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CS718 : WIRELESS NETWORKS


COURSE OVERVIEW
Course Synopsis

This is a graduate level course. The course will introduce the basics of wireless communication, the evolution of modern wirele cellular networks and the design principles of cellular network. It will also demonstrate the architecture and protocols of GSM, GPRS a WCDMA cellular systems. The course will develop concepts of the emerging wireless networks: Wireless LAN, Wireless Mesh Networ Wireless Personal Area Networks, Wireless Sensor Networks, WiMAX. The emphasis will also be on exploring research issues emerging wireless networks. Course Learning Outcomes

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Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Understand the basics of wireless communication. Have adequate knowledge about the evolution of wireless systems. Understand the design of cellular systems in terms of frequency planning, system capacity and quality of communication. Have knowledge of supporting packet data traffic on cellular systems and enhancements for higher data rates. Able to carry research in emerging wireless networks.

Course Calendar Topic Introduction to Wireless Communication (Wired vs. Wireless Communication, Electromegnatic Signal, Time-Domain Cocepts, Frequency-Domain Concepts, Channel Capcity, Signal-to-Noise Ratio, EM Spectrum, Design Challenges) Introduction to Wireless Communication (Wireless Transmission, Signal Encoding and Modulation,Categories of Noise, Attenuation and other Impairments) Introduction to Wireless Communication (Multiplexing, Transmission Mediums, Propagation Modes, Multipath Propagation, Types of Fading) Lecture Resource 1 Stallings (2004)

Stallings (2004)

Stallings (2004)

Term Paper (Phase - I) Error Detecting and Correcting Techniques(Parity Check, Cyclic Redundancy Check, Block Error Code) 4 Stallings (2004)

Error Detecting and Correcting Techniques 5 (Hamming Codes, BCH Codes, Reed Solmon Codes, ARQ, Flow Control,GoBack-N, Go-Back-N ARQ) Multiple Access Techniques (FDMA, TDMA, 6 CDMA, ALOHA based Random Access Techniques) CSMA and Spread Spectrum (Frequency Hoping and Direct Sequence) Evolution of Wireless Networks (1G Cellular Networks(NMT,AMPS,TACS), 2G Cellular Networks(GSM,IS-136,IS-95)) Evolution of Wireless Networks (2.5G 7 8

Stallings (2004)

Rappaport (2002)

Rappaport (2002) Rappaport (2002)

Rappaport (2002)

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Evolution of Wireless Networks (2.5G Cellular Networks(HSCSD,GPRS,EDGE,IS-95B), 3G Cellular Networks(UMTS/WCDMA,CDMA2000,TD-SCDMA))

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Rappaport (2002)

Evolution of Wireless Networks (Limitation 10 of 3G, 4G Objectives,Issues,QoS,Security,Multimedia Services and Applications, Convergence of Cellular and WLAN, Billing Issue, WLANS(IEEE802.11), WiMAX(IEEE802.16), Wireless PAN(IEEE802.15))

Rappaport (2002)

Assignment No. 1 Fundamentals of Cellular Concepts(Cellular Concept, AMPS Architecture, Frequency Reuse, Locating co-channel cells) Fundamentals of Cellular Concepts (Channel Assignment Strategies,Handoff Strategies,Prioritizing Handoff,Practical Handoff Considerations) Fundamentals of Cellular Concepts (Cochannel Interference and Capacity, Adjacent Channel Interference and Capacity, Channel Planning for Wireless System) Fundamentals of Cellular Concepts (Trunking and Grade of Service,Measuring Traffic Intensity,Trunked Systems,Erlang Charts,Improving Coverage and Capacity,Cell Splitting,Sectoring,Repeaters for Range Extension,Microcell Zone Concept) 11 Rappaport (2002)

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Rappaport (2002)

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Rappaport (2002)

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Rappaport (2002)

Analog Mobile Phone System (Introduction, 15 Architecture, System Overview, Call Handling, Air Interface, Supervisory Signals, N-AMPS) GSM: Global System for Mobile Communication (Introduction, System Architecture, Network Areas, Specifications, Subscriber Services, Mobility, Identifiers in GSM Network) Identifiers in GSM Network(Contd..), Call Routing in GSM, GPRS: General Packet Radio Service (Introduction, Architecture, Registration and Session Management, Routing Scenario in GPRS, Channels Classification) 16

Rappaport (2002)

Rappaport (2002)

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J Cai, D. J. Goodman, General Packet Radio Service, IEEE Communication Magzine, 1997, IEEE VTC 2000

GPRS: General Packet Radio Service 18 (Protocol Architecture, Air Interface, Data Routing and Mobility, Uplink Data Transfer, Downlink Data Transfer, QoS in GPRS, EDGE Airlink) IS-136, IS-136 Channels and Specifications, CDMA One / IS-95 (Advantages and Drawbacks of CDMA Cellular,Mobile Wireless CDMA Design Considerations, IS-95 CDMA Forward Channel) Walsh Codes, IS-95 Reverse Link, EDGE: Enhanced Data Rate for GSM Evolution (Introduction, Modulation and Coding Schemes, Link Adaptation and Incremental Redundancy, Capacity Planning, Dynamic Abis Pool, Benefits) 19

J Cai, D. J. Goodman, General Packet Radio Service, IEEE Communication Magzine, 1997, IEEE VTC 2000

Rappaport (2002)

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M. Eriksson, A. Furuskar, M. Johansson, S. Mazur, J. Molno, C. Tidestav, The GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network - GERAN; System Overview and Performance Evaluation, pp. 2305-9

Assignment No. 2 WCDMA / UMTS (Introduction,Service Classes in UMTS, UTRAN Architecture, Radio Interface protocol Architecture, Protocol Models for UTRAN, Logical 21 Holma and Toskala (2001)

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Protocol Models for UTRAN, Logical Channels in WCDMA) WCDMA / UMTS (Spreading and Scrambling, Transport and Physical Channels, Signalling, Physical Layer Procedures) WCDMA / UMTS (Compressed Mode Measurements, Handover Measurements, WCDMA Packet Data Access, Transport Channels For Packet Data, Packet Scheduling Algorithms) CDMA 2000 (Introduction, New MAC and Physical Layer Features,Physical Layer of cdma2000, Reverse Physical Channels, New Network Elements in cdma2000, Mobility Management, Handoff) Review of Lectures 1-24 Wireless LAN/IEEE 802.11 (Overview, IEEE 802.11 Protocols, Architecture, Services, MAC Protocols, CSMA/CA Algorithm) Problems with DCF, RTC / CTS Protocol, PCF, MAC Frames, Physical Media in Original IEEE 802.11 Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (Introduction, Characteristics, Ad Hoc vs. Cellular Networks, Applications, Challenges,Routing Protocols (DSDV,AODV,DSR,TORA,OLSR,ZRP)) 25 26 Gast (2005) 22 Holma and Toskala (2001)

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Holma and Toskala (2001)

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Etemad (2004)

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Gast (2005)

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Gast (2005)

Midterm Examination 802.11 Security, Types of Attacks, Flaws, WEP Protocol, WEP Authentication, Security Flaws in Original 802.11, IBSS Security Model QoS in WLAN, Limitations of QoS in IEEE 802.11, Overview of 802.11e, Traffic Categories, EDCF,HCF, Mobile IP in Details 29 1)Gast (2005) 2)C. He, J. C. Mitchell , Security Analysis and Improvements for IEEE 802.11i, NDSS Symposium 2005 3)C. He, J. C Mitchell, Security Analysis and Improvements for IEEE 802.11i, Tech. report, Stanford University. 1)Stallings (2004) 2)Yang Xiao, "IEEE 802.11e QoS provisioning at the MAC layer", Volume: 11 Issue: 3, Pages: 72-79, IEEE Wireless Communications, 2004 Presentations Assignment No. 3 Introduction to Wireless Mesh Networks, Characteristics, WMN vs MANET, Architecture, Applications, Critical Factors Influencing Performance MAC Layer in WMN, Network Layer in WMN, QoS Support at Each Layer,WMN Standards TCP for Wireless Networks (Motivation, TCP Variants, Issues in Heterogeneous Wireless Networks, TCP Schemes for Wireless) Sensor Networks (Introduction, Applications, Factors Influencing Performance of WSN, Architecture and Communication Protocols, Challenges in WSNs) 31 I. F. Akyildiz, X. Wang, W. Wang, Wireless mesh networks: a survey, Computer Networks pp. 445-487, 2005.

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I. F. Akyildiz, X. Wang, W. Wang, Wireless mesh networks: a survey, Computer Networks pp. 445-487, 2005. M. Patel, N. Tanna, P. Patel, R. Banerjee , TCP over Wireless Networks: Issues, Challenges and Survey of Solutions, Tech. Report, University of Texas, 2001. I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, E. Cayirci , Wireless sensor networks: a survey, Computer Networks issue 38 pp. 393-422, 2002

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Research Directions, TinyOS, Overview of 35 MAC Protocols in WSN, Energy Efficiency in MAC, Proposed MAC Routing Protocol in WSNs Routing Challenges and Design Issues, Routing Protocols in WSN (SPIN, Directed Diffusion, ACQUIRE, LEACH, TEEN/APTEEN, GAF, GEAR, SPEED) 36

Demirkol I., Ersoy C., & Alagoz F., (2006). MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. IEEE Comm. Magzine, pp. 115-121.

K. Akkaya, M. Younis , A survey on routing protocols for wireless sensor networks, Ad Hoc Networks, 3 (2005) 325349.

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Transport Protocols for WSN, TCP/UDP for WSN, Security Threats in WSN, TinySec, Motivations of Link Layer security, TinySec Design Goals, Semantic Secure Encryption in TinySec Security primitives in TinySec, Encryption Schemes, Keying mechanism, Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks(WMSN), Wireless Sensor Actor Networks(WSAN), WSANs vs. WSN Introduction to WPAN, Bluetooth introduction, Technical Features, Access Technique, Bluetooth Topology/Scenario, Specifications and Architecture, Core Protocols, Packet Format, Link Connections and Flow Specification Parameters High Rate WPAN (IP Over Bluetooth,Bluetooth Security,WPAN Standards,IEEE 802.15.3 Overview,Topology,Coordination,Medium Acces,Channel Time Management,Power management,MAC Frame format) 37 C. Wang1 M. Daneshmand, B. Li, K. Sohraby, A Survey of Transport Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks, IEEE Network Magazine

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1)I. F. Akyildiz, T. Melodia, K. R. Chowdhury, A survey on wireless multimedia sensor networks, Computer Networks, no. 51, pp. 921-960, 2007. 2)I. F. Akyildiz, I. H. Kasimoglu, Wireless sensor and actor networks: research challenges, Elsevier Ad hoc Net 1)Stallings (2004) 2)B. Chatschik, "An overview of the Bluetooth wireless technology", Volume 39, Issue 12, Page(s):86 - 94, IEEE Communications Magazine, 2001, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/35/20896/00968817.pdf? tp=&arnumber=968817&isnumber=20896 3)P[1

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IEEE LAN/MAN Standard Committee, Part 15.3: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY), Specifications for High Rate Wireless, Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

Assignment No. 4 IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee (Overview,Basics,Type of Devices,Topology,Addressing,Physical Layer,Channel Access Mechanisms,Data Transfer Model,Superframe Structure) WiMax/IEEE 802.16 (Basics and Overview, Fourm, IEEE 802.16 Evolution and Standard,Comparison 802.11 and 802.16,Network Architecture,OFDM,OFDMA,Physical Layer Features,MAC Layer) WiMax/IEEE 802.16 MAC QoS (Reference Model,Burst Profiles,Convergence Sublayers,MAC PDU Format and Transmission,Fragmentation / Packing,Request/Grant Scheme,Classes of Uplink Service,Power Management/Handoff) 41 Zigbee IEEE 802.15.4 Summary, http://www.eecs.berkeley.edu/~csinem/academic/publications/zigbee.pdf

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1)Stallings (2004) 2)Mobile WiMAX Part I: A Technical Overview and Performance Evaluation, WiMAX Forum, 2006.

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Mobile WiMAX Part I: A Technical Overview and Performance Evaluation, WiMAX Forum, 2006.

Term Paper (Phase - II) 4G Overview,Issues,Mobility Management,Handoffs (Types,Issues,Process and Standard),QoS Considerations Review of Lectures 26 - 44 44 Mobile WiMAX Part I: A Technical Overview and Performance Evaluation, WiMAX Forum, 2006.

45 Final Examination

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