 9600

AUSTRALIA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM 15 Edgars Road THOMASTOWN VIC 3074 - Australia Tel : + 61 (0) 3 9358 6122

AUSTRIA

SAINT-GOBAIN GUSSROHRVERTRIEB ÖSTERREICH GmbH Archenweg, 52 A-6020 INNSBRUCK - Austria Phone: + 43 512 341 717-0

BELGIUM

SAINT-GOBAIN PIPE SYSTEMS Raatshovenstraat, n°2 B-3400 - LANDEN - Belgium Phone: + 32 11 88 01 20

BRAZIL

SAINT-GOBAIN CANALIZACAO LTDA Praia de Botafogo 440 7° andar 22250-040 - RIO DE JANEIRO - RJ - Brazil Phone: + 55 21 2128 1677

CHILE

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM CHILE Antillanca Norte 600 Parque Industrial Vespucio, Comuna de Pudahuel SANTIAGO DE CHILE - Chile Phone: + 562 444 13 00

CHINA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM CHINA (SHANGAI)

1812 Ocean Tower

550 Yan'An East Road - SHANGAI 200001

- China

Phone: + 86 21 6361 2165

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM CHINA (XUZHOU) DongJiao Yangzhuang PC 221004 - XUZHOU Jiangsu Province - China Phone: + 86 516 8787 8107

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM CHINA (MAANSHAN) Hua Gong Road Cihu PC 243052 - MAANSHAN Anhui Province

- China

Phone: + 86 555 350 8040

COLOMBIA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM COLOMBIA Terminal terrestre de carga de Bogota Etapa 1, Bodega 9, Modulo 3 Km 3,5 costado sur autopista - Medellin COTA CUNDINAMARCA - Colombia Phone: + 57 (1) 841 5832

CZECH REPUBLIC

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM CZ s.r.o. Počernická 272/96

108 03 Praha 10 - Czech Republic

Phone: + 420 311 712 611

FINLAND

SAINT-GOBAIN PIPE SYSTEMS OY Nuijamiestentie 3A FIN-00400 - HELSINKI - Finland Phone: + 358 207 424 600

FRANCE & DOM-TOM

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM (HEAD OFFICE)

91 Avenue de la Libération

54076 NANCY CEDEX - France

Phone: +33 3 83 95 20 00

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM (France Commercial Department)

CRD – Chemin de Blénod – B.P. 109

54704 PONT A MOUSSON CEDEX - France

Phone: +33 3 83 80 73 00

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM (Europe and International Commercial Departments)

21 avenue Camille Cavallier

54705 - PONT A MOUSSON CEDEX - France

Phone: + 33 3 83 80 73 50

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM (Local Agency of The Antilles) Rue Alfred Lumière - ZI de Jarry - BP 2104

97122 - BAIE MAHAULT - Guadeloupe

Phone: + 33 590 26 71 46

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM (Local Agency of Indian Ocean)

16, Rue Claude Chappe - ZAC 2000

97420 - LE PORT - Reunion Island

Phone: + 33 262 55 15 34

GERMANY

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM DEUTSCHLAND Saarbrucker Strasse 51

66130 - SAARBRUCKEN - Germany

Phone: + 49 681 87 010

GREECE

SAINT-GOBAIN HELLAS A.B.E.E. 5 Kleisouras STR., GR 14452 METAMORFOSIS - ATHENS - Greece Tel : + 30 210 6147500

HONG KONG

SAINT-GOBAIN PIPELINES H15/F Hermes Commercial Centre - 4-4A Hillwood Road TSIM SHA TSUI - KOWLOON - Hong Kong Phone: + 852 27 35 78 26

INDIA

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM Grindwell Norton Ltd 5th Level, Leela Business Park - Andheri- Kurla Road MUMBAI - 400059 - India Phone: + 91 22 402 12 121

ITALY

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM ITALIA SPA Via Romagnoli n°6 I-20146 - MILAN - Italy

Phone: + 39 02 42 431

JORDAN

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM REGIONAL OFFICE Abu Zaid Center - Office # 8

35 Saad Bin Abi Waqqas St, - PO BOX

831000

11183 AMMAN - Jordan

Phone: + 962 6 551 4438

MOROCCO

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM MOROCCO 2 allée des figuiers - Ain Sebâa Casablanca - Morocco

Phone: + 213 25392914/15

MEXICO

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM MEXICO HORACIO 1855-502 - Colonia Los Morales - Polanco

11510 - MEXICO D.F. - Mexico

Phone: + 52 55 5279 1657

11510 - MEXICO D.F. - Mexico Phone: + 52 55 5279 1657 NETHERLANDS SAINT-GOBAIN PIPE SYSTEMS

NETHERLANDS

SAINT-GOBAIN PIPE SYSTEMS

Markerkant 10-17

1316 AB ALMERE - Nederland

Phone: + 31 36 53 333 44

NORWAY

SAINT-GOBAIN BYGGEVARER AS Divisjon PAM Norge

Brobekkveien 84

0582 OSLO - Norway

Phone: + 47 23 17 58 60

PERU

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM PERU

Avenida de los Faisanes N° 157 - Chorillos LIMA 09 - Peru Phone: + 511 252 40 34/35

POLAND

SAINT-GOBAIN CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS POLSKA SP Z.O.O. - PAM BUSINESS UNIT UI. Cybernetyki 21 PL-02-677 WARSZAWA - Poland Phone: + 48 22 751 41 72

PORTUGAL

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM PORTUGAL

Est. Nac. 10 - Lugar de D. Pedro -Apartado

1708

P-2691-901 - SANTA IRIA DE AZOIA - Portugal

Phone: + 351 218 925 000

ROMANIA

SAINT-GOBAIN CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS ROMANIA S.R.L. - PAM BUSINESS UNIT Str. Tipografilor nr.11-15, Corp B4, Etaj 3, Birourile 323-338, Sector 1, BUCHAREST - Romania Phone: + 40 21 207 57 37

SLOVAKIA

SAINT-GOBAIN CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS, S.R.O. - PAM BUSINESS UNIT Stara Vajnorska 139 83104 - BRATISLAVA - Slovakia Phone: + 421 265 45 69 61

SOUTH AFRICA

SAINT-GOBAIN CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS - PAM BUSINESS UNIT N1 Business Park Corner Olievenhoutbosch Road & Old Johannesburg Road - Samrand PO BOX 700 Germiston - South Africa 1400 Phone: +27 12 657 2800

SPAIN

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM ESPANA SA Paseo de la Castellana n°77 - Edificio Ederra - Planta 10 E-28046 - MADRID - Spain Phone: + 34 91 397 20 00

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM PO BOX 47102 - Building N° 1092 - Villa N° 7 Muroor Road - ABU DHABI - United Arab Emirates Phone: + 971 2 448 20 10

UNITED KINGDOM

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM UK Lows Lane - Stanton-by-Dale ILLKESTON - DERBYSHIRE - DE7 4QU United Kingdom Phone: + 44 115 930 5000

VIETNAM

SAINT-GOBAIN PAM 17 Ngo Gia Thieu, Ward 7 - District 3 HO CHI MINH CITY - Vietnam Phone: +84 8 393 07273