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Factors that Determine Time Allotment

Importance of the Subject Childs Ability Grade Level Average Number of Days

Determining time allotment is one of the seven steps in curriculum design. In 1963, an American psychologist, John Bissell Carroll states that time is the most important variable to school learning. Carroll defined degree of learning as time actually spent in learning divided by the time needed for leaning. He explains that time spent is the result of opportunity and perseverance. Opportunity is determined by the classroom teacher and perseverance is the students involvement with academic content; the specific measure is called allotted or allocated time. According to the works of Anderson (1983), Bloom (1976), and Fisher et al., (1980) allocated time is the amount of time specified for an activity or events. In designing curriculum, we need to analyze the objective and content of the curriculum to be able to estimate the time requirements. And there are several factors to be considered in determining time allotment that influence in the result or the outcome of the curriculum design. First is the importance of the subject, where the portion of classroom time spent teaching students particular knowledge, concepts, and skills. Second is the Childs ability or the capacity of the learner to understand instruction. Third is the grade level or the series of educational level. And last is the average number of days or the amount of time spent in school in a year.

Summary of the Report

Importance of the Subject
Address the learners needs and interest according to the goal of the curriculum Determine the amount of time to be spent on each subject

Childs Ability
Determine the amount of time the learner is willing to engage actively in learning. Time allotment must agree with the childs readiness for the learning material and/or experiences.

John Daniel P. Gumban | Factors That Determine Time Allotment

August 24, 2013


Grade Level
Increasing attention-span of the learners upon their maturity, age and development.

Average Number of Days

Determine the total available time Consider the public holidays, and special school occasions.

Issues and Concern

1. If the learner does not spend any time for independent studying, learning can take place only during contact teaching hours. 2. The negative attitude and character of the learner that affects the allotted time in learning. 3. There is a waste of time if the teacher does not have enough knowledge/mastery of the subject. 4. The unexpected class suspension that can affect the total available time.

1. 2. 3. 4. The learner should spend a quality time of independent studying. The teacher must seek the help of the parents in disciplining their child. The teacher must have enough knowledge/mastery of the subject. Should have enough buffer time to have make-up classes.


Policy Guidelines on the Implementation of Grades 1 To 10 of the K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) Effective School Year 2012-2013. DepEd Order No. 31, s. 2012 Kathleen Cotton. (1989). Close-Up #8: Educational Time Factors. School Improvement Research Series. U.S. Department of Education. McIlrath, D., & Huitt, W. (1995, December). The teaching-learning process: A discussion of models. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosa, GA: Valdosa State University. Karjalainen, A., Alha, K., & Jutila, S., (2006). Give Me To Think: Determining Student Workload In Higher Education. Ministry of Education, Finland. School Calendar for the School Year (SY) 2013-2014. DepEd Order No. 10, s. 2013

Factors That Determine Time Allotment | John Daniel P. Gumban