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# //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_01

y r sn
[1] one

[2] two

In Chinese characters, the number one is laid on its side, unlike the Roman numeral I which stands upright. As you would expect, it is written from left to right. [1] When this character is used as a primitive element, the keyword meaning is often discarded, since it is too abstract to be of much help. Instead, the single horizontal stroke takes on the meaning of floor or ceiling, depending on its position: if it stands above another primitive, it means ceiling; if below, floor. Like the Roman numeral II, which reduplicates the numeral I, the character for two is a simple reduplication of the horizontal stroke that means one. The order of writing goes from above to below, with the first stroke slightly shorter. [2] And like the Roman numeral III, which triples the numeral I, the character for three simply triples the single horizontal stroke. In writing it, think of "1 + 2 = 3" (+=) in order to keep the middle stroke shorter. [3] This character is composed of two primitive elements, mouth and human legs , both of which we will meet in the coming lessons. Assuming that you already knew how to write this character, we will pass over the story connected with it until later. Note how the second stroke is written left-to-right and then top-tobottom. This is consistent with what we have already seen in the first three numbers and leads us to a general principle that will be helpful when we come to more complicated characters later on: WRITE NORTH-TO-SOUTH, WEST-TO-EAST, NORTHWEST-TO-SOUTHEAST. [5] As with four, we shall postpone learning the primitive elements that make up this character. Note how the general principle we just learned in the preceding frame applies to the writing of the character for five. [4]

[3] three

s w li

[4] four

[5] five

[6] six

The primitives here are top hat and animal legs. Once again, we glide over them until later. [4]

[7] seven

[8] eight

ji

[9] nine

sh

[10] ten

ku

[11] mouth

[12] day

Note that the first stroke cuts clearly through the second. This distinguishes seven from the character for spoon (FRAME 453), in which the horizontal stroke either stops short or, depending on the font, extends just slightly beyond the vertical stroke. [2] As a primitive, this form takes on the meaning of diced, i.e. cut into little pieces, consistent both with the way the character is written and with its association with the character for cut [] to be learned in a later lesson (FRAME 85). Just as the Arabic numeral 8 is composed of a small circle followed by a larger one, so the character for eight is composed of a short line followed by a longer line that leans towards it without touching it. And just as the lazy 8 is the mathematical symbol for infinity, so the expanse opened up below these two strokes sometimes carries the sense in Chinese of something all-encompassing. Note how the printed character on the left and the hand-drawn character below differ somewhat in form. Be sure to imitate the hand-drawn form when you practice writing. [2] If you take care to remember the stroke order of this character, you will not have trouble later keeping it distinct from the character for power (FRAME 732). [2] When this character is used as a primitive, we shall take it to refer to the game of baseball, the meaning being derived from the nine players who make up a team. Turn this character 45 either way and you have the x used for the Roman numeral ten. [2] As a primitive, this character sometimes keeps its meaning of ten and sometimes signifies needle, this latter derived from the character for needle (FRAME 283). Since the primitive is used in the character itself, there is no need to worry about confusing the two. In fact, we shall be following this procedure regularly. Like several of the first characters we shall learn, the character for mouth is a clear pictograph. Since there are no circular shapes in the characters, the square must be used to depict the circle. [3] As a primitive, this form also means mouth. Any of the range of possible images that the word suggests-an opening or entrance to a cave, a river, a bottle, or even the largest hole in your head-can be used for the primitive meaning. This character is intended to be a pictograph of the sun. Recalling what we said in the previous frame about round forms, it is easy to detect the circle and the big smile that characterize our simplest drawings of the sun-like those yellow badges with the words, Have a nice day! [4] Used as a primitive, this character can mean sun or day or a tongue wagging in the mouth. This latter meaning, incidentally, derives from an old character meaning something like sayeth (see FRAME 1499) and written almost exactly the same, except that the latter is more square in shape () than sun (). In any case, as a primitive element the shape will alter according to its position in the full character and this distinction will become irrelevant.

yu

[13] month

tin

## m //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_02

[15] eye

This character is actually a picture of the moon, with the two horizontal lines representing the left eye and mouth of the mythical man in the moon. (Actually, the Chinese see a hare in the moon, but it is a little farfetched to find one in the character.) And one month, of course, is one cycle of the moon. [4] As a primitive element, this character can take on the sense of moon, flesh, or part of the body. The reasons for the latter two meanings will be explained in a later chapter. Another pictograph, this character looks like a birds-eye view of a rice field divided into four plots. Take care in writing this character to get the order of the strokes correct. You will find that it follows perfectly the principle stated in FRAME 4. [5] When used as a primitive element, this characters most common meaning is rice field, but now and again it will take the meaning of brains from the fact that it looks a bit like that tangle of gray matter nestled under our skulls. Here again, if we round out the corners of this character and curve the two middle strokes into the shape of an iris, we get something resembling an eye. [5] As a primitive, the character keeps its sense of eye, or to be more specific, an eyeball. When placed in the surroundings of a complex character, the primitive can be turned on its side () and take on the additional meaning of a net.

g h

The primitive elements that compose this character are ten and mouth, but you may find it easier to remember it as a pictograph of a tombstone with a cross on top. Just think back to one of those graveyards you have visited, or better still, used to play in as a child, with ancient inscriptions on the tombstones. This departure from the primitive elements in favor of a pictograph will take place now and again at these early stages, and almost never after that. So you need not worry about cluttering up your memory with too many character drawings. [5] Used as a primitive element, this character keeps its keyword sense of ancient, but [16] care should be taken to make that abstract notion as graphic as possible. ancient Everyone knows what a new moon is: the first phase when the moon is illuminated 0%. So, presumably, an ancient moon, like the one in this character, is lit up at 100% wattage. And we all know what that means: [17] recklessly people tend to get a little loony and start acting recklessly. [9]

[18] leaf

[19] I (literary)

The Chinese are famous for taking a leaf and turning it into medicine. In this character, there are no less than ten different types of leaves that go into the concoction that the herbal doctor is stuffing into your mouth. The problem is, she didnt take the trouble to grind them up with her mortar and pestle, but is shoveling them into your mouth just as they came off the tree. Look at the character and you can see how the ten leaves are way too much for the one small mouth to handle. [5] There are a number of characters for the word I, but this one is restricted to literary use in Chinese. We need a sufficiently stuffy connotation for the key word, for which the sense of a perceiving subject" should do just fine. Now the one place in our bodies that all five senses are concentrated in is the head, which has no less than five mouths: 2 nostrils, 2 ears, and 1 mouth. Hence, five mouths =I. [7]

The first companion that God made, as the Bible story goes, was Eve. Upon seeing her, Adam exclaimed, png of my flesh! And that is precisely what this character says in so many strokes. [8] Among natures bright lights, there are two that the biblical story of creation has God set in the sky: the sun to rule over the day and the moon to rule the night. Each of them has come to represent one of the common connotations of this key word: the sun, the bright insight of the clear thinker, and the moon, the bright intuition [21] mng bright of the poet and the seer. [8] This one is easy! You have one mouth making no noise (the choirmaster) and two mouths with wagging tongues (the minimum for a chorus). So when you hear the key word sing, think of the Vienna Boys Choir or chng[22] sing the Mormon Tabernacle Choir and the character is yours forever. [11] What else can the word sparkling suggest if not a diamond? And if youve ever held a diamond up to the light, you will have noticed how every facet of it becomes like a miniature sun. This character is a picture of a tiny sun in three places (that is, everywhere), to give the sense of something sparkling all over the place. Just like a diamond. In writing the primitive elements three times, note again how the rule for writing given in FRAME 4 holds true not only for the strokes in each individual element but also for the disposition of the [23] jng sparkling elements in the character as a whole. [12] As in the character for sparkling, the triplication of a single element in this character indicates everywhere or heaps of. When we think of goods in modern industrial society, we think of what has been massproduced--that is to say, produced for the masses of open mouths waiting like fledglings in a nest to [24] pn goods consume whatever comes their way. [9] What we mentioned in the previous two frames about three of something meaning everywhere or heaps of was not meant to be taken lightly. In this character we see two suns, one atop the other, which, if we are not careful, is easily confused in memory with the three suns of sparkling. Focus on the number this way: since we speak of prosperous times as sunny, what could be more prosperous than a sky with two suns in it? [25] chngprosperousJust be sure to actually SEE them there. [8]
[20] companionFlesh

zo

sh

wi dn o t

This character is actually a picture of the first flower of the day, which we shall, in defiance of botanical science, call the sunflower, since it begins with the element for sun and is held up on a stem with leaves (the pictographic representation of the final two strokes). This time, however, we shall ignore the pictograph and imagine sunflowers with needles for stems, which can be plucked and used to darn your socks. The sense of early is easily remembered if one thinks of the sunflower as the early riser in the garden, because the sun, showing favoritism towards its namesake, shines on it before all the others (see FRAME 10). [6] As a primitive element, this character takes the meaning of sunflower, which was used to make the abstract key [26] early word early more graphic. The key word here immediately suggests the islands located to the east of China, which would make it, from Chinas point of view, the Land of the Rising Sun, a name easily associated with ]apans national flag. If you can picture two seams running down that great red sun, and then imagine it sitting on a baseball bat for a flagpole, you have a slightly irreverent--but not altogether inaccurate--picture of how the sport has caught on [27] rising in the Land of the Rising Sun. [6] sun We generally consider one generation as a period of thirty (or ten plus ten plus ten) years. If you look at this character in its completed form--not in its stroke order--you will see three tens. When writing it, think of the lower horizontal lines as addition lines written under numbers to add them up. Thus: ten plus ten plus ten [28] generation = thirty. Actually, its a lot easier doing it with a pencil than reading it in a book. [5] You will need to refer back to FRAMES 13 and 14 here for the special meaning of the two primitive elements that make up this character: brain and flesh (part of the body). What the character says, if you look at it, is that the part of the body that keeps the brain in working order is the stomach. To keep the elements in proper [29] stomach order, when you write this character think of the brain as being held up by the flesh. [9] The obvious sign of daybreak is the sun peeking out over the horizon, which is pretty much what this character depicts. If you can imagine the sun poking its head out through a hole in your floor, however, you [30] daybreak will have an easier time remembering this character. [5] You couldnt have asked for a better key word for this character! Just have a look at it: a perfect image of a concave lens (remembering, of course, that the characters square off rounded things), complete with its own [31] concave little cave. Now all you have to do is learn how to write it. [5] Maybe this helps you see how the Chinese have no trouble keeping convex distinct from concave. Note the odd feeling of the fourth stroke. If it doesnt feel all that strange now, by the time you are done with this book, [32] it will. There are very few times you will have to write it. [5] convex

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_03

z
[33] oneself

bi bi

[34] white

[35] hundred

zo ji

[36] soap

You can think of this character as a stylized pictograph of the nose, that little drop that Mother Nature set between your eyes. The Chinese often refer to themselves by pointing a finger at their nose-giving us an easy way to remember the character for oneself. [6] The same meaning of oneselfcan be kept when this character is used as a primitive element, but you will generally find it better to give it the meaning of nose or nostrils, both because it accords with the story above and because it is the first part of the character for nose (FRAME 617). The color white is a mixture of all the primary colors, both for pigments and for light, as we see when a prism breaks up the rays of the sun. Hence, a single drop of sun spells white. [5] As a primitive, this character can either retain its meaning of white or take the more graphic meaning of a white bird or dove. This stems from the fact that it appears at the top of the character for bird, which we shall get to later (FRAME 1438). When the Japanese borrowed the Chinese characters, they often played with their shapes to find interesting connections. For example, they came to refer to a person's 99th birthday as the start of the white year because white is the character you are left with if you subtract one from a hundred. [6] Whatever the color of the soap that this character refers to, it does the same trick of cutting the grease and grime to make things white. Thats a bit too abstract and reasonable, though, so you may want to imagine looking at the soap under a microscope and seeing little whirling blades dicing the blotches of dirt one by one until everything turns white. [7] Like many of us, when days get old, they, too, need a walking stick to get around. Think of the phrase the good old days, and the walking stick should take care of itself. [5]

[37] old

zhng qin

[39] thousand

sh

[40] tongue

shng[41] liter

wn

[42] pill

[43] divination

zhn

## [44] tell fortunes

The elements here are a walking stick and a mouth. The particular connotation we will associate with the key word middle is that period of life known as middle age, so called because it is the time in your life when you have trouble with your expanding middle. More often than not, the expansion has to do with eating more and moving around less. This character has the grotesque image of a person with a walking stick jammed into his mouth, the more easily to shovel food in without the interference of the tedious exercise of opening and closing it. [4] Note the indicator that the character for middle can be used as either a noun or an adjective. Where no part of speech is indicated for a key word, assume the most common. In the case of the former frame, for example, soap might be taken as a verb, but ones first thought goes to the noun, which is a good place to start for that character. Be aware, though, that even where one part of speech is indicated for a character, other possibilities may exist. This character is almost too simple to pull apart, but for the sake of practice, have a look at the eyedropper above and the ten below. Now put the elements together by thinking of squeezing two more zeros out of an eyedropper alongside the number ten to make it a thousand. [3] The characters for mouth and thousand naturally form the idea of tongue if one thinks of a thousand mouths able to speak the same language, or as we say, sharing a common tongue. It is easy to see the connection between the idiom and the character if you take its image literally: a single tongue being passed around from mouth to mouth. [6] Think of a one-liter carafe (the kind you might serve drinks in) filled not with milk or wine but with a thousand sharp needles. You may well wonder what they are doing there, but the answer is simple: its a kind of sports drink for a robot. [4] One of the scourges of sports like modern baseball has been the use of performance-enhancing drugs, those tiny little pills that have helped turn honest competition into cut-throat business. Now look at the character and picture it as a bottle of pills hanging on the thigh of a baseball player like a PEZ dispenser, ready for the popping as the need arises. [3] As a primitive, this element takes the meaning of a bottle of pills. This is a picture of a divining rod, composed of a walking stick and a drop, but easy enough to remember as a pictograph. Alternately, you can think of it as a magic wand. In either case, it should suggest images of divination or magic. [2] When using this character as a primitive, we will stick with the meaning of a divining rod or a magic wand. This is one of those characters that is a real joy of simplicity: a divining rod with a mouth--which are the two ingredients needed to tell fortunes. Note how the movement from top to bottom (the movement in which the characters are written) is also the order of the elements which make up our story and of the key word itself: first divining rod, then mouth. This will not always be possible, but where it is, memory has almost no work at all to do. [5]

shngabove

[45]

xa

[46] below

k zhu

[47] card

[48] eminent

cho

[49] dynasty

cho

## [50] ridicule (v.)

The two directions, above and below, are usually pointed at with the finger. But the characters do not follow that custom, so we have to choose something else, easily remembered. The primitives show a magic wand standing above a floor--magically, you might say. Anyway, go right on to the next frame, since the two belong together and are best remembered as a unit, just as the words above and below suggest each other. [3] Here we see our famous magic wand hanging, all on its own, below the ceiling, as you probably already guessed would happen. In addition to giving us two new characters, the two shapes in this and the preceding frame also serve to illustrate the difference between the primitive meanings for ceiling and floor: it all depends on whether the single horizontal line stands above or below the primitive element to which it is related. [3] The key word card can stand for all sorts of things, but lets settle on a credit card for our image. Perhaps the first thing that comes to mind is the picture ofa shopkeeper sliding your credit card up and down (from above to below and back again) in the reading machine to record your transaction. Now imagine her doing it fast and furiously, again and again, with increasing impatience until your poor card is whittled away to a small strip of plastic. [5] The word eminent suggests a famous or well-known person. So all you need to do--given the primitives of a magic wand and a sunflower--is to think of the worlds most eminent magician as one who uses a sunflower for a magic wand (like a flower-child who goes around turning the world into peace and love). [8] It is easy to imagine one of the great dynasties of China in all its glory. Now all we have to figure out is what the elements moon and mist have to do with it. Picture a great palace with a powerful emperor seated on a throne in its innermost court. To keep the Wizard-of-Oz illusion that this power is beyond question and beyond the understanding of the masses, the whole complex is kept permanently shrouded in mist. How do they do it, you ask. On one side of the throne is a servant pulling on a cord to wave a gigantic fan back and forth. On the other, a servant with a long cord hooked on a corner of the quarter moon. When he pulls on it, the moon tilts over and spills out a months supply of mist that keeps the myth of the dynasty alive. [12] If you read off the elements in the character, you have something like mouthing off at the dynasty. When we think of what we commonly ridicule in civilized society, one of the oldest and most universal targets is the ruling elite. Who better to deride than one's leaders? Again, the explanation is too rational, so turn it into a story that has you ridiculing a particular dynasty's court with particular bulfoonery. [15]

zh
[51] only

bi

## [52] shellfish (v.)

ti zhn

[53] paste

[54] chaste

yun

[55] employee

When we run across abstract key words like this one, the best l way to get an image is to recall some common but suggestive phrase in which the word appears. For instance, we can think of the expression its the only one ofits kind. Then we imagine a barker at a side-show advertising some strange pac-man like creature he has inside his tent, with only a gigantic mouth and two wee animal legs. [5] When we learned the character (and primitive element) for eye back in FRAME 15, we suggested arching the two middle strokes to get the image of an iris. The simplified primitive element for eye does the same thing, just with a more contemporary touch: the three horizontal strokes are replaced with a single vertical stroke running through the eye. Note how this linedoubles up with the first stroke of the element for animal legs, the second of the two elements that make up this character. In fact, there are only two cases where this is going to happen, here and in FRAME 58. To put this all together, imagine a freakish shellfish with a single, gigantic eye roaming the beaches on its slender little legs, scaring the wits out of the sunbathers. [4] When this character is used as a primitive, in addition to shellfish, the meanings shells, oysters, and clams will often come in handy. Think here of brushing on an adhesive, as when you paste something on a billboard. Here we have an oyster pasting a poster on his back to advertise his services in the dubious occupation of one who tells fortunes. Try to imagine the problem he would have reaching his back with the brush to paste, and then see him strutting around and calling out, Fortunes to tell! Fortunes to tell! [9] You have heard of Diogenes running around with his lamp looking for an honest man. Here we have an image of the famous shellfish, Oysterogenes, running around with his divining rod looking for a chaste man. We leave it to you to decide which one has the better luck in his quest. [6] How do we get a mouth over a shellfish to mean an employee? Simple. Just remember the advice new employees get about keeping their mouths shut and doing their jobs, and then make that more graphic by picturing an oflice building full of white-collar workers scurrying around with clams pinched to their mouths. [7]

jin

yun

wn

fn

wn

yn j

xn sho

de

## shu //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_05 zh zh j zhn gng zu

[71] heads [72] straight [73] set up [74] tool [75] true [76] work (n.) [77] left (n. / adj.)

Reading this character from the top down, we have: horns nose. Together they bring to mind the picture of a moose-head hanging on the den wall, with its great horns and long nose. The plural form is used to stress the frequent metaphorical use of the term to refer to various kinds of heads, including heads of state. It might help to see a number of the latter lined up on the den wall alongside the moose, each fitted out with antlers and a whopper of a nose. Here we get a good look at what we mentioned when we first introduced the element for horns: that they can never be left floating free and require an extra horizontal stroke to prevent that from happening, as is the case here. [9]

yu yu hu gng

[79] possess

[81] tribute

[83] sword

[86] summon

[87] evident

## f dng dng k g dng //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_06 y fi

[89] vice[90] fourth [91] sting (v.) [92] can (aux. v.) [93] older brother [94] crest [95] second (adj.) [96] fly (v.)

[97] child

[98] cavity

[100] chaos

[101] (ed)

[102] woman

[103] good

[104] be like

[105] mother

## k //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_07 xio sho cho sn d jin x

[108] overcome (v.) [109] small [110] few [111] noisy [112] grandchild [113] large [114] tip (n.) [115] evening

du gu wi mng lu

[116] many

[117] enough

[118] outside

## [120] silk gauze

chngfactory tng l hu sh sh
[122] hall

[121]

[123] stern

[124] thick

[125] stone

[126] gravel

## mio xio xio gung ti shng q //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_08 chun

[127] wonderful [128] resemble [129] peel (v.) [130] ray [131] overly [132] economize [133] strange [134] stream (n.)

[136] obey

## [137] water (n.)

[138] eternity [139] blood vessels [140] request (v.) [141] spring (n.)

[142] flatlands

[143] swim

[144] continent

[145] marsh

[147] Yangtze

[149] tide

[150] source

[151] lively

[152] extinguish

[153] river

[156] lake

[159] equal

[160] belly

[161] dust

[162] fill in

[171] destroy

## [172] ashes [173] vexed (adj.)

[174] inflammation

[176] lamp

[178] illuminate

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_09 l ling mi hi m mo tng dng

[179] li [180] quantity [181] bury [182] black [183] black ink [184] risk (v.) [185] same [186] cave

[187] lovely

## xing orientation xing echo (n.) shng z shu wn zi xun xio n

[190] esteem (v.) [189]

[188]

[191] character

[194] disaster

[195] proclaim

[196] nighttime

[197] peaceful

## yn j f zh //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_10 m ln sn mng

[198] banquet [199] mail (v.) [200] wealthy [201] store up [202] tree [203] woods [204] forest [205] dream (n.)

j zh xng di k cn

[206] machine

## [208] apricot [209] dimwitted

[210] withered

[211] village

xing another bn n wi m

[212] one

[213] notebook

[214] case

## [216] last (n. / adj.)

m wi mi ch zh rn l zhu z ru co

[217] foam

## [218] flavor (n.) [219] younger sister

[220] investigate

[221] sediment

## [222] dye (v.)

[223] plum

[224] table

[225] miscellaneous

[226] as if

[227] grass

[230] wide

[231] nobody

[234] grave

[235] seedling

[236] aim

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_11 zho to qun yu yn zhung zhung jing

[237] portent [238] peach [239] pooch [240] remarkable [241] detest [242] state of affairs [243] put on makeup [244] General

hu m rn k q chu gu ni t go ho

[245] seize

[246] silent

[251] dog

[254] declare

[255] vast

## xin x //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_12 g ji ji ch h h

[256] before [257] wash (v.) [258] individual [259] introduce [260] world [261] tea [262] fit (v.) [263] ha!

[264] pagoda

## wng [265] king y bo qi xin wn

[266] jade [267] treasure (n.)

## kungcrazy hungemperor hungresplendent chngsubmit

[274] [273] [272]

[271]

qun l zh zh jn

[275] whole

[276] logic

[277] lord

[278] pour

[279] gold

[281] copper

## [284] nail (n.)

[285] inscription

## zhn //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_13 do d yun sh gu mi xn

[286] at ease [287] way [288] reach (v.) [289] distant [290] suitable [291] cross (v.) [292] stride [293] speedy

zo to xn xun xn

[297] choose

[298] modest

[299]

## [300] car [301] one after another

[302] lotus

[303] in front

[304] shears

sh y tio ch g g l k xi lu

[305] transport

[306] exceed

## [307] strip (n.)

[308] location

[309] each

[310] pattern

[311] abbreviation

[312] guest

[314] summer

[315] L.A.

## lu bi //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_14 rng chn jn hu gun kng

[316] fall [317] prepare [318] superfluous [319] profound [320] army [321] radiance [322] crown [323] pit (n.)

m go

[325] tall

## xing enjoy sh tng ling jng jng ji zhu sh

[327] ripe

[326]

[328] pavilion

[329] shiny

[330] capital

[331] scenery

[332] at once

[333] circumference

[334] soldier

## j zhung //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_15 xu ju gng d bi g

[335] lucky [336] robust [337] study (v.) [338] senses (n.) [339] attack [340] enemy [341] fail [342] deliberately

ji jng

[344] revere

## chngspacious yn jng j rng y to xn sh

[346] say [347] police (n.)

[345]

## [349] yield (n.)

[350] prison

[351] condemn

[352] instruction

[353] knowledge

## hu sh y dio tn //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_16 sh sh g

[354] talk (n.) [355] poem [356] language [357] tune (n.) [358] discuss [359] style (n.) [360] test [361] halberd

zhn hu hu zi zi mo

[364] or

[365] burglar

[367] lush

chnginto

[368] turn

## chng[369] city chngsincere wi xin

[371] might (n.) [370]

[372] salty

## qin qin jin Yo sho xio //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_17 zh b

[373] coin (n.) [374] shallow [375] cheap [376] Yao [377] fever [378] dawn [379] stop (v.) [380] footstep

sh pn kn q w f

[382] repeatedly

zhng

## zhngevidence zhngpolitics dng zu

[390] settle on [389]

[388]

[391] walk

## cho yu sh t yn dn jin ch //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_18

[392] transcend [393] surpass [394] be [395] topic [396] prolong [397] nativity [398] build [399] clear (adj.)

y ci

[400] clothing

[403] grief

[402]

[404] Yuan

[405] elementary

## [406] patch (v.) [407] inner garments

[408] agriculture

[409] concentrated

[410] towel

[412] teacher

[411]

[413] lion

[414] cloth

[415] streamer

[416] hat

[417] curtain

[420] lungs

[421] sash

zh c zh y li

[422] stagnant

[423] thorn

[424] system

## shung frost yn yn bng

[427]

[428] cloud

[429] carry

[430] ice

kungsituation chngcollide
[432]

[431]

[433] reduce

[434] cool

[435] winter

[436] heavens

[437] Wu

[438] amusement

[439] error

[441] pretend

[442] bridge

[443] attractive

l q zhn

## zhngchapter jng d tng

[448] compete [449] sovereign (n.) [450] juvenile (n.)

[447]

shngsalesman d b bi
[452] drip (v.) [453] ancient spoon

[451]

[454] north

bi b kn hn ji c xi t zh zh ln

## [455] back (n.)

[456] compare

[457] descendants

[459] all

## [460] this (literary)

[461] somewhat

[462] it

[463] purpose

[464] grease

[465] theory

ln mi mi hi q ch f f qin chu g

[466] wheel

[469] sea

[470] beg

[473] abdomen

[476] song

## run c z z z //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_19 pi pi yn

[477] soft [478] next [479] assets [480] looks (n.) [481] consult with [482] compensate [483] cultivate [484] sound

## [485] dark [486] rhyme (n.)

[487] unexpectedly

[488] mirror

[489] boundary [490] deceased (adj.) [491] blind (adj.) [492] absurd (adj.)

[494] direction

[493]

[495] hinder

[497] excite

[500] undress

[501] speak

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_20 y t d ch chng xi d su

[505] also [506] she [507] ground (n.) [508] pond [509] insect [510] shrimp [511] alone [512] although

sh dn j q gi j y bo po do g

[513] serpent

[514] egg

[515] self

[516] begin

[517] alter

[518] remember

[521] bubbles

zh ji

[527] soup

[528] sheep

[529] beautiful

[530] ocean

[531] fresh

[532] appearance

[533] orchid

[534] spoiled

[536] -ing

[540] who?

[541] vend

[544] feathers

[545] learn

## xing //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_21 kn g gu yun yn yn yun

[546] soar [547] trapped [548] solid [549] country [550] round [551] cause (n.) [552] smoke (n.) [553] park (n.)

hu t

## [554] return (v.) [555] picture (n.)

gungextensive din k k
[557] store (n.)

[556]

[558] warehouse

[559] trousers

## chung [560] bed m

[561] hemp

zhung hamlet xn
[563] heart

[562]

wng forget

[564]

rn zng ti zh s n yun y

[567] attitude

[568] aspiration

[569] consider

[570] kindness

[572] idea

[573]

[574] breath

## gn hn yu jng p mng gun b //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_22

[576] feel (v.) [577] regret (n.) [578] worried [579] startled [580] dread (v.) [581] busy (adj.) [582] accustomed to [583] certainly

[584] hand

[585] look at

[586] rub

[591] criticize

[592] beckon

## [594] finger (n.)

ch dn ku d hu tu jio zh r ji gu

[596] assume

[597] include

[598] bring up

[599] brandish

[600] push

[605] hang

[608] pull

[609] !!

[616] different

[617] nose

[618] punishment

[620] genius

[621] riches

[624] at

## [626] milk (n.) [627] catch up with

x j sh gng yng yu

## [630] history [631] even more

[632] hard

[633] again

shng[634] holy yu
[635] friend

[637] Han

[639] observe

[640] joyous

[643] timber

## [647] not have [648] establish (v.)

[649] thigh

zh j zh sh d j fn bn fn hu zh

[650] offshoot

[651] skill

[652] branch

[653] uncle

[654] superintend

[655] lonely

[656] against

[657] plank

[658] go back

[659] behind

[660] quality

[661] faction

[662] music

[664] grab

[666] vegetable

[667] accept

[668] confer

## [669] love (n. / v.)

[670] (suffix)

xing grand

[671]

ti zh sh q f hu zh sh do h

[672] platform

[673] govern

[674] commence

[675] go

[676] method

[677] meeting

[678] until

[679] room

[680] arrive

[681] mutual

chngsufficient

[682]

## y li sh gu gu //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_23 shn ch ch

[683] education [684] flow (v.) [685] comb (n.) [686] purchase (v.) [687] frame (v.) [688] mountain [689] exit (v.) [690] foundation

[693] enter

[698] valley

[701] contain

## rng //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_24 shng dng chng tng p b p

[702] dissolve [703] prize (n.) [704] political party [705] often [706] main room [707] covering (n.) [708] waves [709] old woman

p bi di li li s zng r q q zu

[712] malicious

[713] line up

[714] intense

[715] death

## [716] inter (v.)

[717] ear

[718] take

[719] interest

[720] most

zh gn mn mn mn f gu t sh ti chn

[721] job [722] brave (adj.) [723] drawn out [724] slow (adj.) [725] overflow (v.)

[726] husband

[727] regulations

[728] replace

[729] lose

[732] power

[733] border

[738] another

[739] don't

## [741] male (n.)

[742] achievement

bn xi s wi n n ji h ji w w

[743] manage

[744] cooperate

[745] revive

## [748] toil (v.)

[750] congratulate

[753] fog

## hng l di di wng d wi ji //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_25

[754] line of business [755] law [756] must (aux. v.) [757] treat (v.) [758] toward [759] morality [760] tiny [761] street

chng h j

[764] harmony

[765] accumulate

[767] shift (v.)

[766]

[768] autumn

[769] gloomy

## [771] profit (n.) [772] perfume (n.)

j wi xi tu yu m fn m m li li

[773] seasons

[774] committee

[775] elegant

[776] penetrate

[777] entice

[780] lost

[781] riddle

[783] come

sh lu zh xio

[786] bamboo

[788] box

[789] etc.

[792] strategy

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_26 rn rn ji fn wi r n nn

[793] person [794] recognize [795] price [796] portion [797] bogus [798] you (literary) [799] you [800] you (respectful)

[802] what?

[801]

[804] make

[805] however

[808] piece

## [809] still (adv.)

[810] he

[811] merely

xi t xn y l jin tng do rn yu

[813] body

[816] example

[817] healthy

## [818] halt (v.) [819] upside down

[820] benevolence

## [821] excellent [822] wound (n.)

shng

bo bo f f f di di hu hu hu hu

## [823] safeguard (v.)

[824] fort

[825] pay (v.) [826] government office [827] bow one's head [828] substitute for

[830] transform

## [831] splendor [832] clamor (n.) [833] flower (n.)

hu h bin

[834] commodities

[835] whatwhichwhowherewhy?

[840] internal

[844] meat

## f cng zhng zu zu w h k //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_27

[845] rotten [846] follow [847] multitude [848] sit [849] seat (n.) [850] witch [851] drink (v.) [852] thirsty

## [856] head (n.)

[857] reality

[859] sell

[861] by means of

[870] virtuous

[871] year

[872] night

[873] liquid

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_28 l sh yu w h w y c

[874] travel (v.) [875] execute [876] go swimming [877] not [878] suddenly [879] thing [880] easy [881] grant (v.)

## sh n ne; n n w w j j //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_29

[882] corpse [883] nun [884] woolen cloth [885] mud [886] habitation [887] grip (v.) [888] reside [889] saw (n.)

j j cng j ch jn h fng g h sh

[890] drama

[891] certificate

[892] story

[893] bureau

[894] ruler

[895] exhausted

[896] door

[897] domicile

[899] protect

## [900] show (v.)

sh l sh f bio jn jn zng

[901] society

[902] ceremony

[903] inspect

[904] happiness

chng j ch

[911] scrutinize

[915] oil

[916] first

[918] express

[919] extend

[920] gods

[921] fruit

[922] lesson

## k //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_30 jn tng su jn zhn zn jin

[923] granule [924] catty (n.) [925] listen [926] place (n.) [927] near [928] hew [929] temporary [930] gradually

dun zh zh sh ch s zh zn zu zu xu

[931] sever

[932] discount

[938] how?

[939] yesterday

[940] do

[944] sweep

[945] seek

[946] anxious

[947] work as

zhngcontend jng

[951]

[953] matter

[954] Tang

[955] sugar

[956] hale

[959] monarch

[962] and

[964] Confucian

[965] auspicious

[966] upright

[967] bent

[971] utilize

[972] reliable

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_31 x ji cu sn s nin x d

[973] times past [974] borrow [975] mistaken [976] scattered [977] scatter [978] twenty [979] mat [980] degrees

[983] partner

[990] of

[991] weary

## zh b fu hui hun bi hun hui //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_32

[992] blink (v.) [993] no [994] negate [995] bad [996] ring (n.) [997] cup [998] give back [999] cherish

sh z zh zh mo ru ru y x y y

[1001] tribe

[1002] know

[1003] wisdom

[1005] gentle

## [1007] bestow [1008] preface (n.)

[1009] beforehand

## bn ln jin xin gng yn m

[1011] class

[1012] be about to

[1014] worthy

## [1017] fill (v.)

qing strong ru dn dn

[1018]

[1019] weak

[1021] bullet

## fi f d d qio ho //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_33 shn sh

[1022] expense [1023] Buddha [1024] younger brother [1025] No. [1026] adroit [1027] appellation [1028] somebody [1029] shoot (v.)

xi lo ko ko y xi xi xio jio zh zh

[1030] thank

[1035] write

[1036] diarrhea

[1038] teach

## zh zhu gun gun f jio xio jio xio z po

[1041] pig

[1042] chase

[1043] bureaucrat

[1044] pipe

[1045] father

[1046] mingle

## tio l l g hu //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_34 su

[1052] jump (v.) [1053] path [1054] dew [1055] skeleton [1056] slippery [1057] Apollo [1058] aah! [1059] as you wish

[1060] Yang

[1061] Yin

[1066] stairs

[1071] descend

[1072] hole

[1073] research

[1074] abruptly

[1077] deep

[1079] hill

[1080] troops

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_35 s zh xin wi tng gi ji zhng

[1081] silk [1082] weave (v.) [1083] line (n.) [1084] maintain [1085] continuum [1086] give [1087] tie (v.) [1088] end (n.)

[1090] epoch

[1094] vertical

[1095] green

## yo x jn //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_36 qu jio f bo mng

[1100] medicine [1101] lineage [1102] tight [1103] withdraw [1104] foot [1105] apparel [1106] newspaper [1107] fate

[1112] willow

[1113] holiday

[1116] cold

[1117] zero

## tng yng cng

[1119] communicate

[1120] courageous

[1121] storehouse

[1122]

[1125] danger

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_37 ji pi qi zn zn du dun ch

[1128] liquor [1129] distribute [1130] chieftain [1131] venerate (v.) [1132] abide by [1133] beans [1134] short [1135] kitchen

g x xu gi wn jin ln ln yn gn hn

[1136] drum

[1137] joyful

[1138] blood

[1139] lid

[1140] temperature

[1141] supervise

[1143] blue

[1146] very

[1154] breakers

ning mom sh fn

[1155]

[1156] food

[1157] meal

## cn gun j gi //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_38 png png png h

[1158] dine [1159] Bldg. [1160] since [1161] approximate (adj.) [1162] even (adj.) [1163] evaluate [1164] level ground [1165] ooh!

[1168] scarce

[1169] kill

[1175] drawing

[1174]

xing cruel

[1176]

[1178] brain

[1177]

[1179] annoyed

[1181] fowl

[1184] ant

[1187] repudiate

[1189] avoid

[1190] relatives

[1191] new

[1197] nucleus

[1198] tot

## k gi sh sh xing rng hn si //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_39

[1199] carve [1200] should [1201] art [1202] narrate [1203] aid (v.) [1204] territory [1205] frigid [1206] competition

## [1208] wheat [1209] vegetarian diet [1210] blue or green

[1211] refined

[1212] invite

[1213] feelings

[1214] eyeball

[1215] pure

[1216] quiet

[1217] responsibility

j bio

## shng[1220] life xng xng xng

[1221] star (n.)

[1222] surname

[1223] sex

shngvictory fng hi g hu
[1225] plentiful

[1224]

## [1226] harm (n.) [1227] cut off (v.)

[1228] intelligent

## [1229] tanned hide

[1230] surround

[1231] great

[1232] springtime

## [1236] beat (v.)

[1237] land

zhunspecialty chun

[1238]

## zhun qn jn chu chu shu //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_40 jn hn

[1240] rotate [1241] diligent [1242] careful [1243] droop [1244] hammer (n.) [1245] sleep (v.) [1246] now [1247] harbor (v.)

## [1248] miss (v.)

[1249] east

[1250] building [1251] freeze (v.) [1252] exhibit (v.) [1253] practice (v.)

[1255] west

[1257] waist

[1258] ticket

## pio g nn //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_41 mn men xin wn jin

[1259] drift (v.) [1260] merchant [1261] south [1262] gate [1263] (plural) [1264] leisure [1265] ask [1266] interval

[1267] simple

[1268] hear

[1269] non-

[1271] guilt

[1272] lean on

[1273] marquis

[1275] decide

## kui //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_42 gn n hn gn y y y

[1278] chopsticks [1279] dry (adj.) [1280] shore [1281] drought [1282] hurry (v.) [1283] Yu [1284] eaves [1285] excess

## ch t sh s l zhng zhng dng //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_43

[1286] eliminate [1287] route (n.) [1288] bundle up [1289] quick [1290] spicy hot [1291] entire [1292] heavy [1293] understand

[1294] illness

## [1295] ache (v.)

[1296] insane

[1297] region

[1298] hub

[1299] Europe

[1300] physician

[1301] look up to

[1302] greet

[1303] ascend

## fi //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_44 xng yng ci x cn cn xi

[1305] discard (v.) [1306] shape (n.) [1307] shadow (n.) [1308] hue [1309] have to [1310] participate [1311] wretched [1312] repair (v.)

zhn chn yn yn wn wn zh q j

[1313] rare

[1314] products

## [1315] erudite [1316] countenance (n.)

[1317] literature

[1318] mosquito

[1319] this

[1320] identical

[1321] relieve

## shui rate (n.) shui

[1323] tumble (v.)

[1322]

[1324] center

[1325] England

[1328] crust

[1330] papa

## [1332] color (n.)

[1333] discontinue

[1334] gorgeous

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_45 gn mu q q j shn s gu

[1335] sweet [1336] such and such (adj.) [1337] his-hersits-theirs [1338] period of time [1339] base (n.) [1340] tremendously [1341] Sphinx [1342] expensive

## y w //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_46 qi ji z z zh p

[1343] bequeath [1344] dance (n. / v.) [1345] moreover [1346] older sister [1347] group (n.) [1348] ancestor [1349] assist (v.) [1350] universal

## y xin y yn gng gng

[1351] profession

[1352] obvious

[1353] Asia

[1354] evil

[1355] strict

[1358]

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_47 jng jing jn jio ji zu zi bin

[1360] well (n.) [1361] lecture (v.) [1362] advance (v.) [1363] angle [1364] untie [1365] orifice [1366] once more [1367] flat (adj.)

## pin bin din //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_48 sh zh hn hn d

[1368] piece of writing [1369] compile [1370] canon [1371] family name [1372] paper [1373] dusk [1374] marriage [1375] low

[1376] bottom

## [1379] Fu [1380] supplement (v.)

[1381] knowledgeable

[1382] wrestle

[1383] metropolis

## xing //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_49 dun dun hun s c sh zhu

[1387] countryside [1388] section (n.) [1389] forge (v.) [1390] unreal [1391] take charge of [1392] word (n.) [1393] book [1394] boat

## chun bn pn bn gu g //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_50 y ji

[1395] ship (n.) [1396] sort (n.) [1397] tray [1398] relocate [1399] melon [1400] orphan [1401] benefit (n.) [1402] vacation (n.)

xi q q min g xi l xn

[1408] shoes

[1409] tighten

[1410] fragrant

## shngvoice (n.) chngundertake zhng

[1413] steam (v.) [1412]

[1411]

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_51 y chun ya sh fn fn b mo

[1414] tooth [1415] pass through [1416] wow! [1417] explain [1418] try (n.) [1419] turn over [1420] broadcast (v.) [1421] fur

[1422] tail

[1423] pen

[1426] unfold

[1427] funeral

chnglong zhng

[1428]

zhngswell (v.)

[1430]

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_52 yn yng xng j jin lin xin nio

[1431] wild goose [1432] ought to [1433] excitement [1434] lift up [1435] examine [1436] face (n.) [1437] perilous [1438] bird

j yng y do y qu yo yo t y min

[1439] chicken

[1440] hawk

[1447] rabbit

[1448] flee

[1449] avoid

## wn xing xing //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_53 m m ma m yn

[1450] nightfall [1451] elephant [1452] likeness [1453] horse [1454] mama [1455] yes or no [1456] scold (v.) [1457] check (v.)

## q h l x l xing nng //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_54 yn

[1458] ride (v.) [1459] tiger [1460] ponder [1461] false [1462] deer [1463] bear (n.) [1464] ability [1465] sign of the tiger

[1468] morning

[1470] deliver

[1471] unite

[1472] ghost

[1473] demon

[1474] dragon

## //Remembering Simplified Hanzi/RSH1_55 n n ling li mn xin xun chung

[1476] that [1477] which? [1478] dos [1479] duo [1480] full [1481] county [1482] suspend [1483] window

din yn chu ni

[1484] electricity

[1485] conceal

[1486] clown

## hungyellow hng ch y wn wn lin

[1488]

[1489] horizontal

[1490] crimson

## [1493] bay (n.) [1494] be enamored of

bin bi pi to yu sh

[1496] lowly

[1499] sayeth

[1500] belong to