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The elections from 2000 have represented ,for sure, a defining moment in the evolution of the Romanian political

system after December 1989.They had the role of a truly litmus paper ,showing with clarity how the things were really staying in the Romanian political system in that period besides of the illusions made up by the democratic intellectuality of Romania in 1990.1 An analysis of the Romanian political system that would respect completely the criterias of the occidental science of politics wasnt possible ,because of the special context of Romania in that moment and the new character of the system. With other words in the 11 years period of the Romanian political system, wasnt enough mature to be involved in an analysis like the Arend Lijphart from Models of the democracy.Lijphart when he analyzed that, he named democratic systems the ones that have at least twenty years of free elections.2 At a first sight of the table, the political system it can be seen like a multiparty system with one dominant party, which ,after we will see further ,that is in some sense true. If we will compare the results of these elections with the previous ones ,without taking into consideration the ones in 1990 that fits into a special context, the ones in 1992 and 1996 seemed to suggest the existence of a multiparty system generated by the proportional electoral system and the list vote ,but one in which the first two political forces (FDSN and PDSR on one side and CDR on the other) seemed to have equal weights to alternate each other in power, as happened in 1996, with other smaller parties but with very significant role, helping to tilt the balance of one side or the other. Grand winner remained P.D.S.R. and it was natural to happen. Direct descendant of P.C.R. , responsible for the realities of Romania after 1989, it was natural that the party knows best how to handle in this context. Their voters were poor, uneducated, mostly living in small towns or rural areas, remained relatively constant from 1992 and even by 2008, oscillating around the figure of 30%. The elections from 2000 were decisive ,showing that CDR was only a mirage and proved that PDSR and then PSD was the dominant party in a multiparty system ,which cannot be competed only by a small parties coalition with reduced chances to form a coherent whole: "For 11 years political formation called today PDSR win more votes in national confrontations than
1 2

Gazeta de Cluj,Vinovatul de serviciu de Florentin Scaletchi LIJPHART, Arend- Modele ale democratie i. Forme de guvernare si functionare in 36 de tari, Traducere de Catalin Constantinescu, Editura Polirom, Iasi 2006

any other faction considered separately ... P.D.S.R. cannot be defeated only in special circumstances.3 At the end of 1999 it was obvious that CDR would not have the power to win the general the general elections of 2000.Because of the lack of unity with the partners of coalition and of the economic crisis in which Communist Romania was struggling, the popularity of CDR decreased considerably. After Emil Constantinescus mandate finished, Constantinescu turned back to the academically desk, resumed the demarches for the consolidation of the role of civil society and continued to represent Romania and to improve the countrys image externally. Emil Constantinescu didnt candidate for a second mandate of president of Romania. At 26th of November 2000 the parliamentary and presidential elections were held and they had been a big surprise for everybody(As it can be seen in the table). At the presidential elections entered in the second tour,programmed in 10 december 2000 ,ion Iliescu and Corneliu Vadim Tudor . Ion Iliescu and PDSR got benefits from this situation and they got back at power in 2000 with 66,83%. His main opponent was Corneliu Vadim Tudor, the leader of Partidul Romania Mare, which came up second. In that moment, the majority of the Romanian voters realized that they have to choose between two evils and they have chosen the lesser one, thus Iliescu. The results of the elections in 2000 The Deputies Chamber The total number of the voters according to le electoral lists,according to the electoral lists according to the localities where they reside 17.699.727 Total number of voters who voted 11.559.458 (65,3%)

Senat Number of valid votes 10.891.910 Number of canceled voter 667.548 (5,77% / 3,77%

Stefan-Scalat, Laurentiu-Fantoma lui Radu Campeanu, Revista Sfera politicii, nr. 87-88, 2001

Number of votes 1.PDSR 2.PRM 3.PD 4.PNL 5.UDMR 6.CDR 2000 7.APR 8.PAN (PUNR PNR) 9.PNL-C Total of mandates 4. 040. 212 2. 288. 483 825. 437 814. 381 751. 310 575. 706 465. 535 154. 761 133. 018

Percentage 37,09% 21,01% 7, 58% 7,48% 6,90% 5,59% 4,27% 1,42% 1,22% 140 37 13 13 12 0

Percantage of mandates 65 46,43% 26,43% 9,29% 9,29% 8,57%

The Chamber of Deputies Number of valid votesc 10.839.424 Number of canceled votes 720.034 (6,22% / 4,06% Number votes 1.PDSR 2.PRM 3.PD 4.PNL 5.UDMR 6.CDR-2000 7.APR 8.PNL-C 9.PAN (PUNR PNR) 10.Indepenendent candidates Minorities Total mandates 2. 112. 027 762. 365 747. 263 736. 863 546. 135 441. 228 151. 518 149. 525 137. 561 Percentage 3. 968. 464 7,03% 6,89% 6,80% 5,04% 4,07% 1,40% 1,38% 1,27% 18 345 Mandates 36,61% 19,48% 84 31 30 27 0 Percentage mandates 155 44,93% 24,35% 8,99% 8,70% 7,83%

The result of the presidential election

First tour 26 november 2000 Nomber votes 1.Ion Iliescu 2.Corneliu Vadim Tudor 3.Theodor Dumitru Stolojan 4.Constantin Mugurel Isarescu 5.Gyorgy Frunda 6.Petre Roman 7.Teodor Viorel Melescanu 8.Gheorghe Eduard Manole 9.Gratiela Elena Birla 10.Paul Philippe Hohenzollern 11.Ion Sasu 12.Nicolae Cerveni 38. 375 31. 983 4. 076. 273 3. 178. 293 1. 321. 420 1. 069. 463 696. 989 334. 852 214. 642 133. 991 61. 455 55. 238 0,34% 0,29% 2,99% 1,91% 1,19% 0,55% 0,49% Percentage 36,35% 28,34% 11,78% 9, 54% 6,22%

The second tour 10 december 2000 The total number of citizens from the electoral lists: Total number of votesrs who voted: 1. Ion Iliescu 2. Corneliu Vadim Tudor 6. 696. 623 3. 324. 274 17.711.757 10.184.715 (57,5%) 66,83% 33,17%