Code No: R5102304

1

I B.Tech (R05) Supplementary Examinations, June 2009 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Write about: (a) Bacterial locomotion (b) Bacterial shapes 2. What are Cytokines? What role do they play in plant growth and development?

[2× 8 = 16]

[16] 3. Explain Helminthes parasitology taking Taenia solium as an example. 4. Discuss the role of the main enzymes and proteins required during DNA replication. [16] 5. What are the various endocrine glands and their secretions? Explain the functions of these hormones. [16] 6. Explain in detail the structure and functions of neuron. 7. How biotechnological methods will solve the problems of environmental pollution? [16] 8. Explain the methodology of gene transfer. [16] [16] [16]

Code No: R5102304

2

I B.Tech (R05) Supplementary Examinations, June 2009 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Write a short note on biodiversity. 2. Explain the general structure and life cycle of Bryophytes. 3. Giving important characteristics write about Invertebrate classification. 4. Describe what is meant by the term “Transcription” of DNA? 5. Write short notes on: (a) Mitochondria (b) Thyroid gland (c) Thrombocytes or platelets (d) Digestion. 6. Explain in detail the structure and functions of neuron. 7. Discuss some important historical milestones in development of molecular biotechnology.

[16] [16] [16] [16]

[4x4= 16] [16] [16]

8. What is the goal of genetic engineering in agriculture? What are the advantages of genetically modified crops. [16]

Code No: R5102304

3

I B.Tech (R05) Supplementary Examinations, June 2009 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Discuss the importance of five-kingdom classification. 2. What are Meristems? Explain in detail.

[16] [16]

3. Explain the term “vector” in parasitology, taking the helminthes Wucheria bancrofti as an example. [16] 4. Describe the double helix structure of DNA. [16]

5. Explain in brief the organs and organ systems present in the human body and describe their major functions. [16] 6. Trance the pathway of sound vibrations from the external environment to the receptor cells in the spiran organ of the ear. [16] 7. Define biotechnology and explain the areas of interest in Biotechnology. [16]

8. What types of genetically determined traits would be associated with increased crop production? [16]

Code No: R5102304

4

I B.Tech (R05) Supplementary Examinations, June 2009 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY (Bio-Technology) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks

1. Briefly explain a typical eukaryotic cell characteristic. 2. Briefly explain the life cycle of Pteridophytes. 3. Discuss about the cycling of matter in an ecosystem. 4. Write about the main events occurring during DNA replication.

[16] [16] [16] [16]

5. Explain the human body fluid compartments and describe the intracellular and extra cellular body fluids and their functions. [16] 6. Write short notes on (a) Neuron (b) Synapse (c) Neurotransmitters (d) Neuromuscular junction. 7. Define biotechnology? How biotechnological development contribute to benefit humanity. 8. Explain the advantages and limitations of genetically modified crops. [4x4= 16] [16] [16]

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