Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

Bradley Edward Manning (born 17 December 1987) is a former United States Army soldier who was convicted in July

2013 of several violations of the Espionage Act and other offenses, after releasing the largest set of restricted documents ever leaked to the public. He was sentenced to 35 years in prison and dishonorably discharged.[1] He will be eligible for parole after serving one third of his sentence, and together with credits for time served and good behavior could be released after eight years.[3] Assigned in 2009 to an army unit based near Baghdad, Manning had access there to databases used by the United States government to transmit classified information. He was arrested in Iraq in May 2010 after Adrian Lamo, a computer hacker, told the FBI that Manning had confided during online chats that he had downloaded material from these databases and passed it to WikiLeaks. The material included videos of the 12 July 2007 Baghdad airstrike and the 2009 Granai airstrike in Afghanistan; 250,000 United States diplomatic cables; and 500,000 army reports that came to be known as the Iraq War logs and Afghan War logs.[4] Much of the material was published by WikiLeaks or its media partners between April and November 2010.[4] Manning was ultimately charged with 22 offenses, including aiding the enemy, the most serious charge.[5] He was held at the Marine Corps Brig, Quantico, Virginia, from July 2010 to April 2011 under Prevention of Injury status which entailed de facto solitary confinement and other restrictions that caused domestic and international concern before being transferred to Fort Leavenworth, where he could interact with other detainees.[6] He pleaded guilty in February 2013 to 10 of the charges.[7] The trial on the remaining charges began on 3 June 2013, and on 30 July he was convicted of 17 of the original charges and amended versions of four others; he was acquitted of aiding the enemy.[2] On 21 August he was sentenced to 35 years in prison, with a credit of 1,293 days for his time in pre-trial detention, including 112 days' credit for his treatment at Quantico.[1] He will serve his time at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas in the United States Disciplinary Barracks.[8] Reaction to Manning's disclosures, arrest and sentence was mixed. Denver Nicks, one of his biographers, writes that the leaked material, particularly the diplomatic cables, was widely seen as a catalyst for the Arab Spring that began in December 2010, and that Manning was viewed as both a 21st-century Tiananmen Square Tank Man and an embittered

traitor.[9] Several commentators focused on why an apparently very unhappy Army private had access to classified material, and why security measures had not prevented the unauthorized downloads.[10] Reporters Without Borderscondemned the sentence received by Manning, saying it demonstrates how vulnerable whistleblowers are and exemplifies how severely the US will punish "anyone who uncovers information of public interest concerning the exercise of official power."[11]