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EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR THE SAFETY OF AIR NAVIGATION

EUROCONTROL

EUROCONTROL STANDARD DOCUMENT FOR

SURVEILLANCE DATA EXCHANGE Part 12


Transmission of ADS-B Messages

SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-12-01

Edition Edition Date Status Class

: : : :

0.12 February 2001 Working Draft General Public

EUROPEAN AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME

DOCUMENT IDENTIFICATION SHEET

DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION
Document Title Surveillance Data Exchange - Part 12 Transmission of ADS-B Messages EWP DELIVERABLE REFERENCE NUMBER PROGRAMME REFERENCE INDEX SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-12-01 EDITION : EDITION DATE : 0.12 February 2001

Abstract This document describes the application of ASTERIX to ADS-B.

ASTERIX

Category 21

Keywords Service Messages

CONTACT PERSON :

C. Leclerc

TEL : 3355

UNIT :

DIS/COM

DOCUMENT STATUS AND TYPE STATUS Working Draft Draft Proposed Issue Released Issue CATEGORY Executive Task Specialist Task Lower Layer Task CLASSIFICATION General Public EATMP Restricted

o o o

o o

o o

ELECTRONIC BACKUP INTERNAL REFERENCE NAME : HOST SYSTEM MEDIA Microsoft Windows Type : Hard disk Media Identification :

SOFTWARE(S)

Surveillance Data Exchange - Part 12


Transmission of ADS-B Messages SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-12-01

DOCUMENT APPROVAL The following table identifies all management authorities who have successively approved the present issue of this document.

AUTHORITY SURT Chairman COMT Chairman EATMP Project Leader

NAME AND SIGNATURE

DATE

M. Rees

G. Bailey

W. Philipp

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DOCUMENT CHANGE RECORD The following table records the complete history of the successive editions of the present document.

EDITION 0.10 0.11 0.12

DATE Dec. 1999 Mar. 2000 Feb. 2001

REASON FOR CHANGE Creation of Eurocontrol document Modifications in items Creation of UAP Modifications in items and UAP

SECTIONS PAGES AFFECTED ALL ALL ALL

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DOCUMENT IDENTIFICATION SHEET ................................................................................ ii DOCUMENT APPROVAL ..................................................................................................... v DOCUMENT CHANGE RECORD ........................................................................................ vi 1. 1.1 2. 2.1 2.2 3. 3.1 3.2 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................... 1 Scope ....................................................................................................................... 1 References ................................................................................................................ 2 General ...................................................................................................................... 2 Reference Documents .............................................................................................. 2 Definitions, acronyms and abbreviations ............................................................... 3 Definitions ................................................................................................................. 3 Acronyms and Abbreviations................................................................................... 4 GENERAL PRINCIPLES ............................................................................................ 5 General ...................................................................................................................... 5 Time Management..................................................................................................... 5 Unused Bits in Data Items........................................................................................ 5 User Application Profile and Data Blocks ............................................................... 6 Composition of Messages........................................................................................ 6

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5. 5.1 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6 5.2.7 5.2.8 5.2.9 5.2.10 5.2.11 5.2.12 5.2.13 5.2.14 5.2.15 5.2.16 5.2.17 5.2.18 5.2.19 5.2.20 5.3

LAYOUT OF MESSAGES .......................................................................................... 7 Standard Data Items ................................................................................................. 7 Description of Standard Data Items ........................................................................ 8 Data Item I021/010, Data Source Identification.................................................... 8 Data Item I021/020, Emitter Category.................................................................. 9 Data Item I021/030, Time of Day ....................................................................... 10 Data Item I021/035, Time of Receipt ................................................................. 10 Data Item I021/080, Aircraft Address ................................................................. 11 Data Item I021/090, Figure of Merit ................................................................... 12 Data Item I021/095, Velocity Accuracy............................................................... 12 Data Item I021/100, Event Report Reason......................................................... 13 Data Item I021/110, Projected Profile ............................................................... 14 Data Item I021/130, Position in WGS-84 Co-ordinates................................... 16 Data Item I021/140, Altitude ........................................................................... 17 Data Item I021/145, Flight Level..................................................................... 17 Data Item I021/147, Selected Flight Level ...................................................... 17 Data Item I021/150, Air Vector ....................................................................... 18 Data Item I021/160, Ground Vector................................................................ 19 Data Item I021/165, Rate Of Turn ................................................................. 20 Data Item I021/170, Target Identification........................................................ 21 Data Item I021/180, Mode-3/A Code .............................................................. 22 Data Item I021/190, Aircraft Type................................................................... 22 Data Item I021/200, Target Status ................................................................. 23 User Application Profile for Category 021............................................................. 24

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1. 1.1
1.1.1 1.1.2

INTRODUCTION Scope
This document describes the structure for the transmission of ADS-B messages. This document defines the data out of Category 021.

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2. 2.1

REFERENCES General
The following Documents and Standards contain provisions which, through references in this text, constitute provisions of this Eurocontrol Standard Document. At the time of publication of this Eurocontrol Standard Document, the editions indicated for the referenced documents and standards were valid. Any revision of the referenced ICAO Documents shall be immediately taken into account to revise this Eurocontrol Standard Document. Revisions of the other referenced documents shall not form part of the provisions of this Eurocontrol Standard Document until they are formally reviewed and incorporated into this Eurocontrol Standard Document. In the case of a conflict between the requirements of this Eurocontrol Standard Document and the contents of the other referenced documents, this Eurocontrol Standard Document shall take precedence.

2.2

Reference Documents
1. 2. Eurocontrol Standard 000-1-92. Directives for the Uniform Drafting and Presentation of Eurocontrol Standard Documents. 1992. Eurocontrol Standard SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-01-01. All Purpose Structured Eurocontrol suRveillance Information Exchange - ASTERIX, edition 1.26 November 2000. Minimum Aviation System Performance Standards for ADS-B, RTCA/DO242, February 19, 1998. Automatic Dependent Surveillance Requirements SUR/ET3/ST06.3220/001, edition 0.8 November 2000.

3. 4.

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3. 3.1

DEFINITIONS, ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS Definitions


For the purposes of this Eurocontrol Document, the following definitions shall apply:

3.1.1

Catalogue of Data Items: Data Block:

List of all the possible Data Items of each Data Category describing the Data Items by their reference, structure, size and units (where applicable). Unit of information seen by the application as a discrete entity by its contents. A Data Block contains one or more Record(s) containing data of the same category. Classification of the data in order to permit inter alia an easy identification. Physical implementation for the purpose of communication of a Data Item, it is associated with a unique Field Reference Number and is the smallest unit of transmitted information. The smallest unit of information in each Data Category. A collection of transmitted Data Fields of the same category preceded by a Field Specification field, signalling the presence/absence of the various Data Fields The mechanism for assigning Data Items to Data Fields, and containing all necessary information which needs to be standardised for the successful encoding and decoding of the messages.

3.1.2

3.1.3 3.1.4

Data Category: Data Field:

3.1.5 3.1.6

Data Item: Record:

3.1.7

User Application Profile:

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3.2

Acronyms and Abbreviations


For the purposes of this Eurocontrol Document, the following shall apply: ADS-B ASTERIX Degree (angle) Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast All Purpose STructured Eurocontrol suRveillance Information EXchange Data Category European Air Traffic Management Programme Field Reference Number Field Specification Field Extension Indicator International Civil Aviation Organization Length Indicator Least Significant Bit Primary Surveillance Radar Reserved Expansion Indicator Field Repetition Indicator second, unit of time System Area Code Surveillance Data Processing System System Identification Code Special Purpose Indicator Secondary Surveillance Radar Surveillance Task Force on Radar Data Exchange Surveillance Team (EATMP) User Application Profile (see Definitions ) Co-ordinated Universal Time World Geodetic System 84

CAT EATMP FRN FSPEC FX ICAO LEN LSB PSR RE REP s SAC SDPS SIC SP SSR STFRDE SURT UAP UTC WGS-84

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4. 4.1

GENERAL PRINCIPLES General


This document describes the application of ASTERIX to ADS-B target reports.

4.2

Time Management
The timestamping shall comply with ICAO Annex 5.

4.3

Unused Bits in Data Items.


Decoders of ASTERIX data shall never assume and rely on specific settings of spare or unused bits. However in order to improve the readability of binary dumps of ASTERIX records, it is recommended to set all spare bits to zero.

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4.4
4.5.1

User Application Profile and Data Blocks


A single User Application Profile (UAP) is defined and shall be used for ADS-B messages. Data Blocks shall have the following layout.

4.5.2

CAT = 021

LEN

FSPEC

Items of the first record

FSPEC

Items of the last record

where: 4.5 4.6.1 Data Category (CAT) = 021, is a one-octet field indicating that the Data Block contains Session and Service Control messages; Length Indicator (LEN) is a two-octet field indicating the total length in octets of the Data Block, including the CAT and LEN fields; FSPEC is the Field Specification.

Composition of Messages Messages shall be composed of Data Items assembled in the order defined by the Field Reference Number (FRN) in the associated UAP. When sent, items shall always be transmitted in a Record with the corresponding FSPEC bits set to one.

4.6.2

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5.
5.1

LAYOUT OF MESSAGES
Standard Data Items The standardised Data Items which shall be used for the transmission of ADS-B messages are defined in Table 1 and described in the following pages. Table 1 - Data Items of Category 021 Data Item Reference Number I021/010 I021/020 I021/030 I021/035 I021/080 I021/090 I021/095 I021/100 I021/110 I021/130 I021/140 I021/145 I021/147 I021/150 I021/160 I021/165 I021/170 I021/180 I021/190 I021/200 Description
Data Source Identification Emitter Category Time of Day Time of Receipt Aircraft Address Figure of Merit Velocity Accuracy Event Report Reason Projected Profile Position in WGS-84 co-ordinates Altitude Flight Level Selected Flight Level Air Vector Ground Vector Rate of Turn Target Identification Mode-3/A Code Aircraft Type Target Status

System Units N.A. N.A. 1/128 s -15 2 s N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 180/223 6.25 ft FL FL N.A. N.A. /s N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

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5.2
5.2.1

Description of Standard Data Items


Data Item I021/010, Data Source Identification Definition : Identification of the ADS-B station providing information Format : Two-octet fixed length Data Item Structure:
Octet no. 1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10
SAC

Octet no. 2 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

SIC

bits-16/9 bits 8/1 NOTE -

(SAC) (SIC)

System Area Code System Identification Code

The defined SACs are listed in Part 1, Table 2 [Ref. 2]

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5.2.2

Data Item I021/020, Emitter Category Definition : Characteristics of the originating ADS-B unit Format : One-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

ECAT

Bits-8/1

(ECAT) 1 = light aircraft <= 7000 kg 2 = reserved 3 = 7000 kg < medium aircraft < 136000 kg 4 = reserved 5 = 136000 kg <= heavy aircraft 6 = highly manoeuvrable (5g acceleration capability) and high speed (>400 knots cruise) 7 to 9 = reserved 10 = rotocraft 11 = glider / sailplane 12 = lighter-than-air 13 = unmanned aerial vehicle 14 = space / transatmospheric vehicle 15 = ultralight / handglider / paraglider 16 = parachutist / skydiver 17 to 19 = reserved 20 = surface emergency vehicle 21 = surface service vehicle 22 = fixed ground or tethered obstruction 23 to 24 = reserved

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5.2.3

Data Item I021/030, Time of Day Definition : Time of applicability (measurement) of the reported position, in the form of elapsed time since last midnight, expressed as UTC. Format : Three-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17
Time

Octet no. 2 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9
Of Day

Octet no. 3 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
LSB

bit-16

(LSB)

= 2-7 s = 1/128 s

NOTE - The time of the day value is reset to zero at every midnight. 5.2.4 Data Item I021/035, Time of Receipt Definition : Absolute time stamping at which the surveillance report was received by the station, in the form of elapsed time since last midnight, expressed as UTC. Format : Four-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 Octet no. 2

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17
Time

Octet no. 3 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

Octet no. 4 5 4 3 2 1
LSB

Of Receipt

bit-16

(LSB)

= 2-15 s = approx.30s

NOTE - The time of the day value is reset to zero at every midnight.

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5.2.5

Data Item I021/080, Aircraft Address Definition: Format: Structure:


Octet no. 1 21 20 19
Aircraft

Aircraft address (emitter identifier) assigned uniquely to each aircraft. Three-octet fixed length Data Item.

24

23

22

18

17 Octet no. 3 5 4 3

16

15

14

Octet no. 2 13 12 11

10

Address

bits-24/1

24-bits aircraft address, A23 to A0

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5.2.6

Data Item I021/090, Figure of Merit Definition : ADS figure of merit (FOM) provided by the aircraft avionics Format : One-octet fixed length Data Item Structure:
Octet no. 1 8
AC

7
MN

6
DC

4
PA

1
0

Bit-8 Bit-7 Bit-6 Bits-5/2


Bit-1

(AC) (MN) (DC) (PA)

0 = ACAS not operational 1 = ACAS operational 0 = Multiple navigational aids not operating 1 = Multiple navigational aids operating 0 = Differential correction 1 = No differential correction Position Accuracy
spare bit set to zero

NOTE - Bits-5/2 (PA) code the Navigational Uncertainty Categories Position as described in the ADS-B MASPS [Ref. 3] 5.2.7 Data Item I021/095, Velocity Accuracy Definition : Velocity uncertainty category of the least accurate velocity component Format : One-octet fixed length Data Item Structure:
Octet no. 1 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Velocity Uncertainty Category

NOTE - Bits-8/1 code the Navigational Uncertainty Categories Velocity as described in the ADS-B MASPS [Ref. 3]

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5.2.8

Data Item I021/100, Event Report Reason Definition : Indication of the reason why an ADS-B event report has been issued Format : One-octet fixed length Data Item Structure:
Octet no. 1 8
0

7
0

6
0

5
0

Event Reason

Bits-8/5 Bits-4/1

spare bits set to zero (Event Reason)


0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Lateral deviation change. Vertical rate change. Altitude threshold. Way point change. Air speed change. Ground speed change. Heading change. Extended projected profile change. Figure of merit change. Track angle change.

10 Altitude change. 11 to 15 Not permitted.

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5.2.9

Data Item I021/110, Projected Profile Definition : Reports indicating the predicted position and altitude of the aircraft at some points in time. Format : One-octet repetition factor, followed by a series of 11-octet reports Structure:
96 95 94 Octet no. 1 93 92 91 REP 90 89 Octet no. 3

Octet no. 2

88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73
Altitude LSB

Octet no. 4

Octet no. 5

72 71 70 69 68 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57
Latitude in WGS - 84

Octet no. 6

Octet no. 7

56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41
LSB

Octet no. 8

Octet no. 9

40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25
Longitude in WGS - 84 LSB

Octet no. 10

Octet no. 11 9
LSB

24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10
TTA TTG

Octet no. 12 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

TCA NC

TCP number

bits-96/89 bits-88/73 bits-72/49

(REP) (Altitude) (Latitude)

Repetition Factor LSB= 10ft -1500 ft <= altitude <= 150000 ft In WGS.84 in twos complement. -90 <= latitude <= 90 deg. LSB = 180/2 deg. -05 = approx.2.145767*10 deg.
23

bits-48/25

(Longitude)

In WGS.84 in twos complement. -180 <= longitude <= 180 deg. LSB = 180/2 deg. -05 = approx.2.145767*10 deg.
23

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Bit-24 Bits-23/9 Bit-8 Bit-7 Bits-6/1

(TTA) (TTG) (TCA) (NC)

= 0 TTG available = 1 TTG not available Time to Go LSB = 0.125 minute = 0 TCP number available = 1 TCP number not available = 0 TCP compliance = 1 TCP non-compliance

(TCP Number) Trajectory Change Point number

NOTES 1. TTG is relative to I021/030 Time of Day. 2. NC is set to one when the aircraft will not fly the path described by the TCP data. 3. TCP numbers start from zero.

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5.2.10

Data Item I021/130, Position in WGS-84 Co-ordinates Definition : Position in WGS-84 Co-ordinates. Format : Six-octet fixed length Data Item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 Octet no. 2

48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33
Latitude in WGS - 84

Octet no. 3

Octet no. 4

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17
LSB

Octet no. 5 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

Octet no. 6 5 4 3 2 1
LSB

Longitude in WGS - 84

bits-48/26 bit 25

(Latitude) (LSB)

In WGS.84 in twos complement. Range -90 <= latitude <= 90 deg.


23 = 180/2 degrees -05 = 2.145767 * 10 degrees.

This corresponds to a resolution of at least 2.4 meters bits-24/2 Bit-1 (Longitude) (LSB) In WGS.84 in twos complement. Range -180 <= longitude <= 180 deg.
23 = 180/2 degrees -05 = 2.145767 * 10 degrees

This corresponds to a resolution of at least 2.4 meters.

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5.2.11

Data Item I021/140, Altitude Definition : Minimum altitude from a plane tangent to the earths ellipsoid, defined by WGS-84. Format : Two-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Octet no. 2 5 4 3 2 1 LSB

Altitude

bit 16/1

-1500 ft <= Altitude <= 150000 ft (LSB) = 6.25 ft

NOTES 1. LSB is required to be thinner than 10 ft by ICAO 2. Definition taken from paragraph 4.2.3.2 Altitude of [Ref. 4] 5.2.12 Data Item I021/145, Flight Level Definition : Flight Level from barometric measurements, not QNH corrected, in twos complement form. Format : Two-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Octet no. 2 5 4 3 2 1 LSB

Flight Level

bit 16/1 5.2.13

-15 FL <= Flight Level <= 1500 FL (LSB) = 1/4 FL

Data Item I021/147, Selected Flight Level Definition : Aircrew selected Flight Level as input in the Mode Control Panel (MCP) or equivalent, in twos complement form. Format : Two-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 V 9 8 7 6 Octet no. 2 5 4 3 2 1 LSB

Selected Flight Level

Bit 16 Bits 15/1 NOTE -

(V) = 0 valid selected flight level = 1 invalid selected flight level -15 FL <= Selected Flight Level <= 1500 FL (LSB) = 1/4 FL

The data is only valid (V = 0) when the aircraft is being flown in automatic flight mode.

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5.2.14

Data Item I021/150, Air Vector Definition : Calculated Air Speed, Heading and Vertical Rate. Format : Six-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 Octet no. 2 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 IM Air Speed LSB

Octet no. 3

Octet no. 4

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Heading Octet no. 5 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Octet no. 6 5 4 3 2 1 LSB LSB

Vertical Rate

Bit-48

(IM) = 0 Air Speed = IAS, LSB (bit-33) = 2-14 NM/s = 1 Air Speed = Mach, LSB (bit-33) = 0.001 Air Speed (IAS or Mach) Heading (LSB) = 360 / 216 = 0.0055

bits 47-33 bits 32-17 bits 16-1

Vertical Rate in two's complement form (LSB) = 6.25 feet/minute

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5.2.15

Data Item I021/160, Ground Vector Definition : Ground Speed, Track Angle and Vertical Rate. Format : Six-Octet fixed length data item. Structure:
Octet no. 1 Octet no. 2 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 Ground Speed LSB

Octet no. 3

Octet no. 4

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Track Angle Octet no. 5 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 Octet no. 6 5 4 3 2 1 LSB LSB

Vertical Rate

bits 48-33

Ground Speed in twos complement form (LSB) = 2-14 NM/s 0.22 kt Maximum value = +/- 1 NM/s = +/-3600kt Track Angle (LSB)
16 = 360 / 2 = 0.0055

bits 32-17 bits 16-1

Vertical Rate in two's complement form (LSB) = 6.25 feet/minute

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5.2.16

Data Item I021/165, Rate Of Turn Definition : Rate of Turn, in twos complement form. Format : Variable length data item, comprising a first part of one-octet, followed by a one-octet extent as necessary. Structure of First Part:
Octet no. 1 8 TI 7 6 0 5 0 4 0 3 0 2 0 1 FX

Bits-8/7

Bits-6/2 Bit 1

Turn Indicator 00 = Left 01 = Right 10 = Straight 11 = Not available spare bits set to zero (FX) = 0 End of Data Item = 1 Extension into next extent

(TI)

Structure of First Extent:


Octet no. 1 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Rate of Turn

LSB FX

Bits-8/2

Rate of Turn -2 (LSB) = 2 /s = 1/4 /s Maximum value = 32 /s (FX) = 0 End of Data Item = 1 Extension into next extent

Bit 1

NOTE -

A positive value represents a right turn, whereas a negative value represents a left turn.

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5.2.17

Data Item I021/170, Target Identification Definition: Format: Structure:


Octet no. 1 48 47 46 45 44 MSB Character 1 43 42 41 40 39 38 Character 2 37 Octet no. 2 36 35 34 33 Character 3

Target (aircraft or vehicle) identification in 8 characters, as reported by the target. Six-octet fixed length Data Item.

32

31

30

Octet no. 3 29 28 27 26 Character 4

25

24

23

Octet no. 4 22 21 20 19 Character 5

18

17

16 15 14 Character 6

Octet no. 5 13 12 11

10 9 8 Character 7

Octet no. 6 5 4 3 2 Character 8

1 LSB

bits-48/1

Characters 1-8 (coded on 6 bits each) defining target identification when flight plan is available or the registration marking when no flight plan is available.

NOTE -

Bit-48 is the MSB of character 1. Bit-1 is the LSB of character 8.

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5.2.18

Data Item I021/180, Mode-3/A Code Definition: Mode-3/A code converted into octal representation. Format: Structure:
Octet no. 1 16 15 14 13 12 11 10
V 0 0 0 A4 A2 A1

Two-octet fixed length Data Item.


Octet no. 2 9
B4

8
B2

7
B1

6
C4

5
C2

4
C1

3
D4

2
D2

1
D1

bit-16

(V)

= =

0 1

Code validated Code not validated

bit-15/13

Spare bits set to 0

NOTE 5.2.19

bits-12/1 Mode-3/A reply in octal representation The need for the Validation bit has not been discussed so far.

Data Item I021/190, Aircraft Type Definition : Type of aircraft, as defined in ICAO Document 4444. Format: Structure: Octet no. 1 Octet no. 2 Four octet fixed length data item.

32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 Character 1 Octet no. 3 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Character 3 8 7 Character 2 Octet no. 4 6 5 4 3 2 1

Character 4

NOTE - Each one of the four bytes composing the type of an aircraft contains an ASCII Character (upper-case alphanumeric characters with trailing spaces).

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Transmission of ADS-B Messages SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-12-01

5.2.20

Data Item I021/200, Target Status Definition : Status of the target Format : One-octet fixed length Data Item Structure:
Octet no. 1 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Target Status

Bits-8/1 Target Status 1 = No emergency / not reported 2 = General emergency 3 = Lifeguard / medical 4 = Minimum fuel 5 = No communications 6 = Unlawful interference

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SUR.ET1.ST05.2000-STD-12-01

Surveillance Data Exchange - Part 12


Transmission of ADS-B Messages

5.3

User Application Profile for Category 021


The following User Application Profile shall be used for the transmission of ADSB messages. Table 2 ADS-B Messages UAP FRN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 FX 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 FX 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 FX 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 FX Data Item I021/010 I021/020 I021/030 I021/035 I021/080 I021/090 I021/100 I021/110 I021/130 I021/140 I021/145 I021/150 I021/160 I021/165 I021/170 I021/180 I021/190 I021/095 I021/147 I021/200 RE SP Information Data Source Identification Emitter Category Time of Day Time of Receipt Aircraft Address Figure of Merit Event Report Reason Field extension indicator Projected Profile Position in WGS-84 co-ordinates Altitude Flight Level Air Vector Ground Vector Rate of Turn Field extension indicator Target Identification Mode-3/A Code Aircraft Type Velocity Accuracy Selected Flight Level Target Status Spare Field extension indicator Spare Spare Spare Spare Spare Reserved Expansion Field Special Purpose Field Field extension indicator Length 2 1 3 4 3 1 1 1+11*N 6 2 2 6 6 1+ 6 2 4 1 2 1 1+1+ 1+1+ -

In the above table

the first column indicates the Field Reference Number (FRN) associated to each Data Item used in the UAP; the fourth column gives the format and the length of each item, a stand-alone figure indicates the octet-count of a fixed-length Data Item, 1+ indicates a variable-length Data Item comprising a first part of 1 octet followed by n-octets extents as necessary.

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