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STRUCTURAL SHAPES

Designations, Dimensions, and Properties


The hot rolled shapes shown in Part 1 of this Manual are published in ASTM Specification
Ab/AbM,
.
shapes have essentially parallel flange surfaces. The profile of a shape of a given
nominal depth and weight available from different producers is essentially the same
except for the size of fillets between the web and flange.
bearing pile shapes have essentially parallel flange surfaces and equal web and
flange thicknesses. The profile of an shape of a given nominal depth and weight
available from different producers is essentially the same.
American Standard Beams ) and American Standard Channels ) have a slope of
approximately 17 percent 2 in 12 inches) on the inner flange surfaces. The profiles of
and shapes of a given nominal depth and weight available from different producers are
essentially the same.
The letter designates shapes that cannot be classified as , , or shapes.
Similarly, designates channels that cannot be classified as shapes. Because many
of the and shapes are only available from a limited number of producers, or are
infrequently rolled, their availability should be checked prior to specifying these shapes.
They may or may not have slopes on their inner flange surfaces, dimensions for which
may be obtained from the respective producing mills.
The flange thickness given in the table from , , , and shapes is the average
flange thickness.
In calculating the theoretical weights, properties, and dimensions of the rolled shapes
listed in Part 1 of this Manual, fillets and roundings have been included for all shapes
except angles. Because of differences in fillet radii among producers, actual properties
of rolled shapes may vary slightly from those tabulated. Dimensions for detailing are
generally based on the largest theoreticalsize fillets produced.
Iqual leg and unequal leg angle ) shapes of the same nominal size available from
different producers have profiles which are essentially the same, except for the size of
fillet between the legs and the shape of the ends of the legs. The distance given in the
tables for each angle is based on the theoretical largest size fillet available. Availability
of certain angles is subject to rolling accumulation and geographical location, and should
be checked with material suppliers.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
STRUCTURAI SHAPIS 25
Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40
W40

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16
W16

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10
W10

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8
W8

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
M12
M12

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S24
S8
S8
S8
S8

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
1
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
HP14
HP14
HP14
HP14
HP14
HP14
HP14

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Compact
Section
Criteria
1 2
10
6
EIastic Properties
PIastic
ModuIus
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
2
Ib ksi ksi 1/ksi)
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
3

Desig-
nation
Area
Web FIange Distance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Depth Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
C15
C15
C15
C15
C15
C15
C15
C5
C5
C8
C8
C8
C8
C8
C8
C8
C8
C8

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Shear
Center
Loca-
tion
PNA
Loca-
tion
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
Ib in. in. in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in.

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18
MC18

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Shear
Center
Loca-
tion
PNA
Loca-
tion
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
Ib in. in. in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in.

Desig-
nation
Area Depth
Web FIange Distance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
MC9
MC9
MC9
MC9
MC9

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Shear
Center
Loca-
tion
PNA
Loca-
tion
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
Ib in. in. in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in.

Size
and
Thickness
Weight
per
ft Area
Axis X-X
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.
L8 8
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L7 4
L7 4
L7 4

Size
and
Thickness
Axis Y-Y Axis Z-Z
Tan
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
L8 8
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L8 8 1
L7 4
L7 4
L7 4

Size
and
Thickness
Weight
per
ft Area
Axis X-X
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 3
L6 3
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5

Size
and
Thickness
Axis Y-Y Axis Z-Z
Tan
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 6 1
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 4
L6 3
L6 3
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5
L5 5

Size
and
Thickness
Weight
per
ft Area
Axis X-X
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3

Size
and
Thickness
Axis Y-Y Axis Z-Z
Tan
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
L5 3
4 3
4 3
4 3

Size
and
Thickness
Weight
per
ft Area
Axis X-X
in. in. Ib in. in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
in.
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3

Size
and
Thickness
Axis Y-Y Axis Z-Z
Tan
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L4 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3
L3 3

Size
and
Thickness
Weight
per
ft Area
Axis X-X
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2

Size
and
Thickness
Axis Y-Y Axis Z-Z
Tan
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L2 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2
L3 2

STRUCTURAL TEES WT, MT, ST)


Structural tees are obtained by splitting the webs of various beams, generally with the
aid of rotary shears, and straightening to meet established permissible variations listed
in Standard Mill Practice in Part 1 of this Manual.
Although structural tees may be obtained by offcenter splitting, or by splitting at two
lines, as specified on order, the Dimensions and Properties are based on a depth of tee
equal to onehalf the published beam depth. Values of are given for = 8b ksi and
= 5O ksi, for those tees having stems which exceed the limiting widththickness ratio
of IRID Specification Section B5. Since the cross section is comprised entirely of
unstiffened elements, = 1.O and = for all tee sections. The IlexuralTorsional
Properties Table lists the dimensional values and ) and crosssection constants and
) needed for checking flexuraltorsional buckling.
Use of TabIe
The table may be used as follows for checking the limit states of 1) flexural buckling
about the xaxis and 2) flexuraltorsional buckling. The lower of the two limit states
must be used for design. See also Part 8 of this IRID Manual.
Where no value of is shown, the design compressive strength for this limit state is
given by IRID Specification Section I2. Where a value of is shown, the strength
must be reduced in accordance with Appendix B5 of the IRID Specification.
The design compressive strength for this limit state is given by IRID Specification
Section I8. This involves calculations with , , and . Refer to the IlexuralTorsional
Properties Tables, later in Part 1.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
STRUCTURAI TIIS WT, MT, ST) b7
Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Designation
Area
Depth of
Tee
Stem Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Desig-
nation
Area
Depth
of
Tee
Stem
Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

Desig-
nation
Area
Depth
of
Tee
Stem
Area
of
Stem
FIange
Dis-
tance
Grip
Max.
FIge.
Fas-
tener
Thickness
2
Width Thickness
in.
2
in. in. in. in.
2
in. in. in. in. in. in.

Nom-
inaI
Wt.
per
ft
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y *
, ksi
Ib in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3
36 50

DOUBLE ANGLES
Properties of double angles in contact and separated are listed in the following tables.
Iach table shows properties of double angles in contact, and the radius of gyration about
the YY axis when the legs of the angles are separated. Values of are given for = 8b
ksi and = 5O ksi for those angles exceeding the widththickness ratio of IRID
Specification Section B5. Since the cross section is comprised entirely of unstiffened
elements, = 1.O and = , for all angle sections. The IlexuralTorsional Properties
Table lists the dimensional values , , and ) needed for checking flexuraltorsional
buckling.
Use of TabIe
The table may be used as follows for checking the limit states of 1) flexural buckling
and 2) flexuraltorsional buckling. The lower of the two limit states must be used for
design. See also Part 8 of this IRID Manual.
Where no value of is shown, the design compressive strength for this limit state is
given by IRID Specification Section I2. Where a value of is shown, the strength
must be reduced in accordance with Appendix B5 of the IRID Specification.
The design compressive strength for this limit state is given by IRID Specification
Sections I8 and I4. This involves calculations with , , and . These torsional constants
can be obtained by summing the respective values for single angles listed in the
IlexuralTorsional Properties Tables in Part 1 of this Manual.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
DOUBII ANGIIS 91
Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

Designation
Wt.
per ft
2 AngIes
Area of
2 AngIes
Axis X-X
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

Designation
Axis Y-Y *
Radii of Gyration AngIes in Contact AngIes Separated
Back to Back of
AngIes, in.
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi
=
36 ksi
=
50 ksi 0
3
8
3
4

COMBINATION SECTIONS
Standard rolled shapes are frequently combined to produce efficient and economical
structural members for special applications. Ixperience has established a demand for
certain combinations. When properly sized and connected to satisfy the design and
specification criteria, these members may be used as struts, lintels, eave struts, and light
crane and trolley runways. The section with channel attached to the web is not
recommended for use as a trolley or crane runway member. Properties of several
combined sections are tabulated for those combinations that experience has proven to be
in popular demand.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
COMBINATION SICTIONS 1O5
Beam ChanneI
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
=
1
2
=
2
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in.

Beam ChanneI
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
1
in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3

Beam ChanneI
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
=
1
2
=
2
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in.

Beam ChanneI
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
1
in. in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
3

VerticaI
ChanneI
HorizontaI
ChanneI
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
1
2
2 1
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

VerticaI
ChanneI
HorizontaI
ChanneI
Axis Y-Y
1
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

VerticaI
ChanneI
HorizontaI
ChanneI
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
1
2
2 1
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

VerticaI
ChanneI
HorizontaI
ChanneI
Axis Y-Y
1
in.
4
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
1
2
2 1
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
Axis Y-Y
1
1
2
2 1
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
1
2
2 1
Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
Axis Y-Y
1
1
2
2 1
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
TotaI
Weight
per ft
TotaI
Area
Axis X-X
1
1
2
2 1
Ib in.
2
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

ChanneI AngIe
Axis Y-Y
1
1
2
2 1
in.
3
in.
3
in. in. in.
3
in.

STEEL PIPE AND STRUCTURAL TUBING


GeneraI
When designing and specifying steel pipe or tubing as compression members, refer to
comments in the notes for Columns, Steel Pipe, and Structural Tubing, in Part 8. Ior
standard mill practices and tolerances, refer to page 1188. Ior material specifications
and availability, see Tables 14 through 1b, Part 1.
SteeI Pipe
The Tables of Dimensions and Properties of Steel Pipe unfilled) list a selected range of
sizes of standard, extra strong, and doubleextra strong pipe. Ior a complete range of
sizes manufactured, refer to catalogs of the manufacturers or to the American Institute
for Hollow Structural Sections AIHSS).
StructuraI Tubing
The Tables of Dimensions and Properties of Square and Rectangular Structural Tubing
unfilled) list a selected range of frequently used sizes. Ior dimensions and properties of
other sizes, refer to catalogs from the manufacturers or AIHSS.
The tables are based on an outside corner radius equal to two times the specified wall
thickness. Material specifications stipulate that the outside corner radius may vary up to
three times the specified wall thickness. This variation should be considered in those
details where a close match or fit is important.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
12O DIMINSIONS AND PROPIRTIIS
Dimensions
Weight
per ft Ibs
PIain
Ends
Properties
NominaI
Diameter
Outside
Diameter
Inside
Diameter
WaII
Thickness Area
in. in. in. in. in.
2
in.4 in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
Standard Weight
Extra Strong
DoubIe-Extra Strong


Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3


Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3


Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3


Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3


Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



Dimensions Properties**
NominaI*
Size
WaII
Thickness
Weight
per ft Area
X-X Axis Y-Y Axis

in. in. Ib in.
2
in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4
in.
3
in.
3
in. in.
4



BARS AND PLATES
Product AvaiIabiIity
Plates are readily available in seven of the structural steel specifications listed in Section
A8.1 of the AISC IRID Specification. These are: ASTM A8b, A242, A529, A572, A588,
A514, and A852. Bars are available in all of these steels except A514 and A852. Table 11
shows the availability of each steel in terms of plate thickness.
The Manual user is referred to the discussion on p. 15, Selection of the Appropriate
Structural Steel, for guidance in selection of both plate and structural shapes.
CIassification
Bars and plates are generally classified as follows:
Bars: b in. or less in width, .2O8 in. and over in thickness.
Over b in. to 8 in. in width, .28O in. and over in thickness.
Plates: Over 8 in. to 48 in. in width, .28O in. and over in thickness.
Over 48 in. in width, .18O in. and over in thickness.
Bars
Bars are available in various widths, thicknesses, diameters, and lengths. The preferred
practice is to specify widths in
1
4
in. increments and thickness and diameter in
1
8
in.
increments.
PIates
Defined according to rolling procedure:
Sheared plates are rolled between horizontal rolls and trimmed sheared or gas cut) on
all edges.
Universal UM) plates are rolled between horizontal and vertical rolls and trimmed
sheared or gas cut) on ends only.
Stripped plates are furnished to required widths by shearing or gas cutting from wider
sheared plates.
Plate mills are located in various districts, but the sizes of plates produced differ greatly
and the catalogs of individual mills should be consulted for detail data. The extreme width
of UM plates currently rolled is bO inches and for sheared plates it is 2OO inches, but their
availability together with limiting thickness and lengths should be checked with the mills
before specifying. The preferred increments for width and thickness are:
Various. The catalogs of individual mills should be consulted to determine
the most economical widths.
1
82
in. increments up to
1
2
in.
1
1b
in. increments over
1
2
in. to 1 in.
1
8
in. increments over 1 in. to 8 in.
1
4
in. increments over 8 in.
Plate thickness may be specified in inches or by weight per square foot, but no decimal
edge thickness can be assured by the latter method. Separate tolerance tables apply to
each method.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
BARS AND PIATIS 188
Standard practice is to invoice plates to the fabricator at theoretical weight at point of
shipment. Permissible variations in weight are in accordance with the tables of ASTM
Specification Ab.
All plates are invoiced at theoretical weight and, except as noted, are subject to the
same weight variations which apply to rectangular plates. Odd shapes in most instances
require gas cutting, for which gas cutting extras are applicable.
All plates ordered gas cut for whatever reason, or beyond published shearing limits,
take extras for gas cutting in addition to all other extras. Rolled steel bearing plates are
often gas cut to prevent distortion due to shearing but would also take the regular extra
for the thickness involved.
Ixtras for thickness, width, length, cutting, quality and quantity, etc., which are added
to the base price of plates, are subject to revision, and should be obtained by inquiry to
the producer. The foregoing general statements are made as a guide toward economy in
design.
FIoor PIates
Iloor plates having raised patterns are available from several mills, each offering its own
style of surface projections and in a variety of widths, thicknesses, and lengths. A
maximum width of 9b inches and a maximum thickness of one inch are available, but
availability of matching widths, thicknesses, and lengths should be checked with the
producer. Iloor plates are generally not specified to chemical composition limits or
mechanical property requirements, a commercial grade of carbon steel is furnished.
However, when strength or corrosion resistance is a consideration, raised pattern floor
plates are procurable in any of the regular steel specifications. As in the case of plain
plates, the individual manufacturers should be consulted for precise information. The
nominal or ordered thickness is that of the flat plate, exclusive of the height or raised
pattern. The usual weights are as shown in Table 17.
TabIe 1-7.
TheoreticaI Weights of RoIIed FIoor PIates
Gauge
No.
TheoreticaI
Weight per
sq. ft Ib
NominaI
Thickness
in.
TheoreticaI
Weight per
sq. ft, Ib
NominaI
Thickness
in.
TheoreticaI
Weight per
sq. ft, Ib
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
184 DIMINSIONS AND PROPIRTIIS
Size
in.
Weight
Ib per ft
Area
Sq in.
Size
in.
Weight
Ib per ft
Area
Sq in.


Size
in.
Weight
Ib per ft
Area
Sq in.
Size
in.
Weight
Ib per ft
Area
Sq in.


Width
in.
Thickness, inches
3
16
1
4
5
16
3
8
7
16
1
2
9
16
5
8
11
16
3
4
13
16
7
8
15
16
1


Width
in.
Thickness, inches
3
16
1
4
5
16
3
8
7
16
1
2
9
16
5
8
11
16
3
4
13
16
7
8
15
16
1


CRANE RAILS
GeneraI Notes
The ASCI rails and the 1O4 to 175lb crane rails shown in Iigure 12 are recommended
for crane runway use. Ior complete details and for profiles and properties of rails not
listed, consult manufacturers catalogs.
Rails should be arranged so that joints on opposite sides of the crane runway will be
staggered with respect to each other and with due consideration to the wheelbase of the
crane. Rail joints should not occur at crane girder splices. Iight 4Olb rails are available
in 8Oft lengths, bOlb rails in 8O, 88 or 89ft lengths, standard rails in 88 or 89ft lengths
and crane rails up to 8O ft. Consult manufacturer for availability of other lengths. Odd
lengths, which must be included to complete a run or obtain the necessary stagger, should
be not less than 1O feet long. Ior crane rail service, 4Olb rails are furnished to
manufacturers specifications and tolerances. bO and 85lb rails are furnished to manu
facturers specifications and tolerances, or to ASTM A1. Crane rails are furnished to
ASTM A759. Rails will be furnished with standard drilling in both standard and odd
lengths unless stipulated otherwise on order. Ior controlled cooling, heat treatment, and
rail end preparation, see manufacturers catalogs. Purchase orders for crane rails should
be noted Ior crane service. See Table 18.)
Ior maximum wheel loadings see manufacturers catalogs.
SpIices
It is often more desirable to use properly installed and maintained bolted splice bars in
making up rail joints for crane service than welded splice bars.
Standard rail drilling and jointbar punching, as furnished by manufacturers of light
standard rails for track work, include round holes in rail ends and slotted holes in joint
bars to receive standard ovalneck tack bolts. Holes in rails are oversize and punching in
joint bars is spaced to allow
1
1b
to
1
8
in. clearance between rail ends see manufacturers
catalogs for spacing and dimensions of holes and slots). Although this construction is
satisfactory for track and light crane service, its use in general crane service may lead to
joint failure.
Ior best service in bolted splices, it is recommended that tight joints be stipulated for
all rails for crane service. This will require rail ends to be finished by milling or grinding,
and the special rail drilling and jointbar punching tabulated below. Special rail drilling
is accepted by some mills, or rails may be ordered blank for shop drilling. Ind finishing
of standard rails can be done at the mill, light rails must be endfinished in the fabricating
shop or ground at the site prior to erection. In the crane rail range, from 1O4 to 175 lbs
per yard, rails and joint bars are manufactured to obtain a tight fit and no further special
end finishing, drilling, or punching is required. Because of cumulative tolerance vari
ations in holes, bolt diameters, and rail ends, a slight gap may sometimes occur in the
socalled tight joints. Conversely, it may sometimes be necessary to ream holes through
joined bar and rail to permit entry of bolts.
|oint bars for crane service are provided in various sections to match the rails. |oint
bars for light and standard rails may be purchased blank for special shop punching to
obtain tight joints. See Bethlehem Steel Corp. Booklet 8851 for dimensions, material
specifications, and the identification necessary to match the crane rail section.
AMIRICAN INSTITUTI OI STIII CONSTRUCTION
CRANI RAIIS 189