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Physics for you | JUly 13 43

Page 43
1. When an additional charge of 2 C is given to a
capacitor, energy stored in it is increased by 21%.
The original charge of the capacitor is
(a) 30 C (b) 40 C (c) 10 C (d) 20 C
2. When a potential diference of 10
3
V is applied
between A and B, a charge of 0.75 mC is stored
in the system of capacitors as shown. The value
of C is (in mF)

2 F 2 F
10 V
3
C
F

2 F
2 F
(a)
1
2
(b) 2 (c) 2.5 (d) 3
3. See the diagram. Area
P
Q
R
{
{
d
2d
of each plate is 2.0 m
2

and d = 2 10
3
m. A
charge of 8.85 10
8
C
is given to Q. Then the
potential of Q becomes
(a) 13 V
(b) 10 V
(c) 6.67 V (d) 8.825 V
4. Three conductors draw currents of 1 A, 2 A and
3 A respectively, when connected in turn across
a batery. If they are connected in series and the
combination is connected across the same batery,
the current drawn will be
(a)
2
7
A (b)
3
7
A (c)
4
7
A (d)
5
7
A
5. In the circuit, R
1
= R
2
. The value of E and R
1
are
______ (E EMF, R
1
resistance)
R
1
R
2
E
r = 0
1.5 A
(a) 180 V, 60 W (b) 120 V, 60 W
(c) 180 V, 10 W (d) 120 V, 10 W
Karnataka CET
SOLVED PAPER
6. Masses of three wires of copper are in the ratio
of 1 : 3 : 5 and their lengths are in the ratio of
5 : 3 : 1. The ratio of their electrical resistances is
(a) 1 : 3 : 5 (b) 5 : 3 : 1
(c) 1 : 15 : 125 (d) 125 : 15 : 1
7. For a transformer, the turns ratio is 3 and its
efciency is 0.75. The current fowing in the primary
coil is 2 A and the voltage applied to it is 100 V.
Then the voltage and the current fowing in the
secondary coil are _______ respectively.
(a) 150 V, 1.5 A (b) 300 V, 0.5 A
(c) 300 V, 1.5 A (d) 150 V, 0.5 A
8. A proton and helium nucleus are shot into a
magnetic feld at right angles to the feld with
same kinetic energy. Then the ratio of their radii is
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 2 : 1 (d) 1 : 4
9. Two identical circular coils A and B are kept on
a horizontal tube side by side without touching
each other. If the current in the coil A increases
with time, in response, the coil B
(a) is atracted by A (b) remains stationary
(c) is repelled (d) rotates
10. In the diagram, I
1
, I
2
are
O
R
I
1
I
2
B
R
A
the strength of the currents
in the loop and straight
conductors respectively.
OA = OB = R. The net magnetic
feld at the centre O is zero.
Then the ratio of the currents
in the loop and the straight
conductors is
(a) p (b) 2p (c)
1

(d)
1
2
11. Two tangent galvanometers, which are identical except
in their number of turns are connected in parallel.
The ratio of their resistances of the coils is 1 : 3. If
the defections in the two tangent galvanometers
are 30 and 60 respectively, then the ratio of their
number of turns is
(a) 1 : 1 (b) 3 : 1 (c) 1 : 2 (d) 1 : 6
44 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 44
12. A charged particle with a velocity 2 10
3
ms
1
passes
undefected through electric feld and magnetic felds
in mutually perpendicular directions. The magnetic
feld is 1.5 T. The magnitude of electric feld will be
(a) 1.5 10
3
NC
1
(b) 2 10
3
NC
1
(c) 3 10
3
NC
1
(d) 1.33 10
3
NC
1
13. In R-L-C series circuit, the potential diferences
across each element is 20 V. Now the value of
the resistance alone is doubled, then P.D. across
R, L and C respectively
(a) 20 V, 10 V, 10 V (b) 20 V, 20 V, 20 V
(c) 20 V, 40 V, 40 V (d) 10 V, 20 V, 20 V
14. A rectangul ar coi l of 100 turns and si ze
0.1 m 0.05 m is placed perpendicular to a
magnetic field of 0.1 T. If the field drops to
0.05 T in 0.05 second, the magnitude of the e.m.f.
induced in the coil is
(a) 2 (b) 3

(c) 0 6 . (d) 6
15. In the circuit diagram, heat produces in R, 2R
and 1.5R are in the ratio of

1.5R
R
2R
(a) 4 : 2 : 3 (b) 8 : 4 : 27
(c) 2 : 4 : 3 (d) 27 : 8 : 4
16. A series combination of resistor (R), capacitor
(C) is connected to an A.C. source of angular
frequency w. Keeping the voltage same, if the
frequency is changed to

3
, the current becomes
half of the original current. Then the ratio of the
capacitive reactance and resistance at the former
frequency is
(a) 0 6 . (b) 3
(c)
2
(d)
6
17. Pi ck out the correct statement from the
following:
(a) Mercury vapour lamp produces line emission
spectrum.
(b) Oil fame produces line emission spectrum.
(c) Band spectrum helps us to study molecular
structure.
(d) Sunlight spectrum is an example for line
absorption spectrum.
18. Light emited during the de excitation of electron
from n = 3 to n = 2, when incident on a metal,
photoelectrons are just emited from that metal. In
which of the following deexcitations photoelectric
efect is not possible?
(a) From n = 2 to n = 1 (b) From n = 3 to n = 1
(c) From n = 5 to n = 2 (d) From n = 4 to n = 3
19. The additional energy that should be given to
an electron to reduce its de-Broglie wavelength
from 1 nm to 0.5 nm is
(a) 2 times the initial kinetic energy
(b) 3 times the initial kinetic energy
(c) 0.5 times the initial kinetic energy
(d) 4 times the initial kinetic energy
20. The ionisation energy of an electron in the ground
state of helium atom is 24.6 eV. The energy required
to remove both the electron is
(a) 51.8 eV (b) 79 eV
(c) 38.2 eV (d) 49.2 eV
21.

____________
3E
____________
5E/3
____________
E
The fgure shows the energy level of certain atom.
When the electron deexcites from 3E to E, an
electromagnetic wave of wavelength l is emited.
What is the wavelength of the electromagnetic
wave emited when the electron de excites from
5
3
E
to E?
(a) 3l (b) 2l (c) 5l (d)
3
5

22. Maximum velocity of the photoelectron emited


by a metal is 1.8 10
6
ms
1
. Take the value of
specifc charge of the electron is 1.8 10
11
C kg
1
.
Then the stopping potential in volt is
(a) 1 (b) 3 (c) 9 (d) 6
23. l
1
and l
2
are used to illuminate the slits. b
1
and
b
2
are the corresponding fringe widths. The
wavelength l
1
can produce photoelectric efect
when incident on a metal. But the wavelength
l
2
cannot produce photoelectric efect. The correct
relation between b
1
and b
2
is
(a) b
1
< b
2
(b) b
1
= b
2
(c) b
1
> b
2
(d) b
1
b
2
24. Pick out the correct statement/s from the
following.
(1) Electron emission during b-decay is always
accompanied by neutrino.
(2) Nuclear force is charge independent.
(3) Fusion is the chief source of stellar energy.
(a) (1), (2) are correct (b) (1), (3) are correct
(c) Only (1) is correct (d) (2), (3) are correct
Physics for you | JUly 13 45
Page 45
25. A nucleus
Z
X
A
emits an a-particle with velocity
n. The recoil speed of the daughter nucleus is
(a)

A 4
4

(b)

4
4

A
(c) n (d)

4
26. A radioactive substance emits 100 beta particles
in the frst 2 seconds and 50 beta particles in the
next 2 seconds. The mean life of the sample is
(a) 4 seconds (b) 2 seconds
(c)
2
0 693 .
seconds (d) 2 0.693 seconds

27. In which of the following statements, the obtained
impure semiconductor is of p-type?
(a) Germanium is doped with bismuth
(b) Silicon is doped with antimony
(c) Germanium is doped with gallium
(d) Silicon is doped with phosphorus
28. The width of the depletion region in a P-N junction
diode is
(a) increased by reverse bias
(b) increased by forward bias
(c) decreased by reverse bias
(d) independent of the bias voltage
29. When the transistor is used as an amplifer
(a) Emiter-base junction must be reverse biased,
Collector-base junction must be forward
biased.
(b) Emiter-base junction must be forward biased,
Collector-base junction must be forward
biased.
(c) Emiter-base junction must be reverse biased,
Collector-base junction must be reverse
biased.
(d) Emiter-base junction must be forward biased,
Collector-base junction must be reverse
biased.
30. Which of the following is not made by quarks?
(a) Neutron (b) Positron
(c) Proton (d) p-meson
31. Which one of the following is NOT correct?
(a) I n f or war d bi ased condi t i on di ode
conducts.
(b) If the packing fraction is negative, the element
is stable.
(c) Binding energy is the energy equivalent to
mass defect.
(d) Radioactive element can undergo spontaneous
fssion.
32. The output of an OR gate is connected to both
the inputs of a NAND gate. The combination will
serve as
(a) AND gate (b) NOT gate
(c) NAND gate (d) NOR gate
33. A and B are the two radioactive elements. The
mixture of these elements show a total activity
of 1200 disintegrations/minute. The half life of
A is 1 day and that of B is 2 days. What will be
the total activity afer 4 days? Given : The initial
number of atoms in A and B are equal.
(a) 200 dis/min (b) 250 dis/min
(c) 500 dis/min (d) 150 dis/min
34. The binding energy/nucleon of deuteron (
1
H
2
)
and the helium atom (
2
He
4
) are 1.1 MeV and
7 MeV respectively. If the two deuteron atoms
fuse to form a single helium atom, then the
energy released is
(a) 26.9 MeV (b) 25.8 MeV
(c) 23.6 MeV (d) 12.9 MeV
35. Which one of the following is NOT correct?
(a) Dimensional formula of thermal conductivity
(K) is M
1
L
1
T
3
K
1
.
(b) Dimensional formula of potential (V) is
M
1
L
2
T
3
A
1
.
(c) Dimensional formula of permeability of free
space(m
0
) is M
1
L
1
T
2
A
2
.
(d) Dimensional formula of RC is M
0
L
0
T
1
.
36. In a lift moving up with an acceleration of
5 ms
2
, a ball is dropped from a height of
1.25 m. The time taken by the ball to reach the
foor of the lif is ......(nearly) (g = 10 ms
2
)
(a) 0.3 second (b) 0.2 second
(c) 0.16 second (d) 0.4 second
37. A gun fres a small bullet with kinetic energy K.
Then kinetic energy of the gun while recoiling
is
(a) K (b) more than K
(c) less than K (d)
K
38. From a fxed support,
30 60
B
two small identical
s p h e r e s a r e
suspended by means
of strings of length
1 m each. They are
pulled aside as shown
and then released. B
is the mean position.
Then the two spheres
collide,
46 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 46
(a) at B afer 0.25 second
(b) at B afer 0.5 second
(c) on the right side of B afer some time
(d) on the right side of B when the strings are
inclined at 15 with B
39. A truck accelerates from speed n to 2n. Work
done in during this is
(a) three times as the work done in accelerating
it from rest to n.
(b) same as the work done in accelerating it from
rest to n.
(c) four times as the work done in accelerating
it from rest to n.
(d) less than the work done in accelerating it
from rest to n.
40. Earth is moving around the Sun in elliptical orbit
as shown. The ratio of OB and OA is R. Then
ratio of Earth at A and B is
A
B
Sun
(a) R
1
(b)
R
(c) R (d) R
2/3
41. A projectile is projected at 10 ms
1
by making at
an angle 60 to the horizontal. Afer some time its
velocity makes an angle of 30 to the horizontal.
Its speed at this instant is
(a)
10
3
(b) 10 3 (c)
5
3
(d) 5 3
42. For which combination of working temperatures
of source and sink, the efciency of Carnots heat
engine is maximum?
(a) 600 K, 400 K (b) 400 K, 200 K
(c) 500 K, 300 K (d) 300 K, 100 K
43. A solid cylinder of radius R made of a material
of thermal conductivity K
1
is surrounded by a
cylindrical shell of inner radius R and outer radius
2R made of a material of thermal conductivity
K
2
. The two ends of the combined system are
maintained at two diferent temperatures. Then
there is no loss of heat across the cylindrical
surface and the system is in steady state. The
efective thermal conductivity of the system is
(a) K
1
+ K
2
(b)
K K
K K
1 2
1 2
+
(b)
3
4
1 2
K K +
(d)
K K
1 2
3
4
+
44. Two stars A and B radiate maximum energy at the
wavelengths of 360 nm and 480 nm respectively.
Then the ratio of the surface temperatures of
A and B is
(a) 3 : 4 (b) 81 : 256
(c) 4 : 3 (d) 256 : 81
45. Two solids P and Q foat in water. It is observed
that P foats with half of its volume immersed
and Q foats with
2
3
rd
of its volume is immersed.
The ratio of densities of P and Q is
(a)
4
3
(b)
3
4
(c)
2
3
(d)
3
2
46. The equation of a transverse wave is given by
y = 0.05 sinp(2t 0.02x), where x, y are in metre
and t is in second. The minimum distance of
separation between two particles which are in
phase and the wave velocity are respectively
_______
(a) 50 m, 50 ms
1
(b) 100 m, 100 ms
1
(c) 50 m, 100 ms
1
(d) 100 m, 50 ms
1
47. The frequency of the second overtone of the open
pipe is equal to the frequency of frst overtone
of the closed pipe. The ratio of the lengths of the
open pipe and the closed pipe is
(a) 2 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 1 : 3 (d) 3 : 1
48. A person with vibrating tuning fork of frequency
338 Hz is moving towards a vertical wall with
a speed of 2 ms
1
. Velocity of sound in air is
340 ms
1
. The number of beats heard by that
person per second is
(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 6 (d) 8
49. Pick out the WRONG statement from the
following.
(a) Lateral shif increases as the angle of incidence
increases.
(b) Lateral shif increases as the value of refractive
index increases.
(c) Normal shift decreases as the value of
refractive index increases.
(d) Both normal shift and lateral shift are
directly proportional to the thickness of the
medium.
50. The refraction through the prisms are as shown.
Pick out the WRONG statement from the following.
Path of the light ray in
(ii)
n
2
i) )
n
1
n
3
n
1
n
2
n
3
(iii) (iv)
n
1 n
2 n
3
n
1 n
2
n
3
(a) (i) is correct if n
2
> n
1
and n
2
> n
3
(b) (ii) is correct if n
1
= n
2
and n
2
> n
3
(c) (iii) is correct if n
2
< n
1
and n
2
= n
3
(d) (iv) is correct if n
1
> n
2
and n
2
< n
3
Physics for you | JUly 13 47
Page 47
51. The distance between an object and its real image
produced by a converging lens is 0.72 m. The
magnifcation is 2. What will be the magnifcation
when the object is moved by 0.04 m towards the
lens ?
(a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 3 (d) 6
52. The speed of light in media M
1
and M
2
are
1.5 10
8
ms
1
and 2 10
8
ms
1
respectively. A
ray travels from medium M
1
to the medium
M
2
with an angle of incidence q. The ray sufers
total internal refection. Then the value of the
angle of incidence q is
(a)
>
j
(
,
\
,
(

sin
1
3
4
(b) <
j
(
,
\
,
(

sin
1
3
4
(c)
j
(
,
\
,
(

sin
1
4
3
(d)
j
(
,
\
,
(

sin
1
4
3
53. Which of the following phenomena support the
wave theory of light?
1. Scatering 2. Interference
3. Difraction
4. Velocity of light in a denser medium is less than
the velocity of light in the rarer medium
(a) 1, 2, 3 (b) 1, 2, 4
(c) 2, 3, 4 (d) 1, 3, 4
54. White light refected from a soap flm (Refractive
index = 1.5) has a maxima at 600 nm and a minima
at 450 nm with no minimum in between. Then
the thickness of the flm is _______ 10
7
m.
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4
55. A cylindrical tube of length 0.2 m and radius R
with sugar solution of concentration C produce
a rotation of q in the plane of vibration of a
plane polarized light. The same sugar solution is
transferred to another tube of length 0.3 m of same
radius. The remaining gap is flled by distilled
water. Now the optical rotation produced is
(a) q (b) 2
3

(c) 3
2

(d) 9
4

56. Radii of curvature of a converging lens are in the


ratio 1 : 2. Its focal length is 6 cm and refractive
index is 1.5. Then its radii of curvature are _______
respectively.
(a) 9 cm and 18 cm (b) 6 cm and 12 cm
(c) 3 cm and 6 cm (d) 4.5 cm and 9 cm
57. A small oil drop of mass 10
6
kg is hanging in
at rest between two plates separated by 1 mm
having a potential diference of 500 V. The charge
on the drop is _______ (g = 10 ms
2
)
(a) 2 10
9
C (b) 2 10
11
C
(c) 2 10
6
C (d) 2 10
8
C
58. A uniform electric feld in the plane of the paper
as shown. Here A, B, C, D are the points on the
circle. V
1
, V
2
, V
3
, V
4
are the potentials at those
points respectively. Then
A
E
B
C
D
(a) V
A
= V
C
, V
B
= V
D
(b) V
A
= V
C
, V
B
> V
D
(c) V
A
> V
C
, V
B
> V
D
(d) V
A
= V
B
, V
C
= V
D
59. Two metal spheres of radii 0.01 m and 0.02 m are
given a charge of 15 mC and 45 mC respectively.
They are then connected by a wire. The fnal
charge on the frst sphere is _______ 10
3
C.
(a) 40 (b) 30 (c) 20 (d) 10
60. Two concentric spheres of radii R and r have
positive charges q
1
and q
2
with equal surface
charge densities. What is the electric potential
at their common centre?
(a)

+
0
( ) R r
(b)


0
( ) R r
(c)

+
j
(
,
\
,
(
0
1 1
R r
(d)

j
(
,
\
,
(
0
R
r
solutions
1. (d) : Let Q C be original charge of the capacitor
and C be capacitance of the capacitor.
\ Initial energy stored in the capacitor is

U
Q
C

1
2
2

...(i)
When an additional charge of 2 C is given to a
capacitor, its charge on the capacitor becomes
Q = Q + 2 ...(ii)
Now energy stored in the capacitor is



U
Q
C
1
2
2

...(iii)
As per question

+ U U U U
21
100
121
100

j
(
,
\
,
(
1
2
121
100
1
2
2 2
Q
C
Q
C

(Using (i) and (iii))
Q Q
2 2
121
100
or Q Q
11
10


Q Q + 2
11
10

(Using (ii))
10(Q + 2) = 11Q
10Q + 20 = 11Q or Q = 20 C
50 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 50
2. (b) : Points A and B are not mentioned in the
question paper. Assuming the points A and B as
follows
2 F 2 F
10 V
3
C
F

2 F
2 F
A
B
The equivalent circuit of the given network is as
shown in the fgures.
1 F
10 V
3
C
F

1 F
A
B
1 F C F
A
B
1 F
10 V
3
Hence, the equivalent capacitance between
A and B

C
C
C
C
C
eq

+
+ +

+
+
1 1
1 1
1
2
( )
The charge stored on the system of capacitors is
Q = 0.75 mA = 0.75 10
3
A
As Q = C
eq
V

+
+

0 75 10
1
2
10
3 3
.
( )
( )
C
C
On solving, we get
C = 2
3. (c) : The plates P and Q will form one capacitor
and plates Q and R will form another capacitor.
These two capacitors are connected in parallel as
shown in the fgure.
d
P
Q
R
2d
V
Q
Their efective capacitance is

C
A
d
A
d
A
d
eq
+

0 0 0
2
3
2

Potential of plate Q is

V
q
C
qd
A

eq
2
3
0

Here, A = 2.0 m
2
, d = 2 10
3
m
q = 8.85 10
8
C, e
0
= 8.85 10
12
C
2
N
1
m
2





V
2 8 85 10 2 10
3 8 85 10 2
8 3
12 2 1 2 2
. C m
. C N m m


20
3
6 67 V . V

4. (
*
) : Let R
1
, R
2
and R
3
be resistances of three
conductors respectively.
As per question

R
V
V
1
1


R
1
V
1 A 1 A

R
V V
2
2 2


R
2
V
2 A 2 A

R
V V
3
3 3


R
3
V
3 A 3 A
When they are connected in series, their equivalent
resistance is
R
eq
= R
1
+ R
2
+ R
3
= V
V V
+ +
2 3

+ +
j
(
,
\
,
(
V V 1
1
2
1
3
11
6
R
1
R
2
R
3
V
I I
When they are connected in series, across the
same, batery, then the current in the circuit is

I
V
R
V
V

eq
11
6
6
11
A
* None of the given options is correct.
5. (
*
) : Data is insufcient.
6. (d) : Mass of wire, M = Volume Density
= Al d
or A
M
ld


Resistance of wire,
R
l
A
l
M ld


( / )

or R
l d
M


2
f
o
r

c
o
m
p
l
e
t
e

s
o
l
u
t
i
o
n
r
e
a
d

j
u
l
y

i
s
s
u
e

o
f

p
h
y
s
i
c
s

f
o
r

y
o
u

m
a
g
a
z
i
n
e
Physics for you | JUly 13 51
Page 51
Since all the three wires are made up of same
material, therefore r and d remain the same for
all the three wires.
R
l
M
2
Hence,
R R R
l
M
l
M
l
M
1 2 3
1
2
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
: : : :
5
1
3
3
1
5
2 2 2
: :

25 3
1
5
125 15 1 : : : :
7. (b) : Here,
N
N
I V
s
p
p p
3 0 75 2 100 , . , A, V
For a transformer

N
N
V
V
V
N
N
V
s
p
s
p
s
s
p
p
3 100 300 V V
V
N
N
V
s
s
p
p
3 100 300 V V
Efciency of a transformer,


Output power
Input power
V I
V I
s s
p p

0 75
300
100 2
.
( ) ( )
( ) ( )

V
V A
I
s

I
s

1 5
3
0 5
.
A . A
8. (a) : Kinetic energy of a charged particle,

K mv v
K
m

1
2
2
2
or
Radius of the circular path of a charged particle
in a uniform magnetic feld is

r
mv
qB
m
qB
K
m
Km
qB

2 2
Since K and B are same for both the particles,
r
m
q

r
r
m
m
q
q
p p
q p

(a is a helium nucleus)


m
m
e
e 4
2
1
r
p
: r
a
= 1 : 1
9. (c)
10. (d) :

O
R
I
1
I
2
B
R
A
Magnetic feld at the centre O due to current I
1

in the loop is

B
I
R
1
0 1
4
2

Magnetic feld at the centre O due to current


I
2
through straight conductor is

B
I
R
I
R
2
0 2 0 2
4
2
2 4

As the net magnetic feld at O is zero (given),


therefore B
1
and B
2
are equal in magnitude and
opposite in directions.

0 1 0 2
4
2
4
I
R
I
R

I
I
1
2
1
2

11. (
*
) : For a tangent galvanometer
I
rB
n
H

2
0
tan

where r is the radius of the coil and n is the


number of turns.
For tangent galvanometer 1

I
rB
n
H
1
1 0
2
30

tan
For tangent galvanometer 2

I
rB
n
H
2
2 0
2
60

tan
As they are connected in parallel,
\ V
1
= V
2

I
1
R
1
= I
2
R
2

2 30 2 60
1 0
1
2 0
2
rB
n
R
rB
n
R
H H
tan tan

n
n
R
R
1
2
1
2
30
60
tan
tan


1
3
30
60
1
9
tan
tan

R
R
1
2
1
3

j
(
,
\
,
(
(Given)
*
None of the given options is correct.
12. (c) : As the charged particle passes undefected
through cross electric and magnetic felds
52 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 52
\ qE = qvB,
v
E
B
E vB or
Here, v = 2 10
3
ms
1
, B = 1.5 T
\ E = (2 10
3
ms
1
)(1.5 T) = 3 10
3
NC
1
13. (a)
14. (
*
) : Here,
Area of coil, A = 0.1 m 0.05 m = 5 10
3
m
2
Number of turns, N = 100
Initial fux linked with the coil
f
1
= BAcosq = 0.1 5 10
3
cos0
= 5 10
4
Wb
Final fux linked with the coil
f
2
= 0.05 5 10
3
cos0
= 25 10
5
Wb = 2.5 10
4
wb
The magnitude of induced emf in the coil is



N
t
N
t
|

| | |
2 1



100 2 5 10 5 10
0 05
4 4
| . |
.

100 2 5 10
0 05
0 5
4
.
.
. V V
* None of the given options is correct
15. (b) :

1.5R
R
2R I
I
1
I
2
I
Current in resistance R is

I
I R
R R
I
1
2
2
2
3

+

Heat produced in resistance R in time t is

H I Rt I Rt
1 1
2
2
2
3

j
(
,
\
,
(
Current in resistance 2R is

I
IR
R R
I
2
2
1
3

+

Heat produced in resistance 2R in same time t is

H I Rt I Rt
2 2
2
2
2
1
3
2
j
(
,
\
,
(
Current in resistance 1.5R is
I
3
= I
Heat produced in resistance 1.5R in same time t is
H
3
= I
3
2
(1.5R)t = I
2
(1.5R)t
\ H
1
: H
2
: H
3

j
(
,
\
,
(
j
(
,
\
,
(
2
3
1
3
2 1 5
2 2
2
I Rt I Rt I R t : : ( . )

4
9
2
9
3
2
: : = 8 : 4 : 27
16. (a) : In the frst case,
Capacitive reactance,
X
C
C

1

Impedance of the circuit,



Z R X
C
+
2 2
Current in the circuit

I
V
R
V
R X
C

+
2 2

...(i)
In the second case,



3
\ Capacitive reactance,

X
C
C
C
X
C C
1 1
3
3
3

Impedance of the circuit

+ + Z R X R X
C C
2 2 2 2
9
Current in the circuit

I V
Z
V
R X
C
2
9
2 2


+

...(ii)
Divide (ii) by (i), we get

1
2
9
2 2
2 2

+
+
R X
R X
C
C
Squaring both sides, we get

1
4
9
2 2
2 2

+
+
R X
R X
C
C

R X R X
C C
2 2 2 2
9 4 4 + +

5 3
2 2
X R
C

or

X
R
C

3
5
0 6 .
17. (a, c, d) : Statements (a), (c) and (d) are correct
while statement (b) is incorrect.
18. (d) : According to Bohrs theory energy of the
electron in n
th
state is

E
n
n

13 6
2
.
eV
E
1
2
13 6
1
13 6
.
. eV, E
2
2
13 6
2
3 4
.
. eV

E
3
2
13 6
3
1 5
.
. eV, E
4
2
13 6
4
0 85
.
. eV

E
5
2
13 6
5
0 54
.
. eV
For photoelectric efect energy should be more than
E
3
E
2
= 1.5 eV (3.4 eV) = 1.9 eV
Physics for you | JUly 13 53
Page 53
It is not possible in option (d)
Q E
4
E
3
= 0.85 eV (1.5 eV) = 0.65 eV
It is possible in all other options.
19. (b) : de Broglie wavelength of an electron having
kinetic energy K is

h
m K
e
2
where m
e
is the mass of an electron

2
2
2

h
m K
e

or K
h
m
e

2
2

,
K
1
2

j
(
,
\
,
(

j
(
,
\
,
(

K
K

2 2
1
0 5
4
nm
nm .
K = 4K
Additional energy given = K K = 4K K = 3K
20. (b) : First ionization energy of helium atom is
I
1
= 24.6 eV
Second ionization energy of helium atom is

I
2
2
2
13 6 2
1
54 4
. ( )
( )
. eV eV
\ Energy required to remove both the electrons
from helium atom is
= I
1
+ I
2
= 24.6 eV + 54.4 eV = 79 eV
21. (a) :

l
l
3E
5E/3
E
From fgure,

hc
E E E

3 2

...(i)

hc
E E E

5
3
2
3

...(ii)
Divide (i) by (ii), we get

3 3 or
22. (c) : As
1
2
2
mv eV
S max

where v
max
is the maximum velocity of the electron
and V
S
is the stopping potential.

V
m
e
v
S

1
2
2
max
Here,
e
m
v

1 8 10 1 8 10
11 1 6 1
. , .
max
C kg ms

V
S
1
2
1
1 8 10
1 8 10 9
11
6 2
.
( . ) V
23. (a) : Fringe width,

D
d
\ b l

1
2
1
2
l
1
can produce photoelectric efect and l
2
cannot
produce photoelectric efect.
l
1
< l
2
\ b
1
< b
2
24. (d) : Electron emission during b-decay is always
accompanied by antineutrino.
Hence, statement (a) is incorrect.
While statements (b) and (c) are correct.
25. (b) : According to law of conservation of linear
momentum,
0 = m
D
n
D
+ m
a
n
a
where subscripts D and a represent daughter
nucleus and a-particle respectively.
0 = (A 4)n
D
+ 4n


D
A

4
4 ( )
Negative sign shows the recoil of the daughter
nucleus.
26. (c) : The half life of the radioactive substance
is
T
1/2
= 2 seconds
Mean life =
T
1 2
2
2
0 693
/
ln .
seconds
27. (c) : p-type semiconductor is obtained when silicon
(Si) or germanium (Ge) is doped with trivalent
impurity like, boron(B), aluminium (Al), gallium
(Ga) etc.
n-type semiconductor is obtained when silicon
(Si) or germanium (Ge) is doped with pentavalent
impurity like arsenic (As), antimony(Sb),
bismuth(Bi) etc.
28. (a) : The width of the depletion region in a P-N
junction diode is increased by reverse bias and
decreased by forward bias.
29. (d) : Transistor is used as an amplifier when
emitter-base junction is forward biased and
collector-base junction is reverse biased.
30. (b) : Baryons are made of three quarks and mesons
are made of one quark and one antiquark. On the
other hand, leptons are not made of quarks.
Neutron and proton are baryons.
Positron is a lepton.
p-meson is a meson.
31. (d)
32. (d) :

A
B
Y
A B +
54 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 54
The output Y is

Y A B +
It is Boolean expression of NOR gate.
33. (d)
34. (c) : Binding energy of deuteron (
1
H
2
)
= 2 1.1 MeV = 2.2 MeV
Binding energy of helium atom (
2
He
4
)
= 4 7 MeV = 28 MeV
1
H
2
+
1
H
2

2
He
4
+ Energy released
Energy released = BE of helium 2 BE of deuteron
= 28 MeV 2 2.2 MeV
= 28 MeV 4.4 MeV = 23.6 MeV
35. (b,d) : Thermal conductivity



Heat energy thickness
Area temperature time

[ ]
[ ][ ]
[ ][ ][ ]
[ ] K


ML T L
L K T
M L T K
1 1
2 2
2
3 1
Potential
Work
Charge

[ ]
]
[ ]
[ ] V


[ML T
AT
M L T A
1
2 2
2 3 1
Permeability of free space



2 force distance
current current length
[ ]
[ ][ ][ ]
[ ][ ][ ]
[ ]
0
0 0 0 2
1 1 2 2


M L T MLT L
A A L
M L T A
RC is the time constant of RC circuit.
[RC] = [M
0
L
0
T
1
]
36. (d) : Time taken by the ball to reach the foor of
the lif is

t
h
a g

+
2
Here, h = 1.25 m, g = 10 ms
2
, a = 5 ms
2


+

t
2 1 25
5 10
0 4
2
.
( )
.
m
m s
s
37. (c) : Recoil velocity of the gun, v
mu
M

...(i)
ve sign shows that recoil of the gun
Where m is the mass of the bullet, M is the mass
of the gun and u is the velocity of bullet.
\ Kinetic energy of the bullet,
K mu
1
2
2
Kinetic energy of the gun while recoilling,
K Mv
1
2
2

j
(
,
\
,
(

j
(
,
\
,
(

K
K
M
m
v
u
M
m
m
M
m
M
2
2
2

(Using (i))
As m << M \ K < K
38. (b, c)
39. (a) : Let m be mass of the truck.
According to work-energy theorem
W = K
f
K
i
Work done in accelerating the truck from rest
to speed n is

W m u
1
2
1
2
0 0 ( )

1
2
2
m

...(i)
Work done in accelerating the truck from speed
n to 2n is

W m m
2
2 2
1
2
2
1
2
( ) ( )


j
(
,
\
,
(

3
2
3
1
2
3
2 2
1
m m W

(Using(i))
40. (
*
) : Data is insufcient.
41. (a) :

P
u
v
30
y
x
vcos30
60
O ucos60
u
s
i
n
6
0

Let v be the velocity of the projectile at P when


it makes an angle 30 with the horizontal.
Then
v u cos cos 30 60 10
1
2
5
v



5
30
5
3 2
10
3
1
cos
( / )
ms
42. (d) : Efciency of Carnots engine,



1
2
1
1 2
1
T
T
T T
T

where T
1
and T
2
be the temperatures of source
and sink respectively.
In all four cases, T
1
T
2
= 200 K. Therefore, h is
maximum when T
1
is minimum.
Physics for you | JUly 13 55
Page 55
43. (d) :
K
2
K
1
R
2R
T
1
T
2
L
Area of cross-section of inner cylinder = pR
2

Area of cross-section of outer shell
= p(2R)
2
pR
2
= 3pR
2
Rate of heat fow in inner cylinder

H
K R T T
L
1
1
2
1 2

( )
Rate of heat fow in outer shell

H
K R T T
L
2
2
2
1 2
3

( )
Rate of heat fow in the combined system

H
K R T T
L

4
2
1 2
( )
At steady state,
H = H
1
+ H
2


+
K R T T
L
K R T T
L
K R T T
L
4 3
2
1 2 1
2
1 2 2
2
1 2
( ) ( ) ( )
4K = K
1
+ 3K
2
or K
K K

+
1 2
3
4
44. (c) : According to Weins displacement law
l
max
T = constant

A
B
B
A
T
T
max
max

T
T
A
B
B
A

max
max

480
360
4
3
nm
nm
45. (b) : For solid P,
Let V
P
and r
P
be volume and density of solid
P respectively.
1
2
V
P
1
2
V
P
P
As the solid P is foating in water,
\ Weight of P = weight of water displaced
by P

V g
V
g
P P
P

2
water


P

1
2
water

...(i)
Similarly, for solid Q
1
3
V
Q
2
3
V
Q
Q

V g V g
Q Q Q

2
3
water


Q

2
3
water

...(ii)
Divide (i) by (ii), we get

P
Q

3
4
46. (b) : The given equation of a transverse wave is
y = 0.05 sinp(2t 0.02x) = 0.05 sin(2pt 0.02px)
Compare it with the standard equation,
y = Asin(wt kx)
We get
A = 0.05 m, w = 2p rads
1

k = 0.02p radm
1
The minimum distance between points having
the same phase is known as wavelength of the
wave.


2 2
0 02
100
k .
m
Wave velocity, v
k

2
0 02
100
1
1
1
rads
radm
ms
.
47. (a) : Frequency of the second overtone (i.e. third
harmonic) of the open pipe is


3
2
v
L
O

...(i)
where v is the speed of sound in air and L
O
is
the length of the open pipe.
Frequency of the frst overtone (i.e. third harmonics
of the closed pipe is


3
4
v
L
C
...(ii)
As per question, u = u
56 Physics for you | JUly 13
Page 56

3
2
3
4
v
L
v
L
O C

or

L
L
O
C

2
1
48. (b) : Frequency of tuning fork (source), u = 338 Hz
Velocity of sound, v = 340 ms
1
When the person is moving towards the wall, the
frequency of sound reaching the wall is

v
v v
S

...(i)
On refection wall acts as source and person is
the listener moving towards the source. So the
frequency heard by the person afer refection
from the wall is


+

,
]
]
]

v v
v v
L
S

...(ii)
Substituting the value of u from Eq. (i) in (ii),
we get


+

,
]
]
]

v v
v v
L
S

+

j
(
,
\
,
(
v v
v v
S
S


[As v
L
= v
S
]

,
]
]
]

340 2
340 2
338
342
338
338 342 Hz
\ Number of beats heard per second = u u
= 342 338 = 4
49. (c) : Normal shif = t 1
1

j
(
,
\
,
(

Lateral shif = t i
i
i
sin
cos
sin
1
2 2

j
(
,
,
\
,
(
(

50. (c, d)
51. (b) :

Converging lens (or convex lens) forms a real
image. Let
u = x and v = 2x
Then
3x = 0.72 m

x
0 72
3
0 24 24
.
. m m cm
\ u = 24 m and v = 48 cm
According to thin lens formula

1 1 1
v u f


+
1
48
1
24
1
f

3
48
1

f

or f = 16 cm
When the object is moved by 0.04 m (= 4 cm)
towards the lens, then new object distance is
u = 20 cm
Let v be new image distance.


1 1
20
1
16 v
or

1 1
16
1
20

v

1 1
80

v

or v = 80 cm
+ve sign shows that the image formed by the lens
is behind the lens. It is real image.
New magnifcation,

m
v
u
80
20
4
cm
cm
|m| = 4
52. (a) : Given, v
1
= 1.5 10
8
ms
1

v
2
= 2.0 10
8
ms
1
Refractive index for medium M
1
is

1
1
8 1
8 1
3 10
1 5 10
2

c
v
ms
ms .
Refractive index for medium M
2
is

2
2
8 1
8 1
3 10
2 0 10
3
2

c
v
ms
ms .
If q is the angle of incidence and C is the critical
angle, then for total internal refection
sinq > sinC But sinC

2
1
> > >
j
(
,
\
,
(

sin
/
sin


2
1
1
3 2
2
3
4
or
53. (c)
54. (c) : The condition for an interference maximum in
the light refected from an soap flm of thickness
t is
2
1
2
t n +
j
(
,
\
,
(
where n = 0, 1, 2, .....
and that for interference minimum is
2mt = nl where n = 1, 2, 3,......
Here, m = 1.5. Now there is a maximum for
l = 600 nm and there is minimum for l = 450 nm
+
j
(
,
\
,
(
2 1 5
1
2
600 . t n

...(i)
Physics for you | JUly 13 57
Page 57
2 1.5 t = (n + 1)450 ...(ii)
In view of Eq. (i), we have taken the integer
(n + 1) rather than n in Eq. (ii)
Comparing (i) and (ii), we get
n n +
j
(
,
\
,
(
+
1
2
600 1 450 ( )

\ n = 1
Substituting n = 1, in Eq. (i), we get

2 1 5
3
2
600 . t nm

t


3 600 10
2 2 1 5
3 10
9
7
.
m
55. (a)
56. (d) : Let R
1
= R \ R
2
= 2R
According to lens makers formula

1
1
1 1
1 2
f R R

j
(
,
\
,
(
( )
Here, f = 6 cm, m = 1.5
R
1
= R, R
2
= 2R

j
(
,
\
,
(
1
6
1 5 1
1 1
2
( . )
R R
+
j
(
,
\
,
(
0 5
1 1
2
.
R R

1
6
0 5
3
2

j
(
,
\
,
(
.
R

or
1
6
1 5
2

.
R

R

1 5 6
2
4 5
.
. cm
\ R
1
= 4.5 cm, R
2
= 9 cm
57. (b) : For the drop remains at rest,
Force on the drop due to electric feld
= Weight of the drop
qE = mg

q
V
d
mg E
V
d
j
(
,
\
,
(

j
(
,
\
,
(


q
mgd
V

Here, m = 10
6
kg, d = 1 mm = 10
3
m, V = 500 V,
g = 10 ms
2

q
( )( )( 10 10 10
500
2 10
6 2 3
11
kg ms m)
V
C
58. (
*
) :

A
E
B
C
D
In the direction of electric feld, electrical potential
decreases.
\ V
C
> V
A
= V
B
> V
D
or V
C
> V
D
, V
A
= V
B
* None of the given options is correct.
59. (c) : The situation is as shown in the fgure.
0
.
0
1

m
0
.
0
2

m
45 mC
15 mC
When they are connected by a wire the charge
fows and both the spheres atain the common
potential which is given by

V
Q Q
C C
Q Q
R R

+
+

+
+
1 2
1 2
1 2
0 1 2
4 ( )

...(i)
\ Final charge on the frst sphere is

+
+
Q C V
R Q Q
R R
1 1
0 1 1 2
0 1 2
4
4

( )
( )
(Using (i))

+
+
R Q Q
R R
1 1 2
1 2
( )
Here, R
1
= 0.01 m, R
2
= 0.02 m
Q
1
= 15 mC = 15 10
3
C
Q
2
= 45 mC = 45 10
3
C


+
+

Q
1
3 3
0 01 15 10 45 10
0 01 0 02
. ( )
. .

0 01 60 10
0 03
20 10
3
3
.
.
C
60. (a) : The situation is as shown in the fgure.
According to the problem
q
1
q
2
O
r
R
s
1
= s
2
= s

q
R
q R
1
2
1
2
4
4

or
and or
q
r
q r
2
2
2
2
4
4


Electric potential at the common centre O is
V = V
1
+ V
2

1
4
1
4
0
1
0
2

q
R
q
r

+
,

,
]
]
]
1
4
0
1 2

q
R
q
r

+
,

,
,
]
]
]
]
1
4
4 4
0
2 2

R
R
r
r

+
4
4
0

[( )] ( ) R r R r
nn