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1. The registered nurse is planning to delegate tasks to unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP).

Which of the following task could the registered nurse safely assigned to a UAP? A) Monitor the I&O of a comatose toddler client with salicylate poisoning B) Perform a complete bed bath on a 2-year-old with multiple injuries from a serious fall C) Check the IV of a preschooler with Kawasaki disease D) Give an outmeal bath to an infant with eczema 2. A nurse manager assigned a registered nurse from telemetry unit to the pediatrics unit. There were three patients assigned to the RN. Which of the following patients should not be assigned to the floated nurse? A) A 9-year-old child diagnosed with rheumatic fever B) A young infant after pyloromyotomy C) A 4-year-old with VSD following cardiac catheterization D) A 5-month-old with Kawasaki disease 3. A nurse in charge in the pediatric unit is absent. The nurse manager decided to assign the nurse in the obstetrics unit to the pediatrics unit. Which of the following patients could the nurse manager safely assign to the float nurse? A) A child who had multiple injuries from a serious vehicle accident B) A child diagnosed with Kawasaki disease and with cardiac complications C) A child who has had a nephrectomy for Wilms tumor D) A child receiving an IV chelating therapy for lead poisoning 4. The registered nurse is planning to delegate task to a certified nursing assistant. Which of the following clients should not be assigned to a CAN? A) A client diagnosed with diabetes and who has an infected toe B) A client who had a CVA in the past two months C) A client with Chronic renal failure D) A client with chronic venous insufficiency 5. The nurse in the medication unit passes the medications for all the clients on the nursing unit. The head nurse is making rounds with the physician and coordinates clients activities with other departments. The nurse assistant changes the bed lines and answers call lights. A second nurse is assigned for changing wound dressings; a licensed practitioner nurse takes vital signs and bathes theclients. This illustrates of what method of nursing care? A) Case management method B) Primary nursing method C) Team method D) Functional method 6. A registered nurse has been assigned to six clients on the 12-hour shift. The RN is responsible for every aspect of care such as formulating the care of plan, intervention and

evaluating the care during her shift. At the end of her shift, the RN will pass this same task to the next RN in charge. This nursing care illustrates of what kind of method? A) primary nursing method B) case method C) team method D) functional method 7. A newly hired nurse on an adult medicine unit with 3 months experience was asked to float to pediatrics. The nurse hesitates to perform pediatric skills and receive an interesting assignment that feels overwhelming. The nurse should: A) resign on the spot from the nursing position and apply for a position that does not require floating B) Inform the nursing supervisor and the charge nurse on the pediatric floor about the nurses lack of skill and feelings of hesitations and request assistance C) Ask several other nurses how they feel about pediatrics and find someone else who is willing to accept the assignment D) Refuse the assignment and leave the unit requesting a vacation a day 8. An experienced nurse who voluntarily trained a less experienced nurse with the intention of enhancing the skills and knowledge and promoting professional advancement to the nurse is called a: A) mentor B) team leader C) case manager D) change agent 9. The pediatrics unit is understaffed and the nurse manager informs the nurses in the obstetrics unit that she is going to assign one nurse to float in the pediatric units. Which statement by the designated float nurse may put her job at risk? A) I do not get along with one of the nurses on the pediatrics unit B) I have a vacation day coming and would like to take that now C) I do not feel competent to go and work on that area D) I am afraid I will get the most serious clients in the unit 10. The newly hired staff nurse has been working on a medical unit for 3 weeks. The nurse manager has posted the team leader assignments for the following week. The new staff knows that a major responsibility of the team leader is to: A) Provide care to the most acutely ill client on the team B) Know the condition and needs of all the patients on the team C) Document the assessments completed by the team members D) Supervise direct care by nursing assistants

11. A 15-year-old girl just gave birth to a baby boy who needs emergency surgery. The nurse prepared the consent form and it should be signed by: A) The Physician B) The Registered Nurse caring for the client C) The 15-year-old mother of the baby boy D) The mother of the girl 12. A nurse caring to a client with Alzheimers disease overheard a family member say to the client, if you pee one more time, I wont give you any more food and drinks. What initial action is best for the nurse to take? A) Take no action because it is the family member saying that to the client B) Talk to the family member and explain that what she/he has said is not appropriate for the client C) Give the family member the number for an Elder Abuse Hot line D) Document what the family member has said 13. Which is true about informed consent? A) A nurse may accept responsibility signing a consent form if the client is unable B) Obtaining consent is not the responsibility of the physician C) A physician will not subject himself to liability if he withholds any facts that are necessary to form the basis of an intelligent consent D) If the nurse witnesses a consent for surgery, the nurse is, in effect, indicating that the signature is that of the purported person and that the persons condition is as indicated at the time of signing 14. A mother in labor told the nurse that she was expecting that her baby has no chance to survive and expects that the baby will be born dead. The mother accepts the fate of the baby and informs the nurse that when the baby is born and requires resuscitation, the mother refuses any treatment to her baby and expresses hostility toward the nurse while the pediatric team is taking care of the baby. The nurse is legally obligated to: A) Notify the pediatric team that the mother has refused resuscitation and any treatment for the baby and take the baby to the mother B) Get a court order making the baby a ward of the court C) Record the statement of the mother, notify the pediatric team, and observe carefully for signs of impaired bonding and neglect as a reasonable suspicion of child abuse D) Do nothing except record the mothers statement in the medical record 15. The hospitalized client with a chronic cough is scheduled for bronchoscopy. The nurse is tasks to bring the informed consent document into the clients room for a signature. The client asks the nurse for details of the procedure and demands an explanation why the process of informed consent is necessary. The nurse responds that informed consent means:

A) The patient releases the physician from all responsibility for the procedure. B) The immediate family may make decision against the patients will. C) The physician must give the client or surrogates enough information to make health care judgments consistent with their values and goals. D) The patient agrees to a procedure ordered by the physician even if the client does not understand what the outcome will be. 16. A hospitalized client with severe necrotizing ulcer of the lower leg is schedule for an amputation. The client tells the nurse that he will not sign the consent form and he does not want any surgery or treatment because of religious beliefs about reincarnation. What is the role of the RN? A) call a family meeting B) discuss the religious beliefs with the physician C) encourage the client to have the surgery D) inform the client of other options 17. While in the hospital lobby, the RN overhears the three staff discussing the health condition of her client. What would be the appropriate nursing action for the RN to take? A) Tell them it is not appropriate to discuss the condition of the client B) Ignore them, because it is their right to discuss anything they want to C) Join in the conversation, giving them supportive input about the case of the client D) Report this incident to the nursing supervisor 18. A staff nurse has had a serious issue with her colleague. In this situation, it is best to: A) Discuss this with the supervisor B) Not discuss the issue with anyone. It will probably resolve itself C) Try to discuss with the colleague about the issue and resolve it when both are calmer D) Tell other members of the network what the team member did 19. The nurse is caring to a client who just gave birth to a healthy baby boy. The nurse may not disclose confidential information when: A) The nurse discusses the condition of the client in a clinical conference with other nurses B) The client asks the nurse to discuss the her condition with the family C) The father of a woman who just delivered a baby is on the phone to find out the sex of the baby D) A researcher from an institutionally approved research study reviews the medical record of a patient 20. A 17-year-old married client is scheduled for surgery. The nurse taking care of the client realizes that consent has not been signed after preoperative medications were given. What should the nurse do?

A) Call the surgeon B) Ask the spouse to sign the consent C) Obtain a consent from the client as soon as possible D) Get a verbal consent from the parents of the client 21. A 12-year-old client is admitted to the hospital. The physician ordered Dilantin to the client. In administering IV phenytoin (Dilantin) to a child, the nurse would be most correct in mixing it with: A) Normal Saline B) Heparinized normal saline C) 5% dextrose in water D) Lactated Ringers solution 22. The nurse is caring to a client who is hypotensive. Following a large hematemesis, how should the nurse position the client? A) Feet and legs elevated 20 degrees, trunk horizontal, head on small pillow B) Low Fowlers with knees gatched at 30 degrees C) Supine with the head turned to the left D) Bed sloped at a 45 degree angle with the head lowest and the legs highest 23. The client is brought to the emergency department after a serious accident. What would be the initial nursing action of the nurse to the client? A) assess the level of consciousness and circulation B) check respirations, circulation, neurological response C) align the spine, check pupils, check for hemorrhage D) check respiration, stabilize spine, check circulation 24. A nurse is assigned to care to a client with Parkinsons disease. What interventions are important if the nurse wants to improve nutrition and promote effective swallowing of the client? A) Eat solid food B) Give liquids with meals C) Feed the client D) Sit in an upright position to eat 25. During tracheal suctioning, the nurse should implement safety measures. Which of the following should the nurse implements? A) limit suction pressure to 150-180 mmHg B) suction for 15-20 seconds C) wear eye goggles D) remove the inner cannula

26. The nurse is conducting a discharge instructions to a client diagnosed with diabetes. What sign of hypoglycemia should be taught to a client? A) warm, flushed skin B) hunger and thirst C) increase urinary output D) palpitation and weakness 27. A client admitted to the hospital and diagnosed with Addisons disease. What would be the appropriate nursing action to the client? A) administering insulin-replacement therapy B) providing a low-sodium diet C) restricting fluids to 1500 ml/day D) reducing physical and emotional stress 28. The nurse is to perform tracheal suctioning. During tracheal suctioning, which nursing action is essential to prevent hypoxemia? A) aucultating the lungs to determine the baseline data to assess the effectiveness of suctioning B) removing oral and nasal secretions C) encouraging the patient to deep breathe and cough to facilitate removal of upper-airway secretions D) administering 100% oxygen to reduce the effects of airway obstruction during suctioning. 29. An infant is admitted and diagnosed with pneumonia and suspicious-looking red marks on the swollen face resembling a handprint. The nurse does further assessment to the client. How would the nurse document the finding? A) Facial edema with ecchymosis and handprint mark: crackles and wheezes B) Facial edema, with red marks; crackles in the lung C) Facial edema with ecchymosis that looks like a handprint D) Red bruise mark and ecchymosis on face 30. On the evening shift, the triage nurse evaluates several clients who were brought to the emergency department. Which in the following clients should receive highest priority? A) an elderly woman complaining of a loss of appetite and fatigue for the past week B) A football player limping and complaining of pain and swelling in the right ankle C) A 50-year-old man, diaphoretic and complaining of severe chest pain radiating to his jaw D) A mother with a 5-year-old boy who says her son has been complaining of nausea and vomited once since noon

31. A 80-year-old female client is brought to the emergency department by her caregiver, on the nurses assessment; the following are the manifestations of the client: anorexia, cachexia and multiple bruises. What would be the best nursing intervention? A) check the laboratory data for serum albumin, hematocrit, and hemoglobin B) talk to the client about the caregiver and support system C) complete a police report on elder abuse D) complete a gastrointestinal and neurological assessment 32. The night shift nurse is making rounds. When the nurse enters a clients room, the client is on the floor next to the bed. What would be the initial action of the nurse? A) chart that the patient fell B) call the physician C) chart that the client was found on the floor next to the bed D) fill out an incident report 33. The nurse on the night shift is about to administer medication to a preschooler client and notes that the child has no ID bracelet. The best way for the nurse to identify the client is to ask: A) The adult visiting, The childs name is ____________________? B) The child, Is your name____________? C) Another staff nurse to identify this child D) The other children in the room what the childs name is 34. The nurse caring to a client has completed the assessment. Which of the following will be considered to be the most accurate charting of a lump felt in the right breast? A) abnormally felt area in the right breast, drainage noted B) hard nodular mass in right breast nipple C) firm mass at five clock, outer quadrant, 1cm from right nipple D) mass in the right breast 4cmx1cm 35. The physician instructed the nurse that intravenous pyelogram will be done to the client. The client asks the nurse what is the purpose of the procedure. The appropriate nursing response is to: A) outline the kidney vasculature B) determine the size, shape, and placement of the kidneys C) test renal tubular function and the patency of the urinary tract D) measure renal blood flow 36. A client visits the clinic for screening of scoliosis. The nurse should ask the client to: A) bend all the way over and touch the toes B) stand up as straight and tall as possible

C) bend over at a 90-degree angle from the waist D) bend over at a 45-degree angle from the waist 37. A client with tuberculosis is admitted in the hospital for 2 weeks. When a clients family members come to visit, they would be adhering to respiratory isolation precautions when they: A) wash their hands when leaving B) put on gowns, gloves and masks C) avoid contact with the clients roommate D) keep the clients room door open 38. An infant is brought to the emergency department and diagnosed with pyloric stenosis. The parents of the client ask the nurse, Why does my baby continue to vomit? Which of the following would be the best nursing response of the nurse? A) Your baby eats too rapidly and overfills the stomach, which causes vomiting B) Your baby cant empty the formula that is in the stomach into the bowel C) The vomiting is due to the nausea that accompanies pyloric stenosis D) Your baby needs to be burped more thoroughly after feeding 39. A 70-year-old client with suspected tuberculosis is brought to the geriatric care facilities. An intradermal tuberculosis test is schedule to be done. The client asks the nurse what is the purpose of the test. Which of the following would be the best rationale for this? A) reactivation of an old tuberculosis infection B) increased incidence of new cases of tuberculosis in persons over 65 years old C) greater exposure to diverse health care workers D) respiratory problems are characteristic in this population 40. The nurse is making a health teaching to the parents of the client. In teaching parents how to measure the area of induration in response to a PPD test, the nurse would be most accurate in advising the parents to measure: A) both the areas that look red and feel raised B) The entire area that feels itchy to the child C) Only the area that looks reddened D) Only the area that feels raised 41. A community health nurse is schedule to do home visit. She visits to an elderly person living alone. Which of the following observation would be a concern? A) Picture windows B) Unwashed dishes in the sink C) Clear and shiny floors D) Brightly lit rooms

42. After a birth, the physician cut the cord of the baby, and before the baby is given to the mother, what would be the initial nursing action of the nurse? A) examine the infant for any observable abnormalities B) confirm identification of the infant and apply bracelet to mother and infant C) instill prophylactic medication in the infants eyes D) wrap the infant in a prewarmed blanket and cover the head 43. A 2-year-old client is admitted to the hospital with severe eczema lesions on the scalp, face, neck and arms. The client is scratching the affected areas. What would be the best nursing intervention to prevent the client from scratching the affected areas? A) elbow restraints to the arms B) Mittens to the hands C) Clove-hitch restraints to the hands D) A posey jacket to the torso 44. The parents of the hospitalized client ask the nurse how their baby might have gotten pyloric stenosis. The appropriate nursing response would be: A) There is no way to determine this preoperatively B) Their baby was born with this condition C) Their baby developed this condition during the first few weeks of life D) Their baby acquired it due to a formula allergy 45. A male client comes to the clinic for check-up. In doing a physical assessment, the nurse should report to the physician the most common symptom of gonorrhea, which is: A) pruritus B) pus in the urine C) WBC in the urine D) Dysuria 46. Which of the following would be the most important goal in the nursing care of an infant client with eczema? A) preventing infection B) maintaining the comfort level C) providing for adequate nutrition D) decreasing the itching 47. The nurse is making a discharge instruction to a client receiving chemotherapy. The client is at risk for bone marrow depression. The nurse gives instructions to the client about how to prevent infection at home. Which of the following health teaching would be

included? A) Get a weekly WBC count B) Do not share a bathroom with children or pregnant woman C) Avoid contact with others while receiving chemotherapy D) Do frequent hand washing and maintain good hygiene 48. The nurse is assigned to care the client with infectious disease. The best antimicrobial agent for the nurse to use in handwashing is: A) Isopropyl alcohol B) Hexachlorophene (Phisohex) C) Soap and water D) Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) (Hibiclens) 49. The mother of the client tells the nurse, Im not going to have my baby get any immunization. What would be the best nursing response to the mother? A) You and I need to review your rationale for this decision B) Your baby will not be able to attend day care without immunizations C) Your decision can be viewed as a form of child abuse and neglect D) You are needlessly placing other people at risk for communicable diseases 50. The nurse is teaching the client about breast self-examination. Which observation should the client be taught to recognize when doing the examination for detection of breast cancer? A) tender, movable lump B) pain on breast self-examination C) round, well-defined lump D) dimpling of the breast tissue

1. D. Bathing an infant with eczema can be safely delegated to an aide; this task is basic and can competently performed by an aid. 2. B. The RN floated from the telemetry unit would be least prepared to care for a young infant who has just had GI surgery and requires a specific feeding regimen. 3. C. RN floated from the obstetrics unit should be able to care for a client with major abdominal surgery, because this nurse has experienced caring for clients with cesarean births. 4. A. The patient is experiencing a potentially serious complication related to diabetes and needs ongoing assessment by an RN 5. D. It describes functional nursing. Staff is assigned to specific task rather than specific

clients. 6. B. Case management. The nurse assumes total responsibility for meeting the needs of the client during her entire duty. 7. B. The nurse is ethically obligated to inform the person responsible for the assignment and the person responsible for the unit about the nurses skill level. The nurse therefore avoids a situation of abandoningclients and exposing them to greater risks 8. A. This describes a mentor 9. B. This action demonstrates a lack of responsibility and the nurse should attempt negotiation with the nurse manager. 10. B. The team leader is responsible for the overall management of all clients and staff on the team, and this information is essential in order to accomplish this 11. C. Even though the mother is a minor, she is legally able to sign consent for her own child. 12. B. This response is the most direct and immediate. This is a case of potential need for advocacy and patients rights. 13. D. The nurse who witness a consent for treatment or surgery is witnessing only that the client signed the form and that the clients condition is as indicated at the time of signing. The nurse is not witnessing that the client is informed. 14. C. Although the statements by the mother may not create a suspicion of neglect, when they are coupled with observations about impaired bonding and maternal attachment, they may impose the obligation to report child neglect. The nurse is further obligated to notify caregivers of refusal to consent to treatment 15. C. It best explains what informed consent is and provides for legal rights of the patient 16. B. The physician may not be aware of the role that religious beliefs play in making a decision about surgery. 17. A. The behavior should be stopped. The first step is to remind the staff that confidentiality may be violated 18. C. Waiting for emotions to dissipate and sitting down with the colleague is the first rule of conflict resolution. 19. C. The nurse has no idea who the person is on the phone and therefore may not share the information even if the patient gives permission

20. A. The priority is to let the surgeon know, who in turn may ask the husband to sign the consent. 21. A. Phenytoin (Dilantin) can cause venous irritation due to its alkalinity, therefore it should be mixed with normal saline. 22. A. This position increases venous return, improves cardiac volume, and promotes adequate ventilation and cerebral perfusion 23. D. Checking the airway would be a priority, and a neck injury should be suspected 24. D. Client with Parkinsons disease are at a high risk for aspiration and undernutrition. Sitting upright promotes more effective swallowing. 25. C. It is important to protect the RNs eyes from the possible contamination of coughed up secretions 26. D. There has been too little food or too much insulin. Glucose levels can be markedly decreased (less than 50 mg/dl). Severe hypoglycemia may be fatal if not detected 27. D. Because the clients ability to react to stress is decreased, maintaining a quiet environment becomes a nursing priority. Dehydration is a common problem in Addisons disease, so close observation of the clients hydration level is crucial. 28. D. Presuctioning and postsuctioning ventilation with 100% oxygen is important in reducing hypoxemia which occurs when the flow of gases in the airway is obstructed by the suctioning catheter. 29. B. This is an example of objective data of both pulmonary status and direct observation on the skin by the nurse. 30. C. These are likely signs of an acute myocardial infarction (MI). An acute MI is a cardiovascular emergency requiring immediate attention. Acute MI is potentially fatal if not treated immediately. 31. D. Assessment and more data collection are needed. The client may have gastrointestinal or neurological problems that account for the symptoms. The anorexia could result from medications, poor dentition, or indigestion, and the bruises may be attributed to ataxia, frequent falls, vertigo or medication. 32. B. This is closest to suggesting action-assessment, rather than paperwork- and is therefore the best of the four. 33. C. The only acceptable way to identify a preschooler client is to have a parent or another staff member identify the client.

34. C. It describes the mass in the greatest detail. 35. C. Intravenous pyelogram tests both the function and patency of the kidneys. After the intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast medium, the size, location, and patency of the kidneys can be observed by roentgenogram, as well as the patency of the urethra and bladder as the kidneys function to excrete the contrast medium. 36. C. This is the recommended position for screening for scoliosis. It allows the nurse to inspect the alignment of the spine, as well as to compare both shoulders and both hips. 37. A. Handwashing is the best method for reducing cross-contamination. Gowns and gloves are not always required when entering a clients room. 38. B. Pyloric stenosis is an anomaly of the upper gastrointestinal tract. The condition involves a thickening, or hypertrophy, of the pyloric sphincter located at the distal end of the stomach. This causes a mechanical intestinal obstruction, which leads to vomiting after feeding the infant. The vomiting associated with pyloric stenosis is described as being projectile in nature. This is due to the increasing amounts of formula the infant begins to consume coupled with the increasing thickening of the pyloric sphincter. 39. B. Increased incidence of TB has been seen in the general population with a high incidence reported in hospitalized elderly clients. Immunosuppression and lack of classic manifestations because of the aging process are just two of the contributing factors of tuberculosis in the elderly. 40. D. Parents should be taught to feel the area that is raised and measure only that. 41. C. It is a safety hazard to have shiny floors because they can cause falls. 42. D. The first priority, beside maintaining a newborns patent airway, is body temperature. 43. B. The purpose of restraints for this child is to keep the child from scratching the affected areas. Mittens restraint would prevent scratching, while allowing the most movement permissible. 44. C. Pyloric stenosis is not a congenital anatomical defect, but the precise etiology is unknown. It develops during the first few weeks of life. 45. B. Pus is usually the first symptom, because the bacteria reproduce in the bladder. 46. A. Preventing infection in the infant with eczema is the nurses most important goal. The infant with eczema is at high risk for infection due to numerous breaks in the skins integrity. Intact skin is always the infants first line of defense against infection. 47. D. Frequent hand washing and good hygiene are the best means of preventing infection.

48. D. CHG is a highly effective antimicrobial ingredient, especially when it is used consistently over time. 49. A. The mother may have many reasons for such a decision . It is the nurses responsibility to review this decision with the mother and clarify any misconceptions regarding immunizations that may exist. 50. D. The tumor infiltrates nearby tissue, it can cause retraction of the overlying skin and create a dimpling appearance.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------The scope of this Nursing Test II is parallel to the NP2 NLE Coverage: Maternal and Child Health Community Health Nursing Communicable Diseases Integrated Management of Childhood Illness

1. The student nurse is assigned to take the vital signs of the clients in the pediatric ward. The student nurse reports to the staff nurse that the parent of a toddler who is 2 days postoperative after a cleft palate repair has given the toddler a pacifier. What would be the best immediate action of the nurse? A) Notify the pediatrician of this finding B) Reassure the student that this is an acceptable action on the parents part C) Discuss this action with the parents D) Ask the student nurse to remove the pacifier from the toddlers mouth 2. The nurse is providing a health teaching to the mother of an 8-year-old child with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following statement if made by the mother would indicate to the nurse the need for further teaching about the medication regimen of the child? A) My child might need an extra capsule if the meal is high in fat B) Ill give the enzyme capsule before every snack C) Ill give the enzyme capsule before every meal D) My child hates to take pills, so Ill mix the capsule into a cup of hot chocolate 3. The mother brought her child to the clinic for follow-up check up. The mother tells the nurse that 14 days after starting an oral iron supplement, her childs stools are black. Which of the following is the best nursing response to the mother? A) I will notify the physician, who will probably decrease the dosage slightly B) This is a normal side effect and means the medication is working C) You sound quite concerned. Would you like to talk about this further? D) I will need a specimen to check the stool for possible bleeding

4. An 8-year-old boy with asthma is brought to the clinic for check up. The mother asks the nurse if the treatment given to her son is effective. What would be the appropriate response of the nurse? A) I will review first the childs height on a growth chart to know if the treatment is working B) I will review first the childs weight on a growth chart to know if the treatment is working C) I will review first the number of prescriptions refills the child has required over the last 6 months to give you an accurate answer D) I will review first the number of times the child has seen the pediatrician during the last 6 months to give you an accurate answer 5. The nurse is caring to a child client who is receiving tetracycline. The nurse is aware that in taking this medication, it is very important to: A) Administer the drug between meals B) Monitor the childs hearing C) Give the drug through a straw D) Keep the child out of the sunlight 6. A 14 day-old infant with a cyanotic heart defects and mild congestive heart failure is brought to the emergency department. During assessment, the nurse checks the apical pulse rate of the infant. The apical pulse rate is 130 beats per minute. Which of the following is the appropriate nursing action? A) Retake the apical pulse in 15 minutes B) Retake the apical pulse in 30 minutes C) Notify the pediatrician immediately D) Administer the medication as scheduled 7. The physician prescribed gentamicin (Garamycin) to a child who is also receiving chemotherapy. Before administering the drug, the nurse should check the results of the childs: A) CBC and platelet count B) Auditory tests C) Renal Function tests D) Abdominal and chest x-rays 8. Which of the following is the suited size of the needle would the nurse select to administer the IM injection to a preschool child? A) 18 G, 1-1/2 inch B) 25 G, 5/8 inch C) 21 G, 1 inch D) 18 G, 1inch

9. A 9-year-old boy is admitted to the hospital. The boy is being treated with salicylates for the migratory polyarthritis accompanying the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Which of the following activities performed by the child would give a best sign that the medication is effective? A) Listening to story of his mother B) Listening to the music in the radio C) Playing mini piano D) Watching movie in the dvd mini player 10. The physician decided to schedule the 4-year-old client for repair of left undescended testicle. The Injection of a hormone, HCG finds it less successful for treatment. To administer a pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal) suppository preoperatively to this client, in which position should the nurse place him? A) Supine with foot of bed elevated B) Prone with legs abducted C) Sitting with foot of bed elevated D) Side-lying with upper leg flexed 11. The nurse is caring to a 24-month-old child diagnosed with congenital heart defect. The physician prescribed digoxin (Lanoxin) to the client. Before the administration of the drug, the nurse checks the apical pulse rate to be 110 beats per minute and regular. What would be the next nursing action? A) Check the other vital signs and level of consciousness B) Withhold the digoxin and notify the physician C) Give the digoxin as prescribed D) Check the apical and radial simultaneously, and if they are the same, give the digoxin. 12. An 8-year-old client with cystic fibrosis is admitted to the hospital and will undergo a chest physiotherapy treatment. The therapy should be properly coordinated by the nurse with the respiratory therapy department so that treatments occur during: A) After meals B) Between meals C) After medication D) Around the childs play schedule 13. The nurse is providing health teaching about the breastfeeding and family planning to the client who gave birth to a healthy baby girl. Which of the following statement would alert the nurse that the client needs further teaching? A) I understand that the hormones for breastfeeding may affect when my periods come B) Breastfeeding causes my womb to tighten and bleed less after birth

C) I may not have periods while I am breastfeeding, so I dont need family planning D) I can get pregnant as early as one month after my baby was born 14. A toddler is brought to the hospital because of severe diarrhea and vomiting. The nurse assigned to the client enters the clients room and finds out that the client is using a soiled blanket brought in from home. The nurse attempts to remove the blanket and replace it with a new and clean blanket. The toddler refuses to give the soiled blanket. The nurse realizes that the best explanation for the toddlers behavior is: A) The toddler did not bond well with the maternal figure B) The blanket is an important transitional object C) The toddler is anxious about the hospital experience D) The toddler is resistive to nursing interventions 15. The nurse has knowledge about the developmental task of the child. In caring a 3-yearold-client, the nurse knows that the suited developmental task of this child is to: A) Learn to play with other children B) Able to trust others C) Express all needs through speaking D) Explore and manipulate the environment 16. A mother who gave birth to her second daughter is so concerned about her 2-year old daughter. She tells the nurse, I am afraid that my 2-year-old daughter may not accept her newly born sister. It is appropriate to the nurse to response that: A) The older daughter be given more responsibility and assure her t hat she is a big girl now, and doesnt need Mommy as much B) The older daughter not have interaction with the baby at the hospital, because she may harm her new sibling C) The older daughter stay with her grandmother for a few days until the parents and new baby are settled at home D) The mother spend time alone with her older daughter when the baby is sleeping 17. A 2-year-old client with cystic fibrosis is confined to bed and is not allowed to go to the playroom. Which of the following is an appropriate toy would the nurse select for the child: A) Puzzle B) Musical automobile C) Arranging stickers in the album D) Pounding board and hammer 18. Which of the following clients is at high risk for developmental problem? A) A toddler with acute Glomerulonephritis on antihypertensive and antibiotics B) A 5-year-old with asthma on cromolyn sodium

C) A preschooler with tonsillitis D) A 2 1/2 year old boy with cystic fibrosis 19. Which of the following would be the best divesionary activity for the nurse to select for a 2 weeks hospitalized 3-year-old girl? A) Crayons and coloring books B) doll C) xylophone toy D) puzzles 20. A nurse is providing safety instructions to the parents of the 11-month-old child. Which of the following will the nurse includes in the instructions? A) Plugging all electrical outlets in the house B) Installing a gate at the top and bottom of any stairs in the home C) Purchasing an infant car seat as soon as possible D) Begin to teach the child not to place small objects in the mouth 21. An 8-year-old girl is in second grade and the parents decided to enroll her to a new school. While the child is focusing on adjusting to new environment and peers, her grades suffer. The childs father severely punishes the child and forces her daughter to study after school. The father does not allow also her daughter to play with other children. These data indicate to the nurse that this child is deprived of forming which normal phase of development? A) Heterosexual relationships B) A love relationship with the father C) A dependency relationship with the father D) Close relationship with peers 22. A 5-year-old boy client is scheduled for hernia surgery. The nurse is preparing to do preoperative teaching with the child. The nurse should knows that the 5-year-old would: A) Expect a simple yet logical explanation regarding the surgery B) Asks many questions regarding the condition and the procedure C) Worry over the impending surgery D) Be uninterested in the upcoming surgery 23. The nine-year-old client is admitted in the hospital for almost 1 week and is on bed rest. The child complains of being bored and it seems tiresome to stay on bed and doing nothing. What activity selected by the nurse would the child most likely find stimulating? A) Watching a video B) Putting together a puzzle C) Assembling handouts with the nurse for an upcoming staff development meeting D) Listening to a compact disc

24. The parent of a 16-year-old boy tells the nurse that his son is driving a motorbike very fast and with one hand. It is making me crazy! What would be the best explanation of the nurse to the behavior of the boy? A) The adolescent might have an unconscious death wish B) The adolescent feels indestructible C) The adolescent lacks life experience to realize how dangerous the behavior is D) The adolescent has found a way to act out hostility toward the parent 25. An 8-month-old infant is admitted to the hospital due to diarrhea. The nurse caring for the client tells the mother to stay beside the infant while making assessment. Which of the following developmental milestones the infant has reached? A) Has a three-word vocabulary B) Interacts with other infants C) Stands alone D) Recognizes but is fearful of strangers 26. The community nurse is conducting a health teaching in the group of married women. When teaching a woman about fertility awareness, the nurse should emphasize that the basal body temperature: A) Should be recorded each morning before any activity B) Is the average temperature taken each morning C) Can be done with a mercury thermometer but not a digital one D) Has a lower degree of accuracy in predicting ovulation than the cervical mucus test 27. The community nurse is providing an instruction to the clients in the health center about the use of diaphragm for family planning. To evaluate the understanding of the woman, the nurse asks her to demonstrate the use of the diaphragm. Which of following statement indicates a need for further health teaching? A) I should check the diaphragm carefully for holes every time I use it. B) The diaphragm must be left in place for at least 6 hours after intercourse. C) I really need to use the diaphragm and jelly most during the middle of my menstrual cycle D) I may need a different size diaphragm if I gain or lose more than 20 pounds 28. The client visits the clinic for prenatal check-up. While waiting for the physician, the nurse decided to conduct health teaching to the client. The nurse informed the client that primigravida mother should go to the hospital when which patter is evident? A) Contractions are 2-3 minutes apart, lasting 90 seconds, and membranes have ruptured B) Contractions are 5-10 minutes apart, lasting 30 seconds, and are felt as strong menstrual cramps

C) Contractions are 3-5 minutes apart, accompanied by rectal pressure and bloody show D) Contractions are 5 minutes apart, lasting 60 seconds, and increasing in intensity 29. A nurse is planning a home visit program to a new mother who is 2 weeks postpartum and breastfeeding, the nurse includes in her health teaching about the resumption of fertility, contraception and sexual activity. Which of the following statement indicates that the mother has understood the teaching? A) Because breastfeeding speeds the healing process after birth, I can have sex right away and not worry about infection B) Because I am breastfeeding and my hormones are decreased, I may need to use a vaginal lubricant when I have sex C) After birth, you have to have a period before you can get pregnant again D) Breastfeeding protects me from pregnancy because it keeps my hormones down, so I dont need any contraception until I stop breastfeeding 30. A community nurse enters the home of the client for follow-up visit. Which of the following is the most appropriate area to place the nursing bag of the nurse when conducting a home visit? A) cushioned footstool B) bedside wood table C) kitchen countertop D) living room sofa 31. The nurse in the health center is making an assessment to the infant client. The nurse notes some rashes and small fluid-filled bumps in the skin. The nurse suspects that the infant has eczema. Which of the following is the most important nursing goal: A) Preventing infection B) Providing for adequate nutrition C) Decreasing the itching D) Maintaining the comfort level 32. The nurse in the health center is providing immunization to the children. The nurse is carefully assessing the condition of the children before giving the vaccines. Which of the following would the nurse note to withhold the infants scheduled immunizations? A) a dry cough B) a skin rash C) a low-grade fever D) a runny nose 33. A mother brought her child in the health center for hepatitis B vaccination in a series. The mother informs the nurse that the child missed an appointment last month to have the third hepatitis B vaccination. Which of the following statements is the appropriate nursing

response to the mother? A) I will examine the child for symptoms of hepatitis B B) Your child will start the series again C) Your child will get the next dose as soon as possible D) Your child will have a hepatitis titer done to determine if immunization has taken place. 34. The community health nurse implemented a new program about effective breast cancer screening technique for the female personnel of the health department of Valenzuela. Which of the following technique should the nurse consider to be of the lowest priority? A) Yearly breast exam by a trained professional B) Detailed health history to identify women at risk C) Screening mammogram every year for women over age 50 D) Screening mammogram every 1-2 years for women over age of 40. 35. Which of the following technique is considered an aseptic practice during the home visit of the community health nurse? A) Wrapping used dressing in a plastic bag before placing them in the nursing bag B) Washing hands before removing equipment from the nursing bag C) Using the clients soap and cloth towel for hand washing D) Placing the contaminated needles and syringes in a labeled container inside the nursing bag 36. The nurse is planning to conduct a home visit in a small community. Which of the following is the most important factor when planning the best time for a home care visit? A) Purpose of the home visit B) Preference of the patients family C) Location of the patients home D) Length of time of the visit will take 37. The nurse assigned in the health center is counseling a 30-year-old client requesting oral contraceptives. The client tells the nurse that she has an active yeast infection that has recurred several times in the past year. Which statement by the nurse is inaccurate concerning health promotion actions to prevent recurring yeast infection? A) During treatment for yeast, avoid vaginal intercourse for one week B) Wear loose-fitting cotton underwear C) Avoid eating large amounts of sugar or sugar-bingeing D) Douche once a day with a mild vinegar and water solution 38. During immunization week in the health center, the parent of a 6-month-old infant asks the health nurse, Why is our baby going to receive so many immunizations over a long time period? The best nursing response would be:

A) The number of immunizations your baby will receive sh ows how many pediatric communicable and infectious diseases can now be prevented. B) You need to ask the physician C) The number of immunizations your baby will receive is determined by your babys health history and age D) It is easier on your baby to receive several immunizations rather than one at a time 39. The community health nurse is conducting a health teaching about nutrition to a group of pregnant women who are anemic and are lactose intolerant. Which of the following foods should the nurse especially encourage during the third trimester? A) Cheese, yogurt, and fish for protein and calcium needs plus prenatal vitamins and iron supplements B) Prenatal iron and calcium supplements plus a regular adult diet C) Red beans, green leafy vegetables, and fish for iron and calcium needs plus prenatal vitamins and iron supplements D) Red meat, milk and eggs for iron and calcium needs plus prenatal vitamins and iron supplements 40. A woman with active tuberculosis (TB) and has visited the health center for regular therapy for five months wants to become pregnant. The nurse knows that further information is necessary when the woman states: A) Spontaneous abortion may occur in one out of five women who are infected B) Pulmonary TB may jeopardize my pregnancy C) I know that I may not be able to have close contact with my baby until contagious is no longer a problem D) I can get pregnant after I have been free of TB for 6 months 41. The Department of Health is alarmed that almost 33 million people suffer from food poisoning every year. Salmonella enteritis is responsible for almost 4 million cases of food poisoning. One of the major goals is to promote proper food preparation. The community health nurse is tasks to conduct health teaching about the prevention of food poisoning to a group of mother everyday. The nurse can help identify signs and symptoms of specific organisms to help patients get appropriate treatment. Typical symptoms of salmonella include: A) Nausea, vomiting and paralysis B) Bloody diarrhea C) Diarrhea and abdominal cramps D) Nausea, vomiting and headache 42. A community health nurse makes a home visit to an elderly person living alone in a small house. Which of the following observation would be a great concern? A) Big mirror in a wall B) Scattered and unwashed dishes in the sink

C) Shiny floors with scattered rugs D) Brightly lit rooms 43. The health nurse is conducting health teaching about safe sex to a group of high school students. Which of the following statement about the use of condoms should the nurse avoid making? A) Condoms should be used because they can prevent infection and because they may prevent pregnancy B) Condoms should be used even if you have recently tested negative for HIV C) Condoms should be used every time you have sex because condoms prevent all forms of sexually transmitted diseases D) Condoms should be used every time you have sex even if you are taking the pill because condoms can prevent the spread of HIV and gonorrhea 44. The department of health is promoting the breastfeeding program to all newly mothers. The nurse is formulating a plan of care to a woman who gave birth to a baby girl. The nursing care plan for a breast-feeding mother takes into account that breast-feeding is contraindicated when the woman: A) Is pregnant B) Has genital herpes infection C) Develops mastitis D) Has inverted nipples 45. The City health department conducted a medical mission in Barangay Marulas. Majority of the children in the Barangay Marulas were diagnosed with pinworms. The community health nurse should anticipate that the childrens chief complaint would be: A) Lack of appetite B) Severe itching of the scalp C) Perianal itching D) Severe abdominal pain 46. The mother brought her daughter to the health center. The child has head lice. The nurse anticipates that the nursing diagnosis most closely correlated with this is: A) Fluid volume deficit related to vomiting B) Altered body image related to alopecia C) Altered comfort related to itching D) Diversional activity deficit related to hospitalization 47. The mother brings a child to the health care clinic because of severe headache and vomiting. During the assessment of the health care nurse, the temperature of the child is 40 degree Celsius, and the nurse notes the presence of nuchal rigidity. The nurse is suspecting that the child might be suffering from bacterial meningitis. The nurse continues to assess the child for the presence of Kernigs sign. Which finding would indicate the presence of this

sign? A) Flexion of the hips when the neck is flexed from a lying position B) Calf pain when the foot is dorsiflexed C) Inability of the child to extend the legs fully when lying supine D) Pain when the chin is pulled down to the chest 48. A community health nurse makes a home visit to a child with an infectious and communicable disease. In planning care for the child, the nurse must determine that the primary goal is that the: A) Child will experience mild discomfort B) Child will experience only minor complications C) Child will not spread the infection to others D) Public health department will be notified 49. The mother brings her daughter to the health care clinic. The child was diagnosed with conjunctivitis. The nurse provides health teaching to the mother about the proper care of her daughter while at home. Which statement by the mother indicates a need for additional information? A) I do not need to be concerned about the spreading of this infection to others in my family B) I should apply warm compresses before instilling antibiotic drops if purulent discharge is present in my daughters eye C) I can use an ophthalmic analgesic ointment at nighttime if I have eye discomfort D) I should perform a saline eye irrigation before instilling, the antibiotic drops into my daughters eye if purulent discharge is present" 50. A community health nurse is caring for a group of flood victims in Marikina area. In planning for the potential needs of this group, which is the most immediate concern? A) Finding affordable housing for the group B) Peer support through structured groups C) Setting up a 24-hour crisis center and hotline D) Meeting the basic needs to ensure that adequate food, shelter and clothing are available

1. C. Nothing must be placed in the mouth of a toddler who just undergone a cleft palate repair until the suture line has completely healed. It is the nurses responsibility to inform the parent of the client. Spoon, forks, straws, and tongue blades are other unacceptable items to place in the mouth of a toddler who just undergone cleft palate repair. The general principle of care is that nothing should enter the mouth until the suture line has completely healed. 2. D. The pancreatic capsules contain pancreatic enzyme that should be administered in a cold, not a hot, medium (example: chilled applesauce versus hot chocolate) to maintain the

medications integrity. 3. B. When oral iron preparations are given correctly, the stools normally turn dark green or black. Parents of children receiving this medication should be advised that this side effect indicates the medication is being absorbed and is working well. 4. C. Reviewing the number of prescription refills the child has required over the last 6 months would be the best indicator of how well controlled and thus how effective the childs asthma treatment is. Breakthrough wheezing, shortness of breath, and upper respiratory infections would require that the child take additional medication. This would be reflected in the number of prescription refills. 5. D. Tetracycline may cause a phototoxic reaction. 6. D. The normal heart rate of an infant is 120-160 beats per minute. 7. C. Both gentamicin and chemotherapeutic agents can cause renal impairment and acute renal failure; thus baseline renal function must be evaluated before initiating either medication. 8. C. In selecting the correct needle to administer an IM injection to a preschooler, the nurse should always look at the child and use judgment in evaluating muscle mass and amount of subcutaneous fat. In this case, in the absence of further data, the nurse would be most correct in selecting a needle gauge and length appropriate for the average preschool child. A medium-gauge needle (21G) that is 1 inch long would be most appropriate. 9. C. The purpose of the salicylate therapy is to relieve the pain associated with the migratory polyarthritis accompanying the rheumatic fever. Playing mini piano would require movement of the childs joints and would provide the nurse with a means of evaluating the childs level of pain. 10. D. The recommended position to administer rectal medications to children is side-lying with the upper leg flexed. This position allows the nurse to safely and effectively administer the medication while promoting comfort for the child. 11. C. For a 12month-old child, 110 apical pulse rate is normal and therefore it is safe to give the digoxin. A toddlers normal pulse rate is slightly lower than an infants (120). 12. B. Chest physiotherapy treatments are scheduled between meals to prevent aspiration of stomach contents, because the child is placed in a variety of positions during the treatment process. 13. C. It is common misconception that breastfeeding may prevent pregnancy. 14. B. The security blanket is an important transitional object for the toddler. It provides a feeling of comfort and safety when the maternal figure is not present or when in a new

situation for which the toddler was not prepared. Virtually any object (stuffed animal, doll, book etc) can become a security blanket for the toddler. 15. D. Toddlers need to meet the developmental milestone of autonomy versus shame and doubt. In order to accomplish this, the toddler must be able to explore and manipulate the environment. 16. D. The introduction of a baby into a family with one or more children challenges parent to promote acceptance of the baby by siblings. The parents attitudes toward the arrival of the baby can set the stage for the other childrens reaction. S pending time with the older siblings alone will also reassure them of their place in the family, even though the older children will have to eventually assume new positions within the family hierarchy. 17. D. The autonomous toddler would be frustrated by being confined to be. The pounding board and hammer is developmentally appropriate and an excellent way for the toddler to release frustration. 18. D. It is the developmental task of an 18-month-old toddler to explore and learn about the environment. The respiratory complications associated with cystic fibrosis (which are present in almost all children with cystic fibrosis) could prevent this development task from occurring. 19. C. The best diversion for a hospitalized child aged 2-3 years old would be anything that makes noise or makes a mess; xylophone which certainly makes noise or music would be the best choice. 20. B. An 11-month-old child stands alone and can walk holding onto people or objects. Therefore the installation of a gate at the top and bottom of any stairs in the house is crucial for the childs safety. 21. D. In second grade a child needs to form a close relationships with peers. 22. B. A 5-year-old is highly concerned with body integrity. The preschool-age child normally asks many questions and in a situation such as this, could be expected to ask even more. 23. C. A 9-year-old enjoys working and feeling a sense of accomplishment. The school-age child also enjoys showing off, and doing something with the nurse on the pediatric uni t would allow this. This activity also provides the school-age child a needed opportunity to interact with others in the absence of school and personal friends. 24. B. Adolescents do feel indestructible, and this is reflected in many risk-taking behaviors. 25. D. An 8-month-old infant both recognizes and is fearful of strangers. This developmental milestone is known as stranger anxiety.

26. A. The basal body temperature (BBT) is the lowest body temperature of a healthy person that is taken immediately after waking and before getting out of bed. The BBT usually varies from 36.2 36.3 degree Celsius during menses and for about 5-7 days afterward. About the time of ovulation, a slight drop approximately 0.05 degree Celsius in temperature may be seen; after ovulation, in concert with the increasing progesterone levels of the early luteal phase, the BBT rises 0.2-0.4 degree Celsius. This elevation remains until 2-3 days before menstruation, or if pregnancy has occurred. 27. C. The woman must understand that, although the fertile period is approximately midcycle, hormonal variations do occur and can result in early or late ovulations. To be effective, the diaphragm should be inserted before every intercourse. 28. D. Although instructions vary among birth centers, primigravidas should seek care when regular contractions are felt about 5 minutes apart, becoming longer and stronger. 29. B. Prolactin suppresses estrogen, which is needed to stimulate vaginal lubrication during arousal. 30. B. A wood surface provides the least chance for organisms to be present. 31. A. Preventing infection in the infant with eczema is the nurses most important goal. The infant with eczema is at high risk for infection due to numerous breaks in th e skins integrity. Intact skin is always the infants first line of defense against infection. 32. B. A skin rash could indicate a concurrent infectious disease process in the infant. The scheduled immunizations should be withheld until the status of th e infants health can be determined. Fevers above 38.5 degrees Celsius, alteration in skin integrity, and infectiousappearing secretions are indications to withhold immunizations. 33. C. Continuity is essential to promote active immunity and give hepatitis B lifelong prophylaxis. Optimally, the third vaccination is given 6 months after the first. 34. B. Because of the high incidence of breast cancer, all women are considered to be at risk regardless of health history. 35. B. Handwashing is the best way to prevent the spread of infection. 36. A. The purpose of the visit takes priority. 37. D. Frequent douching interferes with the natural protective barriers in the vagina that resist yeast infection and should be avoided. 38. A. Completion for the recommended schedule of infant immunizations does not require a large number of immunizations, but it also provides protection against multiple pediatric communicable and infectious diseases.

39. C. This is appropriate foods that are high in iron and calcium but would not affect lactose intolerance. 40. D. Intervention is needed when the woman thinks that she needs to wait only 6 months after being free of TB before she can get pregnant. She needs to wait 1.5-2years after she is declared to be free of TB before she should attempt pregnancy. 41. C. Salmonella organisms cause lower GI symptoms 42. C. It is a safety hazard to have shiny floors and scattered rugs because they can cause falls and rugs should be removed. 43. C. Condoms do not prevent ALL forms of sexually transmitted diseases. 44. A. Pregnancy is one contraindication to breast-feeding. Milk secretion is inhibited and the babys sucking may stimulate uterine contractions. 45. C. Perianal itching is the childs chief complaint associated with the diagnosis of pinworms. The itching, in this instance, is often described as being intense in nature. Pinworms infestation usually occurs because the child is in the anus-to-mouth stage of development (child uses the toilet, does not wash hands, places hands and pinworm eggs in mouth). Teaching the child hand washing before eating and after using the toilet can assist in breaking the cycle. 46. C. Severe itching of the scalp is the classic sign and symptom of head lice in a child. In turn, this would lead to the nursing diagnosis of altered comfort. 47. C. Kernigs sign is the inability of the child to extend the legs fully when lying supine. This sign is frequently present in bacterial meningitis. Nuchal rigidity is also present in bacterial meningitis and occurs when pain prevents the child from touching the chin to the chest. 48. C. The primary goal is to prevent the spread of the disease to others. The child should experience no complication. Although the health department may need to be notified at some point, it is no the primary goal. It is also important to prevent discomfort as much as possible. 49. A. Conjunctivitis is highly contagious. Antibiotic drops are usually administered four times a day. When purulent discharge is present, saline eye irrigations or eye applications of warm compresses may be necessary before instilling the medication. Ophthalmic analgesic ointment or drops may be instilled, especially at bedtime, because discomfort becomes more noticeable when the eyelids are closed. 50. D. The question asks about the immediate concern. The ABCs of community health care are always attending to peoples basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing

The scope of this Nursing Test III is parallel to the NP3 NLE Coverage:

Medical Surgical Nursing

1. The nurse is going to replace the Pleur-O-Vac attached to the client with a small, persistent left upper lobe pneumothorax with a Heimlich Flutter Valve. Which of the following is the best rationale for this? A) Promote air and pleural drainage B) Prevent kinking of the tube C) Eliminate the need for a dressing D) Eliminate the need for a water-seal drainage 2. The client with acute pancreatitis and fluid volume deficit is transferred from the ward to the ICU. Which of the following will alert the nurse? A) Decreased pain in the fetal position B) Urine output of 35mL/hr C) CVP of 12 mmHg D) Cardiac output of 5L/min 3. The nurse in the morning shift is making rounds in the ward. The nurse enters the clients room and found the client in discomfort condition. The client complains of stiffness in the joints. To reduce the early morning stiffness of the joints of the client,the nurse can encourage the client to: A) Sleep with a hot pad B) Take to aspirins before arising, and wait 15 minutes before attempting locomotion C) Take a hot tub bath or shower in the morning D) Put joints through passive ROM before trying to move them actively 4. The nurse is planning of care to a client with peptic ulcer disease. To avoid the worsening condition of the client, the nurse should carefully plan the diet of the client. Which of the following will be included in the diet regime of the client? A) Eating mainly bland food and milk or dairy products B) Reducing intake of high-fiber foods C) Eating small, frequent meals and a bedtime snack D) Eliminating intake of alcohol and coffee 5. The physician has given instruction to the nurse that the client can be ambulated on crutches, with no weight bearing on the affected limb. The nurse is aware that the appropriate crutch gait for the nurse to teach the client would be: A) Tripod gait B) Two-point gait

C) Four-point gait D) Three-point gait 6. The client is transferred to the nursing care unit from the operating room after a transurethral resection of the prostate. The client is complaining of pain in the abdomen area. The nurse suspects of bladder spasms, which of the following is the best nursing action to minimize the pain felt by the client? A) Advising the client not to urinate around catheter B) Intermittent catheter irrigation with saline C) Giving prescribed narcotics every 4 hour D) Repositioning catheter to relieve pressure 7. A client is diagnosed with peptic ulcer. The nurse caring for the client expects the physician to order which diet? A) NPO B) Small feedings of bland food C) A regular diet given frequently in small amounts D) Frequent feedings of clear liquids 8. The nurse is going to insert a Miller-Abbott tube to the client. Before insertion of the tube, the balloon is tested for patency and capacity and then deflated. Which of the following nursing measure will ease the insertion to the tube? A) Positioning the client in Semi-Fowlers position B) Administering a sedative to reduce anxiety C) Chilling the tube before insertion D) Warming the tube before insertion 9. The physician ordered a low-sodium diet to the client. Which of the following food will the nurse avoid to give to the client? A) Orange juice. B) Whole milk. C) Ginger ale. D) Black coffee. 10. Mr. Bean, a 70-year-old client is admitted in the hospital for almost one month. The nurse understands that prolonged immobilization could lead to decubitus ulcers. Which of the following would be the least appropriate nursing intervention in the prevention of decubitus? A) Giving backrubs with alcohol B) Use of a bed cradle C) Frequent assessment of the skin D) Encouraging a high-protein diet

11. The physician prescribed digoxin 0.125 mg PO qd to a client and instructed the nurse that the client is on high-potassium diet. High potassium foods are recommended in the diet of a client taking digitalis preparations because a low serum potassium has which of the following effects? A) Potentiates the action of digoxin B) Promotes calcium retention C) Promotes sodium excretion D) Puts the client at risk for digitalis toxicity 12. The nurse is caring for a client who is transferred from the operating room for pneumonectomy. The nurse knows that immediately following pneumonectomy; the client should be in what position? A) Supine on the unaffected side B) Low-Fowlers on the back C) Semi-Fowlers on the affected side D) Semi-Fowlers on the unaffected side 13. A client is placed on digoxin, high potassium foods are recommended in the diet of the client. Which of the following foods willthe nurse give to the client? A) Whole grain cereal, orange juice, and apricots B) Turkey, green bean, and Italian bread C) Cottage cheese, cooked broccoli, and roast beef D) Fish, green beans and cherry pie 14. The nurse is assigned to care to a client who undergone thyroidectomy. What nursing intervention is important during the immediate postoperative period following a thyroidectomy? A) Assess extremities for weakness and flaccidity B) Support the head and neck during position changes C) Position the client in high Fowlers D) Medicate for restlessness and anxiety 15. What would be the recommended diet the nurse will implement to a client with burns of the head, face, neck and anterior chest? A) Serve a high-protein, high-carbohydrate diet B) Encourage full liquid diet C) Serve a high-fat diet, high-fiber diet D) Monitor intake to prevent weight gain 16. A client with multiple fractures of both lower extremities is admitted for 3 days ago and

is on skeletal traction. The client is complaining of having difficulty in bowel movement. Which of the following would be the most appropriate nursing intervention? A) Administer an enema B) Perform range-of-motion exercise to all extremities C) Ensure maximum fluid intake (3000ml/day) D) Put the client on the bedpan every 2 hours 17. John is diagnosed with Addisons disease and admitted in the hospital. What would be the appropriate nursing care for John? A) Reducing physical and emotional stress B) Providing a low-sodium diet C) Restricting fluids to 1500ml/day D) Administering insulin-replacement therapy 18. Mr. Smith is scheduled for an above-the-knee amputation. After the surgery he was transferred to the nursing care unit. The nurse assigned to him knows that 72 hours after the procedure the client should be positioned properly to prevent contractures. Which of the following is the best position to the client? A) Side-lying, alternating left and right sides B) Sitting in a reclining chair twice a day C) Lying on abdomen several times daily D) Supine with stump elevated at least 30 degrees 19. A client is scheduled to have an inguinal herniorraphy in the outpatient surgical department. The nurse is providing health teaching about post surgical care to the client. Which of the following statement if made by the client would reflect the need for more teaching? A) I should call the physician if I have a cough or cold before surgery B) I will be able to drive soon after surgery C) I will not be able to do any heavy lifting for 3-6 weeks after surgery D) I should support my incision if I have to cough or turn 20. Ms Jones is brought to the emergency room and is complaining of muscle spasms, numbness, tremors and weakness in the arms and legs. The client was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. The nurse assigned to Ms. Jones is aware that she has to prevent fatigue to the client to alleviate the discomfort. Which of the following teaching is necessary to prevent fatigue? A) Avoid extremes in temperature B) Install safety devices in the home C) Attend support group meetings D) Avoid physical exercise

21. Mr. Stewart is in sickle cell crisis and complaining pain in the joints and difficulty of breathing. On the assessment of the nurse, his temperature is 38.1 C. The physician ordered Morphine sulfate via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), and oxygen at 4L/min. A priority nursing diagnosis to Mr. Stewart is risk for infection. A nursing intervention to assist in preventing infection is: A) Using standard precautions and medical asepsis B) Enforcing a no visitors rule C) Using moist heat on painful joints D) Monitoring a vital signs every 2 hour 22. Mrs. Maupin is a professor in a prestigious university for 30 years. After lecture, she experience blurring of vision and tiredness. Mrs. Maupin is brought to the emergency department. On assessment, the nurse notes that the blood pressure of the client is 139/90. Mrs. Maupin has been diagnosed with essential hypertension and placed on medication to control her BP. Which potential nursing diagnosis will be a priority for discharge teaching? A) Sleep Pattern disturbance B) Impaired physical mobility C) Noncompliance D) Fluid volume excess 23. Following a needle biopsy of the kidney, which assessment is an indication that the client is bleeding? A) Slow, irregular pulse B) Dull, abdominal discomfort C) Urinary frequency D) Throbbing headache 24. A client with acute bronchitis is admitted in the hospital. The nurse assigned to the client is making a plan of care regarding expectoration of thick sputum. Which nursing action is most effective? A) Place the client in a lateral position every 2 hour B) Splint the patients chest with pillows when coughing C) Use humified oxygen D) Offer fluids at regular intervals 25. The nurse is going to assess the bowel sound of the client. For accurate assessment of the bowel sound, the nurse should listen for at least: A) 5 minutes B) 60 seconds C) 30 seconds D) 2 minutes

26. The nurse encourages the client to wear compression stockings. What is the rationale behind in using compression stockings? A) Compression stockings promote venous return B) Compression stockings divert blood to major vessels C) Compression stockings decreases workload on the heart D) Compression stockings improve arterial circulation 27. Mr. Whitman is a stroke client and is having difficulty in swallowing. Which is the best nursing intervention is most likely to assist the client? A) Placing food in the unaffected side of the mouth B) Increasing fiber in the diet C) Asking the patient to speak slowly D) Increasing fluid intake 28. Following nephrectomy, the nurse closely monitors the urinary output of the client. Which assessment finding is an early indicator of fluid retention in the postoperative period? A) Periorbital edema B) Increased specific gravity of urine C) A urinary output of 50mL/hr D) Daily weight gain of 2 lb or more 29. A nurse is completing an assessment to a client with cirrhosis. Which of the following nursing assessment is important to notify the physician? A) Expanding ecchymosis B) Ascites and serum albumin of 3.2 g/dl C) Slurred speech D) Hematocrit of 37% and hemoglobin of 12g/dl 30. Mr. Park is 32-year-old, a badminton player and has a type 1 diabetes mellitus. After the game, the client complains of becoming diaphoretic and light-headedness. The client asks the nurse how to avoid this reaction. The nurse will recommend to: A) Allow plenty of time after the insulin injection and before beginning the match B) Eat a carbohydrate snack before and during the badminton match C) Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after bed time D) Take insulin just before starting the badminton match 31. A client is rushed to the emergency room due to serious vehicle accident. The nurse is suspecting of head injury. Which of the following assessment findings would the nurse report to the physician?

A) CVP of 5mmHa B) Glasgow Coma Scale score of 13 C) Polyuria and dilute urinary output D) Insomnia 32. Mrs. Moore, 62-year-old, with diabetes is in the emergency department. She stepped on a sharp sea shells while walking barefoot along the beach. Mrs. Moore did not notice that the object pierced the skin until later that evening. What problem does the client most probably have? A) Nephropathy B) Macroangiopathy C) Carpal tunnel syndrome D) Peripheral neuropathy 33. A client with gangrenous foot has undergone a below-knee amputation. The nurse in the nursing care unit knows that the priority nursing intervention in the immediate post operative care of this client is: A) Elevate the stump on a pillow for the first 24 hours B) Encourage use of trapeze C) Position the client prone periodically D) Apply a cone-shaped dressing 34. A client with a diagnosis of gastric ulcer is complaining of syncope and vertigo. What would be the initial nursing intervention by the nurse? A) Monitor the clients vital signs B) Keep the client on bed rest C) Keep the patient on bed rest D) Give a stat dose of Sucralfate (Carafate) 35. After a right lower lobectomy on a 55-year-old client, which action should the nurse initiate when the client is transferred from the post anesthesia care unit? A) Notify the family to report the clients condition B) Immediately administer the narcotic as ordered C) Keep client on right side supported by pillows D) Encourage coughing and deep breathing every 2 hours 36. The nurse is providing a discharge instruction about the prevention of urinary stasis to a client with frequent bladder infection. Which of the following will the nurse include in the instruction? A) Drink 3-4 quarts of fluid every day B) Empty the bladder every 2-4 hours while awake

C) Encourage the use of coffee, tea, and colas for their diuretic effect D) Teach Kegel exercises to control bladder flow 37. A male client visits the clinic for check-up. The client tells the nurse that there is a yellow discharge from his penis. He also experiences a burning sensation when urinating. The nurse is suspecting of gonorrhea. What teaching is necessary for this client? A) Sex partner of 3 months ago must be treated B) Women with gonorrhea are symptomatic C) Use a condom for sexual activity D) Sex partner needs to be evaluated 38. A client with AIDS is admitted in the hospital. He is receiving intravenous therapy. While the nurse is assessing the IV site, the client becomes confused and restless and the intravenous catheter becomes disconnected and minimal amount of the clients blood spills onto the floor. Which action will the nurse take to remove the blood spill? A) Promptly clean with a 1:10 solution of household bleach and water B) Promptly clean up the blood spill with full-strength antimicrobial cleaning solution C) Immediately mop the floor with boiling water D) Allow the blood to dry before cleaning to decrease the possibility of cross-contamination 39. Before surgery, the physician ordered pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal) for the client to sleep. The night before the scheduled surgery, the nurse gave the pre-medication. One hour later the client is still unable to sleep. The nurse review the clients chart and note the physicians prescription with an order to repeat. What should the nurse do next? A) Rub the clients back until relaxed B) Prepare a glass of warm milk C) Give the second dose of pentobarbital sodium D) Explore the clients feelings about surgery 40. The nurse on the night shift is making rounds in the nursing care unit. The nurse is about to enter to the clients room when a ventilator alarm soun ds, what is the first action the nurse should do? A) Assess the lung sounds B) Suction the client right away C) Look at the client D) Turn and position the client 41. What effective precautions should the nurse use to control the transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)? A) Use gloves and handwashing before and after client contact B) Do nasal cultures on healthcare providers

C) Place the client on total isolation D) Use mask and gown during care of the MRSA client 42. The postoperative gastrectomy client is scheduled for discharge. The client asks the nurse, When I will be allowed to eat three meals a day like the rest of my family?. The appropriate nursing response is: A) You will probably have to eat six meals a day for the rest of your life. B) Eating six meals a day can be a bother, cant it? C) Some clients can tolerate three meals a day by the time they leave the hospital. Maybe it will be a little longer for you. D) It varies from client to client, but generally in 6-12 months most clients can return to their previous meal patterns 43. A male client with cirrhosis is complaining of belly pain, itchiness and his breasts are getting larger and also the abdomen. The client is so upset because of the discomfort and asks the nurse why his breast and abdomen are getting larger. Which of the following is the appropriate nursing response? A) How much of a difference have you noticed B) Its part of the swelling your body is experiencing C) Its probably because you have been less physically active D) Your liver is not destroying estrogen hormones that all men produce 44. A client is diagnosed with detached retina and scheduled for surgery. Preoperative teaching of the nurse to the client includes: A) No eye pain is expected postoperatively B) Semi-fowlers position will be used to reduce pressure in the eye. C) Eye patches may be used postoperatively D) Return of normal vision is expected following surgery 45. A 70-year-old client is brought to the emergency department with a caregiver. The client has manifestations of anorexia, wasting of muscles and multiple bruises. What nursing interventions would the nurse implement? A) Talk to the client about the caregiver and support system B) Complete a gastrointestinal and neurological assessment C) Check the lab data for serum albumin, hematocrit and hemoglobin D) Complete a police report on elder abuse 46. A nurse is providing a discharge instruction to the client about the self-catheterization at home. Which of the following instructions would the nurse include? A) Wash the catheter with soap and water after each use B) Lubricate the catheter with Vaseline

C) Perform the Valsalva maneuver to promote insertion D) Replace the catheter with a new one every 24 hour 47. The nurse in the nursing care unit is assigned to care to a client who is Immunocompromised. The client tells the nurse that his chest is painful and the blisters are itchy. What would be the nursing intervention to this client? A) Call the physician B) Give a prn pain medication C) Clarify if the client is on a new medication D) Use gown and gloves while assessing the lesions 48. A client is admitted and has been diagnosed with bacterial (meningococcal) meningitis. The infection control registered nurse visits the staff nurse caring to the client. What statement made by the nurse reflects an understanding of the management of this client? A) speech pattern may be altered B) Respiratory isolation is necessary for 24 hours after antibiotics are started C) Perform skin culture on the macular popular rash D) Expect abnormal general muscle contractions 49. A 18-year-old male client had sustained a head injury from a motorbike accident. It is uncertain whether the client may have minimal but permanent disability. The family is concerned regarding the clients difficulty accepting the possibility of long term effects. Which nursing diagnosis is best for this situation? A) Nutrition, less than body requirements B) Injury, potential for sensory-perceptual alterations C) Impaired mobility, related to muscle weakness D) Anticipatory grieving, due to the loss of independence 50. A client with AIDS is scheduled for discharge. The client tells the nurse that one of his hobbies at home is gardening. What will be the discharge instruction of the nurse to the client knowing that the client is prone to toxoplasmosis? A) Wash all vegetables before cooking B) Wear gloves when gardening C) Wear a mask when travelling to foreign countries D) Avoid contact with cats and birds

1. D. The Heimlich flutter valve has a one-way valve that allows air and fluid to drain. Underwater seal drainage is not necessary. This can be connected to a drainage bag for the patients mobility. The absence of a long drainage tubing and the presence of a one-way valve promote effective therapy 2. C. C = the normal CVP is 0-8 mmHg. This value reflects hypervolemia. The right

ventricular function of this client reflects fluid volume overload, and the physician should be notified. 3. C. A hot tub bath or shower in the morning helps many patients limber up and reduces the symptoms of early morning stiffness. Cold and ice packs are used to a lesser degree, though some clients state that cold decreases localized pain, particularly during acute attacks. 4. D. These substances stimulate the production of hydrochloric acid, which is detrimental in peptic ulcer disease. 5. D. The three-point gait is appropriate when weight bearing is not allowed on the affected limb. The swing-to and swing-through crutch gaits may also be used when only one leg can be used for weight bearing 6. A. The client needs to be told before surgery that the catheter causes the urge to void. Attempts to void around the catheter cause the bladder muscles to contract and result in painful spasms. 7. B. Bland feedings should be given in small amounts on a frequent basis to neutralize the hydrochloric acid and to prevent overload 8. C. Chilling the tube before insertion assists in relieving some of the nasal discomfort. Water-soluble lubricants along with viscous lidocaine (Xylocaine) may also be used. It is usually only lightly lubricated before insertion 9. B. Whole milk should be avoided to include in the clients diet because it has 120 mg of sodium in 8 0z of milk. 10. A. Alcohol is extremely drying and contributes to skin break down. An emollient lotion should be used. 11. D. Potassium influences the excitability of nerves and muscles. When potassium is low and the client is on digoxin, the risk of digoxin toxicity is increased. 12. C. This position allows maximum expansion, ventilation, and perfusion of the remaining lung. 13. A. These foods are high in potassium 14. B. Stress on the suture line should be avoided. Prevent flexion or hyperextension of the neck, and provide a small pillow under thehead and neck. Neck muscles have been affected during a thyroidectomy, support essential for comfort and incisional support. 15. A. A positive nitrogen balance is important for meeting metabolic needs, tissue repair, and resistance to infection. Caloric goals may be as high as 5000 calories per day.

16. C. The best early intervention would be to increase fluid intake, because constipation is common when activity is decreased or usual routines have been interrupted. 17. A. Because the clients ability is to react to stress is decreased, maintaining a quiet environment becomes A nursing priority. Dehydration is a common problem in Addisons disease, so close observation of the clients hydration level i s crucial. To promote optimal hydration and sodium intake, fluid intake is increased, particularly fluid containing electrolytes, such as broths, carbonated beverages, and juices. 18. C. At about 48-72 hours, the client must be turned onto the abdomen to prevent flexion contractures. 19. B. The client should not drive for 2 weeks after surgery to avoid stress on the incision. This reflects a need for additional teaching. 20. A. Extremes in heat and cold will exacerbate symptoms. Heat delays transmission of impulses and increases fatigue. 21. A. Vigilant implementation of standard precautions and medical asepsis is an effective means of preventing infection 22. C. Noncompliance is a major problem in the management of chronic disease. In hypertension, the client often does not feel ill and thus does not see a need to follow a treatment regimen. 23. B. An accumulation of blood from the kidney into the abdomen would manifest itself with these symptoms 24. D. Fluids liquefy secretions and therefore make it easier to expectorate 25. D. Physical assessment guidelines recommend listening for atleast 2 minutes in each quadrant (and up to 5 minutes, not at least 5 minutes). 26. A. Compression stockings promote venous return and prevent peripheral pooling. 27. A. Placing food in the unaffected side of the mouth assists in the swallowing process because the client has sensation on that side and will have more control over the swallowing process. 28. D. Daily weights are taken following nephrectomy. Daily increases of 2 lb or more are indicative of fluid retention and should be reported to the physician. Intake and output records may also reflect this imbalance. 29. A. Clients with cirrhosis have already coagulation due to thrombocytopenia and vitamin K deficiency. This could be a sign of bleeding

30. B. Exercise enhances glucose uptake, and the client is at risk for an insulin reaction. Snacks with carbohydrates will help. 31. C. These are symptoms of diabetes insipidus. The patient can become hypovolemic and vasopressin may reverse the Polyuria. 32. D. Peripheral neuropathy refers to nerve damage of the hands and feet. The client did not notice that the object pierced the skin. 33. A. The elevation of the stump on a pillow for the first 24 hours decreases edema and increases venous return. 34. B. The priority is to maintain clients safety. With syncope and vertigo, the client is at high risk for falling. 35. D. Coughing and deep breathing are essential for re-expansion of the lung 36. B. Avoiding stasis of urine by emptying the bladder every 2-4 hours will prevent overdistention of the bladder and future urinary tract infections. 37. D. If infected, the sex partner must be evaluated and treated 38. A. A 1:10 solution of household bleach and water is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to kill the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 39. D. Given the data, presurgical anxiety is suspected. The client needs an opportunity to talk about concerns related to surgery before further actions (which may mask the anxiety). 40. C. A quick look at the client can help identify the type and cause of the ventilator alarm. Disconnection of the tube from the ventilator, bronchospasm, and anxiety are some of the obvious reasons that could trigger an alarm. 41. A. Contact isolation has been advised by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to control transmission of MRSA, which includes gloves and handwashing. 42. D. In response to the question of the client, the nurse needs to provide brief, accurate information. Some clients who have had gastrectomies are able to tolerate three meals a day before discharge from the hospital. However, for the majority of clients, it takes 6-12 months before their surgically reduced stomach has stretched enough to accommodate a larger meal. 43. A. This allows the client to elaborate his concern and provides the nurse a baseline of assessment 44. C. Use of eye patches may be continued postoperatively, depending on surgeon

preference. This is done to achieve >90% success rate of the surgery. 45. B. Assessment and more data collection are needed. The client may have gastrointestinal or neurological problems that account for the symptoms. The anorexia could result from medications, poor dentition, or indigestion, the bruises may be attributed to ataxia, frequent falls, vertigo, or medication. 46. A. The catheter should be washed with soap and water after withdrawal and placed in a clean container. It can be reused until it is too hard or too soft for insertion. Self-care, prevention of complications, and cost-effectiveness are important in home management. 47. D. The client may have herpes zoster (shingles), a viral infection. The nurse should use standard precautions in assessing the lesions. Immunocompromised clients are at risk for infection. 48. B. After a minimum of 24 hours of IV antibiotics, the client is no longer considered communicable. Evaluation of the nurses knowledge is ne eded for safe care and continuity of care. 49. D. Stem of the question supports this choice by stating that the client has difficulty accepting the potential disability. 50. B. Toxoplasmosis is an opportunistic infection and a parasite of birds and mammals. The oocysts remain infectious in moist soil for about 1 year.

----------------The scope of this Nursing Test IV is parallel to the NP4 NLE Coverage:

Medical Surgical Nursing

1. Following spinal injury, the nurse should encourage the client to drink fluids to avoid: A) Urinary tract infection. B) Fluid and electrolyte imbalance. C) Dehydration. D) Skin breakdown. 2. The client is transferred from the operating room to recovery room after an open-heart surgery. The nurse assigned is taking the vital signs of the client. The nurse notified the physician when the temperature of the client rises to 38.8 C or 102 F because elevated temperatures: A) May be a forerunner of hemorrhage. B) Are related to diaphoresis and possible chilling.

C) May indicate cerebral edema. D) Increase the cardiac output. 3. After radiation therapy for cancer of the prostate, the client experienced irritation in the bladder. Which of the following sign of bladder irritability is correct? A) Hematuria B) Dysuria C) Polyuria D) Dribbling 4. A client is diagnosed with a brain tumor in the occipital lobe. Which of the following will the client most likely experience? A) Visual hallucinations. B) Receptive aphasia. C) Hemiparesis. D) Personality changes. 5. A client with Addisons disease has a blood pressure of 65/60. The nurse understands that decreased blood pressure of the client with Addisons disease involves a disturbance in the production of: A) Androgens B) Glucocorticoids C) Mineralocorticoids D) Estrogen 6. The nurse is planning to teach the client about a spontaneous pneumothorax. The nurse would base the teaching on the understanding that: A) Inspired air will move from the lung into the pleural space. B) There is greater negative pressure within the chest cavity. C) The heart and great vessels shift to the affected side. D) The other lung will collapse if not treated immediately. 7. During an assessment, the nurse recognizes that the client has an increased risk for developing cancer of the tongue. Which of the following health history will be a concern? A) Heavy consumption of alcohol. B) Frequent gum chewing. C) Nail biting. D) Poor dental habits. 8. The client in the orthopedic unit asks the nurse the reason behind why compact bone is

stronger than cancellous bone. Which of the following is the correct response of the nurse? A) Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater size. B) Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater weight. C) Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater volume. D) Compact bone is stronger than cancellous bone because of its greater density. 9. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of the client. In reviewing the results of the RBC count, the nurse understands that the higher the red blood cell count, the : A) Greater the blood viscosity. B) Higher the blood pH. C) Less it contributes to immunity. D) Lower the hematocrit. 10. The physician advised the client with Hemiparesis to use a cane. The client asks the nurse why cane will be needed. The nurse explains to the client that cane is advised specifically to: A) Aid in controlling involuntary muscle movements. B) Relieve pressure on weight-bearing joints. C) Maintain balance and improve stability. D) Prevent further injury to weakened muscles. 11. The nurse is conducting a discharge teaching regarding the prevention of further problems to a client who undergone surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome of the right hand. Which of the following instruction will the nurse includes? A) Learn to type using your left hand only. B) Avoid typing in a long period of time. C) Avoid carrying heavy things using the right hand. D) Do manual stretching exercise during breaks. 12. A female client is admitted because of recurrent urinary tract infections. The client asks the nurse why she is prone to this disease. The nurse states that the client is most susceptible because of: A) Continuity of the mucous membrane. B) Inadequate fluid intake. C) The length of the urethra. D) Poor hygienic practices. 13. A 55-year-old client is admitted with chest pain that radiates to the neck, jaw and shoulders that occurs at rest, with high body temperature, weak with generalized sweating and with decreased blood pressure. A myocardial infarction is diagnosed. The nurse knows that the most accurate explanation for one of these presenting adaptations is:

A) Catecholamines released at the site of the infarction causes intermittent localized pain. B) Parasympathetic reflexes from the infarcted myocardium causes diaphoresis. C) Constriction of central and peripheral blood vessels causes a decrease in blood pressure. D) Inflammation in the myocardium causes a rise in the systemic body temperature. 14. Following an amputation of a lower limb to a male client, the nurse provides an instruction on how to prevent a hip flexion contracture. The nurse should instruct the client to:. A) Perform quadriceps muscle setting exercises twice a day. B) Sit in a chair for 30 minutes three times a day. C) Lie on the abdomen 30 minutes every four hours. D) Turn from side to side every 2 hours. 15. The physician scheduled the client with rheumatoid arthritis for the injection of hydrocortisone into the knee joint. The client asks the nurse why there is a need for this injection. The nurse explains that the most important reason for doing this is to: A) Lubricate the joint. B) Prevent ankylosis of the joint. C) Reduce inflammation. D) Provide physiotherapy. 16. The nurse is assigned to care for a 57-year-old female client who had a cataract surgery an hour ago. The nurse should: A) Advise the client to refrain from vigorous brushing of teeth and hair. B) Instruct the client to avoid driving for 2 weeks. C) Encourage eye exercises to strengthen the ocular musculature. D) Teach the client coughing and deep-breathing techniques. 17. A client with AIDS develops bacterial pneumonia is admitted in the emergency department. The clients arterial blood gases is drawn and the result is PaO2 80mmHg. then arterial blood gases are drawn again and the level is reduced from 80 mmHg to 65 mmHg. The nurse should; A) Have arterial blood gases performed again to check for accuracy. B) Increase the oxygen flow rate. C) Notify the physician. D) Decrease the tension of oxygen in the plasma. 18. An 18-year-old college student is brought to the emergency department due to serious motor vehicle accident. Right above-knee-amputation is done. Upon awakening from surgery the client tells the nurse, What happened to me? I cannot remember anything? Which of the following would be the appropriate initial nursing response?

A) You sound concerned; Youll probably remember more as you wake up. B) Tell me what you think happened. C) You were in a car accident this morning. D) An amputation of your right leg was necessary because of an accident. 19. A 38-year-old client with severe hypertension is hospitalized. The physician prescribed a Captopril (Capoten) and Alprazolam (Xanax) for treatment. The client tells the nurse that there is something wrong with the medication and nursing care. The nurse recognizes this behavior is probably a manifestation of the clients: A) Reaction to hypertensive medications. B) Denial of illness. C) Response to cerebral anoxia. D) Fear of the health problem. 20. Before discharge, the nurse scheduled the client who had a colostomy for colorectal cancer for discharge instruction about resuming activities. The nurse should plan to help the client understands that: A) After surgery, changes in activities must be made to accommodate for the physiologic changes caused by the operation. B) Most sports activities, except for swimming, can be resumed based on the clients overall physical condition. C) With counseling and medical guidance, a near normal lifestyle, including complete sexual function is possible. D) Activities of daily living should be resumed as quickly as possible to avoid depression and further dependency. 21. A client is scheduled for bariatric surgery. Preoperative teaching is done. Which of the following statement would alert the nurse that further teaching to the client is necessary? A) I will be limiting my intake to 600 to 800 calories a day once I start eating again. B) Im going to have a figure like a model in about a year. C) I need to eat more high-protein foods. D) I will be going to be out of bed and sitting in a chair the first day after surgery.. 22. The client who had transverse colostomy asks the nurse about the possible effect of the surgery on future sexual relationship. What would be the best nursing response? A) The surgery will temporarily decrease the clients sexual impulses. B) Sexual relationships must be curtailed for several weeks. C) The partner should be told about the surgery before any sexual activity. D) The client will be able to resume normal sexual relationships. 23. A 75-year-old male client tells the nurse that his wife has osteoporosis and asks what chances he had of getting also osteoporosis like his wife. Which of the following is the

correct response of the nurse? A) This is only a problem for women. B) You are not at risk because of your small frame. C) You might think about having a bone density test, D) Exercise is a good way to prevent this problem. 24. An older adult client with acute pain is admitted in the hospital. The nurse understands that in managing acute pain of the client during the first 24 hours, the nurse should ensure that: A) Ordered PRN analgesics are administered on a scheduled basis. B) Patient controlled analgesia is avoided in this population. C) Pain medication is ordered via the intramuscular route. D) An order for meperidine (Demerol) is secured for pain relief. 25. A nurse is caring to an older adult with presbycusis. In formulating nursing care plan for this client, the nurse should expect that hearing loss of the client that is caused by aging to have: A) Overgrowth of the epithelial auditory lining. B) Copious, moist cerumen. C) Difficulty hearing womens voices. D) Tears in the tympanic membrane. 26. The nurse is reviewing the clients chart about the ordered medication. The nurse must observe for signs of hyperkalemia when administering: A) Furosemide (Lasix) B) Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL) C) Metolazone (Zaroxolyn) D) Spironolactone (Aldactone) 27. The physician prescribed Albuterol (Proventil) to the client with severe asthma. After the administration of the medication the nurse should monitor the client for: A) Palpitation B) Visual disturbance C) Decreased pulse rate D) Lethargy 28. A client is receiving diltiazem (Cardizem). What should the nurse include in a teaching plan aimed at reducing the side effects of this medication? A) Take the drug with an antacid. B) Lie down after meals.

C) Avoid dairy products in diet. D) Change positions slowly. 29. A client is receiving simvastatin (Zocor). The nurse is aware that this medication is effective when there is decrease in: A) The triglycerides B) The INR C) Chest pain D) Blood pressure 30. A client is taking nitroglycerine tablets, the nurse should teach the client the importance of: A) Increasing the number of tablets if dizziness or hypertension occurs. B) Limiting the number of tablets to 4 per day. C) Making certain the medication is stored in a dark container. D) Discontinuing the medication if a headache develops. 31. The physician prescribes Ibuprofen (Motrin) and hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Plaquenil) for a 58-year-old male client with arthritis. The nurse provides information about toxicity of the hydroxychloroquine. The nurse can determine if the information is clearly understood if the client states: A) I will contact the physician immediately if I develop blurred vision. B) I will contact the physician immediately if I develop urinary retention. C) I will contact the physician immediately if I develop swallowing difficulty. D) I will contact the physician immediately if I develop feelings of irritability. 32. The client with an acute myocardial infarction is hospitalized for almost one week. The client experiences nausea and loss of appetite. The nurse caring for the client recognizes that these symptoms may indicate the: A) Adverse effects of spironolactone (Aldactone) B) Adverse effects of digoxin (Lanoxin) C) Therapeutic effects of propranolol (Indiral) D) Therapeutic effects of furosemide (Lasix) 33. A client with a partial occlusion of the left common carotid artery is scheduled for discharge. The client is still receiving Coumadin. The nurse provided a discharge instruction to the client regarding adverse effects of Coumadin. The nurse should tell the client to consult with the physician if: A) Swelling of the ankles increases. B) Blood appears in the urine. C) Increased transient Ischemic attacks occur. D) The ability to concentrate diminishes.

34. Levodopa is ordered for a client with Parkinsons disease. Before starting the medication, the nurse should know that: A) Levodopa is inadequately absorbed if given with meals. B) Levodopa may cause the side effects of orthostatic hypotension. C) Levodopa must be monitored by weekly laboratory tests. D) Levodopa causes an initial euphoria followed by depression. 35. In making a diagnosis of myasthenia gravis Edrophonium HCI (Tensilon) is used. The nurse knows that this drug will cause a temporary increase in: A) Muscle strength B) Symptoms C) Blood pressure D) Consciousness 36. The nurse can determine the effectiveness of carbamazepine (Tegretol) in the management of trigeminal neuralgia by monitoring the clients: A) Seizure activity B) Liver function C) Cardiac output D) Pain relief 37. Administration of potassium iodide solution is ordered to the client who will undergo a subtotal thyroidectomy. The nurse understands that this medication is given to: A) Ablate the cells of the thyroid gland that produce T4. B) Decrease the total basal metabolic rate. C) Decrease the size and vascularity of the thyroid. D) Maintain function of the parathyroid gland. 38. A client with Addisons disease is scheduled for discharge. Before the discharge, the physician prescribes hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. The nurse expects the hydrocortisone to: A) Increase amounts of angiotensin II to raise the clients blood pressure. B) Control excessive loss of potassium salts. C) Prevent hypoglycemia and permit the client to respond to stress. D) Decrease cardiac dysrhythmias and dyspnea. 39. A client with diabetes insipidus is taking Desmopressin acetate (DDAVP). To determine if the drug is effective, the nurse should monitor the clients:

A) Arterial blood pH B) Pulse rate C) Serum glucose D) Intake and output 40. A client with recurrent urinary tract infections is to be discharged. The client will be taking nitrofurantoin (Macrobid) 50 mg po every evening at home. The nurse provides discharge instructions to the client. Which of the following instructions will be correct? A) Strain urine for crystals and stones B) Increase fluid intake. C) Stop the drug if the urinary output increases D) Maintain the exact time schedule for drug taking. 41. A client with cancer of the lung is receiving chemotherapy. The physician orders antibiotic therapy for the client. The nurse understands that chemotherapy destroys rapidly growing leukocytes in the: A) Bone marrow B) Liver C) Lymph nodes D) Blood 42. The physician reduced the clients Dexamethasone (Decadron) dosage gradually and to continue a lower maintenance dosage. The client asks the nurse about the change of dosage. The nurse explains to the client that the purpose of gradual dosage reduction is to allow: A) Return of cortisone production by the adrenal glands. B) Production of antibodies by the immune system C) Building of glycogen and protein stores in liver and muscle D) Time to observe for return of increases intracranial pressure 43. The nurse is assigned to care for a client with diarrhea. Excessive fluid loss is expected. The nurse is aware that fluid deficit can most accurately be assessed by: A) The presence of dry skin B) A change in body weight C) An altered general appearance D) A decrease in blood pressure 44. Which of the following is the most important electrolyte of intracellular fluid? A) Potassium B) Sodium C) Chloride D) Calcium

45. Which of the following client has a high risk for developing hyperkalemia? A) Crohns disease B) End-Stage renal disease C) Cushings syndrome D) Chronic heart failure 46. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory result of the client. The clients serum potassium level is 5.8 mEq/L. Which of the following is the initial nursing action? A) Call the cardiac arrest team to alert them B) Call the laboratory and repeat the test C) Take the clients vital signs and notify the physician D) Obtain an ECG strip and have lidocaine available 47. Potassium chloride, 20 mEq, is ordered and to be added in the IV solution of a client in a diabetic ketoacidosis. The primary reason for administering this drug is: A) Replacement of excessive losses B) Treatment of hyperpnea C) Prevention of flaccid paralysis D) Treatment of cardiac dysrhythmias 48. A female client is brought to the emergency unit. The client is complaining of abdominal cramps. On assessment, client is experiencing anorexia and weight is reduced. The physicians diagnosis is colitis. Which of the following symptoms of fluid and electrolyte imbalance should the nurse report immediately? A) Skin rash, diarrhea, and diplopia B) Development of tetaniy with muscles spasms C) Extreme muscle weakness and tachycardia D) Nausea, vomiting, and leg and stomach cramps. 49. The client is to receive an IV piggyback medication. When preparing the medication the nurse should be aware that it is very important to: A) Use strict sterile technique B) Use exactly 100mL of fluid to mix the medication C) Change the needle just before adding the medication D) Rotate the bag after adding the medication 50. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory result of the client. An arterial blood gas report indicates the clients pH is 7.20, PCO2 35 mmHg and HCO3 i s 19 mEq/L. The results are consistent with:

A) Metabolic acidosis B) Metabolic alkalosis C) Respiratory acidosis D) Respiratory alkalosis

1. A. Clients in the early stage of spinal cord damage experience an atonic bladder, which is characterized by the absence of muscle tone, an enlarged capacity, no feeling of discomfort with distention, and overflow with a large residual. This leads to urinary stasis and infection. High fluid intake limits urinary stasis and infection by diluting the urine and increasing urinary output. 2. D. The temperature of 102 F (38.8C) or greater lead to an increased metabolism and cardiac workload. 3. B. Dysuria, nocturia, and urgency are all signs an irritable bladder after radiation therapy. 4. A. The occipital lobe is involve with visual interpretation. 5. C. Mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone cause the kidneys to retain sodium ions. With sodium, water is also retained, elevating blood pressure. Absence of this hormone thus causes hypotension. 6. B. As a person with a tear in the lung inhales, air moves through that opening into the intrapleural and causes partial or complete collapse of the lungs. 7. A. Heavy alcohol ingestion predisposes an individual to the development of oral cancer. 8. D. The greater the density of compact bone makes it stronger than the cancellous bone. Compact bone forms from cancellous bone by the addition of concentric rings of bones substances to the marrow spaces of cancellous bone. The large marrow spaces are reduced to haversian canals. 9. A. Viscosity, a measure of a fluids internal resistance to flow, is increased as the number of red cells suspended in plasma. 10. C. Hemiparesis creates instability. Using a cane provides a wider base of support and, therefore greater stability. 11. D. Manual stretching exercises will assist in keeping the muscles and tendons supple and pliable, reducing the traumatic consequences of repetitive activity. 12. C. The length of the urethra is shorter in females than in males; therefore

microorganisms have a shorter distance to travel to reach the bladder. The proximity of the meatus to the anus in females also increases this incidence. 13. D. Temperature may increase within the first 24 hours and persist as long as a week. 14. C. The hips are in extension when the client is prone; this keeps the hips from flexing. 15. C. Steroids have an anti-inflammatory effect that can reduce arthritic pannus formation. 16. A. Activities such as rigorous brushing of hair and teeth cause increased intraocular pressure and may lead to hemorrhage in the anterior chamber. 17. C. This decrease in PaO2 indicates respiratory failure; it warrants immediate medical evaluation. 18. C. This is truthful and provides basic information that may prompt recollection of what happened; it is a starting point. 19. D. Clients adapting to illness frequently feel afraid and helpless and strike out at health team members as a way of maintaining control or denying their fear. 20. C. There are few physical restraints on activity postoperatively, but the client may have emotional problems resulting from the body image changes. 21. B. Clients need to be prepared emotionally for the body image changes that occur after bariatric surgery. Clients generally experience excessive abdominal skin folds after weight stabilizes, which may require a panniculectomy. Body image disturbance often occurs in response to incorrectly estimating ones size; it is not uncommon for the client to still feel fat no matter how much weight is lost. 22. D. Surgery on the bowel has no direct anatomic or physiologic effect on sexual performance. However, the nurse should encourage verbalization. 23. C. Osteoporosis is not restricted to women; it is a potential major health problem of all older adults; estimates indicate that half of all women have at least one osteoporitic fracture and the risk in men is estimated between 13% and 25%; a bone mineral density measurement assesses the mass of bone per unit volume or how tightly the bone is packed. 24. A. Around-the-clock administration of analgesics is recommended for acute pain in the older adult population; this help to maintain a therapeutic blood level of pain medication.

25. C. Generally, female voices have a higher pitch than male voices; older adults with presbycusis (hearing loss caused by the aging process) have more difficulty hearing higher-pitched sounds. 26. D. Aldactone is a potassium-sparing diuretic; hyperkalemia is an adverse effect. 27. A. Albuterols sympathomimetic effect causes cardiac stimu lation that may cause tachycardia and palpitation. 28. D. Changing positions slowly will help prevent the side effect of orthostatic hypotension. 29. A. Therapeutic effects of simvastatin include decreased serum triglyceries, LDL and cholesterol. 30. C. Nitroglycerine is sensitive to light and moisture ad must be stored in a dark, airtight container. 31. A. Visual disturbance are a sign of toxicity because retinopathy can occur with this drug. 32. B. Toxic levels of Lanoxin stimulate the medullary chemoreceptor trigger zone, resulting in nausea and subsequent anorexia. 33. B. Warfarin derivatives cause an increase in the prothrombin time and INR, leading to an increased risk for bleeding. Any abnormal or excessive bleeding must be reported, because it may indicate toxic levels of the drug. 34. B. Levodopa is the metabolic precursor of dopamine. It reduces sympathetic outflow by limiting vasoconstriction, which may result in orthostatic hypotension. 35. A. Tensilon, an anticholinesterase drug, causes temporary relief of symptoms of myasthenia gravis in client who have the disease and is therefore an effective diagnostic aid. 36. D. Carbamazepine ( Tegretol) is administered to control pain by reducing the transmission of nerve impulses in clients with trigeminal neuralgia. 37. C. Potassium iodide, which aids in decreasing the vascularity of the thyroid gland, decreases the risk for hemorrhage. 38. C. Hydrocortisone is a glucocorticoid that has anti-inflammatory action and aids in metabolism of carbohydrate, fat, and protein, causing elevation of blood glucose. Thus it enables the body to adapt to stress. 39. D. DDAVP replaces the ADH, facilitating reabsorption of water and consequent

return of normal urine output and thirst. 40. B. To prevent crystal formation, the client should have sufficient intake to produce 1000 to 1500 mL of urine daily while taking this drug. 41. A. Prolonged chemotherapy may slow the production of leukocytes in bone marrow, thus suppressing the activity of the immune system. Antibiotics may be required to help counter infections that the body can no longer handle easily. 42. A. Any hormone normally produced by the body must be withdrawn slowly to allow the appropriate organ to adjust and resume production. 43. B. Dehydration is most readily and accurately measured by serial assessment of body weight; 1 L of fluid weighs 2.2 pounds. 44. A. The concentration of potassium is greater inside the cell and is important in establishing a membrane potential, a critical factor in the cells ability to function. 45. B. The kidneys normally eliminate potassium from the body; hyperkalemia may necessitate dialysis. 46. C. Vital signs monitor cardiorespiratory status; hyperkalemia causes serious cardiac dysrhythmias. 47. A. Once treatment with insulin for diabetic ketoacidosis is begun, potassium ions reenter the cell, causing hypokalemia; therefore potassium, along with the replacement fluid, is generally supplied. 48. C. Potassium, the major intracellular cation, functions with sodium and calcium to regulate neuromuscular activity and contraction of muscle fibers, particularly the heart muscle. In hypokalemia these symptoms develop. 49. A. Because IV solutions enter the bodys internal environment, all solutions and medications utilizing this route must be sterile to prevent the introduction of microbes. 50. A. A low pH and bicarbonate level are consistent with metabolic acidosis.