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VG COMMANDS

lsvg Display all VGs


lsvg -o Display all active VGs
lsvg rootvg Display info about rootvg
lsvg -l rootvg Display info about all LVs in rootvg
lsvg -o |lsvg -il Display info about all LVs in all VGs
lsvg -p rootvg Display info about all PVs in rootvg
mkvg -s 8 hdisk1 Create VG with name vgxx on hdisk1 with partition size
8MB
mkvg -s 8 -y sivg hdisk1 Create VG with name sivg on hdisk1 with partition size 8MB
mkvg -s 4 -t 2 -y sivg hdisk1 Create sivg on hdisk1 with PP size 4 and no of partions 2 * 1016
chvg -a y newvg To cuase VG newvg automatically activated at startup
chvg -a n newvg To deactivate the automatic activation at startup
chvg -t 2 newvg To change maximum no. of PP to 2032 on vg newvg
chvg -Q n newvg To disable quorum on VG newvg
reorgvg newvg Reorganises PP allocation of VG newvg
extendvg newvg hdisk3 hdisk4 Add PV hdisk3 and hdisk4 to VG newvg
exportvg newvg Exports the VG newvg
importvg -V 44 -y newvg hdisk2 Import the hdisk2 with name newvg, and assign major number 44
redcucevg newvg hdisk3 Remove PV hdisk3 from VG newvg
varyoffvg newvg To deactviate VG newvg
varyonvg newvg To activate VG newvg
syncvg -v sivg To sync the mirrored LV in the VG sivg
mirrorvg -S -m sivg hdisk2 To mirror LVs of sivg with hdisk2 (-m for exact mirror, -S
forbackground mirror)
unmirrorvg sivg hdisk2 To remove the mirrored PV from the set.

FS COMMANDS
lsfs Lists all filesystems in the /etc/filesystems entry
lsfs -q List all filesystems with detailed info
lsfs -a To list all filesystems (default)
lsfs -l Specify the output in list format
lsfs -c Specify the output in column format
lsfs -v jfs Lists all jfs filesystems
chfs -a size=24576 /si Change size of FS /si to 24576 x 512 bytes blocks (12 MB)
chfs -a size=+24576 /si Add 24576 x 512 byte blocks to FS /si
chfs -asize=-500M /file/system you can also decrease size
chfs -m /si /bi Change the mount point from /si to /bi
chfs -A /si To auto mount the filesystem si
chfs -d account /si Remove account attribute of /si. ( from /etc/filesystems file)
chfs -a splitcopy=/backup -a copy=2 /oracle This will mount the 2nd copy of mirrored filesystem oracle
to
/backup in read-only mode
crfs -v jfs -g testvg -a size=64465 -m /siju Creates FS /siju of type jfs in VG testvg of blocksize 64465
crfs -v jfs -d /dev/lv00 -m /siju Create FS /siju of type jfs on device /dev/lv00
rmfs /siju Deletes FS /siju and associated LV
rmfs -r /siju Deletes FS /siju its mount point and associated LV
defragfs /sifs To defragment the file system /sifs
defragfs -q /sifs Display the current defrag status of the file system
fsck -y n /dev/lv00 To fsck the filesystem associated to /dev/lv00 assuming response "yes"
fsck -p /dev/lv00 To restore superblock from backup superblock

PV COMMANDS
lspv hdisk0 Display status and characteristics of the PV
lspv -p hdisk0 Display PP usage of hdisk0
lspv -l hdisk0 To list all logical volumes on PV hdisk0
chpv -v r hdisk1 Close the PV (Used while removing PV without varyon)
chpv -v a hdisk1 Open the PV
chpv -c hdisk0 Clear the master boot record on PV hdisk0
migratepv hdisk1 hdisk2 To move PPs from PV hdisk1 to hdisk2
migratepv -l silv hdisk1 hdisk2 To migrate LV silv from PV hdisk1 to hdisk2

LV COMMANDS
lslv -l lv00 Display info about LV by PV
lslv -p hdisk1 Display LV allocation map for hdisk1
chlv -t copy lv00 To change the lv00 to copy type
chlv –n silv lv00 To rename lv00 to silv
chlv -x 950 ora1data_lv To change the ora1data_lv to <XXX to 950 PP>
chlv -p r lv00 To change the lv00 to readonly mode
rmlv silv To remove silv
rmlv -f silv To remove silv without user intervention
mklv -s n -c 3 silv hdisk1 To make LV silv with three copies on hdisk1
extendlv silv 5 To extend the LV silv with 5 LPs
mklvcopy -s n lvsi 2 hdisk1 To mirror LV lvsi on same PV with 2 copies
mklvcopy lvsi 3 hdisk1 hdisk2 To mirror LV lvsi on PV hdisk1 and hdisk2 with 3 copies
rmlvcopy lvsi 2 hdisk1 Will remove one copy of LV lsvi from hdisk1
mklv -t jfslog -y log00 newvg 2 To create a jfslog with name log00 on VG newvg with 2LPs
logform /dev/log00 To format jfslog volume log00
mklv/extendlv -a = PP alocation policy
-am = middle -ac = center -ae = edge
-aie = inner edge -aim = inner middle
migratepv -l (lv) (old pv) (new pv)
Move a logical volume between physical volumes. Both physical volumes
must be in the same volume group !
mklv -y (lv) -t jfslog (vg) (No of PP's) (pv Name optional)
Creates a JFSlog logical volume.
logform (/dev/lv) Initialises an LV for use as an JFSlog
getlvcb -AT (lv) Displays Logical Volume Control Block information

BLV COMMANDS
bootlist -m normal -o To see the boot sequence in normal mode
bootlist -m service -o To see the boot sequence in service mode
bootlist -m normal cd0 hdisk0 To change boot sequence to cd0,hdisk0 in normal mode
bootlist -m service cd0 rmt0 hdisk0 To change boot sequence to cd0,rmt0,hdisk0 in service mode
bosboot -ad /dev/hdisk1 To create boot image on PV hdisk1
mkboot -cd /dev/hdisk1 To clear the boot image
bootinfo -b Specifies the bootable disk
bootinfo - t Specifies the type of boot
bootinfo -e Check the machine can boot from tape
bootinfo -T To see the machine hardware type
bootinfo -s hdisk0 To see the size of hdisk0
bootinfo -r To see the size of memory
bootinfo –k To see the key position
bootinfo –m To see the machine model code
bootinfo –o hdisk0 To list the location code of hdisk0
bootinfo –z To see the machine is multiprocessor capable
bootinfo –p To see the machine
bosboot -a -d (/dev/pv) Creates a complete boot image on a physical volume.
mkboot -c -d (/dev/pv) Zero's out the boot records on the physical volume.
savebase -d (/dev/pv) Saves customised ODM info onto the boot device.

PAGE SPACE COMMANDS


lsps -a To list out all paging spaces
lsps hd6 To display the details of the paging space hd6
chps -a y paging00 To turn on the paging space paging00
chps -a n paging00 To turn off the paging space paging00
chps -s4 paging00 To increase the size of the paging space in 4 LP blocks
mkps -a -n -s4 sivg To create a paging space on VG sivg of 4 LP size (-s4) and activate it
immediately (-n) and activate it at every restarts
rmps paging00 To remove the paging space paging00
swapon -a To invoke all entries in /etc/swapspaces file
swapon /dev/paging00 To make available swap space paging00

SYSTEM DUMP COMMANDS


sysdumpdev -l To list the current dump destination
sysdumpdev -L List the details of the previous dump
sysdumpstart -p Starts dump in the primary dump device
sysdumpstart -s Starts dump in the secondary dump device
sysdumpdev -p /dev/lv00 To make lv00 as primary dump device
sysdumpdev -P -p /dev/lv00 To make lv00 as primary dump device permanently
sysdumpdev -s /dev/rmt0 To make rmt0 as secondary dump device
sysdumpdev -z To determine a new system dump occurred

SYSTEM DUMP
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
sysdumpdev -e Estimates dumpsize of the current system in bytes.
(MCA machine can also dump if key is in service position and the reset
button is pressed)
sysdumpdev -p (dump device) -P Sets the default dump device, permanently
Analyse dump file :-
echo "stat\n status\n t -m" | crash /var/adm/ras/vmcore.0

Device related commands


cfgmgr To configure devices and installs device software in system
cfgmgr -l vscsi0 To configure the components connected to the vscsi0 interface
lscfg To display config, diagnostics and vital product definition info
lscfg -l mem0 Display info about device mem0
lscfg -l ent* Display info about all Ethernet cards
lscfg -v Display vpd
lscfg -v -l hdisk0 Display vpd of hdisk0
mkdev -l rmt0 To change device rmt0 from defined state to available state
lsdev -P To lists all supported devices
lsdev -P -c disk To list all supported disks
lscfg -vp|grep -ip cabinet To list all cabinets
lsdev -P -r class To display supported class
lsdev -P -r subclass To display all sub class
lsdev -C To lists all configured devices
lsdev -C -l mem0 To display the properties of mem0
chdev -l sys0 -a maxproc=100 To change default maxproc value to 100
chdev -l rmt0 -a blocksize=512 To change the block size to 512
chdev -l rmt0 -a ret=no To avoid tape retension
rmdev -l rmt0 To remove the device rmt0
rmdev -d -l rmt0 To remove the device totally from database
rmdev -l rmt0 -S To change the state of the device stopped
lsparent -C -k rs232 To display possible parent devices which accept rs232 devices
lsparent -C -l hdisk0 To display parent devices which accept child device hdisk0
lsattr -Dl rmt0 To see the default values of the device rmt0
lsattr -El rmt0 To see the current values of the device rmt0
lsattr -El tty0 -a login -R To see all possible values of the login attribute of tty0
lsattr -R -l ent0 -a media_speed
lsconn -p scsi0 To list all possible connection scsi0 can accept
lvlstmajor To list the available major numbers
mknod /dev/null c 2 2 Create null device with major (2) and minor (2) nos. (c - char device)
lsattr -E -l sys0 -a maxuproc

Console emulation commands


lscons To list the current console
lscons -b To list the console at next boot
chcons /dev/tty3 To change the console to tty3
chcons -a login=enable /dev/tty3 Redirect console to tty3 and provide login prompt
swcons /dev/tty3 To change system console to tty3 temporarily
alog -L –t console To see the current attributes of log type console
alog –t console –o To see the console messages
alog –t boot –o To see the boot time messages

Installation specific commands


lslpp -l To see the details of installed file sets
lslpp -ha bos.net.* To list the installation history of all file set in bos.net packages
lslpp -f bos.rte To list the files in the bos.rte package
lslpp -w /etc/hosts To list the file set which contain /etc/hosts file
lslpp -p bos.net.nfs.server To list the pre requisites for bos.net.nfs.server file set
installp -L -d /dev/rmt0.1 To list the installable products on the device rmt0
installp -aX -d /dev/rmt0.1 bos.net To install all filesets within bos.net and expands file system if it
requires
installp -u bos.net To remove bos.net
installp -r To reject the applied software
installp -c -f <product> To commit the <product>
installp -C To cleanup an incomplete installation
lppchk -c <product> To check the <product>
instfix -k IX9999 -d /dev/rmt0.1 To install the file set associated with fix IX9999 from rmt0
instfix -ik IX9999 To verify fix IX9999 installed

Network related commands


host 193.9.200.1 Resolves ip to host name (from /etc/hosts file)
host ibm Resolve ibm to ip address (from /etc/hosts file)
hostname ibm To change the host name to ibm
entstat en0 To the status of ethernet device en0
entstat -d en0 To list the detailed status of device en0
no -a To list all net configurable attributes and their values
no -d thewall To change thewall parameter to its default value
no -o ipforwarding=1 To make the machine as router in tcpip networks
traceroute ibm To trace the route to ibm
ping ibm To tcp ping to the machine ibm
ifconfig -a To show the status of all network interfaces
ifconfig en0 To show the status of en0
ifconfig en0 up Turns on network card en0
ifconfig en0 down Turns off network card en0
ifconfig en0 detach Removes en0 card from the network interface list
ifconfig en0 inet 194.35.52.1 netmask 255.255.255.0 up
Configure en0 starts immediately
ifconfig en0 alias 195.60.60.1 Create alias ip address for en0
route add 0 192.100.13.7 To make 192.100.13.7 as default gateway for entire network
route add 192.100.12.0 192.100.13.7 To make 13.7 as gateway for 12.0 network
route -f To clear the gateway table
chdev -l inet0 -a hostname=si To change the host name to si permanently
netstat -a To show the state of all sockets
netstat -c To show the network buffers cache
netstat -D To show the net drops of packets
netstat -i To display interface statistics
netstat -r To show the routing table
netstat -rn To show routing table (ip will be given instead of host names)
netstat -s To show the statistics of the protocols
netstat -s -p < tcp/udp/ipv6> To show the statistics of respective protocols

Space usage commands


du -k To list number of bytes in 1k blocks
du -l To list number of bytes in 512 bytes blocks
du -s To list only the total disk usage in the current directory
df -i To display no of free and used inodes
df -k To display diskspace in 1024 bytes format
pstat –s Page space information
dumpfs <disk> shows superblock, i-node map and disk map information for the file
system specified.
Ex : dumpfs /dev/hd3|more
/dev/hd3:

magic 0x43218765 cpu type 0x0


file system type 0 file system version 0
file system size 196608 fragment size 4096
block size 4096 allocation group size 2048 (frags)
inodes/allocation grp 2048 compress 0
file system name /tmp volume name /tmp
log device 0xa0003 log serial number 0xb4
file system state 1 read only 0
last update Thu Sep 24 14:31:28 BST 1998

lsfs Lists all filesystems


lsfs -q (fs) Lists the file system details
mount Lists all the mounted filesystems
mount (fs or lv) Mounts a named filesystem
mount -a Mounts all filesystems
mount all
mount -r -v cdrfs /dev/cd0 /cdrom mounts cd0 drive over /cdrom
crfs -v jfs -d(lv) -m(mount point) -A yes
Will create a file system on the whole of the logical volume, adds entry into
/etc/filesystems and will create mount point directory if it does not exist.
crfs -v jfs -g(vg) -m(mount point) -a size=(size of fs) -A yes
Will create a logical volume on the volume group and create the file system on
the logical volume. All at the size stated. Will add entry into
/etc/filesystems and will create the mount point directory if it does not exist.

Backup commands
mksysb -i -X /dev/rmt0 Creates image.data and system backup (-X expands /tmp if required)
mksysb -m /dev/rmt0 Creates image.data file with map file and system backup
mksysb -e /dev/rmt0 Creates system data but excludes the files listed in /etc/exclude.rootvg
mkszfile Creates /image.data file
mkcd -d /dev/cd1 Creates system boot backup to the CD-R device /dev/cd1
mkcd -d /dev/cd1 -v vg00 Creates backup of vg vg00 to CD-R device /dev/cd1
mkcd -d /dev/cd1 -G Creates generic boot backup
savevg -i -f /dev/rmt0 vg00 Creates vg00.data image file and backup vg vg00
savevg -ef /dev/rmt0 vg00 Creates vg00 backup but excludes files listed in the
/etc/exclude.vg00
find / -print | backup -ivf /dev/rmt0 Backup entire system to rmt0
backup -0vf /dev/rmt0 /home Backup /home directory to rmt0 with backup level 0
restore -Tvf /dev/rmt0 List the archive in rmt0
restore -xvf /dev/rmt0 /home Restore /home from archive in device rmt0
find ./home -print |cpio -ocvumB > /dev/rmt0
Archives /home directory
cpio -icvdumB < /dev/rmt0 Restores cpio archive from rmt0
cpio -ivt < /dev/rmt0 List the contents of cpio archive from rmt0
cpio -icvd < /dev/rmt0 /home Restores /home directory from rmt0
tar -cvf /dev/rmt0 /home Archives /home to rmt0 device
tar -tvf /dev/rmt0 List the archives in rmt0
tar -xvf /dev/rmt0 /home Extract /home from rmt0
dd if=si of=si1 conv=ebcdic Convert and copy ascii file si to ebcdic si1
dd if=/dev/rmt0 ibs=512 obs=1024 of=/dev/rmt1
To copy blocks from rmt0 with 512 blocks to rmt1 with 1024 blocks
tctl -f /dev/rmt0 rewind To rewind the tape
tctl -f /dev/rmt0 offline To eject the tape
tctl -f /dev/rmt0 status To show the status of tape
chdev -l rmt0 -a block_size=512 To change the block size of the tape to 512

Print commands
qchk -q To display the default q
qchk -P lp0 To display the status of the printer lp0
qchk -# 123 To display the status of job number 123
qchk -A To display the status of all queues
qcan -x 123 To cancel the print job 123
qcan -X -P lp0 To cancel all jobs submitted to lp0
qpri -#570 -a 25 To change the priority of the job to 25
qhld # 569 To hold the job 569
qhld -r -#569 To remove holding from 569
qmov -m lpa -#11 To move the job 11 to queue lpa
enable psq To enable queue psq
disable psq To disable queue psq
cancel -#111 To cancel job 111
lpstat To display the status all queues
lpstat -p lp0 To display the status of print queue lp0
lpstat -u root To display the jobs submitted by user root
lpq -P lp0 To display the status of queue lp0

last To list all the records in the /var/adm/wtmp file


last |grep shutdown To show the shutdown sessions
uptime (w -u ) To show how long the system has been up

splp (device) Displays/changes printer driver settings


splp /dev/lp0
export $LPDEST="pqname" Set default printer queue for login session
lsvirprt Lists/changes virtual printer attributes.
rmvirprt -q queuename -d queuedevice Removes a virtual printer
qpri -#(job No) -a(new priority) Change a queue job priority.
qhld -#(job No) Put a hold on hold
qhld -r #(job No) Release a held job

Licensing commands
oslevel To list the operating system level
lslicense To see the number of license
chlicense -u30 To change the fixed user license to 30
chlicense -f on To enable floating user license

User commands
id To list all system identifications for current user
id -gn To list the default group for current user
id -Gn To list all system groups for current user
lsuser root To list the attribute of user root
lsuser ALL To list the attributes of all users
lsuser -a HOME ALL To list the home directory of all users
lsuser -a ALL To list all usernames
lsuser -a auth1 auth2 ALL To list the authentication method for all users
lsuser -a expires ALL To list expiry date
lsuser -a account_locked ALL To check account lock status of all users
chsec -f /etc/security/user -a account_locked=false -s user
chuser -a login=true san To enable the user san
chuser -a rlogin=true san Enable san to login remotely
chuser maxexpired = -1 <User Name> Passwor never expairs for user}
mkuser si Creates user si with default values in
/usr/lib/security/mkuser.defalault
mkuser su=false si Create user si without su facility
rmuser si To remove user si
rmuser -p si To remove user si and his all attributes
who List users with tty nos and ip numbers
who /var/adm/wtmp Lists history of login logout system startup and shutdowns
who -r To list the run level
who am i /who -m To list the current user
mkgroup dcm To create the group dcm
chgroup users=u1,u2,u3 dcm To add users u1 u2 and u3 to dcm group
rmgroup dcm To delete the group dcm
chauthent To change the authentication methods

Force a user to change their password on their next login:


pwdadm -f ADMCHG username
Note that this works with some sshd's and not others

Subsystem Commands
lssrc -a To list the status of all subsystems
lssrc -h node1 -a To list the status of all subsystems on foreign host node1
lssrc -s kadmind To list the status of the subsystem kadmind
lssrc -g tcpip To get the status of the subsystem group tcpip
mkssys To add a subsystem
rmssys -s kerberos To remove the subsystem kerberos
chssys -s kerb -s kad To rename the subsystem kerb to kad
startsrc -s kadmin To start the subsystem kadmin
startsrc -g tcpip To start the subsystem group tcpip
stopsrc -s kadmin To stop the subsystem kadmin
stopsrc -g tcpip To stop the subsystem group tcpip
refresh -s nfsd To refresh nfsd subsystem
refresh -g tcpip To refresh tcpip subsystem group

Scheduling commands
crontab -l To list the crontab entries
crontab -e To edit the crontab entries
crontab -l > /si To copies the entries of crontab to /si file
crontab -r To remove all crontab entries
crontab -v To list the submission time
/var/adm/cron/cron.allow File containing users who allowed cron service
/var/adm/cron/cron.deny File containing users denied cron service
at -l To list the jobs scheduled via at command
at -r root.dfjdhjdh.21 To remove the scheduled job root.dfjdhjdh.21
/var/adm/cron/at.allow File containing users who allowed at service
/var/adm/cron/at.deny File containing users denied at service
batch To run the command when the system load permits
atq joe To list all the jobs submitted by user joe

ODM Commands
odmget sm_menu_opt
To get the objects from class sm_menu_opt
odmget -q "id=licenses" sm_menu_opt
To list objects that matches query id=licenses from object sm_menu_opt
odmdelete -o sm_menu_opt -q "id=licenses"
To delete the entries from class sm_menu_opt which agrees the query id=licenses
odmshow sm_menu_opt
To show the object class definition
odmdrop -o sm_menu_opt
To drop sm_menu_opt object class
odmchange -o sm_menu_opt -q "id=licenses" file1
To change the attributes from file1

errpt To display complete summary of report


errpt -a To list complete detailed report
errpt -d H To list all hardware related errors
errpt -d S To list all software related errors
errpt -a -j 34564423 To list detailed error report of error id 34564423
chitab tty002:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty /dev/tty
To enter the entry tty002:23:respawn:/usr/sbin/getty /dev/tty in inittab
lssrc -g portmap To start tcpip

Daemons of NIS
Server Slave Server Client

ypserv ypserv ypbind


yppasswd
ypupdated

NIS maps created by default (if file available on master server)


MAP FILE NICK NAME
passwd.byname /etc/passwd passwd
passwd.byaddr
group.byname /etc/group Group
group.byaddr
hosts.byname /etc/hosts Hosts
hosts.byaddr
ethers.byname /etc/ethers Ethers
ethers.byaddr
networks.byname /etc/networks Networks
networks.byaddr
rpc.bynumber /etc/rpc
services.byname /etc/services
protocols.byname /etc/protocols protocols
protocols.bynumber
netgroup.byhost /etc/netgroup
netgroup.byuser
bootparams /etc/bootparams
mail.aliases /etc/aliases aliases
mail.byaddr
publickey.byname /etc/publickey
netid.byname /etc/passwd
/etc/group
/etc/hosts
/etc/netid
netmasks.byaddr /etc/netmasks

chypdom –I mca Modifies nis domain name entry in /etc/rc.nfs


chypdom –B mca Changes nis domain and modifies /etc/rc.nfs file
chypdom –N mca Changes nis domain name to mca
domainname mca Changes nis domain name to mca until next reboot
mkmaster To make the machine NIS master
(Options
-O Overwrites existing maps
-o prevents overwriting existing maps
-E Exit on errors
-e No exit on errors
-P Starts yppasswdd daemon
-p Don’t start yppasswdd daemon
-U Starts ypupdated daemon
-u Don’t start ypupdated daemon
-C Starts ypbind daemon
-c Don’t start ypbind daemon
-B Executes ypinit command and modifies rc.nfs
mkclient –B –S mca Makes the machine as a client of mca server and starts ypbind daemon
ypcat passwd To cat the password map file passwd.byname
ypcat –x To display map nickname translation table
ypcat –d pci passwd To display the passwd file in the domain pci
yppasswd To change the password of nis user
lsmaster Display characteristics for the configuration of NIS master
mrgpwd >/var/yp/passwd To merge /etc/passwd and /etc/security/passwd file to /var/yp/passwd
ypxfr -h mca passwd.byname To transfer password map file from host mca

Procedure for NIS


Master Server
Change the nis domain name in the master server
chypdom –B mca
or
smit chypdom
Verify tcpip is running by executing lssrc –s inetd
Verify portmap is running by executing lssrc –s portmap
(For security reason it is better to locate all nis files to /var/yp directory and change the DIR=/etc
entry to DIR=/var/yp in the /var/yp/MakeFile. For merging the existing passwords execute
mrgpwd > /var/yp/passwd)
Execute mkmaster –O –E –P –U –C –B
-O Overwrites existing maps for this domain
-E Exist on errors when creating master server
-P Starts yppasswdd daemon
-U Starts ypupdated daemon
-C Starts ypbind daemon
-B Executes ypinit command, uncomment entries in rc.nfs and starts daemons
Check the yp daemons with lssrc –g yp

Slave Server
Change the nis domain name
chypdom –B mca
Edit hosts file, keep entries for loopback, this machine and of server
Execute mkslave –O –B –C mca

Client machine
Change the nis domain name
chypdom –B mca
Edit hosts file, and keep entries for loopback , this machine and of server
Execute mkclient –B mca
Check for ypbind with lssrc –s ypbind

HACMP Commands
logs
/tmp/hacmp.out Detailed event script output logged in 7 day rolling history
/var/adm/cluster.log High level view of cluster events (No clean up on this file)
/usr/sbin/cluster/history/cluster.mmdd Day by day view of cluster events. (one file / day of month)
/tmp/cm.log Clstrmgr messages
/tmp/cspoc.log Output from C-SPOC commands (similar to smit.log)
/tmp/emuhacmp.out Output from event emulation

rdist -b -f /etc/disfile1 To distribute the files in disfile1 to all nodes in disfile1 in binary mode

Sample entry for disfile1


HOSTS = ( root@node1 root@node3 )
FILES = ( /etc/passwd /etc/security/passwd)
${FILES} -> ${HOSTS}

clstart -m -s -b -i -l To start cluster daemons (m-clstrmgr, s-clsmuxpd,


b-broadcast message, -i-clinfo, -l cllockd)
clstop -f -N To force shutdown cluster immediately without releasing resources
clstop -g -N To do graceful shutdown immediately with no takeover
clstop -gr -N To do graceful shutdown immediately with takeover

cldare -t To sync the cluster toplogy


cldare -t -f To do the mock sync of topology
cldare -r To sync the cluster resources
cldare -r -f To do the mock sync of resources

clverify cluster verification utility

cllscf To list clustur topology information


cllsclstr To list the name and security level of the cluster
cllsnode To list the info about the cluster nodes
cllsnode -i node1 To list info about node1
cllsdisk -g shrg To list the PVID of the shared hard disk for resource group shrg
cllsnw To list all cluster networks
cllsnw -n ether1 To list the details of network ether1
cllsif To list the details by network adapter
cllsif -n node1_service To list the details of network adapter node1_service
cllsvg To list the shared vgs which can be accessed by all nodes
cllsvg -g sh1 To list the shared vgs in resource group sh1
cllslv To list the shared lvs
cllslv -g sh1 To list the shared lvs in the resource group sh1
cllsdisk -g sh1 To list the PVID of disks in the resource group sh1
cllsfs To list the shared file systems
cllsfs -g sh1 To list the shared file systems in the resource group sh1
cllsnim Show info about all network modules
cllsnim -n ether Show info about ether network module
cllsparam -n node1 To list the runtime parameters for the node node1
cllsserv To list all the application servers

claddclstr -i 3 -n dcm To add a cluster definition with name dcm and id 3


claddnode To add an adapter
claddnim To add network interface module
claddgrp -g sh1 -r cascading -n n1 n2 To create resource group sh1 with nodes n1,n2 in cascade
claddserv -s ser1 -b /usr/start -e /usr/stop Creates an application server ser1 with startscript as /usr/start
and stop script as /usr/stop

clchclstr -i 2 -n dcmds To change cluster definitions name to dcmds and id to 2


clchclstr -s enhanced To change the clustur security to enhanced
clchnode To change the adapter parameters
clchgrp To change the resource group name or node relationship
clchparam To change the run time parameters (like verbose logging)
clchserv To change the name of app. server or change the start/end scripts

clrmclstr To remove the cluster definition


clrmgrp -g sh1 To delete the resource group sh1 and related resources
clrmnim ether To remove the network interface module ether
clrmnode -n node1 To remove the node node1
clrmnode -a node1_svc To remove the adapter named node1_svc
clrmres -g sh1 To remove all resources from resource group sh1
clrmserv app1 To remove the application server app1
clrmserv ALL To remove all applicaion servers

clgetactivenodes -n node1 To list the nodes with active cluster manager processes from cluster
manager on node node1
clgetaddr node1 returns a pingable address from node node1
clgetgrp -g sh1 To list the info about resource group sh1
clgetgrp -g sh1 -f nodes To list the participating nodes in the resource group sh1
clgetif To list interface name/interface device name/netmask associated with
a specified ip label / ip address of a specific node
clgetip sh1 To get the ip label associated to the resource group
clgetnet 193.9.200.2 255.255.255.0 To list the network for ip 193.9.200.2, netmask 255.255.255.0
clgetvg -l nodelv To list the VG of LV nodelv

cllistlogs To list the logs

clnodename -a node5 To add node5 to the cluster


clnodename -o node5 -n node3 To change the cluster node name node5 to node3

clshowres Lists resources defined for all resource group


clfindres To find the resource group within a cluster

xclconfig X utility for cluster configuration


xhacmpm X utility for hacmp management
xclstat X utility for cluster status

SP Commands
Daemons

hats Topology services hatsd ( /usr/sbin/rsct/bin/hatsctrl script)


hags Group services hagsd (/usr/sbin/rsct/bin/hagsctrl script)
haem Event management haemd (/usr/sbin/rsct/bin/haemctrl script)
hr Host responds hrd (/usr/sbin/rsct/bin/hrctrl script)
pman Problem management pmand,pmanrmd (/usr/sbin/rsct/bin/pmanctrl script)

fault_service_Worm_RTG_SP (WORM) Switch daemon on nodes (/usr/lpp/ssp/rc.switch called by


css_restart_node)
kadmind The authentication database daemon for password changing and administration tools
Listens port 751. It checks acl files admin.acl.(get,mod,add) in /var/kerberos/database
/.k file for master key and /var/kerberos/databse/pricipal.pag, pricipal.dir for
authentication
database.
kerberos Daemon that provides authentication services & ticket granting ticket for clients.
kpropd Daemon to receive update for a secondary database server
hardmonDaemon that monitors and controls the state of SP hardware
It checks acl file /spdata/sys1/spmon/hmacls

install_cw To complete PSSP installation on cws


(Installs PSSP programs for SMIT panels
Starts and configures SDR
Sets node number 0 for cws in ODM
Creates hmacls file with rood.admin entry in
Starts and configure PSSP daemons
Configures default partition)
setup_authent To setup workstation as SP authentication server
(Creates /etc/krb.conf, /etc/krb.realms files
Creates authentication database using kdb_edit command
Create master key file /.k using kstash command
Adds kadmin and kerberos to inittab file and starts them
Define initial auth. admin (eg:- root.admin) using kdb_edit command
Creates Kerberos ACLS (admin_acl.get,mod,add files)
Execute kinit for root.admin and creates local service principals
(hardmon.cws, rcmd.cws)
Creates /.klogin file and add admin principal to it
Creates /etc/krb-srvtab file using ext_srvtab command)

setup_server To setup CWS as BIS

splst_versions -G -t To check the PSSP versions in all nodes


spmon_ctest To verify system monitor configured properly
spmon_itest To verify system monitor installed properly & operational
SYSMAN_test To verify the system management component
CSS_test To verify communication subsystem

SDR_test -l si To verify SDR and logs the errors in file si


SDRListClasses To list the class name in the SDR
SDRArchive si To backup SDR in the directory /spdata/sys1/sdr/archives with name
backup.<year><Julian day>.<hour><minute>.si
sprestore_config backup.<year><Julian day>.<hour><minute>.si
To restore SDR and partion sensitive subsystems
SDRGetObjects Syspar To get the system partition info
SDRGetObjects syspar_map To get the system partition map (with node info)
SDRGetObjects Adapter node_number netaddr
To get the node number and net address in the Adapter class
SDRDeleteObjects Adapter netaddr==193.9.200.227
To delete class Adapter with netaddr value 193.9.200.227
SDRChangeAttrValues Node node_number==9 bootp_response==install
To change the boot response as install on node with node number 9
SDRWhoHasLock <class_name> Returns the transaction ID of a lock on a specified class
SDRClearLock <class_name> To unlock an SDR class
syspar_ctrl -G -A To add and restart all system partition sub systems
syspar_ctrl -G -D To stop and delete all system partition sub systems
syspar_ctrl -R To restore all system partition sub systems in current partition
syspar_ctrl -E To list all system partition sub systems
syspar_ctrl -s To start all system partition sub systems in current partition
syspar_ctrl -k To stop all system partition sub systems in current partition
syspar_ctrl -r To refresh all system partition sub systems in current partition

ngcreate -s 1:1 si To create node group si with 1st node in 1st frame
ngcreate -n 1 2 3 si To create node group si with 1st 2nd and 3rd nodes
ngcreate -N ng1,ng2 si To create node group si with node groups ng1 and ng2
ngcreate -w n1,n2 si To create node group si with host name n1 and n2
ngcreate -ae n1,n2 si To create node group si with all nodes in the current partition
excluding hosts n1 and n2

nglist To list node groups in current partition


nglist -G To list node groups globally
ngfind si To find all node groups which contain node group si
ngnew si1 si2 si3 To create 3 node groups with names si1 si2 and si3
ngnew -G si1 si2 si3 To create 3 node groups globally with names si1 si2 and si3
ngresolve -G -n si To resolve the nodes in the node group si as node numbers
with global option
ngresolve -w si To resolve the nodes in the node group si as fully qualified
host name
ngresolve -d si To resolve the nodes in the node group si as fully qualified
ip address
ngdelete si si1 To remove node groups si and si1
ngdelete -u si To remove node group si but leave entries in other node groups
which is having the entries in it
ngclean -Ga To clean up all node groups
ngaddto si 1 2 To add nodes 1 and 2 to the existing node group si
ngaddto si 1 2 ng1 To add nodes 1,2 and node group ng1 to node group si
ngdelfrom si 1 2 To remove nodes 1 and 2 from node group si
ngdelfrom si 1 2 ng1 To remove nodes 1, 2 and node group ng1 from node group si

spled -G To display leds of nodes in a multi partition system


spled or spmon -L To display leds of nodes in the current partion

spmon -p off frame2/node3 To power off node3 in frame 2


spmon -p on frame2/node3 To power on node 3 in frame 2
spmon -G -p on frame2/node3 To power on node3/frame 2 if it is outside current partition
spmon -k service /frame2/node3 To change the key settings to service
spmon -p off frame1 To power off frame1
spmon -K frame1/node1 To see the key settings of frame1/node1
spmon -reset frame1/node1 To reset
spmon -open frame1/node1 To open a tty on frame1/node1==(s1term -w 1 1)
spmon -d To run the diag in the current partition
spmon -G -d To run the diag globally

hmmon -V 1:1 Displays a descriptive list of symbolic variable names


hmmon -Q -s 1:1 Displays the state of node1 in frame 1 and exists
hmmon -q -s 1:1 Displays and monitors continuously

hmreinit To stop and restart hardmon


hmcmds -G off all To power off all hardware
hmcmds -G off 1:3 To power off slot 3 in frame 1
hmcmds -G on 1:3 To power on slot 3 in frame 1
hmcmds -v -G boot_supervisor 1:1 To reset the power of node_supervisor card on slot 1 frame 1
(Use full to close the opened ttys on nodes)
hmcmds secure l 1-3:2 To change the key in secure mode for slot 2 in frame 1 2 and 3
hmcmds -v synch_reset Perform sync reset. To clear the switch errors
hmcmds -v power_on_reset Perform sync reset and do self test of switch chips

cstartup -G all To startup all nodes globally


cstartup -N 1 2 4-8 To startup nodes 1,2 and 4 to 8
cstartup -g si To startup node group si
cstartup -GZ all To startup all nodes. With Z it will restart the nodes which are already
running (otherwise command will exit)
cstartup -k all To verify the startup with sequence file (StartSeq)
cstartup -E all To startup all nodes ignoring the sequence file

cshutdown -F node1 To shutdown node1 immediately


cshutdown -h node1 To halt the node node1
cshutdown -g si To shutdown the nodes in the node group si
cshutdown -G -N 1 3 4-7 To shutdown nodes 1 3 and 4 to 7 regardless partition
cshutdown -X -N 1 2 3 To shutdown nodes 1 2 and 3 ignoring sequence file

hostlist -av To list sp host name which is active


hostlist -avd To list the hosts in ipaddress which are active
hostlist -dw node1 Returns the ip of the node node1
hostlist -N si List the host names in the node group si
hostlist -s 1-4:4 List the hostname of the node in 4th slot in frames 1-4

nodecond -n 1 1 To get the ehternet address of the node 1 in frame 1


nodecond 1 1 To network boot the node 1 in frame 1

splstdata -h To list the hardware info (equivalent to lscfg )


splstdata -i To list the network adapter data (equivalent to netstat -in)
splstdata -v To list VG info on nodes
splstdata -t To list extension node config
splstdata -b To list boot install info
splstdata -n To list node information
splstdata -s To list node switch information
splstdata -d To list file system info (equivalent to df)
splstdata -p To list SP partition info
splstdata -e To list the sp environment variables like ntp_config, amd_config
Efence To display all nodes fenced
Efence 193.9.1.2 193.9.1.5 To fence nodes with ips 193.9.1.2 and 3
Efence node1 node3 To fence nodes node1 and node3
Efence -autojoin node1 To fence out but will unfence it after reboot

Eunfence 193.9.1.2 193.9.1.5 To unfence nodes with ips 193.9.1.2 and 3


Eunfence node1 node3 To unfence nodes node1 and node3

Estart To start sp switch


Estart -autounfence -0 To start sp switch and turn off autounfence feature
(1 for autounfence enabled)
Eunpartition To prepare a system partition for repartitioning

delnimclient -l 1 2 3 To delete nim client definition for nodes 1 2 and 3 from NIM master
mknimclient -l 1 2 3 To make node 1 2 and 3 as NIM clients
delnimmast -l 1 17 33 To unconfigure nodes 1 17 and 33 as NIM masters and remove filesets
mknimmast -l 1 17 33 To make nodes 1 17 and 33 as NIM masters

lshacws To list the status of the CWS

ntpdate 90.1.2.1 Sets date and time by enquiring ntp server 90.1.2.1

spbootlist -l 1 2 To set the bootlist on nodes 1 and 2

nodecond 1 4 To network boot the node 4 in frame 1


nodecond -n 1 4 To fetch the ethernet address of node 4 in frame 1
sphrdwrad 1 3 2 To fetch mac address for node 3 and 4 in frame 1

setup_authent To setup a cws to use kerberos authentication


kdb_destroy To destroy the kerberos database
create_krb_files Searches for nodes in install/Customise mode and create krb-srvtab
file
for those nodes. (Creates in tftpboot directory of CWS.)
ext_srvtab -n node1 To extract service key files from the database for instance node1
ext_srvtab -n SPbgAdm To extract service key files from the database for instance SPbgAdm
(Creates in the present directory with name <instance>-new-srvtab)
spsetauth -d k4 std To set the authentication methods as k4 and standard
chauthpar k4 std To change the authentication methods as k4 and std

kpasswd To change the kerberos principals password

lsauthent To list the authentication table

k4init siju To get the kerberos ticket for principal siju


k4init -v siju To get the same as above but give verbose output
k4init -i siju To get the same but the machine will ask for the instance
k4init -r siju To get the same for a different realm (U can specify realm)
k4init -l siju To get the same for the life time in minutes which u specify

rcmdtgt To obtain a maximum life time ticket for rcmd services on local node

k4list To list the ticket cache and principal’s name


k4list -srvtab To list the contents of the server key file

chkp -l 6 siju To change the life time of the principal siju to 30 minutes (6 x 5)
chkp -e 2001-5-23 siju To change the expiry date of principal siju to 2001 may 23

lskp -p To list the predefined kerberos principals


lskp -s To list the kerberos service principals
lskp -c To list the kerberos client principals
lskp siju abc To list the principals of siju and abc

rmkp siju To remove the principal siju


rmkp -n siju To remove the principal siju without prompting for confirmation
rmkp -v siju To remove the principal with verbose output

kdb_edit To change the attributes of the kerberos principals


kdb_edit -n To avoid asking master key and get it from .k file

kdb_util dump /si.bak To backup the kerberos database to si.bak file


kdb_util load /si.bak To restore the kerberos database from file si.bak.
kdb_util new_master_key To change the master key

kadmin To add,delete,see,change password,change admin passwd of kerberose


kadmin ank To add a new kerberos principal
kadmin cpw To change the password of a principal
kadmin cap To change admin password
kadmin get To get the details of a principal
kadmin dest To destroy admin ticket

kstash To save the master key in the .k file

kdb_init To initialize the kerberos system

ksrvutil list To list the principals and version number in the server key file
ksrvutil -f /etc/srvtab.bak list To list the principals in the file /etc/srvtab.bak
ksrvutil change To change the key version in the default srvtab file
ksrvutil delete To delete the keys in the /etc/krb-srvtab file
ksrvutil -f /etc/srvtab.bak delete To delete the keys in the /etc/srvtab.bak file
spacs_cntrl block user1 To block user1 on the node
spacs_cntrl unblock user1 To unblock user1
spacs_cntrl deny user1 To deny user1
spacs_cntrl allow user1 To allow user1
spacs_cntrl -f /tmp/si deny To deny the list of the users in the file /tmp/si
cw_allowed List of users to be allowed to login to CWS
cw_restrict_login Script which will deny user to login to cws and allow them to change
the passwd (files are /usr/lpp/ssp/config/admin directory and entry for
second file will be in /etc/profile file)

spmkuser id=1234 pgrp=system groups=system,bin home=node1:/home/siju siju


To create SP user siju with id 1234, primary groups system, secondary
groups system,bin and home directory home/siju of node1
sprmuser -ipr siju To remove the SP user siju (I for interactive, p for removing info from
passwd file and r for removing the home directory)

splsuser -c siju To list the attributes of sp user siju in column format


splsuser -f siju To list the attributes of sp user siju in stanza format

spchuser groups=dev,system sh=/bin/ksh siju


To change the shell to ksh and secondary groups to dev,
system of SP user siju

supper -v To go to the supper prompt in verbose mode


supper update To update all file collections
supper status To see the status of the file collections
supper when To list when last updation occured
supper where To show current servers for updation
supper log To show summary of last or current updation
supper rlog To show the details of last of current updation
supper file user.admin To list the files in the file collection user.admin
supper install siju To install the file collection siju
supper remove siju To remove file collection siju
supper update user.admin To update file collection user.admin
supper diskinfo To show the diskspace and current VG

Procedure to Build a file collection with name siju for files in /home/siju

1) go to /var/sysman/sup
2) create dir siju
3) change ownership and group of siju to bin
4) copy contents of /var/sysman/sup/user.admin to siju
5) edit list file for including and omitting files in /home/siju directory
It should contains entry like the following

symlinkall
upgrade ./home/siju
omit ./home/siju/abc
omitany ./home/siju/s*

6) Add a symbolic link to siju file in lists directory to list in siju directory
ie ln -s /var/sysman/sup/siju/list /var/sysman/sup/lists/siju
7) Update /var/sysman/file.collections file with following entry
primary siju - / - / EDO power no
8) Update sup.admin file collection to reflect the changes made to file.collections
dsh -av supper update sup.admin
9) Install file collection siju in the nodes
dsh -av supper install siju

sysctld Sysctl server daemon


/etc/sysctl.conf Sysctl configuration file

setauth -cmd svcconnect NONE To allow non kerberos users to execute sysctl commands
(Entry in sysctl.conf file)
setauth -cmd pdf {ACL /etc/si.acl} To change the acl file for pdf command to /etc/si.acl
(Entry in sysctl.conf file)

/etc/sysctl.acl Default acl file for sysctl

sysctl -h node1 Opens a sysctl command interface for node node1


sysctl -h node1 aclcheck siju To check entry for siju in the default acl file (sysctl.acl)
sysctl -h node1 -f /etc/si.acl siju To check entry for siju in the acl file /etc/si.acl
sysctl -h node1 info commands To list the authorized commands for the current principal
sysctl -h node1 acladd -p siju To add the principal siju to the default ACL file
sysctl -h node1 -f /etc/si.acl acladd -p siju
To add the principal siju to /etc/si.acl ACL file
sysctl -h node1 acldelete -p siju To delete the principal siju to the default ACL file
sysctl -h node1 -f /etc/si.acl acldelete -p siju
To delete the principal siju to /etc/si.acl ACL file
sysctl -h node1 acllist To list the entries in the default acl file
sysctl -h node1 -f /etc/si.acl acllist To list the entries in /etc/si.acl file
sysctl -h node1 aclcreate -p root.admin -p siju -f /etc/si.acl
To create acl file /etc/si.acl with the entries root.admin and siju
sysctl -h node1 checkauth -cmd pdf
To check authorization for command pdf for the current user
sysctl -h node1 confadd include /etc/si.acl
To include the acl file si.acl in the sysctl.conf file
sysctl -h node1 confdelete include /etc/si.acl
To remove the acl file si.acl from sysctl.conf file
sysctl -h node1 svcrestart To restart the sysctld daemon on node node1

Steps to create a Syctl application

Task :- User siju (kerberos principal siju.adm) should get the permission to start a subsystem by executing
the command substart. Permission should not be given to other users.

1) Create the client application substart in /usr/bin directory of cws with following contents

if [ $# -gt 2 ]
then echo "Arguments exceed the limit"
exit 1
fi
/usr/lpp/ssp/bin/hostlist -n $1 | /usr/bin/sysctl -c - substart_proc $2

In the above script if condition will check for the number of arguments and execute procedure on
corresponding host

2) Change the mode to executable

chmod 755 /usr/bin/substart

3) Create server application substart.tcl with a procedure substart_proc with following contents

create proc substart_proc {SubSystem} AUTH {


global SCUSER
if [ aclcheck -f /etc/substart.acl $SCUSER ] {
exec /etc/substart.srv $SubSystem
return
}
}

if condition in the above example checks for kerberos user in the acl file /etc/substart.acl
If the condition is true it execute the command /etc/substart.srv with arguments passed by
substart command

4) Create the script substart.srv with following contents

startsrc -s $2

This script execute the command startsrc with the argument passed by the substart command

5) Change the mode to executable

chmod 755 /etc/substart.srv

6) Create acl file substart.acl with the entry for user siju
#acl#
_PRINCIPAL siju.adm@CWS

7) Add the application to the sysctl by adding following line to sysctl.conf file

include /etc/substart.tcl

8) Distribute the files to all nodes


pcp -av /usr/bin/substart
pcp -av /etc/substart.tcl
pcp -av /etc/substart.srv
pcp -av /etc/substart.acl
pcp -av /etc/sysctl.conf

9) Restart the sysctld daemon to get the new information on cws and on all nodes

10) Get the kerberos ticket for user siju and execute following command

substart 3 lpd

This should start the lpd daemon on node 3

11) Try the above command with any other kerberos ticket. Result should be negative

NIM Commands
nimconfig -a pif_name=en0 -a netname=net1
To initialise the NIM master with network name net1
nimconfig -r To rebuild /etc/niminfo file which contains the variables for NIM

nim -o define -t lpp_source -a source=/dev/cd0 -a server=master -a


location=/export/lpp_source/lpp_source1 lpp_source1

To define lpp_source1 image in /export/lpp_source/lpp_source directory from source


cd0

nim -o define -t mksysb -a server=master -a location=/resources/mksysb.image mksysb1


To define mksysb resource mksysb1, from source /resources/mksysb.image on master

nim -o remove inst_resource


To remove the resource inst_resource
nim -o check lpp_source1
To check the status of lpp_source lpp_source1
nim -o allocate -a spot=spot1 -a lpp_source=lpp_source1 node1
To allocate the resources spot1 and lpp_source1 to the the client node1
nim -o bos_inst node1
To initialise NIM for the BOS installation on node1 with the allocated resources
nim -o dkls_init dcmds
To initialize the machine dcmds as diskless operation
nim -o dtls_init dcmds
To initialize the machine dcmds for dataless operation
nim -o cust dcmds
To initialize the machine dcmds for customize operation
nim -o diag dcmds
To initialize the machine dcmds for diag operation
nim -o maint dcmds
To initialize the machine dcmds for maintenance operation
nim -o define -t standalone -a platform=rspc -a if1="net1 dcmds xxxxx" -a cable_type1=bnc dcmds
To define the machine dcmds as standalone with platform as rspc and network as net1 with cable
type bnc and mac address xxxxx
nim -o unconfig master
To unconfigure nim master master
nim -o allocate -a spot=spot1 dcmds
To allocate the resource spot1 from machine dcmds
nim -o deallocate -a spot=spot1 dcmds
To de allocate the resource spot1 from machine dcmds
nim -o remove dcmds
To remove machine dcmds after removing all resources associated to it
nim -o reboot dcmds
To reboot ther client dcmds
nim -o define -t lpp_source -a location=/software/lpp1 -a server=master -a source=/dev/cd0 lpp1
To define lppsource lpp1 on master at /software/lpp1 directory from source device /dev/cd0
lsnim To list the nim resources
lsnim -l dcmds To list the detailed info about the object dcmds
lsnim -O dcmds To list the operation dcmds object can support
lsnim -c resources dcmds To list the resources allocated to the machine dcmds

nimclient
The client version of nim command (User can obtain same results of nim in server )

Tape Drive Tasks


Web-based System Manager: wsm devices fast path
(Devices application)

-OR-
Task SMIT Fast Command or File
Path
List All Defined Tape Drives smit lsdtpe lsdev -C -c tape -H
List All Supported Tape Drives smit lsstpe lsdev -P -c tape -F "type subclass description" -H
Add New Tape Drives smit cfgmgr cfgmgr
Automatically
Add a User-Specified Tape Drive smit addtpe mkdev -c tape -t '8mm' -s 'scsi' -p 'scsi0' -w '4,0' -a
extfm=yes
Show Characteristics of a Tape smit chgtpe lsdev -C -l rmt0
Drive lsattr -D -l rmt0
Change Attributes of a Tape smit chgtpe chdev -l rmt0 -a block_size='512' -a mode=no1
Drive
Remove a Tape Drive smit rmvtpe rmdev -l 'rmt0'1

dosrd: copy DOS file to AIX file


# dosrd: reads DOS file from floppy and converts to AIX format with
# specified directory/filename $1
dosread -a $1 $1

doswr: copy AIX file to DOS file


# doswr: writes AIX file to floppy and converts to DOS format with
# specified directory/filename $1
doswrite -a $1 $1

Clusters
cath_node11:root:/# lssrc -g cluster
Subsystem Group PID Status
clstrmgrES cluster 19770 active
clsmuxpdES cluster 22190 active
clinfoES cluster 21940 active

tail -f /tmp/hacmp.out|more

cath_node11:root:/# tail -30 /tmp/hacmp.out|more


EXPORTLIST=
network_down_complete[91] [ -n ]
network_down_complete[90] network_down_complete[90] odmget -q group=workflow_server1_int AND
name=EXPORT_FILESYSTEM HACMPresource
network_down_complete[90] grep value
network_down_complete[90] awk {print $3}
network_down_complete[90] sed s/"//g
EXPORTLIST=/osmlocal_a
network_down_complete[91] [ -n /osmlocal_a ]
network_down_complete[93] [ REAL = EMUL ]
network_down_complete[98] cl_update_statd
cl_update_statd[91] [[ high = high ]]
cl_update_statd[91] version=1.7
cl_update_statd[92] cl_update_statd[92] cl_get_path

Cluster state
Check the status of the cluster daemons by issuing lssrc -g cluster and lssrc -g lock.

Run /usr/sbin/cluster/clstat to check the status of the cluster and the status of the network interfaces.
Check the cluster log files with tail -f /tmp/hacmp.out, more
/usr/sbin/cluster/history/cluster.mmdd (mmdd = current date), tail -f
/var/adm/cluster.log, and more /tmp/cm.log.

Check that the nodename is correct (use odmget HACMPcluster).

Verify that all the HACMP Configuration is synchronized. To check the state of the HACMP cluster
nodes, you have to test the topology and configuration of your HACMP cluster. This is done by using the
clverify command.

The state of cluster can be found by using the /usr/sbin/cluster/clstat

clstat - HACMP Cluster Status Monitor


---------------------------------------------
Cluster: cl_hacmp441 (1) Fri Oct 12 15:23:42 CDT 2001
State: UP Nodes: 2
SubState: STABLE
Node: austin State: DOWN
Interface: boot1 (0) Address: 192.168.1.11
State: DOWN
Interface: austin_tty0 (1) Address: 0.0.0.0
State: DOWN
Interface: austin_tmssa1 (2) Address: 0.0.0.0
State: DOWN
Node: boston State: UP
Interface: boston (0) Address: 192.168.1.20
State: UP
Interface: boston_tty0 (1) Address: 0.0.0.0
State: UP
Interface: boston_tmssa1 (2) Address: 0.0.0.0

find /proc/*/fd -type f -links 0 -exec ls -lh {} \; invalid pointing links

rmfs (fs) Removes the file system and will also remove the
LV if there are no onther file systems on it.
defrag -q (fs) Reports the fragment status of the file system.
defragfs -r (fs) Runs in report only defrag mode (no action).
defragfs (fs) Defragments a file system.
fsck (fs) Verify a file system, the file system must be unmounted!
fsck (-y or -n) (fs) Pre-answer questions either yes or no !
fsck -p (fs) Will restore primary superblock from backup copy if the
superblock is corrupt.

Useful HACMP commands


clstat - show cluster state and substate; needs clinfo.
cldump - SNMP-based tool to show cluster state
cldisp - similar to cldump, perl script to show cluster state.
cltopinfo - list the local view of the cluster topology.
clshowsrv -a - list the local view of the cluster subsystems.
clfindres (-s) - locate the resource groups and display status.
clRGinfo -v - locate the resource groups and display status.
clcycle - rotate some of the log files.
cl_ping - a cluster ping program with more arguments.
clrsh - cluster rsh program that take cluster node names as argument.
clgetactivenodes - which nodes are active?
get_local_nodename - what is the name of the local node?
clconfig - check the HACMP ODM.
clRGmove - online/offline or move resource groups.
cldare - sync/fix the cluster.
cllsgrp - list the resource groups.
clsnapshotinfo - create a large snapshot of the hacmp configuration.
cllscf - list the network configuration of an hacmp cluster.
clshowres - show the resource group configuration.
cllsif - show network interface information.
cllsres - show short resource group information.
lssrc -ls clstrmgrES - list the cluster manager state.
lssrc -ls topsvcs - show heartbeat information.
cllsnode - list a node centric overview of the hacmp configuration.

LPAR
uname –L 
Use the uname command to obtain information about the system in relation to the LPAR.
> uname -L
-1 NULL
The "-1" indicates that the system is not running with any logical partitions, but is running in full system
partition mode.
The following example demonstrates how the uname command provides the partition number and the
partition name as managed by the HMC:
> uname -L
3 Web Server
Knowing that the application is running in an LPAR can be helpful when you are assessing slight
performance differences.
CHFS EXAMPLES

1. To change the file system size of the /test Journaled File System, enter:
chfs -a size=24576 /test
This command changes the size of the /test Journaled File System to 24576 512-byte blocks, or
12MB (provided it was previously no larger than this).

2. To increase the size of the /test Journaled File System, enter:


chfs -a size=+8192 /test
This command increases the size of the /test Journaled File System by 8192 512-byte blocks, or 4
MB.

3. To convert a JFS2 file system to a version which can support NFS4 ACLs, type:
chfs -a ea=v2 /test
4. To change the mount point of a file system, enter:
chfs -m /test2 /test
This command changes the mount point of a file system from /test to /test2.

5. To delete the accounting attribute from a file system, enter:


chfs -d account /home
This command removes the accounting attribute from the /home file system. The accounting
attribute is deleted from the /home: stanza of the /etc/filesystems file.

6. To split off a copy of a mirrored file system and mount it read-only for use as an online backup,
enter:
chfs -a splitcopy=/backup -a copy=2 /testfs
This mount a read-only copy of /testfs at /backup.

7. To change the file system size of the /test Journaled File System, enter:
chfs -a size=64M /test
This command changes the size of the /test Journaled File System to 64MB (provided it was
previously no larger than this).

8. To reduce the size of the /test JFS2 file system, enter:


chfs -a size=-16M /test
This command reduces the size of the /test JFS2 file system by 16MB.

9. To freeze a file system, enter:


chfs -a freeze=60 /adl
This command freezes the /adl file system for a maximum of 60 seconds.

10. To thaw a file system, enter:


chfs -a freeze=off /zml
This command thaws the /zml file system.