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aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

AQUEDUCT AT kM:7.782 AT GUNDLAKAMMA RESERVOIR PROJECT


DESIGN OF SUPERSTRUCTURE
5100

400

250
3500

1850

3500

3500

3190
400

400

400

HYDRAULIC PARTICULARS OF CANAL


Discharge
Bed Width
Full Suply Depth
Side Slopes
Roughness
Bed Fall
Velocity

17.463
13.5
1.85
1.5:1/1.5:1
0.0225
1/10000=
0.0001
0.58

TROUGH DETAILS
Size of Bay
C/C of Expansion Joints
Depth of Flow
Free Board
Area of Flow
Velocity
Loading
Foot Bridge

3.5

Dimensional Details
Thickness of Side Wall
Thickness of Internal Wall
Thickness of Bottom Slab =
Thickness of Top Slab
Haunch
Width of Carriage Way
Clear Carriageway
Thickness of Parapet
Height of Parapet
Thickness of Kerb
Height of kerb
Wearing coat on bottom slab =
Wearing coat on carriage way =

Design of Aqueduct

Load Calculations

X
9.98
1.85
0.5
24.975
0.58
Class A
500

400
400
400
400
450

x
5100
4250
200
762.5
425
300
40
75

Cumecs
m
m

m/sec

2.35
m
m
m
2
m
m/sec
kg/m2

mm
mm
mm
mm
150
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Load Calculations
(A) Member DE & EF
Selfweight
Water
Wearing Coat
(B) Member AD,BE,CF
Selfweight
Water Pressure

(C) Member BC
Selfweight
Wearing Coat

(D) Member BB'& CC'


Selfweight
Kerb

Parapet

Design of Aqueduct

0.4x2.5 =
1.85x1=
0.04x2.4=
Total =
0.4x3.19x2.5=
@ Top
@bottom

0.4x2.5=
0.075x2.4=
Total =

0.4x2.5=
0.425x0.3x2.5=
Total =
0.2x0.7625x2.5=

Load Calculations

1.000
1.85
0.096
2.946
4.00
3.19
0
1.85

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m say
t/m
t/m
t/m2
2
t/m

1.000
0.180
1.180
1.2

t/m
t/m
t/m say
t/m

1.00
0.31875
1.32
1.40
0.38125

t/m
t/m
t/m say
t/m
t/m

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

MEMBER LOAD
*RIGHT SIDE WEIGHT OF PARPET+ WEIGHT OF KERB 0.3M HEIGHT
*(0.16+0.225)*0.3*1*2.4=0.277 t/m
835 TO 841 UNI Y -0.277

*foot path
*(0.16+1.205)*0.3*1*2.5=1.02t/m
1255 TO 1261 UNI Y -13.2

0.2

0.7625

2.5

0.3

0.425

2.5

Design of Aqueduct

Load Calculations

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR TOP SLAB


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
(MTon)
(MTon)
Max Fx
631
628
651
1.117
3.382
Min Fx
1488
780
651
-0.027
-1.301
Max Fy
631
628
651
1.117
3.382
Min Fy
640
629
651
0.949
-3.62
Max Fz
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Min Fz
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Max Mx
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Min Mx
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Max My
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Min My
1509
791
651
0.002
0.967
Max Mz
640
629
651
0.949
-3.62
Min Mz
635
636
651
1.017
0.018
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

631
1488
631
640
1509
1509
1509
1509
1509
1509
640
636

628
780
628
629
791
791
791
791
791
791
629
636

Design of Aqueduct

122
1474
183
190
1509
1509
1509
1509
1509
1509
119
124

122
773
180
191
791
791
791
791
791
791
116
124

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
19.744
2.886
19.744
23.243
2.972
2.972
2.972
2.972
2.972
2.972
23.243
-11.384

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fx
(MTon)
1.306
-0.032
1.306
1.135
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
1.135
1.176

Fy
(MTon)
3.847
-1.404
3.847
-4.281
1.104
1.104
1.104
1.104
1.104
1.104
-4.281
-0.212

Fz
(MTon)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
22.697
3.195
22.697
27.24
3.589
3.589
3.589
3.589
3.589
3.589
27.24
-13.052

434
165
153
441
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
434
146

Fx
(MTon)
0.974
-0.026
0.619
0.735
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.966
0.695

Fy
(MTon)
-0.718
0.57
5.394
-3.721
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
3.772
-1.596

Fz
(MTon)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-13.184
-0.51
14.571
-1.816
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
0.007
24.313
-18.217

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Fz
(MTon)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Top Slab

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+3.5)=
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
11.384
Corressponding Torsion
0
Max Support Moment
23.243
Corressponding Torsion
0
Max Shear Force
35.51
Corressponding Torsion
0
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
13.052
Corressponding Torsion
0
Max Support Moment
27.24
Corressponding Torsion
0
Max Shear Force
37.739
Corressponding Torsion
0

1.474

+
+
+
+
+
+

26.846
0.000
35.830
0.000
77.980
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

38.230
0.000
59.073
0.000
113.49
0.00

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

+
+
+
+
+
+

26.846
0.000
35.83
0.00
77.980
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

39.898
0.000
63.070
0.000
115.719
0.000

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

39.898
0.000
39.898
63.070
0.000
63.070
115.719
0.000
115.72

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm
kN

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Span Momnet =
Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7
Max Support Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Support Momnet =
Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7
Max Shear Force
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Shear Force =
Ve = V+ 1.6 T/B =
DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
s cc
in concrete s cbc
= =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.765
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Top Slab

0.305
0.898
1.1405

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
d=
241.270 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
242+40+10=
292 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
63.070 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
66.389 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
66.39e06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
1111.232 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
180.936 mm say
175 mm
Ast(P) =
1148.925 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.328
tc =
0.255 MPa
(From Table 23 IS 456 -2000
Reinforcement at Mid Span
Bending Moment at Support =
39.898 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
41.998 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
42E06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
702.969
Spacing of
16
Sv =
286.018
Ast(P) =
1148.925
pt =
0.328
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =
tv =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/Bd =

175 mm

115.719 kN
115719.3
950x350

0.348 MPa

Shear taken by Tension Reinforcement =


tc =
0.255
V=
0.255x950x350
V=
84787.5 N
Shear taken by bentup Bars =
Asv =
545.5714 sq.mm
ssv =
190 MPa
Sin 45 =
0.707
V=
73297.68 N
Using 50% Shear contributed by bentup bars
Total Shear =
84787.5
+
36648.84
121436.3 N >
115719.3 N

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Top Slab

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR BOTTOM SLAB(EF)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
577
577
651
-0.096
1.085
Min Fx
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Max Fy
578
578
651
-0.121
2.355
Min Fy
585
586
651
-0.255
-2.675
Max Fz
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Min Fz
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Max Mx
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Min Mx
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Max My
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Min My
586
586
651
-0.302
-0.87
Max Mz
586
587
651
-0.302
-1.225
Min Mz
582
582
651
-0.182
-0.474
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

583
513
578
585
586
586
586
586
586
586
586
582

583
513
578
586
586
586
586
586
586
586
587
582

586
65
74
577
586
586
586
586
586
586
65
321

586
65
74
577
586
586
586
586
586
586
66
321

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
15.243
18.923
8.083
15.836
18.923
18.923
18.923
18.923
18.923
18.923
22.518
-13.888

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
-2.484
3.171
4.703
-5.132
-2.758
-2.758
-2.758
-2.758
-2.758
-2.758
-3.21
-0.874

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-21.855
23.895
17.17
28.451
33.178
33.178
33.178
33.178
33.178
33.178
43.42
-26.307

285
434
434
229
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
434
182

Fx
(kN)
0
-0.547
-0.517
-0.267
-0.018
-0.018
-0.018
-0.018
-0.018
-0.018
-0.547
-0.148

Fy
(kN)
0
-0.51
0.42
-0.982
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
-0.51
-0.777

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
0
0.961
1.615
-1.111
0.163
0.163
0.163
0.163
0.163
0.163
2.711
-3.571

5.263
0.000
3.995
0.000
6.072
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

19.151
0.000
26.513
0.000
32.31
0.00

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

5.263
0.000
4.00
0.00
6.072
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

31.570
0.000
47.415
0.000
56.417
0.000

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+3.5)=
1.474
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
13.888
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
22.518
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
26.242
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
26.307
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
43.42
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
50.34
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+

Design of Aqueduct

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
-1.108
-1.801
-1.309
-1.128
-1.145
-1.145
-1.145
-1.145
-1.145
-1.145
-1.145
-1.11

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Bottom Slab (EF)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Span Momnet =
Max Support Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Support Momnet =
Max Shear Force
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Shear Force =

31.570
0.000
31.570
47.415
0.000
47.415
56.417
0.000
56.42

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Ve = V+ 1.6 T/B =

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbcs =cc =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm
kNm

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
47.416e06/(1.311x950)
d=
195.182 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
196+40+10=
246 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
47.415 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
49.911 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
49.92e06/(150x0.881x350)=
Ast =
1079.113 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
186.322 mm say
175 mm
Ast(P) =
1148.925 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.328
tc =
0.255 (From Table 26 IS 456-2000)
Reinforcement at Mid Span
Bending Moment due to Axial Load =
23.034
=
Bending Moment at Mid Span =
35.025 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
36.868 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
36.87e06/(150x0.899x350)=

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Bottom Slab (EF)

0.15
3.46

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Ast =
781.663
Spacing of
16
Sv =
257.223
Ast(P) =
1148.925
pt =
0.328
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B j d =

tv =

175 mm

56.417 kN
56416.79
950x350

0.170 Mpa <

0.255

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
550
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
49.911
Axial Load =
26.517
Reinforcement at top =
1148.9
Reinforcement at bottom face =
1149
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

550
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
550x1000=
1.5x10x1148.926=
1.5x10x1148.926=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
550000
275
17233.88
198
17233.88
502
584467.8 A Y =
A Y/A =

1.63E+08
584467.8
550
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
279.42

1.39E+10
+
4
6.05E+10 mm
6.05E+10
4
1.48E+10 mm
1.48E+10
279.42
1.48E+10
270.58

A x Y2
41593750000
675637019.7
4343006620
46612393640

AxY
1.51E+08
3412308
8651408
1.63E+08

Iself
1.39E+10

1.39E+10

279.42
=

270.58 mm

4.66E+10
584467.8

53121524

mm3

54858218

mm3

78077.2

Direct Stress =

26517.463
584467.76

0.0454

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

49910693
53121524

0.9396

<

8.333

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0454
1.275

0.0356

0.1128

0.1483

Design of Bottom Slab (EF)

< 1.0

0.9396
8.333

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

36.868
26.517
1148.9
1148.9
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x1148.926=
1.5x10x1148.926=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
17233.88
50
17233.88
350
434467.8 A Yt =
A Y/A =

86893552
434467.8
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.35E+10 mm
2.35E+10
4
6.11E+09 mm
6.11E+09
200.00
6.11E+09
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
43084699.25
2111150263
18154234962

AxY
80000000
861694
6031858
86893552

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.82E+10
434467.8

30544290

mm3

30544290

mm3

40000.00

Direct Stress =

26517.463
434467.76

0.0610

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

36868009
30544290

1.2070

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0610
1.275

0.0479

0.1449

0.1928

Design of Bottom Slab (EF)

< 1.0

1.2070
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR BOTTOM SLAB(FG)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
340
340
651
0.434
-0.429
Min Fx
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Max Fy
588
588
651
0.354
2.135
Min Fy
595
596
651
0.261
-2.841
Max Fz
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Min Fz
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Max Mx
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Min Mx
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Max My
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Min My
596
596
651
0.259
-1.601
Max Mz
596
597
651
0.259
-1.955
Min Mz
591
592
651
0.285
-0.033
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

587
331
588
595
596
596
596
596
596
596
596
592

587
331
588
596
596
596
596
596
596
596
597
592

75
459
76
75
596
596
596
596
596
596
75
331

75
459
76
75
596
596
596
596
596
596
76
331

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
7.997
19.567
9.569
17.28
19.567
19.567
19.567
19.567
19.567
19.567
25.67
-12.285

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
2.514
1.822
4.517
-5.427
-3.697
-3.697
-3.697
-3.697
-3.697
-3.697
-4.148
-0.803

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
33.65
11.62
21.17
30.243
34.142
34.142
34.142
34.142
34.142
34.142
47.605
-24.819

434
289
513
434
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
213
471

Fx
(kN)
0.222
0
0.023
0.222
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.002
0.048
0.085

Fy
(kN)
-0.579
-0.013
0.08
-0.579
-0.005
-0.005
-0.005
-0.005
-0.005
-0.005
-0.067
-0.399

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-2.145
-0.118
0.371
-2.145
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.028
0.66
-2.987

4.402
0.000
0.973
0.000
1.157
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

16.687
0.000
26.643
0.000
29.03
0.00

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

4.402
0.000
0.97
0.00
1.157
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

29.221
0.000
48.578
0.000
54.395
0.000

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+3.5)=
1.474
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
12.285
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
25.67
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
27.87021
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
24.819
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
47.605
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
53.23887
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+

Design of Aqueduct

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
-0.285
-0.941
-0.304
-0.416
-0.451
-0.451
-0.451
-0.451
-0.451
-0.451
-0.451
-0.359

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Bottom Slab (FG)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Span Momnet =
Max Support Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Support Momnet =
Max Shear Force
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Shear Force =

29.221
0.000
29.221
48.578
0.000
48.578
54.395
0.000
54.40

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Ve = V+ 1.6 T/B =

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbcs =cc =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
48.578e06/(1.311x950)
d=
197.560 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
198+40+10=
248 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
48.578 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
51.134 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
51.14e06/(150x0.881x350)=
Ast =
1105.569 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
181.863 mm say
175 mm
Ast(P) =
1148.925 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.328
tc =
0.255
Reinforcement at Mid Span
Bending Moment at Mid Span =
29.221 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
30.759 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
30.76e06/(150x0.899x350)=

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Bottom Slab (FG)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Ast =
652.1384
Spacing of
12
Sv =
173.425
Ast(P) =
665.2784
pt =
0.190
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B j d =

tv =

170 mm

54.395 kN
54395.42
950x350

0.182 Mpa <

0.255

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
550
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
51.134
Axial Load =
6.022
Reinforcement at top =
1148.9
Reinforcement at bottom face =
665
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

550
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
550x1000=
1.5x10x1148.926=
1.5x10x665.279=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
550000
275
17233.88
198
9979.177
502
577213.1 A Y =
A Y/A =

Yb =

550

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =

=
276.63

1.39E+10
+
4
5.86E+10 mm
5.86E+10
4
1.45E+10 mm
1.45E+10
276.63
1.45E+10
273.37

Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

1.6E+08
577213.1
-

A x Y2
41593750000
675637019.7
2514792436
44784179456

AxY
1.51E+08
3412308
5009547
1.6E+08

Iself
1.39E+10

1.39E+10

276.63
=

273.37 mm

4.48E+10
577213.1

52343166

mm3

52965640

mm3

76521.7

Direct Stress =

6021.791
577213.06

0.0104

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

51134349
52343166

0.9769

<

7.000

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0104
1.275

0.0082

0.1396

0.1477

Design of Bottom Slab (FG)

< 1.0

0.9769
7.000

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

30.759
6.022
665.3
665.3
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x665.279=
1.5x10x665.279=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
9979.177
50
9979.177
350
419958.4 A Yt =
A Y/A =

83991671
419958.4
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.26E+10 mm
2.26E+10
4
5.78E+09 mm
5.78E+09
200.00
5.78E+09
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
24947941.66
1222449141
17247397083

AxY
80000000
498958.8
3492712
83991671

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.72E+10
419958.4

28911981

mm3

28911981

mm3

40000.00

Direct Stress =

6021.791
419958.35

0.0143

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

30758837
28911981

1.0639

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0143
1.275

0.0112

0.1277

0.1390

Design of Bottom Slab (FG)

< 1.0

1.0639
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR BOTTOM SLAB(GH)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
350
350
651
0.526
0.345
Min Fx
597
597
651
0.254
2.273
Max Fy
598
598
651
0.254
3.139
Min Fy
605
606
651
0.318
-2.162
Max Fz
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Min Fz
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Max Mx
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Min Mx
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Max My
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Min My
606
606
651
0.36
-0.993
Max Mz
597
597
651
0.254
2.273
Min Mz
603
603
651
0.273
-0.391
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

597
542
598
605
606
606
606
606
606
606
597
601

597
542
598
606
606
606
606
606
606
606
597
602

149
94
87
597
606
606
606
606
606
606
85
350

149
94
87
597
606
606
606
606
606
606
85
351

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-8.627
25.733
16.162
-1.896
1.319
1.319
1.319
1.319
1.319
1.319
25.733
-19.22

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
4.532
-2.489
5.77
-4.616
-3.403
-3.403
-3.403
-3.403
-3.403
-3.403
4.532
1.227

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
47.579
2.819
28.703
6.416
11.058
11.058
11.058
11.058
11.058
11.058
47.579
-31.911

434
517
439
29
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
440
183

Fx
(kN)
0.053
-0.001
0.027
0.002
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.044
0.006

Fy
(kN)
0.006
0.008
0.016
0
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.001
0.006
0.005

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
0.478
0.035
0.412
0.028
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.006
0.514
-0.016

0.024
0.000
0.757
0.000
0.231
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

19.244
0.000
26.490
0.000
21.44
0.00

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

0.024
0.000
0.76
0.00
0.231
0.000

=
=
=
=
=
=

31.935
0.000
48.336
0.000
45.514
0.000

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+3.5)=
1.474
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
19.22
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
25.733
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
21.21
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
31.911
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Support Moment
47.579
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+
Max Shear Force
45.28
+
Corressponding Torsion
0
+

Design of Aqueduct

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
-0.528
-1.117
-0.563
-0.84
-0.973
-0.973
-0.973
-0.973
-0.973
-0.973
-0.528
-0.629

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Bottom Slab(FG)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Span Momnet =
Max Support Moment
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Support Momnet =
Max Shear Force
=
Corressponding Torsion =
Equivalent Shear Force =

31.935
0.000
31.935
48.336
0.000
48.336
45.514
0.000
45.51

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Me=M+ T (1+D/B)/1.7

Ve = V+ 1.6 T/B =

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbcs =cc =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kNm
kN
kNm
kN

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
48.337e06/(1.311x950)
d=
197.069 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
198+40+10=
248 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
48.336 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
50.880 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
50.89e06/(150x0.881x350)=
Ast =
1100.081 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
182.770 mm say
175 mm
Ast(P) =
1148.925 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.328
tc =
0.255
Reinforcement at Mid Span
Bending Moment at Mid Span =
31.935 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
33.615 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
33.62e06/(150x0.899x350)=

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Bottom Slab(FG)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Ast =
712.7011
Spacing of
16
Sv =
282.113
Ast(P) =
1005.31
pt =
0.287
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B j d =

tv =

200 mm

45.514 kN
45514.27
950x350

0.137 Mpa <

0.255

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
550
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
50.880
Axial Load =
0.000
Reinforcement at top =
1148.9
Reinforcement at bottom face =
1005
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

550
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
550x1000=
1.5x10x1148.926=
1.5x10x1005.31=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
550000
275
17233.88
198
15079.64
502
582313.5 A Y =
A Y/A =

1.62E+08
582313.5
550
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
278.60

1.39E+10
+
4
5.99E+10 mm
5.99E+10
4
1.47E+10 mm
1.47E+10
278.60
1.47E+10
271.40

A x Y2
41593750000
675637019.7
3800130792
46069517812

AxY
1.51E+08
3412308
7569982
1.62E+08

Iself
1.39E+10

1.39E+10

278.60
=

271.40 mm

4.61E+10
582313.5

52894044

mm3

54297100

mm3

77617.7

Direct Stress =

0.000
582313.52

0.0000

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

50880499
52894044

0.9619

<

8.500

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0000
1.275

0.0000

0.1132

0.1132

Design of Bottom Slab(FG)

< 1.0

0.9619
8.500

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

33.615
0.000
1005.3
1005.3
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x1005.31=
1.5x10x1005.31=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
15079.64
50
15079.64
350
430159.3 A Yt =
A Y/A =

86031858
430159.3
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

I g - A Yt 2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.32E+10 mm
2.32E+10
4
6.01E+09 mm
6.01E+09
200.00
6.01E+09
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
37699111.84
1847256480
17884955592

AxY
80000000
753982.2
5277876
86031858

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.79E+10
430159.3

30059587

mm3

30059587

mm3

40000.00

Direct Stress =

0.000
430159.29

0.0000

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

33615346
30059587

1.1183

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0000
1.275

0.0000

0.1342

0.1342

Design of Bottom Slab(FG)

< 1.0

1.1183
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR LEFT EXTERNAL WALL(AE)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
Fz
(kN)
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
610
616
651
5.953
-1.434
0
Min Fx
159
160
651
-0.939
-0.273
0
Max Fy
607
577
651
0.218
-0.095
0
Min Fy
610
616
651
5.953
-1.434
0
Max Fz
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Min Fz
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Max Mx
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Min Mx
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Max My
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Min My
1362
714
651
5.582
-1.271
0
Max Mz
612
628
651
4.964
-1.159
0
Min Mz
608
608
651
3.428
-0.89
0
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

610
159
354
608
1362
1362
1362
1362
1362
1362
612
607

100
1362
1362
98
1362
1362
1362
1362
1362
1362
100
607

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
-1.945
-1.805
-0.081
-2.785
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.5
-1.358
-1.47

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

146.00
285.00
285.00
434.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
434.00
189.00

Fx
(kN)
5.584
0
0
3.237
0.151
0.151
0.151
0.151
0.151
0.151
3.502
0.372

Fy
(kN)
-0.69
0
0
-1.137
-0.032
-0.032
-0.032
-0.032
-0.032
-0.032
-0.955
-0.151

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2.110
32.657
40.6972
7.156

=
=
=
=

18.933
47.305
54.765
13.11

2.110
32.6565
40.6972
7.156

=
=
=
=

36.09
49.81
68.02
13.60

616
160
364
608
714
714
714
714
714
714
628
577

112
714
714
104
714
714
714
714
714
714
116
577

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
1.282
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
16.823
+
Max Support Moment
14.648
+
Max Shear Force
14.068
+
Max Axial Load
5.953
+
LOAD 2 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
33.983
+
Max Support Moment
17.158
+
Max Shear Force
27.32085
+
Max Axial Load
6.45
+

Design of Aqueduct

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
6.447
-3.246
-0.734
2.604
6.166
6.166
6.166
6.166
6.166
6.166
5.552
-1.839

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Max Support Moment =
Max Shear Force
=
Max Axial Force
=

36.093
49.815
68.018
13.603

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
Grade of Reinforcement =
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc = s cc =
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
Permissible Stress in Shear =
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kN

M 25
Fe 415
8.33 MPa
5 MPa
1.765 MPa
1.864 MPa
1.275 MPa
190 MPa
10
0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
36.093e06/(1.311x950)
d=
200.060 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
201+40+10=
251 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
49.815 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
52.436 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
52.44e06/(190x0.881x350)=
Ast =
895.0412 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
224.640 mm say
Ast(P) =
1005.31 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.287
tc =
0.242
Reinforcement at Mid Span
Bending Moment at Support =
Bending Moment per meter =

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

200 mm

36.093 kNm
37.992 kNm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Ast = M/sst j d =
38e06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
Spacing of
Sv =
Ast(P) =
pt =
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

635.918
12
177.849
646.270
0.185

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

68.018 kN
68018.08
950x350

V/B j d =
tv =

175 mm

0.205 Mpa <

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support
400+150=
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

0.242

550 mm
52.436
13.603
1005.3
1005
198
48

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

550
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
550x1000=
1.5x10x1005.31=
1.5x10x1005.31=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
550000
275
15079.64
198
15079.64
502
580159.3 A Y =
A Y/A =

161805751.3
580159.2895
550
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

Ig - A Y t 2
I N.A =

Zt =

278.90

Iself
1.3865E+10

1.3865E+10

278.90
=

271.10 mm

45985063185
580159.2895

77784.6

52786920

mm3

54305229

mm3

13603.47
580159.29

0.0234

<

1.275

52436316.45
52786920

0.9934

<

1.765

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0234
1.275

0.0184

0.5628

0.5812

Zb =

Direct Stress =

Bending Stress =

Design of Aqueduct

13864583333
+
4
59849646518 mm
59849646518
4
14722210598 mm
14722210598
278.90
14722210598
271.10

A x Y2
41593750000
591182392.3
3800130792
45985063185

AxY
1.51E+08
2985770
7569982
1.62E+08

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

< 1.0

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

37.992
13.603
646.3
646.3
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x646.271=
1.5x10x646.271=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
9694.057
50
9694.057
350
419388.1 A Yt =
A Y/A =

83877622.93
419388.1147
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

Ig - A Y t 2
I N.A =

Zt =

Iself
5333333333

5333333333

200.00
=

200.00 mm

17211757166
419388.1147

40000.00

28847830

mm3

28847830

mm3

13603.5
419388.1

0.0324

<

1.275

37992123.05
28847830

1.3170

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0324
1.275

0.0254

0.1581

0.1835

Zb =

Direct Stress =

Bending Stress =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5333333333
+
4
22545090500 mm
22545090500
4
5769565913 mm
5769565913
200.00
5769565913
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
24235143.33
1187522023
17211757166

AxY
80000000
484702.9
3392920
83877623

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

< 1.0

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(2) DESIGN FOR BEAM ACTION


Effective Span of Wall =
Clear Span =
Section of Wall =
Check for Lateral Stability
(a) 60 times width of beam

9.98 m
9.96 m
0.4

3.19
60

0.4
24 >9.96

(b) 250 b2/d

250

0.16
3.19
12.539 >9.96

Loads
(A) Bending Moment due to dead loads
Selfweight of wall =
0.4x2.79x2.5=
Weight from bridge =
Weight of Slab =
0.4x2.5x5.1/2=
Weight of W.C =
0.075x2.4x3.5/2=
Weight of Kerb =
0.31875+0.38125=
Weight of Water =
1x1.85x1.75=
Weight of Base Slab =
0.4x2.5x1.75=
Weight of finishing
0.096x1.75=
Total Load =

0.276 t/m
2.55
0.32
0.70
3.2375
1.75
0.168
8.997

WL2/8 =
8.997x9.98x9.98/8=
Shear force =
WL/2 =
8.997x9.98/2=
(B) Bending moment due to Live Load
W
W
0.825
1.8
1.275

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

Bending Moment =

0.6

112.007 tm
44.893 t

3.9
A

Taking moments about A


RBx3.9=
Wx0.825+W2.625
RB =
Wx0.825+Wx2.625
3.9
RB =
3.45
W=
3.9
RA = 2W0.885 W =
S.No
1
2
3
0.590

Wheel Load
1.35
5.7
3.4
3.2

0.885 W
1.115 W

Reaction =1.115W
1.506
6.358
3.792
1.2

4.300

0.69

9.98
A

B
RBx9.98= 1.506x(0.59)+6.358x(3.79+4.99)+3.793x9.29
RB=
1.506x(0.59)+6.358x(3.79+4.99)+3.793x9.29
9.98
9.212
t
RA =
18.013
9.212
Bending Moment at Centre
9.213x4.99-3.793x0.69=
Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
Bending Moment with Impact =
1.282

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

43.353
1.282
x

8.801

t-m
43.353
55.561

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Bending Moment due to D.L =


Shear Force =

11.279

Total B.M =
+

44.893=

Ast =
Provide

167.569e07/(150x0.881x3090)=
9 Nos
# 25
Ast =
4417.865 sq.mm
pt =
0.357
Check for Shear
V=
56.172 t
551047.6
tv =
=
400x3090
tc =

0.446

V-tc bd
551047.6 -0.264x400x3090
224743.6 N
10 mm 2L stirrups

Spacing of
Sv =
10

2x78.54x150x3090/224743.594
323.953 mm
mm dia 2L stirrups at
200

Sideface Reinforcement
0.1% of Web Area
0.1 x 500 x 3190
1276 sq.mm
Provdie 17 -#10 on each face

Design of Aqueduct

4103.68873

0.264 MPa from Table 23 IS456-2000

Vs =

Provide

112.007
167.568
56.172

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

mm c/c

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Mz
(kNm)
-2.264
-7.559
-15.514
-2.264
6.892
6.892
6.892
6.892
6.892
6.892
14.648
-16.823

Mz
(kNm)
-3.438
-18.789
-1.026
-31.749
8.052
8.052
8.052
8.052
8.052
8.052
17.158
-33.983

Mz
(kNm)
18.26
0
0
11.84
0.532
0.532
0.532
0.532
0.532
0.532
25.481
-1.646

kNm
kNm
kN
kN
kNm
kNm
kN
kN

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Design of Aqueduct

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

1000

0.9934
1.765

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

1000

1.3170
8.330

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

t-m
t-m

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

t-m
t-m
t-m
sq.mm

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(AE)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR LEFT EXTERNAL WALL(BE)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
Fz
(kN)
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
616
617
651
6.506
1.048
0
Min Fx
229
225
651
-0.743
0.648
0
Max Fy
616
617
651
6.506
1.048
0
Min Fy
362
369
651
1.186
0.374
0
Max Fz
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Min Fz
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Max Mx
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Min Mx
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Max My
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Min My
1383
725
651
6.016
0.991
0
Max Mz
613
587
651
1.917
0.768
0
Min Mz
618
629
651
5.331
0.935
0
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

616
485
616
362
1383
1383
1383
1383
1383
1383
613
618

106
1383
104
1383
1383
1383
1383
1383
1383
1383
101
106

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-5.516
6.615
-5.516
-2.8
-13.519
-13.519
-13.519
-13.519
-13.519
-13.519
10.055
-20.902

434.00
285.00
434.00
285.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
434.00
434.00

Fx
(kN)
3.478
0
3.298
0
0.099
0.099
0.099
0.099
0.099
0.099
1.794
3.478

Fy
(kN)
0.93
0
1.084
0
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.018
0.797
0.93

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-22.083
0
-11.624
0
-0.475
-0.475
-0.475
-0.475
-0.475
-0.475
2.389
-24.727

31.690
3.062
13.6286
43.727

=
=
=
=

49.654
11.681
23.909
107.55

kNm
kNm
kN
kN

31.690
3.0617
13.6286
43.727

=
=
=
=

52.59
13.12
25.81
116.89

kNm
kNm
kN
kN

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
1.282
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
17.964
+
Max Support Moment
8.619
+
Max Shear Force
10.281
+
Max Axial Load
63.82
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
20.902
+
Max Support Moment
10.055
+
Max Shear Force
12.184
+
Max Axial Load
73.16
+

Design of Aqueduct

Mz
(kNm)
-5.134
5.453
-5.134
-5.145
-11.85
-11.85
-11.85
-11.85
-11.85
-11.85
8.619
-17.964

Fy
(kN)
1.242
0.698
1.242
0.268
1.193
1.193
1.193
1.193
1.193
1.193
0.881
1.126

617
481
617
369
725
725
725
725
725
725
587
629

113
725
105
725
725
725
725
725
725
725
75
117

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
7.458
-4.258
7.458
-0.172
7.03
7.03
7.03
7.03
7.03
7.03
-0.331
6.307

VEHICULAR LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Max Support Moment =
Max Shear Force
=
Max Axial Force
=

52.592
13.117
25.813
116.890

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
s=
cc =
in concrete s cbc
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kN

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
52.593e06/(1.311x950)
d=
205.562 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
206+40+10=
256 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
13.117 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
13.807 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
13.81e06/(190x0.881x350)=
Ast =
235.6749 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
16 mm dia bars
Sv =
853.132 mm say
Ast(P) =
1005.31 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.287
tc =
0.242 MPa

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

200 mm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Reinforcement at Mid Span


Bending Moment at Support =
52.592 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
55.360 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
55.37e06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
926.6272
Spacing of
16
Sv =
216.983
Ast(P) =
1005.310
pt =
0.287
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B d =

tv =

200 mm

25.813 kN
25812.63
950x350

0.078 Mpa <

0.242

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
550
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
13.807
Axial Load =
116.890
Reinforcement at top =
1005.3
Reinforcement at bottom face =
1005
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

550
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
550x1000=
1.5x10x1005.31=
1.5x10x1005.31=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
550000
275
15079.64
198
15079.64
502
580159.3 A Y =
A Y/A =

1.62E+08
580159.3
550
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
278.90

1.39E+10
+
4
5.98E+10 mm
5.98E+10
4
1.47E+10 mm
1.47E+10
278.90
1.47E+10
271.10

A x Y2
41593750000
591182392.3
3800130792
45985063185

AxY
1.51E+08
2985770
7569982
1.62E+08

Iself
1.39E+10

1.39E+10

278.90
=

271.10 mm
4.6E+10

580159.3

52786920

mm3

54305229

mm3

77784.6

Direct Stress =

116890.2
580159.3

0.2015

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

13807102
52786920

0.2616

<

1.765

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.2015
1.275

0.1580

0.1482

0.3062

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

< 1.0

0.2616
1.765

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

55.360
116.890
1005.3
1005.3
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x1005.31=
1.5x10x1005.31=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
15079.64
50
15079.64
350
430159.3 A Yt =
A Y/A =

86031858
430159.3
400
-

Yb =
2

I g = Iself + A Y =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt

I N.A =
Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

AxY
16000000000
37699111.84
1847256480
17884955592

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.32E+10 mm
2.32E+10
4
6.01E+09 mm
6.01E+09
200.00
6.01E+09
200.00

AxY
80000000
753982.2
5277876
86031858

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.79E+10
430159.3

40000.00

30059587

mm

30059587

mm3

Direct Stress =

116890.2
430159.3

0.2717

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

55360182
30059587

1.8417

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.2717
1.275

0.2131

0.2211

0.4342

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

< 1.0

1.8417
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(2) DESIGN FOR BEAM ACTION


Effective Span of Wall =
Clear Span =
Section of Wall =
0.4
Check for Lateral Stability
(a) 60 times width of beam

9.98 m
9.96 m
x

3.19
60

0.4
24 >12.0

(b) 250 b /d

250

0.16
3.19
12.539 >12.0

Loads
(A) Bending Moment due to dead loads
Selfweight of wall = 0.4x3.19x2.5=
Weight from bridge =
Weight of Slab =
0.4x2.5x5.1/2=
Weight of W.C =
0.075x2.4x3.5/2=
Weight of Kerb =
0.31875+0.38125=
Weight of Water =
1x1.85x3.5=
Weight of Base Slab =0.4x2.5x3.5=
Weight of finishing
0.096x3.5=
Total Load =

3.190 t/m
2.55
0.32
0.70
6.475
3.5
0.336
17.066

WL /8 =
17.066x9.98x9.98/8=
Shear force =
WL/2 =
17.066x9.98/2=
(B) Bending moment due to Live Load
W
W
0.825
1.8
1.275
Bending Moment =

0.60
A

212.473 tm

0.590

Wheel Load
1.35
5.7
3.4
3.2

85.159 t

3.9

taking moments about A


RBx3.9= Wx0.825+W2.625
RB =
Wx0.825+Wx2.625
3.9
RB =
3.45
W=
3.9
RA = 2W0.885 W =
S.No
1
2
3

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

0.885 W
1.115 W

Reaction =1.115W
1.506
6.358
3.792

1.2

4.300

0.69

9.98
A

B
RBx9.98= 1.506x(0.59)+6.358x(3.79+4.99)+3.793x9.29
RB=
1.506x(0.59)+6.358x(3.79+4.99)+3.793x9.29
9.98
9.212 t
RA =
18.013
9.212
=

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

8.801 t

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Bending Moment at Centre


9.213x4.99-3.793x0.69=
Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
Bending Moment with Impact =
1.282

43.353
1.282
x

Bending Moment due to D.L =


Shear Force =

11.279

Total B.M =
+
85.16=

Ast =
Provide

268.034e07/(150x0.881x3090)=
14 Nos
# 25
Ast =
6872.234 sq.mm
pt =
0.556
Check for Shear
V=
96.439 t
946065
tv =
=
400x3090
tc =

Sv =
12

0.765

2x113.098x150x3090/549060.273
190.947 mm
mm dia 2L stirrups at
175
mm c/c

Sideface Reinforcement
0.1% of Web Area
0.1 x 500 x 4700
1276 sq.mm
Provide 17 -#10 on each face

Design of Vertical wall(BF)

t-m
t-m
t-m
t-m

6564.059 sq.mm

V-tc bd
946065 -0.321x400x3090
549060.3 N
12 mm 2L stirrups

Spacing of

Design of Aqueduct

43.353
55.561
212.473
268.034
96.439

0.321 MPa from Table 23 IS456-2000

Vs =

Provide

t-m

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR RIGHT EXTERNAL WALL


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
Fz
(kN)
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
622
618
651
14.024
0.004
0
Min Fx
171
162
651
-29.385
-0.062
0
Max Fy
363
341
651
-13.989
0.096
0
Min Fy
619
597
651
-13.603
-0.083
0
Max Fz
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Min Fz
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Max Mx
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Min Mx
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Max My
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Min My
1404
736
651
7.657
0.007
0
Max Mz
363
341
651
-13.989
0.096
0
Min Mz
555
533
651
-24.726
-0.062
0
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

622
171
109
555
1404
1404
1404
1404
1404
1404
107
491

618
162
102
533
736
736
736
736
736
736
98
469

624
555
108
363
1404
1404
1404
1404
1404
1404
107
363

626
533
98
341
736
736
736
736
736
736
85
341

Mz
(kNm)
0.01
-0.013
0.068
-0.043
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.005
0.068
-0.044

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
0.041
-0.225
0.086
-0.225
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.131
-0.159

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
0.011
0.021
0.059
-0.092
-0.01
-0.01
-0.01
-0.01
-0.01
-0.01
0.158
-0.126

283
146
149
156
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
1:L
147
156

Fx
(kN)
0
-0.173
-0.081
-0.067
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.164
-0.067

Fy
(kN)
0
-0.031
0.056
-0.083
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
0.017
-0.083

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
0
-0.003
0.058
-0.084
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
0.079
-0.084

0.108
0.101
0.704
0.000

=
=
=
=

0.152
0.169
1.646
14.024

kNm
kNm
kNm
kN

0.108
0.101
0.704
0.000

=
=
=
=

0.234
0.259
1.548
14.137

kNm
kNm
kNm
kN

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
1.282
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
0.044
+
Max Support Moment
0.068
+
Max Shear Force
0.942
+
Max Axial Load
14.024
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
0.126
+
Max Support Moment
0.158
+
Max Shear Force
0.844
+
Max Axial Load
14.137

Design of Aqueduct

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
14.137
-70.463
10.072
-65.805
8.217
8.217
8.217
8.217
8.217
8.217
-50.494
-56.188

ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Vertical Wall(CG)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Max Support Moment =
Max Shear Force
=
Max Axial Force
=

0.234
0.259
1.646
14.137

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbcs=cc =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kNm
kN

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
0.234e06/(1.311x950)
d=
14.432 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
15+40+10=
65 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
0.259 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
0.273 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
0.28e06/(190x0.881x350)=
Ast =
4.658008 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
12 mm dia bars
Sv =
24280.19 mm say
Ast(P) =
565.4867 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.162

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertical Wall(CG)

200 mm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Reinforcement at Mid Span


Bending Moment =
0.234 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
0.246 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
0.25e06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
4.116785
Spacing of
12
Sv =
27472.2
Ast(P) =
565.4867
pt =
0.162
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B j d =

tv =

200 mm

1.646 kN
1645.821
950x350

0.005 Mpa <

0.200

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
400
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
0.273
Axial Load =
14.137
Reinforcement at top =
565.5
Reinforcement at bottom face =
565
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x565.487=
1.5x10x565.487=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
8482.3
198
8482.3
352
416964.6 A Y =
A Y/A =

84665265
416964.6
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
203.05

5.33E+09
+
4
2.27E+10 mm
2.27E+10
4
5.53E+09 mm
5.53E+09
203.05
5.53E+09
196.95

A x Y2
16000000000
332540095.7
1050990920
17383531015

AxY
80000000
1679495
2985770
84665265

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

203.05
=

196.95 mm

1.74E+10
416964.6

27212118

mm3

28055346

mm3

41229.89

Direct Stress =

14137.00
416964.6

0.0339

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

272891.1
27212118

0.0100

<

8.333

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0339
1.275

0.0266

0.0012

0.0278

Design of Vertical Wall(CG)

< 1.0

0.0100
8.333

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

0.246
14.137
565.5
565.5
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x565.487=
1.5x10x565.487=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
8482.3
50
8482.3
350
416964.6 A Yt =
A Y/A =

83392920
416964.6
400
-

Yb =
2

I g = Iself + A Y =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt

I N.A =
Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.24E+10 mm
2.24E+10
4
5.72E+09 mm
5.72E+09
200.00
5.72E+09
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
21205750.41
1039081770
17060287521

AxY
80000000
424115
2968805
83392920

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.71E+10
416964.6

40000.00

28575184

mm

28575184

mm3

Direct Stress =

14137.00
416964.6

0.0339

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

245952.2
28575184

0.0086

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0339
1.275

0.0266

0.0010

0.0276

Design of Vertical Wall(CG)

< 1.0

0.0086
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(2) DESIGN FOR BEAM ACTION


Effective Span of Wall =
Clear Span =
Section of Wall =
0.4
Check for Lateral Stability
(a) 60 times width of beam

9.98 m
9.96 m
x

2.79
60

0.4
24 >12.0

(b) 250 b /d

250

0.16
2.79
14.337 >12.0

Loads
(A) Bending Moment due to dead loads
Selfweight of wall =
0.4x2.79x2.5=
Weight of Water =
1x1.85x3.5=
Weight of Base Slab = 0.4x2.5x3.5=
Weight of finishing
0.096x3.5=
Total Load =

163.109e07/(150x0.881x2690)=
9 Nos
# 25
Ast =
4417.865 sq.mm
pt =
0.411
Check for Shear
V=
65.374 t
641318.8
tv =
=
400x2690

163.108 tm
65.374 t
163.108
163.108 t-m
65.374 t

Ast =
Provide

tc =

0.596

V-tc bd
641318.8 -0.281x400x2690
338547.2 N
10 mm 2L stirrups

Spacing of
Sv =
10

2x78.54x150x2690/338547.173
187.217 mm
mm dia 2L stirrups at
175

Sideface Reinforcement
0.1% of Web Area
0.1 x 400 x 3000
1200 sq.mm
Provide 17 -#10 on each face

Design of Aqueduct

4588.434 sq.mm

0.281 MPa from Table 23 IS456-2000

Vs =

Provide

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

WL /8 =
13.101x9.98x9.98/8=
Shear force =
WL/2 =
13.101x9.98/2=
Bending Moment due to D.L =
Total B.M =
Shear Force =
Bending Moment =

2.790
6.475
3.5
0.336
13.101

Design of Vertical Wall(CG)

mm c/c

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN FORCES FOR RIGHT EXTERNAL WALL(DH)


EMPTY CONDITION
Beam
Node
Fx
Fy
Fz
(kN)
(kN)
(kN)
Max Fx
628
619
651
3.327
0.368
0
Min Fx
177
163
651
-0.764
-0.356
0
Max Fy
627
615
651
3.325
0.435
0
Min Fy
369
351
651
0.188
-0.527
0
Max Fz
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Min Fz
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Max Mx
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Min Mx
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Max My
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Min My
1425
747
651
2.85
0.187
0
Max Mz
626
611
651
2.021
0.182
0
Min Mz
369
351
651
0.188
-0.527
0
FULL CONDITION
Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

628
177
626
371
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425
625
370

619
163
611
363
747
747
747
747
747
747
607
359

177
116
114
369
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425
1425
370
115

159
107
99
351
747
747
747
747
747
747
359
107

Mz
(kNm)
3.171
-1.395
5.697
-9.194
0.899
0.899
0.899
0.899
0.899
0.899
7.687
-9.194

652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652
652

Fy
(kN)
0.743
1.12
2.032
-0.346
0.252
0.252
0.252
0.252
0.252
0.252
0.982
-0.06

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
4.84
8.83
22.363
-2.483
1.147
1.147
1.147
1.147
1.147
1.147
23.639
-3.294

441
213
186
183
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
0:00
471
470

Fx
(kN)
0.011
0
0.001
0.005
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.008
0.001

Fy
(kN)
-0.005
-0.001
0.003
-0.006
0
0
0
0
0
0
-0.001
0

Fz
(kN)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Mz
(kNm)
-0.006
-0.016
0.003
-0.016
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
-0.001
0.018
-0.023

0.029
0.023
0.038
0.138

=
=
=
=

9.223
7.710
4.305
32.776

kNm
kNm
kN
kN

0.029
0.023
0.370
0.138

=
=
=
=

3.323
23.662
20.304
3.387

kNm
kNm
kN
kN

Impact Factor =
1+4.5/(6+9.98)=
1.282
SUMMARY OF DESIGN FORCES
LOAD 1 CANAL EMPTY WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
9.194
+
Max Support Moment
7.687
+
Max Shear Force
4.267
+
Max Axial Load
32.63787
+
LOAD 3 CANAL FULL WITH ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD
Max Span Moment
3.294
+
Max Support Moment
23.639
+
Max Shear Force
19.934
+
Max Axial Load
3.249

Design of Aqueduct

My
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Fx
(kN)
3.249
-3.021
0.873
0.319
2.837
2.837
2.837
2.837
2.837
2.837
-2.616
-1.51

ECCENTRIC LIVE LOAD


Beam
Node
Max Fx
Min Fx
Max Fy
Min Fy
Max Fz
Min Fz
Max Mx
Min Mx
Max My
Min My
Max Mz
Min Mz

Mx
(kNm)
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Design of Vertiacl Wall(DH)

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

FINAL DESIGN FORCES


Max Span Moment
=
Max Support Moment =
Max Shear Force
=
Max Axial Force
=

9.223
23.662
20.304
32.77617

DESIGN CONSTANTS
Grade of Concrete =
M
Grade of Reinforcement =
Fe
Permissible Bending Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbc =
8.33
Permissible Direct Compressive Stress
in concrete s cbcs=cc =
5
Permissible Bending Tensile Stress
in concrete s cbt =
1.765
Permissible Stress in Shear =
1.864
Permissible Direct Tensile Stress =
1.275
(i) Sections away from water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
190
Modular Ratio = m =
10
k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
j =1-k/3 =
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
(ii) Sections in contact with water
Permissible stress in steel s st =
Modular Ratio = m =

kNm
kNm
kN
kN

25
415
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa
MPa

0.305
0.898
1.1405
150 MPa
10

k = m scbc /(scbc+sst) =
0.357
j =1-k/3 =
0.881
Q = 0.5 k j scbc =
1.3101
DESIGN OF SECTION
Effective Depth Required d =
M/QB
B = width of Section =
950 mm(Adopted in STAAD)
9.224e06/(1.311x950)
d=
137.882 mm
Overall Depth Required = D =
138+40+10=
188 mm
Overall Depth Provided =
400 mm
deff =
350 mm
Reinforcement at Support
Bending Moment at Support =
23.662 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
24.907 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
24.91e06/(190x0.881x350)=
Ast =
425.1478 sq.mm/m
Spacing of
12 mm dia bars
Sv =
266.02 mm say
Ast(P) =
565.4867 sq.mm/m
pt =
0.162

Design of Aqueduct

Design of Vertiacl Wall(DH)

200 mm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Reinforcement at Mid Span


Bending Moment =
9.223 kNm
Bending Moment per meter =
9.709 kNm
Ast = M/sst j d =
9.71e06/(190x0.899x350)=
Ast =
162.5094
Spacing of
12
Sv =
695.9
Ast(P) =
565.4867
pt =
0.162
Check for Shear
Shear force =
Shear Stress =

sq.mm/m
mm dia bars
mm say
sq.mm/m

V/B j d =

tv =

200 mm

20.304 kN
20303.93
950x350

0.061 Mpa <

0.200

Hence No shear reinforcement required


CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESSES
(1) AT SUPPORT
Thickness at support 400+150=
400
(Including Haunches)
Bending Moment at Support =
24.907
Axial Load =
32.776
Reinforcement at top =
565.49
Reinforcement at bottom face =
565.49
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
198
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement
48

mm
kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x565.487=
1.5x10x565.487=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
8482.3
198
8482.3
352
416964.6 A Y =
A Y/A =

84665265
416964.6
400
-

Yb =

I g = Iself + A Y2 =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt2
I N.A =

Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
203.05

5.33E+09
+
4
2.27E+10 mm
2.27E+10
4
5.53E+09 mm
5.53E+09
203.05
5.53E+09
196.95

A x Y2
16000000000
332540095.7
1050990920
17383531015

AxY
80000000
1679495
2985770
84665265

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

203.05
=

196.95 mm

1.74E+10
416964.6

27212118

mm3

28055346

mm3

41229.89

Direct Stress =

32776.17
416964.6

0.0786

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

24907441
27212118

0.9153

<

8.333

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0786
1.275

0.0616

0.1098

0.1715

Design of Vertiacl Wall(DH)

< 1.0

0.9153
8.333

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(1) AT MID SPAN


Thickness at support

400 mm

Bending Moment at Mid Span =


Axial Load =
Reinforcement at top =
Reinforcement at bottom face =
Cover to Top Reinforcement =
Cover to Bottom Reinforcement

9.709
32.776
565.5
565.5
50
50

kNm
kN
sq.mm
sq.mm
mm
mm

400
1000
SEC
1
2
3

AREA
400x1000=
1.5x10x565.487=
1.5x10x565.487=
A=
Yt =

A
Y
400000
200
8482.3
50
8482.3
350
416964.6 A Yt =
A Y/A =

83392920
416964.6
400
-

Yb =
2

I g = Iself + A Y =
I N.A =

Ig - A Yt

I N.A =
Zt =
Zb =

Design of Aqueduct

=
200.00

5.33E+09
+
4
2.24E+10 mm
2.24E+10
4
5.72E+09 mm
5.72E+09
200.00
5.72E+09
200.00

A x Y2
16000000000
21205750.41
1039081770
17060287521

AxY
80000000
424115
2968805
83392920

Iself
5.33E+09

5.33E+09

200.00
=

200.00 mm

1.71E+10
416964.6

40000.00

28575184

mm

28575184

mm3

Direct Stress =

32776.17
416964.6

0.0786

<

1.275

Bending Stress =

9708923
28575184

0.3398

<

8.330

sct
sct'

s bt
s bt'

0.0786
1.275

0.0616

0.0408

0.1024

Design of Vertiacl Wall(DH)

< 1.0

0.3398
8.330

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

(2) DESIGN FOR BEAM ACTION


Effective Span of Wall =
Clear Span =
Section of Wall =
0.4
Check for Lateral Stability
(a) 60 times width of beam

9.98 m
9.96 m
x

2.79
60

0.4
24 >12.0

(b) 250 b /d

250

0.16
2.79
14.337 >12.0

Loads
(A) Bending Moment due to dead loads
Selfweight of wall =
0.4x2.79x2.5=
Weight of Water =
1x1.85x1.75=
Weight of Base Slab = 0.4x2.5x1.75=
Weight of finishing
0.096x1.75=
Total Load =

98.922e07/(150x0.881x2690)=
6 Nos
# 25
Ast =
2945.243 sq.mm
pt =
0.274
Check for Shear
V=
39.648 t
388947.3
tv =
=
400x2690

98.922 tm
39.648 t
98.922
98.922 t-m
39.648 t

Ast =
Provide

tc =

0.361

V-tc bd
388947.3 -0.238x400x2690
133299.5 N
10 mm 2L stirrups

Spacing of
Sv =
10

2x78.54x150x2690/133299.542
475.483 mm
mm dia 2L stirrups at
200

Sideface Reinforcement
0.1% of Web Area
0.1 x 400 x 2790
1116 sq.mm
Provide 15 -#10 on each face

Design of Aqueduct

2782.795 sq.mm

0.238 MPa from Table 23 IS456-2000

Vs =

Provide

t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m
t/m

WL /8 =
7.946x9.98x9.98/8=
Shear force =
WL/2 =
7.946x9.98/2=
Bending Moment due to D.L =
Total B.M =
Shear Force =
Bending Moment =

2.790
3.2375
1.75
0.168
7.946

Design of Vertiacl Wall(DH)

mm c/c

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

DESIGN OF BEARING(AT E)

Node
1
641

Node
1
641

Node
1
641

REACTION FOR EMPTY CONDITION


L/C
FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
651
0
41.193
0
651
0
41.193
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR CANAL FULL CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
652
6.116
55.495
0
652
6.116
55.495
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR LIVE LOAD CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
146
0.89
15.772
0
146
0.673
10.197
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max Reaction Due to D.L =


Max Reaction Due to L.L =
Min Reaction Due to L.L =
Total Max Reaction =
Total Min Reaction =

55.495
15.772
10.197
71.267
65.692

t
t
t
t
t

Adpot a Bearing of Size =

400

Nmax =
Nmin =

730 kN >
150 kN <

699.1293 kN
644.4385 kN
x

200

699.1293 kN(10% Excess load permitted)


644.4385 kN

Check for Bearing Stress


Actual Bearing Stress =
Bearing Area =

Load/Bearing Area
2
1.95E+05 mm

Actual Bearing Stress =

699129.3
1.95E+05

Allowable Bearing Stress


sc = A1/A2 s cc

3.59 MPa

1000
800

A1 =
A1 =
A2 =
sc =

Design of Aqueduct

1000
x
800000 sq.mm

150
800

195000 sq.mm
A1/A2 =
2.025 but >
2.0

2.0
6.25 =

Design of Bearing(E)

12.5 MPa
> 3.59

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Check for Plan Dimensions


Thickness of Each Elasomer Layer hi =
Thickness of Steel Laminates hs =
Minimum No of internal Elastomer Layers =n=

8 mm App I IRC 83 - II
4 mm
2 Nos

Thickness of Outer layer (he) = hi/2 or 6 mm whichever is greater


4 mm
Overall thickness of Bearing =
8x2+4x3+4x2=
36 mm
Overall Dimension of Bearing =
400
x
200
x 48
(a) lo/bo =
400
=
2.000
< 2.0
200
(b)bo/5 >=

h >=

bo/10

40>36>20
(c)Shape Factor
S = ab/2 hi(a+b)
a=
b=
S=

400
200

-2x4=
-2x4=

392
192

8.05

75264
9344

mm
mm
>6 & <12

Check for Translation


gd <= 0.7
gbd = D bd/h +t md
Longitudinal Strain =
Dd=

0.000500 ( Due to Creep and Shrinkage)

(9.98-2x0.192)x0.0005/2=

0.002399 m
2.399 mm
36
24

h =Total Elastomer Thickness =


t md =

Average Shear Stress

H/A

H = Horizontal Load on Bearing


Braking Force 20% =

0.2

Seismic Force

0.01

Resultant Horizontal Force =H =


A=
t md =
gbd =

Design of Aqueduct

31724.6
195000

2.399
+
24
0.26 <0.7 MPa

x
154.723
30.94 kN
x

699.1293
6.99 kN

31.725 kN

195000 sq.mm
=
0.163

Design of Bearing(E)

0.163

12
mm

aarvee associates

Gundlakamma Reservoir Project

Check for Rotation


ad <= b n abi max
abi max =

abd =

0.5 sm hi
b S2
sm=
10
hi =
12
mm
b=
192
n=
2
b = sm a/10 =
3.59
=
10
abi max =
60
=
12456.91
b n abi max = 0.359x2x0.005=
400 Mmax L10-3/(EI)
M Max
2629.413 kNm
L=
9.596 m
I=
0.4x3.19^3/12=
E = 5000 25

abd =

0.0048
0.0035

4
1.082 m

25000 MPa
25000000 kN/sq.m

400x2629.413x9.596x10^-3/(25000000x1.083)
3.73E-04
<
0.0035

Check for Friction


gd <= 0.2 + 0.1 sm
sm =
0.2+0.1x140=

3.59
0.559

>

Check for Total Shear Stress


tc + tg + t a <= 5
tc = 1.5 sm/S =1.5x3.586/8.055=
Where
tg = gd =
0.26 MPa
ta = 0.5 (b/hi)2 abi
=0.5x(192/8)^2x0.0049
=
0.668

0.26

2.317 < 5.0MPa

Design of Aqueduct

0.359

Design of Bearing(E)

0.26

0.668 MPa

1.387
+

1.387

DESIGN OF BEARING(AT F)

Node
11
651

Node
11
651

Node
11
651

REACTION FOR EMPTY CONDITION


L/C
FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
651
0.783
55.665
0
651
0.783
55.665
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR CANAL FULL CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
652
0.027
85.326
0
652
0.027
85.326
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR LIVE LOAD CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
146
0.482
5.722
0
146
0.317
4.580
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max Reaction Due to D.L =


Max Reaction Due to L.L =
Min Reaction Due to L.L =
Total Max Reaction =
Total Min Reaction =

85.326
5.722
4.58
91.048
89.906

t
t
t
t
t

Adpot a Bearing of Size =

400

Nmax =
Nmin =

920 kN >
180 kN <

893.181 kN
881.978 kN
x

250

893.181 kN(10% Excess load permitted)


881.978 kN

Check for Bearing Stress


Actual Bearing Stress =
Bearing Area =

Load/Bearing Area
2
1.95E+05 mm

Actual Bearing Stress =

893180.9
1.95E+05

Allowable Bearing Stress


sc = A1/A2 s cc

4.58 MPa

1000
850

A1 =
A1 =
A2 =
sc =

1000
x
850000 sq.mm

150
850

195000 sq.mm
A1/A2 =
2.088 but >
2.0

2.0
6.25 =

12.5 MPa
> 4.58

Check for Plan Dimensions


Thickness of Each Elasomer Layer hi =
Thickness of Steel Laminates hs =
Minimum No of internal Elastomer Layers =n=

10 mm App I IRC 83 - II
4 mm
2 Nos

Thickness of Outer layer (he) = hi/2 or 6 mm whichever is greater


6 mm
Overall thickness of Bearing =
10x2+4x3+6x2=
44 mm
Overall Dimension of Bearing =
400
x
250
x 44
(a) lo/bo =
400
=
1.600
< 2.0
250
(b)bo/5 >=

h >=

bo/10

50>44>25
(c)Shape Factor
S = ab/2 hi(a+b)
a=
b=
S=

400
250

-2x6=
-2x6=

388
238

7.38

92344
12520

mm
mm
>6 & <12

Check for Translation


gd <= 0.7
gbd = D bd/h +t md
Longitudinal Strain =
Dd=

0.000500 ( Due to Creep and Shrinkage)

(9.98-2x0.192)x0.0005/2=

0.002399 m
2.399 mm
44
32

h =Total Elastomer Thickness =

Average Shear Stress

t md =

H/A

H = Horizontal Load on Bearing


Braking Force 20% =

0.2

Seismic Force

0.01

Resultant Horizontal Force =H =


A=
t md =
gbd =

14346.18
195000

2.399
+
32
0.15 <0.7 MPa

x
56.133
11.23 kN
x

893.1809
8.93 kN

14.346 kN

195000 sq.mm
=
0.074

0.074

12
mm

Check for Rotation


ad <= b n abi max
abi max =

abd =

0.5 sm hi
b S2
sm=
10
hi =
12
mm
b=
238
n=
2
b = sm a/10 =
4.58
=
10
abi max =
60
=
12947.49
b n abi max = 0.459x2x0.005=
400 Mmax L10-3/(EI)
M Max
2629.413 kNm
L=
9.596 m
I=
0.4x3.19^3/12=
E = 5000 25

abd =

0.458
0.0046
0.0042

4
1.082 m

25000 MPa
25000000 kN/sq.m

400x2629.413x9.596x10^-3/(25000000x1.083)
3.73E-04
<
0.0042

Check for Friction


gd <= 0.2 + 0.1 sm
sm =
0.2+0.1x140=

4.58
0.658

>

Check for Total Shear Stress


tc + tg + t a <= 5
tc = 1.5 sm/S =1.5x4.581/7.376=
Where
tg = gd =
0.15 MPa
ta = 0.5 (b/hi)2 abi
=0.5x(238/10)^2x0.0047
=
0.932

2.393 < 5.0MPa

0.15

0.15

0.932 MPa

1.312
+

1.312

DESIGN OF BEARING(AT G)

Node
21
661

Node
21
661

Node
21
661

REACTION FOR EMPTY CONDITION


L/C
FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
651
0.045
42.509
0
651
0.045
42.509
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR CANAL FULL CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
652
0.781
72.494
0
652
0.781
72.494
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR LIVE LOAD CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
146
0.249
0.095
0
146
0.249
0.095
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max Reaction Due to D.L =


Max Reaction Due to L.L =
Min Reaction Due to L.L =
Total Max Reaction =
Total Min Reaction =

72.494
0.095
0.095
72.59
72.589

t
t
t
t
t

Adpot a Bearing of Size =

400

Nmax =
Nmin =

700 kN >
150 kN <

712.0981 kN
712.0981 kN
x

200

712.0981 kN(10% Excess load permitted)


712.0981 kN

Check for Bearing Stress


Actual Bearing Stress =
Bearing Area =

Load/Bearing Area
2
1.95E+05 mm

Actual Bearing Stress =

712098.1
1.95E+05

Allowable Bearing Stress


sc = A1/A2 s cc

3.65 MPa

1000
800

A1 =
A1 =
A2 =
sc =

1000
x
800000 sq.mm

150
800

195000 sq.mm
A1/A2 =
2.025 but >
2.0

2.0
6.25 =

12.5 MPa
> 3.65

Check for Plan Dimensions


Thickness of Each Elasomer Layer hi =
Thickness of Steel Laminates hs =
Minimum No of internal Elastomer Layers =n=

8 mm App I IRC 83 - II
4 mm
2 Nos

Thickness of Outer layer (he) = hi/2 or 6 mm whichever is greater


6 mm
Overall thickness of Bearing =
8x2+4x3+6x2=
40 mm
Overall Dimension of Bearing =
400
x
200
x 40
(a) lo/bo =
400
=
2.000
< 2.0
200
(b)bo/5 >=

h >=

bo/10

40>40>20
(c)Shape Factor
S = ab/2 hi(a+b)
a=
b=
S=

400
200

-2x6=
-2x6=

388
188

7.91

72944
9216

mm
mm
>6 & <12

Check for Translation


gd <= 0.7
gbd = D bd/h +t md
Longitudinal Strain =
Dd=

0.000500 ( Due to Creep and Shrinkage)

(9.98-2x0.192)x0.0005/2=

0.002399 m
2.399 mm
40
28

h =Total Elastomer Thickness =

Average Shear Stress

t md =

H/A

H = Horizontal Load on Bearing


Braking Force 20% =

0.2

0.932
0.19 kN

Seismic Force

0.01

Resultant Horizontal Force =H =


A=
t md =
gbd =

7123.42
195000

2.399
+
28
0.12 <0.7 MPa

712.0981
7.12 kN

7.123 kN

195000 sq.mm
=
0.037

0.037

12
mm

Check for Rotation


ad <= b n abi max
abi max =

abd =

0.5 sm hi
b S2
sm=
10
hi =
12
mm
b=
188
n=
2
b = sm a/10 =
3.65
=
10
abi max =
60
=
11777.47
b n abi max = 0.366x2x0.006=
400 Mmax L10-3/(EI)
M Max
2629.413 kNm
L=
9.596 m
I=
0.4x3.19^3/12=
E = 5000 25

abd =

0.365
0.0051
0.0037

4
1.082 m

25000 MPa
25000000 kN/sq.m

400x2629.413x9.596x10^-3/(25000000x1.083)
3.73E-04
<
0.0037

Check for Friction


gd <= 0.2 + 0.1 sm
sm =
0.2+0.1x140=

3.65
0.565

>

Check for Total Shear Stress


tc + tg + ta <= 5
tc = 1.5 sm/S =1.5x3.652/7.915=
Where
tg = gd =
0.12 MPa
ta = 0.5 (b/hi)2 abi
=0.5x(188/8)^2x0.0051
=
0.692

2.221 < 5.0MPa

0.12

0.12

0.692 MPa

1.407
+

1.407

DESIGN OF BEARING(AT H)

Node
31
671

Node
31
371

Node
31
371

REACTION FOR EMPTY CONDITION


L/C
FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
651
2.04
34.248
0
651
2.04
34.248
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR CANAL FULL CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
652
4.84
48.442
0
652
4.84
48.442
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

REACTION FOR LIVE LOAD CONDITION


FX
FY
FZ
(Mton)
(Mton)
(Mton)
146
0
0.031
0
146
0
0.031
0

MX
MY
MZ
(MTon-m) (MTon-m) (MTon-m)
0
0
0
0
0
0

Max Reaction Due to D.L =


Max Reaction Due to L.L =
Min Reaction Due to L.L =
Total Max Reaction =
Total Min Reaction =

48.442
0.031
0.031
48.473
48.473

t
t
t
t
t

Adpot a Bearing of Size =

320

Nmax =
Nmin =

580 kN >
120 kN <

475.5201 kN
475.5201 kN
x

200

475.5201 kN(10% Excess load permitted)


475.5201 kN

Check for Bearing Stress


Actual Bearing Stress =
Bearing Area =

Load/Bearing Area
2
1.95E+05 mm

Actual Bearing Stress =

475520.1
1.95E+05

Allowable Bearing Stress


sc = A1/A2 s cc

2.44 MPa

920
800

A1 =
A1 =
A2 =
sc =

920
x
736000 sq.mm

150
800

195000 sq.mm
A1/A2 =
1.943 but >
2.0

2.0
6.25 =

12.5 MPa
> 2.44

Check for Plan Dimensions


Thickness of Each Elasomer Layer hi =
Thickness of Steel Laminates hs =
Minimum No of internal Elastomer Layers =n=

8 mm App I IRC 83 - II
4 mm
2 Nos

Thickness of Outer layer (he) = hi/2 or 6 mm whichever is greater


6 mm
Overall thickness of Bearing =
8x2+4x3+6x2=
40 mm
Overall Dimension of Bearing =
320
x
200
x 40
(a) lo/bo =
320
=
1.600
< 2.0
200
(b)bo/5 >=

h >=

bo/10

40>40>20
(c)Shape Factor
S = ab/2 hi(a+b)
a=
b=
S=

320
200

-2x6=
-2x6=

308
188

7.30

57904
7936

mm
mm
>6 & <12

Check for Translation


gd <= 0.7
gbd = D bd/h +t md
Longitudinal Strain =
Dd=

0.000500 ( Due to Creep and Shrinkage)

(9.98-2x0.192)x0.0005/2=

0.002399 m
2.399 mm
40
28

h =Total Elastomer Thickness =

Average Shear Stress

t md =

H/A

H = Horizontal Load on Bearing


Braking Force 20% =

0.2

0.304
0.06 kN

Seismic Force

0.01

Resultant Horizontal Force =H =


A=
t md =
gbd =

4755.59
195000

2.399
+
28
0.11 <0.7 MPa

Check for Rotation


ad <= b n abi max
abi max =

0.5 sm hi
b S2

475.5201
4.76 kN

4.756 kN

195000 sq.mm
=
0.024

0.024

12
mm

sm=
hi =
b=
n=
b = sm a/10 =

abd =

10
12
mm
188
2
2.44
=
10
abi max =
60
=
10008.56
b n abi max = 0.244x2x0.006=
400 Mmax L10-3/(EI)
M Max
2629.413 kNm
L=
9.596 m
I=
0.4x3.19^3/12=
E = 5000 25

abd =

0.244
0.0060
0.0029

4
1.082 m

25000 MPa
25000000 kN/sq.m

400x2629.413x9.596x10^-3/(25000000x1.083)
3.73E-04
<
0.0029

Check for Friction


gd <= 0.2 + 0.1 sm
sm =
0.2+0.1x140=

2.44
0.444

>

Check for Total Shear Stress


tc + tg + ta <= 5
tc = 1.5 sm/S =1.5x2.439/7.297=
Where
tg = gd =
0.11 MPa
ta = 0.5 (b/hi)2 abi
=0.5x(188/8)^2x0.006
=
0.501

2.267 < 5.0MPa

0.11

0.11

0.501 MPa

1.655
+

1.655