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Biology Chapter 10: The Reproductive Organs of Flowering Plants

1. A typical flower consists of a _____________ that supports the flower. The swollen part right above it is
called the ____________________.

Figure 1

2. Label Figure 1.
3. The male reproductive organ of a flower is known as ________________. It consists of ______________
and _________________.
4. The female reproductive organ of a flower is known as ________________. It consists of ______________,
__________________ and _________________.
5. In the ovary of a plant, the ________________ becomes fruit while the __________________ becomes
seeds after fertilization.
6. What are the functions of anther and stigma in a flower?

7. A complete flower consists of _________________, _________________, _________________ and


________________.

8. Incomplete flower is divided into ____________________, _______________________,


____________________ and ________________________.

9. Link the following incomplete flowers with their respective characteristics.

a. Achlamydeous flower

posses either stamen or pistil

b. Monoclhlamydeous flower

posses a single layer of perianth only

c. Unisexual flower

has no stamen and pistil

d. Neutral flower

the perianth is absent

10. A ____________________ is flower that can be divided into two similar halves at any diameter; a
____________________ is flower which can be divided into two similar halves in one plane only.
11. What is pollination?

12. _______________________ occurs when the pollen grains of a flower are transferred to the stigma of the
same flower or another flower of the same plant.

13. _______________________ occurs when the pollen grains of a flower are transferred to the stigma of
another flower of a different plant.

14. List out the mediums of pollination together with examples.

15. The union of a male gamete and a female gamete to produce a zygote is called ____________________.
16. The pollen on the stigma grows a long tube called _________________________ after pollination.
17. The ovary wall develops into the fruit wall or the ______________________.
18. A fruit consists of two main parts: ________________________ and _______________________.
19. The pericarp consists of 3 layers: _______________________, ______________________ and
___________________.
20. The seed of a fruit is made up of _________________, __________________ and _________________.

21. A __________________ is one which is developed solely from the ovary. Eg. ___________________
22. A ___________________ is one which is formed from other parts besides the ovary. Eg. ______________
23. In the classifications of fruits, ______________________ refers to fruits formed from a single ovary of a
flower; ___________________ refers to fruits formed from several ovaries of a flower;
_________________ refers to fruits formed from a bunch of flowers called inflorescence.
24. What are the functions of fruits?

25. Seeds and fruits are dispersed via 4 methods:

26. Seed is protected by __________________.


27. ______________ is a scar left by the stalk which attaches the seed to the fruit wall.
28. _________________ is a tiny pore on top of the hilum, allowing water and air to enter.
29. The body of embryo is made up of ____________________, ____________________,
_________________ and _____________________.
30. _____________________ is the growth of a plant from the seed when they get enough air, water and
suitable temperature.
31. State three conditions needed for germination.