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Шrainian Weekly

9 a


Vol. L THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, MARCH 1 4 , 1 9 8 2 25 cents
No. 11

Woman's letter describes Madrid Conference delegations agree to recess

one family's hardships andMADRID - Western, Soviet-bloc The imposition of martial law in Over the weekend of March 6-7, an
neutral delegations at the dead­ Poland on December 13 exacerbated informal group including the Soviet
under Soviet rule locked Madrid Conference to review the situation, particularly after Western Union, Austria and the United States
implementation of the 1975 Helsinki foreign ministers — including Secretary sought a way out of the impasse and
Accords on human rights and security of State Alexander Haig - came here finally succeeded on March 8, accord­
ELLICOTT CITY, Md. - A letter in Europe agreed on March 8 to recess last month to chastise the Polish mili­ ing to The Times. The West agreed to
that describes the adversity suffered by until the fall following a session on tary government and the Soviet Union one more week of talks in Madrid, while
one Ukrainian family from Volyn has March 12, reported The New York for its role in the crisis. the Soviets agreed to an Austrian pro­
made its way to the West via the Times. posal that the last session be March 12.
Russian samizdat, reported the Smolo- The Soviet Union responded at first
skyp Ukrainian Information Service. The decision to recess was agreed by resorting to procedural maneuvers to
upon when the United States and its block Western speakers, a strategy that Although the date of reconvening the
It was written, in 1980 and titled "The allies refused to accept a further work­ caused a furor on February 9 when the talks in the autumn has not been
Right Jo Have No Rights" by a woman ing agenda to underscore their conten­ chairman of that day's session, Poland `s decided, it seems likely that all sides will
named H. Sbyliuk. Following are tion that the military repression in Wlodzimierz Konarski, tried to stop agree on November 9. Some diplomats
excerpts that describe the hardships this Poland made meaningful negotiations debate by recessing the meeting before hope, The Times said, that during this
woman has experienced in her life: here, impossible at this time. all the scheduled speakers had address­ "cooling-off period" the international
"When I was born in 1950, my father climate will have improved enough to
had already finished what he called the Representatives of the 35 signers of ed the gathering.
the Helsinki agreement have been Later, the Soviets maintained that make further discussions here feasible.
'life institute' — the years he spent in Others suspect that the current dead­
prisons and labor camps. I had not even meeting here for 16 months to try to only the Warsaw Pact countries were
broaden the provisions on human interested in businesslike negotiations, lock will recur.
reached the happy moment of knowing
a father's love when he was once again freedoms, economic exchanges and the and accused the NATO allies of trying The Madrid review meeting has run
thrown behind these 'academic walls' peaceful resolution of international to sabotage the meeting. far longer and at times been far stormier
for two additional years," she writes. disputes. than its predecessor held in Belgrade in
Sines the conference began, pjogress After NATO nations refused to 1977. But its cumbersome consensus
MirShyKuk goes oh to describeher'
in these areas has been sluggish, due in participate in drafting sessions, it operating procedure has prevented it
mother's painstaking efforts to get the became evident that the conference
large part to such factors as the Soviet from breaking up, particularly as
Soviet government to release her hus­
invasion of Afghanistan and its confine­ would have to be adjourned. neither East nor West wants to be
band. At this time, Ms. Shyliuk's older
ment of dissidents and Western attacks On Friday, March 5, emphasizing blamed for such an event.
sister died of tuberculosis at age 15. Her
on these and other violations of the their impatience with the situation,
father was not granted permission to
original pact. NATO nations withheld agreement to "We seem to be creating the Helsinki
attend the funeral.
The conference was further hindered an agenda for this week's sessions. Since forum as a permanent institution," The
She writes: the Helsinki ground rules require con­ Times quoted one West European
by Soviet intransigence on accepting a
"When my father was leaving for compromise solution on a post-Madrid sensus among all 35 participants, that diplomat as saying. "I think we have to
prison he said good-bye to five of us; security conference put forth by the session lasted until 4 a.m. Saturday, decide whether or not this is a good
returning he was greeted by only four. neutral and non-aligned countries. then resumed on March 8. thing. Maybe it is a good thing."
The traumas we ail lived through
affected the health of the entire family. I
remember my father with a head of gray
hair, he was not yet 40.
"My mother also had grey hair from
KOR founder: Solidarity "underestimated" party
her worries, at the age of 40. My oldest BONN, West Germany - Adam activism, scorns the official justifica­ to arguments over unknportant
brother, who carried the weight of the Michnik, co-founder of the Polish tion for martial law - that Solidarity things; there were many false con­
family on his shoulders had a head of dissident group KOR, said that his sought political power. flicts in it," he writes. Solidarity
grey hair at some 20-odd years of age. main regret about Poland's IS "Solidarity had neither a shadow itself, he goes on, was "a colossus
These, are the memories of my child­ months of freedom seems to be that cabinet nor a program for a coup with feet of steel, but with hands of
hood. the Solidarity trade union was too d'etat," he says. clay."
"An individual lives for the dream, "naive" and underestimated the The real cause of the putsch, he Looking at the weaknesses of its
and faith of better things to come in the Polish Communist Party. argues, was the fact that the "exis­ adversary, however, Solidarity for­
future. This hope gives one faith and The veteran dissident and historian tence of an independent and self-run got that the "Communist system in
strength to get though the daily hard­ made his remarks in the first essay institution supported by the people Poland was a colossus with feet of
ships and obligations and grief. It smuggled to the West from his subur­ was unacceptable" to a ruling class clay, but with hands of steel." In Mr.
seemed to be that I was the only one ban Warsaw cell which appeared alienated from the people. Michnik `s view, Solidarity forgot
who lived like this, for I never ventured in the March 8 issue of the German Unlike many Western analysts, that despite all the weaknesses, an
out among people." magazine Der Spiegel. The essay was Mr. Michnik does not feel that the "apparatus of force, untroubled by
Ms. Shyliuk notes that her childhood the subject of a story by Elizabeth union simply went too far or too fast democratic corrosion, can be a useful
passed quickly, soon it was time to start Pond in the March 9 issue of The with its demands for greater social, instrument in the hands of a dictato­
earning her own way. She got a job - Christian Science Monitor. political and economic freedoms. He rial power, especially in the hands of
physical labor — a job that even a The aim of the December "putsch," describes Solidarity as a "self-limit­ a dictatorship that finds the floor
strong adult male would have trouble writes Mr. Michnik, was a "classic ing revolution." burning under its feet."
with. "To tell the truth, I immediately counterrevolution against the work­ Moreover, Mr. Michnik is said to Mr. Michnik draws faint optimism
saw the 'equal rights' of men and ers in the name of defending the have urged caution on Solidarity, a from the conviction that brute force
women, in words, deeds and muscles. conservative interests of the old position which ultimately led to a can never "wipe out the memory of
What cant a person get used tol Time is regime." split with the more radical Mr. 15 months of freedom from the
(Continued co pap 16) In 1976, Mr. Michnik, along with Kuron. memory of men." He also feels that
activist Jacek Kuron, formed KOR In the essay, Mr. Michnik acknow­ moral support from the West is
- the Committee for Social Self- ledges that a major impediment to important, but that economic sanc­
INSIDE: Defense - to defend workers jailed
during the anti-government up­
the Solidarity movement was that it
had to overcome a social tradition
tions against Poland should not have
been introduced.
Ш News and views - page 6. risings that summer. When Solida­ which for 37 years was "far removed Finally, Mr. Michnik wishes his
Ш "Towards a united Ukrainian rity was formed in the summer of from democratic institutions." In this comrades "much strength to be able
front In America" by Dr. Myron B. 1980, KOR activists acted as advi­ environment the spontaneous social to step through the darkness that lies
Kuropas - page 7. sors to the union's leadership. movement'of Solidarity had no clear between despair and hope. And also
Ш Panorama by Helen Perozak In his essay, Mr. Michnik, who has concept of how to proceed. much patience, to learn the difficult
Smindak - page 9. been jailed 32 times for human-rights "It let itself be easily provoked art of forgiveness."

Polish government actions aimed Authorities seek to improve study

at intimidating Catholic Church of Russian language in Ukraine
WARSAW - Polish authorities light. The New York Times reported
by Dr. Roman Solchanyk Other steps that have been taken to
recently sentenced one Catholic priest that suspects are-generally not identi­ bolster the study a sd teaching ,pf Rus­
for slandering the government and fied in Poland until sentence is passed.
The latest issue of Russkyi yazyk і sian include the improvement of curri­
charged another in connection with the The Polish press reported that a literature v shkolakh Ukr.SSR, a cula, publication of new textbooks and
lulling of a policeman in what appears revolver said to have been used in the specialized journal for teachers of the teaching aids, and the systematic re­
to Ье-ал attempt to intimidate the killing was found in the parish home of Russian language in Ukraine, carries training of teachers. Finally, it should
country's powerful Catholic Church, the priest. a short report on a recent session of the be noted that a new non-periodical
the most vocal critic of martial law. Two other men accused of actually Collegium of the Ukrainian SSR Minis­ journal, Russkoye yazykoznaniye, began
The Polish press agency PAP dis­ carrying out the killing were also try of Education that met to evaluate publication in Kiev in 1980.
closed last week that the Rev. B. apprehended, according to a spokesman the campaign to improve the study and
Jewulski was sentenced to three and a Citing all of these initiatives, the
for the Interior Ministry. The official teaching of Russian in the republic.
half years' imprisonment on a charge of recent report states that "in the main,
announcement said that "the two acted
"slandering Poland's system and autho­ According to the report, the collegium the measures are being carried out
in an organized gang of several people,"
rities." was specifically convened to examine successfully." Nonetheless, the overall
The Times reported.
progress in the implementation of the thrust of the report is quite negative,
The charge stems from a sermon indicating that the collegium is far from
resolution "On Measures for Further
delivered on December 20, one week The authorities have said that the satisfied with the progress that has been
Improving the Study and Teaching of
after martial law was imposed. It was policeman, Sgt. Zdislaw Karos, was made so far. The main problem is that
the Russian Language in the General
the first known instance in which a shot in cold blood by two men who the level of expertise in Russian, both
Education Schools and Pedagogical
priest has been sentenced to prison jumped on the streetcar and then among pupils and among students in
Education Institutions of the Republic"
under martial law. escaped in a red Polish Fiat. Unofficial the higher educational institutions, is
adopted by the Ukrainian SSR Minis­
In the other case, a priest identified versions assert that the policeman was try of Education on October 31, 1978.' not improving rapidly enough. "For a
only as "Sylwester Z." was arrested in intoxicated, became involved in a brawl segment of the graduates of the pedago­
connection with the shooting of a with passengers and was shot with his Since the adoption of that resolution,
problems associated with the teaching gical institutions," says the report, "the
policeman on a streecar in broad day­ own gun during a tussle. level of mastery of Russian discourse is
of Russian in the republic's schools have
been discussed at conferences convened poor."
by a majority of Ukraine's 25 oblasts,
Lidia Vashchenko thanks Reagan and in 1980 a republican-level scientific-
In order to improve the situation in
the schools, the Ministry of Education
practical conference was organized to has developed a set of "Common Re­
for letter supporting family discuss "Ways of Improving the Prepa­
ration of Teachers of the Russian
quirements for the Oral and Written
Language of Pupils, for Carrying Out,
about that very much. Language in the Higher Educational Written Assignments and the Examina­
ORANGE, Calif. - Lidia Vash­ Institutions of the Ukrainian SSR."
chenko, the 31-year-old Pentecostal I am leaving for Siberia, to our tion of Exercise Books" that has been
who two months ago was removed from children (her younger brothers and Beginning in 1980, the teaching of made obligatory in the schools.
the U.S. Embassy in Moscow and sisters — Ed.j and 1 want to continue my Russian was introduced in preparatory In addition, beginning in the current
placed in a Soviet hospital after her appeal to emigrate from there. But I am classes and in the first grades of schools school year an experimental analysis of
health had deteriorated because of a not sure what actions I can make there with Ukrainian as the language of new curricula for the Ukrainian and
hunger strike, wrote a letter on except the hunger strike which I plan to instruction; the number of hours de­ Russian languages developed by the
February 11 to President Ronald Rea­ do if the question of emigration of my voted to Russian-language study has Department of the Methodology of
gan in her hospital room thanking him family is delayed. been increased in all general education Language of the Scientific Research
for his letter supporting her family and I accepted this action to go back to schools; and by the end of the current Institute of Pedagogy of the Ukrainian
their plight, reported Keston News. Chernogorsk because our children need five-year plan the number of schools SSR has been introduced in a number
moral support. I ask you please do not offering intensive study of Russian of schools in the city of Kiev. The
In the short letter, Ms. Vashchenko language and literature is scheduled to purpose of this experiment is to develop
hinted that she may go on another forget about us when you speak with the
Soviet government. increase almost threefold. still further the already existing curri­
hunger strike if Soviet authorities cula:
continue to stonewall her efforts to gain Please accept the words of gratitude In the area of preschool eduction, the
emigration rights for herself and mem­ to you, your government and to the Ministry of Education has defined "The scientific associates proceed
bers of her family. people of your country from me. curriculum requirements for the teaching from the fact that at the present time
of Russian in preschool institutions, still a significant part of school gra­
In July 1978 five members of the and the requisite changes have been
Vashchenko family along with Maria duates has not mastered the language as
Chmykhalov and her son Timothy Kentucky Senate made in the "Program and Methologi-
cal Directives for the Upbringing of
a means of discourse and is not attain­
ing the requisite level of language
rushed passed Soviet guards and sought Children in Preschool Institutions." culture. An analysis ,of the pupils'
sanctuary in the U.S. Embassy. Until
recently, they had lived in a small
scores Rumania The practice of dividing pupils into knowledge shows that one of the rea­
basement room while the United States subgroups for more effective Russian- sons for this situation is to be found in
FRANKFORT, Ky. - The Ken­ language instruction had been insti­ the structure of today's school courses
and the Soviets could not agree on how tucky State Senate unanimously voted
to resolve their dilemma. They have since tuted in the rural schools of Ukraine in the Ukrainian and Russian lan­
on February 17 to recommend to the already in 1974. Now it is being gra­ guages, which does not allow for exer­
been given another room. U.S. Congress and President Ronald dually introduced in the first three cises and practical work that is neces-
In December Ms. Vashchenko and Reagan that Rumania Is "most favored grades of all non-Russian schools and in
her mother Augustina went on a nation" trade status not be renewed (Comfaoed on page 3)
grades four through eight of urban
hunger strike to draw attention to their when it comes up for annual review this schools where the language of instruc­
plight and their desire to emigrate. On year, reported East/West News. I. "S pozitsiyi sovremennykh trebovaniy,"
tion is Moldavian, Hungarian or Polish. Russkyi yazyk і literature-v shkolakh Ukr.
January 30, Ms. Vashchenko was taken The legislature also recommended It is envisioned that by 1986 the divi­
from the embassy to Botkin hospital SSR, No. 1, 1982, pp. 8-11. See.RL 269/80,
that the U.S. Helsinki Commission do sion of pupils into more compact "New Data on the Intensification of Rus­
after her weight had dipped below 100 all it can to block the selection of learning groups will be completed in all
pounds. sian-Language Teaching in Ukraine,"
Bucharest, Rumania's capital, as the grades. July 29, 1980. і
She was released from the hospital on host city for the next Helsinki Accords
February 11 and has since joined review meeting, the international forum
relatives in her hometown of Спег– which oversees implementation of the
nogorsk, Siberia. Soviet officials are 197S human-rights and European secu­
expected to rule later this month on rity agreement.
emigration applications by Ms. Vash­
chenko. The other Pentecostals remain
in the embassy, with Soviet authorities
Introduced by State Sen. Gene Huff
(R), Kentucky Senate Resolution 31
cites the present widespread religious
Ukrainian Weelcl Y
insisting that they must first return to rights violations in Rumania, stating FOUNDED 1933
Siberia before emigration procedures that human-rights transgressions must
can begin. be considered in U.S. relations with that Ukrainian weekly newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc a
The full text of Ms. Vashchenko's country. fraternal nonprofit associabon, at 30 Montgomery St, Jersey City NJ 07302
letter, which was translated from the Religious rights abuses mentioned in (The Ukrainian Weekly - USPS 570-870)
Russian by her sister Liuba on Feb­ the resolution include the recent slander
ruary 12, to President Reagan appears campaign conducted in Rumania a- The Weekly and Svoboda:
below. gainst leading Baptist pastors, the arrest UNA:
(201) 434-0237, 434-0807 (201) 451-2200
Dear President: and imprisonment of Bible distributors, (212) 227-4125
I would like to thank you for your and the widely reported use of torture (212) 227-5250
letter addressed to my mother and me. — violent beatings and electric shock Yearly subscription rate: 58, UNA members - 55.
I was a little doubtful about the text treatments - during interrogation
sessions. Postmaster, send address changes to
of your letter but after I heard it through THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY Editor: Roma Sochan Hadzewycz
Voice of America I was glad that it had A similar measure has also been P0 Box 346 Assistant tditor: George Bohdan Zarycky
been publicized. I hope, as well, that introduced in the Kentucky House of Jersey City, N J 07303
you will try to help my family in the. Representatives by State Rep. Billy Ray
question of emigration, and I ask you Smith (D).

Baptist radio program continues Orthodox Church Council meets,

weeWy broadcasts to Ukraine discusses tasks, needs, expansion
ELMHURST, Ш. - The Ukrainian the word of God to our brothers and SOUTH BOUND BROOK, NJ. - used for the upkeep of the museum,
Voice of the Gospel has begun its fourth sisters in Ukraine and all over the The Church Council of the Metropoli` archives and library, and for further
weekly radio broadcast into Ukraine world," said the Rev. O.R. Harbuziuk, tanate of the Ukrainian Orthodox expansion of these facilities.
and the Soviet Union. radio pastor: - . „,. „ . Church in the United .States held its The Church Council also voted to
"We сапЧ send missionaries to U- regular session here at the Ukrainian join the Consistory in marking the 40th
The inaugural program was aired Orthodox Center on February 17 and
kraine, but the radio can be our missio­ anniversary of the ordination and
February 14 at 7:30 a.m. Kiev time and 18.
nary. Millions of people still don4 have subsequent elevation to bishop`of
will be beamed each Sunday on the 49
Bibles, but they can get the word of All the members of the council and Metropolitan Mstyslav, which will be
meter band, 6155 kilohertz, from
God over the air," Pastor Harbuziuk the Ukrainian Orthodox Consistory, celebrated on May 15 and 16 of this
WKNO international shortwave radio
pointed out. the heads of the central Church organi­ year at the Ukrainian Orthodox Cen­
station in New Orleans:
"Under atheistic communism, Chris­ zations and delegatesfrom working ter.
The same programs may also be tians are being persecuted for their committees at the Consistory took part The preparations for the millennium
heard in the United States on Satur­ religious beliefs. We must do all we can in the session. celebration and the appointment of
days' at 11:30 p.m. Eastern Standard to encourage them, to strengthen their The session was directed by Metro­ delegates to the All-Orthodox Ukrai­
Time; 10:30 p.m. Central Standard faith and to bring them the message of politan Mstyslav, who in his opening nian Jubilee Committee of the three
Time. hope from the Bible," he said. remarks talked extensively about the Metropolitanates, which has its base in
"We thank the Lord for this new general state of the Church in the Winnipeg, were also discussed at the
opportunity that has opened up to send Each 30-minute program contains United States and in the diaspora, conference.
inspirational music and a message from focusing on the most important assign­ Noticing the unhealthy situation that
the Bible by various preachers. ments and needs of the Church today as now exists within the Ukrainian com­
well as on the course of work in the near
Parochial school pupils The first program of the Ukrainian
Voice of the Gospel was beamed into
munity in America, the Church Council
decided to remind Ukrainian
The Church Council listened to Orthodox faithful of the great role that
receive INS reply Ukraine starting in June 1966 from
Trans World Radio in Monte Carlo. A reports of the Consistory and with
satisfaction marked the special achieve­
God has placed in the hands of the
Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the free
second weekly program was added in
re Walter Polovchak 1967. A weekly program for children
was started in 1976.
ment of this body under the direction of
the Rt. Rev. Protopresbyter Stephen
world. t
In fulfilling its mission, the Ukrainian
Bilak following the 10th Sobor of the Orthodox Church is constantly an
PASSA1C, NJ. - Students of St. The programs can be heard at 6 p.m. Ukrainian Orthodox Church.
and 9:30 p.m. on Saturdays, Kiev time, object of enemy endeavors to erode its
Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic School spiritual strength and material sol­
and at 9 p.m. on Sundays, Kiev time, on Taking into consideration the further
her, who last month wrote President vency, and to defame and undermine
shortwave bands. needs to expand and strengthen the
Ronald Reagan urging him to allow the authority of the metropolitan and
Ukrainian Orthodox Church, its
Walter Polovchak to remain in the the hierarchs of the Ukrainian Ortho­
The radio ministry is supported by і parishes, and spiritual and material
United States, got a reply from the dox Church, the Church Council noted.
Ukrainian Baptist Churches through­ gains, as well as the need to continue
U.S. Justice Department Immigration
out the free world under the auspices of expansion of the Ukrainian Orthodox The Church Council entrusted the
and Naturalization Service.
the All-Ukrainian Evangelical Baptist Center in South Bound Brook,the Consistory with the task of excluding
The terse message was dated Feb­ Fellowship. Church Council of the Metropolia from membership in the Church parish­
ruary 22 and signed by Irvin Klavan, adopted a series of far-reaching deci­
It is estimated that millions have been es those individuals who through their
assistant commissioner of information sions and approved the proposed plans
tuning in each week to the programs works and actions harm the Ukrainian
services^ It reads as follows. and the projected budget for the fqllow-
beamed from Monte.Carlo. Millions Orthodox Church. Such persons who
t^rS`(ud?ptsy ` ; „,'.`.V ;`. . J::';";. : more are expected to listen to the new ing year. v „ are already members of the Ukrainian
Vqur' letters to President Reagan program, which Pastor Harbuziuk Special attention was given to the Orthodox Church would be deprived
dated January 19; 1982, concerning noted, is being broadcast at a strategic decision of the Church Council, made at of their membership, the council said.
Walter Polovchak havebeen referred to time, Sunday morning, when believers the suggestion of Metropolitans Msty­ During the conference, the resolu­
the Immigration and Naturalization are getting ready to attend worship slav, to build a home for senior citizens tions committee, considered proposals
Service (INS) for reply. services. on the grounds of the Orthodox Center dealing with all phases of the Church's
An application to request asylum in The fellowship has asked its pastors and to create a special S3 million activity. The list of resolutions approv­
the United, States was filed with the to encourage their congregations to foundation for the celebration of the ed by the council will be sent to all
district director of this service at Chica­ write to friends and relatives, informing millennium of Christianity in Ukraine. faithful and will be published in The
go, 111., by Walter Polovchak. There is them about the new program. Profits from this foundation will be Ukrainian Orthodox Word.
no law that says a person must be a
certain age. to file for asylum. Upon
recommendation from the Department
of State, the application was granted by Plast committee discusses International Jamboree
the district director on July 19, 1980. by Roman Juzeniw number of Plast members and parents between 800 and 1,000 members of
As you are aware, litigation concern­ to attend. Plast's "yunatstvo" (youths age 11-18)
ing the custody of the child is pending in NEW YORK - Members of the Registration will begin in mid-March will attend. Vsevolod Hnatczuk, jam­
the courts. International Plast Jamboree organiz­ and conclude'on May 15. All registra­ boree commander, averred that, "First
ing committee selected the official tion will be through the local Plast and foremost, this jamboree will be
jamboree badge, approved the budget branches. geared for `yunatstvo,'giving them
Authorities seek... and discussed the camp programs in an Committee members also selected the plenty of opportunity to practice their
. - - (СоїШвм і fnm page 2) eight-hour meeting held here on Sun­ official International Plast Jamboree scouting skills and to meet and become
day, March 7. badge from among 15 submissions. friends with their fellow `plastuny'from
sary for the development of language Attending the meeting, chaired by the Selected was the badge designed by around the world."
skills and spelling habits." committee head, Andrij Lastowecky, Olha Stasiuk.
The experimental curricula foresee were 20 committee members, the presi­ Also discussed at the meeting were The organizing committee also ap­
the completion; of the learning of dent of the U.S. National Plast Com­ the programs of the several camps proved Theodozij Krupa as comman­
grammar and orthography in the se­ mand, and three representatives of during the jamboree. It is expected that dant of the seniors' camp.
venth grade, thereby permitting pupils Canada's National Plast Command:
in the eighth grade to concentrate on Tania Onyschuk (first vice president),
reviewing and strengthening their ac­ Oleh Hordienko (second vice president)
quired skills. and Orest Haras, who is a member of
As can be seen from;the above, the the jamboree program sub-committee.
main problem facing Soviet language
planners in Ukraine is largely of a Much of the discussion centered on
technical sort — i.e., maximizing the the budget. Due to the large costs in
already significant gains attained by the mounting this jamboree (rental of buses
Russian language over the years, parti­ to transport Plast youths to and from
cularly in the republic's urban areas. their hiking trails, some of which are in
This is important not only with a view the Adirondacks, which are 150-175
towards the Ukrainians themselves but miles north of "Vovcha Tropa," site of
also because the Ukrainian higher the jamboree; buying foodstuffs; costs
educational institutions, together with related to sports, orienteering,firstaid,
those of Byelorussia, are expected to aid pioneering, etc.) and projected costs on
their RSFSR counterparts in training the local. Plast branch levels, especially
significant numbers of Russian-lan­ the transportation of the participants,
guage teachers from the Central Asian some from as faraway as Winnipeg, Los
and other non-Slav republics. Towards Angeles and Detroit to East Chatham, Petro Sodol (standing), the commander of "yunaky" at the International Phut
that end, the campaign to improve the N.Y., committee members pared down Jamboree to be held in August, addresses a recent meeting held to discuss the
study and teaching of the Russian expenditures where they could, thereby weeklong event that win mark the 70th
70tb anniversary of the (banding
(bonding of the Ukrai-`
language continues unabated'. giving the opportunity for the greatest о nlan youth organization.

East European coalition endorses L U C dbnations aid seminary

Maguire for Senate nomination
ment commended Mr. Maguire's "prin-
cipled position on human rights...spe-
cial interest in Poland, and belief that
we must develop more effective policy
options to support movements such as
The caucus further stated that Mr.
Maguire is "someone with a special
interest in economic development and
redevelopment, increasing producti-
vity, and competing more successfully
in the international arena."
In his statement to the press, Mr.
Maguire criticized the Reagan adminis-
tration policy as "an escalation of
strident rhetoric, scatter-gunned
around the world." He further ad-
monished the administration for lifting
the Soviet grain embargo and for de-
emphasis of international human rights.
Andy Maguire On foreign policy and domestic
issues, Mr. Maguire called forreinstate- Msgr. Walter Paska presents seminary bills to LUC national board members Paul
TRENTON, N.J. - The Eastern ment of the Soviet grain embargo, and Hanchar and the Rev. John P. Stevensky.
European Democratic Leadership Cau- suggested a means of leveraging the
cus endorsed Andy Maguire, former Polish debt to Western lenders without WASHINGTON - The League of gious institutions and orders.
Democratic congressman from Bergen causing chaos in financial markets. Ukrainian Catholics (LUC), which last Receiving the bills from Msgr. Paska
County, N.J., for the Democratic Mr. Maguire also called for discus- year donated 57,000 towards helping were two members of the LUC's na-
nomination for United States senator. sion with our European allies of the Ukrainian seminarians, recently re- tional board, Paul Hanchar, who is a
The endorsement was announced at a natural gas pipeline issue, release of cieved bills totalling 55,000 from Msgr. member of St. Michael's Church in
press conference held in the New Jersey Lech Walesa and other Solidarity Walter Paska, rector of St. Josaphat's Frackville, Pa., and the Rev. John P.
State House on Tuesday, March 2. leaders, and assistance to Polish re- Ukrainian Catholic Seminary here. The Stevensky, pastor of St. Nicholas
Appearing at the press conference fugees. LUC will pay the bills as part of its aid Ukrainian Catholic Church in Miners-
with Mr. Maguire were: Dr. Bohdan Addressing domestic issues, Mr. to the seminary. ville, Pa., and the LUC's national
Wytwyclcy, caucus chairman; Dr. Au- Maguire offered a six-point job-pro- The LUC, which has councils and spiritual director.
gust Molnar, Henry Walentowicz ducing program for the economy em- chapters in six states, serves the Ukrai- The current president of the LUC is
and John Gotsch, vice-chairpersons of phasizing productivity, research and nian Catholic Church in several ways. Dr. Robert Hrubec of Saddle River,
the caucus, which is an organization of development, exports and a stable Besides donating money to the semi- N.J. He is a member of St. Nicholas
Polish, Ukrainian and Hungarian Ame- monetary policy. He called for combat- naries, the LUC annually distributes Ukrainian Catholic Church in Passaic
ricans and other Americans of East ing crime by speeding the prosecution burse funds to all diocesan and reli- N.J.
European descent. and imprisonment of violent, pro-
The caucus's statement of endorse- fessional and repeat offenders.
UAVets begin membership campaign
Toronto parish builds seniors' residence NEW BRITAIN, Conn. - At the last Bohdan Bezkorowajny (Post No. 7,
national board meeting of the Ukrai- New York City).
nian American Veterans (UAV) held in In addition, UAV posts conduct
Spring Valley, N.Y., National Com- memorial services at gravesites every
mander Michael Chaika appointed a -- year. A site designated for Congressional
special membership task force to enlist Medal of Honor winner Pvt. Nicholas
new members into the UAV beginning Minue (died in action during World
with the new year. War II) at Freedoms Foundation Medal
Senior Vice Commander John Lupa of Honor Grove in Valley Forge, Pa., is
(Post No. 21, Bridgeport, Conn.) heads being commemorated yearly by the
the group, with Past National Com- UAV.
mander Eugene Sagasz (Post No. 17, At the past UAV national convention
Passaic, N.J.) and Junior Vice Com- held in New Jersey, President Ronald
mander Edward Zetick (Post No. 4, Reagan commended the UAV in a
Philadelphia) filling out the rest of the telegram to Commander Chaika.
committee. The matter of UAV members-at-
Unaffiliated veterans are encouraged large is being given special attention,
to form a new post, join an existing post since many veterans of Ukrainian
in their territority, or apply as descent live in areas where no posts
members-a t-large. exist. A 53 fee will entitle these members
Last year the UAV placed a memorial to attend UAV national conventions
plaque aboard the USS Arizon, berthed and receive its publication.
in Hawaii, in formal ceremonies Inquiries should be sent to: Senior
with the U.S. Navy and a delegation Vice Commander John Lupa, 183
headed by Past National Commander Broadway, Trumbull, Conn. 06611.
Planning for the future in the foyer of the Demetrius Residence. Left to right:
Deacon Michael Barida, Ted Woloshyn, administrator, Vera Yurchuk, artist, the
Rt. Rev. John Tntaryn, pastor of S t Demetrius.
TORONTO - The Senior Citizens
Residence of St. Demetrius Parish is in
the arrival of the early Ukrainian
settlers, their struggles and achieve-
UIA, UNA join forces
the finishing stages of construction. ments. Vera Yurchuk is responsible for NEW YORK - The Ukrainian who have taken part in preliminary
Model suites are opened and a steady the design and execution of this com- Institute of America has become a meetings in which the following
stream of prospective residents are missioned mural and is also preparing a co-sponsor of the UNA Fraternal objectives were outlined: I) to offer
visiting the administrator's office in suitable icon of the Mother of God for Activities Office's latest endeavor: a courses and workshops to persons
order to select specific apartments. the foyer. contemporary performing arts group interested in exploring contempo-
Ted Woloshyn, newly-appointed Sister Ruth SMI has prepared the currently in its organizational stages. rary performing arts, derived from
administrator, and his secretary, Maria plans for both the cornerstone and the Ukrainian themes; 2) to organize a
Ciupka, are helping interested appli- dedication plaque. The official opening The group's raison d'etre is to troupe which would stage produc-
cants fill out the necessary application of the residence is scheduled for May 2, develop and explore contemporary tions reflecting the bicultural expe-
forms. and Canada's Governor General Ed- performing art which would link the rience of Ukrainian Americans.
The suites are spacious, and the ward Schreyer has been invited to the traditional Ukrainian folk culture to Persons who are interested in
designated common areas consist of a ceremonies. the bicultural experience of Ukrai- participating in any capacity should
recreational lounge, craft room, library, Yaroslava Surmach-Mills, the well- nians in America. immediately call Marta Korduba at
museum, tuck-shop and a roof garden. known Ukrainian artist from New The group has attracted profes- the UNA Fraternal Activities Office
The foyer area is graced by a magni- York, is designing the logo for the new sional young artists and enthusiasts at (201) 451-2200 or (212) 227-5250.
ficent mural (18 feet by 9 feet) depicting building.

U.S. at Madrid: Soviets seek supremacy in chemical warfare

Following is the text of a statement mizing the threat of war and violence produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire on biological weapons since the 1930s.
delivered by Ambassador Max Кат– for us and our children. This is why so and retain" these biological weapons. Judging by its published scientific
pelman, chairman of the United States many of us here have expressed our Most of the world greeted that step articles, the emphasis of their work has
delegation to the Madrid Conference deep concerns about the tragic develop­ with enthusiasm. This was not an arms been on how to produce the poison in
which is reviewing compliance with the ments in Poland. limitation; it was a disarmament agree­ massive quantities, rather than on how
1975 Helsinki Accords. The statement Reason and conscience demand that ment. We knew that the treaty did not to create antidotes, or on how to
was made on February 16 at an infor­ we continue to work for agreements and provide for ways to insure verifiability, prevent bacteriological attacks. Further­
mal meeting of delegation heads. treaties among ourselves to increase the but we were convinced that the treaty more, we have sound reason to believe
degree of sanity governing relations would be observed because the alterna­ that during 1963-67 the Soviet Union
I rise to reply to a rather surprising among states. Principle X of the Helsinki tive was too awful to be contemplated tested its poison gases and bacteriologi­
statement by the delegate from the Final Act is based on the premise that if by the rational mind. This proved to be cal toxins in combat during Egypt's war
Soviet Union at our plenary session last there is to be any confidence in our a naive error. with Yemen.
week. The procedural chaos on Tues­ capacity to begin weaving the fabric of It is with regret, Mr. Chairman, that I In April 1979, an explosion occurred
day made the exercise of this right of understanding among us so essential to bring to the attention of this meeting at Soviet Military Compound No. 19 in
our survival, those international treaties that the Geneva Convention of 1925 Sverdlovsk in the Ural Mountains. That
reply inappropriate; our long list of
must be looked upon as sacred ones, to and the 1972 Biqlogical Weapons Con­ explosion released a cloud of anthrax
speakers on Friday made it undesirable. be scrupulously observed. When they
I will address myself now to a narrow vention have both been seriously and spores into the atmosphere. The com­
are not observed, we must, as we did all deliberately violated by the Soviet pound was then and is today the site of a
portion of the delegate's strange criti­ of last week on Poland, and as we will
cism of my country. Since this is an Union. The consequences are most Soviet biological weapons research and
continue to do, express our outrage and serious. The realization that even in this production facility. It is reported that
informal meeting of the heads of delega­ disappointment. area the Soviet Union operates without more than 1,000 people died in that
tion, I will do so with some specificity,
As early as 1925, with the expansion restraint affects our confidence in any explosion. The amount of spores re­
comfortable in the knowledge that it agreement signed by the Soviet Union.
will not serve to divert our attention of new frontiers of knowledge, states­ leased into the air was much too large to
men with vision understood the need to The need for absolute and unmistakable be a research sample. It indicated that
from the violence that has been perpe­ verification of any agreement to be
trated against the people of Poland in deal with the awful realization that man the Soviets were mass-producing the
then had the capacity to unleash poi­ entered into is now for us unconditional. bacillus. We are aware of five other such
violation of the Helsinki Final Act.
sons in the air. In that year, the Geneva But the violation of Principle X of the facilities in operation today.
The Soviet delegate.criticized my Protocol was signed banning the use of Helsinki Final Act represented by these Refugee victims from the areas of
government for engaging in chemical chemical and bacteriological gases. transgressions, serious as it is, is not our biological poisoning tell tales of either
warfare preparation. The reason 1 Science continued to evolve and only deep concern arising from this "yellow rain" or "blue rain" or "black
described this reference as "surprising" prove the maxim that the devil too disregard for international law and rain." The amounts of poison found on
and "strange" is that I would have evolves. The more powerful nations, human decency. There is an intense the scene and recovered demonstrate
thought this to be a subject that the including our own, found themselves in moral and practical concern as well. that they were manufactured and not
Soviet Union would want to keep away a race to adapt new learning to wartime It is unmistakable that innocent produced by nature. The only known
from, since they have made every effort use. The growing sophistication of people in Laos, Kampuchea and Af­ factories in the world that manufacture
to hide from the world their own bacteriology and chemistry now pro­ ghanistan have been victims of a deadly these poisons are in the Soviet Union.
priority attention to this form of bruta­ vided additional instruments of horrible poison rained down upon them by Their use, in defiance and violation of
lity. destruction. airplanes carrying, among other lethal international agreements, merits the
The United States, in an effort to agents, potent mycotoxins of the tri- condemnation of civilization.
All of mankind lives with the horrible inject sanity into the process, unilate­ chothecene group. Death, often with Now let me move to the related
reality that the unraveling mysteries of rally renounced its use of those weapons victims choking on their own blood, question of chemical warfare,raisedby
science and technology have so intensi­ in 1969. A sensible solution then emerg­ occurs within an hour after exposure. the Soviet delegate.
fied man's capacity to be brutal to man ed: let us agree mutually to renounce the This biological warfare agent has either The record will show that in 1969 the
that he runs the risk of destroying use of biological or toxic weapons. An been used by Soviet planes and Soviet United States ceased the production of
himself and his planet. This conference international convention toward that pilots, or supplied by the Soviet Union all chemical weapons and has today
in Madrid is another in a long series of end was signed in 1972 by 111 countries. to the pilots and planes of others. only one chemical weapon production
searching steps to seek means of mini- The pledge taken was not to "develop. Soviet scientists have been working (Continued on page I)

Music review In addition, little was served by an inspired, most beautiful flowers to form
atmosphere pointedly austere and a bouquet at the patriarch's feet.
subdued. Rather, the occasion demand­ For example, the Metropolitan
Concert dedicated to patriarch ed the heights of joyfulness. For, after Opera Company's bass-baritone An-
all, was this not the amazing 90th driy Dobriansky might have shone
provides some inspiring moments birthday celebration of a still-very-
active leader of an entire people, not
with selections from that great operatic
repertoire that has earned him inter­
only a Church, one who to date reigns national fame, as well as admiration
by Dr. Andrij V. Szul earlier akademias), to this distinguished with decisiveness and impact? among Ukrainians. Fortunately, Mr.
Center City cultural mecca — the Short of including some pants-split­ Dobriansky's rendition of Barvinsky's
Last m o n t h , t h e U k r a i n i a n Ukrainian American bishops who spon­ ting Hopak finale, the concert should "Psalm 94" showed him off in a new and
American community joined sored the event, in cooperation with have been turned into a celebration of exciting role - as a brilliant lieder
in the worldwide celebrations mark­ many other representative organiza­ life, rather than a mannerized church­ singer in the immortal Fischer-Dieskau
ing the 90th birthday of Cardinal Josyf tions, treated with deserved dignity like service. If the event had been tradition. Even fora terrific Scarpia of a
Slipyj, patriarch of the Ukrainian both their own ancient cultural heri­ appropriately effervescent - not som­ decade ago, that is substantial growth
Catholic Church. The keystone festivity tage as well as thejubilarian on his 90th berly reflective and formalized - the and diversity.
in Philadelphia, seat of the Ukrainian birthday. several excellent featured artists could Though the Barvinsky piece calls for
Catholic Metropolitan See, was a grand The introductory remarks, spoken have freely brought their truly best- consummate keyboard partnership
"akademia." with the familiar mixture of patriotic with the singer, moving far beyond mere
This peculiar form of cultural mara­ fervor and scholarship by Archbishop- accompaniment, concert pianist Dr.
thon is recognizable among the initiated Metropolitan Stephen Sulyk, set the Juliana Osinchuk succeeded in con­
by its duration — several uninterrupted tone for the remainder of the program. quering this demand marvelously.
hours - that brims over with long His address was preceded by a choral One of Miss Osinchuk's solo selec­
speeches of assorted emotional persua­ performance, conducted by Osyp Lu- tions was the ever-popular (of the set of
sions, dramatic recitation, and choral, pan, of "Prayer for the Patriarch," Ivan three) Lisztian "Ukrainian"etudes.
operatic and piano music. Such unna­ Nedilsky`s piece written a decade ago in Her controlled rendition of the techni­
tural demand on the audience is an era when such invocations were but a cally devastating and treacherous
traditionally colored by a public-ad­ wisp of a dream. As presented now, "Transcendental Etude — Mazepa"
dress system that occasionally allows however, this akademia suggested that put Philadelphia's Academy of Music
for a vague recognition of that which is some prayers, like miracles, might on fire thanks to sheer power and digital
being shouted into the din of screeching sometime come true. precision. Without a doubt, she is the
audio feedback, boom, pop or even Such best intentions notwithstand­ most outstanding young Ukrainian
abject audio failure. ing, the concert proved once more that American concert pianist to have arrived
Thankfully, on February 28, the P.A. art must not be legislated by committee. in many years.
system at Philadelphia's majestic Aca­ Apparently, the mammoth community Yet another highlight of the after­
demy of Music grand concert hall did committee (35 persons) and the execu­ noon was a selected reading from
not fail. And this should not have tive committee (15 persons), outlined a Franko's epic poem, "Moses," by the
escaped notice by the crowd that oc­ grave mission: each performer was to grande dame of contemporary Ukrai­
cupied some 60 percent of the cavernous present selections only of religious nian theater in the United States, Lidia
facility which seats 3,000. character and Ukrainian pedigree. Krushelnytsky, successor in the school
Also, by the very act of voluntary self- Needless to say, considering the capabi­ of the beloved master-teachers Olympia
eviction from the somewhat seedy lities, interests and backgrounds of the Dobrovolska and Yosyf Hirniak. Her
quefters of a public jyrnor-.high school artists, it surprised no one that these deep and rich resonations seemed to fill
in the upper Inner City (site,,of many aspirations were hardly sustained. Jullana ШпспиЬ (Continued on page 13)

News and \iiews

Ukrainian Weekly Why did the famine happen?
Gas pains by Dr. Junes E. Mace Ukraine primarily as a source of grain.
One telegram from Lenin to Ordzhoni-
For many weeks the Reagan administration has been hog-tied in its The great Ukrainian famine of 1933 is kidze at the end of 1917 makes the point
efforts to cull a receptible policy vis-a vis the Urengoi natural gas best understood as an integral part of quite clearly: Lenin ordered his "extra-
pipeline from western Siberia to Western Europe, the largest single Stalin's solution to the Ukrainian ordinary commissar" in Ukraine to send
East-West project to date. The reasons may appear simple, yet they are "problem," and its roots go back to 1917. "bread, bread, bread," several train-
barbed with complexities. In reviewing his options for delaying the Any attempt to explain it outside the loads every day, and accounts of the
pipeline, President Ronald Reagan must address the larger question of context of the Ukrainian experience first Bolshevik occupation of Ukraine
reviewing the entire structure of Western economic relations with the from 1917 to 1933 or to view it merely as liken Lenin's followers to a hoard of
Soviet bloc. Moreover, he must take into account the touchy issue of a particularly harsh application of locusts that seized everything it
burgeoning West European pique at what is perceived as American general policy toward the Soviet pea- could for immediate shipment to Russia.
meddling in its economic affairs. How did Mr. Reagan get into this santry is doomed to failure. Third, the Bolsheviks did everything
pickle? This is so because Stalin himself in their power to prevent the parcelling
identified the problem of nationality of the landlords' estates to peasant
The declaration of martial law in Poland provided the impetus for with that of the peasantry, because of farmers and even tried to force pea-
reviewing the pipeline deal. On December 29 the president announced the nature of the Soviet Ukrainian sants into communes, at least until the
economic sanctions against the Soviets for their "heavy and direct regime up to. 1933, and because the spring of 1919 when the order went out
responsibility for the repression in Poland." As a result, the sale of policies pursued toward the Ukrainian to stop this practice.
General Electric turbine parts and Caterpillar pipelayers already peasantry during thefirstfive-yearplan The Ukrainian countryside respond-
earmarked was banned immediately. Now some advisors want Mr. went hand in hand with a number of ed by taking up arms, and even the
Reagan to take further steps, such as trying to prevent American other policies designed to destroy the defeat of the Ukrainian National Re-
licensees in Europe from delivering turbines and other key Ukrainian nation as a political, social public failed to halt widespread guerilla
components needed for the 3,500-mile pipeline. and cultural organism. warfare. Soviet sources refer to this as
The hard-liners, led by Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger and Bolshevik policies in Ukraine during "kulak banditry," and the official Soviet
Prof. Richard Pipes of the National Security Council, argue rather the period of "war communism" were in Ukrainian newspapers continued to
many ways a dress rehearsal for those of report outbreaks of it well into 1924.
convincingly that the Soviet economy, sputtering ever downward for the fi-e-year plan.
the past several years, is currently under increased pressure due to (Continued on page 11)
When the Bolsheviks first occupied
Poland's economic collapse and the sluggishness of other East Ukraine, they treated any manifestation
European economies. of Ukrainian national aspirations with Dr. James E. Mace is the junior
In 1980, a full two-thirds of the Soviet Union's total hard-currency unmittigated hostility, as one Bolshevik collaborator of Dr. Robert Conquest,
earnings - some S17 billion — came from natural gas and oil exports. spokesman at the time put it, "a smoke- who is preparing a publication on the
Hence, if the Europeans could be dissuaded from continuing the screen for the counterrevolution." mand-made famine of 1933 in U-
pipeline, the resulting loss of hard revenue could cripple the Soviet When Muravyov occupied Kiev, any- kraine. In his role as collaborator Dr.
economy to the point where the Kremlin would be forced to divert one heard speaking Ukrainian in the Mace is conducting research
resources away from defense. This would considerably reduce military street was arrested and shot as a sus- under the auspices of the Harvard
pected counterrevolutionary. Rakov- Ukrainian Research Institute. The
pressures on NATO. sky, while head of the Soviet Ukrainian famine monograph to be authored by
Further evidence that the Soviets are economically strapped is the government, called Ukrainian a kulak Prof. Conquest is a joint project of the
recent disclosure that they sold more of their gold reserves last January language. HURI and the Ukrainian National
than in any other recorded month. Secondly, the Bolsheviks initially saw Association.
Clearly, the anti-pipeline scenario does not take into view the strain
on West European economies that the rupture of Western economic
relations with Eastern Europe would have, relations which have grown Reflections on overcoming adversity
increasingly and alarmingly intertwined. Equally as clear is that the
Europeans have gotten themselves in this fix by putting purely by Dr. Myron B. Kuropas quered the adversity that was foisted
economic considerations before such dimensions as security and upon them.
sound relations with the United States. West Germany alone, for One of the problems I have always For other Americans, overcoming
example, will increase its gas imports to meet nearly one-third of its had with some of my fellow Conserva- obstacles involved the exploitation of
needs if and when the pipeline is turned on. In effect, the pipeline will tives has been their tendency to roman- docile, low-cost workers.
ticize our nation's past. One case in When England's pool of indentured
make the West Europeans dependent on the Soviets and, therefore,
point is Patrick Buchanan. toilers began to dry up, over half a
more vulnerable. "We owe a debt to divine provi- million black Africans were involunta-
What further irks American policymakers are the policies of West dence," wrote Mr. Buchanan recently, rily imported to the colonies to fill the
European banks. European banks are committing themselves to vast "that when our ancestors reached these gap. Southern colonies prospered and
new loans to the Soviet Union at a time when the Kremlin is doing shores, they faced adversity and ob- by 1860, the United States had no fewer
nothing to ease the pain in the West caused by Poland's non-payment stacles, the conquest of which pro- than 2.34 million slave laborers working
of debts. In addition, the Soviets would repay the principal of these duced strong men and women - not the at tasks that few white people were
loans not with cash but with gas still locked in the Siberian tundra. enervating, cloying, poisonous embrace willing to undertake. Black Americans
French banks, for one, agreed to lend the USSR an extra S140 million of a mammoth welfare state." are still overcoming that adversity and
downpayment on pipeline equipment. All this with Poland still in the the racist policies that existed for a
grip of martial law! My quarrel with this thesis is that it is century after emancipation.
based on a somewhat selective interpre- When cheap and abundant labor was
From where we sit, Mr. Reagan cannot go on shilly-shallying on the
tation of American history — a roman- needed after the'Civil War, America
pipeline issue. Despite the apparent inconsistency of an American tic fantasy, if you will - of the salu- opened its doors wide to Europe's
policy that allows big grain sales to the Soviets but wags a finger at brious consequences of adversity. While "wretched refuse." By 1910, an esti-
European industrial sales, Mr. Reagan should come out strongly it is true that some Americans prospered mated 9.3 million East and South
against the pipeline and use America's economic muscle to try and by overcoming adversity, many others Europeans arrived to work in America `s
reign in the unruly Europeans. Impatience with the irresponsible suffered and died from it. mines and factories where wages were
wheeling-and-dealing of the West Europeans is already growing in Of the 120 settlers who arrived in low, working conditions were abomi-
many government circles. Sen. Ted Stevens of Alaska, for example, Jamestown in 1607, only 53 survived the nable, and death and disease were
has threatened to introduce a resolution to withdraw American troops first winter. At Plymouth, less than half common. Even children, some as young
from Europe because of Western Europe's cooperation with the of the 102 Pilgrims who disembarked as 9 and 10, were put to work to help
Soviets on the pipeline, and because of its casual attitude toward from the Mayflower in 1620 were alive a their families overcome their adversi-
defense. year later. ties.
While some Americans succumbed, When strikes erupted during the late
Truly, it is high time to put the economic screws to the Soviets, and others overcame adversity in the new 1880s and early 1900s, they were sup-
firm opposition to the pipeline is one small step toward the economic world at great cost to others. pressed . When the economy lagged, as it
isolation of the USSR. The United States must also make it clear to its For almost two centuries native did in the 1880s and again in 1893,
allies that they must tighten up credits and guarantees to the Soviets Americans were systematically, often (Continued on page 14)
and restrict exports of energy-related materials, or risk suffering the brutally, pushed off their ancestral
serious consequence of American ire. It's a prickly issue, but Western lands despite numerous treaties recog- Dr. Myron B. Kuropas, special assis-
Europe must be diplomatically and gingerly persuaded to stop nizing theirrightof ownership. In 1830, tant for ethnic affairs to President
snapping at the heels of its chief ally and protector. Congress even passed a Removal Act - Gerald Ford, is supreme vice-president
Two opportunities to exploit the Soviet Union's economic anemia subsequently sanctioned by the Su- of the Ukrainian National Association
have alreay been missed — declaring Poland in default and, yes,conti- preme Court — which empowered the and a board member of the Illinois
nuing the grain embargo. These decisions are reversible, though president to deport Indians. Eight years Consultation on Ethnicity in Education
later, some 4,000 Cherokees perished as and the National Center for Urban-
maybe not at the present time. Throwing a wrench into the gas pipeline
their nation was forcibly pushed across Ethnic Affairs. He served as Midwest
works must be done, the sooner the better. the Mississippi River in mid-winter. ACTION regional director from 1971
American Indians never have con- to 1974.

Towards a united Ukrainian front in America

The story of our congresses, 1902-82
by Dr. Myron B. Kuropas

Remarks delivered by Dr. Myron B. Kuropas, Unfortunately, the committee passed out of
supreme vice president of the Ukrainian National existence within a few years, largely as a result of
Association, during a community meeting sponsored disagreements between the Radical Socialists and the
by the Committeefor Law and Order in the VCCA on National Democrats within its ranks.
January 31 in New York City.
The Ruthenian National Council
Ethnic organizational life in America tends to
follow a sequential pattern consisting of three distinct The next meaningful attempt to organize an
historical phases. umbrella organization began in 1914, soon after the
The first phase involves the establishment of local eruption of hostilities in Europe. In the forefront of the
societies for the purpose of meeting immediate call for "a representative body of all Ukrainians" was
communal needs. the Ruskyi Narodnyi Soyuz, which formally changed
The second phase begins when the need for pooling its name to the Ukrainian National Association the
and expanding local resources is identified. A national following year. "Let's be ready," declared Svoboda on
organization of local societies is then established for September 1, "the war will end, there will be a peace
the purpose of meeting local needs more efficiently conference, and Ukraine will have its chance."
and for broadening the resource base with the That same year, Dr. Semen Demydchuk, a frequent
promotion of additional local chapters. Ukrainian visitor to America, arrived in the United
As the ethnic community continues to grow, it States as the official envoy of the newly established
becomes more diversified .leading to a proliferation of Ukrainian General Council in Lviv. On October 8,
local and national organizations. This often creates representatives from the four fraternal benefit
problems of coordination, and it is at this juncture in organizations then in existence — the UNA, the
the history of the community that the third phase of Ukrainian Workingmen's Association, the Providence
communal life is reached. A congress of local and Association and the Haidamaky - met with Dr.
national organizations is called, and a federation Demydchuk to discuss the possibility of creating one
comes into being for the purpose of enhancing and powerful organization which could work on behalf of
coordinating the achievement of goals shared by the Ukrainian national aspirations abroad. After much
total community. In some instances, the calling of such debate, it was decided that an organizational commit-
a congress is precipitated by a single momentous event tee, headed by Dr. Volodymyr Simenovych of
or by the identification of a perceived threat to the Chicago, should be created for the purpose of
well-being of the entire ethnic group. Father Mykola Stefanovych convening a "Ukrainian diet" in America.
Ukrainian organizational life in America has The first break in what appeared to be a united
generally followed the historical sequence charted by could serve as a coordinating center for the entire Ukrainian front occurred within a few weeks after the
Rusyn-Ukrainian community. meeting. Asserting his authority as a leader in both the
other American ethnic communities. The first Rusyn
community was organized in Shenandoah, Pa., in Uhro-Rusyn and Ukrainian ethno-national camps,
The Ruthenian National Committee Bishop Soter Ortynsky suddenly announced the
1884 for the purpose of establishing a parish and
building a church. With the arrival of the Rev. Ivan convocation of a congress of Ukrainians and Uhro-
On December 26, 1903, a national congress of Rusyns. Before anyone could effectively protest — let
Voliansky, more local organizations — a burial
Rusyn-Ukrainians was held in Yonkers, N.Y., and the alone dissuade the bishop — an all-Rusyn conclave
society, a choir, a heritage school, a co-op — were
first Ukrainian federation in the United States — the was held in Philadelphia and, on December 8, 1914,
Ruthenian National Committee — was established. the Ruthenian National Council was born.
Encouraged by Father Voliansky, other Rusyn
Headed by Father Mykola Stefanovych, a Radical In a subsequent editorial titled "What Is the Biggest
communities in the area — Freeland, Shamokin,
Socialist, the new umbrella organization included Fault of Our People?" (January 2, 1915), Svoboda
Hazleton, Olyphant — as well as elsewhere in the
most societies then active in the increasingly militant replied: "The answer to that question is very brief. The
United States — Jersey City, N.J., Minneapolis—soon
and ethno-nationally conscious Rusyn-Ukrainian biggest fault of our people is their lack of unity." It was
followed Shenandoah`s lead. By 1889, the year of
camp. a lament that would be repeated many times and by
Father Voliansky's departure, the Rusyn community
A national fund was established of which 25 percent many people in the years that lay ahead.
was beginning to take on national characteristics.
was earmarked for combating Russian Orthodox Unfortunately, the Uhro-Rusyns never fully
In 1894, a number of local burial societies came propaganda, 25 percent for the support of Rusyn- supported Bishop Ortynsky's actions, and when he met
together and gave birth to the Ruskyi Narodnyi Ukrainian schools in America, 25 percent for the an untimely death in 1916 the council died with him.
Soyuz, the first national organization in America's maintenance of a national home, 15 percent for
Rusyn-Ukrainian community. With the establishment assistance to organizations in Ukraine, and 10 percent The Federation of Ukrainians in the United States
of a national body, new local chapters were organized for miscellaneous needs in the United States.
and community life expanded. In many Rusyn- Subsequent conventions of the committee were held Ignoring the bishop's earlier initiative, the fratemak,
Ukrainian communities the creation of a local Soyuz in Olyphant in 1904 and in McKees Port in 1905. It now minus the Providence Association, decided to
branch often precipitated the establishment of a parish was at the latter convention that Father Mykola push ahead with their original plans. The first diet of
committee with the Soyuz subsequently playing a Strutynsky, a National Democrat, was elected Ukrainians in America was convened in New YorV
major role in the process of organizing the parish and president. At the same time, a decision was reached to City on October 30 and 31, 1915, with 295 delegates
building the local church. adopt the nam,e Society of Rusyn Patriots to identify (holding mandates from 457 local non-sectarian
Once Rusyn-Ukrainian priests began to arrive to all local branches of the committee. organizations) in attendance.
take up pastoral duties in communities where parish During the two days of deliberation, a new central
committees had already been created, an informal Ukrainian organization, the Federation of Ukrai-
network of church leaders was formed for the purpose nians in the United States, headed by Dr. Volodymyr
of promoting parish organization throughout America. Simenovych and an executive board of 21 persons,
In 1901, under the leadership of the American Circle came into being and was charged with the task of
- a group of dynamic Catholic priests dedicated to representing the Ukrainian people in America and
the Ukrainianization of the Rusyn community - a with establishing local branches of the federation
national organization, the Association of Ruthenian throughout the country.
Church Communities in the United States, was Four major resolutions were passed reflecting the
established to coordinate the work of the church. political posture of the Ukrainian stream at that time:
1. The Ukrainian congress and that organization
The first significant attempt to create a federation of which it has established represents the will of
Rusyn-Ukrainian organizations occurred in 1902 in Ukrainians organized in 457 non-sectarian Ukrainian
Harrisburg Pa. Concerned with what they believed organizations in the United States.
was a concerted effort by Roman Catholic prelates to 2. Ukrainians, citizens and future citizens of the
Latinize and amalgamate their Church and angered by United States, appeal to the president to empower the
Rome's reticence to intervene - which was viewed as a future American delegation to the peace conference to
repudiation of certain ecclesiasticrightsguaranteed by proclaim, in the name of the United States, the
the Union of 1596 — the newly formed association principle that every nationality is the rightful ruler of
called a convention to discuss the future of the Rusyn- its own country and no nationality is subject to the rule
Ukrainian Church in America. During the course of of another.
the assembly a number of community issues was 3. Our program with reference to the Ukrainian
raised in addition to matters related to the Church. question is based on the establishment of a Ukrainian
The convention ended with a resolution to hold a republic formulated on the most far-reaching demo-
congress the following.year, and to move ahead with cratic principles and on radical agrarian reform.
the , formation of an umbrella organization which Father Mykola Strutynsky . (Continued on pate I)

in Europe, the overridine issue becmftffw лімжгіоп of Central Europe." In keeping with its anti-Austrian
Towards a united... continued support of the Austrian war effort. As the posture, the federation signed the union's Declaration
(Continued from pa t e 7) representative of the General Council in Lviv - which of Common Aims on October 25,1918, along with the
4. We support the Tight for autonomy of Russian had called upon the Ukrainian people to support Uhro-Rusyns and 10 other nationalities present at the
and Austrian Ukraine if, after the war, the Ukrainian Austria in her fight with Russia - Dr. Demydchuk, Philadelphia gathering which gave birth to the union.
lands have not been incorporated in a Ukrainian who represented the right-wing views within the The union clearly favored the dissolution of the
republic. federation, argued for continued moral support of Austro-Hungarian empire.
The federation also resolved to aid the homeland in Austria, a position which, if over-emphasized, could Endeavoring to regain some of its lost momentum in
its struggle for self-determination based upon alienate the growing anti-Hapsburg sentiments of the community, the federation decided to convene a
democratic principles, to provide financial assistance America's leaders. The left wing within the federation second diet of Ukrainian Americans in Washington
to victims of the war, and to continue the ethno- favored an anti-Austrian stance which, if promul­ on December 16,1918. A national fund v/asestablished
national development of the Ukrainian American gated, could conceivably help the Russian war effort. and a new "call" was proclaimed to the Ukrainian
through the establishment of study courses for In time, the dilemma split the federation into two American community to "unite under a common
illiterates, night schools for those seeking advanced camps - pro-Austrian and anti-Austrian - with banner in a cause that will benefit the Ukrainian
training libraries, lecture series, as well as drama executives within the same Ukrainian member- people." Commenting on the "constant and infamous
clubs, choirs, sports clubs and youth organizations." organization taking different sides on the issue. attacks from both sides," the declaration urged its
The federation, seemingly doomed from its incep­ The conflict was never really resolved within the supporters to "recruit new members and organize new
tion, did not succeed in its mission to politically unite federation. Anticipating rapproachement with the branches."
the Ukrainian American community. Surprised by Ukrainian Catholic Church after the death of Bishop A Washington office was established by the
Bishop Ortynsky's sudden retreat from the original Ortynsky, therightwing, led by the UNA, withdrew to federation in 1919, under the direction of Nicholas
Demydchuk committee, the organizers of the federa­ form another all-Ukrainian organization, the Ukrai­ Repen, a former member of the Radical Party in
tion were faced with a dilemma — join Bishop nian Alliance of America. Galicia and one-time contributor to Ukrayinska
Ortynsky's effort and negate the increasingly influen­ Following the UNA-led exodus in 1916, the Hazeta, the short-lived federation newspaper.
tial socialist camp, or ignore Bishop Ortynsky and federation received the bulk of its community support A final attempt to regain its prestige within the
incur the wrath of the powerful Catholics. In the end, from the UNA and the Ukrainian Federation of Ukrainian American community was made by the
both alternatives were attempted. Ukrainian Socialist Parties of America (UFSPA), an federation late in 1919 soon after the arrival in
organization created in 1915. The ideological leader­ Washington of a diplomatic mission from the Petliura
ship of the federation, however, was provided by government.
Myroslav Sichynsky, the assassin of Polish Count
Potocki in 1908. Sentenced to life imprisonment, Mr. Believing that Julian Bachynsky, the mission
Sichynsky eventually escaped to Sweden - with the director and a socialist, would recognize them as the
help of bribe monies supplied by the Ukrainian sole representatives of the Ukrainian American
American community — and, on October 21, 1914, community, the federation leadership went out of its
arrived to a hero's welcome in the Ukrainian Ameri­ way to curry his favor. Mr. Bachynsky, however, had
can community. spent time in America as a participant-observer prior
to the war and, upon his return to Ukraine, had
A second exodus within the federation occurred in authored "The Ukrainian Immigration in the United
1917 when the UFSPA, now firmly controlled by the States of America," a monumental research study
Bolsheviks, came out in opposition to the Ukrainian published in Lviv in 1914. He was thoroughly familiar
Central Rada in Kiev and left the federation. with the politics of the Ukrainian American commu­
Despite the loss of most of its original membership nity and had no intention of becoming embroiled in its
and strong opposition from the alliance and Svoboda, conflicts.
the federation managed to su/vive its right- and left- On September 27 and 28, he met with representa­
wing crises and to continue its efforts on behalf of the tives of the federation, the alliance, the UNA, the
Ukrainian cause. Its most significant contribution UWA, the Providence Association and the Ukrainian
during its existence was the role it played in the National Aid Association (a fraternal organization
campaign to have President Woodrow Wilson proclaim a founded in 1915), and lobbied on behalf of a united
nationwide Ukrainian Day in America. Both the front in winning recognition for the Ukrainian
federation and the alliance supported the idea and National Republic.
both claimed credit for its genesis and realization.
Neither side, however, was willing to work with the
As for the role of the federation, this much seems other and Mr. Bachynsky was forced to choose the
certain: 1. On January 4, 1917, a federation delega­ alliance, by then the more influential of the two
tion consisting of Dr. Simenovych, Osyp Zaplatynsky, Ukrainian umbrella organizations. Disillusioned by
Bishop Soter Ortynsky the UWA president, Dr. Cyril Bilyk, and Maria what they considered to be a betrayal of a common
Strutynsky, met with President Wilson to speak on socialist cause, federation leaders began to attack Mr.
When cooperation with Bishop Ortynsky proved behalf of the proclamation. 2. Organizations asso­ Bachynsky and his mission, an action which only
untenable, Ukrainian lay leaders proceeded to ciated with the federation collected 532,217.37 for the served to alienate more members of the Ukrainian
organize the federation and, predictably, the Ukrai­ Ukrainian cause as a result of the Ukrainian Day fund- American community. By the summer of 1920, the
nian Catholic press began its criticism, beginning with raising activities. federation, having lost its last bid for community
the fact that the congress had not opened with a prayer Another federation project was its involvement in power, was no longer an influential force in the
and had not sent a greeting to the pope. the formation of the Central European Union, an Ukrainian political arena.
A more serious problem, however, was faced by the ethnic coalition organized by Thomas Masaryk to
federation within its own ranks. As the war progressed dramatize the plight of the "oppressed nationalities of To be continued.

U.S. at Madrid... we initiated in the 1970s an attempt to

reach an agreement with the Soviet
might have for the first use of these
awful weapons.
in the area of chemical warfare (CW is
a complete and verifiable ban on the
(Continued from page 5)
Union on a comprehensive and verifiable It is thus the reluctant policy of the production and stockpiling of chemical
facility, which is no longer usable or joint ban on all chemical weapons. United States to build and maintain a weapons. Until such a ban can be
used. I have been informed by experts that chemical munitions stockpile to deny a obtained, our objective, consistent with
The record will also show that today the question of verification is a complex significant military advantage to any existing treaties and international law,
the Soviet Union operates at least and difficult one. We concluded that who would seek to initiate their use. We is to deter the use of chemical weapons.
14 chemical weapon production on-site inspection was a prerequisite for are making only those improvements The U.S. will not use chemical weapons
facilities. Its armies are better equipped, agreement. We found that the Soviet necessary to provide us with a credible unless chemical weapons are first used
better organized and better trained in Union rejected all suggestions for on- and effective deterrent. against us or our allies. The U.S. does
chemical warfare than any others in the site inspection. It appeared to us that It is our fervent hope that this pro­ not and will not possess biological or
world. Each Soviet combat unit, down the Soviets had no incentive to enter gram will provide an incentive to the toxic weapons."
to the regimental level, has a sizable into an agreement with us. They Soviet Union to join us in seeking a We have had enough self-serving and
chemical warfare contingent. Chemical possessed a decisive advantage in this complete and verifiable ban on the misleading allegations and assertions by
warfare specialists are assigned at the field because of our inactivity and saw production, development and stock­ the Soviet Union here and elsewhere.
company level. It is estimated that there no reason to give it up. Nevertheless, piling of all such weapons. The search for peace will not be
are close to 100,000 personnel with they continue to talk, without decision; Our objective is not to produce achieved by propaganda. The search for
chemical warfare training, a training and we saw that their purpose in going chemical weapons. We have demon­ peace will be achieved by actions
which uses actual chemical agents. through the form of the negotiation was strated the genuineness of that objective consistent with peace. That is what our
Soviet artillery units are regularly to impede the ability of the United by our unilateral action of 1969. Our delegation has been asking for at this
equipped with various kinds of chemical States to protect its own interests by objective is to achieve a complete and meeting. When we see action which
warfare shells and other weapons. The building an adequate deterrent capabi­ verifiable prohibition of chemical war­ merits a constructive response from us,
Soviet Union has without doubt invest­ lity. We concluded that it was essential fare. Our unilateral restraint has not I want to assure this body that our
ed heavily in all aspects of chemical to demonstrate to the Soviet Union that worked and has instead only resulted in response will be immediately and gener­
warfare. we would now deny them any signifi­ a significant imbalance between our ously and enthusiastically forthcoming.
My government, therefore, found cant military advantage from using capability and that of the Soviets. It is Until then we will expose the propa­
itself in a position of having unilaterally chemical weapons. We would improve necessary for us to try another approach. ganda for what it is, just as we will
renounced production of all chemical our defenses against their use and We are doing so. continue to use this forum to expose the
weapons in 1969,while the Soviet Union thereby prayerfully reduce casualties; The official position of our govern­ violations of the Helsinki Final Act,
recklessly proceeded in an effort to gain but it was also necessary for us to ment was stated in the following an­ including the violence against the
world supremacy in this area of warfare. maintain a capability to retaliate so as nouncement from the White House: people of Poland, for what they are.
To meet this dilemma constructively, to reduce any incentive that the Soviets "The administration's ultimate goal Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

Panorama of Ukrainian culture in the Big

by Helen Peroaak Smindak

Regardless of the weather, the open­ Ukrainian personalities on the Great a) rehearsing the play in the Big Apple which presented Jack Gilford and "the
ing of the Easter exhibit at The Ukrai­ White Way. George de la Pens, a soloist without fanfare, so he will not be people of Heaven and Chelm" (get that
nian Museum is a sure portent that with the American Ballet Theatre, is disturbed by over-enthusiastic reporters pun!) in three short plays during a brief
spring is just around that proverbial now with the cast of "Woman of the and fans, or b) he is still "flirting with run at the Rialto Theatre, started with
corner, along with balmy temperatures Year," the musical comedy hit starring Broadway," as he told New York Tunes "A Tale of Chelm" — a short play
and greening leaves. Lauren Bacall and Harry Guardlno. reporter Carol Lawson back in January "about foolish people living in a foolish
This year's display opened hut Satur­ The musical is playing at the Palace when be recalled "a whole list of plays I village in Russia." Chelm is the Polish
day, as noted in The New York Times Theatre, 1564 Broadway (757-2625). almost did." name for Kholm, a city in the north­
Weekender Guide on March 5. Under Mr. de la Pena, who joined American о My listing of Ukrainian stars on western Ukrainian province of Volyn
the headline "2nd Ave. Ukrainian Ballet Theatre in December 1974 and Broadway (Panorama, February 21) founded by Ukrainian King Daniel in
Eggs," The Times reported that "more was made a soloist in the winter of 1977, overlooked at least two important the 13th century. Interestingly, the
than 200 brilliantly colored Easter eggs, plays the role of a Russian ballet dancer personalities. William Shust, who will backdrop for "A Tale of Chelm" showed
decorated with stylized animals, flowers, who defects. His ballet experience and be appearing in person at the Ukrainian a picturesque three-tiered wood church
crosses and intricate geometric pat­ his Slavic background (his mother is Institute of America on March 20, like those native to the Carpathian
terns" would be on view at the museum, Ukrainian) undoubtedly serve him well performed in Broadway productions of regions of Ukraine. Background music
203 Second Ave., near 13th Street, from in this portrayal. "The Country Girl," "The Owl and the for the show, played by an accordionist,
March 6 through May 16. A native of New York City, the Pussycat" and "Arturo Ui." Laryssa violinist and mandolin-player, featured
Scores of visitors crowded the mu­ dancer attended the School of Ameri­ (Kukrycka) Laurel appeared in Ten­ a recurring melody that brought to
seum on Saturday to examine and can Ballet and graduated from the High nessee Williams's "The Night of the mind the nostalgic highland folk song
exclaim over the complex designs and School of Performing Arts. He per­ Iguana," "Paris is Out" and "Julia, Jake "Verkhovyno." Despite the great cha­
vivid colorations of the eggs. More formed with the St. Paul Civic Opera and Uncle Joe." racterizations done by Mr. Gilford and the
visitors came on Sunday afternoon to and the Andre Eglevsky Ballet Com­ " In his review of Neil Simon's gentle charm of the three plays, "The
view the pysanky and to watch Easter- pany before joining ABT. musical revue "Little Me," now playing World of Sholom Aleichem" proved to
egg experts as they used styluses, In 1979, Mr. de la Pena took a leave at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre, New be "rather slender entertainment" (as
beeswax and dyes to transform white of absence from the ABT company to York Times critic Walter Kerr wrote described by Stewart Klein of WNEW-
eggs into talismans ensuring wealth, star in the title role of Herbert Ross's that the musical "has a kind of mistress TV Channel 5) and the show, closed on
happiness and health. film "Nijinsky." The film, released by of ceremonies, or tour guide, who February 28.
The demonstrators were Malta Lo- Paramount Pictures in New York in pretends that Ukrainian dancers and " Carol Lawson of The New York
patynsky, Sophia Иеіук and Natalie March 1980, was not a box-office Citizen Kane and World War I are all Times reported in one of her "Broad­
Duma, the coordinator of this year's success although critics generally con­ related to one another." According to way" columns that a drama about the
demonstration program. sidered that Mr. de la Pena did "re­ press representative Bill Evans, there is Jews of Kiev will open on Broadway on
Beginning this weekend, adults' markably well" in managing Nijinsky's a dance number in "Little Me" perform­ May 6. The work of a little-known
and children's workshops will be held emotional extremes. ed by dancers in kerchiefs and wide Jewish playwright, Aleksandr Borsh-
each Saturday and Sunday through During the ABT spring session at the skirts on the bed of the dying Prince chagovsky, "Before the Dawn" is said to
April 4, with a choice of morning and Metropolitan Opera House in 1981, Cherny of the bankrupt duchy of recreate "the anguish of the Jews of
afternoon sessions. Mr. de la Pena was praised by dance Rozenzweig. But, he says, they "could be Kiev on the eve of their massacre by the
The myth and the magic of Ukrainian critics for his solo performances in anyone — they're not meant to be Nazis at the ravine of Babi Yar."
pysanky will be explored during de­ "Giselle," "Prodigal Son" and "The Ukrainian." Perhaps designer Tony According to Miss Lawson, the play
monstration sessions and at the start of Moor's Pavane." Walton's recent success in the Broad­ was staged by a small Jewish theater
each workshop with showings of Slavko ' Re Jack Palaoce and the play "Now way hit "A Day in Hollywood, A Night group in Moscow in October 1980.
NowytaWs film "Pysanka: The Ukrai­ You See It." Publicist Richard Dahl in the Ukraine" has made him partial to Although it ran for only six perfor­
nian Easter Egg." told me several days ago that rehearsals costume designs with a Ukrainian mances, it was "a rebuke of the Soviet
for the play have not begun, but not to feeling. regime for its unwillingness to admit
The Easter eggs will be on view
through May 16, Wednesday to Sun­ worry. I'm guessing that Mr. Palance is: " "The World of Sholom Aleichem," that the Jews suffered worse than any
day, 1 to 5 p.m., with one more demon­ other ethnic group under the Nazi
stration session scheduled for April 10. occupation." It will be interesting to see
how Ukrainians fare in this production.
Strike up the bandura
Resistant spaces
The New York School of Bandura is
awhirl with a number of new develop­ Paintings in combination with photo­
ments, reports administrative director graphs and chairs form the latest works
Nick Czorny. The school's students will of artist Darin Dorosh, and 11 of these
be taking part in Ukrainian Day in creations have been on exhibit at Soho's
Vineland, N.J., on May 8, cutting a first A.I.R. Gallery since February 23.
record in mid-May, going on a picnic on New York City and area residents
June 5, and participating in graduation who pick up this issue of The Weekly at
exercises June 17. East Village newsstands on Friday
Biggest news at the moment is the evening or who receive their subscrip­
establishment of a new concert en­ tion copies in Saturday's mail can still
semble affiliated with the school. Con­ run over to Soho and catch the show. It
sisting of some IS to 18 of the school's closes at 6 p.m. on March 13.
outstanding bandura players, the en­ A.I.R. Gallery is located at 63 Crosby
semble is presently rehearsing a mi­ St. (966-0799).
nimum of three hours each Saturday
under the leadership of Julian Kytasty, Newsworthy events
the school's young director. Next week­
end - from March 19 to 22 - the " Author Vasyl Barka, the first
group will meet with maestro Hryhory winner of the Omelian and Tetiana
Kytasty of Cleveland for intensive Anfonovych Foundation's 55,000 prize
rehearsals in preparation for a concert for an outstanding Ukrainian literary
tour that will include Rochester, N.Y., work, received the award during cere­
(May 1), Buffalo, N.Y., (May 2) and monies at the Ukrainian Institute on
Washington (sometime in May). February 13. Taking part in the cere­
By special invitation, friends of the monies were Mr. and Mrs. Anto-
bandura school will attend a general novych, Mykola Lebed, head of the
rehearsal of the new ensemble on March committee which raised SI3,000 to
21 at 4 p.m. The rehearsal will be held in publish Mr. Barka's novel, and jury
the auditorium of the Ukrainian Libera­ members Prof. Yuriy Shevelov, Prof.
tion Front Home, 136 Second Ave. Bohdan Rubchak and Prof. Yuriy
Still up in the air is the choice of a Hmbovych. Mr. Barka's fourivolume
Ukrainian-language novel, Over 25
name for the ensemble. The majority of
years in preparation, is titled "Svidok
bandura players seem to favor "Zhyvi dlia sontsia shestykrylykh."
Struny" (literally translated: Live
Strings), but Mr. Czorny says the group о Mary Anne and Michael Herman,
is open to ideas. who have been teaching folk dancing
for more than 35 years, were listed in the
Broadway attractions Ethnic Folk-Dancing Circuit guide
" Add another star to your list of Announcement for Darin Dorosh's exhibit in Soho. (Continued on pafe 15)

Sunday, March 14 Saturday, March 20

PITTSBURGH: "Christ's Passion,"
a performance of Ukrainian and Kononiw, the Homin Bandurist gram includes: address by Prof. rican actor of Ukrainian descent, will
Slavonic hymns of the Great Fast, Ensemble and St. John's choir. Wolodymyr Barahura, and perfor­ appear at the Ukrainian Institute of
will be held in the historic St. John Proceeds are earmarked, for the mances by the School of Bandura, America, 2 E. 79th St., at 7 p.m. The
the Baptist Ukrainian Church at completion of the Ukrainian Catho­ the Zhayvoronky Girls' Choir, the program will be composed of selec­
Seventh and Carson streets. The lic church in Lourdes. Tickets are S5 Promin vocal ensemble, recitation by tions from works by Taras Shev­
concert, sponsored by the Western at the door. Olia Szkafarowsky-Rudyk and mu­ chenko, Vasyl Symonenko and Lina
Pennsylvania Council of the League sical selections by Ukrainian Music Kostenko. A reception will follow.
of Ukrainian Catholics, begins at 5 NEW YORK: Opening of an exhibit Institute students, Yurko Furda, Suggested donation: S15, students
p.m. of paintings by Bohuslava Hnativ at Orest Harasymchuk and Yarema and senior citizens — S5.
I p.m. at the Ukrainian Sports Club Bachynsky. Tickets at S5 and S4 are
PHILADELPHIA: St. John the of New York, 122 Second Ave. The available at the Arka, Eko and Sunday, March 11
Baptist Ukrainian Catholic Church exhibit continues through March 20.
choir is holding a concert dedicated Featured are ISO works, including Tuesday, March 16 ABINGTON TOWNSHIP, Pa.: U-
to the appearance of the Blessed oils, watercolors and charcoal draw­ krainian Americans for the Re-
Mother in Lourdes, France. The ings. PITTSBURGH: WQED FM (89.3) Election of Congressman Charles F.
concert will be held in the will present "Tenor Evon Kozlovsky, Dougherty are, sponsoring a fund-
Immaculate Conception Cathedral NEW YORK: A concert in tribute to from Ukraine" at 10 p.m. raising reception at 6:30 p.m. at the
auditorium on Franklin Street at 4 Taras Shevchenko will be held at Ukrainian Educational and Cultural
p.m. Program includes: address by 2:30 p.m. at Washington Irving High Thursday, March 18 Center, 700 Cedar Road. Contribu­
the Rev. Vasyl Perejma of Lourdes, School, 17th Street and Irving Place, tion: S25. Rep. Dougherty is the
soprano Marta Kokolska-Musijts- by the United Ukrainian American PITTSBURGH: An exhibit of Rem founder and co-chairman of the Ad
chuk, recitation by Oksana and Organizations of New York and the Bahautdin's newest works — compo­ Hoc Committee on the Baltics and
Yaroslav Rudakevych and Iwanna Shevchenko Scientific Society. Pro- sitions in metal, focusing on histori­ Ukraine, a group that now includes
cal and religious themes — opens at 90 members of Congress. For further
the Frick Fine Arts Building of the information call: Irene Skulsky (215)
University of Pittsburgh, sponsored 969-6313; Nila Pawluk, 265-6047;
New York to honor patriarch by the Ukrainian Nationality Room Christine Shust, 947-2795; or Halya
Committee of the university. A wine Kozak, 763-3440.
with concert at Cooper Union and cheese reception will open the
exhibit at 6:30 p.m. Thursday, and NEW YORK: Titus Hewryk will
by Marta Zielyk father. She continued her studies with the showing will run through Sun­ speak on the annihilated churches of
Dr. Samuel Applebaum, well-known day, March 21. The exhibit features Kiev at the Ukrainian Academy of
NEW YORK - In celebration of author and teacher at the Manhattan over 50 works. Arts and Sciences, 206 W. 100th St.,
Patriarch Josyf Slipyj's 90th birthday a School of Music. Currently Ms. Kup­ at 2 p.m.
concert will be presented in the audito­ chynsky is a junior at the New England TORONTO: The Chair of Ukrainian
rium of The Cooper Union here on Conservatory of Music in Boston. Studies at the University of Toronto Monday, March 22
March 20. Ms. Kupchynsky performed as a will sponsor a lecture by Dr. John
The performers will be: Andriy Do- soloist in New York, New Jersey, Fizer of Rutgers University, who will NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Insti­
briansky, well-known bass-baritone Vermont, Massachusetts, Maine and speak on Alexander Potebnia, the tute of America initiates its new
with the Metropolitan Opera Company Pennsylvania. She was the New Jersey distinguished 19th century Ukrai­ program of courses, including Ukrai­
in New York City, the Dumka chorus; state winner of the American String nian linguist, ethnographer,and nian history (Mondays), culture
and Lidia Krushelnytsky's Drama Teachers Association solo competition, literary critic. Dr. Fizer will analyze (Tuesdays), language (Wednesdays),
Studio, all of New York. and first-place winner in the Garden "Potebnia`s view of the Structure of independent studies in language and
Also featured will be: Laryssa Krupa, State Philharmonic Society Young the Work of Poetic Art." Dr. Fizer literature, and English as a second
pianist; Christina Romana Lypeckyj, Artist Solo Competition in 1979. received his Ph.D. from Columbia language (Wednesdays). All courses
mezzo-soprano; and Melanie Kupchyn- University and since 1961 he has are offered at 6-7:45 p.m. For infor­
sky, violinist. Currently Ms. Kupchynsky is a taught in the department of Slavic mation and registration call (212)
The Rev. Marian Butrynsky from member of the New England Conser­ languages and literatures at Rutgers. 288-8660. Fee: 535.
Chicago will be the speaker of the vatory Symphony Orchestra and is He is the author of many studies
evening. preparing for a concert tour of Europe dealing with literary theory and Thursday, March 25
Ms. Krupa began her music studies at in the spring. aesthetics, including a recent book
the age of 5 at the Academy of Music in Ms. Lypeckyj, mezzo-soprano, was titled "Psychologism and Psycho- CAMBRIDGE, Mass.: Dr. Bohdan
Philadelphia. Since an early age she has born in Stanyslaviv, Ukraine. As a aesthetics" (1981). Dr. Fizer's lecture Bociurkiw of Carleton University
performed in numerous concerts, festi­ young girl, Ms. Lypeckyj moved to on Potebnia begins at 4 p.m. in the will speak on "Soviet Suppression of
vals and solo recitals. She has been a Germany where she studied voice, Debates Room of Hart House at the the U k r a i n i a n Greek Catholic
winner of many piano competitions, ballet, piano and languages. Upon her University of Toronto. The public is Church in Galicja, 1945-6" at 3:30
including the New Jersey Foundation arrival in the United States, she conti­ invited. p.m. in the parlor of the Phillips
for the Performing Arts Piano Compe­ nued vocal studies. Brooks House at Harvard Univer­
tition. sity. The talk is exclusively for
Ms. Lypeckyj has sung major roles in members in good standing of the
Ms. Krupa holds bachelor's and many operas, among them "Carmen," Friday, March 19
master's degrees from the Peabody Mrs. Nolan in Menotti's "Medium," Friends of the Harvard Ukrainian
Conservatory in Baltimore. She also Charlotta in Massenet's "Werther,"and CHICAGO: The opening of an exhi­ Research Institute. For information
holds a diploma with honors from the Azucera in Verdi's "П Trovatore." She bit of 62 watercolors by Anatole call: (617) 495-4053.
Ukrainian Music Institute of America. has performed with various symphony Kolomayets at 8 p.m. at the Senior
Most recently Ms. Krupa performed orchestras and opera companies in the Citizen Home, 2355 W. Chicago WARREN, Mich.: The second an­
as soloist with the Rome Festival United States and Canada. Ave. Introductory remarks will be nual Spring Fashion Show will
Orchestra, as part of a summer festival Ms. Lypeckyj was one of the three made by Mr. J. Vasyliw. The exhibit feature a very unique ensemble of
in Italy, in which she has participated finalists in the Metropolitan Opera will run for three days, March 19-21. hand-embroidered fashion clothing
for the past two years. Regional Auditions (1971) and is listed Hours are from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. on with designs originating from vari-
Ms. Kupchynsky started playing the in the 10th edition of Who's Who of Saturday and Sunday. (Corrtlnued on page 12)
violin at age 4 under the tutelage of her American Women. тжмжмишшаміиііііііі н — і н іліагаиащ

ЯМВШИМШПШВИШШШ lilUIIUS гоооооосфросюооррсюсюое)ооосюссюоес^еюосюоооос

sponsored by the
under the auspieces of the
The scholarships are available to students at an accredited college or university, WHO
to be held May 1 , 1 9 8 2 i n Buffalo, N.Y.
Following tournament
TWO YEARS. Applicants are judged on the basis of scholastic record, financial need
BANQUET/DANCE and involvement in Ukrainian community and student life. Applications are to be sub­
to be held at the Marriot Inn Hotel mitted no later than M a r c h 3 1 , 1 9 8 2 . For applications form write to:
Music by "VESELKA" from Montreal, Canada
""` Montgomery Street ш Jersey City, N.J. 0 7 3 0 2
For entry forms and information call or mite to:
Ukrainian Student Club of Buffalo c / o Christine Zawadiwskyi ATTENTION! APPLICAnONS SUBMITTED WITHOUT ALL REQUIRED DOCUMENTS
26 The Spur m Willalmsville, N.Y. 14221 a 1-716-634-5907 ATTACH ED WILL NOT BE PROCESSED BY THE COMMITTEE.

been sent to Ukraine to speed up grain

Why did... deliveries and destroy Skrypnyk. The
(Continued from pap 6) two tasks were inseparable.
Failing to defeat the Ukrainian Stalin wrote in 1925: "The nationa­
countryside by force of arms, the lity question is by its basis a peasant
question." He understood that the
Bolsheviks hoped concessions would
work. As early as 1919, the Bolsheviks suppression of the Ukrainian nation THE UKRAINIAN JEWELRY STORE
recognized Shevchenko Day and began could not be accomplished unless its has moved to a new location:
to tolerate the use of the Ukrainian social basis, the Ukrainian peasantry,
language. In 1921 the New Economic was also suppressed. It had been the
Policy was proclaimed; the peasantry regime's inability to suppress the coun­ MAKAR'S JEWELRY STORE
was freed from forced requisitions and try people which led to the adoption of
was left in peace for the time being. In the New Economic Policy and Ukraini­ 2 0 2 2 Morris Ava., U n i o n . N.J. 0 7 0 8 3 . Tel.: ( 2 0 1 ) 6 8 6 - 1 9 3 1

1923 Ukrainization was proclaimed, zation, and the abandonment of one

and the regime tried to appear more and necessarily implied the abandonment of я For this occasion, the prices on watches gold chains and other pieces of jewelry have \
more as a Ukrainian force. Ukrainians the other. This, however, raises an been reduced 30 to 40 percent.
were'recruited into the Communist essential question: Why was it possible ш We invite all to visit our shop and take advantage of this sale,
Party of Ukraine. Non-Ukrainians in for the regime to suppress the Ukrainian a Hours are daily from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and on Fridays until 9 p.m.
the party and state apparatus were countryside during the five-year plan
ordered to learn the Ukrainian language when it had been unable to.do so during
and familiarize themselves with the the period of war communism?
Ukrainian way of life. Ukrainian cul­ The answer lies in the gradual pene­
tural life was not only tolerated but tration of the countryside by the regime PERSONS WHO ARE INTERESTED IN ADVERTISING " ^
encouraged. A national cultural revival during the period of the New Economic THEIR BUSINESS IN THE
of unprecedented vigor, the "rozstri- Policy. In 1921 the Bolsheviks con­
liane vidrodzhennia," blossomed. fronted the countryside as outsiders
Ukrainian aspirations were legiti­ with only the Committees for Non-Rich
mized even within the party, and the Peasants ("komnezamy" - "Komitety
Communists Oleksander Shumsky, Nezamozhnykh Selian"), unreliable
Mykola Khvyliovy, and Mykhailo gangs which took grain for the state for a should submit copy for the ads with a check or money order
Volobuyev asserted Ukrainian aspira­ share in the booty. In contrast to no later t h a n April 1 , 1 9 8 2 .
tions to a degree which Moscow found Russia, where the "Jcombedy" were Approximately 430 delegates will attend the Convention scheduled to take place
intolerable. Mykola Skrypnyk was abolished, the "komnezamy" were in Rochester, N.Y. during the week of May 24, 1982.
ultimately able to build up a strong retained in Ukraine and were gradually
political base by condemning all ex­ made into more or less reliable execu­ In previous years, business people and profsssionals have found advertisement
pression of hostility toward Moscow tive institutions. in the journal to be very profitable.
and simultaneously asserting Ukrainian In addition, village Soviets ("silrady") A D V E R T I S I N G RATES:
prerogatives in virtually every sphere. were gradually organized and made into
Full page Я20.00 Quarter page J30.00
All this is well-known,' but the essential reliable administrative organs of the
point is that Stalin was confronted with regime. Perhaps most importantly, the Half page J 60.00 Eigthpage J20.00
a strong Ukrainian political entity villages were penetrated by a network of Please make checks payable to:
within the Soviet Union, a state and secret collaborators with the GPU
society which was growing steadily ("seksoty"). This meant that, in con­ 3 0 Montgomery St., 3 r d Fl. я Jersey City, N.J 0 7 3 0 2
more assertive of its national rights. trast to 1921, the regime was able to rely
on people in the villages who would help
The fact the Stalin was determined to outsiders carry out their orders, and the
destroy Soviet Ukraine as a political regime was also able to identify the
factor is demonstrated by the way the elements in the village most hostile to TUNE IN TO
so-called "cultural revolution" of 1928- the Communists and most capable of
32 was carried out. In Russia, the so- leading villagers in defense of their NATIVE MELODY
called "bourgeois intelligentsia" was farms.
always the main target, but in Ukraine it It is beyond the scope of this brief A UKRAINIAN RADIO PROGRAM
was the Communist Ukrainian intelli­ note to consider the particulars of ON WP0W - 1330 AM
gentsia which was first attacked. Bolshevik policies in the Ukrainian FROM NEW YORK -
Among historians, for example, the countryside. Suffice it to say that the EVERY SUNDAY AT 5:30 P.M.
Communist Matvyi Yavorsky was liguidation of the kulaks, the suppres­
attacked and condemned for treating sion of the Ukrainian Church and its
the history of Ukraine as a distinctive priesthood, and often the arrest of the
process before Mykhailo Hrushevsky village schoolteachers, went hand in
was silenced. Among Ukrainian writers, hand with the suppression of the Ukrai­
the most militantly "proletarian" and nian intellectual and political figures in
avant-guard were attacked for not the cities as a means of decapitating the
following the lead of Russian "proleta­ nation, that collectivization was carried
out more rapidly and that the demands
rian writers."
The 1930 show-trial of the Union for for Ukrainian grain as a proportion of
the total Soviet harvest were higher
the Liberation of Ukraine was at least
than in Russia. The re-Russification of
partially a provocation against Skryp­ the cities in the 1930s was designed to
nyk, since one of the charges was that push Ukrainian nationhood back to the
linguists had engaged in "sabotage" by land where Ukrainian "kolhospnyky"
asserting the distinctiveness of the were legally attached to the soil by
Ukrainian language, and Skrypnyk had means of the internal passport system.
been personally involved in this "sabo­ All p r e p a r a t i o n s for t h e m a k i n g of our lovoly traditional
tage" (although no one said so until All this meant war against the Ukrai­ P Y S A N K Y , t h e d e c o r a t e d Easter E g g .
1933). It is also no coincidence that nian peasantry, a war in which food was
Skrypnyk's final disgrace and suicide the major weapon and mass starvation
D y e s i n I S d i f f e r e n t s h a d e s , 5 d i f f e r e n t styluses i n c l u d i n g
coincide with the famine; Postyshev had the sign of Stalin's victory.
one electric, beeswax, design sheers, instruction books,
c a r d s i n color - s o l d s e p a r a t e l y a n d i n K I T S a t H a n u s e y ' s .
The UNA:
more than an insurance company Also a v a i l a b l e - r e a d y m a d e p y s a n k y , w o o d e n Easter e g g s ,
e g g h o l d e r s , E a s t e r c a r d s i n d i f f e r e n t l a n g u a g e s . Scarfs f o r
Easter food baskets.

i n f o r m a t i o n a n d p r i c e list a l o n g w i t h o u r N E W SPECIAL G I F T
Must know Ukrainian language and have at least some knowledge of hotel management. Write to:
Salary and benefits negotiable.
Apply by mailing resume to:
2 4 4 W. Girard Avenue
SVOBODA, ttl50 " 30 Montgomery Street " JERSEY CITY, N.J. 0 7 3 0 2 Philadelphia, Pa. 1 9 1 2 3
Phone: ( 2 1 5 ) 6 2 7 - 3 0 9 3

Preview... Newark, NJ.: "Hromada: Ukrai­

nian Folklife in New Jersey" is the
(Continued from page 10) theme of symposia, a concert and
exhibits to be held at Rutgers Uni­
ous regions of Ukraine. Fashions will versity, Robeson Student Center,
include evening wear for women of under the sponsorship of the New
all ages, casual clothes with a dis­ Jersey Regional Council of the U-
tinctive Ukrainian accent, as well as krainian National Women's League
children's styles. The show is spon­ of America, New Jersey Historical
sored by the Ukrainian National Commission, Rutgers University,
Women's League of America, Branch Ukrainian National Association and
45, and will be held at 6 p.m. at the The Ukrainian Museum. The pro­
Ukrainian Cultural Center located gram is funded by a grant from the
on Ryan Road, just south of Eleven New Jersey Committee for the Hu­
Mile. The program begins with a full- manities. The day's events include
course dinner followed by a parade symposia on "History, Society and
of new fashions. A raffle will take Folklore" at 9:15 a.m. and "Folk
place at the end of the show. Tickets Music and Folk Art" at 10:45 a.m., a
for the dinner and show are S 12.50 luncheon featuring Ukrainian foods
per person and are available in at noon, a folk music concert at 2
advance at the EKO Gallery located p.m. and an opening reception of
in the Ukrainian Village Plaza on exhibits of "Ukrainian Material Folk
Ryan Road. For ticket information Culture" and "Photographic Essay: Seen above are some of contemporary Ukrainian artiste who will be partici­
call Mrs. Kolodchin at 755-3535. Contemporary Ukrainian Folklife in pating in a group exhibit at the Ukrainian Institute of America. Standing,
New Jersey" at 4 p.m. For informa­ from left, are: Larissa Lawrynenko, Anya Farion, Попа Sochynsky-
tion call David S. Cohen at the New Shyprykevich, Oresta Sieparowycz; seated:. Hilary Zarycky, Anya
Saturday, March 27
Jersey Historical Commission in Rejnarowycz-Borysenko, Olga Maryschuk.
Trenton, (609) 292-6062.
NEW YORK: The Ukrainian Me­ nian Artists of New York at 3 p.m. at RICHMOND, Va.: Ukrainian Or­
dical Association of North America the Ukrainian Institute of America, 2 thodox liturgy will be celebrated by
will hold a wine-tasting fund raiser Sunday, March 28 E. 79th St. Works by the following the Rev. Anatole Bulawka, pastor of
for the benefit of the Ukrainian artists will be displayed: Anya Rejna­St. Michael's Ukrainian Orthodox
Institute of America at the institute, 2 NEW YORK: Opening reception of rowycz-Borysenko, Anya Farion, Church in Baltimore, at noon in the
E. 79th St., at 7 p.m. Exhibition of Contemporary Ukrai- Sisters of Verona Chapel, 1307
Vera Hrywniak, Larissa Lawry­ Lakeside Ave., just off Route 1. A
nenko, Olga Maryschuk, Ulana reception and mini-"akademia" in
Salewycz, Попа Sochynsky-Shy- tribute to Tares Shevchenko will
prykevich, Alex Sibirny, Oresta follow in the adjacent school audi­
Sheparowycz, Stella Bodak-War- torium. The event, a first for Ukrai­
ATTENTION ALL VETERANS! wick and Hilary Zarycky. The exhi­ nians of Virginia, is sponsored by
bit continues through April 10. For UNA Branch 34, the Brotherhood of
WW II - Korean - Viet Nam
information call the Ukrainian Insti­ St. John the Baptist. For informa­
The Ukrainian American Veterans (UAV) invites you to tute of America at (212) 288-8660. tion call (804) 232-3381.
П Join a UAV Post in your area.
П Form a new UAV Post.
D Join as a member-at-large.
Michael Chaika, UNV National Commander UKRAINIAN FREE UNIVERSITY
Yes. I am interested in the UAV by checking any of the categories listed above. is organizing its second study-tour
City, state, zip IN THE STEPS OF OUR
Send to: ST. Vice-Cmdr, John Lupa
183 Broadway, Trombull, Conn. 0 6 6 1 1 FOREFATHERS
TIME: July 9/16 - August 14/21 (5 weeks).
CHANGES IN ADVERTISING RATES AGE GROUP: 18-25 (approximately college age).
AS PART of the tour, students may receive credit for one or two courses:
These courses can be taken as elective: it is advisable to obtain advance permission from your
In view of trie fact that postage rates for the mailing of Svoboda and The college dean. (Tuition: S110. Scholarships and tuition waivers are available.)
. Ukrainian Weekly have increased by over 100 percent, as well as due to the FIRST WEEK: Paris and Versailles - visit historical sites in the most beautiful city in the world, as
increasing costs of newsprint and other printing supplies, the Svoboda Press well as places of Ukrainian interest (grave of Pres. Simon Petlura, bas-relief of Kozaks at Berestechko,
administrative offices are forced to raise the rates for advertising In both news- Shevchenko Society). Possible stops at Rotterdam and/or Luxemburg to visit the graves of Col. Evhen
Konovalets and Col. Andrij Me I пук on our way down the enchanting Rhine river through the scenic Mosel
Effective April 1, 1982, the following will be the new advertising rates for SECOND WEEK: Venice, Rome, Pompeii, Monte Carlo. Lourdes, Geneva. Lectures will be given along
Svoboda and The Ukrainian Weekly. the way describing Ukrainian and Slavic links to these cities: for exemple, did you know that the
powerful Renaissance city-state of Venice tried to make an alliance with Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytskyi
1 column/inch (1 inch by single column):
in the 1650's? The stop in Rome will include visits to Patriarch Josyf at the St. Sofia, and to Ukrainian
fraternal and community advertisements S 6.00 institutions which have been part of Rome since 1639!
During our stay in Munich, there will be outings to the Alps, and to scenic spots such as
general advertisements S10.00 Mrttenwald, Garmisch, and Salzburg.
Note: All advertisements which span the full eight-column page of TRANSPORTATION: New York - Munich (roundtrip) by AIRLINE. (S600.00) In Europe by Train
Svoboda are subject to the S 10.00 per column/inch rate. FIRST CLASS. (EURAILPASS 1 month S3S0.00).
ROOM S MEALS: DURING TRAVELING, room and breakfast will be provided. Sometimes 3 meals.
If the advertisement requires a photo reproduction there is an additional (Rome 8 Luordes). During 2 weeks Seminar in Munich - room and 3 meals.
charge as follows: COST of the entire tour and courses will range SI,500-1.600. (includes air fare, accomodations.
single column S 8.00 and 3 or 4 week Eurailpass First class).
double column S 10.00 NUMBER of participants limited to 15 people.
triple column S12.00 Please respond as soon as possible before APRIL 15.
FOR FURTHER information regarding:
Deadlines for submitting advertisements: a) PROGRAM and SC0LARSHIPS, call or write to DR. PETR0 G0Y. UFU FOUNDATION 203 Second
Svoboda: two days prior to desired publication date. Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003. Tel.: (212) 228-1394:
The Ukrainian Weekly: noon of `ihe Monday before the date of the Weekly b) TRANSPORTATION, contact
issue in question.
Advertisements will be accepted over the telephone only in emergencies. KOBASNIUK TRAVEL INC.
Ad copy should be mailed to: 1 5 7 Second Avenue, N e w York, N.Y. 10O03. Tel.: ( 2 1 2 ) 2 5 4 - 8 7 7 9

SVOBODA PRESS - ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT More detailed information will be made available to applicants.
30 Montgomery Street " Jersey City, N J . 0 7 3 0 2 j

professional direction by a talented and turing the eluded winning point. The
Concert dedicated... knowledgeable conductor, then this fact is, too, that Bortniansky, like Bach
the late, dynamic Archbishop Sheen,
who with combined humaneness and
(Continued from page 5) group might in the future become a and others of his calibre, is definitely in asceticism, grabbed the wretched soul by
every last crevice in the plush wood- crown jewel in the archexarchate's the big musical league; meaning, one its very contritable collar and waxed
and-cloth appointment of the old hall. flourishing cultural legacy. Unfortu­ rightfully accessible only to scrupulous near verse from mere homily's cadence.
Welcome also was the appearance of nately, a Newark, N.J., cantor, albeit of and qualified direction, if even of the The akademia served well its рифове
the 50-strong Prometheus Male Choir, many years' service, Michael Dobosh, best performers. because it helped to demonstrate mass
directed by Michael Dlaboha, which simply is mismatched as the chorus's The concert's chief speaker, like a devotion and tribute to Patriarch Josyf.
enhanced the program with a flair and director. latter-day Bishop Fulton J. Sheen, was It also provided a number of'truly
blend reminiscent of their electric But what was still more embarrassing Chicago's Bishop Innocent Lotocky inspired moments. Hopefully, though,a
performances of Ukrainian folk and and outrageous on Sunday, however, OSBM — long-time pastor at Man­ 100th anniversary (1992) will produce
programmatic songs. The choir's recent was the travesty that was allowed to be hattan's St. George Church, and later in the kind of cultural tribute manifestly
effort to expand into the realm of perpetrated upon the sacrosanct do­ Hamtramck, Mich. His rhetoric and consistent and worthy of that unprece­
classical concert repertory is ambitious. main of Ukraine's greatest church erudition evoked vivid resemblance to dented occasion.
But this particular concert simply composer, Dmytro Stepanovych Bort-
begged for the vintage Prometheus niansky (1751-1825). By splicing onto
sound. For the same reason, the cho­ the two selections by this composer
rus's finale for the akademia, Stetsenko^s some kind of a trinket of a piano Woonsocket, R.I. і Vicinity
programmatic chorale, "On a Blessed accompaniment, Mr. Dobosh changed
Sunday Morn" — featuring the top the beautiful music beyond repair. UNA DISTRICT COMMITTEE
soloist, baritone Dior Kushnir, and the announces that
experienced pianist, Irene Pelech - was What serious musician would dream
a much-needed touch to the two-hour- of patching in an " o o m - p a h - p a h "
plus affair. introduction and "accompaniment" ANNUAL DISTRICT COMMITTEE MEETING
(octaved counter-bass line and mis­ will be held
Ironically, the intended artistic inte­ matched chords, no less) to help Bort-
grity of the program was shaken by niansky along? The original music Sunday, March 14, 1982 at 1:00 p.m.
some inexcusable tampering within the demands performance a cappella. That at St. Michael Ukrainian Orthodox Church Hail
forbidden areas of serious music- is, a cappella, with both Haydenesque 74 Harris Avenue m WOONSOCKET, R.I.
making. Appearing as the second articulation and Beethovenesque Invited and obligated to attend, are officers of the District Committee, two representatives from each
chorus (with two "Psalms" by j)ort- dramaturgy! Why, even the popular Branch and convention delegates of the following Branches:
niansky) was the Archeparchal Metro­ orchestral conductor Leopold Stokow- 73, 177 in Providence, 93 in Central Falls, 122 in Taurrton,
politan Joint Mixed Chorus which, all sky was publicly roundly condemned 206 Ь 241 in Woonsocket R.I.
else notwithstanding, is a worthy testi­ for juicing up Bach and others when he
monial to its inspired, enthusiastic added several extra instruments, espe­
patron-founder, then-apostolic admi­ cially string basses in order to generate a 1. Report and discussion
2. Election of District Committee Officers
nistrator and current Stamford Bishop "bigger," thicker sound effect. So,
3 Adoption of District Program fo: 1982
Basil H. Losten, who, incidentally, certainly a lesser license for musical
provided some lively concluding re­ revisionism obliges upon the Ukrainian Present at the Meeting will be
marks at this event. Metropolitan Chorus — and everyone W a s y l O l i c h O W S k y , UNA Supreme Organizer
The Metropolitan Chorus is com­ else, for that matter.
UNA District Committee
posed of some 100 of the finest singers No amount of ridiculous punting, so
gleaned from several parish choirs. to speak, would ever help the hapless
Now, were they only provided with Monday-morning quarterback in сар–
Summer 1982:




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GOT A 6-MONTH CD? Boys'Camp

Girls'Camp Г
June 1 9 - J u l y 3
July 3 - J u l y 17
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(Beginners 8. Advanced)
Roma Pryma Bohachevsky, instr July 18-31
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August 7-14
Ukrainian Cultural Courses August 1-14
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TRIDENT SUPER GIFT Peter Marunczak, instr August 15-28
Main Office Branch Office
For additional information, please write to:
7 6 0 Clinton Avenue 7 0 0 Sanford Avenue
Newark, N J . 07108 Newark, N J . 07106 SOYUZIVKA, UNA ESTATE
(201) 371 -1120 (201) 372-0303 Foordemore Rd. m Kerhonkson, NY. 12446 a Or call (914) 626-5641

A REPORT -`-. - -. (Continued from page 6)
wages were cut — 40 percent in the
FOR THE BULDING OF THE UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC mines and IS percent nationwide in
Few options were open to the ex­
HOLY FAMILY, WASHINGTON, D C . ploited. Not even the public schools
offered a way out. During the 1890s,
Press Release 016 (As of December 31, 1981)
more of Chicago's public school chil­
PART TWO : dren dropped out of school than gra­
duated. As late as 1938,' 10 percent of
go beyond elementary school and 75
(October 15, 1978 to December 31, 1981) percent never finished high school.

Dates Locations Parishes Memorials L . D o n a t i o .i s Total Then, as now, social theorists deve­
10/15/78 R i c h m o n d , Va. St. John t h e B a p t i s t 8 . 9 529,583.00 loped fantasies to justify current social
10/22/78 E l i z a b e t h , N. J . St. Vladimir 32 184 24,131.00 policies. Since the red man was "a
l l / 5 / 7 8 C a r t e r e t , N. J . menace" and the black man was I n ­
S t . Mary 12 58 6,767.00
ferior," placing them on reservations
11/12/78 P e r t h Amboy, N . J . A s s u m p t i o n o f B.V.M. 29 113 22,341.00 and j slave plantations was ultimately
11/19/78 N e w a r k , N. J . St. John t h e B a p t i s t 56 188 41,938.00 "for their own good."
11/26/78 Passaic, N.J. St. Nicholas 9 48 7,357.00
Reflecting the Calvinism of the
12/ 3 / 7 8 J e r s e y C i t y , N.Y. SS. P e t e r and P a u l 19 57 29,275.00 Puritans and the social Darwinism of
12/10/78 Bayonne, N . J . A s s u m p t i o n o f B.V.M. 6 26 3,928.00 Spencer, later policy apologists defined
1/21/79 Hillside, N.J. Immaculate Conception/BVM 7 27 5,821.00 poverty in terms of the inability of poor
1/28/79 Whippany, N . J . S t . John t h e B a p t i s t 16 21 10,236.00 people to "adapt." The rich had over­
1/28/79 Ramsey, N . J . St. Paul 1 7 1,130.00 come adversity, they argued, because
2/ 4/79 Manville, N.J. St. Michael 18 19 11,917.00 they were "fit."
2/11/79 Trenton, N.J. St. Josaphat 6 19 5,125.00 Another historical fantasy recently
2/18/79 Millville, N.J. St. Nicholas , 3 7 2,505.00 resurrected by the Conservative esta­
2/18/79 Woodbine, N . J . St. Nicholas 3 6 1,040.CO blishment is the bromide regarding
2/25/79 P h i l a d e l p h i a , Pa. I m m a c u l a t e C o n c e p t ion/BVM 21 56 20,797.00 local initiative. "We have drifted a long
3/ A/79 P h i l a d e l p h i a , Pa. A n n u n c i a t i o n o f BVM 10 15 9,975.00 way from the old moorings," writes
3/11/79 Philadelphia, Pa. 21 94 18,086.00 James Kilpatrick, ". . .from local
C h r i s t t h e King
3/18/79 9,217.00 responsibility."
B r i d g e p o r t , Pa. SS. P e t e r a n d P a u l 8 24
3/25/79 Philadelphia, Pa. 38 13,567.00 The doctrine that welfare is a local
St. Josaphat 21
4 / 1/79 17,758.00 responsibility is an did oiie. It'was
S y r a c u s e , N.Y. S t . John t h e B a p t i s t 27 46
articulated by President Franklin Pierce
4/29/79 Chester, Pa. Holy Ghost 13 23 11,555.00
in 1854 when he rejected federal in­
5/ 6 / 7 9 B a l t i m o r e , Md. St. Michael 11 32 9,354.00
volvement because, as 'he put it, "the
5/20/79 B r i s t o l , Pa. P a t r o n a g e o f BVM 5 4 4,730.00 fountains of charity will be dried Up at
5/27/79 Philadelphia, Pa. N a t i v i t y o f BVM 6 2 2,700.00 home'4 and the states will beepme
6/ 3/79 Wilmington, Del. St. Nicholas 8 18 , 7,763.00. ; "humble supplicants'lor" the bounty' of
6/ 3/79 Chesapeake C i t y , Md.St. B a s i l 6 3 3,565.00 the federal gowrtimnt?Vrib`htiTuLbdy
6/10/79 C u r t i s B a y , Md. SS. P e t e r and P a u l 3 21 1,330.00 for the poor andnndsrprivileged whose
6/24/79 Toronto, Ont. Holy E u c h a r i s t 4 3 8,690.00 options for most of American histbry
9/ 9/79 Berwick, Pa. SS. C y r i l and M e t h o d i u s ' 6 31 4,416.00 were generaily limited to mdehtuffed
9/16/79 F r a c k v i l l e , Pa. St. Michael 6 32 3,589.00 service, commitment to almshouses and
9/23/79 Shamokin, Pa. 10 57 10,738.00 occasional food parcels, the "fountain"
Holy T r a n s f i g u r a t i o n
9/30/79 234 9,794.00 was already dry. Left to the discretion of
Northampton, Pa. S t . John t h e B a p t i s t 19
10/14/79 local authorities, relief was: so limited,
Shenandoah, Pa. St. Michael 3 15 2,460.00
haphazard and fragmentary that, in
10/14/79 Mahanoy C i t y , P a . St. Nicholas 1 17 482.00
most instances, there was little if any
10/21/79 St. C l a i r , Pa. Holy T r i n i t y 7 18 4,973.00 permanent amelioration.
10/21/79 St. Clair, Pa. St. Nicholas 7 37 6,021.00
10/28/79 Centralia, Pa. A s s u m p t i o n o f BVM 3 12 17,372.00
And yet, despite the later hardships of
l l / 4/79 C l i f t o n H e i g h t s , Pa.SS. P e t e r and Paul 9 21 8,855.00
immigration and cyclical depressions,
11/11/79 Mount C a r m e l , P a . SS. P e t e r a n d P a u l 4 15 1,981.00
the local responsibility principle pre­
11/18/79 Parma, Ohio S t . Andrew 23 13 15,175.00
vailed. As late as 1931, when 8 million
11/18/79 Parma, Ohio St. Josaphat 32 39 35,050.00 , Americans were out of work, President
l l / 2 / 7 9 C l e v e l a n d , Ohio SS. P e t e r and P a u l 4 36 4,596.00 Herbert Hoover's Organization for
1 2 / 9 / 7 9 S. S i d e C l e v e l a n d , O . r a t r r o n a g e o f BVM 4 4 1,940.00 Unemployment Relief was still publiciz­
2/ 3/00 Bethlehem, Pa. St. Josaphat 23 16 15,525.00 ing the need for charity і reaffirming the
2/ 10/80 A l l e n t o w n , Pa. Immaculate Conccption/BVM 14 7 6,000.00 virtues of local control and calling for
2/ 17/00 Palmerton, Pa. St. Vladimir 2 19 820.00 the better "coordination" of local
2 / 2 4 / 8 0 W. E a s t o n , P a . Holy Ghost 15 ' 13 8,244.00 initiatives.
3/ 2 / 8 0 Brooklyn, N.Y. Holy Ghost 12 21 11,046.00
3/ 9 / 8 0 Johnson C i t y , N.Y. Sacred Heart of Jesus 16 , із 10,490.00 America has come a long way in
- 3/16/80 Minersville, Pa. St. Nicholas 42 ' 32 20,435.00 recent years, and it is for this that we owe
3/16/80 Middleport, Pa. N a t i v i t y o f BVM 6 4 2,025.00 a debt to divine providence. As we
3/23/80 Olyphant, Pa. reflect on our past in times such as these,
SS. C y r i l a n d M e t h o d i u s 11 19 73,750.00
3/30/80 F r e s h M e a d o w s , N . Y . A n n u n c i a t i o n o f BVM we should be wary of those who cling to
17 7 15,265.00
4/20/8Г) romantic fantasies and develop policy
Phoenixville, Pa. SS. P e t e r and P a u l 10 12 4.685.00
on the basis of doctrinal optimism; if
4/27/80 Lansdale, Pa. P r e s e n t a t i o n o f Our Lord 9 6 9,747.00 our nation is to remain the beacon of
4/27/80 Quakertown, Pa. St. Basil 1 300.GO hope for the oppressed and the e x ­
5/ 4/80 Edwardsvllle, Pa. St. Vladimir 4 47 4,429.00 ploited of the world, we cannot, we dare
5/ 4/80 Plymouth, Pa. SS. Pete`r and P a u l 4 71 2,751.50 not, rum back. `;IK-!
5/11/80 Wilkes Barre, Pa. S S . P e t e r (, P a u l 5 17 2,586.00
5/25/80 Glen Spey, N.Y. S t . Volodymyr 4 15 12,300.00
6/ 8/80 Simpson, Pa. SS. P e t e r a n d P a u l 2 22 . 1,657.00
6/15/80 McAdoo, P a . P a t r o n a g e o f BVM 18 19 7,984.00
6/29/00 M a n a s s a s , Va. S t . Mary 3 4 2,090.00 Epic of Past Glory! `
E p i p h a n y c f Our L o r d 0 57 6,560.00
101 5 / 8 0
R o c h e s t e r , N.Y.
B u f f a l o , N.Y. St. Nicholas 33 71 20,069.00
10/12/00 L a n c a s t e r , N.Y. St. Basil 2 7 773.00 by Yuriy Buriakiwec
10/19/00 N i a g a r a F a l l s , N,Y S t . Mary 11 6 4,195.00 452 pp. New York, 1982.
10/26/00 Lackawanna, N.Y. Our L a d y o f P e r p e t u a l Help 22 6 21,515.00 Published in Ukrainian.
l l / 2/80 U t i c a , N.Y. S t . Volodymyr 2 9 602.00 Recommended for our friends
Victor Kachur, Secretary
; (Continued Qnpa^t (5)

Manor announces A report...

optometry program (CoattDued from page 14)

JENKINTOWN, Pa. - The Penn­ 111 9/80 Amsterdam, N.Y. S t . Nicholas 9 30 11,404.00
sylvania College of Optometry and 11/15/80 S t . J o h n e v l l l e , N.Y. Immaculate ConceptIon/BVM 1 25.00
Manor Junior College have announced 11/16/OC Rome, N.Y. S t . Michael 1 2 350.00
the establishment of the joint optome- 11/16/80 L i t t l e F a l l s , N.Y. S t . Nicholas 3 5 3,042.00
tric technician program. 11/23/80 Watervliet, N.Y. S t . Nicholas 25 31 15,506.00
An optometric technician is educated 11/30/80 Cohoes, N.Y. SS. Peter a Paul 10 15 5,443.00
and trained to perform a variety of 12/14/80 Troy, N.Y. Protection of BVM 9 10 5,700.00
patient-care procedures under the direct 12/21/80 Yorkton, Sask. Mother of Perpetual Help 7 4,425.00
supervision of an optometrist Techni­
cal skills include pre-examination, 12/31/80 Winnipeg, Man. S t . Joseph 3 7 4,120.00
screening, and special testing proce­ 1/25/80 Saskatoon, Sask. SS. Peter ф Paul 2 1 4,350.00
dures, frame styling and dispensing, 2/ 1/81 New B r i t a i n , Conn. S t . Josaphat 14 13 8,830.00
contort lens assisting, and vision train­ 2/ 8/81 Ludlow, Mass. SS. Peter and Paul 4 0 1,650.00
ing administration and procedures. 2/ 8/81 St D e e r f i e l d , Mass. Holy Ghost 3 4 1,695.00
The two-year program provides gene­ 2/15/81 Hartford, Conn. S t . Michael 35 18 27,500.00
ral education, technical coursework and 2/15/81 Glastonbury, Conn. St. John the Baptist 5 2 2,910.00
clinical experience leading to an asso­ 2/22/81 T e r r y v i l l e , Conn. S t . Michael 30 12 19,247.00
ciate of science degree. It is one of only 15 3/ 1/01 Wil'limatic, Conn. Protection of BVM 11 10 7,605.00
similar programs in the United States 3/ 8/81 Colchester, Conn. S t . Mary 7 u 4,497.00
and the only in the Middle Atlantic area 3/15/31 Bridgeport, Conn. Protection of BVM 13 7 9,980.00
associated with a college of optometry. 3/22/81 New Haven, Conn. S t . Michael 34 26 32,950.00
The optometric technician program 3/29/81 Boston, Mass. Christ the King 22 22 16,873.00
is Manor's sixth program within their 4/ 5/81 Elmira H g t s . , N.Y. S t . Nicholas 4 11 3,562.00
Allied Health Division, and it is PCO's 4/ 5/81 Bath, N. Y. Christ the King 9 500.00
second joint program. Recruitment of
4/12/01 Hempstead, N.Y. St. Vladimir 20 4 16,050.00
students and placement of graduates is
expected throughout the Middle Atlan­ 5 / 3/01 Auburn, N.Y. SS. Peter and Paul 15 25 11,290.00
tic Region. The first class is scheduled to 5/10/01 Woonsocket, R.I. S t . Michael 6 6 4,750.00
be admitted for fall 1982. 5/10/01 F a l l River, Mass. S t . John the Baptist 13 3 6,250.00
Manor's faculty and facilities will 5/17/01 Ozone Park, N.Y. Patronage of BVM 24 5 13,700.00
provide the general education course- 5/24/81 Manchester, N.H. P r o t e c t i o n of BVM 10 14 10,570.00
work, preparing the students for an 5/31/01 Salem, Mass. St. John the Baptist 9 2 5,260.00
active role in people-oriented health 9/27/81 Staten Island,N.Y. Holy T r i n i t y 15 1 9,300.00
care and for continued personal growth. 10/ 4/01 Riverhead, N.Y. St. John the Baptist 16 13 11,323.00
The technical course work will be 10/11/81 Brooklyn, N.Y. S t . Nicholas 9 24 5,064.00
offered at PCO, with lectures and 10/18/81 West I s l i p , N.Y. Holy T r i n i t y 1 6 1,070.00
laboratories addressing a wide scope of 10/25/81 Spring V a l l e y , N.Y. SS. Peter (, Paul 10 10 29,370.00
patient care skills. Students are assigned l l / 1/81 P i t t s f i e l d , Mass. S t . John the Baptist 4 14 2,400.25
to over 500 hours of clinical experience l l / 1/81 Hudson, N.Y. S t . Nicholas 3 17 1,256.00
primarily in the Eye Institute. l l / 8/81 Dearborn H g t s . , MI. Our Ledy of Perpetual Help26 32 14,481.00
Admission requirements and further 11/15/81 Dearborn, Mich. St. Michael C 6 4,560.00
information regarding the optometric 11/22/81 D e t r o i t , Mich. S t . John the Baptist 34 25 18,583.00
technician program are available from: 11/22/81 Hamtramck, Mich. Immaculate Conception /BVM - 50 716.00
Admissions Office, Manor Junior Col­
lege, Fox Chase Road and Forrest Ave., 11/29/81 Warren, Mich. S t . Josaphat 1 9 3 74.00
Jenkintown, Pa. 19046,(215)884-2216. 11/29/01 Madison, 111. S t . Mary-Protection 5 2 4,512.00
11/29/01 S t . Louis, Mo. S t . Mary-Assumption 0 10 4,646.00
12/ 6/01 F l i n t , Mich. S t . Vladimir's 11 1 6,400.00
(Contfaocd from page 9)
which accompanied a recent Times TOTAL FROM 115 PARISHES AS OF DECEMBER 31, 1901 1348 2810 1,112,939.25
feature story "Where to Texas Two-
Step or Czardas Any Night." Said Mrs. TOTAL FROM HOLY FAMILY FARISH, WASHINGTON, D. C.,
Herman: "Folk dancing is one of the AS OF DECEMBER 31, 1901 204 96 749,859.00
few activities that incorporate every­
thing. As you dance, you get to use your
partner.'' The Hermans offer weekly
evening programs, which they call
"Folk Dance House," at churches in the ( S e p t . 14, 1975 - Dec. 31 1981)
suburbs, and teach once a week at the
George Tomov Studio in Manhattan Benefactors Amount Pledged Cash R e c e i v e d
and at the Brightwaters Library in Bay
Shore, Long Island.
о Baritone George Bohacbevsky and
204 Memorials from t h e Holy Family 5 734 664 . 0 0 5 464,191.20
ballet dancer Tans Kstlba were among Ukrainian C a t h o l i c P a r i s h
New York City Opera company regu­ Washington, DJ.C.
lars who were praised by Times critic
Bernard Holland for their perfor­ 96 Lesser Donations from 15 195 . 0 0 15,027.50
mances in "La Traviata," the company's
spring season opener. Mr. Holland Holy Family P a r i s h ,
noted the "competent" work of Mr. Washington, D.C.
Bohachevsky and several other cast
members, and described Mr. Kalba and 1390 Memorials from t h e United S t a t e s 1,104, 818 . 0 0 812,144.61
his partner, Esperanza Galan, as "at­
tractive dancers." of America
" Oil paintings by New York artist
Labodav Hutsaliuk are on view this 2790 Lesser Donations from t h e 70, 548 00 70,548.00
weekend at the Lewy Gallery in Chi­ United S t a t e s of America
cago. The exhibit is being presented by
the Pershi Stezhi Plast unit. 21 Memorials from Canada 57, 032 00 45,791.40
e "Hitler's Children," a gripping
movie directed in 1943 by Edward
Dmytryk and starring Bonita Granville, 62 Lesser Donations from Canada 2, 643 00 2,643.00
Tim Holt and Otto Kruger, was shown
on WOR-TV Channel 9 on February 6. 1 Memorial from the Ukrainian Redemptorist 57, 800. 00 57,800.00
о Pianist Thomas Hrynklw will F a t h e r s of t h e United S t a t e s and Canada
perform the Shumann Piano Quintet
during a noontime appearance with the
Concertium Ensemble at Lehmann (Continued on page 16)
College in the Bronx on March 26.

A report. Woman's letter..

(Continuedfromp u t 1)
(Continued from page 15)
a good doctor and teacher," she ob-
1 Memorial from Special Occasion at 1,000.00 1,000.00 In 1977, she married a good man,
Holy Family Parish, Washington, D.C. who was orphaned early in life. She
realized that indeed she was not the only
person who had lived a hard life, there
were others. Her husband, Vasia, had
204 Lesser Donations from Special 4,527.00 4,527.00 lost his father in 1954. The father had
been in the army during the war, he had
Occasions at Holy Family left his home a strong, cheerful man and
Parish, Washington, D.C. had returned a cripple. He died in Lviv,
in an army hospital and his family could
3 Memorials from Special Occasions in 1,800.00 1,800.00 not pay to have his body transported to
United States of America his home town.
Vasia's mother died soon afterwards
never surviving the tragedy of her
117 Lesser Donations from Special 5,097.00 5,097.00 husband's life. Vasia was raised by his
Occasions in United States of uncle, but he, too, died, and the orphan
America was on his own to earn his daily bread.
Having no place to live, he applied for a
communal apartment. He was on the
1 Lesser Donation from Scotland 285.50 285.50 waiting list from 1971, and as of 1980 he
was strfl waiting for an apartment.
1 Lesser Donation from Australia 54.00 54.00 Vasia believed he was guaranteed an
apartment. He had a job in manage-
1 Lesser Donation from Italy ment, he was a Soviet citizen, "he had
50.00 50.00 therightto get an place to live; he had a
guaranteed right... He had therightto
1 Lesser Donation from Germany 50.00 50.00 have no rights," writes his wife.
Thus, they both started to write
1 Lesser Donation from Venezuela 50.00 50.00 letters to all the authorities to get living
quarters. "Letters, statements, deposi-
tions, complaints. The result of this was
1 Lesser Donation from England 10.00 10.00 that they got in touch with us, they
asked for my internal passport. They
1620 MEMORIALS AND 3275 LESSER DONATIONS wanted to examine it, and re-examine it
FOR A GENERAL TOTAL OF 52,055,573.50 51,481,069.21 and re-re-examine it Then they took
my husband off the waiting list for an
apartment. No more illusions."
By that time, the Shyliuks had a son.
Ms. Shyliuk wri,tes that she does not
know whether he is a citizen of the
Soviet Union, for he, like his parents,
was never registered. Therefore, she
writes, this means that formally he does
RECAPITULATION not exist He lives in reality, but because
he is not registered, he is not alive in the
eyes of the Soviet government. In fact,
(Sept. 14, 1975 - Dec. 31, 1981) neither do his parents exist.
The letter goes on to say:
"Our complaints to the government
continue. We are awaiting the birth of
Total costs re: acquisition of site 5 308,312.31 our second child. We live in a wood-
shed. The government has served us
Total costs re: construction of Parish Shrine Center 1,939,973.45 with papers that don't allow us to live in
the Soviet Union. They have given us
therightnot to live in the Soviet Union.
Total costs re: furnishing of Parish Shrine Center 124,812.64 They have given us the right to a
criminal offense for not having the
papers needed to live in the Soviet
Total costs re: Memorial Fund Raising Campaign 52,252.52 Union; the papers they took from us."
"The irony of fate?' No. We are
Total costs re: acquisition of loans 22,780.81 Christians, who fight for our ideals. Our
fight is not easy. And we have no more
strength to Tight. AH we have left is the
payments on capital 326,877.39 energy to write to the government and
ask to be released from the Soviet
payments on interest 137,422.25 Union. We have a guaranteedright.The
result? Formally, we have been released
- we no longer are registered in the
GENERAL TOTAL OF COSTS: 52,912,431.37 Soviet Union. In reality, we are still
living on the territory of the Soviet
Union. We are living but where?'A
GENERAL TOTAL OF PAYMENTS: 52,267,308.76 woodshed is not a home. My father did
not give his life for the woodshed. He
OUTSTANDING LOANS: died for a better and brighter future for
his children, living all along in a small
house in the 'miserable past/
Providence Association S388.606.50 "A tragedy? No. These are the straight
facts. The facts about ourrights,our
Ukrainian National Association 234,516.11 guaranteed rights. The rights of the
Soviet citizen," the letter ends.
The fate of the Shyliuk family is not
Parish Promissory Notes 22,000.00 known.

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