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TABLE A-1 Arnold Data

Effectiveness
Number of agencies
Congestion-reducing measures 0 = Minimum 1 = Average
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Reconstructing highways with improved design 3 18
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Constructing new highways 2 11
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Widening by adding general purpose lanes 2 18
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Providing highway grade separations 0 6
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Providing railroad grade separations 1 10
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Toll-based financing to expedite new facility construction 0 5
Increasing supply/adding capacity: Constructing HOV lanes 1 1
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Intersection improvements (channelization,
2 40 turn lanes, signin
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Other signal improvements, including
4 hardware,
37 upgrades, re
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Coordinated signal systems (arterial,
0 grid,
27closed loop)
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Removing/restricting on-street 9 parking 29
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Traffic management during 10 reconstruction
34or other major imp
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Turn prohibitions 9 33
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Improving other traffic control8devices 31
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: One-way streets 4 26
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Prohibiting maintenance/repairs2 on major13routesduring peak
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Providing additional lanes w/o 2 widening (shoulders,
16 narrower
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Arterial access management6 5
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Incident detection/management 0 system/program
13
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Traffic surveillance/control system
0 4
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Traffic management team 2 7
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Converting existing facilities to
1 HOV facilities
6
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Goods' movement management 3 6
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Motorist information system 1 5
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Ramp metering 1 6
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Reversible traffic lanes on arterials
1 6
Managing existing supply/using existing capacity more efficiently: Integrated freeway and arterial0 surveillance/control
5 system
Managing/reducing existing demand: Providing public information on rideshare/transit 14 18
Managing/reducing existing demand: Park and ride lots 6 20
Managing/reducing existing demand: Implementing/improving transit fixed-route services 9 19
Managing/reducing existing demand: Daily flexible work hours (staggered/flextime) 4 18
Managing/reducing existing demand: Implementing/improving paratransit services 13 13
Managing/reducing existing demand: Commuter matching services 7 14
Managing/reducing existing demand: Subsidizing transit usage 8 16
Managing/reducing existing demand: Promoting nonvehicular alternatives to auto usage 11 13
Managing/reducing existing demand: Alternative work hours (compressed workweek) 4 17
Managing/reducing existing demand: Implementing express bus services 3 12
Managing/reducing existing demand: Implementing transportation management associations 5 11
Managing/reducing existing demand: Car/vanpool preferential parking 3 12
Managing/reducing existing demand: Communication in lieu of travel (teleconferencing) 6 10
Managing/reducing existing demand: Reducing or not increasing transit fares 3 9
Managing/reducing existing demand: Tax incentives for vanpools 3 7
Managing/reducing existing demand: Guaranteed ride home program 10 2
Managing/reducing existing demand: Communication in lieu of travel (telecommuting) 2 10
Managing/reducing existing demand: Government control of parking supply and location 4 5
Managing/reducing existing demand: Implementing/improving rail transit services 1 5
Managing/reducing existing demand: Reduced tolls for ridesharers 4 7
Managing/reducing existing demand: Differential parking rates 3 5
Avoiding/controlling demand growth: Growth management by public policy/ordinance/planning 5 29
Avoiding/controlling demand growth: Auto-restricted zones 1 1
Avoiding/controlling demand growth: Designing multiuse sites to minimize traffic 3 13
Avoiding/controlling demand growth: Mandatory trip reduction for new developments 2 6
Avoiding/controlling demand growth: Road/congestion pricing 0 2
Averages: Add supply 1.3 9.9
Averages: TSM 3.3 17.5
Averages: TDM 5.9 11.6
Averages: Growth control 2.2 10.2
All 4.3 13.8
HOV = high-occupancy vehicle
TDM = travel demand management
TSM = transportation system management
Cost Implementation
encies Number of agencies Number of agencies
2 = Maximum Sum Mean score 0 = Inexpensive1 = Average 2 = Expensive Sum Mean score 0 = Easy
37 58 1.59 2 16 39 57 1.65 4
39 52 1.71 1 5 45 51 1.86 4
25 45 1.51 1 20 24 45 1.51 4
20 26 1.77 0 3 23 26 1.88 2
14 25 1.52 0 3 21 24 1.88 3
11 16 1.69 2 6 8 16 1.38 1
7 9 1.67 1 3 6 10 1.50 0
26 68 1.35 10 47 8 65 0.97 23
24 65 1.31 17 45 3 65 0.78 44
35 62 1.56 11 46 2 59 0.85 32
21 59 1.20 46 11 0 57 0.19 20
12 56 1.04 14 33 7 54 0.87 27
11 53 1.04 46 7 0 53 0.13 31
11 50 1.06 20 26 3 49 0.65 30
15 45 1.24 22 21 0 43 0.49 13
35 50 1.66 27 22 1 50 0.48 31
16 34 1.41 15 14 6 35 0.74 15
7 18 1.06 12 4 1 17 0.35 3
1 14 1.07 4 8 1 13 0.77 4
5 9 1.56 1 6 2 9 1.11 2
3 12 1.08 8 3 2 13 0.54 8
4 11 1.27 5 1 5 11 1.00 2
0 9 0.67 4 4 0 8 0.50 1
2 8 1.13 2 5 2 9 1.00 5
0 7 0.86 1 5 2 8 1.13 1
3 10 1.20 3 6 1 10 0.80 3
3 8 1.38 0 4 3 7 1.43 1
5 37 0.76 22 15 0 37 0.41 30
10 36 1.11 6 25 4 35 0.94 9
3 31 0.81 7 17 7 31 1.00 16
9 31 1.16 25 6 0 31 0.19 18
2 28 0.61 3 17 8 28 1.18 10
8 29 1.03 12 17 0 29 0.59 17
4 28 0.86 3 16 10 29 1.24 14
3 27 0.70 8 15 3 26 0.81 10
1 22 0.86 19 3 0 22 0.14 13
7 22 1.18 2 12 7 21 1.24 6
1 17 0.76 6 12 0 18 0.67 5
4 19 1.05 13 4 1 18 0.33 10
2 18 0.78 10 8 0 18 0.44 10
1 13 0.85 3 6 5 14 1.14 6
1 11 0.82 3 8 0 11 0.73 4
1 13 0.31 9 4 0 13 0.31 9
0 12 0.83 5 6 1 12 0.67 4
0 9 0.56 5 2 2 9 0.67 3
4 10 1.30 0 5 6 11 1.55 2
1 12 0.75 5 7 0 12 0.58 6
0 8 0.63 5 2 1 8 0.50 4
8 42 1.07 17 21 4 42 0.69 3
2 4 1.25 0 4 0 4 1.00 0
2 18 0.94 5 12 1 18 0.78 5
4 12 1.17 6 4 1 11 0.55 1
0 2 1.00 0 1 1 2 1.50 0
21.9 33 1.62 1 8 23.7 32.7 1.69 2.6
11.7 32.4 1.26 13.4 15.9 2.5 31.8 0.66 14.8
3.2 20.6 0.87 8.1 9.9 2.6 20.6 0.73 9.8
3.2 15.6 1.06 5.6 8.4 1.4 15.4 0.73 1.8
6.7 24.9 1.10 10 12.2 2.4 24.6 0.69 10.9
agencies
Implementation reporting
Number of agencies use of
1 = Average 2 = Difficult Sum Mean score measure
26 26 56 1.39 64
23 23 50 1.38 56
24 17 45 1.29 51
8 16 26 1.54 27
11 10 24 1.29 26
5 10 16 1.56 13
3 7 10 1.70 9
36 5 64 0.72 75
20 0 64 0.31 71
21 5 58 0.53 66
23 16 59 0.93 64
20 5 52 0.58 60
17 4 52 0.48 59
19 1 50 0.42 54
21 9 43 0.91 52
17 1 49 0.39 52
15 4 34 0.68 34
10 4 17 1.06 19
8 1 13 0.77 14
4 2 8 1.00 12
4 1 13 0.46 11
2 7 11 1.45 8
5 3 9 1.22 8
3 1 9 0.56 7
5 1 7 1.00 6
4 3 10 1.00 5
4 2 7 1.14 3
5 1 36 0.19 40
22 4 35 0.86 40
12 3 31 0.58 34
10 3 31 0.52 33
14 4 28 0.79 32
9 2 28 0.46 31
12 3 29 0.62 28
13 4 27 0.78 26
5 3 21 0.52 23
11 4 21 0.90 22
13 0 18 0.72 19
6 1 17 0.47 19
6 2 18 0.56 17
6 2 14 0.71 13
5 2 11 0.82 12
4 0 13 0.31 11
6 2 12 0.83 11
5 1 9 0.78 11
4 5 11 1.27 10
4 2 12 0.67 7
4 0 8 0.50 7
18 20 41 1.41 41
3 1 4 1.25 25
12 1 18 0.78 18
5 6 12 1.42 11
2 0 2 1.00 1
14.3 15.6 32.4 1.40 35.1
12.9 3.8 31.5 0.65 34
8.4 2.3 20.5 0.63 21.2
8 5.6 15.4 1.25 19.2
10.2 3.3 24.4 0.69 26.3