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Mark Scheme (Results)

January 2007

GCE

GCE Mathematics

Core Mathematics C4 (6666)

Edexcel Limited. Registered in England and Wales No. 4496750


Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH
January 2007
6666 Core Mathematics C4
Mark Scheme
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
** represents a constant
−2 −2 Takes 2 outside the
⎛ 5x ⎞ 1 ⎛ 5x ⎞
= ( 2)
−2 −2
1. f(x) = (2 − 5x) ⎜1 − 2 ⎟ = ⎜1 − bracket to give any of B1
⎝ ⎠ 4⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ (2)-2 or 41 .

Expands (1 + * * x )−2 to
give an
M1
unsimplified
⎧ ( −2)( −3) ( −2)( −3)( −4) ⎫ 1 + ( −2)(* * x) ;
= 41 ⎨1 + ( −2)(* * x); + (* * x)2 + (* * x)3 + ...
⎩ 2! 3! ⎭
A correct unsimplified
{..........} expansion A1
with candidate’s
(* * x )

⎧ ( −2)( −3) − 5x 2 ( −2)( −3)( −4) − 5x 3 ⎫


= 41 ⎨1 + ( −2)( − 25x ); + ( 2 ) + ( 2 ) + ...⎬
⎩ 2! 3! ⎭

⎧ 75x 2 125x 3 ⎫
= 41 ⎨1 + 5x; + + + ...⎬
⎩ 4 2 ⎭

Anything that
1 5x 75x 2 125x 3 cancels to 1 + 5x ; A1;
= + ;+ + + ... 4 4
4 4 16 8
Simplified 75x 2
16
+ 125x 3
8 A1

1 1 11 2 5
= + 1 x; + 4 x + 15 x 3 + ...
4 4 16 8
[5]

5 marks

1
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
1. f(x) = (2 − 5x)−2
Way 2
or (2)−2 B1
1
4

Expands (2 − 5x)−2 to
give an M1
⎧ −2 −3 ( −2)( −3) −4 ⎫ unsimplifed
⎪(2) + ( −2)(2) (* * x); + (2) (* * x)2 ⎪
⎪ 2! ⎪ (2) + ( −2)(2)−3 (* * x) ;
−2
=⎨ ⎬
⎪ ( −2)( −3)( −4) ⎪
+ (2)−5 (* * x)3 + ...
⎪⎩ 3! ⎪⎭ A correct unsimplified
{..........} expansion A1
with candidate’s
(* * x )

⎧ −2 −3 ( −2)( −3) −4 ⎫
⎪⎪(2) + ( −2)(2) ( −5x); + 2!
(2) ( −5x)2 ⎪

=⎨ ⎬
⎪ ( −2)( −3)( −4) ⎪
+ (2)−5 ( −5x)3 + ...
⎩⎪ 3! ⎭⎪

⎧⎪ 41 + ( −2)( 81 )( −5x); + (3)( 161 )(25x 2 )⎫⎪


=⎨ ⎬
⎪⎩ + ( −4)( 161 )( −125x 3 ) + ... ⎪⎭

Anything that
1 5x 75x 2 125x 3 cancels to 1 + 5x ; A1;
= + ;+ + + ... 4 4
4 4 16 8
Simplified 75x 2
16
+ 125x 3
8 A1

1 1 11 2 5
= + 1 x; + 4 x + 15 x 3 + ...
4 4 16 8
[5]

5 marks

Attempts using Maclaurin expansions need to be referred to your team leader.

2
Question
Scheme Marks
Number


1 1
2
⎛ ⎞ π Use of V = π y 2 dx .
2 2

∫ ∫
1 1
2. (a) Volume = π ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ dx = dx B1
− 41 ⎝
3 (1 + 2x ) ⎠ 9
− 41
(1 + 2x )
2

Can be implied. Ignore limits.

1 Moving their power to the top.


⎛π⎞
2

∫ (1 + 2x )
−2 (Do not allow power of -1.)
=⎜ ⎟ dx
⎝9⎠ Can be implied. M1
− 41
Ignore limits and 9π

⎛ π ⎞ ⎡ (1 + 2x) ⎤
−1 2 Integrating to give ±p(1 + 2x)−1 M1
= ⎜ ⎟⎢ ⎥
⎝ 9 ⎠ ⎣⎢ ( −1)(2) ⎦⎥ − 1 − 21 (1 + 2x)−1 A1
4

⎛π⎞ 1

= ⎜ ⎟ ⎡ − 21 (1 + 2x)−1 ⎤ 1
2

⎝9⎠⎣ ⎦ −4

⎛ π ⎞ ⎡⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎤
= ⎜ ⎟ ⎢⎜ ⎟−⎜ ⎟⎥
⎝ 9 ⎠ ⎣⎢⎝ 2(2) ⎠ ⎝ 2( 21 ) ⎠ ⎦⎥

⎛π⎞
= ⎜ ⎟ ⎡⎣ − 41 − ( −1)⎤⎦
⎝9⎠

Use of limits to give exact


π
= values of A1 aef
12 π
or 36 or 224π or aef

12

[5]
(b) From Fig.1, AB = 1
2
− (− 1
4 )= 3
4
units

As 3
4
units ≡ 3cm

3
then scale factor k = = 4.
( 34 )

⎛ π ⎞
Hence Volume of paperweight = ( 4 ) ⎜ ⎟ ( 4 ) × (their answer to part (a)) M1
3 3

⎝ 12 ⎠

16π 16 π
or awrt 16.8
V= cm3 = 16.75516... cm3 3
A1
3 or 6412π or aef
[2]

7 marks
π
Note: 9
(or implied) is not needed for the middle three marks of question 2(a).

3
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter


1 1
2
⎛ ⎞ Use of V = π y 2 dx .
2 2

∫ ∫
1 1
2. (a) Volume = π ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ dx = π dx B1
− 41 ⎝
3 (1 + 2x ) ⎠ − 41
( 3 + 6x )
2

Can be implied. Ignore limits.


Way 2
1
2
Moving their power to the top.
= ( π)
∫ (3 + 6x )
−2
dx (Do not allow power of -1.)
M1
Can be implied.
− 41
Ignore limits and π

Integrating to give ±p(3 + 6x)−1


1

⎡ (3 + 6x)−1 ⎤ 2 M1
= ( π) ⎢ ⎥ −1
⎣ ( −1)(6) ⎦ − 1 − 61 (3 + 6x) A1
4

= ( π ) ⎡ − 61 (3 + 6x)−1 ⎤ 1
2

⎣ ⎦ −4

⎡⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎤
= ( π ) ⎢⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ 3 ⎟⎥
⎣⎢⎝ 6(6) ⎠ ⎝ 6( 2 ) ⎠ ⎦⎥

= ( π ) ⎡⎣ − 361 − ( − 91 )⎤⎦

Use of limits to give exact


π
= values of A1 aef
12 π
or 36 or 224π or aef

12

[5]

Note: π is not needed for the middle three marks of question 2(a).

4
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
3. (a) x = 7 cos t − cos 7t , y = 7 sin t − sin7t ,
Attempt to differentiate x and y
with respect to t to give
dx dy dx
in the form ± A sin t ± B sin7t M1
= − 7 sin t + 7 sin 7t , = 7 cos t − 7 cos 7t dt
dt dt dy
in the form ±C cos t ± D cos 7t
dt
dx dy
Correct dt
and dt A1

dy 7 cos t − 7 cos 7t dy
∴ = Candidate’s dt
B1
dx −7 sin t + 7 sin 7t dx
dt

[3]

(b) π dy 7 cos 6π − 7 cos 76π Substitutes t = π


or 30o into their
When t = , m(T) = = ; 6
6 dx −7 sin 6π + 7 sin 76π dy M1
dx
expression;

( )
to give any of the four underlined
7 3
− − 7 23 7 3
=
2
= = − 3 = awrt − 1.73 expressions oe A1 cso
− 72 − 72 −7 (must be correct solution only)

−1 1 Uses m(T) to ‘correctly’ find


Hence m(N) = or = awrt 0.58 m(N). Can be ft from “their A1 oe.
− 3 3 tangent gradient”.

When t = 6π ,
(
The point 4 3, 4 )
x = 7 cos 6π − cos 76π = 7 3
− − ( )= 3 8 3
=4 3 B1
or ( awrt 6.9, 4 )
2 2 2

y = 7 sin − sin π
6

6
= 7
2
− (− 1
2 )= 8
2
=4

Finding an equation of a normal


N: y − 4 = 1
3 (x − 4 3 ) with their point and their normal M1
gradient or finds c by using
y = (their gradient)x + " c " .

Correct simplified
EXACT equation of normal. A1 oe
N: y = 1
3
x or y= 3
3
x or 3y = 3x This is dependent on candidate
(
using correct 4 3 , 4 )
or 4 = 1
3 (4 3 ) + c ⇒ c=4−4 = 0

Hence N: y = 1
3
x or y = 3
3
x or 3y = 3x
[6]
9 marks

5
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
3. (a) x = 7 cos t − cos 7t , y = 7 sin t − sin7t ,
Way 2 Attempt to differentiate x and y
with respect to t to give dx
dt
in the
dx
= − 7 sin t + 7 sin 7t ,
dy
= 7 cos t − 7 cos 7t form ± A sin t ± B sin7t M1
dt dt dy
dt
in theform ±C cos t ± D cos 7t
Correct dxdt
and dy
dt
A1
dy 7cos t − 7 cos7t −7( −2 sin 4t sin3t)
dy
= = = tan 4t Candidate’s dt
B1
dx −7 sin t + 7 sin7t −7(2cos 4t sin3t) dx
dt

[3]

(b) Substitutes t = π
or 30o into their
π dy 6
When t = , m(T) = = tan 46π ;
6 dx dy
dx
expression; M1

=
2 ( ) (1)
2
3

= − 3 = awrt − 1.73
to give any of the three underlined
2 ( − 21 ) (1) expressions oe A1 cso
(must be correct solution only)

−1 1 Uses m(T) to ‘correctly’ find


Hence m(N) = or = awrt 0.58 m(N). Can be ft from “their A1 oe.
− 3 3 tangent gradient”.

When t = 6π ,
The point 4 3, 4 ( )
x = 7 cos 6π − cos 76π = 7 3
− − ( )= 3 8 3
=4 3 B1
or ( awrt 6.9, 4 )
2 2 2

y = 7 sin 6π − sin 76π = 7


2
− ( − 21 ) = 8
2
=4

Finding an equation of a normal


N: y − 4 = 1
3 (x − 4 3 ) with their point and their normal M1
gradient or finds c by using
y = (their gradient)x + " c " .

Correct simplified
EXACT equation of normal. A1 oe
N: y = 1
3
x or y= 3
3
x or 3y = 3x This is dependent on candidate
(
using correct 4 3 , 4 )
or 4 = 1
3 (4 3 ) + c ⇒ c=4−4 = 0

Hence N: y = 1
3
x or y = 3
3
x or 3y = 3x
[6]
9 marks

6
Beware: A candidate finding an m(T) = 0 can obtain A1ft for m(N) → ∞ , but
obtains M0 if they write y − 4 = ∞(x − 4 3 ) . If they write, however, N: x = 4 3 ,
then they can score M1.

Beware: A candidate finding an m(T) = ∞ can obtain A1ft for m(N) = 0, and also
obtains M1 if they write y − 4 = 0(x − 4 3 ) or y = 4.

7
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

2x − 1 A B
4. (a) ≡ +
(x − 1)(2x − 3) (x − 1) (2x − 3)

Forming this identity.


2x − 1 ≡ A(2x − 3) + B(x − 1) NB: A & B are not assigned in M1
this question
Let x = 32 , 2 = B ( 21 ) ⇒ B=4

either one of A = − 1 or B = 4 . A1
Let x = 1, 1 = A ( −1) ⇒ A = −1
both correct for their A, B. A1

−1 4
giving +
(x − 1) (2x − 3)
[3]

(2x − 1)
∫ ∫
dy Separates variables as shown
(b) & (c) = dx B1
y (2x − 3)(x − 1) Can be implied

−1
∫ (x − 1) + (2x − 3) dx
4 Replaces RHS with their partial
=
fraction to be integrated. M1

At least two terms in ln’s M1


∴ ln y = − ln(x − 1) + 2ln(2x − 3) + c At least two ln terms correct A1
All three terms correct and ‘+ c’ A1
[5]

y = 10, x = 2 gives c = ln10 c = ln10 B1

∴ ln y = − ln(x − 1) + 2ln(2x − 3) + ln10

ln y = − ln(x − 1) + ln(2x − 3)2 + ln10 Using the power law for


M1
logarithms

⎛ (2x − 3)2 ⎞
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟ + ln10 or Using the product and/or quotient
⎝ (x − 1) ⎠ laws for logarithms to obtain a
M1
⎛ 10(2x − 3)2 ⎞ single RHS logarithmic term
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟ with/without constant c.
⎝ (x − 1) ⎠

10(2x − 3)2 10(2x − 3)2


y= y= or aef. isw A1 aef
(x − 1) (x − 1)
[4]

12 marks

8
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
(2x − 1)
∫y ∫ (2x − 3)(x − 1) dx
4. dy Separates variables as shown
= B1
(b) & (c) Can be implied
Way 2
−1

4 Replaces RHS with their partial
= + dx M1
(x − 1) (2x − 3) fraction to be integrated.

At least two terms in ln’s M1


∴ ln y = − ln(x − 1) + 2ln(2x − 3) + c At least two ln terms correct A1
All three terms correct and ‘+ c’ A1

See below for the award of B1 decide to award B1 here!! B1

Using the power law for


ln y = − ln(x − 1) + ln(2x − 3)2 + c M1
logarithms

Using the product and/or quotient


⎛ (2x − 3)2 ⎞ laws for logarithms to obtain a
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟+c M1
⎝ x −1 ⎠ single RHS logarithmic term
with/without constant c.

⎛ A(2x − 3)2 ⎞
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟ where c = ln A
⎝ x −1 ⎠

⎛ (2x − 3)2 ⎞ ⎛ (2x − 3)2 ⎞


ln⎜ +c
⎜ x − 1 ⎟⎟
ln⎜
⎜ x − 1 ⎟⎟
or e ln y
=e ⎝ ⎠
=e ⎝ ⎠
ec

A(2x − 3)2
y =
(x − 1)

y = 10, x = 2 gives A = 10
award
A = 10 for B1
above

10(2x − 3)2 10(2x − 3)2


y= y= or aef & isw A1 aef
(x − 1) (x − 1)
[5] & [4]

Note: The B1 mark (part (c)) should be awarded in the same place on ePEN as in the
Way 1 approach.

9
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
(2x − 1)
∫y ∫ (2x − 3)(x − 1) dx
dy Separates variables as shown Can
(b) & (c) = B1
be implied
Way 3
−1

2 Replaces RHS with their partial
= + dx M1
(x − 1) (x − 32 ) fraction to be integrated.

At least two terms in ln’s M1


∴ ln y = − ln(x − 1) + 2ln(x − 32 ) + c At least two ln terms correct A1
All three terms correct and ‘+ c’ A1
[5]

y = 10, x = 2 gives c = ln10 − 2ln ( 21 ) = ln 40 c = ln10 − 2ln ( 21 ) or c = ln 40 B1 oe

∴ ln y = − ln(x − 1) + 2ln(x − 32 ) + ln 40

ln y = − ln(x − 1) + ln(x − 32 )2 + ln10 Using the power law for


M1
logarithms

⎛ (x − 32 )2 ⎞
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟ + ln 40 or Using the product and/or quotient
⎝ (x − 1) ⎠ laws for logarithms to obtain a
M1
⎛ 40(x − 32 )2 ⎞ single RHS logarithmic term
ln y = ln ⎜ ⎟ with/without constant c.
⎝ (x − 1) ⎠

40(x − 32 )2 40(x − 32 )2
y= y= or aef. isw A1 aef
(x − 1) (x − 1)
[4]

Note: Please mark parts (b) and (c) together for any of the three ways.

10
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

5. (a) sin x + cos y = 0.5 ( eqn ∗ )

⎧ dy ⎫ Differentiates implicitly to include


dy
=⎬ cos x − sin y =0

⎩ dx ⎭ dx
( eqn # )
± sin y
dy
dx
. (Ignore ( dy
dx )
= .)
M1

dy cos x cos x
= A1 cso
dx sin y sin y
[2]

Candidate realises that they need


to solve ‘their numerator’ = 0
dy cos x
(b) =0 ⇒ = 0 ⇒ cos x = 0 …or candidate sets ddyx = 0 in their M1
dx sin y
(eqn #) and attempts to solve the
resulting equation.

both x = − 2π , π
or x = ±90o or
giving x = − 2π or x = π
2
2
A1
awrt x = ± 1.57 required here

When x = − 2π , sin ( − 2π ) + cos y = 0.5 Substitutes either their


When x = , sin (
π
2
π
2 ) + cos y = 0.5 x= π
2
or x = − 2π into eqn ∗ M1

⇒ cos y = 1.5 ⇒ y has no solutions Only one of y = 2π


3
or − 23π or 120o
A1
⇒ cos y = − 0.5 ⇒ y = 23π or − 23π or −120° or awrt -2.09 or awrt 2.09

Only exact coordinates of


In specified range ( x, y ) = ( 2π , 23π ) and ( 2π , − 23π ) ( 2π , 23π ) and ( 2π , − 23π ) A1

Do not award this mark if


candidate states other
coordinates inside
the required range.
[5]

7 marks

11
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

6. y = 2x = e x ln 2

dy dy
(a) = ln 2.e x ln2 = ln 2.e x ln2 M1
dx dx
Way 1
dy
Hence = ln 2.(2x ) = 2x ln 2 AG 2x ln 2 AG A1 cso
dx
[2]
Aliter
(a) ln y = ln 2x ( ) leads to ln y = x ln 2 Takes logs of both sides, then uses
the power law of logarithms…
Way 2 M1
1 dy … and differentiates implicitly to
= ln 2
y dx give 1y dy
dx
= ln 2

dy
Hence = y ln 2 = 2x ln 2 AG 2x ln 2 AG A1 cso
dx
[2]
2
Ax 2 ( x )
M1
dy
y=2
2 2
(b) (x )
⇒ = 2x. 2 ( x ).ln 2 2
2x. 2 ( x ).ln 2
dx A1
or 2x. y.ln 2 if y is defined

dy
Substitutes x = 2 into their
dy dx
When x = 2, = 2(2) 2 4 ln 2 M1
dx which is of the form ± k 2( x2 )

2
or Ax 2 ( x )

dy
= 64 ln 2 = 44.3614... 64ln 2 or awrt 44.4 A1
dx
[4]

6 marks

12
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
6. (b) ( )
ln y = ln 2x
2
leads to ln y = x 2 ln 2
Way 2
1 dy
= Ax.ln 2 M1
1 dy y dx
= 2x.ln 2
y dx 1 dy
= 2x.ln 2 A1
y dx

dy
Substitutes x = 2 into their
dy dx
When x = 2, = 2(2) 2 4 ln 2 M1
dx which is of the form ± k 2( x2 )

2
or Ax 2 ( x )

dy
= 64 ln 2 = 44.3614... 64ln 2 or awrt 44.4 A1
dx

[4]

13
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
uuur uuur
7. a = OA = 2i + 2 j + k ⇒ OA = 3
uuur uuur
b = OB = i + j − 4 k ⇒ OB = 18
uuur uuur
BC = ± ( 2i + 2 j + k ) ⇒ BC = 3
uuur uuur
AC = ± ( i + j − 4 k ) ⇒ AC = 18

uuur
(a) c = OC = 3i + 3 j − 3k 3i + 3 j − 3k B1 cao
[1]

(b)
⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞
uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
OA • OB = ⎜ 2 ⎟ • ⎜ 1 ⎟ = 2 + 2 − 4 = 0 or…
⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ −4 ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
⎛ −1⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ An attempt to take the dot product
uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ uuur uuur
BO • BC = ⎜ −1⎟ • ⎜ 2 ⎟ = −2 − 2 + 4 = 0 or… between either OA and OB
⎜ 4 ⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ uuur uuur uuur uuur M1
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ OA and AC , AC and BC
uuur uuur
⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ or OB and BC
uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
AC • BC = ⎜ 1 ⎟ • ⎜ 2 ⎟ = 2 + 2 − 4 = 0 or…
⎜ −4 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ Showing the result is equal to zero. A1
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠
⎛ −2 ⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞
uuur uuur ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟
AO • AC = ⎜ −2 ⎟ • ⎜ 1 ⎟ = −2 − 2 + 4 = 0
⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ −4 ⎟
⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

and therefore OA is perpendicular to OB and perpendicular and


A1 cso
hence OACB is a rectangle. OACB is a rectangle

Using distance formula to find


M1
either the correct height or width.
Multiplying the rectangle’s
Area = 3 × 18 = 3 18 = 9 2 M1
height by its width.
exact value of
A1
3 18 , 9 2 , 162 or aef
[6]
uuur
(c) OD = d = 1
2 ( 3i + 3 j − 3k ) 1
2 ( 3i + 3 j − 3k ) B1
[1]

14
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
using dot product formula
uuur uuur
DA = ± ( 21 i + 21 j + 52 k ) & DC = ± ( 32 i + 32 j − 32 k ) Identifies a set of two M1
(d) uuur uuur relevant vectors
or BA = ± (i + j + 5k ) & OC = ± ( 3i + 3 j − 3k ) Correct vectors ± A1
Way 1
⎛ 0.5 ⎞ ⎛ 1.5 ⎞ Applies dot product
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ formula on multiples
⎜ 0.5 ⎟ • ⎜ 1.5 ⎟ 3 3 15 of these vectors.
⎜ 2.5 ⎟ ⎜ −1.5 ⎟ + −
cos D = ( ± ) ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ = (±) 4 4 4 = (±) 1 Correct ft.
27 27 27 3 application of dot
.
2 2 4 product formula

Attempts to find the


⎛ 1⎞
D = cos−1 ⎜ − ⎟ correct angle D ddM1
⎝ 3⎠ rather than 180° − D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o A1
awrt 109° or 1.91c
Aliter using dot product formula and direction vectors [6]
uuur uuur Identifies a set of two M1
(d) d BA = ± (i + j + 5k ) & d OC = ± (i + j − k ) direction vectors
Correct vectors ± A1
Way 2
Applies dot product
⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎛ 1⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ formula on multiples dM1
⎜ 1 ⎟ • ⎜ 1⎟ of these vectors.
⎜ −1⎟ ⎜ 5 ⎟ 1+ 1− 5
cos D = ( ± ) ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ = ( ± )
1 Correct ft.
= (±)
3 . 27 3 . 27 3 application of dot A1
product formula.

Attempts to find the


⎛ 1⎞
D = cos−1 ⎜ − ⎟ correct angle D ddM1
⎝ 3⎠ rather than 180° − D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o A1
awrt 109° or 1.91c
[6]

15
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter using dot product formula and similar triangles
uuur uuur Identifies a set of two M1
(d) dOA = ( 2i + 2 j + k ) & d OC = (i + j − k ) direction vectors
Correct vectors A1
Way 3
Applies dot product
⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ formula on multiples dM1
⎜ 2⎟ •⎜ 1 ⎟ of these vectors.
⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ 2+ 2−1
cos ( 21 D ) = ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ =
1 Correct ft.
=
9. 3 9. 3 3 application of dot A1
product formula.

Attempts to find the


⎛ 1 ⎞ correct angle D by
D = 2 cos−1 ⎜ ⎟
⎝ 3⎠ doubling their angle ddM1
for 21 D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o A1
awrt 109° or 1.91c
[6]

Aliter using
uuur cosine rule uuur uuur
(d) DA = 21 i + 1
2
j + 52 k , DC = 32 i + 3
2
j − 32 k , AC = i + j − 4 k
Way 4
Attempts to find all
uuur uuur uuur the lengths of all
27 27 M1
DA = , DC = , AC = 18 three edges of
2 2 ∆ ADC
All Correct A1

⎛ 27 ⎞ ⎛ 27 ⎞
2 2
Using the cosine rule
( )
2
⎜⎜ ⎟ +⎜ ⎟ − 18 formula with correct dM1
⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ 1
cos D = =− ‘subtraction’.
⎛ 27 ⎞ ⎛ 27 ⎞ 3 Correct ft application
2 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 2 ⎠ of the cosine rule A1
formula

Attempts to find the


⎛ 1⎞ −1
D = cos ⎜ − ⎟ correct angle D ddM1
⎝ 3⎠ rather than 180° − D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o ° A1
awrt 109 or 1.91c
[6]

16
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter using
uuur
trigonometry on auuur
right angled triangle
uuur
(d) DA = 2 i + 2 j + 2 k OA = 2i + 2 j + k AC = i + j − 4 k
1 1 5

Way 5
Attempts to find two
Let X be the midpoint of AC
out of the three M1
uuur uuur uuur uuur uuur lengths in ∆ ADX
27 3
DA = , DX = 1
2
OA = , AX = 1
2
AC = 1
2
18
2 2
(hypotenuse), (adjacent) , (opposite)
Any two correct A1

Uses correct
18 18 dM1
3
sohcahtoa to find 21 D
sin( 21 D) = 2
27
, cos( 21 D) = 2
27
or tan( 21 D) = 2
3
2 Correct ft application
2 2 A1
of sohcahtoa

Attempts to find the


⎛ 18 ⎞ correct angle D by
eg. D = 2 tan−1 ⎜ 2

⎜ 3 ⎟ doubling their angle ddM1
⎝ 2 ⎠
for 21 D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o A1
awrt 109° or 1.91c
[6]
Aliter using
uuur
trigonometry on auuur
right angled similar triangle OAC
uuur
(d) OC = 3i + 3 j − 3k OA = 2i + 2 j + k AC = i + j − 4 k
Way 6 Attempts to find two
uuur uuur uuur out of the three
OC = 27 , OA = 3 , AC = 18 M1
lengths in ∆ OAC
(hypotenuse), (adjacent), (opposite)
Any two correct A1

Uses correct dM1


18 3 18 sohcahtoa to find 21 D
sin( 21 D) = , cos( 21 D) = or tan( 21 D) =
27 27 3 Correct ft application
of sohcahtoa A1

Attempts to find the


⎛ 18 ⎞ correct angle D by
eg. D = 2 tan−1 ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟
⎝ 3 ⎠
doubling their angle ddM1
for 21 D .

109.5° or
D = 109.47122...o A1
awrt 109° or 1.91c
[6]

17
Question Marks
Scheme
Number
Aliter
uuur
7. (b) (i) c = OC = ± ( 3i + 3 j − 3k )
uuur
AB = ± ( −i − j − 5 k )
Way 2
uuur uuur A complete method M1
OC = (3) + (3) + ( −3) =
2 2 2
(1) + (1) + ( −5) = AB
2 2 2
of proving that the
diagonals are equal.
uuur uuur
OC = AB = 27 Correct result. A1
As

diagonals are equal A1 cso


then the diagonals are equal, and OACB is a rectangle. and
OACB is a rectangle
[3]
uuur uuur
a = OA = 2i + 2 j + k ⇒ OA = 3
uuur uuur
b = OB = i + j − 4 k ⇒ OB = 18
uuur uuur
BC = ± ( 2i + 2 j + k ) ⇒ BC = 3
uuur uuur
AC = ± ( i + j − 4 k ) ⇒ AC = 18
uuur uuur
c = OC = ± ( 3i + 3 j − 3k ) ⇒ OC = 27
uuur uuur
AB = ± ( −i − j − 5 k ) ⇒ AB = 27
Aliter
7. (b) (i) (OA)2 + ( AC )2 = (OC )2
or (BC )2 + (OB )2 = (OC )2
or (OA)2 + (OB )2 = ( AB )2
or (BC )2 + ( AC )2 = ( AB )2 or equivalent
Way 3
A complete method M1
of proving that
( )
2
⇒ (3)2 + ( 18)2 = 27 Pythagoras holds
using their values.
Correct result
A1

and therefore OA is perpendicular to OB A1 cso


perpendicular and
or AC is perpendicular to BC
OACB is a rectangle
and hence OACB is a rectangle.
[3]
14marks

18
Question
Scheme Marks
Number

8. (a)
x 0 1 2 3 4 5
7 10 13
y e1 e2 e e e e4
or y 2.71828… 7.38906… 14.09403… 23.62434… 36.80197… 54.59815…
Either e 7 , e 10 and e 13
or awrt 14.1, 23.6 and 36.8
or e to the power
awrt 2.65, 3.16, 3.61
(or mixture of decimals and e’s)
At least two correct B1
All three correct B1
[2]

(b) 1
Outside brackets × 1 B1;
1
2 { (
I ≈ × 1 ; × e1 + 2 e2 + e 7
+e 10
+e 13
)+e } 4 2
For structure of trapezium
rule {.............} ; M1

1 A1
= × 221.1352227... = 110.5676113... = 110.6 (4sf) 110.6
2 cao
[3]

Beware: In part (b) candidates can add up the individual trapezia:

(
(b) I ≈ 21 .1( e1 + e2 ) + 21 .1 e2 + e 7
) + .1( e
1
2
7
+e 10
) + .1( e
1
2
10
+e 13
) + .1( e
1
2
13
+ e4 )

19
Question
Scheme Marks
Number
1 dt − 21 − 21 dt
t = (3x + 1) 2 ⇒ = 1
2
.3.(3x + 1) A(3x + 1) or t =A M1
dx dx
(c) dt dt
− 21
… or t 2 = 3 x + 1 ⇒ 2t =3 3
2
(3x + 1) or 2t =3 A1
dx dx

dt 3 3 dx 2t Candidate obtains either


so = 1
= ⇒ =
dx 2.(3x + 1) 2 2t dt 3 dt
dx
or dx
dt
in terms of t …

… and moves on to dM1

∫ ∫ ∫
(3 x +1) dx 2t substitute this into I to
∴I = e dx = et . dt = e t . .dt
dt 3 convert an integral wrt x
to an integral wrt t.

∴I=
∫ 2
3
t et dt
∫ 2
3
t et A1
change limits: changes limits x → t so
B1
when x = 0, t = 1 & when x = 5, t = 4 that 0 → 1 and 5 → 4

Hence I =
∫1
2
3
tet dt ; where a = 1, b = 4, k = 2
3

[5]
Let k be any constant for
⎪⎧u = t ⇒ dt = 1 ⎪⎫
du

(d) ⎨ dv t⎬
the first three marks of this
⎩⎪ dt = e ⇒ v = e ⎭⎪
t
part.

Use of ‘integration by

( )
parts’ formula in the M1

k t et dt = k t e t − e t .1 dt
∫ correct direction.
Correct expression with a A1
constant factor k.

Correct integration
(
= k t et − et ) +c with/without A1
a constant factor k

4
Substitutes their changed

∫ 2
3
tet dt =
2
3
{(
4e4 − e4 − e1 − e1 ) ( )} limits into the integrand dM1 oe
1 and subtracts oe.

= 32 (3e4 ) = 2e 4 = 109.1963... either 2e4 or awrt 109.2 A1


[5]
15 marks
• Note: dM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the
previous method mark
• ddM1 denotes a method mark which is dependent upon the award of the previous
two method marks.

20